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LIBRARY 

OF    THE 

UNIVERSITY  OF  CALIFORNIA. 

Class 

THE 

PUBLICATIONS 

OF    THE 

S  U  R  T  E  E  S    SOCIETY. 

VOL.    CV1I. 


T  1 1  E 


PUBLICATIONS 


SURTEES    SOCIETY 

ESTABLISHED     IN     THE     V  E  A  R 
M.DCCC.XXXIV. 


VOL.     CVII. 
FOR     THE     YEAR     M.CM.II, 


<v° 


>l 


DURHAM  : 
THOMAS    CALPCLEl'GH,    PRINTER. 


RITES    OF    DURHAM 

BRING 

A    DESCRIPTION 

OR 

B R  I  E  E    D  E  C  L A  R AT I O  N 

OF   ALL   THE 

ANCIENT  MONUMENTS,  RITES,  &  CUSTOMS 

BELONGING    OR    BEING    WITHIN    THE 

MONASTICAL  CHURCH  OF  DURHAM 

BEFORE     THE     SUPPRESSION. 
WRITTEN     1593. 


{Jublishrb  for  the  -Society 

BV    ANDREWS    &    CO.,    DURHAM    ; 

WHITTAKER  &  CO.,  2,    WHITE   HART  STREET,    PATERNOSTER 

SQUARE  ; 

BERNARD    QUARITCH,    15,    PICCADILLY  ; 

BLACKWOOD    &    SONS,    EDINBURGH. 

1903. 


At  a  Meeting-  of  the  Surtees  Society,  held  in 
Durham  Castle,  on  Tuesday,  June  3rd,  1902,  the  Dean 
of  Durham  in  the  chair, 

It  was  resolved, 

That  the  Rites  of  Durham,  now  being  edited  by  the 
Rev.  Canon  Fowler,  be  the  second  volume  for  the 
present  year. 


C  O N T KNTS 


Preface      ...         

Text  of  Rites  of  Durham    

Description  of  Windows      

Pilgrimage  and  Letter  of  Henry  VI 

Inscriptions  under  Figures  OF  Monks 

,,  under  Figures  of  Kings  and  Bishops 

llberatura  spf.cialis 

Indulgences         

Notes  on  Prebf.ndal  Houses  

Mickleton's  Additions  to  Davies 

.Votes  in  a  Copy  of  Hunter's  edition  of  1733 
Inventory  of  Altar  of  St.  John  Baptist  and  St. 

Margaret      

Extracts  from  a  Durham   Missal... 

List  of  Works  quoted  in  the  Notes     

Notes  on  the  Text 
Nous  on  the  Appendix 

Note  on  the  Sunday  Procession 

List  of  books  MENTIONED  IN  the  Text 

Three  Plans,  and  notes  thereon. 
Index  and  Glossary. 


PAGE, 

ix — xxi 

1  — 108 
109 — 122 

122,  123 
1 24 —  1 36 
'37— '43 
144— '47 
148  —  158 

159,  160 
161  —  168 

l6q,    170 


172—191 
192 

193 — 288 
^89— 301 

302,  303 
304 


PRE  FAC  E.* 


In  preparing  the  following  pages  for  the  press,  seven 
Manuscripts  have  been  used,  two  as  forming  the  text,  and 
live  as  affording  various  readings. 

I.  MS.  Cosin. — A  Manuscript  upon  paper,  of  the 
quarto  size,  marked  B.  II.  u,  in  the  Episcopal  Library 
of  Durham  founded  by  Bishop  Cosin,  and  containing, 
i.  An  Exposition  of  the  Catechism.  2.  Hegg's  Legend  of 
St.  Cuthbert,  to  which  are  prefixed  lists  of  the  bishops 
of  Hexham,  Candida  Casa,  Lindisfarne,  Chester-le-Street, 
and  Durham  to  1660.  3.  "This  booke  doth  conteine  a 
discription  or  briefe  declaratio  of  all  the  ancient  Monu- 
ments Rites  and  Customes,  belonginge  or  beinge  wthin  the 
Monasticall  Church  of  Durham  before  the  suppression 
written  1593  " ;  and,  4.  "An  act  for  a  publike  thanksgiuinge 
to  allmightie  God  euerye  yeare  on  the  fift  of  nouember. 
Anno  Jacobi  Regis  tertio."  The  book  is  in  the  same  hand 
from  beginning  to  end,  and  the  period  of  its  compilation 
is  proved  by  the  last  article  of  its  contents  to  be  subse- 
quent to  the  year  1606.  It  was  probably  written  about 
the  year  1620,  or  1630,  but  certainly  before  the  Great 
Rebellion.  The  title  of  the  Legend  of  St.  Cuthbert, 
"The  History  of  The  Church  of  Durham,  written  by 
Stephen  Hegg,"  is  inscribed  by  Bishop  Cosin  in  the 
more  distinct  hand  of  his  earlier  life,  indicating  that  the 
volume  belonged  to  him  before  his  elevation  to  the  See  of 
Durham.  Moreover,  in  the  list  of  the  bishops  of  Durham, 
"  Tho.  Moorton,  1632,"  is  in  the  first  hand,  while  "John 
Cosin,  1660,"  is  a  later  addition.  In  the  absence  of  any 
earlier  authority,  this  Manuscript  constitutes  the  text  of 
our  pages  to  p.  23,  with  additions  and  various  readings 
from  the  other  sources  hereafter  specified. 

This  preface  i->  the  Former  one  of  1S44,  with  some  adaptations  and 

additions. 


X  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

II.  A  manuscript  Roll,  sixty-seven  feet  in  length,  and 
six  inches  in  breadth,  of  which  the  writing  occupies  five 
inches  and  a  quarter,  and  consisting  of  sixty-five  pieces 
of  paper  stitched  together  with  thread,1  belonging  to 
Thomas  Jefferson  Hogg  and  John  Hogg  of  Norton,  in  the 
county  of  Durham,  Esqrs.,  who  very  obligingly  permitted 
the  Society  to  make  use  of  it  for  the  earlier  edition  of  this 
publication.  Their  present  representative  has  extended 
the  same  favour  to  us  now.  This  Roll  is  written  in  a 
bold  hand,  at  a  period  certainly  not  much  later  than 
the  date  which  the  compilation  itself  in  the  Cosin  MS. 
purports  to  bear,  the  year  1593.  The  following  memoranda 
occur  at  some  of  the  joinings  of  the  sheets  /'/;  dorso, 
indicating  probably  that  it  was  copied  by  more  scribes 
than  one,  of  whom  these  may  be  the  names  : — "  2nd  pt 
Mr.  lies,  following  the  2d  pt  "  ;  "3rd  pt  of  the  2nd  pt, 
following  Mr.  lies  "  ;  "  John  Wright,"  "  Thomas 
Wright,"  "  Brien  lies  his  5te  pte."  Of  these  persons  no 
record  has  been  found.  It  is  much  to  be  regretted  that 
this  Roll  does  not  contain  the  whole  of  the  original 
compilation.  It  commences  only  with  the  battle  of 
Neville's  Cross  ;  but,  as  it  is  manifestly  of  higher  date  and 
authority  than  the  Cosin  MS.,  the  latter  is  after  p.  23 
rejected  as  the  basis  of  our  text,  and  is  afterwards  only 
used  for  subsidiary  purposes  :  the  Roll,  from  the  page 
referred  to,  to  the  end  of  the  book,  is  our  chief  authority. 
It  was  used  by  Hutchinson. — See  his  Durham,  II,  6311. 

III.  MS.  Hunter,  No.  45,  upon  paper,  in  quarto. 
This  is  a  book  of  a  very  miscellaneous  nature.  It  appears 
to  have  belonged  originally  to  persons  of  the  names  of 
Gabriel  Archer  and  John  Archer  of  Malton,  as  a  school 
book,  and  from  them  to  have  passed  into  the  hands  of 
Theophilus  Brathwaite,  who,  as  he  himself  says  in  a 
pedigree  of  the  family  of  Radclyffe  of  Threshfield,  in  the 


1   Since  unstitched  and  pasted  on  linen. 


PREFACE.  XI 

county  of  York,  which  he  recorded  in  one  of  its  pages  in 
the  year  1655,  "  was  borne  at  Nunburnholm,  the  tenth  day 
of  January  1595,  and  was  baptized  the  18th  day  following, 
his  godfathers  Mr.  Mawburne  of  Holm  in  Spaldingmore, 
Mr.  Longley  near  Pocklington,  and  Mrs.  Percy  of  Hars- 
well  godmother";  and  that  on  the  nth  dav  of  October, 
1624,  being- then  "of  the  city  of  Yorke,  Esqr.  one  of  the 
gentlemen  sewers  to  his  late  Majesty  of  famous  memory 
Kinge  Charles,"  he  married  Annabella,  eldest  daughter  of 
Charles  Radclyffe  of  Threshfield,  Esq.,  by  whom  he  had 
three  daughters.  When  the  book  came  into  Mr.  Brath- 
waite's  possession  it  contained  much  blank  paper,  which 
he  has  filled  up  with  entries  equally  miscellaneous — 
pedigrees  of  the  Sovereigns  of  Europe,  of  the  Emperors  of 
Rome,  biographical  notices  of  Archbishops  of  York,  and 
what  more  concerns  us,  a  sparsim  transcript  of  numerous 
portions  of  the  Record,  which  is  printed  in  its  entire  state 
in  the  following  pages,  together  with  many  very  valuable 
additions,  bringing  it  down  to  his  own  time.  It  is  to  be 
regretted  that  portions  of  the  document  are  here  wanting. 
They  were  probably  contained  in  "the  ould  booke "  to 
which  he  refers  (see  p.  21  hereafter),  and  of  which  nothing 
is  now  known.  Of  this  manuscript  we  have  made  much 
use  under  the  reference  H.  45. 

IV.  MS.  Hunter,  No.  44,  Tract  10,  upon  paper,  in 
quarto.  This  is  the  latest  of  our  MS.  authorities,  and 
appears  to  have  been  written  subsequently  to  the  Restora- 
tion. It  has  furnished  a  few  various  readings  referred  to 
under  H.  44  ;  but  it  alone,  says  Raine's  Surtees  edition  of 
1S44,  contains  an  account  of  the  painted  windows  which 
decorated  the  church  of  Durham  at  the  time  of  its  com- 
pilation. Appendix  I,  pp.  109 — 122.  In  the  present 
edition  this  description  is  printed  from  a  much  earlier 
copy  in  the  Bodleian  Library,  MS.  Rawlinson  B.  ^ou,  c. 
loo,"?.       The    MS.    is    a    folio    entitled    "  A    booke    o(   the 


Xll  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

recordes  of  Duresme.  A  little  treatise  ...  for  the  most 
part  translated  forth  of  Latine  into  English  the  first 
day  of  August  Anno  d'ni  1603.  Anno  regni  regis  Jacobi 
etc.  primo."  On  fo.  14^.  begins  : — "  A  discription  of  the 
histories,"  etc.  The  writing  appears  to  be  of  about  the 
above  date. 

MSS.  C,  H.  44,  and  Gough  Durham  15  contain  the 
same  description  as  the  Rawlinson  MS.  ;  the  differences 
among  the  MSS.  are  not  of  much  importance. 

V.  MS.  Lawson,  referred  to  as  L.  This  MS. 
belongs  to  Sir  John  Lawson,  Bart.,  of  Brough  Hall, 
Catterick,  and  is  a  folio  (i2}4  in.  by  7^),  very  clearly 
written  in  a  book  well  bound  in  old  calf,  with  book-plate 
of  the  arms  of  "  S1  Henry  Lawson,  Bart."  The  first  93 
pages  contain  the  whole  of  "Rites"  not  including  the 
"  Histories  in  the  Glass  Windows."  Then  follows,  on 
pp.  93  to  122,  the  tract  on  the  Bishops  of  Durham,  in 
English,  printed  by  Allan  in  1779  ;  the  remaining  portion 
of  the  book,  about  two-thirds,  is  blank.  A  marginal  note 
at  the  end  of  the  written  portion  says  that  the  translation  of 
the  tract  on  the  Bishops  was  made  in  1603,  "  And  this 
Copy  taken  1656."  As  all  the  writing  seems  to  be  of  the 
same  date,  we  may  assign  1656  as  the  date  of  the  portion 
on  "  Rites."  This  MS.  supplies  us  with  all  the  passages 
that  Dr.  Raine  took  from  Davies,  not  knowing  of  any  MS. 
that  contained  them.  These  are  now  for  the  first  time 
printed  exactly  as  they  stand  in  the  Lawson  MS.  This 
MS.  was  used  by  Hutchinson. — See  his  Durham,  II,  63^. 

VI.  MS.  Cambridge,  referred  to  as  C,  belongs  to 
the  Cambridge  University  Library,  and  is  marked 
G  G  2  15.  It  is  neatly  written  in  a  quarto  volume 
containing  140  leaves  of  size  9  x  6y&  inches,  on  leaves 
! — 80,  preceded  by  title,  dedication,  and  table  of  contents. 
At  the  end,  "Transcribed  Jan  :  31th  1660.  p  J  :  B."  The 
text    is    that    of    the    Lawson     MS.,    with    slight    verbal 


l'RKFACE.  Xlll 

differences.  Leaves  8l  to  83  are  blank,  then  conies,  on 
leaves  84—92,  "  The  History  of  some  partieuler  windowes 
in  the  Cathedrall  Church  of  Durham,"  much  as  in  our 
Appendix  and  in  MS.  Hunter  44,  but  in  a  slightly 
abridged  form.  Leaves  93  to  121  contain,  in  English,  under 
the  heading  "  Origo  Episcopatus  Dunelmensis  Anno 
Domini  1603,"  the  tract  printed  by  Allan  in  1779.  Leaves 
129  to  130  are  blank.  The  collation  is,  "  ix  +  130 
(4-  f.  2^*)  =  140  leaves."  It  contains  a  line  book-plate 
commemorating  the  present  of  books  made  to  the  Univer- 
sitv  by  George  I  in  1715,  on  which  present  see  Studies  in 
Oxford  History,  O.H.S.,  156.  Both  covers  bear  impres- 
sions in  gold  from  a  very  line  stamp  of  the  arms  of 
Durham  Cathedral,  surrounded  by  a  wreath  of  palm 
branches. 

The  dedication  is  as  follows  : — 

"  Right  Wor'ppfull 

The  Coppies  of  these  two  Treatises  lighting  into  my 
hands  accidentally,  I  counted  it  in  pte,  a  Sinne  of  Omission, 
&  negligence,  to  let  them  returne  unsaluted,  in  the 
Coppying  of  wch,  knowing  yo'  worshipps  delight,  in 
Church  order  and  Ornamlb,  did  beleeue,  you  would  take 
much  satisfacc'on,  in  ye  reading  of  them  :  Upon  w-'1' 
Consideration,  I  resolued  to  bestowe  some  houres,  in  ye 
transcribeing  of  y,n,  and  so  much  y*  more  willingly,  by 
how  much  the  more  I  psumed,  yl  through  yo'  goodnes, 
yow  would  be  so  farre  from  denying  the  acceptance  of  it, 
that  yow  would  rather  cherish,  yc  weake  endeauours  of 

yo1  Wor'pps  most  humble 
Servant 

J  :B 
For  the  Right  Worshipfull   ) 
Sr  Gilbert  Jerrard         J 

Sir  Gilbert  Gerard  was  a  son-in-law  of  Bishop  Cosin. 


XIV  KITES    OF    DURHAM. 

VII.  British  Museum,  MS.  Harl.  7047.  A  volume 
measuring  11-;^  by  7^  inches.  It  contains,  on  ff.  146 — 
174,  the  whole  of  "Rites,"  including  the  passages  that 
were  printed  from  Davies  in  1842,  but  not  the  separate 
description  of  "  Glass  Windows."  Sir  E.  M.  Thompson 
says  that  it  is  in  the  writing  of  Thomas  Baker,  the  Cam- 
bridge antiquary,  who  was  born  at  Lanchester  and  received 
his  early  education  at  Durham  ;  he  was  "  socius  ejectus  " 
and  historian  of  St.  John's  College,  and  died  in  1740. 
The  following  is  a  copy  of  his  note  in  the  MS.  : — 

"  The  copy  from  which  this  was  taken  had  been  writt 
by  an  unskilful  scribe  and  therefore  is  often  lame  or  faulty 
in  the  punctuation  and  sometime  in  the  sense,  especially 
where  he  quotes  in  Latin.  The  author's  name  does  not 
appear  but  the  collection  was  made  an.  1593  and  it  is  not 
improbable  that  George  Bates  the  last  Register  of  the 
house  was  the  Author,  of  which  there  are  some  intimations 
in  the  collection  itself." 

He  has,  however,  adopted  the  extraordinary  mis- 
reading "  Deribitory  "  in  ch.  xxxvi. 

The  Society  is  under  great  obligation  to  the  Dean 
and  Chapter  of  Durham,  to  the  Trustees  of  Bishop 
Cosin's  Library,  to  Sir  John  Lawson,  and  to  the 
University  of  Cambridge,  for  permission  to  make  use  of 
these  manuscripts. 

A  note  by  Dr.  Hunter,  in  the  margin  of  MS.  Cosin 
(p.  54,  note  2),  refers  to  another  MS.  in  the  possession  of  a 
Mrs.  Milner,  which,  if  existing,  has  not  been  identified. 

A  considerable  portion  of  the  Record  here  presented 
to  the  Society  and  to  the  public  was  published  in  a 
curtailed  and  modernized  shape,  by  John  Davies,  of 
Kidwelly,  in  the  year  1672,  in  a  volume  of  the  duodecimo 


PREFACE.  XV 

size,  under  the  following  title  :  "  The  Ancient  Rites,  and 
Monuments  of  the  Motiastical,  &  Cathedral  Church  of 
DURHAM,  Collected  out  of  Ancient  Manuscripts,  about  the 
time  of  the  Suppression.  Published  by  J.  1).  of  Kidwelly. 
Tempera  mutantur — London,  Printed  for  IV.  Hensman  at 
the  King's  Head  in  Westminster-Hall,  M.DC.LXXII."  In 
the  Dedication,  dated  London,  October  4,  1671,  "to  my 
much  honoured  friend,  James  Mickleton,  of  the  Inner 
Temple,  Esqr.,"  Davies  speaks  of  his  obligations  to  "a 
famous  native  of  Durham,  his  early  friend  and  patron, 
John  Hall,"  who  was  brother-in-law  to  Mickleton  by 
marriage  ;  and  it  is  probable  that  from  this  person  he 
received  his  manuscript.  Hall  was  a  poet,  and  died 
young  ;  having  been  a  contemporary  of  Davies  at  St. 
John's  College,  Cambridge.  Of  Davies  himself,  and  his 
various  writings,  a  full  account  is  given  by  Wood  (Athen. 
Oxon.,  II,  col.  902,  second  edition,  1721 1).  His  publication 
of  the  little  volume  now  engaging  our  attention  brought 
upon  him  and  his  book  the  following  unmerited  attack 
from  "a  severe  Calvinist,  and  afterwards  a  Bishop," 
whose  name  Wood  has  withheld2: — "  Liber  hie  omnino 
apochrvphus  ptwa/Has  et  Legends  putida?  plurimum,  vero 
historiae  (praxi  et  cultu  monachorum  superstitioso  exceptis) 
parum  habet,  adeo  ut  mirari  subit,  inscitiam  ejus  qui 
edidit,  et  negligentiam  (veritati  et  ecclesia?  Anglicana? 
damnosam)  qui  pra^lo  permisit." 

It  seems  evident  that  Davies  curtailed  his  manuscript 
and  modernized  its  spelling  and  language.  The  slightest 
comparison  between  his  book  and  even  the  later  of  our  two 


1  Also  in  the  Dictionary  of  National  Biography. 

-  See  pp.  161-2,  on  this  attack.  This  attitude  towards  antiquarian 
pursuits  long  continued.  Bishop  Warburton  spoke  of  "  the  Antiquarian , 
who  delights  to  solace  himself  in  the  benighted  days  of  Monkish  owl-light." 
Warburton,  Charge  to  the  Clergy  of  the  Diocese  of  Gloucester,  Works  (1811), 
IX,  376,  a.  1779.  There  are,  perhaps,  even  now,  some  whose  sentiments 
would  be  in  harmony  with  those  of  the  learned  prelate. 

b 


XVI  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

text  authorities,  the  Cosin  MS.,  will  afford  abundant  proof 
of  the  defects  of  his  edition,  but  the  Norton  roll  establishes 
them  in  the  most  decided  way.  Old  North-country  words 
have  been  rejected  ;  peculiar  modes  of  expression  of  a 
local  character  have  been  generalized,  and  whole  sentences 
have  occasionally  been  so  condensed  as  to  convey  an 
imperfect  idea  of  their  original  character  and  meaning. 
That  Davies  took  these  liberties  is  the  more  to  be  regretted, 
as  the  manuscript  from  which  he  printed,  although 
apparently  in  some  respects  less  perfect  than  those  above 
specified,  seems  to  have  contained  matter  not  to  be  found 
in  any  of  them  ;  and  the  editor  of  the  edition  of  1844  has, 
upon  a  few  occasions,  transcribed  from  Davies's  book  what 
could  not  elsewhere  be  found,  using  the  reference  Dav. 

In  the  present  edition  these  passages  are  all  printed 
from  MS.  L.     They  are  also  contained  in  MS.  C. 

The  above  reason  may  suffice  to  justify  the  Surtees 
Society  in  apparently  departing  from  one  of  its  rules. 
This  interesting  Record  of  the  Rites  and  Ceremonies  of 
the  Monastical  Church  of  Durham,  unique  in  its  kind,  and 
throwing  so  much  light  upon  Benedictine  and  monastic 
observances,  "is  now"  (says  the  editor  of  the  earlier 
Surtees  edition),  "  for  the  first  time,  faithfully  printed 
from  the  best  authorities  which  can  be  found,  with  a 
collation  of  other  existing  manuscripts  ;  and  the  garb 
which  it  assumes  invests  it  with  a  new  character.  It  must 
further  be  stated,  that  Davies's  book,  in  its  original  state, 
is  so  exceedingly  rare,  that  few  people  possess  it,  and  that 
even  in  this  respect  alone  a  new  edition  was  desirable  " 
(1844P 

1  The  Society  has  now  (1903)  departed  still  further  in  reprinting  one  of 
its  own  early  volumes.  This  has,  however,  long  been  out  of  print,  and  is 
in  great  demand.  The  reprinting,  moreover,  has  given  the  opportunity  of 
consulting  additional  MSS.,  giving  a  more  accurate  text,  and  adding  more 
appendices,  as  well  as  the  notes,  plans,  etc, 


PREFACE.  XV11 

We  have  said  "  in  its  original  state,"  for,  in  the  year 
1733,  Dr.  Christopher  Hunter  made  it  the  basis  of  a  little 
volume,  which  he  published  under  the  following  title  : — 

"Durham  Cathedral,  as  it  was  before  the  Dissolution 
of  the  Monastry  ;  containing  an  account  of  the  IRitCS, 
CUStontS,  and  Ceremonies  used  therein,  together  with 
the  Histories  painted  in  the  Windows,  and  an  appendix  of 
various  Antiquities,  collected  from  several  /IftaitUSCriptS. 
— Durham,  printed  by  J.  Ross  for  Mrs.  Waghorn,  1733." 

In  the  year  1743,  Dr.  Hunter  professed  to  publish  a 
second  edition  of  the  above  book,  but  the  title  only  was 
new.      It  runs  as  follows  : — 

4iThe  History  of  the  Cathedral  Church  of  Durham 
as  it  was  before  the  Dissolution  of  the  Monastry  containing 
An  Account  of  the  Rites,  Customs,  and  Ceremonies 
used  therein,  Together  with  a  Particular  Description  of 
the  Fine  Paintings  in  the  Windows  ;  Likewise  the 
Translation  of  St.  Cuthbert's  Body  from  Holy  Island  ; 
With  the  Various  Accidents  that  attended  it's  Interment 
here  ;  with  an  Appendix  of  divers  Antiquities  collected 
from  the  best  Manuscripts.  The  Second  Edition,  with 
Additions.  Durham,  Printed  for  John  Richardson, 
Bookseller,  at  the  Bible  and  Crown,  price  2s." 

Dr.  Hunter's  book  contains  a  few  corrections  of 
Davies  from  MS.  Cosin  and  H.  45,  to  which  he  seems  to 
have  had  access,  and  also  a  few  monumental  inscriptions  : 
but  there  is  the  same  disregard  of  ancient  phraseology, 
and  a  remarkable  neglect  of  Brathwaite's  additions  to  the 
latter  of  the  above  authorities.  We  have  made  one  or 
two  references  to  Dr.  Hunter's  edition.  Of  his  appendix 
we  shall  have  occasion  to  speak  hereafter. 

In  the  year  1767  Hunter's  edition  was  reprinted  by  a 
bookseller  in  Durham  of  the  name  of  Patrick  Sanderson, 
with  still  further  deviations  from   the  original,   and   with 


XV11I  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

numerous  additional  inaccuracies,  the  result  of  carelessness. 
Appended  to  Sanderson's  edition  is  a  "  Description  of  the 
County  Palatine  of  Durham,"  occupying  135  pages,  based 
upon  Magna  Britannia  Antigua  et  Nova  [by  T.  Cox  and 
A.  Hall],  Lond.,  1738,  I,  606 — 648.  The  title  of  Sander- 
son's book,  of  which  there  was  a  large  impression,  is  as 
follows  : — 

"  The  Antiquities  of  the  Abbey  or  Cathedral  Church 
of  Durham,  also  A  particular  Description  of  the  County 
Palatine  of  Durham,  Compiled  from  the  best  Authorities 
and  Original  Manuscripts.  To  which  is  added,  The 
Succession  of  the  Bishops,  Deans,  Archdeacons,  and 
Prebends,  The  Bishop's  Courts,  and  his  Officers, 
And  the  Castles  and  Mansion-Houses  of  the  Nobility 
and  Gentry,  with  other  Particulars.  Newcastle-upon-Tyne : 
Printed  by  J.  White  and  T.  Saint,  for  P.  Sanderson, 
at  Mr.  Pope's  Head,  in  Durham,  mdcclxvii." 

In  our  Appendix  (No.  I,  pp.  109 — 122)  was  printed  in 
1844  from  H.  44,  the  only  manuscript  then  known  in 
which  it  was  contained,1  "  A  Description  of  the  Histories 
in  the  Glass  Windows  of  the  Church  of  Durham."2  This 
description  is  also  printed  by  Hunter,  and  from  the  same 
authority  :  but  here  again  the  language  is  modernized, 
and  there  are  great  inaccuracies  in  his  text.  The  com- 
pilation is  ascribed  by  Hunter  to  Prior  Wessington,  upon 
no  authority.  In  fact,  some  of  the  figures  represented 
persons  who  flourished  long  after  Wessington's  death. 

The  memoranda  and  letter  of  Henry  the  Sixth  (Ap- 
pendix II,  pp.  122,  123)  are  also  printed  by  Hunter,  p. 
167,  but  no  authority  is  assigned.     We  have  found  them 


1  This  "  Description  "  lias  since  been  found  in  other  MSS.,  and  is  here 
printed  from  MS.  Rawlinson,  B.  300.     See  above,  p.  xi. 

2  The  reader  will  be  pleased  to  consider  the  above  as  the  proper  title 
of  the  first  Article  in  the  Appendix,  and  not  "A  Description  of  the  Glass 
Histories  in  the  Windows  "  [Edition  1844].  The  correct  title  is  given  in  this 
edition. 


PREFACE.  XIX 

in  a  manuscript  in  the  Library  of  Bishop  Cosin,  B.  II.  2,1 
and  have  thought  it  right,  by  printing  them  entire,  to 
supply  Hunter's  omissions. 

Appendix  III,  pp.  124 — 136.  The  reference  to  the 
authority  for  this  portion  of  the  Appendix  is  given  in  a 
note  to  p.  124.  These  inscriptions  were  printed  in  1844 
for  the  first  time,  curtailed,  however,  of  much  of  the  history 
which  is  appended  to  each  in  the  manuscript,  and  which 
was  probably  equally  omitted  upon  the  pictures.  We  have 
now,  however,  printed  at  length  for  the  second  time  such 
biographical  notices  as  are  appended  to  the  Saints  of 
Lindisfarne,  or  the  Northern  Counties,  and  from  them  the 
nature  of  the  rest  may  be  ascertained. 

Appendix  IV,  pp.  137—143.  These  inscriptions, 
probably  upon  panels  beneath  the  figures  represented,  are 
to  be  found  only  in  the  MS.  Cosin,  B.  II.  2,  above  referred 
to.  They  were  first  printed,  but  inaccurately,  by  Dr. 
Hunter. 

Appendix  V,  pp.  144 — 147.  A  list  of  the  dependants 
or  livery  men  of  the  Church  of  Durham,  in  15 10,  with 
their  respective  offices,  from  an  entry  in  one  of  the 
Bursars'  Books,  together  with  the  quantity  of  cloth  which 
each  received,  according  to  his  station. 

Appendix  VI,  pp.  148 — 158.  An  abstract  of  such  In- 
dulgences as  are  preserved  in  the  Treasury,  granted  to 
those  who  promoted  the  building  of  the  Nine  Altars,  who 
visited  in  devotion  and  with  gifts  the  shrine  of  St.  Cuth- 
bert,  the  various  altars  and  relics  of  the  Church,  or  who  in 
any  way  contributed  to  its  benefit.  These  Indulgences 
afford     manv    valuable    dates  ;    and    it    is    interesting   to 


1  "  Colleetio  Antiquilatum  Ecclesiae  Dunelmensis,  begun  ihe  141I1  of 
November,  1660.  A  transcript  of  a  manuscript  which  Mr.  Greeke  hath  : 
ended  26  of  November,  1600."  This  volume,  which  was  transcribed  at  the 
instance  of  Bishop  Cosin,  ami  contains  several  directions  to  the  copyist  in 
his  hand,  consists  chiefly  of  extracts  from  Simeon  Dunelm.  and  Prior 
Wessinglon's  Collections  relative  to  the  Benedictines  in  the  Durham 
Chapter  MS.  B.  III.  30,  hereafter  mentioned. 


XX  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

observe  how  those  dates  confirm  the  character  of  existing 
architectural  details. 

Appendix  VII,  pp.  159,  160.  Notes  containing  some 
interesting  information,  now  (1903)  printed  for  the  first 
time,  and  supplemented  by  notes,  pp.  296,  297. 

Appendix  VIII,  pp.  161 — 168.  Notes  now  (1903) 
printed  for  the  first  time,  and  supplemented  on  pp.  297 — 
301. 

Appendix  IX,  pp.  169,  170.  Curious  as  giving  some 
information  as  to  facts  and  feelings  existing  about  the 
year  1776. 

Appendix  X,  p.  171.  This  interesting  little  Inventory 
speaks  for  itself,  and  helps  us  to  imagine  how  the  other 
altars  were  furnished. 

Appendix  XI,  pp.  172 — 191.  These  extracts  from  a 
Durham  Missal  are  given  at  the  suggestion  of  Dr.  J. 
Wickham  Legg,  F.S.A.,  and  are  printed  from  a  transcript 
kindly  made  by  him  for  insertion  in  this  volume. 

The  three  Plans  given  in  this  edition  are  in  some  sort 
an  afterthought.  They  were  not  finally  decided  on  until 
the  notes  were  all  printed,  or  they  would  have  been  there 
referred  to  from  time  to  time.  It  is  hoped  that  with  the 
help  of  the  explanations  they  will  be  found  useful  ;  they 
can  always  be  referred  to  in  place  of  Carter's  or  any  that 
are  mentioned  in  the  notes. 

After  the  notes  on  page  261  had  been  printed,  it  was 
suggested  by  Mr.  W.  H.  St.  John  Hope  that  the  cloister 
laver  had  probably  been  in  the  usual  situation,  "over 
against  the  frater  door,"  as  stated  in  Rites,  ch.  xl,  and  not 
in  the  middle  of  the  garth,  as  has  long  been  supposed. 
Many  generations  have  been  misled  by  the  marble  basin 
having  been  placed  in  the  middle  when  the  building  that 
had    sheltered    it   was   demolished.      Excavations    in    the 


PREFACE.  XXI 

south-west  part  of  the  garth  have  resulted  in  the  discovery 
not  only  of  the  octagonal  building  described  in  Rites,  but 
oi~  a  square  one  that  preceded  it,  and  also  of  a  well  at  a 
distance  of  27  feet  from  centre  to  centre,  to  the  north-east. 
The  page  containing  the  notes  on  the  laver  has 
accordingly  been  cancelled,  and  the  notes  have  been 
altered  in  accordance  with  the  new  discoveries,  but  it  was 
impossible  to  say  much  about  these  without  greatly 
disturbing  other  pages.  It  is  hoped,  however,  that  a 
proper  account  will  shortly  appear  in  Arclueologia. 

For  convenience  of  reference,  the  paging  of  the  edition 
of  1844  is  inserted  in  the  pages  of  this  one,  and  every 
passage  to  which  a  note  belongs  is  marked  by  a  small 
asterisk. 

Besides  those  owners  or  keepers  of  MSS.  who  have 
been  mentioned  above,  there  are  several  friends  who  have 
rendered  great  service  in  connexion  with  this  new  edition. 

Mr.  Hope  has  prepared  two  of  the  Plans,  has  made 
two  special  journeys  to  Durham  in  connexion  therewith, 
and  has  written  the  valuable  note  on  the  Sunday 
Procession,  besides  going  through  the  notes,  and  making 
many  valuable  suggestions  now  embodied  in  them. 
Among  others  who  have  seen  the  notes  in  proof  must  be 
specially  named  the  Rev.  W.  Greenwell,  the  Dean  of 
Durham,  Dr.  J.  Wickham  Legg,  and  Mr.  J.  T.  Mickle- 
thwaite,  who  have  all  pointed  out  additions  and  corrections 
by  which  many  of  the  notes,  themselves  the  labour  of 
some  years,  have  been  greatly  improved. 

J.  T.   F. 

Durham, 

May,   igoj. 


(0  This  booke  doth  conteine  a  discription  or  briefe     MS.  Cosi 

c.  1620. 

declaratio  of  all   the  ancient   monuments 

Rites  and   customes,    belonginge  or  beinge  wlhin 

the   Monasticall    Church   of  durham   before 

the  suppression   written.      1593-* 

.    UNIVERSI" 


VJt 

(I.     The  Nine  Altars.)*1 

First  in  the  front  or  highest  part*  of  the  Church  were  the 
9  altars  dedicated  and  directed  in  the  honoure  of  (several)2 
saints,  and  of  them  takinge  theire  names  as  the  inscription 
hereof  shall  declare.  The  altars  beinge  placed  north  and 
south  one  from  another,  alonge  the  front  of  the  church. 
In  the  midst  of  the  front  of  the  church  where  theise 
9  altars  were  placed,  was  the  altar  of  the  holy  fathers  Sl 
Cuthbert  and  Sl  Bede,  hauinge  all  the  foresaid  altars 
equally  deuided  of  either  hand  as  on  the  south  hand  foure, 
and  on  the  north  hand  foure  on  the  south  were  theise  4 
altars  following^, 

1  first  the  altar  of  Sl  Oswald  and  Sl  Laurence. 

2  The  second  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Thomas  of  Canterburye 
and  Sl  Kathern. 

3  The  third  was  the  altar  of  Sl  John  Baptist  &  Sl 
Margarett.* 

4  The  fourth  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Andrew  and  Mary 
Magdalene  beinge  the  uttermost  altar  toward  the  south. 

[In  the  South  angle  of  the  said   Nine   Altars   next  the  MS.  L. 
Cemetory  Garth,  commonly  called  the  Centry  Garth  and     '  s  ' 
next   the   said    Altar   there   was   an   Ambry  set*   wherein 
Singing-breads*  and  Wine  were  usually  placed,  at  which 
the  Segerston  of  the  Abbey  caused  his  Servant  or  Scholar 

'  The  headings  in  parentheses,  and  their  numbers  throughout,  are  retained 
from  the  edition  of  1842  for  convenience'  sake.  But  arehaistic  spelling  ot 
modern  headings  is  modernized.  The  small  asterisks  are  to  indicate 
passages  on  which  there  are  notes  at  the  end  of  the  volume.  The  figures 
in  parentheses  are  the  numbers  of  the  pages  in  the  edition  of  1S42. 

-'  Secunda  manu. 
I 


2  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  l.,  davly  to  give  attendance  from  six  a  clock  in  the  Morning 

'  ^  '    till  the  high  Masse  was  ended  from  out  (2)  thereof  to  deliver 

Singing-bread  and  Wine  to  those  that  did  assist  and  help 

the  Monks  to  celebrate  and  say  Masse.     L.,  C,  Dav.\ 

MS.  Cos.,       Richard    de    Bury,    Bpp  of  durha  lyeth   buryed   before 

c.  1  )2o.    tj1js  Altar  vnder  a  faire  marble  stone,*  wheron  his  owne 

vmage    was    most    curiously   and    artificially    ingrauen    in 

brass    with     the     pictures     of    the     12     apostles     devided 

imbordered  [devided  &  bordred,  H.  45,  L.]  of  either  side 

of  him,  and    other  fine   imagery  worke   a    bout    it    much 

adorninge  ye  marble  stone. 

On  the  north  side  of  Saint  Cuthberts  Shrine 
and  Saint  Bedes  altar,  were  theise  4  followinge 

1  The  altar  of  Sl  Martin. 

2  The  second  was  the  altar  of  S*  Peter  and  Sl  Paul. 

3  The  third  was  the  Altar  of  Sl  Adian  (sic)  and  Sl 
Helline. 

4  The  fourth  was  the  Altar  of  the  holy  Archangell  Sl 
Michaell  beinge  the  outermost  towards  the  north  :  be 
twixt  the  last  two  Altars  lyeth  buryed  Anthony  Beeke 
bpp  of  durha  and  Patriarch  of  Jerusalem  in  a  faire  marble 
tombe,  under  neath  a  faire  marble  stone,  beinge  the  first 
Bpp  that  euer  attempted  to  lye  so  neere  the  sacred  shrine 
of  Sl  Cuthbert,  the  wall  beinge  broken*  at  the  end  of  the 
allye*  for  bringinge  him  in  with  his  coffin,  [wch  contynued 
vntill  ye  suppression  of  ye  Abbey,  H.  45]. 

All  the  foresd  9  altars  had  theire  seuerall  shrines*  and 
couers  of  wainscote  ouer  head*  in  uerye  decent  and  comely 
forme,  hauinge  likewise  betwixt  euerye  altar  a  uerye  faire 
and  large  ptition  of  wainscott*  all  uarnished  ouer,  wth  fine 
branches  &  flowers  and  other  imagerye  worke  most  finely 
and  artificially  pictured  and  guilted,*  conteyninge  the 
seuerall  lockers  or  ambers*  for  the  safe  keepinge  of  the 
uestments  and  ornaments  belonginge  to  euerye  altar,  with 

3  or  4  little  am  ryes  in  the  wall*  ptaininge  to  some  of  the 
sd  altars,  for  the  same  use  and  purpose. 

There  is  in  the  East  end  of  the  church  a  goodly  faire 
round  window  called  Sl  Katherns  window,*  the  bredth  of 
the  quere  all  of  stone  uerye  finely  and  cunningly 
wrought    and    glazed,     hauinge     in     it    24     lights    uerye 


THE    FERETORY.  3 

artificially  made,  as  it  is  called  geometricall,  and  the  MS.  Cos. 
picture  of  Sl  Kathern  is  sett  in  glass  on  the  right  side 
underneath  the  sd  window  in  a  nother  glazed  window, 
as  shee  was  sett  uppon  the  wheele*  to  bee  tormented  to 
death  which  wheele  did  burst  in  peices  and  caught  the 
turners  of  the  sd  wheele,  and  wth  the  pikes  therof  all  to 
rent  them  in  peices,  Sl  Kat  beinge  safe  hir  selfe  by  the 
prouision  of  Almightie  god  and  in  the  sd  window  was  there 
a  frame  of  iron,  wherin  did  stand  9  uery  fine  cres(3)setts 
of  Earthen  mettalP  filled  with  tallow  wch  euerye  night 
was  lighted  when  the  day  was  gone  to  giue  light  to  the 
nine  altars  and  Sl  Cuthberts  feriture,  in  that  part  and  ouer 
all  the  church  besides,  did  burne  unto  the  next  morninge 
that  the  day  was  broken. 

In  the  south  alley  end*  of  the  9  altars  there  is  a  good 
glazed  window  called  Sl  Cuthberts  window,*  the  wch  hath 
in  it  all  the  whole  storye  life  and  miracles  of  that  holy 
man  Sl  Cuthbert  from  his  birth  of  his  natiuitie  and  infancie 
unto  the  end  and  a  discourse  of  his  whole  life,  maruelously 
fine  and  curiously  sett  forth  in  pictures  in  fine  coloured 
glass  accordinge  as  he  went  in  his  habitte  to  his  dying  day 
beinge  a  most  godly  and  fine  storye  to  behold  of  that  holy 
man  Sl  Cuthbert. 

In  the  north  alley  of  the  sd  9  altars  there  is  another 
goodly  faire  great  glass  window  called  Josephs  window 
the  wch  hath  in  it  all  the  whole  storye  of  Joseph*  most 
artificially  wrought  in  pictures  in  fine  coloured  glass 
accoringe  (sic)  as  it  is  sett  forth  in  the  bible  uerye  good 
and  godly  to  the  beholders  therof. 

(II.)     In  Sl  Cuthberts  feritorye.*1 

Next  to  theise  9  altars  was  the  goodly  [stately,  H.  45] 
monument  of  Saint  Cuthbert  adioyinge  to  the  quire  and 
the  high  altar,  on  the  west  end  reachinge  towards  the 
9  altars  on  the  east  and  toward  the  north  and  south 
containinge  the  breadth  of  the  quire  in  quadrant  forme*  in 
the  midst  wherof  his  sacred  shrine*  was  exalted  with  most 


'   Here,  as  elsewhere,  the  heading:  gfiven  in  the  MS.   is  retained  where 
there  is  one. 


4  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  curious  workmanshipp  of  fine  and  costly  [green,  H.  45,  L., 
C,  and  Dav.\  marble  all  limned  and  guilted  with  gold  hau- 
inge  foure  seates  or  places  conuenient*  under  the  shrine  for 
the  pilgrims  or  laymen  [lame  or  sicke  men,  H.  45]  sittiNge 
on  theire  knees*  to  leane  and  rest  on,  in  time  of  theire  deuout 
offeringes  and  feruent  prayers  to  God  and  holy  Sl  Cuthbert, 
for  his  miraculous  releife  and  succour  wch  beinge  neuer 
wan  tinge  made  the  shrine  to  bee  so  richly  inuested,  that  it 
was  estimated  to  bee  one  of  the  most  sumptuous  monuments 
in  all  England,  so  great  were  the  offerings  and  Jewells  that 
were  bestowed  uppon  it,  and  no  lesse  the  miracles  that 
were  done  by  it,  [wrought  att  itt,  H.  45]  euen  in  theise  latter 
dayes*  as  is  more  patent  [apparent  in  recordf,  H.  45]  in 
the  history  of  the  Church  at  large.* 

At  the  west  end  of  this  shrine  of  Sl  Cuthbert  was  a  little 
altar*  adioyned  to  it  for  masse  to  bee  sd  on  onely  uppon  the 
(4)  great  and  holy  feast  of  Sl  Cuthberts  day  in  lent,*  at  wch 
solemnitie  the  holy  [Prior  and  the  whole,  H.  45]  couent 
did  keepe  open  houshold  [howse,  H.  45]  in  the  frater 
house*  and  did  dine  altogether  on  that  day,  and  on  no  day 
else  in  the  yeare.  And  at  this  feast  and  certaine  other 
festiuall  dayes  in  the  time  of  deuine  seruice  they  were 
accustomed  to  drawe  [vpp,  H.  45]  the  couer*  of  Sl 
Cuthberts  shrine 

MS.  H.  45,  [beinge  of  Wainescott  where vnto  was  fastned  vnto  euy 
t-  J  55"  corner  of  yesd  Cover  to  a  loope  of  Iron  a  stronge  Cord  wch 
Cord  was  all  fest  together  over  ye  Midst  over  ye  Cover. 
And  a  strong  rope  was  fest  vnto  ye  loopes  or  bindinge  of  ye 
sd  Cordes  wch  runn  vpp  and  downe  in  a  pully  vnder  ye 
Vault*  wch  was  aboue  over  S1  Cuthb :  feretorie  for  ye 
drawinge  vpp  of  ye  Cover  of  the  sd  shrine  and  the  sd  rope 
was  fastned  to  a  loope  of  Iron*  in  ye  North  piller  of  ye 
ferretory  :  haueinge  six  silver  bells  fastned  to  ye  sd  rope,  soe 
as  when  ye  cover  of  ye  same  was  drawinge  vpp  ye  belles 
did  make  such  a  good  sound  yl  itt  did  stirr  all  ye  peoples 
harts  that  was  wthin  ye  Church  to  repaire  vnto  itt  and  to 
make  ther  praiers  to  God  and  holy  Sl  Cuthb:  and  yl  ye 
behoulders  might  see  ye  glorious  ornam'ts  therof  :  Also 
ye  Cover  had  att  euy  corner  two  ringes  made  fast,  wch  did 


THE    FERETORY.  5 

runn  vpp  and  downe  on  fower  staves*  of  Iron  when  itt  was  ^Is-  H.  45. 
in  drawinge  vpp  wth  staves  were  fast  to  euv  eorner  of  yc 
Marble  y'  Sl  Cuthb:  Coffin  did  lve  vpon,  wch  cover  was  all 
gilded  over  and  of  eyther  side  was  painted  fower  lively 
Images  curious  to  ye  beholders  and  on  the  East  End  was 
painted  the  picture  of  or  Savior  sittinge  on  a  Rainebowe  to 
geive  Judgrri1  very  lively  to  ye  behoulders  and  on  the  West 
end, of  itt  was  ye  picture  of  or  Lady  &  or  Savio1  on  her 
knee  And  on  the  topp  of  ye  Cover  from  end  to  end  was 
most  fvne  [brandishing  oi\  L.,  C.  ;  Brattishing*  of,  Ed.  H.] 
carved  worke  cutt  owte  wth  Dragons  and  other  beasts  moste 
artificiallv  wrought  and  ye  inside  was  Vernished  wth  a  fyne 
sanguine  colour  that  itt  might  be  more  pspicuous  to  y° 
beholders  and  att  euy  corner  of  ye  Cover  was  a  locke*  to 
keepe  itt  close  but  att  such  tymes  as  was  fitt  to  show  itt. 
H.  45,  L.,  C,  Dav.\ 

that  the  beholders  might  see  the  glorve  and  ornaments  MS.  Cos., 

.1  r  C.     Ib20. 

therof. 

Also  within  the  sd  feretorye,  both  of  the  north  side  and 
the  south,  there  was  almeryes  of  fine  wenscote,*  beinge 
uarnished  and  finelye  painted  and  gilted  finely  ouer  with 
little  images  nerve  seemly  and  beautifull  to  behould,  for 
the  reliques  belonginge  to  Sl  Cuthb  to  lye  in,  and  within 
the  sd  almeryes,  did  lye  all  the  holy  reliques*  [&  guifts,  H. 
45]  that  was  ofered  to  that  holy  man  Sl  Cuthb:  and  when 
his  (5)  shrine  was  drawne,  [upp,  H.  45]  then  the  sd  almeryes 
were  opened  that  euery  man  yl  came  thither  at  that  time 
might  see  the  holy  reliques  therein,  [all  the  holy  reliques 
and  guifts  and  Jewells  that  were  in  ye  Almeries,  H.  45]  so 
that  for  the  costly  reliques  and  Jewells  that  was  in  the  same 
almeryes  and  other  reliques  that  hung  a  bout  within  the  s(l 
feretorye  uppon  the  irons  was  accounted  to  bee  the  most 
sumptuous  and  richest  Jewells  in  all  this  land,  with  the 
beautifullness  of  the  fine  little  Images  that  did  stand  in  the 
french  peir"  within  the  feretorye,  for  great  was  the  gifts  and 
godly  deuotion  of  kinges  and  queenes  and  other  estates  at 
that  time  towards  God  and  holy  S1  Cuthbert  in  that  Church. 

Within  this  feretorye  of  Sl  Cuthb:  there  was  many  fine 
little  picturs  of  seuerall  sorts  [Saints,  Ed.  II.]  of  ymagery 


6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  worke  all  beinge  of  Alabaster  set  in  the  frontispice  [French- 
peire,  H.  45,>C.  ;  French  quire,  L.]  in  theire  seuerall  places, 
the  pictures  beinge  uerye  curiously  engrauen  and  gilt,  and 
the  Neuelles  Crosse  and  bull  head  [for  his  Creast  beinge,  H. 
45J  sett  uppon  the  height  [on  height,  H.  45]  and  of  either 
side  of  the  2  dores*  in  the  sd  french  peire  [quire,  L.  ;  piere, 
C]  besides,  and  also  in  diuers  other  places  of  the  french 
peire  [which  Feretory  &  French  quire,  L.  ;  pierre,  Dav.}  was 
made  at  the  charges  of  John  Neuill,  as  may  appeare  at 
large  in  the  historie  of  the  church. 

At  the  east  end  of  Sl  Cuthb :  feretorie  there  was  wrought 
uppon  the  height  of  the  irons*  towards  the  9  altars  uery 
fine  candlesticks  of  iron  like  unto  socketts  wch  had  lights 
sett  in  them  before  day  that  euerye  monke  might  haue  the 
more  light  to  see  to  read  uppon  their  bookes  at  the  sd  9 
altars,  when  they  said  masse,  and  also  to  give  light  to  all 
others  that  came  thither  to  heare  and  see  the  diuine  seruice. 

MS.  L.,  [The  King  of  Scotts  Ancient*  and  his  Banner  with  the 
l6S6-  Lord  Nevells  Banner,  and  diverse  other  Noblemens 
Ancients  were  all  brought  to  Sl  Cuthberts  Feretorie,  and 
there  the  said  Lord  Nevell,  [after  ye  battel  done*  in  moste 
solemne  and  humble  manner,  H.  45]  did  make  his  petition 
to  God  and  that  holy  man  Sl  Cuthbert  [to  accept  his 
offeringe,  H.  45]  and  did  offer  the  aforesaid  Jewells  and 
Banners  [and  ye  holy  rood  crosse*  wch  was  taken  on  ye 
Kinge  of  Scotts,  H.  45]  to  the  Shrine  of  that  holy  and 
blessed  man  Sl  Cuthbert  within  the  Feretorie  ;  [and  soe 
after  his  orisons  pformed  to  god  and  Sl  Cuthb  :  he 
depted,  H.  45]  and  there  the  said  Banners  and  Ancients 
did  stand,  and  hung  untill  the  Suppression  of  the  house  : 
the  Lord  Nevells  Banner  staff  was  all  writhen  [wrought,  H. 
45]  about  with  Iron  [all  wrythen*  about  with  Iron,  Ed.  H.] 
from  the  midst  upward,  and  did  stand  and  was  bound  to  the 
Irons  on  the  North  end  of  (6)  the  Feretorie  and  the  King  of 
Scotts  Banner  was  bound  to  the  midst  of  the  said  Irons  [to 
ye  Midst  of  ye  ferritorie,  H.  45]  and  did  hang  on  [over, 
H.  45]  the  midst  of  the  Alley  of  the  Nine  Altars,  and  was 
fastned  wth  a  cord  to  a  loup  of  Iron*  being  in  a  pillar  under 
Sl  Katherines  Window  in  the  East  end  of  the  Church,  and 


THE    QUIRE.  7 

a  little  after  the  suppression  of  the  house  they  were  all  &fS.  L., 
taken  down,  spoiled  and  defaced  that  the  memory  thereof 
should  he  clean  taken  away  [obliterated,  II.  45]  being  hoth 
a  great  honour  unto  the  Realm,  and  decent  Ornament  unto 
the  Church.  L.,  C,  Davies.]  [&  an  honnor  to  the  Real  me 
beinge  v°  Ensignes  <.V'  Trophies  of  ther  great  Yietories, 
H.  45]-  " 

(III.)      The   Quire. 

In  the  East  end  of  the  quire  ioyninge  uppon  Sl  Cuthberts  MS"  gOS- 
feriture  stood  the  high  altar  beinge  the  goodliest  [&  moste 
stately,  H.  45]  altar  in  all  the  church  and  a  nerve  rich 
thinge  with  many  pretious  and  costlv  ornaments  appertain- 
ing to  it  both  for  euerv  prineipall  day  as  also  for  euery1 
[of  o1  La  :  II.  45,  L.,  C,  and  Dav.\  dayes  betwixt 
the  sd  high  altar  and  Sl  Cuthberts  feriture  is  all  of  [yc, 
H.  45]  french  peere  uerye  curiously  wrought  both  of  the 
inside  and  outside  with  faire  images  of  Alabaster  being 
most  finely  gilted  beinge  called  in  the  antient  history"  the 
Laordose'  the  sd  curious  workmanshipp  of  french  peere  or 
Laordose  reachinge  in  hight  almost  to  the  middle  vault, 
and  containinge  the  breath  of  the  quire  in  lengthe  in  the 
midst  wherof  right  over2  the  said  hye  altar  were  artificially 
placed  in  uery  fine  Alabaster  the  picture  of  our  lady 
standinge  in  the  midst,  and  the  picture  of  Sl  Cuthb:  on  the 
one  side  and  the  picture  of  Sl  Oswald  on  the  other  beinge 
all  richly  gilded  and  at  either  end  of  the  sd  altar  was  a 
wande  of  iron  fastened  in  the  wall,  wheron  did  hang 
curtaines  or  hanginges'  of  white  silke  dayly,  the  dayly 
ornaments  that  were  hunge  both  before  the  altar  and 
a  boue  were  of  red  ueluett,  wrought  with  great  flowers 
of  gold  in  imbroydered  worke  with  many  goodly  pictures 
besides,  beinge  uerye  finely  gilted,  but  the  ornaments 
for  the  prineipall  feast  wch  was  the  assumption  of  our 
lady  were  all  of  white  damaske  all  besett  with  pearle 
and  pretious  stones  which  made  the  ornaments  more  rich 
and  gorgeous  to  behould.  [Att  eyther  end  was  a  place  to 
keepe  y*  wdl  ornamls  w  h  were  of  white  Damaske  and  such 
like  stuffe,  H.  45]. 


A  blank  left  hero  in  Cos.  MS.  MS.  bas  "righl  on. 


O  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Cos.,       Within  the  sd  quire  ouer  the  high  Altar  did  hang  a  rich 
1 6  jo. 

(7)  and  most  sumptuous  Canapie  for  the  Blessed  sacrament 
to  hang  within  it  which  had  2  irons  fastened*  in  the  french 
peere  uery  finely  gilt  wch  held  the  canapie  ouer  the  midst  of 
the  sd  high  Altar  (that  the  pix  did  hange  in  it*  that  it  could 
not  moue  nor  stirr)  wheron  did  stand  a  pellican*  all  of 
siluer  uppon  the  height  of  the  sd  Canopie  uerye  finely 
gilded  giuinge  hir  bloud  to  hir  younge  ones,  in  token  that 
Christ  did  giue  his  bloud  for  the  sinns  of  the  world,  and  it 
was  goodly  to  behould  for  the  blessed  sacrament  to  hange 
in,  and  a  marueilous  faire  pix  that  the  holy  blessed 
sacrament  did  hange  in  wch  was  of  most  pure  fine  gold 
most  curiously  wrought  of  gold  smith  worke,  and  the  white 
cloth*  that  hung  ouer  the  pix  was  of  uerye  fine  lawne  all 
embroydered  and  wrought  aboue  [about,  L.,  C]  with  gold 
and  red  silke,  And  4  great  and  round  knopes  of  gold  marue- 
lous  and  cunningly  wrought  with  great  tassells  of  gold  and 
redd  silke  hangingeat  them,  and  at  the  4  corners  of  the  white 
lawne  cloth.  And  the  crooke  that  hung  within  the  cloth 
that  the  pix  did  hang  on  was  of  gold  and  the  cords  that  did 
draw  it  upp  and  downe  was  made  of  fine  white  strong 
silke.  And  when  the  monkes  went  to  say  or  singe  the  high 
masse,  they  put  on  theire  uestments  [they  were  vested,  H. 
45]  in  the  vestrye  [Revestry,  L.,  C,  Dav.\  both  the  epistoler 
and  the  gospeller*  they  were  alwayes  reuest  in  the  same 
place,  and  when  the  office  of  the  masse*  began  to  be 
sung,  the  epistoler  came  out  of  the  revestrie,  and  the  other  2 
monkes  following  him  all  3  arow*  at  the  south  quire  dore 
and  there  did  stand  to  [vntill,  H.  45]  the  gloria  patri  of  the 
office  of  the  masse*  began  to  bee  sunge,  and  then  with 
great  reuerence  and  deuotion  they  went  all  [three,  L.,  C, 
Dav.\  upp  to  the  high  Altar  (and  one  of  the  uergers  that 
kept  the  uestrie,  did  goe  before  them  with  a  tipt  staffe  in  his 
hand  as  it  was  his  office  so  to  doe)  bowinge  themselues 
most  reuerently  to  the  blessed  sacrament  of  the  Altar,  the 
one  on  the  on  side  of  him  that  sd  the  masse  and  the  other 
of  the  other  side,  also  the  gospeller  [Epistler,  H.  45]  did 
carrye  a  maruelous  faire  booke  which  had  the  Epistles  and 
Gospells  in  it,  &  did  lay  it  on  the  altar  the  which  booke  had 
on  the  outside  of  the  coueringe  the  picture  of  our  sauiour 


THE    QUIRE.  9 

Christ  all  of  siluer  of  goldsmiths  worke  all  pcell  gilt  uerye  Ms-  <  'os' 
fine  to  behould,  w**  booke  did  serue  for  the  pax    in   the 

masse.  The  epistoler  when  he  had  sung-  the  epistle  did  lay 
the  booke  againe  on  the  altar  and  after  when  the  gospell 
was  sunge  the  gospeller  did  lay  it  downe  on  the  altar,  untill 
the  masse  was  done.  And  the  masse  beinge  ended  they 
went  all  3  into  the  reuestrie  from  whence  they  came  and 
carved  the  (8)  booke  with  them,  and  one  of  the  uergers 
meetinge  them  at  the  south  quire  dore  after  the  same  sort 
they  came  and  went  before  them  into  the  uestrie. 

Also  there  was  perteininge  to  the  high  Altar  2  goodly 
Chalices  one  was  of  gold,  the  other  of  siluer,  and  double 
gilt,  and  all  the  foote  of  it  [them,  H.  45]  sett  full  of  precious 
stones,  that  of  gold  was  for  principall  dayes  and  the  other 
was  to  serue  euerye  day,  likewise  there  was  perteininge 
to  the  high  altar,  two  goodly  gilt  basons  of  siluer,*  one 
for  principall  dayes  double  gilt  a  great  large  one,  and  the 
other  bason  for  euerye  day,  not  so  large  beinge  parcell  gilt 
and  grauen  all  ouer,  and  two  gilt  Cruitts*  that  did  hold  a 
quart  a  peece  parcell  gilt  and  grauen  all  ouer,  and  other  2 
lesser  Crewetts  for  euerye  day  all  of  siluer,  one  payer  of 
siluer  Censors  for  euerye  double  feast  double  gilded,  and  2 
paire  of  siluer  censors  parcell  gilt  and  the  cheines  also  for 
euery  day  with  2  shipps*  of  siluer  parcell  gilt  for  principall 
dayes,  and  other  two  of  siluer  ungilt  for  euerye  day,  to 
carry e  franki licence  in 

[one  pair  of  silver  Censors  for  everv  day,  and  two  pair  of 
silver  Censors  for  every  feast  double  guilted  [for  euery 
double  feaste  ungilted.  C]  And  two  pair  of  silver  Sensors 
pcell  guilt  and  the  chaines  also  for  everv  principal  day, 
with  two  shipps  oi  Silver  peel  guilt  for  principal  dayes, 
and  other  two  of  Silver  unguilt  for  every  day,  to  carry 
frankincense  in.      L.,  C,  Dav.], 

and  2  siluer  double  gilded  candlesticks'  for  2  tapers 
uery  finely  wrought  of  3  [two,  H.  45]  quarters*  high  to  bee 
taken  in  sunder  with  wrests,*  other  two  siluer  candlesticks 
for  euerye  dayes  seruice  pcell  gilt  with  rich  and  sumptuous 
furnitures   for  euerye   festiuall   day   o(  Changeable   suites, 


IO  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  diiiers  of  the  uestments  was  sett  all  round  about  both 
stooles  and  fannels,*  there  was  also  other  uery  rich  and 
costly  iewells  &  ornaments  that  was  ptelninge  to  the  sd 
high  Altar. 

Also  there  was  2  [faire,  H.  45]  Crosses  to  bee  borne*  [to 
be  carryed  in  recession,  H.  45]  on  principall  dayes,  the  one 
of  gold,  and  the  staffe  that  it  did  stand  on  to  beare  it 
withall  was  all  of  siluer,  and  goldsmiths  worke  uerye 
curiously  and  finely  wrought  and  double  gilt,  and  the  other 
crosse  was  of  siluer  and  double  gilt  and  the  staffe  of  it  was 
of  wood  that  it  did  stand  on  after  the  same  workmanshipp 
and  double  gilt1  [fare  guilt,  L.  ;  faire  gilt,  C.]. 

(IV.     The  Quire — The  Paschal.) 

Also  there  was  a  goodly  monument  pertaininge  to  the 
Church  called  the  pascall*  wch  was  wont  to  bee  sett  upp  in 
the  quire  (9)  and  there  to  remaine  from  the  thursday  called 
Maundye  thursday'  before  Easter  untill  Wednesday  after 
the  assention  day  that  did  stand  uppon  a  foure  square 
thick  planke  of  wood  against  the  first  grees  or  stepp  hard 
behind  the  3  basons  of  siluer  that  hung  before  the  high 
altar,  in  the  midst  of  the  sd  greese  is  a  nick*  wherein  on 
of  the  corners  of  the  sd  planke  was  placed,  and  at  euerye 
corner  of  the  planke  was  an  iron  ringe  wherunto  the  feete 
of  the  pascall  were  adioyned,  representinge  the  pictures  of 
the  foure  flyinge  dragons,  [att  each  Corner  one,  H.  45]  as 
also  the  pictures  of  the  4  Euangelists  [wth  six  faire 
Candlesticks  for  six  tapers  to  stand  in,  H.  45]  aboue  the 
tops  of  the  dragons  underneath  the  nethermost  bosse,  all 
supportinge  the  whole  pascall  and  [in]  the  4  quarters  haue 
beene  foure  Christall  stones,  and  in  the  4  small  dragons  4 
heads  4  christall  stones  as  by  the  holes  doe  appeare  and 
on  euerye  side  of  the  4  dragons  there  is  curious  antick 
worke  as  beasts  and  men  uppon  horsbacks  with  bucklers 
bowes  and  shafts,  and  knotts  with  broad  leaues  spred 
uppon  the  knotts  uery  finely  wrought  all  beinge  of  most 
fine  and  curious  candlestick  mettall  [or  Latten*  Mettal 
glistring  as  yc   Gold    it   self   having   six    Candlesticks  or 

'   No  break  here  in  the  MS. 


THE    PASSION.  I  I 

Flowers  of  Candlestick  mettall,  added  by  Dr.  Hunter,  in  -^s-  <  >,s- 
the  margin]  coiiiinge  from  it  three  o(  euerye  side  wheron 
did  stand  in  euerye  of  the  sd  flowers  or  candlestick  a  taper 
of  wax  and  on  the  height  of  the  sd  candlestick  or  pascall  of 
lattine  was  a  faire  large  tlower  beinge  the  principall  flower 
w^1  was  the  7  candlestick,  the  pascall  in  latitude  did 
containe  almost  the  bredth  of  the  quire  in  longitude  that 
did  extend  to  the  height  of  the  [Lower,  H.  45]  uault 
wherein'  did  stand  a  long  peece  of  wood  reach inge  within 
a  mans  length  [height,  H.  45]  to  the  uppermost  uault 
roofe  of  the  church,  wheron  stood  a  great  long  square 
tap  of  wax  [a  lardge  square  wax  tap,  H.  45]  called  the 
pascall  a  fine  conueyance  threoigh  the  sd  roofe'  of  the 
church  to  light  the  tap  withal!  in  conclusion  the  pascall 
was  estimated  to  bee  one  of  the  rarest  monuments  in  all 
England. 

(V.  The  Quirk)— The   Passion/ 

Within  the  Abbye  Church  of  Durha  uppon  good  friday 
[theire  was,  H.  45]  maruelous  solemne  seruice,  in  the  wch 
seruice  time  after  the  passion  was  sung"  two  of  the  eldest 
[Ancient,  Dav.]  monkes  did  take  a  goodly  large  crucifix 
all  of  gold  of  the  picture*  of  our  sauiour  Christ  nailed 
uppon  the  crosse  lyinge  uppon  a  ueluett  cushion,  hauinge 
St.  Cuth(io)berts  armes  uppon  it  all  imbroydered  wth  gold 
bringinge  that  betwixt  them  uppon  the  sd  cushion  to  the 
lowest  greeces  [stepps,  H.  45]  in  the  quire,  and  there 
betwixt  them  did  hold  the  sd  picture  of  our  sauiour  sittinge 
of euery  side  [on  ther  knees,  H.  45]  of  that,  and  then  one 
of  the  sd  monkes  did  rise  and  went  a  prettye  way  from  it 
sittinge  downe  uppon  his  knees  with  his  shooes  put  o( 
uerye  reuerently  did  creepe  away  uppon  his  knees  unto  the 
sd  crosse  and  most  reuerently  did  kisse  it,  and  after  him 
the  other  monke  did  so  likewise  [all  vc  other  Monckes,  H. 
45],  and  then  they  did  sitt  them  downe  on  euery  [of  evther, 
H.  45]  side  of  the  sd  crosse  and  holdinge  it  betwixt  them, 
and  after  that  [them,  H.  45 J  the  prior  came  forth  of  his 
stall,  and  did  sitt  him  downe  of  his  knees  with  his  shooes 
of  and  in  like  sort  did  creepe  also  unto  the  Sd  crosse  [and 
all  the  monkes  after  him  one  after  an  nother,  in   the  same 


12  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

ms.  Cos.,  order,  and  not  in  H.  45],  in  the  meane  time  all  the  whole 
quire  singinge  an  Himne,:  the  seruice  beinge  ended 
the  two  [two  not  in  H.  45]  monkes  did  carrye  it  to  the 
sepulchre  wth  great  reuerence,  wch  sepulchre  was  sett  upp 
in  the  morninge*  on  the  north  side  of  the  quire  nigh  to  the 
high  altar  before  the  seruice  time  and  there  did  lay  it  within 
the  sd  sepulchre,  with  great  deuotion  with  another  picture 
of  our  sauiour  Christ,  in  whose  breast  they  did  enclose 
with  great  reuerence  the  most  holy  and  blessed  sacrament 
of  the  altar  senceinge  [singinge,  H.  45]  and  prayinge  vnto 
it  uppon  theire  knees  a  great  space  settinge  two  taper 
lighted  before  it,  wch  tapers  did  burne  unto  Eas\er  day  in 
the  morninge  that  it  was  taken  forth. 

(VI.     The  Quire) — The   resurrection.* 

There  was  in  the  abbye  church  of  duresme  uerye 
solemne  seruice  uppon  easter  day  betweene  3  and  4  of  the 
clocke  in  the  morninge  in  honour  of  the  resurrectio  where 
2  of  the  oldest  monkes  of  the  quire  came  to  the  sepulchre, 
beinge  sett  vpp  upon  good  friday  after  the  passion  all 
couered  with  redd  ueluett  and  embrodered  with  gold,  and 
then  did  sence  it  either  monke  with  a  paire  of  siluer 
sencors  sittinge  on  theire  knees  before  the  sepulchre,  then 
they  both  risinge  came  to  the  sepulchre,  out  of  the  which 
wth  great  reverence  they  tooke  a  maruelous  beautifull 
Image  of  our  sauiour*  representinge  the  resurrectio  with  a 
crosse  in  his  hand  in  the  breast  wherof  was  enclosed  in 
bright  [moste  pure,  H.  45]  Christall  the  holy  sacrament 
of  the  altar,  throughe  the  wch  christall  the  blessed  host  was 
conspicuous,  (11)  to  the  behoulders,  then  after  the 
eleuation  of  the  sd  picture  carryed  by  the  sd  2  monkes 
uppon  a  faire  ueluett  cushion  all  embrodered  singinge  the 
anthem  of  christus  resurgens*  they  brought  to  the  high 
altar  settinge  that  on  the  midst  therof  whereon  it  stood 
the  two  monkes  kneelinge  on  theire  knees  before  the  altar, 
and  senceing  it  all  the  time  that  the  rest  of  the  whole  quire 
was  in  singinge  the  foresd  anthem  of  Xpus  resurgens,  the 
which  anthem  beinge  ended  the  2  monkes  tooke  up  the 
cushines    and    the    picture    from    the    altar   supportinge   it 


ALMERIES — LETTERNS — BASINS.  1 3 

betwixt  them,  proceeding  in  processio  from  the  high  altar  Ms-  Cos. 
to  the  south  quire  dore  where  there  was  4  antient  gentle- 
men* belonginge  to  the  prior  appointed  to  attend  theire 
cofningc  holdinge  upp  a  most  rich  cannopye  of  purple 
ueluett  tached*  round  about  [tashed  about,  L.,  C]  with  redd 
silke,  and  [a  goodly,  Dav.]  gold  fringe,  and  at  euerve 
corner  did  stand  one  of  theise  ancient  gentlemen  to  beare 
it  ouer  the  sd  Image,  with  the  holy  sacrament  carried  by 
two  monkes  round  about  the  church  the  whole  quire 
waitinge  uppon  it  with  goodly  torches  and  great  store  oi 
other  lights,  all  singinge  reioyceinge  and  praising  god 
most  deuoutly  till  they  came  to  the  high  altar  againe, 
wheron  they  did  place  the  sd  Image  there  to  remaine 
until!  the  assencion  day. 

There  was  a  nother  crosse  of  Xpall*  that  serued  for 
euerve  day  in  the  weeke,  there  was  borne  before  the  crosse 
euerve  principall  day  a  holy  water  font  [fatt,  H.  45] 
of  siluer*  uery  finely  grauen  and  pcell  gilt,  which  one  of 
the  nouices*  did  carrye. 

(VII.     The  Quire — Almeries* — Letterns — Basins.) 

In  the  north  side  of  the  quire  there  is  an  almerye  neere 
to  the  high  altar  fastened  in  the  wall  for  to  lav  any  thinge 
in  ptaininge  to  the  high  altar.  Likewise  there  is  another 
almerye  in  the  south  side  of  the  quire  nigh  the  high  altar 
enclosed  in  the  wall  to  sett  the  challices  the  basons  and  the 
crewetts  in  that  they  did  minister  withal!  at  the  high  masse 
with  locks  and  keys  for  the  said  almerves. 

At  the  jiorth  end  of  the  high  altar,  there  was  a  goodly 
fine  letteron  [Lettern,  H.  45]  of  brasse  where  they  sunge 
the  epistle  and  the  gospell,*  with  a  gilt  pellican  on  the 
height  [Topp,  H.  45]  of  it*  finely  gilded  pullinge  hir  bloud 
out  hir  breast  to  hir  young  ones,  and  winges  spread 
abroade  wheron  did  lye  the  book  that  they  did  singe  the 
epistle  and  the  gosple,  it  was  thought  to  bee  the  goodlvest 
[fairest,  H.  45]  letteron  of  brasse  (12)  that  was  in  all  this 
cuntrye  it  was  all  to  bee  taken  in  sunder  with  wrests  euerv 
ioynt  from  other,  [it  went  all  in  hemes'  to  take  asonder 
att  plesure,  1 1.  45 J. 


14  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  Also  ther  was  lowe  downe  in  the  quere  another  Lettorn 
of  brasse  (not  so  curiously  wroughte)  standinge  in  the  midst* 
against  the  stalls,  a  marueilous  faire  one,  with  an  eagle  on 
the  height  of  it,  and  hir  winges  spread  a  broad  wheron  the 
monkes  did  lay  theire  bookes  when  they  sung  theire 
legends,  at  mattens  or  at  other  times  of  seruice. 

[where  the  Moncks  did  singe  ther  Legends  at  Mattins  & 
other  tymes.  Wch  same  stood  theire*  vntill  ye  yeare  1650 
when  yL"  Scotts  were  sent  prisoners  from  Dunbarr  feight '  and 
putt  prisoners  into  ye  Church  where  they  burned  vpp  all  ye 
wood  worke*  in  regard  they  hadd  noe  Coales  allowed  them  : 
And  ther  was  a  fellowe  one  Brewen  appointed  to  looke  to 
ye  Scotts  by  Sr  Arthure  Haslerigg*  barronett,  then 
Goiino1  of  Newcastle  &  ye  fower  Northeran  Counties  wch 
conveyed  the  sd  brasse  letterne  &  Eagle  away  &  many 
other  thinges  apptayninge  to  ye  Church  &  sould  them  for 
his  owne  gaine,  a  man  of  a  badd  conscience  &  a  Cruell 
fellowe  to  ye  poore  prisoners.*     H.  45,  c.  1655]. 

Before  the  high  altar  within  the  quire  aboue  mentioned 
were  3  marueilous  faire  siluer  basins*  [att  ye  stepps  as  one 
goes  vpp,  H.  45]  hung  in  chaines  of  siluer,  one  of  them  did 
hange  in  the  south  side  of  the  quire  aboue  the  stepps  that 
go  upp  to  the  high  altar,  the  second  on  the  north  side 
opposite  to  the  first  the  third  in  the  midst  betweene  them 
both  and  iust  before  the  high  altar,  theise  3  siluer  basons 
had  lattin  basons  within  them  hauinge  pricks  for  serges  or 
gilt  wax  candles  to  stand  on,  the  lattin  basons  beinge  to 
receiue  the  drops  of  the  3  candles,  wch  did  burne  continually 
both  day  and  night,  in  token  that  the  house  was  alwayes 
watch inge  to  god. 

Ther  was  also  another  siluer  bason  which  did  hang  in 
siluer  chaines  before  the  sacrament  of  the  foresd  high  altar 
but  nerer  to  the  high  altar  then  the  other  3.  as  almost 
dependinge  or  hanging  ouer  the  priests  back,  which  was 
only  lighted  in  time  of  masse  and  therafter  extinguished. 

(VIII.     The  Quire — Ludovick  de  Bellomonte.) 

Ludovick  de  Bellomonte*  Bpp  of  Durha  lyeth  buried 
before  the  high  altar  in  the  quire  beneath  the  stepps  that 
goe  upp  to  the  sd  high   altar,   under  a  most  curious  and 


LUDOVICK    DE    BELLOMONTE.  1 5 

sumptvus  marble  storm*  wch  he  ppared  for  himselfe  before  MS-  Cos., 
hee  dyed  beinge  adorned  with  most  excellent  workman-(  13) 
shipp  of  brasse  wherein  hee  was  most  excellently  and  liuelv 
pictured  as  hee  was  accustomed  to  singe  or  say  masse  with 
his  mitre  on  his  head,  and  his  crosiers  staffe  in  his  hand 
with  two  angells  finely  pictured,  one  of  the  one  side  of  his 
head  and  the  other  on  the  other  side  with  censors  in  theire 
hands  sensinge  him  conteining  most  exquisite  pictures, 
and  Images  of  the  12  apostles  deuided  and  bordered  of 
cither  side  of  him  and  next  them  is  bordered  on  either  side 
of  the  12  apostles  in  a  nother  border  the  pictures  of  his 
ancestors  in  theire  coat  armour  beinge  of  the  blond  rovall 
of  france,  and  his  owne  amies  of  france  beinge  a  white  lvon 
placed  uppon  the  breast  of  his  uestment,  beneath  his  uerses 
of  his  breast*  with  flower  debtees  about  the  lyon,  2  lyons 
pictured  one  under  the  one  foote  of  him  and  another  under 
the  other  of  him  supportinge  and  holdinge  upp  his  crosiers 
staffe  his  feete  adioyninge  and  standinge  uppon  the  said 
lyons  and  other  two  lyons  beneath  them  in  the  nethermost 
border  of  all,  beinge  most  artificially  wrought  and  sett  forth 
all  in  brasse  marueilously  beautifyinge  the  sd  through 
of  marble*  wherin  was  engrauen  in  brasse  such  diuine  and 
celestiall  sayinge  of  the  scripture  wch  hee  had  peculiarly 
selected  for  his  spirituall  consolation  at  such  time  as  it 
should  please  god  to  call  him  out  of  his  mortalitie,  wherof 
some  of  them"  are  legeable  to  this  day,  as  theise  that 
follow, 

Epitaphium*  eius.  „. 

In  Gallia  natus  de  bello  monte 

iacet  hie  Lodouicus  humatus 
Nobilis  ex  fonte 

Regum  comitumque  creatus 

Prassull  in  hac  sede  Ca^li  letetur  in  ede 
Preteriens  siste  memorans  quantus  fuit  iste 
Ca^lo  qua  dignus  iustus  pius  atq'  benignus 

Dapsilis  ac  hilaris    inimicus  semper  amaris* 
Sup  caput. 

Credo  quod  redemptor  metis  uiuit  qui  in  nouissimo 
die  me  resuscitabit  ad  uitam  eternani,  et  in  carne 
mea  uidebo  ileum  saluatorem  meum. 


l6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS-  Cos--  In  pectore. 

Reposita  est  hasc  spes  mea  in  sinu  meo  Domine 
miserere 

Ad  dextram 
(14)      Consors  sit  Sanctis  Lodouicus  in  arce  tonantis 
Ad  sinistram 
Spiritus  ad  Christum  qui  sanguine  liberat  ipsum.* 

(IX.     The  Quire — The  Organs). 

There  was  3  paire  of  organs  belonginge  to  the  said  quire 
for  maintenance  of  gods  seruice,  and  the  better  selebratinge 
therof  one  of  the  fairest  paire  of  the  3  did  stand  ouer  the 
quire  dore  only  opened  and  playd  uppon  at  principall 
feastes,  the  pipes  beinge  all  of  most  fine  wood,  and 
workmanshipp  uerye  faire  partly  gilted  uppon  the  inside 
and  the  outside  of  the  leaues*  and  couers  up  to  the  topp 
with  branches  and  flowers  finely  gilted  with  the  name  of 
Jesus  [J  H  S.,  H.  44]  gilted  with  gold  there  was  but  2  paire 
more  of  them  in  all  England  of  the  same  makinge,  one 
paire  in  Yorke  and  another  in  Paules,        ^ 

[but  ther  was  a  paire  att  ye  cominge  in  of  ye  Scottes 
1640*  farr  exceeded  all  wch  they  destroyed,  H.  45]. 

also  there  was  a  letterne  of  wood*  like  unto  a  pulpit 
standinge  and  adioyninge-  to  the  wood  organs  ouer  the 
quire  dore,  where  they  had  wont  to  singe  the  9  lessons*  in 
the  old  time  on  principall  dayes  standinge  with  theire  faces 
towards  the  9  altars  {altered  to  high  altar).1 

The  second  paire  stood  on  the  north  side  of  the  quire 
beinge  neuer  playd  uppon  but  when  the  4  doctors  of  the 
church  was  read,*  viz.  Augustine  Ambrose  Gregorye  and 
Jerome  beinge  a  faire  paire  of  large  organs  called  the 
cryers.* 

The  third  paire*  was  dayly  used  at  ordinary  seruice. 

(X.    The  Quire — Book  of  Benefactors,  Relics,  &c.) 

There  did  lye  on  the  high  altar  an  excellent  fine  [faire 
rich,  H.  45]  booke*  uerye  richly  couered  with  gold  and 
siluer  conteininge  the  names  of  all  the  benefactors  towards 
Sl  Cuthberts    church    from   the  first   originall    foundation 

1   MSS.  H.  44,  L.,  have  "  high  altar"  ;  C.  has  "  the  Alter." 


THE    NORTH' ALLEY    OF    THE    QUIRE.  17 

thereof,  the  uerve  letters  for  the  most  part  beinge  all  gilded  My-  Cos- 
as  is  apparent  in  the  said  (15)  booke  till  this  day  the 
layinge  that  booke  on  the  high  altar  did  show  how  highly 
they  esteemed  their  founders  and  benefactors,  and  the 
dayly  and  quotidian  remembrance  they  had  of  them  in  the 
time  of  masse  and  diuine  seruice  did  argue  not  onely  their 
gratitude,  but  also  a  most  diuine  and  charitable  affection  to 
the  soules  of  theire  benefactors  as  well  dead  as  liuinge, 
which  booke*  is  as  vett  extant  declaringe  the  sd  use  in  the 
inscription  thereof.  There  is  also  another  famous  booke*  : 
as  yett  extant  conteininge  the  reliques  Jewe(l)s  ornaments 
and  uestments  that  were  giuen  to  the  church  by  all  those 
founders  for  the  further  adorninge  of  gods  seruice  whose 
names  were  of  record  in  the  said  booke  that  dyd  lye  uppon 
the  high  altar,  as  also  they  are  recorded  in  this  booke  of 
the  afore  said  reliques  and  Jewells  to  the  euerlastinge 
praise  and  memorye  of  the  giuers  and  benefactors  therof. 

(XL)     The   north   allye   of  the  quire. 

At  the  east  end  of  the  north  alley  of  the  quire  betwixt 
two  pillars  opposite  was  the  goodlyest  fake  porch  wch  was 
called  the  Amanchoridge  hauinge  in  it  a  marueillous  faire 
roode  with  the  most  exquisite  pictures  of  Marye  and  John 
with  an  altar  for  a  monke  to  say  dayly  masse  beinge  an1 
antient  time  inhabited  with  an  Anchorite,  wherunto  the 
Pretors2  were  wont  much  to  frequent  both  for  the 
excellency  of  the  place  as  also  to  heare  the  masse  standinge 
so  conueniently  unto  the  high  altar,  and  withall  so  neere 
a  neighbour  to  the  sacred  shrine  of  S1  Cuthbert,  wherunto 
the  Prior(s)  were  most  deuoutly  adicted  the  entrance  to 
this  porch  or  Anchoridge  was  upp  a  paire  of  faire  staires* 
adiovninge  to  the  north  dore  of  St.  Cuthberts  feretorie, 
under  the  wch  staires  the  pascall  did  lye,*  and  in  the  time  of 
lent  the  children  of  the  aumerie*  were  enioyned  to  come 
thither  daylye  to  dresse  trim'  and  make  it  bright  against 
yu  pascall  feast. 

1  Read  "in." 
II.  44  also  Has  this  mistake;  read  "Priors,''  as  below,  in  L,  and  C, 
and  in  tin-  editions. 


1 8  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  in  this  north  allye  of  the  Quire  betwixt  2  pillars  on  the 
south  side  before  Sl  Blese  altar  (afterwards  called  Skirlawes 
Altar)  lyeth  buryed  Walter  Skirlawe  Bpp  of  Durh4  under  a 
faire  marble  stone''  uery  sumptuously  [curiously,  H.  45] 
besett  with  many  brasen  Images,  [brasse  pictures,  H.  45] 
hauinge  his  owne  Image  [picture,  H.  45]  most  artificially 
portred  in  brasse  in  the  midst  therof  with  this  sainge 
engrauen  uppon  his  brest,  (16) 

Credo  quod  redemptor  metis  uiuit  et  in  die 
nouissimo  de  terra  surrecturus  sum  et  in  came  mea 
uidebo  deum  saluatorem  meum. 

[the  place  of  his  sepulcher  was  in  Ancyent  tyme  invy- 
roned  wth  Irons'  artificially  wrought  but  of  late  tyme  his 
body  was  taken  vpp  and  interred  before  y  high  alter  &*  the 
same  stone  layde  over  hym  and  a  stall1  or  pewe  placed 
theire  for  gentlewomen"  to  sitt  in,  H.  45.  His  body  was 
not  removed"'  onely  the  stone,'  H.  45,  marg.  note  in  a  later 
hand]. 

Right  ouer  the  entrance  of  this  north  Allye  goinge  to  the 
song  scoole*  which  scople  was  heretofore  the  segresters 
exchequer,*  ther  was  a  porch  adioyninge  to  the  quire*  on 
the  south  and  Sl  Bendicts  altar*  on  the  north  the  porch 
hauinge  in  it  an  altar  and  the  roode  or  picture  of  our 
sauiour,  wch  altar  and  roode  was  much  frequented  in 
deuotion  of  Dtr  Swallwell*  sometime  monke  of  Durham 
the  said  Rood  hauinge  marueilous  sumptuous  furniture  for 
festiuall  dayes  belonginge  to  it. 

(XII.)     The  south  allye  of  the  quire. 

At  the  east  end  of  the  south  allye  of  the  quire  opposite  to 
the  foresd  porch  in  the  north  allye  was  a  most  faire  roode 
or  picture*  of  our  sauiour  in  siluer  called  the  black  Roode 
of  Scotland*  brought  out  of  holy  Rood  house,"  by  Kinge 
-  Dauid  Bruce  and  was  wonn  at  the  battaile  of  Durham 
-with  the  picture  of  our  ladye  on  the  one  side,  and  Sl  Johns 
on  the  other  side  uerye  richly  [wrought]2  in  siluer  all  3 
hauinge  crownes  of  gold  with  a  deuice  or  wrest"  to 
take  them  of  or  on  beinge  adorned  with  fine  wainscote. 

1   Underlined.  -  Added  secunda  manu. 


THE  SOUTH  ALLEY  OF  THE  QUIRE.    '       19 


L. 
56. 


[At  y  Hast  end  of  the  South  Alley  adjoyning  to  the  Ms-  ' 
pillar  next  S'  Cuthberts  Feretorie,  next  the  Quire  door  on 
the  south  side  there  was  a  most  fair  Roodc  or  picture  of 
our  Saviour,'  called  the  black  rood  of  Scotland  with  the 
picture  of  Mary  &  lohn  being  brought  out  of  holy  rood 
house  in  Scotland  by  King  David  Bruce,  and  was  wonnc 
at  the  battle  of  Durham  with  the  picture  of  our  Lady  on 
the  one  side  of  our  Saviour  and  the  picture  of  Sl  lohn  on 
the  other  side,  the  which  Rood  and  pictures  were  all  three 
very  richly  wrought  in  silver,  the  which  were  all  smoked 
black  over,  being  large  pictures  of  a  Yard  and  five  quarters 
long,  and  on  every  one  of  their  heads,  a  Crowne  of  pure 
bett  gold  of  goldsmiths  work  with  a  devise  or  wrest  to  take 
them  of  or  on.  And  on  the  backside  of  the  said  rood  and 
pictures,  there  was  a  peice  of  work  that  they  were  fastned 
unto  being  all  adorned  with  fine  Wainscot  work  and 
curious  painting  well  befitting  such  costly  pictures  from 
the  middle  pillar  (middle  piller,  C.  ;  midst  of  the  Pillar, 
Dav.)  up  to  the  height  of  the  Vault,  the  which  wainscott 
was  all  redd  Varnished  over  very  finely,  and  all  sett  full 
of  starres  of  Lead,  every  starre  finely  guilted  over  with 
gold,  and  also  the  said  roode  and  pictures  had  every 
of  them  an  Iron  stickt  fast  in  the  back  part  of  the  said 
Images  that  had  a  hole  in  the  said  Irons,  that  went 
through  the  Wainscott  to  put  in  a  pinn  of  Iron  to  make 
them  fast  to  the  Wainscott.      L.,  C] 

Thomas  Hattfeild  Bpp  of  Durham  lyeth  buried  ouer 
against  the  Reuestrye  doore  in  the  south  Allye  of  the 
quire  betwixt  2  pillars  under  the  bPPs  seate*  wch  hee  did  (17) 
make  before  hee  died  his  tombe  beinge  all  of  Alabaster,* 
whereunto  was  adioyned  a  little  altar"  which  hee  prepared 
for  a  monke  to  say  masse  for  his  soule  after  his  death  the 
Altar  beinge  inuironed  with  an  iron  grate.  [This  nioiuim' 
remaynes  still  undefaced,  H.  45.  His  scutcheon,  Azure  a 
ehevoron  or  betwixt  ,^  lyons  ramp1  argent,  1 1.  45,  _"/"  man  it.  \ 

Within   this  South  alley  of  the  quire  was  the    uestrye 
[Revestrie,  L.,  Dav.]  wher  the  BPP  or  his  sufraigne  had  a 
peculiar  Altar*  where  they  did   use  to  say  masse  onely  at 
such  times  as  they  were  to  consecrate  priests,  or  to  giue 
any  holv  orders. 


20  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

v 

MS.  Cos.,  (XIII.)     The  Crosse  alive*  of  the  lanthorne  before  the 

C.    IO20.  J 

quire  dore  goinge  north  and  south. 
In  the  former  part*  of  the  quire  of  either  side  the  west 
dore  or  cheife  entrance  therof  without  the  quire  dore  in  the 
lanthorne  were  placed  in  theire  seuerall  roomes'  one  aboue 
another  the  most  excellent  pictures,  all  gilted  uerye 
beautifull  to  behould  of  all  the  kinges  and  queenes,"  as  well 
of  Scotland  as  England  which  weere  deuout  and  godly 
founders  and  benefactors  of  this  famous  Church  and  sacred 
monument  of  Sl  Cuthbert  to  incite  and  prouoke  theire 
posteritie  to  the  like  religious  endeauours  in  theire  seuerall 
successions  whose  names  hereafter  followeth.* 

Edgarus  rex  Scotorum 

Katherina  regina  Angliae 

Dauid  Broys  rex  Scotorum 

Richardus  secundus  rex  Scotorum1 

Alexander  rex  Scotorum 

Henricus  quartus  rex  Angliae 

Richardus  primus  rex  Angliae 

Alexander  rex  Scotorum 

Matilda  regina  Angliae 

Dauid  rex  Scotorum 

Eduardus  3  rex  Angliae 

Henricus  2  rex  Angliae 

Eduardus  primus  rex  Angliae 

Henricus  quintus  rex  Angliae 

Alexander  rex  Scotorum 

Sibilla  regina  Scotorum 

Gulielmus  Rufus  rex  Angliae 

Richardus  tertius  rex  Angliae 

Gulielmus  conquestor  rex  Angliae 

Heraldus  rex  Angliae 
(18)  Johannes  rex  Angliae 

Eduardus  secundus  rex  Angliae 

Ethelstanus  rex  Angliae 

Stephanus  rex  Angliae 

Matilda  regina  Angliae 

Kenute  rex  Angliae 

1  So    in    MSS.    Cosin   and   H.    44,    but    corrected    to    "Angliae"    in    the 
editions.     MS.  L.  has  '* Anglorum,"  MS.  C,  "Angliae," 


THE   CROSS    ALLEY    OF   THE    LANTERN.  CI 

Melcomus  rex  Scotorum  -Ms- lns-. 

Dunconus  rex  Scotorum 

Henricus  3  rex  Angliae 

Helinora  regina  Anglian 

Henricus  primus  Angliaj  rex 

Elinora  regina  Anglian 

Melcomus  rex  Scotorum 

Gulielmus  rex  Scotorum. 

[Some   Mds  {memorandums)  owte  of  yc   recordes  of  yc  MS.  H.  45, 
Church  of  Durham  wch  my  ould  booke  wolde  not  contayne.     c"  '  ss" 

Att  ye  entrance  of  ye  Ouier  doore  the  pictures  or  statues 
of  ye  seilall  Benefactors  and  founders  of  ye  Church  of 
Durham  dedicated  to  Sl  Cuthbert  were  placed  whose  names 
are  thus 

Edgarus  rex  Scotor 
Catherina  regina  Angli 
David  Bruce  rex  Scot 
Ric'us  prim',  rex  Angli 
Alexander  rex  Scotor' 
Hencus  quartus  rex  Ang 
Matilda  regina  Angl 
Edr'us  3  rex  Angli 
Henr:  2  rex  Angli 
Eds  primus  rex  Ang 
Henr:  5  rex  Angli 
Sibilla  regina  Scotor' 
Willms  rufus  rex  Ang 
Ric'us  3  rex  Angli 
Willms  conquestor  rex  Anglie 
Harold'  rex  Anglie 
Joh'es  rex  Anglie 
Edr'us  2  rex  Angli 
Ethelstan  rex  Anglie 
Steph  :  rex  Anglie 
Matilda  regina  Anglie 
Canutus  rex  Anglie 
Malcolme  rex  Scotor' 
Duncanus  rex  Scotor' 
Henr:  3  rex  Anglie 


22  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  H.  45,  (io^  Elinora  regina  Anglie 

Henr:  prim^  rex  Anglie 
Willms  rex  Scotor'         H.  45]. 

MS.  Cos.,       jn  tjie  lanthorne  called   the  new  worke*  was  hanging^ 
c.  1620.  .  fe     & 

there  3  fine  [goodly,   H.  45]  bells  which  bells  was  runge 

euer  at  midnight  at  12  of  the  clock,   for  the  monkes  went 

euermore  to  theire  mattens  at  that  houre  of  the  night,  there 

was  4  men  appointed  to  ringe  the  said  bells  at  midnight, 

and  at  all  such  other  times  of  the  day  as  the  monkes  went 

to  serue  god,    two  of  the   sd    men    apperteininge    to    the 

uestrye  wch  allwayes  kept  the  copes  with  the  uestments  and 

fiue  paire  of  siluer  sensors  with  all  such  goodly  ornaments 

pteininge  to  the  high  Altar  which  2  men  did  lye  euerye 

night  in  a  Chamber  ouer  the  west  end  of  the  sd  uestrye'  and 

the  other  2  men  did  lye  euerye  night  within  the  scl  church 

in  a  chamber  in  the  north  allye*  ouer  against  the  sextons 

Checker  :  theise  2  men  did  alwayes  sweepe  and  keepe  the 

church  cleanly  and  did  fill  the  holy  water  stones*  euerye 

Sunday  in  the  morninge  with  cleane  water  before  it  came  to 

be   hallowed,*   and   did   lock   in   the  church   dores   euerye 

night. 

Also  there  is  standinge  in  the  south  pillar  of  the  quire 
doore  of  the  lanthorne  in  a  corner  of  the  sd  pillar  a  foure 
squared  stonn  wch  hath  beene  finely  wrought  in  euerye 
square*  a  faire  large  Image,  whereon  did  stand  a  foure 
squared  stone  aboue  that  wch  had  12  cressetts  wrought  in 
that  stone  wch  was  filled  with  tallow"  and  euerye  night  one 
of  them  was  lighted"  when  the  day  was  gone,  and  did  burne 
to  giue  light  to  the  monkes  at  midnight  when  they  came  to 
mattens. 


(XIV.)     The  north  allye  of  the  lantren. 

John  Washington*  prior  of  Durha  lyeth  buryed  under  a 
faire  marble  stone  with  his  uerses  [Epitaphe,  H.  45] 
engrauen  in  brasse  uppon  it,  before  the  porch  ouer  the 
entrance  of  the  north  allye  as  you  goe  to  the  song  scoole 
adioyninge  to  Sl  Bendicts  altar. 


AN    ANCIENT    MEMORIAL.  2  7, 

Robert  Berington*  de  Walworth  prior  of  Durham  did  Ms-  Cos., 
first  obtaine  the  use  of  the  mitre  with  the  staffe,  lice  Iveth 
buryed  under  a  faire  marble  stone  beinge  pictured  from  the 
waste  upp  in  brasse  on  the  north  side  of  prior  Washington 
in  the  north  plage"  ouer  against  S1  Benedicts  altar,  beinge 
the  first  of  the  3  Altars  in  the  north  plage. 

Next  to  Sl  Benedicts  altar  on  the  north  is  Sl  Gregoryes 
altar  beinge  the  second  altar.     (20) 

(XV.)     An  auntient1  memoriall  collected  forthe  of  ye   Roil, 

.,  '      c.  1600. 

best  antiquaries  concerni  g  ye  battel  1  at  durh'm 
in  John  Fossour  tyme. 

[A  collec'on  forth  of  the  best  Antiquities  of  Durham 
church  of  yc  battell  fought  theireag1  Daved  Bruce  kinge  of 
Scottf  and  his  brother  in  ye  tyme  yl  John  Forcer  was  Lord 
Prior  :  wch  was  thus.      H.  45]. 

In  the  night  before  ye  battell  of  Durhm  stricken  &  begun 
[was  petched,  H.  45]  the  xvij  [xviijth,  H.  45]  daie  of  October, 
An°  d'ni  1346.  ther  did  appeare  to  Johne  Fossour  then  por 
of  ye  abbey  at  Durhm,  a  visio,  cofnanding  him  to  taike  ye 
holie  corporax  cloth,  wch  was  wthin  ye  corporax*  wherew1'1 
Sl  Cuthb:  did  cover  the  chalice  when  he  vsed  to  say  masse, 
and  to  put  ye  same  holie  Relique  like  vnto  a  ban  clothe 
[banner  cloth,  Cos.]  vpo  (a)  speare  point,  &  on  ye  morrowe 
after  to  goe  &  repaire  to  a  place  on  ye  west  pte  of  ye  citie  of 
Durhm  called  yc  Readhillf*  And  there  to  remayne  &  abyde 
till  ye  end  of  ye  said  battell,  to  wch  visio  ye  por  obeyinge, 
&  taiking  ye  same  for  a  Revelac'6  of  gods  grace  &  nicy  by 
ye  medyac'on  of  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  did  accordingly  early  in  V 
next  morninge  together  wlh  y  Mounkf  of  ye  said  abbay, 
repaire  to  y*  said  place  called  ye  Readhillt.'  there  most 
devoutly  humbling  [themselues,  Cos.]  &  pstrating  them 
selves  in  praier*  for  yc  victorie  in  ye  said  battell,  a 
great  multitude  and  nombcr  of  scottf  Runing  &  pressinge 
by  them  both  one  waie  and  other,  wlh  intentio  to 
haue    spoiled    them,     but    yett    they    had     no    power    or 

1  In  the  MS.  this  word  is  written  exactly  like  "anntient,"  bvit  elsewhere 
the  undoubted  it  is  like  a  carefully  written  ».  hence  the  erroneous  reading 
"monnckes,"  frequently  occurring  in  the  edition  ot  1S42.  Sometimes  it  is 
written  like  "  monukes." 


24  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  suffrance  to  cofnytt  any  violence  &  force  vnto  (21)  such 
holie  psons  so  occupied  in  praiers,  being  ptected  & 
defended  by  yc  mightie  pvidence  of  almightie  god,  and  by 
ye  mediac'6  of  holy  Sr  Cuthb:  &  yc  psence  of  ye  saide  holie 
Relique.  And  after  many  conflictf  &  warlike  exploitf 
there  had  and  donne  betwixte  ye  englishe  men  and  ye 
kinge  of  scottf  &  his  company  the  said  battell  ended*  and 
ye  victorie  was  obteyned  to  ye  great  outhrowe  and  confusio 
of  ye  scottf  there  enemyes.  And  then  ye  said  por  & 
mounkes  accumpaned  wth  Raphe  L  :  Neivell  [al's  Daw 
Raby,  H.  45]  &  John  Neivell  his  sonne,  &  ye  Lord  Percy, 
&  many  other  worthie  nobles  of  england  returned  home  & 
went  to  ye  abbay  church,  ther  ioyninge  in  hartie  praier  & 
thankes  geving  to  god,  &  holie  S:  cuthbert  for  ye  conquest 
&  victorie  atchived  that  daie.*  In  wch  said  battell  A  holy 
cross  wh(ich)  was  taken  out  of  holie  rudehouse*  [in  Eding- 
brough,  H.  45]  in  Scotland  by  king  david  bruce  was  wonne 
&  taiken  [vpon,  H.  45]  ye  said  king  of  Scotland  at  ye  said 
battell,  wch  crosse  by  most  auncyent  &  credible  writers  is 
recorded*  to  haue  corned  to  ye  said  king  most  myraculous- 
lie,  &  to  haue  hapned  &  chaunced  in  to  his  hand  being  a 
hunting  at  ye  wylde  harte  in  a  forrest  nygh  Eddenbrowghe 
vpo  Holy  Rude  daie,  comonlie  called  ye  exaltac'on  of  yc 
crosse,  ye  said  kinge  seued  &  pted  fro  his  nobles  and 
company,  suddenly  there  appered  vnto  him  (as  it  seamed) 
a  most  faire  harte  runninge  towards  him  in  a  full  &  spedy 
course,  wch  so  affraid  ye  kingf  horse,  that  he  violently 
coursed  away,  whome  ye  harte  so  fercely  and  swiftlye 
followed,  that  he  baire  forciblie  both  ye  king  &  his  horse 
to  ground  who  so  being  dismayd  dyd  cast  backe  his  handt 
betwixt  ye  Tyndf  of  ye  said  harte  to  stay  him  selfe,  and  then 
and  there  most  strangly  slypped  into  yc  kinges  handes 
ye  said  crosse  most  wonderously,  at  ye  veiwe  wherof 
ifliediatelye  ye  hart  vanished  away,  and  neu  after  was 
seane  no  ma  knowing  certenly  what  mettell  or  wood  ye  said 
crosse  was  mayd  of.  In  ye  place  wherin  this  miracle  was 
so  wroughte,  doth  now  spring  a  fountaine  called  ye  Rude 
well.*  And  ye  next  night  after  ye  said  crosse  so  bechanced 
vnto  hym,  the  said  king  was  charged  &  warned  in  his 
sleape  by  a  visio  to  buyld  an  abbey  in  ye  same  place  wch 


AN    ANCIENT    MEMORIAL.  25 

he  most  deligentlie  observing,  as  a  true  message  from  god  Ro11, 
almightie,  did  send  for  workemen  into  f  ranee  &  Maimers, 
who  at  there  cuinyng  weare  reteyned,  &  dyd  buyld  &  erect 
v  said  abbey  accordinglie,  wch  yc  king  caused  to  be 
furnished  wth  Chanons  Reguler  &  dedicated  y  same  in  y 
honor  of  ye  cross,  and  placed  ye  said  crosse  moste 
sumptuouslie  &  richly  in  y  said  abbey,  ther  (22)  to 
remayne  as  a  most  renowmed  monu,m  &  so  there  remayned, 
till  yc  said  King"  cumynge  toward  f  yc  said  battell,  dyd 
bring  vt  upd  him  as  a  most  myraculous  &  fortunate 
relique,  \otwthstandinge  that  ye  said  kinge  ye  said  nighte 
before  he  addressed  him  forwarde  to  ye  said  battell,  was  in 
a  dreame  admonished,  that  in  any  wise  he  should  not 
attempt  to  spoile  or  violate  yc  churche  goods  of  Sl  Cuth : 
or  anv  thinge  yl  appteyned  vnto  that  holie  Sl,  wch  for  that 
he  moste  contemptuously  and  psumptuously  dyd  disdayne 
&  contemne,  violating  and  distroyinge  so  much  as  he 
could  ye  said  goodf  and  lands  belonging  to  Sl  Cuth:  was 
not  onely  punished  by  god  almighty,  by  his  owne 
captivitie  being  taiken  at  the  said  battell  in  ye  feild  and 
therin  very  sore  wounded  having  first  valiantly  fought,  & 
wlh  him  were  taken  foure  earles,  two  lordes,  [eleaven 
Lords,  H.  45]  ye  Archbushoppe  of  Sl  Andrewes,  one 
other  bushopp  one  knight  wth  many  others,  In  wch  battell 
were  slaine  [ye  kings  brother,  H.  45]  seaven  earles  of 
Scotland  besydf  many  lords  and  scotishmen,  to  the 
noumber  of  one  and  other  fifteane  thousand  &  also  lost  ye 
saide1  crosse  wch  was  taiken  vpo  him,*  &  many  other  most 
wourthie  &  excellent  JewelltJ  &  monum'f  wch  wea(re) 
brought  from  Scotland  as  his  owne  bann  &  other  noble- 
mens  auficientes,"  [his  owne  Banner  beinge  ye  Royall 
standerd,  wth  many  more  Colours,  H.  45]  wdl  all  weare 
offred  vp  at  vc  shryne  of  Sl  Cuth  :  for  yc  bewtifiynge  & 
adorninge  therof,  together  wlh  ye  blacke  Rude  o(  Scotland 
(so  tearmed)  wth  Mary  and  John,  maid  of  silver,  being  as 
yt  weare  smoked  all  oil,  wch  was  placed  &  sett  vp  most 
exactlie  in  v  piller  next  Sl  Cuthb:  shrine  in  ye  sou.th  alley 
of  yc  said  abbey.      Shortelie  after  ye  said   P'or  caused  a 

'  A  lino  redundant  here  al  a  joining  of  the  paper,  viz.,   "  inge  taiken  at 
yt  said  battell,  btu  also  loste  the  said. 


26  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  goodly  and  sumptuous  ban  to  be  maid  &  wth  pippes  of 
silu*  to  be  put  on  a  staffe,  beinge  fyve  yerdf  longe,* 
wth  a  device  to  taike  of  and  on  yc  said  pipes  at  pleasure,  & 
to  be  keapt  in  a  chyste  in  yL>  ferretorie  when  they  weare 
taken  downe,  wch  ban  was  shewed  &  caried  in  yc  said 
abbey  on  festivall  and  pncipall  daies,  on  ye  highte  of  ye 
oumost  pipe,  was  a  faire  ptie  crosse  of  silver  and  a  wand 
of  siluer,*  having  a  fyne  wroughte  knopp  of  silver  at  either 
end,  that  went  outwhart  ye  bann  cloth,  wherevnto  ye  ban 
clothe  was  fastned  &  tyed,  wch  wand  was  of  ye  bignes  of  a 
mans  fynger,  and  at  either  end  of  ye  said  wande  there 
was  a  fyne  silver  bell,  the  wand  was  fest  by  the  myddle  to 
ye  ban  staffe  hard  vnder  yc  crosse,  ye  ban  cloth  was  a 
yerd  brode,  &  five  q^ters  deape,  &  ye  nether  pt  of  it 
was  indented  in  five  ptf,  &  (23)  frenged,  and  maid 
fast*  wth  all  about  wth  read  silke  and  gold.  And 
also  ye  said  ban  cloth  was  maid  of  read  velvett  of  both 
sydes  most  sumptuously  imbrodered  &  wrought  wth 
flowres  of  grene  silke  &  gold,  and  in  ye  mydes  of  ye 
said  ban  cloth  wras  ye  sayde  holie  relique  &  Corporax  cloth 
inclosed  and  placed  yer  in,  wch  Corporax  cloth  was  covered 
over  wth  white  velvett  half  a  yerd  square  eiiy  way,  having 
a  red  crosse  of  read  velvett  on  both  sydes  over  yc  same 
holie  Relique  most  artificiallie  and  cunyngly  compiled  & 
framed,  being  fynely  fringed  about  ye  edge  &  scirtf  wth 
frenge  of  read  silke  and  gold  &  iij  litle  fyne  silver  bellf  fest 
to  ye  scirtf  of  ye  said  ban  cloth  like  vnto  sackring  bellf  * 
&  so  sumptuouslie  finished  and  absolutelye  pfitted,  was 
dedicated  to  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  of  intent  &  purpose  that  ye 
same  should  be  alwaies  after  psented  &  carried  to  any 
battell  as  occasio  should  serve,  and  wch  was  (never)1  caryed 
or  shewed  at  any  battell,  but*  by  ye  especiall  grace  of  god 
almightie,  &  ye  mediac'6  of  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  it  browghte 
home  ye  victorie.  Wdl  ban  cloth  after  ye  Dissoluc'6 
[suppression,  H.  45]  of  ye  Abbey  fell  in  to  ye  possessio  of 
one  Deane  Whittingha,*  whose  wife  called  Katherin  being 
a  freanche  woma  (as  is  most  credablely  reported  by  those 


'  Not  in  Roll,  inserted  sent  it  do  iiinnii  in  Cos.  MS.  ;  "which  was  carried 
and  shewed  at  any  battell  by  yc  especiall,'*  etc.,  H.  44  ;  the  passage  is 
condensed  in  H.  45;  L.,  C,  and  editions  have,  rightly,  "  never— but,"  etc. 


AN    ANCIENT    MEMORIAL.  27 

wch  weare  eye  wittnesses)  did   most  iniuriously  burne*  &    ^°J'« 

......  '  a     C.    I  faOO. 

cosume  yc  same  in  hir  lire  in  the  notable  contempt  iv 
disgrace  of  all  auncyent  cS:  goodly  Reliques.  Further  on 
the  West  syd  of  ye  Citie  of  Durhm  there  was  a  most  notable 
famous  &  goodly  larg  Cross  of  stone  worke  erected  &  sett 
vppe  to  ye  bono  of  god  &  for  yc  victorie  had  thereof, 
shortly  after  ye  battell  of  Durh™  in  ye  same  place  where  yc 
battel!  was  fowghte  called  &  knowen  by  ye  name  of 
Xeivellt'  Crosse*  \vch  was  sett  vpp  at  ye  cost  and  charg(J  of 
the  Lo  :  Raph  Xevell  being  one  of  yc  most  excellent  and 
cheiffe  in  ye  said  battell  &  feild,  wch  crosse  had  7  step!' 
aboute  yt  euy  way  .  4 .  squared  to  ye  Sockett  that  the  stalke 
of  yc  crosse  did  stand  in,  wch  Sockett  was  mayd  fast  to  a  .  4  . 
squared  brod  stone,  being  ye  sole  or  bottom  stone  of  a  large 
thicknes  that  yL>  sockett  dyd  stand  vpo  wch  is  a  yeard  &  a 
half  square  about  euy  way,  wch  stone  was  one  of  ye  steppes 
&  ye  viij°  in  number.  Also  ve  said  Sockett  was  maid  fast 
wth  Iro  &  lead  to  ye  sole  stone  in  euy  syde  of  y°  Corn  of  ye 
said  sockett  stone  wdl  was  .  3 .  quarters  deppe  &  a  yerd  &  a 
quarter  square  about  euy  way.  And  yc  stalke  of  ye  crosse 
goinge  vpward  Conteyned  in  length  .  3 .  yerdf  &  a  halfe  vp 
to  ye  Bosse,  being  viij°  square  about  all  of  one  holl  (24) 
peece  of  stone  from  ye  Sockett  yl  yt  did  stand  in,  to  the  bosse 
aboue,  into  ye  wch  Bosse  ye  said  stalke  was  deply  sowdered 
wth  lead  &  sowder.  And  in  ye  mydest  of  yc  stalke  in  etiy 
second  square  was  yc  Xevellf  crosse*  in  a  scoutchio  being  \'L' 
Lo  :  Xevells  armes  fynely  cut  out  &  wrought  in  ye  said  stalke 
of  stone.  Also  yc  nether  end  [part,  Cos.]  of  ye  stalke  was 
soudered  depe  in  ve  hole  of  ve  sockett  v1  it  did  stand  in  \vlh 
lead  &  sowder,  and  at  euy  of  ye  .  4  .  Cornt  of  yc  said  Sockett 
belowe  was  one  of  ye  pictures  of  yc  •  4  ■  evangelist^*  being 
Mathewe,  Marke,  Luke,  &  Johne,  verie  fynly  sett  forth 
&  carved  in  stone  mason  worke,  and  on  ye  hight  of  vc  said 
stalke  did  stand  a  moste  large  fyne  Bosse  of  stone,  being 
.8.  square  Rownde  about  fynly  cut  out  &  bordered  & 
Diveylous  Curiously  wrought.  And  in  etiv  square  of  v° 
neither  syde  of  the  bosse  in  y°  mason  worke  was  vc 
Xeivells  Crosse  in  a  scutchio  in  one  square,  &  ye  Bulls 
head*    having    no    scutchio    in    an     other    square,    &    so 


28  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Ro,1>  contynued  [conteined,  Cos.]  in  euy  square  after  ye  same 
°"  sorte  Rownd  about  ye  Bosse,  &  on  ye  hight  of  the  said 
Bosse  having  a  stalke  of  stone  being  a  crosse  standing  a 
li tie  higher  then  the  rest  wch  was  sowdered  deply  wth  lead 
&  sowder  into  ye  holl  of  ye  said  bosse  aboue,  wheron  was 
fynely  cut  out  &  pictured  on  both  sydes  of  ye  stalke  of  the 
said  Crosse  the  picture  of  o  savio  christ  crucified  wth  his 
armes  stretched  abrod,  his  hand\  nayled  to  ye  crosse  and 
his  feete  being  naled  vpo  ye  stalke  of  ye  said  crosse  belowe, 
almost  a  qMer  of  a  yerd  from  aboue  ye  Bosse,  wth  the 
picture  of  or  Lady  the  blessed  Virgen  Mary  of  ye  one  syde 
of  him  &  the  picture  of  Sl  John  the  Evangeliste  on  yc 
other  syde  most  pitifully  lamenting  &  beholding  his 
tormlf  aud  cruell  deathe  standinge  both  on  ye  highte  of  ye 
said  Bosse.  All  wch  pictures  was  very  artificially  & 
curiously  wrought  all  together  &  fynly  carved  out  of  one 
hole  entyre  stone  some  pt  therof  thorowgh  carved  worke 
both  on  yc  east  syde  &  ye  west  syde  of  ye  said  crosse,  wlh  a 
cover  of  stone  likewise  oil  there  headf  being  all  most  fynly 
&  curiously  wrought  to  gether  out  of  ye  said  holl  stone, 
wch  cover  of  stone  was  coiled  all  oil  very  fynly  wth  lead. 
And  also  in  token  and  remebrance  of  ye  said  battell  of 
Durhm  &  to  yc  ppetuall  memory  &  hone  of  ye  L.  Nevell 
and  his  posteritie  for  e\i  &1  was2  temed  by  the  title  &  name 
of  Neivelli  crosse  ;  wch  so  did  there  stande  &  remayne 
most  notorious  to  all  passingers  till  of  laite  in  ye  yeare  of 
o'  L.  god  1589.  in  ye  nighte  tyme  ye  same  was  broken 
downe  &  defaced  by  some  lewde  &  contemptuous  wicked 
(25)  psons  there  vnto  encouraged  (as  it  semed)  [seemeth, 
Cos.]  by  some  who  loveth  christe  ye  worse  for  ye  crosse 
sake,  as  vtterly  &  spitefullie  dispising  all  aucyent  cere- 
monies and  monum'f. 

And  further  in  ye  said  place  called  the  Read  hillf  lying 
on  yc  north  syde  of  ye  said  neivellf  crosse,  a  litle  distant 
from  a  pece  of  grownd  called  ye  flashe*  aboue  a  close  lying 
hard  by  north  Chilton  poole*  and  on  yc  north  side  of  ye 
hedge  where  ye  maydes  bower*  had  wont  to  be  where  ye 


1  MSS.  Cos.,  L.,  C,  and  H.  44  have  "and,"  but  editions  have  "it." 
-  The  words  "posteritie"  to  "was"  are  repeated  at   a  joining  of  the 
paper. 


AN    ANCIENT    MEMORIAL.  29 

said  por*  &  Mounkf  standings  &  making  ther  praiers  to  Ro,1i 
god  wth  y*  liolie  Relicke  of  Sl  Cuthbcrt  during  V  tyme  of 
ye  said  battel  1,  &  after  ye  said  battel  1  finished  &  victorie 
atchived  [there,  Dav.]  was  erected  &  sett  vp  by  yL'  said 
por  &  Mounkf  a  faire  crosse  of  Wood*  in  yc  same  place 
where  thev  standing  wth  yv  holie  Relike  made  ther  praiers 
in  token  &  Remembrance  of  ye  said  holy  Relique  of  Sl 
Cuthb  :  wch  they  carved  to  ye  battell,  wch  being  a  faire 
crosse  of  wood  fynely  wrought  &  verie  larg  &  of  highte 
two  yeardf  wch  there  long  stoode  &  contynued  by  y 
remembrance  of  many  now  lyving,  wher  ye  said  P'or  and 
Mounkf  eu  after,  in  memory  of  the  said  holy  Relique 
after  the  said  victorie  atchived  dyd  (in  there  tymes  of 
recreac'6  as  they  went  and  came  to  &  from  Bearepke"  to  ye 
Monasterie  and  Abbey  of  Durhm)  make  there  humble  and 
sollemne  praiers  to  god  and  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  at  the  foote  of 
ye  said  crosse*  in  ppetuall  prays  &  memory  for  ye  said 
(victory)1  and  recoverie  of  the  said  battell.  Tyll  it  was 
nowe  of  laite  wthin  thes  xxxv°  yeres  soddenly  defaced  & 
throwne  downe  by  some  lewde  disposed  psonns,  who 
dispised  the  antiquetie  and  worthynes  of  monumentt  after 
the  suppressio  of  Abbeys,  and  the  collection  of  this 
memoriall  Antiquetie  was  in  the  yeare  of  (our)  Lord  god 
A  thowsand  five  hundreth  Nyntie  &  thre. 

John  Fossour*  was  the  first*  por  that  eu  attempted  to 
be  buried  wthin  the  abbey  church  out  of  the  Centorie  garth* 
he  was  buryed  in  the  North  plage  [vnder  the  North 
window  in  ye  Lanterne  Alley,  H.  45]  before  the  alter  of  Sl 
Nicholas  and  Sl  Giles,  being  the  last  of  the  iij  Alters  in 
the  North  plage  toward  f  the  North,  [ye  furthest  North  of 
ye  former  before  named,  H.  45J  over  whome  was  laid  a 
curyous  and  sumptuous  nible  stone  [beinge  coiled  wlh  a 
faire  Marble  stone,  H.  45J  which  he  had  prepared  in  his 
liffe  tyme  ingraven  in  Brasse  with  his  owne  linage  and 
Immagerie  Wourke  [in  brasse,  Cos.]  upo  yt,  with  the  xij 
apostiles  devided  and  bordered  of  either  syde  of  him  w1'1 
there  pictures  in  Brasse. 

*  This  word  is  partly  destroyed  and  not  legible  in  the  Roll,  but  what  is 
left  hardly  looks  "  victory,"  which  is  the  reading  of  MSS.  Cos.,  L.,  C,  and 
H.  44,  and  of  the  editions, 


30  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roil,   (26)      (XVI.)    The  South  Allev  of  ve  Lantren.* 

C.    IOOO. 

Johne  Hemmyngbrowghe,*  por  of  Durhm,  lieth 
buried  in  ye  south  plage  on  the  right  hand  as  yow  goe  to 
ye  Revestre  vnder  a  faire  nible  stone,  with  his  picture 
Curiouslie  ingrave  vpo  it,  (having  the  xij  Apostles 
pictured,  of  either  syde  of  hym  vj°  in  brasse  with  other 
Imagerie  woorke  aboue  his  head),  before  the  alter  of  our 
Ladye,  alias  Howghels  Alter,*  being  the  first  of  the  iij 
alters  in  ye  south  plage  [in  ye  walke,  H.  45]. 

Will'm  Ebchester*  Prior  of  Durhm  lyethe  buryed  in  the 
south  alley  vnder  a  faire  marble  stone  before  the  Ladie  of 
Boultons  alter,*  wth  his  vercis  or  epetath  ingraven  vpon 
the  saide  stone  in  Brasse,  which  stone  was  taiken  vp  there 
&  removed,  and  lyeth  nowe  before  the  queir  door,  the  said 
alter  being  ye  second  of  ye  iij  alters  in  that  plage  oil  ye 
wch  alter  was  a  m'veylous  lyvelye  and  bewtifull  linage  of 
the  picture  of  our  Ladie  socalled  the  Lady  of  boultone, 
whiche  picture  was  maide  to  open  wth  gynif  [2  leaves,  H. 
45]  from  her  breaste  [breasts,  Cos.]  downdward.  And  wth 
in  ye  said  image  was  wrowghte  and  pictured  the  linage  of 
our  saviour,*  nivevlouse  fynlie  gilted  houldinge  vppe  his 
handes,  and  holding  betwixt  his  handes  a  fair  &  large 
crucifix  of  christ  all  of  sold,  the  whiche  Crucifix  was  to  be 
taiken  fourthe  eiiy  good  fridaie,*  and  eiiy  man  [Moncke, 
H.  45]  did  crepe  vnto  it  that  was  in  yl  churche  as  that 
Dave.  And  ther  after  vt  was  houng  vpe  againe  within  the 
said  immage  and  eiiy  principall  Daie  the  said  immage 
was  opened  that  euy  man  might  se  pictured  within  her, 
the  father,  the  sonne,  and  the  holy  ghost,  moste  curiouslye 
and  fynely  gilted.  And  both  the  sides  wthin  her  verie 
fynely  vernyshed  with  grene  vernishe  and  flowres  of 
goulde  whiche  was  a  goodly  sighte  for  all  the  behoulders 
therof,  and  vpo  the  stone  that  she  did  stand  on  in  under* 
was  drawen  a  faire  crosse  vpo  a  scutchon  cauled  the 
Neivellf  cross  the  wch  should  signyfye  that  the  neivells 
hath  borne  the  charges  of  ytt. 

Robert  Ebchester*  P'or  of  Durhm  lyeth  buriede  vnder  a 
faire  nible  stone  with  his  picture  and  his  versis  frome  the 
waiste  vpe  in  brass  before  the  said  La:  Boulton  alter. 


TIIK    SOUTH    ALLEY    OF   THE    LANTERN.  3 1 

Next  to  the  Lady  of  Bowltons  alter  on  the  southe  was    Roll, 
Sacte  fides  alter  and  Sacte  Thomas  thapostelf  beinge  the  L' 
thirde  alter  in  the  south  plage. 

There  ys  [was,  II.  45;  is,  L.,  C]  a  Lybrarie*  in  the  south 
angle  of  the  Lantren  whiche  is  nowe  above  the  Clocke* 
standinge  betwixt  (27)  the  Chapter  house  and  the  Te  Deuni 
wyndowe  being  well  Replenished'  with  ould  written 
Docters  and  other  histories  and  ecclesiasticall  writers. 

In  the  north  end  of  ye  allei  of  the  Lantrene  ther  is  a 
goodlie  faire  larg  &  lightsum  glass  wyndowe  havinge 
in  it  xij  faire  long  pleasant  &  most  bewtifull  lights  being 
maid  &  buylte  wlh  fyne  stone  &  glas  wch  in  the  ould 
tyme  was  gone  to  decaie,  and  ye  por  at  that  tyme  called  por 
castell,  dide  Renewe  it,  &  did  buylt  yt  all  vp  enowgh 
againe  called  the  Wyndowe  of  the  iiij  Docters*  of  ye 
churche  wch  hath  vj  long  fair  lightf  of  glas  in  yc  upp 
pte  of  ye  said  wyndowe  [of  the  upper  parts  in  the  same 
window,  Cos.],  And  therin  is  pictured  or  blessed  Ladie 
wth  ye  picture  of  or  savio  christ  in  her  armes,  and  the 
picture  of  holie  Sacte  Cuthb:  of  ye  weste  syde  of  her 
both  wch  pictures  standing  in  ye  myds  of  ye  said  wyndowe 
in  most  fyne  coulored  glass,  and  of  ye  east  syde  of  o' 
Ladie  is  ij  of  ye  Docters  of  ye  church  pictured,  &  other 
ij  of  ye  Docters  pictured  on  the  west  syde  of  Sacte  Cuth : 
all  being  larg  pictures  &  verie  fynely  &  curiouslie  sett 
furth  in  fyne  coulored  glas.  And  ye  picture  of  por 
castell  who  did  make  ye  hole  coste  of  vc  buylding  of  ve 
said  windowe  both  of  stone  and  glasse  as  is  aforesaid, 
sytting  on  his  kneis  in  fyne  blewe  glas  in  his  habitt,  & 
holding  vp  his  handes  to  or  Ladie  vnder  ye  feete  of  vL'  said 
blessed  virgin  marie  whose  I m mage  standing  abovee  (?) 
his  heade  savinge  [sayinge,  Cos.  ;  saying,  L.,  C,  H.  44,  and 
edd.|  Virgo  mater  dei  miserere  mei.  And  other  vj 
faire  leightt"  in  the  foresaid  wyndowe  vnder  or  Ladie, 
Sacte  Cuthb:  &  y«  foresaid  Docters  beneth  theme  being 
verie  fynly  glaised  wth  '  all  ye  instrument  of  Christf  death 
sett  in  rownde  [redd  coulered,  H.  45  ;  round,  L.,  C.J  glasse 
<S:  wrowghte  in  fyne  coulours  in  the  said  glasse  wyndowe, 
being  all   but  one  wyndowe 

1  "  d)  iu-t(    armes  "  erased. 


32  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

[which  has  a  Stone  Gallery  the  breadth  of  the  thickness 
of  the  Wall  at  the  division  of  the  superiour  Lights  from 
the  inferiour,  affording  a  Passage  into  the  Roof  of  the 
Sacrists  Exchequer,  and  is  supported  by  the  Partitions  of 
the  Lights  made  strong,  and  equally  broad  with  the 
Gallrey.  Hunter  s  and  Sanderson 's  editions]. 
Roll,  Also  in  ye  southe  end  of  the  allei  of  ve  Lantren  aboue 
c.  1600.  ye  clocke  there  is  a  faire  large  glasse  wyndowe  Caulede 
the  Te  deum  wyndowe*  veri  fair  glased  accordinge  as 
eiiy  verse  of  Te  deu  is  song  or  saide,  so  is  it  pictured  in 
ye  wyndowe  verie  fynly  and  curiouslie  wrowghte  in  fyne 
colored  glass  wth  all  ye  nyne  order  of  Angells,*  viz1  Thrones, 
Dominations,  Cherubins,  etc.  [viz1  Thrones  Dominac'ons 
Cherubims  Seraphi  Angells  Archangells,  H.  45]  wth  ye 
pictur  of  Christ  as  he  was  vpon  ye  cross  crucified,  &  ye 
blessed  Virgin  Marie  wth  crist  in  her  armes  as  he  was 
borne.     (28) 

(XVII.)     Thes  Monnumentes  followinge  weer  placede 

from    ye    Lantrene    in    ye    mydest  of  ye   churche 

in    there    Seuall    places     till     yowe 

come    to    ye    west    ende     of    ye    churche 

ioyninge     vpo    ye     Galleleie. 

In  the  body  of  ye  churche  betwixt  two  of  ye  hiest  pillors 
supportinge  &  holding  vp  ye  west  syde  of  ye  Lanterne 
oil  against  ye  quere  dore,  ther  was  an  alter  called  Jesus 
alter  where  Jh'us  mess*  was  song  euy  fridaie  thorowe  out 
ye  whole  yere.  And  of  ye  backsyde  of  ye  saide  alter  there 
was  a  faire  high  stone  wall*  and  at  either  end  of  ye  wall 
there  was  a  dore  wch  was  lockt  euy  night  called  ye  two 
Roode  Dores*  for  ye  psessio  to  goe  furth  and  come  in  at, 
&  betwixt  those  ij  dores  was  Jh'us  alter  placed  as  is  affore- 
saide,  &  at  either  ende  of  ye  alter  was  closed  vp  wth  fyne 
wainscott  like  vnto  a  porch*  adioyni'ge  to  eyther  roode 
dore  verie  fynely  vnished  wth  fyne  Read  vnishe  and  in 
ye  wainscott  at  ye  south  end  of  ye  alter  ther  was  iiij  faire 
almeries,  for  to  locke  ye  chalices  &  sylver  crewettf  wth  two 
or  thre  sewtt  of  vestm'f*  &  other  omamlf  belonging  to  ye 


MONUMENTS    IN    THE    NAVE.  33 

said  alter  for  ye  holie  daies  &  pncipall  daies,  &  in  ye  north  Roll, 
end  of  tlialter  in  v  wainscott  there  was  a  dore  to  come  in 
to  y  said  porch  and  a  locke  on  yt  to  be  lockt  both  daie 
and  nighte  :  Also  yer  was  standing  on  ye  alter  against  v 
wall  aforesaid  a  moste  curiouse  &  fine  table*  wth  ij  leues 
to  open  &  clos  againe  all  of  ye  hole  Passio  of  o1  Lord  Jesus 
christ  most  richlye  &  curiously  sett  furth  in  most  lyvelie 
coulors  all  like  ye  burni'ge  gold,  as  he  was  tormented  &  as 
he  honge  on  ye  cross  wch  was  a  most  lamentable  sighte  to 
beholde.  The  wch  table  was  alwaies  lockt  vp  but  onely  on 
pncipall  daies.  Also  ye  fore  pte  of  ye  said  porch  fro  y 
vtmoste  corn1'  of  ye  porch  to  ye  other,  ther  was  a  dore  wth 
two  brode  leves*  to  ope  fro  syde  to  syde,  all  of  fyne  ioined 
&  through  carved  worke.  The  hight  of  yl  was  sumthinge 
aboue  a  mans  brest  &  in  the  highte  of  ye  said  dore,  yl  was 
all  stricke  full  of  Irone  pikf"  yl  no  ma  shold  clyme  oil  wch 
dore  did  hing  all  in  gym't  &  claspf  in  ye  insyde  to 
claspe  theme.  And  on  ye  pncipall  daies  when  any 
of  y  mounkf  said  mess  at  that  alter,  then  ye  table  was 
opened  wch  did  stand  on  ye  alter,  and  ye  dore  wth  two 
leves  wch  stoode  in  ye  fore  pte  of  ye  said  closett  or 
porch  was  sett  open  also  that  euy  ma  might  come 
in  &  se  ye  said  table  in  man1  and  forme  as  (29)  is 
aforesaid.  Also  there  was  in  ye  hight  of  ye  said  wall 
fro  piller  to  piller  ve  whole  storie  &  passio  of  o1  Lord 
wrowghte  in  stone  most  curiously  &  most  fynely  gilte,  and 
also  aboue  v1'  said  storie  &  passio  was  all  ye  whole  storie  & 
pictures  of  ye  xij  apostles  verie  artificiallye  sett  furth  & 
verie  fvnelie  gilte  contening  frome  ye  one  piller  to  thother, 
wrowght  verie  curiouslie  &  artificially  in  ye  said  stone, 
and  on  ye  hight  aboue  all  thes  foresaide  storyes  frome  piller 
to  piller  was  sett  vp  a  border  very  artificially  wrowght 
in  stone  wth  m'velous  fyne  coulers  verie  curiouslie  t\: 
excellent  fynly  gilt  wth  branches  &  flow  res  y'  more  that  a 
ma  did  looke  on  it  ye  more  [desires  he  had,  and  the  greater, 
Dav.  \  was  his  afTectio  to  behold  yt,  y('  worke  was  so  fynely 
&  curiously  wroughte  in  y('  said  stone  yl  it  cold  not  be 
fynelyer  wrowght  in  any  kynde  ol  other  mettell,  and  also 
aboue  y  hight  of  all  vpo  ye  waule  did  stande  yc  most 
goodly  &  famous    Roode   yl   was  in  all   this   land,  \vth  v 


34  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  picture  of  Marie  on  thone  syde,  &  ye  picture  of  John  on 
thother,  wth  two  splendent  &  glisteringe  archangelf  one  on 
thone  syde  of  Mary,  &  ye  other  of  yc  other  syde  of  Johne, 
so  what  for  ye  fairness  of  yL'  wall  ye  staitlynes  of  ye  pictures 
&  ye  lyuelyhoode  of  ye  paynting  it  was  thowght  to  be  one 
of  yL>  goodliest  monum'f'  in  that  church. 

Also  on  ye  backsyde  of  ye  said  Rood  before  ye  queir  dore 
there  was  a  Loft,*  &  in  ye  south  end  of  ye  said  loft  y° 
clocke"  dvd  stand,  &  in  vnder  ye  said  loft  by  ye  wall  there 
was  a  long  forme  wch  dyd  reche  fro  ye  one  Roode  dore  to 
yp  other,  where  me  dyd  sytt*  to  rest  theme  selves  on  &  say 
there  praiers  &  here  devyne  svice. 

Also  euy  frydaie  at  nyghte  after  that  ye  evinsong  was 
done  in  ye  queir  there  was  an  anthem  song  in  ye  bodye  of 
ye  church  before  ye  foresaid  Jh'us  alter  called  Jesus  anthe* 
wch  was  song  eiiy  frvdaie  at  nvght  thorowghe  out  ye  whole 
yere  by  ve  m1  of  the  quiresters  &  deacons  of  yc  said  church, 
and  when  it  was  done  then  ye  quirest'T  did  singe  an  other 
anthe  by  them  selues  sytting  on  there  kneis  all  ye  tyme  that 
ther  anthem  was  in  singing  before  ye  said  Jesus  alter  wch 
was  verie  devoutly  song  euy  fridaie  at  nyghte  by  ye  toulling 
of  one  of  ye  Gallelei  Belles.* 

i.  Thomas  Castell*  por  of  Durhm  lyeth  burved  vnder 
a  faire  mrble  stone  in  ye  body  of  ye  church  being  pictured 
fro  ye  waiste  vp  in  Brass  in  yc  mydest  of  yc  stone  wth  his 
vercis  or  epitath  vpo  yt  before  Jesus  alter  wher  there  was 
on  yc'  north  syde  betwixt  two  pillers  a  looft  for  ye  m1'  & 
quiresters  to  sing  Jesus  mess  euy  fridaie  conteyni'ge  a  (30) 
paire  of  orgaines"  to  play  on,  &  a  fair  desk  to  lie  there 
bookes  on  in  tyme  of  dyvin  svice. 

2.  Johane  Awckland*  prio1',  lyethe  burved  wthin  the 
Abbey  church  of  Durhm. 

3.  John  Burrnbie*  por  of  Durh"1,  lieth  burved  vnder  a 
fair  m'ble  stone  pictured  in  brass  from  ye  waiste  vp  beneth 
ye  north  dour  in  yL'  mydest  of  ye  church  not  much  distant 
fro  vr  m'ble  cross  wlh  his  verces*  or  epitath  adioyninge 
therto. 


THE    FERETORY.  35 

There  is  betwixt  v(>  piller  o(  v  north  syde  wdl  y  holie  Ro11. 
Water  stone  did  stand  in,  &  y-  piller  that  standeth  oil 
against  yt  of  y  south  syde,  fro  thone  of  theme  to  y  other 
a  Rowe  of  blewe  m'ble,  &  in  v  mvdest  of  y('  said  Row 
ther  is  a  eross  of  blewe  m'ble,  in  toke  yl  all  women  that 
came  to  here  devine  svice  should  not  be  suffered  to  come 
aboue  vc  said  cross,  and  if  it  chaunced  yl  anv  women  to 
come  aboue  it  wthin  y  body  of  ye  church,  thene,  straighte 
waxes  she  was  taiken  awaie  and  punshede  for  certaine 
daies  because  there  was  neu  women  came  where  ye  holie  ma 
S-'cte  Cuthb  :  was,  for  v  Reuence  thei  had  to  his  sacred 
bodie. 

Also  yf  any  woma  chauched  to  come  wthin  ye  abei  gaitf  or 
wlhin  any  psvnckt  of  ve  house,  yf  she  had  bene  sene  but 
her  lenth  wthin  anv  place  of  ye  saide  house,  she  was  taken 
&  sett  fast  and  punished  to  gyve  example  to  all  others  for 
doyng  ye  Like.1 

(XVIII.)     The  causes  wherfore*  women  may  not  cu  to 

the  fferretere  of  Sl  Cuth  :   nor  to  enter  within  ye 
q  .  .  . 

pcinct  annexed  in  y"  monasterye. 

There  are  dyuf  bookes  written  of  ye  lvffe  &  miracles  of 
that  holy  Confesso'  Cuthbert  ptlie  written  by  the  Irishe, 
ptly  by  english  men,  and  ptlie  by  scottishe  men,  being 
not  able  to  comphend  ye  same  in  one  worke.  For  as 
venerable  beede  reporteth  in  the  Prologge  of  his  booke  wch 
he  wrote  of  ye  liffe  &  miracles  of  Sl  Cuth:  that  there  weare 
many  other  thingf  nothing  inferior  to  those  wch  he  wrote 
of  yc  liffe  and  vertews  of  that  blessed  ma,  wrch  weare  related 
vnto  him,  and  weare  commaunded  to  be  had  in  ppetuall 
memory,  wch  woorkes  thowghe  they  weare  not  pfectlv 
&  delyberatlie  finished  yt  was  thought  vnfitt  &  inconvenient 
to  insert  or  adde  any  newe  matter,  of  wch  bookf  there  is 
one  Intituled,*  of  the  cumyng  of  Sl  Cuth:  into  Scotland, 
taiken  (31)  furth  of  the  scottishe  histories  wherevpofi 
emongh  other  thingf  is  sett  downe  the  solitarie  conversatio 
of  the  said  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  in  this  manr  as  follow11'. 


1   Here  follows,  in  the  Roll,  at  a  joining-  of  the  paper,  the  beginning  of  the 
heading  of  ch.  xix,  erased. 


36  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  Blessed  S1  Cuthb:   for  a   long  tyme  led  a  [most,    Cos.] 

"    solitarie  liffe  in  the  borders  of  ye  Pictf,*  to  wch  place  great 

concourse  of   people   daly   vsed   to    visitt    him,   and    from 

whome,  (by  the  evidence  &  grace  of  god)  neu  any  returned 

wthout  great  cumforth   and   consolatio  :    this   caused    both 

yong  &  old  to  resorte  vnto  him,  taking  great  pleasure  both 

to  se  him,  &  to  heare  him  speake.      In  ye  meane  tyme  yt 

chanced  yl  the  dawghter  of  y°  Kinge  of  that  pvince  was 

gott  (with)1  child  by  some  yong  ma  in  her  fathers  house 

whose    belly    swelling   wlh    her   birth,    wch    when    y°   king 

pceyved,  dyligently  examened  her  who  was  the  author  of 

yl    fact,     vpo    dewe    examynatio    wherof    she    maid    this 

answere.     That  solitarie  young  ma  who  dwelleth  hereby 

is  he  who  hath  overcu  me,  and  wth  whose  bewty  I  am  thus 

disceived,  wherevpo  ye  king  furiouslye  enradged  presentlie 

repayred    wth    his    deflowred    dawghter    accumpaned    wth 

dyur    knyghtes   vnto  ye  solitary  place  where  he  psentlie 

spake  vnto  ye  svaunt  of  god  in  this  raann.    What  are  thowe 

he,  who  vnder  ve  cullour  of  Relligio  pphanest  ye  Temple 

&  Sanctuarie  of  god.     art  thowe  he  who  vnder  ye  title  & 

pfessio   of  a   solytarie  liffe    exerciseste   all   filthines   of  ye 

world  in  Incest,     behould  here  is  my  dawghter  whom  thowe 

with  thy  deceitf  hast  corrupted,   not  fearing  to  make  her 

dishonest,  therefore  now  at  ye  last  openly  confesse  this  thy 

fait,    and   plainly  declaire  heare   before    this  cumpany   in 

what  sorte  thow  seduced  her.     the  kinges  dawghter  mark- 

inge   ye   ferce    speaches    of    her   father,    more    impodetlye 

stepped  furth  and  bouldly  affirmed  that  it  was  he  wch  had 

done  that  wicked  deade.     At  wch  thing  yc  yoiig  ma  greatly 

amased  pceiving  that  this  forgery  pceeded  by  the  instigac'6 

of  ye  Devell  wherw1'1  he  being  browght  into  a  great  pplexetie, 

applying    his    whole    hart    vnto    almightie    god    said    as 

followeth.     My    Lord    my   god,    who   onely    knowest,    and 

art  ye  sercher  of  all  secrettf ,  make  manifest  also  [all,  H.  45] 

this   worke   of    iniquetie,    and   by    some  example  approve 

y'     same,    wch    thowgh    yl    cannott    be    done    by    humane 

pollecye,  make  it  manifest  by  some  dyvine  Oracle.     When 

as  y1' younge  man  wth  grevous  [greate,  Cos.]  lamentations 


■   Omit  led  in  MS. 


THE    NORTH    ALLEY.  37 

&  teares,  incredible  to  be  reported,  hadde  spoken  tbes  Rol 
wordf,  evin  soddenlie  in  ye  selfe  same  place  wher  she  stod 
yc  earth  ther  making  a  hissing  noyse  psentlie  opened,  and 
.swallowed  her  vpe  in  y  psence  of  all  y  beholders.  This 
place  is  cauled  Corwen  where  she  for  her  corruptio  was 
conveyed  and  caried  into  hell.  So  (32)  sone  as  ye  king 
pceived  this  miraculous  chaunce  to  happen  in  yc  psence  of 
all  his  cumpany,  began  to  be  greatlie  tormented  in  his 
mynd,  fearing  least  throwghe  his  threates,  he  should  him 
selfe  encur  ye  like  punyshment  :  Wherevpo  he  wth  all  his 
cumpany  humbly  craving  pdon  of  almightie  god,  wlh 
further  desire  and  petic'on  to  that  good  ma  Sl  Cuthb  : 
that  by  his  payers  he  would  crave  at  gods  handf  to  haue 
his  dawghter  again,  to  wch  petie'd  the  said  holie  father 
graunted  vpo  condic'6  that  no  woman  after  yx  should  haue 
Resorte  vnto  him,  wherevpo  it  came*  that  yc  king  did  not 
suffer  anv  woma  to  enter  into  any  church  dedecated  to  y' 
Sl  vV*  to  this  daie  is  dewly  obsved  in  all  ye  churches  of  ye 
Pictt'  W*  weare  dedicated  to  ye  hono*   of  that  holie  ma. 

(XIX.)     The  northe  alley  of  ye  bodie  of  ye  Churche. 

In  ye  north  allei  fro  ye  north  church  dor  to  ye  crose 
allei  in  yc  myd(J  of  ye  church  called  yc  lantren  alley  where 
ye  lantren  standeth  in  y°  entrance  of  ye  end  of  ye  said 
north  allie  into  ye  said  lanterne  allie  fro  piller  to  piller  yer 
was  a  trellesdoure*  wdl  did  ope  &  close  wlh  two  leves 
like  vnto  a  falden  dor,  &  aboue  ye  said  dor,  it  was  likewaies 
trellessed  almoste  to  yc  hight  of  ye  valt  above,  &  on  ye 
highte  of  yc  said  trellesse  was  strike  full  of  Iro  pik("  of 
a  q^ter  of  a  yerd  long  to  thentent  yl  none  should  clyme 
oil  it,  &  was  eu  more  lockt  &  neu  opened  but  of  ye 
holie  daies,  or  of  such  daies  as  there  was  any  psessio. 
&  likewis  v  north  Rude  dor  \veh  was  of  thother  svde  of  vL' 
piller  at  ye  north  end  of  Jesus  alter  was  neu  oppened  but 
when  there  was  any  pssessions. 

There1  was  two  faire  Hallewater  stones"  belonging  to  y 
abei  church  of  Durisme  all  of  verie  faire  blewe  nible,  the 


1O00. 


1  A  new  hand  ami  somewhat  different  spelling,  <'■&■.  "dour"  for  "dor," 
ami  "  Durisme,"  begin  here.     In  some  cases  words  nave  been  altered  in 

different  ink,  thus  "  abei  "  t«'  "  abey,"  "  Pieties  "  to  "  Pitties,"  etc. 


38  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  fairest  of  them  stoode  wthin  ye  northe  church  dour  oil 
against  y°  said  dour,  being  wrowghte  in  yc  Corn  of  ye 
piller  next  adioyning  to  yc  Lady  of  Pieties  alter",  of  the  leaft 
hand  as  yea  turn  into  yc  gallelei,  having  a  verie  fair 
skreene*  of  wayscott  oil  heade,  fynely  painted  wth  blewe, 
&  litle  gilted  starres,  being  keapt  veri  clene,  and  alwaies 
.pvyded  wth  fresh  water  (against  eiiy  sonnday  morning),  by 
two  of  yc  bell  Ringers  or  servitors  of  yc  church,  wherin 
one  of  ye  Mounckf  did  hallow*  yc  said  water  veri  early  in 
ye  morninge  befor  devine  service. 

The  other  stood*  wlhin  yc  south  church  dour  [right  agl 
(33)  itt  near  ye  south  doore,  H.  45],  not  altogether  so 
curyouse  yet  all  of  fyne  blewe  nible,  beinge  verie  decentlie 
keapt  in  ye  same  man  wlh  freshe  water  eiiy  sonndaie  mor- 
ninge by  ye  said  bell  Ringers  or  servitoures  of  ye  church, 
wherin  (so  in  Cos.  ;  where  in,  L.)  like  sorte  one  of  ye 
Mounkf  did  hallow  the  said  water  veri  early  in  yc 
morninge  before  Dyvine  svice.  The  one  of  theme  vi^ 
that  at  ye  south  dour  servinge  yc  P  or  &  all  yc  covent 
wth  ye  whole  house.  The  other  at  the  northe  dor,  (being 
ioyned  into  ye  piller)  servinge  all  those  that  came  that 
waie  to  here  Divyne  svice.1 

Ther  was  Betwixt  two  pillers  on  ye  leaft  hand  in  the 
north  allie  as  yow  tourne  into  ye  galleley  from  ye  northe 
church  dour  or  Lady  of  pieties  alter,*  being  inclosed  of 
either  syde  wth  fyne  waynscott,  wth  ye  picture  of  o  Lady 
carving  o'  saviour  on  her  knee  as  he  was  taiken  from  yc 
crosse  verey  lamentable  to  behoulde. 

Then  on  ye  right  hand  in  ye  said  north  allie  as  yow  goe 
into  ye  galley  vnder  yc  Belfraie  called  ye  gallely  steple 
was  Sacte  saviours  alter*  ye  north  end  of  yc  sayd  alter  stone 
being  wrought  &  inclosed  into  ye  piller  of  ye  waul  from  ye 
first  foundac'6  of  ye  church  (for  mess  to  be  said  at)-  as 
appered  at  yc  defaci nge  therof,  and  Remayneth  there  to  be 
knowne  till  this  day  by  a  corn  of  the  sayd  (altar)2  stone 
not  to  be  pulled  furthe  but  by  breaking  of  yc  wall. 

'  Theheading  i^  repeated  bere,  at  a  joining  of  the  paper. 
Secunda  111  unit. 


I  ill-:    NOR  I  II    ALLEY.  $Q 

In  the  vveste  end  oi  v  church  in  v  north  allie  and  oil  Ro,1« 
y  galleley  dour  tlior  in  a  Belfray  called  the  galleley  steple 
did  hing  iiij  goodly  great  BcllC  wch  was  neu  Rownge 
hut  at  euy  pncipall  feast  or  at  such  other  tymes  as  ye 
Bushop  dyd  come  to  y°  towne.  Euy  sonndav  in  ye  yere 
there  was  a  smo  preched  in  ye  gallely  at  after  none  from 
one  of  v  clocke  till  iij  &  at  xij  of  V  clock  ye  great  Bell  o( 
y  galleley  was  toulled  euy  sonndaie  iij  qSters  of  an  howre 
&  roung  ye  forth  q^ter"  till  one  of  ye  clock,  that  all  ye 
people  of  y  towne  myght  haue  warnyng  to  come  &  here 
\"  worde  of  god  preached.  There  was  certaine  officers* 
pteyni'g  to  ye  said  howse  wch  was  allwayes  charged  when 
so  on  ye  said  Bellf  was  knowlede  to  be  redy  for  yc  Rynging 
ot  theme,  vte  ij  men  of  ye  kitching  was  charged  wth  ye 
Ringing  of  on  Bell,  &  ye  iiij  men  of  ye  church  that  dyd 
lye  allwaves  in  ye  church  was  charged  wth  ye  Ringing  of 
y  third  Bell  ;  &  vj  othere  was  alwaies  charged  wlh  yc 
Rynging  of  the  great  Bell  vijj  ij  of  the  back  howse,  ij  of 
the  Brew  house  &  ij  of  ye  killne.  And  in  ye  latter  dayes 
of  kyng  Henrie  the  eighte"  ye  house  was  supprest,  &  after 
that  tyme  ye  said  Belli'  was  neu  Rounge.  Then  Deane 
Whittingham  (34)  pceyving  theme  not  to  be  occupied  nor 
Rounge  a  great  whyle  before  his  tyme,  was  purposed  to 
haue  taiken  them  downe  and  broken  them  for  other  vses 
[and  make  his  ,pfitt  of  them,  H.  45].  Then  Tho:  Sparke' 
the  Bushopes  Suffrigaine  lying  at  Durh1"  &  kepinge 
howse  there,  at  y°  same  tyme  havinge  Intellegence  what 
\"  Deanes  purpose  was,  dyd  sende  into  Yorkshire  wth  all 
speade  for  a  workeman  &  caused  iij  of  ye  said  Belli',  to  be 
taiken  downe  (ye  iiijth  Bell  Remaynes  ther  still  &  was  neu 
Rounge  svnee  \rt  was  suspent1*)  [ye  other  did  remayne  a 
longe  season  but  yet  after  removed  into  ye  Lantorne,  II. 
45 1  &  caused  them  iij  to  be  hoong  vp  in  y  newe  worke 
called  \tc  lantren  &  maide  a  goodly  chyme*  to  be  sett,  on 
y  said  BellC,  ye  wth  dyd  coste  hi  me  in  charges  Thirtie  or 
fortie  pownd(J,  wch  chyme  endureth  to  this  daie,  or  els  yc 
saide  BellC  had  bene  spoyled  &  defaced.  |But  in  ye  yeare 
1650:  this  Abbey  church  was  made  a  prison  for  y°  Scotts 

'  Oppositi'   to   this   word    in   Comm    Dr.    Hunter   has    placed    the   word 
"  Indicted  "  in  1  he  margin. 


40  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll<  and  quite  defaced  wthin,  for  ther  was  to  yc  Number  4500 
wdl  most  of  them  perished  &  dyed  ther  in  a  very  short 
space  &  were  throwen  into  holes  by  great  Numbers 
together  in  a  most  Lamentable  manner  ;  But  in  ye  yeare 
J^55  ye  Clocke  &  Chyme  was  repay  red  againe  wdl  was 
taken  downe  &  preserved  from  yv  sd  ruyne.      H.  45.] 

(XX.)     The  South  angle    of  yu  Bodie  of  yc  churche. 

Robert  Neivell"  Bushop  of  Durhm  lyeth  buryed  in  his 
aucestors  porch  in  ye  south  allie,  [in  ye  South  Alley  of  yc 
saide  Church  neare  ye  Earle  of  Westmland  his  Ancest'  , 
[H.  45]  nere  vnto  yc  cloyster  dour  on  ye  south,  &  Jesus  alter 
on  yc  northe,  of  the  porch  conteyning  iij  pillers  &  so  moch  of 
yc  angle  having  in  yt  an  alter  wth  a  faire  Allablaster  table" 
above  yt,  where  mess  was  daly  selebrated  for  yel  soules :  and 
therin  a  seate  or  pew  where  ye  por  was  accustomed  to  set  to 
here  Jesus  mess,  yc  est  end  of  the  porche  where  ye  alter  stood 
was  closed  vp  wth  a  litle  stone  wall  sumwhat  hier  then  yc 
alter  &  wainscotted  aboue  ye  wall,  the  west  end  wth  a  litle 
stone  wall  &  an  Iron  grait  on  ye  topp  of  ye  wall,  &  all  yc 
north  syd  towardes  ye  body  of  ye  church  invyroned  wlh 
I  rone.* 

And  also  in  ye  backsyde  behynde  ye  Neivellf  alter  from 
ye  Neivells  alter  to  ye  mydes  of  ya  piller  behinde  ye  church 
doure"  in  Compasse  from  piller  to  piller  ther  was  a  chambre" 
(35)  where  one  yl  keapt  yc  church  &  Rownge  yc  Bell(J  at 
mydnight  did  ly  in,  and  also  all  oil  yc  church  dour  ye 
compasse  of  iiij  pillers,  [two  of  either  syde  interlined]  when 
one  enteryd  wthin  yc  church  doure  was  all  coiled  abouehead 
wth  waynscott  verie  fynely  paynted  &  vnished  blewe  [azure, 
interlined]  of  the  culler  of  ye  Element,  sett  out  wth  starres 
of  goulde.  And  [in  interlined]  ye  forepte  of  yc  wainscott 
from  piller  to  piller  wthin  ye  church  oil  ye  holie  water  stone, 
ther  was  a  brattishing  on  yc  fore  pte  of  yc  wainscott  or 
Rowffe  very  fynely  <&  Curiouslie  wrowght  &  all  gilte  [wlh 
gold,  interlined]  as  fynly1  as  yc  angell,  &  in  yc  mydes"  of  yc 
saide  brattyshi ng  y,ir  was  a  great  starre  of  a  great  Compasse 
like  vnto  ye  sonne  veri  artificially  &  most  Curiouslie  gilt  & 

1  Altered  to  "  fync  "  secunda  manu. 


THK   SANCTUARY.  4 1 

ennamyled  veri  goodly  to  all  ye  beholders  therof,  so  that      Ro,,i 
there  coulde  no  duste  nor  fylthe  faule  into  v  holy  water 
stone   vt  was  so   close  aboue   head,    &   so  elose   wthin    j 
church  doure. 

In  the  west  end  of  this  south  allei  [Angle,  II.  45] 
Betwixt  ye  tow  neithermost  [lowest,  II.  45]  pillers  oppositt 

too  La:  of  Pieties  Alter  titer  was  an  alter  w,h  a  Roode 
repsenting  y*  passion  [of  o  Sauio  ,  H.  45]  having  his 
handes  bounde,  wth  a  erowne  of  thorne  on  his  head,  being 
eoffionlv  called  y  bound  roode,  inclosed"  on  etch  syde  wth 
wainscott  as  was  ye  foresaid  alter  of  o  La:  of  Pietie.1 
[Near  unto  the  said  altar  on  the  south  side,  adjoyning  unto 
the  Galily  door,  was  the  grate"  wherein  the  sanctuary 
countrev  men  were  wont  to  lie  when  they  fled  thither  for 
refuge,  L.,  C.J  [came  for  refuge  to  Sl  Cuthbert,  H.  45]. 

(Xxl    (The  Sanctuary,  h.  Edd.) 

In  the  old  tvme  [ye  florishinge  tvme  of  this  Abbev  the 
Church  wth  the  Church  yard,  H.  45]  longe  before  ye  house 
of  Durhm  was  supprest  the  abei  church  &  all  yc  church 
yard  &  all  the  circuyte  therof*  was  a  Saunctuarie  for  all 
mailer  of  men  vl  had  done  or  comvtted  anv  gret  offence  as 
killing  of  a  ma  in  his  own  defence  or  any  psoners  had 
broken  out  of  pson  <S:  fled  to  yc  said  church  dore  <S: 
knocking  &  Rapping"  at  yt  to  haue  yt  opened  there  was 
sten  me  vl  dvd  lie  alwaies  in  two  chambers  [in  a  Roome. 
II.  45]  oil  yc  (said  north  interlined)  church  dore,  for  ve  same 
purpose  that  when  any  such  offenders  dvd  come  &  knocke, 
streight  waie  they  were  letten  in  at  any  o  of  ve  nvght  cSj 
dyd  Rynne  streight  waie  to  v  gallelei  BelL  &  tould  vt  to 
(36)  thintent  anv  ma  vl  hard  it  might  knowe  vl  there  was 
som  ma  yl  had  taken  Sentrie,  &  when  y  j>or  had 
intellegence  therof,  then  he  dyd  send  word  and  comanding 
them  yl  they  should  keape  theme  selues  wlllin  v  Sauctuarij 
y«  is  to  saie  wthin   v   church  cS:  church   yard  &  eiiv  one  of 


1  Hero  follows  ,i  line  thai  lias  been  erased  and  then  pasted  over  in  a 
former  joining;  of  the  Roll,  \i/...  "  Neare  vnlo  y«  saitl  alter  oh  \^  south  syde 
adioyninge  vnto  y«."  Tin-  rest  ot  the  paragraph  is  Wanting  in  the  Roli  as 
we  have  it. 


42  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  theme  to  liaue  a  gowne  of  blacke  cloth  maid  wth  a  cross  of 
veallowe  cloth  called  Sacte  Cuthb:  cross1  sett  on  his  lefte 
shoulder  of  his  arme  to  thintent  yl  euy  one  might  se  yl 
there  was  such  a  frelige*  graunted  by  God  &  Sacte  Cuthb:1 
for  euy  such  offender  to  flie  vnto  for  succour  and  safe  gard 
of  there  lyues,  vnto  such  tyme  as  they  might  obteyne  there 
prices  pdone,  &  that  thei  should  lie  wthin  yc  church  or 
Saunctuarij  in  a  grate"  wch  grate  ys  Remayni'ge  & 
standing  still  to  this  daie  being  maid  onelie  for  yc  same 
purpose,  standing  and  adioying  vnto  yc  gallelei  dore  on  ye 
south  syde  and  Likewise  they  had  meite  drinke  &  bedding 
&  other  necessaries  of  ye  house  cost  &  charg  for  sten2 
daies  as  was  meite  for  such  offenders  vnto  suche  tyme  as  yc 
pior  &  ye  covent  could  gett  theme  coveyed  out  of  yc 
dioces.  This  fredom  was  confirmed  not  onely  by  king 
Guthrid,*  but  also  by  king  Alvred.:3 

In  ye  weste  end  of  ye  said  Church  oil  ye  Gallelei  yer  is  a 
moste  fyne  large  wyndowe"  of  glass  being  ye  holl  storie  of 
ye  Rute  of  Jessei"  in  most  fyne  couloed  glas,  verie  fynely 
&  artifiicially  pictured  &  wrowght  in  coulers,  veri  goodly 
&  pleasantlie  to  behoulde  wth  mary  &  christ  in  her  armes  in 
yc  top  of  ye  said  wyndowe*  in  most  fyne  coulored  glas  also. 

(XXII.)     The  Galleley. 

Wherefore  yc  Chappell  dedicated  in  ye  honor  of 
Sl  Mary  was  named  &  cauled  ye  galleley. 

And  for  the  cumforth  of  all  women  &  solace  of  ycr  soules 
there  was  an  aucyent  Church  in  ye  ferne-+  Hand  where  the 
church  of  that  towne  nowe  standeth  wch  was  appoyted  for 
women'  to  repaire  vnto,  both  for  ye  hearing  of  masse  for 
making  there  prayers,  &  receyving  the  sacramentf,  for  wch 
cause  there  was  a  chappell  maide  &  dedicated  to  ye  blessed 
virgin    Marie    nowe    cauled    ye    galleley.       Vpo    ye    (37) 

1  A  coaeval  pen  has  altered  "&  Sacte  Cuthb:''  into  "unto  S"cte  Cuthb: 
shrine." 

-  "37"  is  placed  in  the  margin,  prima  maun  ;  "sten"  is  erased,  and 
"  certaine  "  written  over,  secunda  manu. 

;  This  sentence  is  an  insertion,  secunda  manu. 

■'  So  in  all  the  MSS.  (and  editions,  J.  T.  F.)  but  a  mistake,  no  doubt,  for 
Lindisfarne,  or  Holy  Island,  where  there  is  a  church  so  situated.  —  En. 


I  UK    GALILEE.  4,} 

namyng  wherof  is  to  be  noted,  as  yow   may  reade  in  the      R°Hi 
booke  entituled.     The  actes  o(  v  I>.  ca.  2(>. 

Hugo  Bushop  o\  Durhm  who  was  consecrated  in  \"  vcare 
of  our  L:  god  M.C. Liij  at  Koine  l"»\'  Pope  Athanasius 
[Anastatius  IV,  Ed.]*  vpo  ye  feaste  day  of  S"  Thorn's  y° 
Apostle  considering  ye  deligence  of  his  pdecesso"  in 
buylding  the  Cathedrall  Church,  wch  was  finished  but  a  fewe 
yeres  before  his  tyme,  no  Chappell  beinge  then  erected  to 
ye  blessed  Virgin  Marie,  whereunto  it  should  be  lawful]  for 
wo  me  to  haue  accesse,  began  to  erect  a  newe  pece  of  woorke 
at  vc  east  end*  of  ye  said  Cathedrall  church,  for  wch  worke 
there  weare  sundry  pillers  of  m'ble  stone  brought  from 
beyonde  y°  seas  but  this  worke  being"  browght  to  a  small 
height  began  throwghe  great  riftf  apperinge'  in  ye  same  to 
fall  downe,  wherevpo  yt  manvfestlve  appeared  yl  that  worke 
was  not  acceptable  to  god'  &  holy  Sl  Cuthb:  especial lv  by 
reason  of  ye  accesse  wch  women  weare  to  haue  so  neare  his 
fferreter.  In  eonsideratio  wherof  the  woo'ke  was  left  of,  and 
a  newe  begun  and  finished  at  ye  west  angle  of  ye  said 
church,  wherunto  yt  was  lawfull  for  women  to  enter, 
having  no  holie  place  before  where  thev  mighte  haue 
lawfull  accesse  vnto  for  there  cumforthe  and  consolac'o. 

In  that  it  is  called  the  gallelev  by  reason*  (accordinge  as 
some  thinke)  of  the  translatinge  of  the  same  once  begu  and 
afterward  removed,  wherevpo  it  toke  vc  name  of  gallelev  : 
to  wch  place  such  as  maid  repaire  vnto  it  had  graunted  vnto 
them  sundry  pdons,  as  more  plainly  appereth  in  a  table 
there  sett  vp    conteyning  vl  said  pdons. 

With  in  ye  said  gallelei  in  v  Cantarie  being  all  o( 
most  excellent  blewe  nible  stood  our  La  :  alter,  a  verie 
sumptuous  Monum1  fynly  adorned  wlh  curious  wainscott 
woorke^  both  aboue  ye  head,  at  ye  back  &  at  either  end  of 
the  said  alter,  ye  wainscott  being  devised  cS:  furnished  wth 
most  heavenly  pictures  so  lyuely  in  cullers  &  gilting  as  \[ 
they  did  gretly  adorne  y  said  alter  wher  o  La  :  masse 
was  song1  daly  by  y  m1  of  the  song  schole  [cauled  Mr. 
John  Brimley,  interlined],  w,h  certaine  decons  &  quiris- 
ters,  the  nv  playing  vpo"  a  paire  of  faire  orgaines  the  tyme 

'  "Adome     song1,'   repeated  in  MS.,  at  a  joining  of  the  paper. 


44  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  of  o  La  :  messe,  wherin1  yc  founder  of  ye  said  cliantaree 
Bushop  Langlei*  his  soule  was  most  devoutly  praied  for 
both  in  y°  begying  &  ending  therof,  [This  B.  Langley  did 
reedefye  and  buyld  anew"  agayne  the  sayd  Galliley, 
interlined\  there  was  also  belonging  to  yc  said  alter  verey 
sumptious  &  gorgyous  furneture  not  onely  for  yc  pncipall 
feastf,  but  for  ordenarv  svice,  and  for  yc  pserving  &  saife 
keeping  of  these  goodly  sutf  of  vestmentf  &  ornam1^  ap- 
(38)  pteyninge  to  yc  said  alter  ther  was  at  either  end  therof 
behynd  the  portall  two  very  fyne  &  close  Aumeryes*  all  of 
wainscott  wherin  after  ye  celebrating  of  o~  La  :  mass  they 
weare  safely  inclosed. 

Thomas  Langley  Bushop  of  Durhm  lyeth  buryed  vnder 
a  faire  mble  Towme*  wthin  ye  said  cantaree  befor  o~  La  : 
alter  he  founded1  vpo  yc  place  grene  a  gram  scoole  &  a 
songe  schole  wth  yerly  stipend  f  wherof  two  preestf  weare 
maisters  wch  dyde  dayly  say  mass,  &  also  daily  prayed  for 
his  soule.  [His  amies  be  pallie,  argent  and  vert,  a  mullet 
of  ye  first,  H.  45  ;  wch  are  Pally  of  six  arg:  and  vert  a 
mullett  argent.,  also  in  H.  45]. 

On  ye  north  syde  of  yc  saide  Galleley  was  an  alter  called 
yc  Lady  of  pieties  alter*  wth  her  pictur  carryinge  o~  saviour 
on  hir  knee  as  he  was  taiken  from  yc  cross  a  very  dolorouse 
aspecte.  The  saide  alter  was  ordeyned  for  a  Chantry 
preiste  to  saie  mess  euy  holy  Daie,  having  aboue  the  alter 
on  yu  wall  thone  pte  of  o~  saviours  passio*  in  great  pictures, 
the  other  pte  being  aboue  Saynt  Beede  alter  on  yc  south 
syde. 

There  was  on  ye  south  syde  betwixt  two  pillers*  a  goodly 
monum1*  all  of  blew  mble  yc  hight  of  a  yeard  from  yc 
ground,  supported  wth  v :  pillers,  In  euy  corn  one,  &  vnder 
yu  mydest  one,  &  aboue  ye  said  throwghe"  of  mble  pillers 
did  stand  a  second  shrine  to  Sl  Cuthb  :  [a  Shrine  second  to 
Sl  Cuthbert's,  Edd.  H.,  Sanderson]  wherin  yc  bones  of  y(' 
holie  man  Sl  Beede  was  inshryned,  being  accustomed  to  be 
taiken  downe  euy  festival  daie  when  there  was  any  sollempe 

2  Altered  to  "  wherin  ye  fyrst  founder  of  ye  said  chantaree  and  Bushop 
Langlei  ther  soules  wer,"  so  as  to  include  Bishop  Pudsey.  Cos.  and  H.  44 
correspond  with  the  alteration,  but  II.  45,  L.,  C,  and  tlie  editions  with  the 
original  text  of  the  Roll. 


THE   GALILEE.  45 

pcession,  and  caried  wth  iiij  mounckes  in  tyme  of  pcessio  <S:      Ro,,i 

■     ■      *    •  ,    ,    •  111         i    i    '  •  i-  |(>o°- 

devine  svice  wch  being  ended  they  dyd  convey  yt  into  ye 

galleley  &   sett   vt   vpo   v    said   tumbe  againe  [wth  great 

revence,  II.  45|,  havinge  a  fair  [rich,  II.  45I  couofwains- 

cott  verie  curiously  gilted  and  appointed  to  drawe  vp  and 

downe    over  the  shrine  as  they  list  to  showe  the  sumptuous- 

ness  therof.     And  for  y   further  \eritie  in  this  eneratio  of 

S1  Beedes  shrine  I  haue  sett  downe  ye  verces  w1'  are  in  the 

auncyent  historie    declaring  both  v  tyme  of  his  Translatio 

from  S1  Cuthb  :  Toume  &  wthall  ye  maker  and  founder  o( 

v  shrine  in  ye  galleley. 

Hugo    Bushopp    of    I)urhm    after    he    had    finished    the 

Chappell  called  y  galleley,  did  cause  a  fereter  of  gold  t\: 

silver    to  be   mayd   wherin   the  bones  of  venerable  bede 

preiste   &   docter  (translated  &   removed   from    Sl   Cuthb  : 

shrine)  weare  laid.      In  the  first  woorke  wherof  in  ye  lower 

pte  therof  thes  verses  vnder  written  were  ingraven  in  Lattin, 

now  translated  into  englishe,  as  follow1'1. 

(39)  In  Cuius  faretri  prima  fabricatura  in  pte 

inferiori  isti  versus  sunt  insculpti. 
Continet  hec  theca  Bede  venerabilis  ossa 
Sensum  factori  Christus  dedit  atq^  datori 
Petrus  opus  fecit  presull  dedit  hoc  hugo  donu 
Sit'  in  vtroqj  suu  veneratus  vtruq^  patron  ft. 
In  Englishe  as  follow1'1. 
This  Coffin  doth  conteyne  ye  bones  of  venerable  Beede 
Christ  to  the  maker  sence  did  geve,  And  to  ye  giver  gold. 
One  Peter  framed  ye  worke  ye  cost  Bushopp  Hugo  maid 
So  Peter  &  Hugo  Patrones  both  Sl  bede  inclosed  in  molde. 
Anno  millen  CCC  ter  cum  septuageno 
Post  qua  saluator  came  de  virgine  supsit 
Transtulit  hoc  feretru  Cuth'i  de  ppe  tumba 
Istius  ecclesie  Prior  hue  (poscente  Richardo 
de  castro  dicto  Bernardi)  cuius  et  ossa 
non  procul  hinc  lapide  stib  marmoreo"  requiescunt. 

1  "  Sit "  in  Roll,  Cos.,  and  II.  44,  but  "  Sic  "  in  C,  I-.,  and  all  the  editions, 
in  accordance  with  the  English  "So."  Bui  the  Latin  line,  as  it  stands, 
seems  unintelligible  whichever  reading  we  take.  If,  however,  for 
"utrumque"  we  read  "uterque,"  and  "Sir'  at  the  beginning,  the  sense  of 
the  Latin  is  sufficiently  clear. 


46  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Rolli  In  English  as  follow1'1. 

.  1600. 

In   the  yeare  of  our   Lord   A  thousand   thre   hundreth  & 

seventy 
Richard  of  barnardcastle  did  most  earnestly  pcure, 
that  yc  bones  of  Sl  Beede  lying  nigh  Sl  Cuthb:  shryne 
should  be  translated  into  yc  galleley  there  to  remayne 
Wch  Richard  disceased,  for  y°  love  he  did  beare  to  Bede, 
caused  his  owne  bones  to  be  laid  nere  him  vnder  a  nible 

stone  in  dead. 

It  appeareth  in  the  discription*  of  ye  staite  of  ve  church 
of  Durhm  that  ye  bones  of  Sl  Bede  were  first  lavde  in  the 
monastery  of  Jarrowe  and  afterwards  were  browght  to 
Durhm  and  placed  in  ye  coffin  [in  a  golden  Coffin,4'  H.  45] 
on  the  right  syde  wth  the  body  [of  ye  holy  bodv,  H.  45]  of 
Sl  Cuthb'te. 

Elfridus  a  preaste  in  that  tyme  vte  Anno  Gra  Mxx°,  did 
affirme  and  certenly  record,  that  one  Coffyn  dyd  cou  & 
conteyne  both  ye  body  of  S*  Cuthb'te  &  yc  bones  of 
venerable  docter  Bede. 

On  the  southe  syde  of  ye  said  galleley  was  ye  alter  of  Sl 
Beede,  before  ye  wch  alter  lieth  his  bones  and  re(4o)liques 
interred  vnder  ye  same  place  where  his  shrine  was  before 
exalted1  [to  whose  Memory  an  elegant  Epitaph  fairly 
written  on  Velom  hangs  upon  the  adjoining  wall.  Notice 
of  Sir  George  Wheler  and  his  Monument  in  Hunter's 
editions  and  in  Sanderson's]. 

Adioyninge  vnto  ye  lower  pte  of  ye  great  wyndow  in  ye 
weste  end  of  the  said  gallelee  was  a  faire  Iro  pulpitt,"  wth 
Barsse  of  Iron  for  one  to  hould  them  by,  going  vp  ye 
stepes  vnto  ye  pulpett  where  one  of  the  Mounckf  did  cume 
euy  holy  day  &  Sunday  to  preach  at  one  of  ye  clock  ye  after 
noone. 

In  ye  west  end  of  ye  south  angle1  was  a  founte  for 
baptising  of  children*  when  ye  realme  was  interdicted*  by 
yc  Pope  wch  Thomas  Langley  Bushop  of  Durh111  did  onely 
,pcure  as  a  pviledge  vpo  speciall  favour  at  the  Popes 
handes. 


So  in  all  the  MSS.  and  editions. 


THE   GALILEE.  47 

[Ther  are  in  this  place  {the  Galilee),  and  all  y  church  MS.  "•  15 
aboute  dills  faire  windowes  richly  wrought  wlh  pictures  & 
imagery  o(  Sls  wch  are  now  altogether  broken  \v,h  I  doe 
forbeare  to  menc'on  in  this  place  for  want  of  Roome  and 
tyme,  onely  1  haue  here  incerted  some  thinges  yl  were 
written  soe  near  as  they  could  be  redd,  scil't.  H.  45 1. 
('/'he  writer  proceeds  to  give  a  few  notices  of  the  pictures  a  nit 
their  inscriptions,  of  which  the  Roll  contains  a  copious 
account  as  follows :) 

Also  in   v  west  end  of  v    said  Gallelev  there  be  foure      Roll, 
faire  coulored  &  sumptuous  glasened  wyndowes.*     In  the   c'  '      ' 
iirst  towards  y''  south  there  are   three   faire   lightf.     The 
mvdle  lighte  having-  in  yt  ye  picture  of  christe  as  he  was 
crucified  on  ye  crosse  most  curiously  payted  &  wrowghte 
in  glasse  wth  ye  sonne  &  yL'  moone  above  the  head  therof. 

In  V  highest  pte  of  wch  light  ther  is  ye  picture  of  ye 
starre  \vch  appered  vnto  ye  thre  wise  men  or  kingf  of 
Colleine  vnderneth  depictured,  directing  them  into  ye  east 
to  search  out  yc  new  borne  child  Jesu  ye  holy  one,  borne 
betwixt  an  ox  &  an  asse  to  offer  vnto  him  oblac'ons  & 
sacrifices  of  gold,  myrr,  &  frankensence,  together  wlh  the 
picture  of  o  Ladye  v°  virgin  marie  wth  Christe  naked 
sitting  vpo  hir  knee,  in  most  fyne  coulored  glasse. 

In  the  light  towardf  the  north  is  dipictured  God 
almightie  having  in  his  hand  a  ball  or  globe  conteyning  & 
signvfving  the  heaven  earth  &  sea.  And  in  vnder  that  ve 
salutac'on  of  y("  Angell  Gabriell  maid  to  y1'  blessed  virgin 
marie  &  ye  picture  of  y  holie  ghost  appearing  to  hir  in  the 
likenes  of  a  doue  in  fyne  coulored  glasse  also. 

In  ye  light  towardf  the  southe  is  ye  picture  of  c  blessed 
lady  as  she  assumpted  into  heaven,  ascended,  glorified,  & 
crowned,  and  vnderneth  that  ye  picture  of  o  blessed  lady 
wll)  Christ  new  borne  naked,  sitting  of  hir  knee,  &  sucking 
of  hir  brest  very  liuely  sett  furth  all  in  fine  colored  glasse. 

(41)  In  the  second  conteyning  vj°  faire  lightf  of 
glasse  seued  by  stone  thre  aboue  &  thre  beneath,  The 
mydle  light  aboue  hath  y  picture  of  Sl  Cuthbert  moste 
lyvely  coulored   in  glasse  in  his  ordinarie  episcopall  appell 


48  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll<  to  say  masse  \vth  his  myter  on  his  head  &  a  crosier  or 
pastorall  staffe  in  his  lefte  hand  having  the  Image  of  Sl 
Oswoldf  head  painted  vpo  his  brest  vpholden  wth  his  right 
hand  all  in  fyne  coulored  glase.  Vnder  whose  feate  at  v° 
lowest  pte  of  his  picture  is  drawen  or  written  in  glasse. 

Sanct9  Cuthb'tus  quondam  Lindisfarnensis  Epis- 
copus  et  huius  Ecclesie  et  patrie*  maximus  patronus. 

The  liefht  on  ve  north  syde  of  Sl  Cuthb:  hath  ye  picture 
of  Sl  Beede  in  his  blewe  habitt  appell,*  in  fyne  couhed 
glasse,  in  under  ye  foote  of  whose  picture  is  in  glasse 
writtin. 

Santus  Beda,  qui  vitam  Sancti  Cuthberti  et  multa 
alia  ab  ecclesia  approbata  coscripsit,  cuius  ossa  in 
hac  Capella  in  feretro  cotenta. 

The  light  on  ye  south  syde  of  Sl  Cuthb't  hath  ye  picture 
of  Aydanus  ye  Bushop  most  artificially  sett  furth  in  fyne 
coulo  ed  glasse,  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say  masse,  with 
his  myter  on  his  head  and  a  crosier  staffe  in  his  left  hand, 
vnder  whose  feete  this  is  written. 

Sanctus  Aidanus  Episcopus  Lindisfarnensis  Eccle- 
sie primus  prius  in  hac  Sanctissima  Dunelmensi 
ecclesia  fuit  p>oratp.  * 

Vnder  whose  iij  lightf  by  a  ptic'6,  are  iij  moe  large 
pictures  in  fyne  coloed  glasse  most  curiously  depictured, 
conteyning  ye  Imagf  of  Aldun9,  Edmundus  &  Eata  iij 
Bushopf  of  lindisfarne  in  fyne  coulo  ed  glasse,  as  they 
weare  accustomed  to  say  masse,  wth  there  myters  on  there 
headf ,  &  there  crosier  staves  in  there  lefte  handf.  Vnder 
ve  feete  of  Eata  his  picture,  is  written. 

Santus  Eata  Lindisfarnensis  Episcopus. 

And  aboue  in  ye  highest  pte  of  this  wyndow,  ar  six  1  i tie 
glasned  lightf*  in  tower  man  in  fyne  coulo  ed  glasse 
conteyninge  some  pte  of  ye  historie  of  Christt  natiuitie  the 
manage  in  gallelie  &  his  miracles  done  vpo  ye  earth. 

'  So  in  all  the  MSS.  and  editions,  quite  wrongly,  of  course. 


THK    GALILEE.  49 

(42)  In  y  third  wyndowe  being  most  faire  and  sumptuous  Ro11- 
are  also  six  lightf  soiled  as  before,  in  the  highest  pte  therof 
are  iij fyne  portered  [portred,  Cos.;  purtrayed,  L. ;  portraied, 
C. ;  portraid,  II.  44 1  pictures  in  fyne  colored  glasse,  the 
mydle  being  y  [mage  of  y  glorious  <!v.  blessed  virgin 
mary  wth  christe  in  her  amies  most  excellentlie  wrowght 
in  glasse,  vnder  whose  feete  is  writtin. 

Sancta   Maria. 

And  on  the  north  svde  of  her  is  v  picture  of  Sl  Oswold 
the  king  in  fyne  coulo  ed  glasse  verie  Trymly  sett  furthe 
wth  a  faire  crosse  in  his  hand,  vnder  whose  feete  is  written. 

Sanct^  Os\voldu   fundator   sedis    Episcopalis    Lin- 
disfarnnensis  que   nunc  est  dunelmesis,   cui°  anima 
in  feretro  Sl  Cuthberti  est  humata. 

And  on  yl  south  syde  of  her  is  y*  picture  of  holie  Kinge 
Henry*  in  fyne  coulored  glasse  wth  his  princely  scepter  in 
his  hand,  vnder  whose  feete  is  written. 

Rex   Henricg. 

Vnder  them  in  other  iij  faire  large  lightf  oppositlie  & 
firste  to  Sl  Marie  is  placed  ye  picture  of  Thorn's  Langlev 
Bushop  most  curiouslie  &  worthelie  in  fyne  coulo  ed  glasse 
\vth  his  myter  on  his  head  &  his  crosier  staffe  in  his  lefte 
hand  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say  masse,  having  his  armes 
verie  excellentlie  blasened  in  fine  coulo  ed  glasse  aboue  his 
head,  he  being  a  most  famous  benefacter  in  reedifvinge  and 
buylding  againe  this  place  called  y  gallelev  as  most  tritely 
&  largly  is  recorded  in  y-  Historie  of  y  monasticall  Church 
of  Durhm  vnder  whome  is  written. 

Thorns  Langley  Rector1  ecclesie  ad  honorem  dei 
ep'us  dunelm.,  et  duas  cantarias  in  ead.  funda1  et 
dotauit. 

And  vnder  S1  Oswold  is  y  picture  of  Wilfrid0  Bushop  in 
fyne  couloed  glasse  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say  masse 
wlh  his  myter  on  his  head  &  his  crosier  staffe  in  his  lefte 
hand,  vnder  whose  feete  is  written. 

■  This  MS.  has  "  Recter." 
4 


50  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Ro11'  Sancty  Wilfrid °  p'mo  Lindisfarnensis  monachus 
post  Abbas  Ripensis  vltimo  archiep  us  hborasensis, 
vno  aiio  rexit  Kp'atum  Lindisfarnesem. 

(43)  And  vnder  king  Henrie  is  yc  picture  of  Bushop 
Cedda  in  fyne  couloed  glasse  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say 
masse  wth  his  myter  on  his  head  and  his  crosier  staffe  in 
his  lefte  hand  exquisitelie  shewed  vnder  whose  fete  is 
writte. 

Sanct9  Cedda  pimo  Lindisfarnensis  monachus  post 
Abbas  in  Lestingham  tribt;  annis  rexit  Archiep'atu 
Eborasensem,  et  etifi  rexit  ep'atum  Ligchfeilde. 

And  in  this  wyndowe  aboue  all  are  six  litle  glasened 
towre  wyndowes*  in  fyne  coulo  ed  glasse,  conteyninge  the 
flight  of  christe,  Josephe  &  Sl  Marie  into  ^gipt  beinge 
pursued  by  Herode,  &  ye  moste  pte  of  ye  storie  thereof. 

In  the  fourth  there  be  also  six  faire  lightf  seiied  as 
before  conteyning  iij  faire  large  pictures  in  iij  lightf  in  ye 
higher  pte,  most  exactlie  fashioned  being  ye  Imagf  of  iij 
holie  kingt  most  goodly  and  bountifull  to  ye  church  and  to 

51  Cuth:  vi^  Alured  Gudred  &  Elfride"  most  princely 
decked  &  framed  in  ther  royall  apparrell  wth  there  scepters 
in  ther  handf  in  fyne  coulo-' ed  glasse,  of  whose  liberalilye 
(sic)  &  mveilous  munificence  ye  historie  of  Sl  Bede  doth 
make  mentio.*  Vnder  whome  are  pictured  in  larg  pictures 
in  fyne  coulo'ed  glasse  iij  Bushopes  of  Lindisfarne  as  they 
weare  accustomed  to  say  masse  wth  there  myters  on  there 
headf  and  there  crosier  staves  in  there  left  handf .  Vnder 
there  feete  is  to  be  seene.  Sanct9  Godfridus1  Lindis- 
farnensis. SH)  Ethelwold9  Lindisfarnensis.  The 
third  no  name  to  be  decerned  saving  Episcopus.  All  wlh 
pictures  aforesaid  are  most  largly  and  sumptuously  sett 
fourth  in  there  formall  appell,  as  ys  affore  discribed. 


1  All  the  MSS.  have  "Godfridus,"  and  all  the  editions  "  Egfridus."  There 
was  no  bishop  of  Lindisfarne  of  either  name  ;  the  former  is  probably  a 
misreading  of  "  Eadfridus."     The  third  was  most  likely  "  Eadbertus," 


BURIAL    OF    MONKS.  5 1 

In  the  higfhesl    pte  o{  wcn  wyndowe  arc  six   litlc   towrc    Ro11- 

...  ."  .  .,  .       c.  1  boo. 

wyndowes    fynely  colored  and  glasened,  conteyni  ge  the 
most  pte  of  v  storie  o(  Christf  death,  buryall,  resurrection, 

and    ascension,    most    excellentlve    sett    fnrth    pictured    «\: 
discribed  in  fine  colo  ed  glasse. 

(XXIII.)    The  Rvte  or  Custome  [Rytes  and  ceremonies, 
II.  45]  of  the  Church  of  Durham  in  Buryingfe  of 

Mounckes. 

The  Mouncke  so  soune  as  lie  sickneth  is  conveyed  with 

all  I44]  his  appurtinans  or  furniture,  from  his  owne  chamber 

in  [owte  of,  H.  45I  y  Dorter  to  an  other  in  ye  ferm'ery* 

|another   chamber    in    ye    place    called    Domus    infirmorii 

comonly  called  y  fermerey,  H.  45],  where  he  might  haue 

both  fvre  &  more  convenyent  kepinge,  for  that  they  weare 

allowed  no  fyre  in  y1'  Dorter.      And  at  such  tyme  as  ytt 

appeared  to  them  that  accumpeyned  him  in  his  sicknes  that 

he  was1  not  lykly  to  lvve,  they  sent  for  ye  pors  chaplaine 

who  staied  wth  him  till  he  yealded  yL  ghoste,  then  ye  barber 

was  sent  for*   whose  office  is  to  put  downe  ye  clothes  & 

baire  him,  and  put  on  his  feet  sockf  and  bowtf    [his  foote 

sockes,  and  his  bootes,  H.  45],  and  so  to  wynde  hime  in  his 

cowle  and  habett,  then  is  he  fro  thence  Immediatly  Carved 

to  a  chamber  called  yL   Dead   manes  chamber    in  y  said 

Farmery  &   there  to  remayne  till   nyght.      [Then   was  he 

vmediatelv  removed  owte  of  ye  fermery  into  a  Roome  called 

V'    dead   mans  chamber,  over  7vc/l  was  ye  Library  of  latter 
j  1.1 

tymes,2  and  ther  to  remayne  vntill  night,  H.  45].     The  pors 

chaplaine  so  soune  as  that  he  ys  woune  &  conveyed  into  y 

dead  manes  chamber,  doth  lock  ye  chamber  dour  where  he 

dyed  &  carved  v  key  to  ye  por.     At  nyght  ys  he  removed 

fro  y  dead  manes  chamber  into   Sl  Andrewes  chappell, 

adiovning  to  the  said  chamber  &  Pmery,  there  to  remayne 

till  eight  of  V  clock  in  y  mornynge,  y  said  chappell  being 

a  place  onelv  ordeyned  for  sollempe  devoc'6,   the   nyght 

befor  there  funeral les  in  this  maner  Two  mounckes  either 

in  kinred  or  kyndness  y  nerest  vnto  him,  were  appoynted 

1  "them"  to  "was'"  repeated  in  MS.,  at  a  joining  of  the  paper. 
The  words  in  italics  are  added  in  ilu>  margin. 


52  RITES    OV    Dl'RIIAM. 

Roll,  by  V  por  to  be  speciall  murners,  syttinge  all  nyghte  on 
'  ther  kneys*  at  ye  dead  corsses  feet.  Then  were  ye  chyldren 
of  thaumerey*  sitting  on  there  knees  in  stalls  of  eyther  syd 
ye  corpes  appoynted  to  Read  Dav:  spalter*  all  nyght  oil 
incessanly  till  ye  said  o"1  of  eight  a  clock  in  ye  mornyng  at 
wch  tyme  ye  corse  was  conveyed  to  ye  chapter  house"  where 
ye  [Lord,  H.  45]  por  &  ye  hole  covent  did  meat  hime  & 
there  did  say  there  Dergie*  [Dirges,  H.  45]  and  Devotio* 
not  being  pmytted  that  any  should  cume  neare  ye  chapter 
house  duringe  ye  tyme  of  ther  devotio  &  praiers  for  his 
soule,  &  after  there  deuoc'6  ye  dead  corpes  was  caryed  by 
ye  mounckes  from  the  chapter  house  thorowgh  yc  pier*  a 
place  for  mchauntf  to  vtter  ther  waires,  standing  betwixt 
ye  chapter  house  &  ye  church  dour,  &  so  Throwghe  ye  sayd 
pier  into  ye  sentuarie  garth  where  he  was  buryed  [and  a 
challice  of  wax"  laid  vpo  his  brest  (45)  wth  hime]2  havinge  his 
blew  bedd  houlden  over  his  grave  by  iiij  mouckf  during  his 
funeralls,  wch  Bed  is  dew  to  ye  Barber  for  his  dewtie 
aforesaide  &  ye  making  of  his  grave"  and  at  yL>  tyme  of  his 
Buryall  ther  was  but  one  peile  Rounge  for  him. 3 

(XXIV.)     The    Rite    or    Custoume    in 
Buryinge    of    Pryors.4 

The  Priors  of  the  house  of  Durhm  was  accustomed  to  be 
buryed  in  the  oulde  tyme  in  his  bootes  &  woune  in  his 
Coole  by  ye  Barber  accordingly  as  ye  mounkf  was 
accustomed  to  be  buryed,  that  is  to  say  he  was  caryed  furth 
of  his  Lodginge  in  to  a  chamber  in  ye  farniye  called  the 
Deade  manes  chamber  &  there  did  Remayne  a  certen 
spaice,  and  at  nyght  he  was  caried  into  a  chapell  over 
against  the  said  chamber  dore  called  S;1cte  Andrewes 
chappell  and  was  watched  all  that  night  wth  the  children  of 
ye  almery  Reading  Davides  spalter  over  him,  and  ij 
mounckes  either  in  kindred  or  kyndnes  was  appointed  to 
sitte  all  night  at  his  feete  mourninge  for  him,  and  in  the 

1   "hour,"  secunda  manu.  -  Seninda  manu. 

1  "  Rounge  for  hime,"  at  joining-  of  the  paper. 

1  MS.  Hunter  45  enters  into  no  detail  on  the  burial  of  a  Prior,  but 
merely  states  that  it  "  was  in  eu'y  respect  p'formed  accordinge  to  the 
buryinge  of  y    Monckes." 


PRIORS    BURIED    OUT    OF    CEMETERY.  ,=>,} 


morninge  he  was  carved  in  to  the  chapter  house  <S:  there  R°Hi 
did  sollemne  sviee  for  hime  as  the  mounckes  had  at  tliere 
buryall,  from  thence  he  was  carved  thorowgh  the  plor  into 
the  Sentory  garthe  there  to  be  buryed  |\vher  euy  one  of 
them  did  Iv  vnderneth  a  fair  m'ble  stone  and |'  the  mounckes 
&  Barber  did  burye  hime  wth  a  litle  cliallice  of  silver,"  other 
mettell,  or  wax,  wch  was  laid  vpo  his  brest  wthin  his  cofline, 
and  his  blewe  bedde  was  holden  over  hime  by  iiij  mounckes, 
till  he  was  buryed,  and  the  barber  had  it  for  his  paynes,  for 
makinge  of  his  grave  and  buryinge  of  hime,  as  he  had  for 
the  mounckes.2 

And  afterward  the  pors  came  to  be  interred  &  buryed 
wlhin  the  abei  Church  of  Durisme  and  not  in  the  centori 
garth  in  thes  latter  daies  as  follow1'1. 

(XXV.  The  names  of  the  Priors  buried  out  of 
the  Centory  Garth.) 

The  names  of  all  yc  pors  of  Durhm  as  weere  buryed  out 
of  ye  centory  garth  wthin  yL'  abei  church  of  Durisme  in  y 
same  order  &  habitt  wth  [the  mitre  and,  Dav.]  all  other 
there  furnyture  belonging  therto,  as  there  pdicessors  was 
(46)  buryed  before  theme  in  ye  centori  garth  as  is 
afforesaid  in  euy  respectf  ;  all  wch  pors  were  great 
Benefacto,b  to  yc  said  church  both  during  yer  lives  &  at  ther 
death  as  ye  historie  of  ye  church  more  at  larg  declareth. 

Johafies  fosser  was  y  first  por  that  en  attempted  to 
be  burved  wthin  the  abei  church  out  of  ye  centori  garth. 

Robert  Berrington  de  Walworth  por  dyd  first  opteyne 
the  vse  of  vc  myter  with  ye  Crutch3  or  staffe. 
Johafis  Hemyngbrowghe  prio1. 
Johafies  Weshington  por. 
Will' ni°  libchester  por. 


Johafies  Burnby  por. 
Robert0  Ebchester  por. 

'  "by"  erased,  and  these  words  in  brackets  interlined  secunda  mantt. 
-'  "  The  Bnshopes  of  Durhm  were  wounte   in  an,"  erased,  comes   liere 

at  a  joining  of  the  paper. 

;  The  words  uye  crutch  or"  are  struck  out.  ami  "his  crosier"  placed 
above,  secunda  mantt. 


54  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,         Johafies  Aukeland  prior. 

C.    l600.  jjL  ,„  Q 

1  homas  Castell  por. 

Hugo  Whithead"  died  at  London  &  lieth  buried  in  ye 
church  of  ye  mineres  nyghe  yc  towre  of  Londo.  He  was 
ye  laste  por  of  ye  church  of  Durisme  [and  the  first  Deane.  j1 

[Robert  Home,"  d'c'or  of  Devinity  Deane  after  hym. 
H.  45,  secunda  manu.] 

The  Bushopes  of  Durisme  weare  wounte  in  auncyent 
tyme  to  be  interred  and  Buryed  in  ye  foresaid  Chapter 
house,  standing  in  ye  easte  alley  of  ye  cloysters2  in  that  they 
would  not  psume  to  ly  any  nearer  to  holie  Sacte  Cuthb: 
whose  naymes  heare  after  ensew1'1  [because  they  woold 
not  presume  to  lye  neere  the  holy  body  of  St.  Cuthb.,  theire 
names  are  ingrauen  uppon  the  stones  under  wch  they  lye  in 
the  Chapter  house,  with  the  signe  of  the  crosse  annexed  to 
the  end  of  theire  said  names.      Cos.]i 

(47)  (XXVI.)  A  Catalog  of  ye  Bushops  of  Durhm* 
whose  bodies  ar  found  buryed  in  ye  chapter 
house  of  Durisme  as  appereth  by  ther  names 
in  graven  vpo  stone  wth  ye  signe  of  the  crosse 
annexed  to  etiy  of  there  said  names. 

[t%t  Aydanus  Ep'us,  H.  45]  [qui  obijt  Anno  Dom.  651. 
Cos.  ] 

[There  were  many  betwixt  this  Aydanus  &  theis 
menc'ond  who  were  bpps  of  Lindisfarne  now  called  Holy 
Hand  before  they  came  to  Durham  but  noe  notable  Acts 
done  by  them  but  I  referr  ye  reader  to  my  other  booke 
where  are  at  lardge.      H.  45,  secunda  manu]. 

*fc  Aldunus  ep'us  [Aldwinus  the  first  Bpp  of  Duresme 
and  first  founder  of  the  Abby  Church,  Anno  Domini:  990. 
Cos.  ] 

>fr  Hadmud0  ep'us.   [These  two  were  buried  under  one 

*Z*  Kadred"  ep'us.     j      stone.1 

1   "and  the  first  Deane  "  is  in  a  different,  but  apparently  a  coaeval  hand. 

'  Dr.  Hunter  has  written  opposite  to  this  paragraph  in  Cos.,  "  This  is 
better  related  in  Mrs.  Milner's  manuscript." 

5  "  Sayncte  Cuth.  whose  names  hereafter  ensew*"  here  follows  at  a 
joining  of  the  paper. 


BISHOPS    BURIED    IN    CHAPTER    HOUSE.  55 

[Eadmundus,    forte    fortuna   a    monachis    dissidentibus    Ro11- 

electus,  who  dyed  at  Gloster,  and  was  translated  thenee  to 
bee  buryed  in  the  chapter  house.  Anno  Dom.  1048. 
Cos.  I 

*fa  Walcher^  ep'us.  This  Walter  bishop  was  buried 
with  Aldunus  under  one  stone.'  [Short  read  good  read 
slay  vee  v  bpp.     II.  45,  secunda  manu]. 

[hee  was  slaine  in  the  Church  at  Gateside  in  Newcastle, 
and  was  buryed  priuatly  in  the  Chapter  house  under  the 
same  stone  with  Aldwinus,  without  any  inscriptio  ouer 
him.     1 08 1.     Cos.] 

»i*  Will'm's  ep'us, 

[Guilielmus  i  ep's  de  Karlipho  with  Malcorae  kinge  of 
Scotts,*  and  Turgott  then  prior  of  this  church  did  pull 
downe  the  old  church  builded  by  Aldwinus  and  did  lay  the 
foundation  of  this  church  as  it  now  is  :  theis  three  layinge 
the  first  three  stones  thereof  in  the  foundation  :  July  the  30: 
or  as  others  say  :  Aug.  11   1093.      Cos.] 

»I«  Ranulphus*  ep'us.  [W™  Rufus  preferred  him  for 
his  owne  ends.     H.  45,  secunda  /nana.] 

*%<  Gaufrid0  ep'us. 

*b  Will's  s'edus  ep'us. 

*b  Hugo  de  Puteaco,"  ep'us.  [King  Steph.  was  his 
vncie.*       H.  45,  secunda  /nana].     (47) 

*h  Philippi;"  ep'us. 

*k  Rich'us  de  marisco*  ep'us. 

*i*  Nicholas  de  farnh'm*  ep'us. 

*h  Walter1''  de  Kirkha*  ep'us. 

»i*  Rob't0  Stichell  ep'us.  [Prior  of  Finckley  founded 
yc  Hospitall  of  Greetham  and  gaue  ye  landes  of  Symon 
Mounford  wch  was  forfeited  <S:  he  recoiled  them  of  y  king 
cS:  gaue  them  to  y  Hospitall  wch  in  Value  att  v  Dissoluc'on 
97//.  6s.  §d.  oh.  p  Ann.      II.  45,  secunda  manu.] 

<i*  RobV    de    Insula     ep'us.     |    Both    thes  ly    buried 

►I*  Rich'us    de    Kellow"    ep's.  J  before      ye  bushops 

seat  vnder  two  ni'ble  stones,   wth   ther  immagC  in    brasse 

curiouslie  graven  [but  now  defaced.      Cos.] 


56  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,        A°  1086.      About  wch  tyme  king  Malcolme  caused"  y  old 


c.  1600. 


church  of  Durisme  to  be  plucked  downe  &  buyldyd  vp  a 
newe,  begininge  evin  at  y°  firste  floore.  In  wch  season,  one 
Egelwyn*  or  Willia  (as  ye  scotishe  wryters  haue)  was 
bushop  of  that  Sea,  &  por  of  the  abbay  was  one  Turgot, 
who  afterward  was  maid  Bushop  of  Sl  Andrewes,  and  wrote 
yL>  lyves  of  queue  Margaret"  &  Malcolme  hir  husband  in  yu 
scottishe  tongue. 

>J<  This  Turgotus*  prio"  of  Durisme  [who  laide  one  of  the 
first  3  stones  in  the  foundation  of  this  church,  Cos. ]  was 
afterward  consecrated  bushop  [translated  by  Malcome 
Kinge  of  Scotts  to  the  Bpprick,  Cos.)  of  Sl  Andree  in 
Scotland,  A°  d'ni.  M.C.ix0  vpon  whose  request  &  petitio  at 
his  death  he  was  carried  to  Durisme,  &  lyeth  buried  in  y1-' 
chapter  house  of  Durisme  there  emongf  the  rest  of  yc 
Bushops.* 

In  the  wch  chapter  howse  in  yc  upp  end  is  a  fair  stall  or 
seat  of  stone,*  [chaire  of  stone,  Cos.]  where  ye  Bushopes 
haue  bene  [&  are]1  till  this  day  installed  being  also  a  place 
where  ye  Bushope  doth  nowe  keape  his  visitatio  [when  hee 
holds  his  Visitation  for  the  Cathedrall  church,  and  next  to 
it  is  a  chaire  of  wood  fastened  in  the  wall  where  the  Priors 
did  and  the  Deanes  doe  now  sit  at  the  sd  uisitations.  Cos.] 
Within  [adjoyninge,  H.  45  ;  in  the  south  side  of,  Cos.]  ye 
said  chapter  house  was  a  psoune"  for  the  Mounckes 
[wherunto  those  monkes  were  committed  for  a  certaine 
space,  Cos.]  for  all  suche  light  offences  as  was  done 
amonges  them  selves.2 

In  the  said  Chapter  house  aboue  the  chapter  house  door 
(49)  there  is  a  faire  glasse  wyndowe"  beinge  the  hole  storie 
of  the  Rute  of  Jessei  in  most  fyne  couloed  glas,  verie 
fynelie  and  artifficiallie  picturd  and  wrowght  in  the  said 
coulo'  ed  glasse  verey  goodlie  &  pleasantlie  to  behoulde  wth 
marie  &  christ  in  her  armes  in  ye  top  of  yu  said  wyndowe 
in  most  fyne  coulored  glas  also. 


1  Interlined. 

*  "Amonges  them  selves"  repealed  at  joining  of  the  paper. 


BURIAL   OF    BISHOPS.  37 

(XXVII.)      The    Ryte    or    Custume    in 

Bury i noc    of    Bushoppes 

in   y'    chapter   house. 

The  Bushopes  of  Durisme  when  as  they  dyed  was 
broweht  to  ye  abbei  church  of  I)urhm  to  he  interred  and 
buyned,  the  por  and  mounckes  of  Durham  dyd  meite  hime 
at  the  abei  church  garth  gate  at  y1'  place  grene  and 
Receyved  hime  there,  &  brought  hime  thorough  the 
said  church  into  yL'  chapter  house  to  be  buryed,  at  which 
Burial]  there  was  vsede  greate  solempnytye  and  devoe'on 
by  y°  P'or  and  the  Mounckes  of  that  church  of  Durisme, 
according  to  ye  Customable  burying  of  ye  Bushopes  in  y 
auncyente  tyme.  The  accustomed  burying  of  ye  Bushopes 
in  that  tyme  was  to  be  buried  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say 
masse  wlh  his  albe  &  stole  and  phannell*  &  his  vestm1 
[and  other  uestments,  Cos.  ],  wth  a  myter  on  his  heade,  and 
his  Crutch*1  wlh  him,  and  so  laied  in  his  Cofiine,  wth  a  litle 
challice*  of  sylver,  other  mettell,  or  wax  ;  wch  wax  challice 
was  gilted  verie  fynly  about  yL'  edge  &  knoppe  in  ye  myddes 
of  ye  shanke  of  y1'  challice,  and  abonte  ye  edge  of  ye  patten 
or  coti,  (S:  ye  foote  of  it  also  was  gilted  which  one  of  yL' 
said  challices  [which  Challice,  Cos.]  was  sett  or  laide  vpo 
his  breast  in  yr  coftine  wth  hime  and  y  con  therof  nayled 
downe  to  yt,  And  verie  solemne  svice  don  at  there 
funeral  If. 

The   Prio'    and  ye  mounckes  had   ye  horsses,  charette, 
and   all   other  thinges   wch   came   w,h   hime,   [the  deceased 
Bi'i»,     Cos.]    being    dewe    vnto    theme    by    ther    Auncient 
Custoume,  as  mur  plainly  doth  appeare  in  ye  historie  of  y 
church  of  Durisme  at  large. * 

And  afterward  the  Bushopes  came  to  be  interred  and 
Buryed  wthin  the  abbay  church  of  Durisme,  and  not  in  the 
Chapter  house  in  these  latter  daies  as  follow"1.     (50) 


Roll, 

;.    1O00. 


1  Struck   out  and  "Crosier  slaffe"   interlined  secunda  manu;  "Crosier 
staffe"  i-i  Cos.,  1..,  C,  and  II.  44  ;  so  in  editions. 


58  RITES   OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,   (XXVIII.    Bishops  buried  within  the  Abbey  Church). 
1600. 

The   names   of  all   the   Bushops    of   Durisme   as  weare 

Sumpteouslye  Buried   out  of  ye  ehapter  house,  wthin   the 

Abbaie  churche  of  Durisme,  in  such  forme  and  fashio  as 

they  weare  accustomed  to  saie  mass,  wth  all  there  furniture 

belonging  therto    as  there   pdicessors  [Ancestors,    H.   45] 

had  in  the  chapter  house  as  is  afforesaid,  in  eiiy  respectes, 

as    by   there  seuall    raonum'f   over  theme   ik   inscriptions 

therevpo  may  appeare.      All  which    Bushops  were  great 

benefacturs  to  the  said  church  both  duringe  there  lyves, 

and  at  there  death  as  the  historie  of  yc  church  more  at  large 

declareth. 

Anthony  Beeke  Bushop  of  Durisme  and  patriarche  of 
Hierusalem  was  [bury ed  betwixt  ye  2  Alters  of  Sl  Adyan  & 
Sl  Ellen  in  yc  vtmoste  East  end  of  ye  Church  on  yc  North 
side  of  Sl  Cuthb:  shrine  in  a  faire  Marble  Tombe*  vnder  a 
lardge  Marble  stone  beinge,  H.  45]  the  first  Bushop  that 
eu  attempted  to  be  buried  in  the  abbay  church  out  of  the 
chapter  house,  and  to  lye  so  neare  the  sacred  shrine  of 
Sacte  Cuthbert.  [yc  wall  beinge  broken*  downe  att  ye  end  of 
y°  Alley  to  bringe  hym  in  wth  his  Coffin  wch  contynued 
vntill  yc  suppression  of  yL'  Abbey,  H.  45.]  [And  ye  first 
Layman  yl  ever  had  any  lycense  to  be  buried  wthin  yc  sd 
Church  was  Raphe  Lord  Nevile"  al's  Daw-Raby  first  Earle 
of  Westniland1  and  John  Lord  Nevile  his  sonne  wth  theire 
wives  who  was  admitted  to  be  buried  in  yc  body  of  yc  sd 
Church  betwixt  Two  Pillers  in  yc  South  Angle  of  ye  same 
Whose  Tombes  were  standinge  very  lately  vntill  the  Scottes 
were  brought  Prisoners  from  Dunbarr  and  ymprisoned 
wthin  yc  saide  Church  in  ye  yeare  1651  wch  now  are  vtterlye 
defaced,  they  had  the  honno  to  be  buried  for  yc  great 
battayle  they  wonn  att  Durham  where  they  tooke  David 
Kinge  of  Scots  Prisoner  and  where  his  brother  was  slayne 
wlh  many  More  of  yc  Nobility  of  Scotland,  soe  itt  may 
seeme  yl  yL  Scotts  defaced  ther  Tombes  in  remembrance  of 
that,  but  more  of  this  shall  follow  of  the  manner  of  yl 
battel  1.      H.  45]. 

1   This  is  a  mistake.     The  first   Earl  of  Westmoreland  was  the  grandson 
of  the  above. 


i  hi:  cemetery  garth.  5g 

(sO      Lodowicus  Bellomonte   ep'us.  Ro,,i 

Ricard'  de  Berye   ep  us. 
Thorn's  Hatfeilde*  opus. 
Walter0  Schirley'  ep'us. 
Thorn's  Langley*  ep'us. 
Robert0  Neivell    ep'us. 

Cuthbert?  Tunstall,  ep'us,  being  at  Commandem1  wth 
tharchbushoppe  of  Canterbery,  at  Lambethe,  there  dved  a 
professed  Catholicke,  and  lyethe  buryed  in  the  Church  of 

Lambeth,  where  he  was  first  maid  Bushop.1 

[Cuthbert  Tunstall  Bpp,  beinge  depriued  of  his  BPPricke 
by  queene  Kliz :  was  kept  prisoner  in  the  Arehbi'i's  house 
at  Lambeth  where  hee  dyed  and  was  buryed  under  a  faire 
marble  in  the  Parish  Church  of  Lambeth  where  hee  was 
consecrated  Bw  40  yeares  before.    Cos.  ] 

(XXIX.     The  Centry  Garth.) 

Ait  y  caste  end  of  the  said  Chapter  howse  [At  the  south 
side  of  the  quire,  Cos.]  there  is  a  garth  called  yv  centric 
garth"  where  all  the  pors  &  mounckes  was  buryed,  in  v" 
said  garthe  there  was  a  vaulte  all  sett'  wth  in  of  either  syd 
wth  maiso  wourke  of  stone  [free  stonn,  Cos.],  $c  likewise  at 
eyther  end,  tS:  oil  y  myddes  of  ye  said  vaut,  there  dvd  lv 
a  faire  throwgli  stone  X:  at  either  svde  of  the  stone  was 
open  [was  a  place  open,  Cos.]  so  that  when  any  of  y 
mounckC,  was  burved  Looke  what  bones  was  in  his  grave, 
they  wer  taiken  when  he  was  buryed  <Sj  throwne  in  v 
saidc  vault  wcl1  vaut  wras  maid  for  vr  same  purpose  [to  be  a 
Charnell  house  to  cast  dead  mens  bones  in,*  Cos. ] 

Also  ther  was  dyuf  gentleme  oi  good  wourship  that  was 
buryed  in  y  said  centric  garth,  because  they  would  be 
buryed  [they  desyred  to  lye,  Cos.]  neare  vnto  yl  holy  ma 
S'ct  Cuthb:  and  amongf  all  other  there  was  one  gentlema 
of  (52)  good  worn  (sic)  cauled  Mr.  Rackett  \\  was  buryed  in 
ye  said  centry  garth  nigh  vnto  v  i.\  alters  dour  over  against 
yc  holy  ma  S1  Cuthb:  [S1  Cuthberts  shrine,  Cos.]  wdl  had 
a  faire  to um be  over  him  &  a  fair  white  Bible  stone  aboue 

1  "done  amonges  theme  selves     at  a  joining  ol  the  paper. 


6o  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,    ye  Said  toumbe,  wheron  was  pictured  very  curyouslye  ye 

c.  iooo.  pjctur  0f  y.e  sajcj    ]yjn    Rackett  all  in   Brasse     in  his  cote 

arm  wth  his  sword  girdyd  about  him  to  his  side,   and  at 

euy  corn  of  yc  said  mble  stone  one  of  y°  iiij  evangelistf 

all  in  Brass  likwise  [cutt  in  brasse,  Cos. ] 

There  was  an  other  gentleman  called  Mr.  Elmden  which 
was  buryed  in  the  said  garth  hard  wthout  the  nyne  alter 
Dure,  [besides  him,  Cos.]  wth  a  faire  throwgh  stone  aboue 
hym  :  w1'1  dyiise  other  gentleme  whiche  was  buryed  there 
tyme  out  of  memory  all  wch  ar  now  defaced  &  gone1  [whose 
memoryes  are  now  perished,  Cos.] 

Also  in  the  saide  place  where  all  the  Priors  and 
Mounckes  was  buryed  in  auncyent  tyme  called  the 
Centorie  garth  all  which  Prio,s,  when  thei  diede  had  euy 
one  a  goodlie  fair  throwgh  stone  layd  vpo  their  Toumbes 
or  graves:  Some  of  them  of  mble  and  some  of  free  stone, 
[a  tombestone  either  of  marble  or  free  stone,  Cos.  ]  which 
stones  Deane  Whittingh:  did  cause  to  be  pulled  downe 
[taken  away,  Cos.]  and  dyd  breake  and  deface  all  such 
stones  as  had  any  pictures  [of  brass  or  other  imagerie 
worke,  interlined]  or  challices  wrought  vpo  theme.  And 
the  Residewe  he  caried  them  all  awaie,  and  did  occupie 
theme  to  his  owne  vse  &  dide  make  a  washinge  howse  of 
many  of  them  [at  the  end  of  the  Centorye  garth,  Cos.]  for 
women  Landerers  to  washe  in,  so  that  it  cannott  be 
decernyd  at  this  psent  that  eu  any  hath  bene  buried  in  the 
said  Centorie  garth  yt  is  maid  so  plaine  and  streight  [euen, 
Cos.]  for  he  could  not  abyde  anye  auncyent  monum'f,  nor 
nothing  that  appteyned  to  any  godlie  Religiousnes  or 
monasticall  liffe.  [by  which  act  hee  shewed  the  hatred 
that  hee  bare  to  the  memories  of  his  predecessors  in 
defacinge  so  rudely  theire  ancient  and  harmlesse  monu- 
ments,   Cos.] 

(XXX.     Holy-Water  Stones). 

And  also  wlllin  the  said  abbei  church  of  Durisme  yel 
was  two  Holy  Water  stones"  of  fyne  mble  very  artificially 
maide  and  grave  and  bost  wth  hollowe  Bosses  vpo  yc  outer 

1  A  heading,  "  The  Cloysters,"  here  follows  at  a  joining  of  the  paper. 


HOLY-WATER    STONES.  6l 

sydes  of  vr  stones  verie  fvnly  &  curiouslie  wrowghte.  Ko11- 
The  stone  at  ye  north  dor  [of  the  church,  Cos.]  was  a  fair 
grete  large  one,  the  other  at  ye  south  dor  was  not  halfe  so 
great  nor  so  large,  but  of  ye  same  worke  that  ye  other  was 
of,  (53)  wch  two  holie  water  stones  was  take  awaie*  by  Deane 
Whittingha  <S:  carved  into  his  kitching  &  put  vnto 
pfayne  vses  :  and  ther  stoode  during  his  liffe  in  wdl  stones 
thei  dvd  stepe  vCI  beefe  and  salt  fysh  in  havinge  a 
conveiance  in  v  bottomes  of  them  for  letting  furth  y<- 
water,  as  thei  had  when  they  weare  in  the  church.  And 
|after  his  death,  Cos.]  the  great  holie  water  stone  is 
removed  into  the  lower  end  of  y1'  Deanes  Buttrie  where  the 
Water  Counditt  is  sett,  &  next  vnto  ye  Wyne  Seller,  wher 
in  now  thei  [that  therein  the  seruants  might,  Cos. ]  wash 
and  make  cleane  ther  pottf  and  cuppes  before  they  sve 
theme  at  vL'  table.  The  foote  of  ye  said  greater  holie  water 
stone  was  laid  wthout  y°  church  dor,  and  now  yt  is  [was 
afterwards,  Cos.  ]  placed  in  ye  earthe  in  Lambes  shop  y 
black  smyth  vpo  fframygaite  brige  end  :  and  is  there 
now  to  be  sene.* 

Moreoii  Mris  Whittingha  after  the  death  of  her  husband 
toke  awaie  the  lessor  holie  water  stone  out  of  ye  Deanes 
kitching,  and  browght  yt  into  her  howse  in  ye  bailye 
I  north  balye,  Cos.  ;  North  Bailev,  H.  44;  old  bayly  (in 
Durham),  L.  ;  the  (blank)  Bayly,  C.  ;  North  Bailv,  Dav. J 
&  sett  it  there  in  her  kitchinge,  &  also  did  carrye  awaie 
dvtise  grave  stones,  of  Blewe  nible  &  other  throwgh 
stones,  that  did  lv  vpo  yv  pors  &  mounckes  out  of 
y  centrie  garth  when  she  buylded  her  house  in  the 
balev,  wch  stones  some  of  theme  ar  laid  in  y1'  Threshold  of 
y  dores,  and  two  great  ones  lyeth  wlhout  the  doures  oil 
against  the  waule  before  her  dor  [before  her  front  stead,  Cos., 
H.  44],  for  the  wch  facte  she  was  com  play  ned  vpo  and  so 
laid  those  two  \\lllout  ye  dour  that  before  was  maid  wall 
fast  wlhin  her  house  [wch  howse  came  after  to1  Mr.  Jo: 
Barnes  and  after  to  Mr.  Jo:  Richardson  who  lived  theire 
a  longe  season  but  in  his  tyme  ther  came  an  olde  man  wth 
comly    gray    hayres    to    begg   an    Almes,    and    lookeinge 

'  From  this  point  to  the  end  of  the  extract  tin-  writing  of  MS.  II.  4^  U 
different. 


62  RITES    OV    DURHAM. 

Roll,  aboute  hym  vpon  ye  Tombe  stones  wch  lay  in  yc  court 
'  yard  saide  to  ye  pty  yl  came  to  hym  that  whilest  those 
stones  were  theire  nothinge  wolde  prosper  aboute  v"  howse 
and  after  dius  of  his  children  &  others  dyed  so  he  caused 
them  to  be  removed  into  ye  Abbey  yard  wher  now  thev 
are"  but  before  ye  Almes  came  to  serve  ye  man  he  was 
gone  and  never  seen  after  wch  saide  howse  is  since  sould 
by  Mr.  Jo:  Richardson  his  grandchild  to  one  Ambrose 
Myers,*  a  Plommer.  this  is  verified  bv  dills  nowe  livinge. 
H.  45.]  Thus  mai  yow  se  how  godli  thingf,  which  ar 
maid  for  ye  vse  of  gods  svice  in  ye  church  ar  put  now  to 
pfayne  vses,  wch  were  ordeyned  affortvme  for  good  & 
godly  vses  in  ye  church.  [thus  these  sacred  monumls 
which  were  erected  to  continue  ye  memories  of  good  men 
here  on  earth  shee  rased  and  abused  them  by  imploving 
them  to  prophane  vses.     H.  44.]      (54) 

(XXXI.  A  Song  School  in  the  Centorv  Garth.)* 

There  was  in  ye  Centorie  garth  in  vnder  ye  south  end  of 
ye  church,  cauled  ye  south  end  of  y  ix  alters  [in  ye 
Sanctuarv  yard  att  ye  backe  syde  of  yL'  ix  Alters,  H.  45] 
betwixt  two  pillers"  adioyning  to  yL'  ix  alter  Dour,  a  song 
schoole  buylded,  for  to  teach  vj  children  for  to  learne  to 
singe  for  ye  mayntenance  of  gods  Divine  svice  in  ye 
abbey  church,  wch  Children  had  there  meat  and  there 
drinke  of  ye  house  coste  amonge  the  children  of  thalmarie,* 
wch  said  schoole  was  buylded  many  yers  since  wthout 
memorie  of  man,  before  the  suppression  of  ye  house  :  and 
ye  said  schoole  [was  builded  together  with  the  church,  and 
Cos.]  was  verie  fynely  bourded  wlhin  Rownd  about  a 
mannes  hight  about  yu  waules  and  a  long  deske  [did 
reache,  Cos.]  frome  one  end  of  ye  scoole  to  thother  to  laie 
there  bookes  vpo,  and  all  the  floure  Bourded  in  vnder 
foote  for  warmnes,  and  long  formes  sett  fast  in  ye  ground 
for  ye  Children  to  sitt  on.  And  ye  place  where  yL"  m1  did 
sitt*  &  teach  was  all  close  bordede  both  behinde  and  of 
either  syde  for  warmnes,  And  ye  said  mr  was  bownd  [his 
office  was  to  teach  those  6  children  to  singe  and  Cos. 1  to 
plaie  on  y(   orgains  eiiy  pncipall  daie,  when  ye  mounckf 


THE   CLOISTERS.  63 

did  sino-  ther  high  messe  &  likewise  at  evinsong,  but  v  Ro''> 
niouiiekC  when  thei  weare  at  there  mattens  &  svice  at  mya- 
nighte,  thene  one  of  y  said  mounckf  did  plaie  on  theorgains 
themeselves  &  no  otber,  so  that  y  nv  was  not  bownd  to 
plaie  but  on  v  pneipall  dates  in  \"  high  messe  tyme  &  at 
evinsqng  as  is  afforsaide.  Also  ye  m1  of  y  said  Childrin 
bad  his  chamber  nyghe  vnto  y  said  schoole  a  litle  distant 
from  it  where  he  did  live,  having  his  meite  &  drinke  in  y 
pors  ball,  emongf  v  pors  gentleme*  and  all  his  other 
necessaries  found  of  y-'  por  tS:  of  ye  house  coste  besydf, 
vntill  such  tyme  as  ye  bouse  was  supprest,  and  shortlie 
after  because  ther  was  no  techinge  in  that  scoule  any 
long  ,  but  tawght  in  an  otber  place  or  scoule  appointed 
for  y1  purpose,  so  that  ye  foresaid  scoole  in  ye  Centorie 
garth  is  clene  gone  to  decaie  and  pulled  downe  that  one 
cannot  tell  almost"  in  what  place  yt  did  stand. 

(XXXII.)    The  Cloysters.i 

The  xiij0  yere  (sic)  of  ye  Callandf ;  of  aprill  'DC'lxxxvij0 
[6S4,  Cos.  and  H.  44,  wrongly;  687,  L.,  C,  rightly]  Sncte 
Cuthbert  endyd  his  liffc,  and  was  buryed  in  Holy  Eland 
(where  he  was  buship  iij°  yeres)  in  Sacte  Peters  church,  (55) 
by  ye  alter  of  ve  east  svde  in  a  grave  of  stone  that  was  for 
hi  me  maid  to  be  buried  in,  &  also  xj°  yere  after  that  he  had 
bene  beryed  &  lyne  there,  in  Sacte  Peters  church  in  Holy 
eland,  he  was  taken  out  of  y  ground  the  xiij°  of  the 
callandf  of  aprill  in  v  same  Callendf  that  he  dyed  in, 
whole  King  like  to  a  ma  sleping,  being  found  saife  «S: 
vncorrupted  &  lveth  waike,*  and  all  his  masse  clothes  saife 
&  freshe  as  thev  weare  at  ye  first  houre  that  they  weare  put 
on  him,  and  inshrvned  him  in  a  fereture  light*  [a  little, 
Cos.,  H.  44,  L.,  C,  Dav.2\  aboue  the  pavement,  and  there 
he  stoode  many  adav,  he  was  anckor  xiij°  yere,  also  he 
was  mouncke  xxxvij0  vere  and  after  xiiij°  yeares  abbot. 

[he  is  said  to  be  descended*  of  the  blood    Royal   o(  the  Ms-  ' -■■ 
kings    o(    Ireland,    being    son    of    one     Muriardach    and 
Sabina   his   wife,   that  was  daughter  unto  a    King  there, 

'  Below  tliir^  heading,  at  a  joining  of  the  paper,  "When  Sacte  Cuthb : 
was  taiken  vp  at  Chester  by  aven,"  erased, 

-'  Omitu-il  in  later  editions. 


64  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  l.,  jie  was  brought  up  in  the  Abbey  of  Mailros,  first 
under  (his  predecessor)  Eata,  and  afterwards  under 
Boisill,  who  succeeded  Eata  there,  after  the  death  of 
Boisill,  he  was  made  Abbot  of  that  Monastery  which  he 
ruled  with  great  care  and  sincerity,  he  was  Anchor  thirteen 
veares,  also  he  was  Monk  thirty  seven  yeares,  and  Abbot 
fourteen  yeares.  Also  in  the  year  855  Eardulf  being  Bpp, 
at  which  time  certain  Danes  and  Pagan  Infidels  of  sundry 
other  nations  invaded  and  destroyed  the  Realm  of  England 
in  diverse  places,  and  after  a  certain  space  Halden  King  of 
the  Danes  with  a  great  part  of  navy,  and  army  of  the 
infidells  arrived  in  Tinmouth  haven  intending  to  sojourne 
there  all  the  winter  Season  following,  and  in  the  next  suilier 
he  meant  with  all  his  power  to  invade  spoil  and  destroy  the 
County  of  Northumberland  whereof  when  Eardulf  the  Bpp 
had  intelligence  he  with  all  his  clergie  and  people  after 
long  consultation  had  among  themselves,  what  course  was 
to  be  taken  in  that  extremity,  for  eschewing  the  barbarous 
cruelty  of  the  savage  and  merciless  Infidells,  and  in  the  end 
calling  to  memory  the  words  and  monition  delivered  by  Sl 
Cuthbert  to  his  brethren  a  little  before  his  departure  out  of 
this  life  (who  amongst  other  wholesome  counsells  and 
godly  admonitions  then  delivered  and  uttered  these  or  the 
like  words,  viz.  If  you  my  brethren  shall  be  at  any  time 
hereafter,  urged  or  constrained  unto  one  of  the  two 
extremities  following,  I  do  much  rather  wish,  and  choose 
that  ye  shall  take  my  bones  up,  and  flie  from  these  places, 
and  take  your  place  of  abode,  and  stay,  wheresoever 
Almighty  God  shall  provide  for  you,  than  by  any  means  to 
submit  yourselves  to  the  yoke  and  servitude  of  wicked 
schismatiqf ,  which  words  he  then  spake,  by  the  spirit  of 
Prophesie  foreseeing  the  perills  of  the  times  to  come. 
L.,  C,  Dav.\ 
Roil,        And    also    Buship    Eardulfe    and    abbott    Edrede*  (56) 

c  1600.  ^j^  tajke>  Carry,  &  beare  awaie  ye  bodie  of  Sacte 
Cuthb:  frome  Holy  Eland  southward,  and  fledd  vij°  yere 
from  towne  to  towne  for  ye  great  psecuc'on  &  slawghter 
of  the  panymes  &  Danes  ;  and  me  of  yL'  shire*  when  they 
sawe  that  S;1cte  Cuthb:  bodye  was  gone  they  leift  there 
landi    &  there  good\    &  followed  after;  &  so  ye  bush:  ye 


i6oo. 


THE    CLOISTERS.  f>.S 

abbott,  and  the  reste,  being  weirye  of  travellinge  thought  Ki;n 
to  haue  stowlne  awaye  &  caried  S*cte  Cuthb:  body  into1 
Ireland  for  his  better  saifftie,  and  being  vpo  y  sea  in  a 
shippe,  was  by  myricle  nivcilous  by  iij°  waves  of  water 
was  turned  into  bloode.*  The  shippe  that  they  weere  in, 
was  drove  back  by  tempest  &  by  ye  mightie  powre  of  god 
(as  it  should  seame)  vpo  yc  shore  or  land.  And  also  y 
saide  shippe  that  they  weere  in  (by  ye  grete  storme  & 
strong  Raging  walls  of  yL'  sea  as  is  aforesaid)  was  turned 
on  ye  one  syde,  and  ye  booke  of  ye  Holie  Evangelistf*  fell 
out  of  ye  ship  into  ye  bottom  of  ye  sea,  the  wch  booke  being 
all  addorned  wlh  gould  &  psious  stones  of  ye  out  syde,  & 
they  being  all  troubled  wth  great  sorrowe  for  ye  losse 
o(  v  said  booke,  one  Hunredy  being  admonished  and 
eofnaunded  by  ye  visio  of  S:1cte  Cuthb:  [appearinge, 
interlined]  to  seeke  yc  booke  that  was  loste  in  ye  sea,  iij° 
myles  &  more  fro  ye  land,  &  as  they  weere  admonishede 
they  found  y  booke  much  more  bewtifull  than  it  was 
before1  both  in  l'res  &  leaves  excelling  ye  vtter  bewtie  of  ye 
cover,  being  nothing  blemyshed  by  ye  water,  as  thoughe  it 
had  been  towched  by  some  heavenly  powere.  And  also  by 
the  foresaid  visio  of  Sacte  Cuthb:  [being  vpon  the  shore, 
interlined]  thev  sawe  a  bridle  hinging  in  a  tree,  &  lookynge 
aboute  hym  he  dyd  see  a  read  horse"  wth  cufnyng  towardt 
him,  by  gods  pvisio  dyd  offer  him  selfe  to  be  brydled,  to 
ease  ycl  travell  in  cariage  of  the  beare  wherein  Sacte 
Cuthbt:  bodie  laide. 

And  then  they  went  wth  him  to  crake  mynster  &  Rested 
there  iiij0  monthes  wlh  his  body  and  afterward  brought  him 
to  Chester  [Cuneagecester  (now  called  Chester  in  the  streat), 
L.,  C,  Dav.]  the  yeare  of  ye  incarnac'on  "CCCCCCCC* 
lxxxiij0  from  Sacte  Cuthbtf  daie  at  least  'C'xxvi0  past  since 
Aldun<;  fledde  away  wth  yfc  bodie  of  Sacte  Cuthb*:  when  it 
had  lyne  at  Chester  -C:xiij0  yere  for  ye  great  psecuc'on 
&  Robbing  &  spoiling  of  ye  panemes  or  Danes,  and  fled 
to  Rippon  w1'1  his  body  [to  lye  by  the  bodye  of  holy 
Sl  Wilfride,  Cos.],  [and  wthin  iiij°  monthes]1  there  warres 
dyd  seas,   [&  then]2  cumynge  back  againe  when   all  was 

1  "When"  erased,  and  these  words  interlined. 
Over  "  &  "  erased. 

5 


66  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  in  quietnes  thinkinge  to  haue  browght  hime  back  to 
'  Chester  againe,  &  cuminge  wth  hime  on  yc  east  syde  of 
Durhm,  to  a  place  called  Warde  Lawe,*1  they  could  no 
further  beare  him, 

[They  could  not  with  all  their  force  remove  his  body 
from  thence,  which  seemed  to  be  fasten'd  to  the  ground. 
Dav.] 

(57)  [f°r  tnat  ^e  Chariott  wherein  the  holy  Corps  was 
carried  miraculously  stood  immoveable  either  by  the 
strength  of  man  or  beast.      L.,  C] 

the  Buship  &  ye  people  fasted  iij°  daies,  and  praied  to 
god  wth  great  Reuence  &  devoc'6  to  knowe  from  god  what 
they  shoulde  doe  wth  him,  and  Revelac'on  had  they  to 
carry  him  to  Dun  home, 

[and  revelation  had  they  (being  revealed  to  one  Eadmer 
a  vertuous  man)  to  carry  him  to  Dunholm  (which  is 
compounded  of  two  Saxon  words,  Dun  signifying  an  hill, 
and  Holm  an  Island  in  a  river  (and  there  he  should  receive 
a  place  of  rest)  and  as  they  were  going,  etc.  L.,  C] 
and  as  they  weare  going  they  had  intelligence  by  a  woma 
lacking  her  kowe*  where  yl  Dunhome  was,  and  streight 
way  they  brought  hime  to  that  place  of  Dunhome 
myriculouslye  in  yp  yere  of  olir  Lord  DCCCCXCv  where 
there  was  nothing  but  a  great  Rush  of  thornes*  and  other 
thick  woodf  growinge,  and  there  for  to  reaste  and  Remayne 
for  no  further  they  could  cary  him.  And  there  they 
buylded  a  litle  chappell  of  wandf*  [and  bowes  of  trees,  L., 
C]  &  ther  in  they  him  layd  or  sett  vntill  such  tyme  as  a 
better  kirke  was  buylded.  The  Buship  came  wth  yc  corse, 
and  with  all  his  force  dyd  wourship  it,  also  he  fynes  ye 
place  ther  defensable  wth  thick  woodf  &  great  Rushes  as  is 
aforesaid,  vntill  Vthred  earle  of  northumberland  caused  all 
the  Countrye  to  taike  in  hand  to  hewe  &  cute  downe  all  ye 
woode  that  there  was  growing  to  make  vt  inhabitable  & 
then  ye  buship  beganne  to  worke,  and  buylde,  &  to  make 
a  mykle  kirke  of  stone,  and  whels  it  was  in  makinge  fro  me 
ye  Wandyd  kirke  or  chapell  they  brought  yc  body  of  that 


'  Warden-law,    L.  ;    Wardlaw,    Jlnv.  ;    Wardenlawe,    C,    Hunter's   and 

Sanderson's  editions. 


THE    CLOISTERS.  67 

holie  ma  S'cte  Cuthb't:  &  translayted  him  into  an  other  Roll, 
White  Kirke  so  called,  <S:  there  his  body  Remayned  iiij" 
veares,  while  \"  more  kvrke*  was  buvlded,  tlien  the  Buship 
Aldun"  dxd  hallowe  v  mure  kyrk  or  gret  kirke  so  called 
before  v  kallendC  of  September,  &  translated  Sncte  Cuthb: 
body  out  o(  v  white  kirke  into  v  great  kyrke  as  sone  as  ye 
great  kirke  was  hollowed  {sic)  to  more  worship  then  before./ 
Also  Aldun0  dyd  ordayne  &  make  ye  buship  sea  to  be  onelv 
ther  in  Durh™  contynewally  for  eii.  King  Oswald  & 
aydane  first  began ne  the  bushipes  sea  in  Holy  Eland1  from 
ye  wch  tvme  "CCClxj0*  to  \"  cufnvnge  of  Aldun^2  who 
ordanvd  the  bushipes  sea  of  Durham,  fro  yc  tyme  that  Sacte 
Cuthbt:  passed  out  of  this  world3  fro  thence  it  was  'CCC'ix0 
\  cures  &  then  Aldun0  depted  hence  out  of  this  world  iij° 
veres  after*  yl  he  had  founded  &  stablished  ye  bushipes  sea. 
The  buvldinge  &  first  foundinge  of  ye  abbei  church  in 
Durh™  vl  now  is  was  in  ye  vere  of  o~  Lord-*  ■M'xxii0  yeres 
paste,  bv  Bushippe  Will'm  and  Prio'  Turgott*  wth  all  y 
mounkf,  wch  caused  ye  old  church  buylt  by  Aldun0*  to  be 
pulled  downe,  &  buylding  it  anewe  begining  at  ye  first 
floore.  Thei  weare  ye  first  yl  laid  ye  first  foundac'on  of  y 
($S)  stones  in  ye  ground  woorke  where  ye  grete  abbey  church 
is  nowe  founded  [and  builded,  L.,  C]  Bushippe  Will'm 
caused  to  make  all  ye  great  kirke  &  caused  ye  mounkf  dalie 
for  to  woorke  at  it  out  of  service  tyme.  The  buship  ordey ned 
before  ve  people  por  Turgot  to  be  Asdeacon  [Archdeacon, 
Cos.,  H.  44,  L.,  C,  and  edd.]  before  he  dyed,  &also  his  vicar 
generall.  And  ye  foresaid  buship  Wyll'm  did  place  ye 
mounckf  of  Jarrowe  &  Wermouthe  being  of  Sl  Benedictf 
order  in  yL  Rowmes  of  ye  Cannons  for  ther  evill  & 
nawghtie  livinge.  And  when  yc  abbey  church  was  buylded 
&  finished*  then  was  he  taike  vp  out  of  thother  church 
called  yL  White  church,*  &  translaited  &  browght  into  y 
said  Abbey  church,  being  inshryned  aboue  ye  ground  of 
iij°  yerdt  highte  in  a  most  Sumptuous  &  goodlie  shrine 
aboue  yc  high  alter  called  yL"  fereture.*  And  y°  booke  of  yc 
holie  Evangelest  wch  was  lost  in  yL"  sea*  as  is  aforesaide, 


a.d.  635.  A.n.  995. 

A.D.    687.  4    A.D.     IO93. 


6S  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,    Was  pserved  &  keapt  in  ye  said  monasticall  or  abbey  church 
'  of  Durhm  where  yc  bodie  of  holie  Sl  Cuthb:  doth  lie  as  a 
place  most  worthie  of  so  psyous  a  booke  browghte  to  light 
againe  thorowgh  his  Revelac'on.* 

(XXXIII.     The  Cloisters.     Saint  Cuthbert's  Tomb). 

And  there  was  maide  a  faire  toumbe  of  stone*  in  ye 
cloyster  garth,  a  yerde  hight  fro  ye  ground  where  yl  holie 
ma  was  first  browght  to  &  laide,  [when  he  was  translated 
owte  of  the  White  Church  to  be  laide  in  ye  Abbey  Churche, 
H.  45]  &  a  faire  great  broad  playne  throwghe  stone  layd 
aboue  ye  said  toumbe.  Then  afterward  was  there  a  goodlie 
&  verie  large  &  greate  thicke  Imadge  of  stone,  beinge  ye 
picture  of  yl  holie  ma  S'cte  Cuthb:  verie  fynely  and 
curiouslie  pictured  &  wrowghte  in  ye  saide  stone  wth 
paintinge  &  giltinge  mveilous  bewtifull  &  excellent  to 
beholde  in  forme  &  fashio  as  he  was  accustomed  to  saie 
masse  wth  his  myter  on  his  head  &  his  croisier  staff  in  his 
hand.  And  ye  said  picture  was  caried  &  laid  aboue  ye  said 
toumbe  of  stone  :  yt  was  rered  vp  of  either  syde  &  at  both 
endf  aboue  ye  said  stone  wourke  verie  close  wth  wood 
stanchels  yl  a  ma  coulde  not  haue  gotten  in  his  hand  betwixt 
one  stanchell  &  another,  but  haue  looked  in  &  sene  ye 
picture  of  yl  holie  ma  Sl  Cuth:  lyinge  therein,  and  coiled 
oil  aboue  all  verie  fynely  &  closlie  wth  lead  like  vnto  a 
litle  chappell  or  church  wch  did  stande  contynewallie  vnto  ye 
suppressio  of  ye  house,  as  a  memorie  and  speciall  monum1* 
of  ye  first  cumynge  of  that  holie  ma  Sl  Cuth:  being  onely 
maid  (59)  &  placed  yer  to  yl  end,  wch  did  stand  in  ye  cloister 
garth  oil  against  ye  ploure  dour  where  thorowgh  ye 
mounckes  was  caried  to  be  buried  wch  is  nowe  maid  a 
Regisf  house,*  and  also  it  did  cotynue  to  yL>  suppressio  of 
ye  house  as  is  aforesaid  &  after  vnto  ye  tyme  of  Deane 
Home  &  the  he  caused  ye  said  monum1  to  be  pulled  down 
&  converted  ye  leadf  &  all  to  his  owne  use.  &  yc  said 
Image  of  St.  Cuth:  was  sett  on  y*  one  syde  against  ye 
cloister  wall  oil  annenst  ye  pier  dor  as  yei  go  thorowgh 
into  ye  Senturie  Garth  :  &  after  when  Whittingha  came 
to  be  deane   he  caused   ye  saide   Image  to  be  defaced  & 


THE    CLOISTERS.  69 

broken  all  in  peaces,  to  thintent  that  there  should  be  no  K"11, 
memory  nor  token  01  that  holie  ma  S'ete  Luthbert  wcn  was 
.sent  iS:  browght  thether  by  v  powre  &  will  o(  almightie 
god  \\ih  was  v  occasio  of  ye  buylding  of  the  sayde 
monasticall  Church  and  House  where  they  haue  all  there 
livingf  and  couiodities  to  lyve  on  at  this  daie. 

[Although  he  was  sent  by  merviie  from  god  &  by  whose  ^Is-  H.  45, 
meanes  ther  was  soe  great  revenues  geiven  to  y  Church. 
And  now  all  whole  taken  away  c\:  y  Church  and  all  therto 
ready  to  come  downe.  And  in  y  first  yeare  of  King 
Edw:  \"  6th  ther  was  certaine  comm15*  apoynted  to  deface 
all  Popishe  ornamb  in  pishe  churches  whose  names  were 
Docto  Harvy  and  Docto  Whitby*  who  did  deface  a 
goodly  &  rich  Shrine  in  Sl  Nicholas  church  called  Corpus 
Christi  Shrine  wdl  Docto  Home"  did  treade  and  breake 
in  peices  wlh  his  feet  wth  many  other  ornamentf.     H.  45.] 

(XXXIV.     Thk  Cloistkks.1) 

[The  13th  day  of  the  Kalends  of  Aprill  684,  [687,  note  by  MS.  Cos., 
Dr.  Hunter  \  Sl  Cuthb.  ended  this  life  and  was  buryed 
in  St.  Peters  church  in  the  holy  Island,  where  he  BiJi>  3 
yeares)  in  a  graue  of  stone  that  was  made  on  purpose  for 
him  to  bee  buryed  in.  And  11  yeares  after  hee  was  taken 
out  of  the  ground  the  13th  of  the  Kalends  of  Aprill  in  the 
same  Calends  that  hee  dyed,  and  his  bodye  was  found  safe 
iS:  uncorrupt  and  lyinge  like  one  asleepe,  with  all  his 
masse  cloathes  safe  and  fresh  as  they  were  at  the  first 
when  they  were  put  on  him,  at  which  time  they  enshrined 
him  in  a  feretor  a  little  aboue  the  pauement  of  the  church 
where  hee  lav  a  long  space.  And  after(6o)ward  Eardulphus 
Bpp  and  Abbot  Kadred  about  the  yeare  890  did  carrye  away 
his  bodye  from  holv  Island  southward,  and  fled  with  it  7 
yeares  from  towne  to  towne,  because  of  the  great  perse- 
cutions and  slaughters  wch  were  made  by  the  painims  and 
the  Danes.  And  the  men  of  that  Hand  when  they  sawe 
that   the    body   of  theire   holy    Saint   was   gone,    they    left 

1  The  two  preceding  Chapters  or  Sections  as  they  stand  in  tin*  MS.  Cosin 
afford  so  many  important  additions  and  various  readings  that  they  are  here 
subjoined  at  length.  They  are  almost  the  same  in  II.  44  and  in  the 
editions.     But  MSS.  I.,  and  C,  on  the  whole,  correspond  with  the  Roll. 


/O  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos..  theire  land,  and  goods,  and  followed  after  him,  and  the 
Bpp  and  the  Abbott  and  the  rest  beinge  wearyed  with 
their  dangerous  trauells,  thought  to  haue  stollen  away  and 
to  haue  carryed  the  body  of  theire  holy  Sl  along  with  them 
into  Ireland  hopinge  there  to  bee  safe  and  quiet,  and 
beinge  uppon  the  sea  in  a  shipp  3  waues  miraculously 
were  turned  into  bloud  and  the  shipp  was  driuen  back  by 
tempest  unto  the  shore  againe  and  by  the  boysterous 
windes  and  raginge  waues  it  was  turned  on  the  one  side, 
and  the  booke  of  the  holy  Euangelists  (curiously  written 
and  adorned  with  gold  and  pretious  stones  on  the  couer) 
did  fall  out  of  the  shipp  into  the  bottome  of  the  sea,  w^'1 
disaster  did  sore  perplex  and  afflict  them,  but  Sl  Cuthbert 
beinge  loath  to  see  his  honourers  so  sore  troubled  and  so 
full  of  sorrow,  did  appeare  in  a  uision  unto  one  Hundredus 
and  comanded  him  that  they  should  seeke  diligently  for 
the  booke  uppon  the  coastes  there  aboutes,  where  they 
found  it  3  miles  from  the  sea  shore  Cast  (as  it  seemed)  by 
the  force  of  some  waue  and  carried  thither  by  the  uiolence 
of  some  happye  gale  of  winde  or  by  some  diuine  power  for 
the  comfort  and  confirmation  of  these  faintinge  monkes  in 
theire  religious  worsP  of  Saint  Cuthb:  wch  holy  booke  was 
far  more  beautifull  and  glorious  to  looke  uppon  both 
within  and  without  then  it  was  before,  beinge  nothinge 
blemished  with  the  salt  water,  but  polished  rather  by  some 
heauenly  hand,  wch  did  not  a  little  increase  theire  ioy,  but 
beinge  wearyed  with  the  seekinge  of  that  booke,  and  with 
bearinge  about  Sl  Cuthberts  bodye  (see  againe  the  com- 
passion of  theire  saint)  hee  presented  to  their  eyes  a  bridle 
hanginge  upp  in  a  tree,  and  a  redd  horse  runninge  towards 
them,  wch  did  offer  himselfe  to  bee  bridled  and  to  ease 
theire  paines  in  caryinge  of  the  chest  wherin  Sl  Cuthberts 
body  was  laid,  uppon  wch  horse  they  caryed  him  to  Crake 
minster,  and  rested  them  4  moneths,  and  from  thence 
brought  him  to  Chester  Anno  Do:  887  :  [833,  in  marg.  by 
Hunter]  where  they  remained  113  yeares  duringe  the  rest 
of  the  time  of  the  Danes  warrs,  in  the  end  wherof  Aldwinus 
then  Bpp  fledd  with  Sl  Cuthberts  body  to  Rippon  to  lye  by 
the  bodye  of  holy  Sl  Wilfride,  but  4  moneths  after  theire 
ariuinge  at  Rippon,  the  Danes  warrs  did  cease,  and  then 


THE    CLOISTERS.  71 

intend(6i)inge  to  brincre  him  backe  againe  to  Chester,  and  Ms-  *-',,s-- 

—  •  •    1        1    •  1  •    1      '      c     1  a         1    -  1  c-    i(j2°- 

coininge  with  him  on  the  east  side  ol  Uurna  to  a  place 
called  Ward-lawe  they  could  not  with  all  their  force  remoue 
his  bodve  from  thence  w,h  seemed  to  bee  fastened  to  the 
ground,  which  strange  and  unexpected  accident  wrought 
great  admiration  in  the  harts  of  the  Bpps  monkes  and  theire 
associates,  and  erg,1  they  fasted  and  prayed  tliree  dayes 
with  greate  reuerence  and  deuotion,  desiringe  to  know  by 
reuelation,  what  they  should  doe  with  the  holie  bodye  of 
Saint  Cuthb:  Wch  thinge  was  granted  unto  them,  and  therin 
they  were  directed  to  carrye  him  to  Dunholmne,  but 
beinge  distressed  because  they  were  ignorant  where 
Dunholme  was  (see  theire  good  fortune)  as  they  were 
goinge  a  woman  that  lacked  hir  Cowe  did  call  aloude  to 
hi r  companion  to  know  if  shee  did  not  see  hir,  who 
answered  with  a  loud  uoyce  that  hir  Cowe  was  in  Dun- 
holme  (a  happye  and  heauenly  Kccho  to  the  distressed 
monkes,  who  by  that  meanes  had  intelligence  that  they 
were  at  the  end  of  theire  iourney)  where  they  should  finde 
a  restinge  place  for  the  body  of  theire  honoured  saint,  and 
theruppon  wlh  great  ioy,  and  gladnesse  brought  his  body 
to  Dunholme,  Anno  Domini  999  [Hunter  in  marg.  995 j, 
W*  was  inculta  tellus  a  barbarus  and  rude  place  reple- 
nished with  nothinge  but  thornes  and  thick  woods  saue 
only  in  the  midst  where  the  Church  now  standeth  which 
was  plaine  and  coiriodious  for  such  a  purpose,  where  they 
first  builded  a  little  Church  of  wands  and  branches  wherin 
they  did  lay  his  body  (and  thence  the  church  was  after- 
wards called  bough  church)  till  they  did  build  a  more 
sumptuous  church,  wherin  they  might  inshrine  him, 
which  they  assayed  to  doe  with  all  theire  power,  Vthred 
Earle  of  northumberland  aidinge  them,  and  causinge  all 
the  cuntry'  to  cutt  downe  the  wood  and  thorne  bushes  wch 
did  molest  them,  and  so  made  all  the  place  where  the  citye 
now  standes  habitable  and  titt  to  erect  buildinges  on, 
which  gaue  great  encouragement  to  Alwinus  the  Bpp  to 
hasten  the  finishinge  of  his  church,  w,h  accordingly  did, 
and  then  did  translate  Sl  Cuthberts  body  from   the   wanded 

1  So  in  .MS.,  lor  ergo. 


72  KITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  [or  bowg,1  interlined]  church,  to  the  white  Chapell  (for  so 
it  was  called)  which  hee  had  newly  built,  wch  was  a  part*  of 
the  great  church,  wch  was  not  yett  finished  where  it  lay  4 
yeares,  but  after  the  great  church  was  finished  and  conse- 
crated uppon  the  20th  of  September  hee  translated  his 
bodye  out  of  the  white  Chappell  into  the  great  Church 
which  hee  made  a  Cathedrall  erectinge  his  Bpps  sea  at 
Duresme  (where  it  still  remaineth)  about  377  [Hunter  in 
marg.  361]  yeares  after  it  was  first  founded  in  the  holy 
Hand  by  Sl  Aidaine,  and  saint  Oswald  wch  was  (62)  Anno 
Dom  :  635  ;  and  ^t,  [Hunter  in  marg.  309]  yeares  after 
the  death  of  Sl  Cuthb:  wch  was  Anno  Dom:  684:  [read 
687]  wch  sd  Aldwinus  Bpp  dyed  3  [read  2T,]2  yeares  after  hee 
had  founded  his  Bpps  sea  in  Duresme,  and  finished  his  Cathe- 
drall church  in  the  yeare  1020.  wch  church  was  famous 
with  the  succession  of  six  Bpps  in  it.  But  Willia  Carlipho 
beinge  not  well  content  with  the  smalnesse  and  home- 
linesse  of  that  buildinge  did  pull  it  all  downe  76  yeares 
after  Aldwinus  had  finished  it  :  and  in  stead  thereof  did 
erect  the  magnificent  and  famous  buildinge  which  is  now 
to  bee  seene,  Malcolme  kinge  of  Scotts,  Turgott  then  prior 
of  the  church,  and  himselfe  lyinge  the  first  3  stones  in  the 
new  foundation  uppon  the  30  day  of  July  (as  some  say) 
or  uppon  the  1 1  of  August  (as  others  affirme)  Anno  Domi : 
1093  ;  [For  which  famous  work,"  Anthony  Beak  (one  of  his 
Successors)  with  a  great  sum  of  Money  got  him  to  be 
Canoniz'd,  Dav.]  and  caused  the  monkes  to  labour  in  that 
holy  worke  all  the  daye  longe  excepting  onely  meale  times 
and  times  of  prayer,  [king  Malcolme  being  the  chief 
benefactour  in  the  building  thereof,  L.,  C,  Dav.]  and 
appointed  Turgott  then  prior  to  bee  his  Archdeacon,  and 
Vicar  generall  within  his  diocesse,  and  goinge  to  Rome 
two  yeares  before  his  death  hee  obtained  license  of  pope 
Gregory  the  7th  to  remoue  the  monkes  wch  were  at 
Wermouth  and  at  Jarrow,  wdl  were  of  the  order  of  Sl 
Benett  to  his  church  at  Durha,  where  hee  placed  them  in 
the  roomes  of  the  Cannons,  wch  hee  expelled  for  theire 
lewd  and  lazy  Hues,  but  hee  did  not  liue  to  see  his  church 

'   Reading  doubtful  ;  H.  44  and  editions  have  "  bough." 
-  See  note  on  page  67. 


Mil:    CLOISTERS.  73 

finished  for  lie  dyed  A.  I):   1095  two  yeares  after  hee  had  MS.  Com. 

laid  the  foundation,  And   Ranulph  Flamberd  his  successor 
fauouringe  and  with  all   his   might  furtherance   so  good  a 
worke  did   in   the   29  yeares  that   he  was    BPP  build   the  s'1 
church  from  the  foundatio  allmost  to  the  coueringe,  but  it 
was  not  fully  finished  till  the  time  that  Nicholaus   Farnam 
was    BPP   and     Thomas    Melseome1    was    prior,    which    two 
good  men  did  areh   it  ouer"  A°   1242  and   lye  burved  both 
under  one  stone    in  the  ehapter  house  but  longe  before  the 
church  was  finished,  the  body  of  S'  Cuthb:  was  translated 
againe,  out  of  v  elovster  garth  where  Willia  Carlipho   Bpp 
had  made  him  a  verve  sumptuous  tombe  to  lye  in  when   he 
iemoned  him  out  of  the  old  church  wch  Aldwinus  built  for 
him,  wcl>  was  then  taken  downe  that  this  faire  church  now- 
extant  might  bee  erected  in  the  same  place  where  that  old 
church  was,      In  wdl  new  church  was  builded  a  faire  and 
sumptuous  shrine,  about  3  yards  from  the  ground  on  the 
back  side  of  the  great  Altar  wch  was  in  the  east  end  of  the 
quire,  where  his  body  was  solemnly  placed  in  an  iron  chest 
(63)    within   the   s(1   Shrine,    where   it   lay   quietly   without 
molestation  till  the  suppression  of  the  church  (as  is  aboue 
related)  and  the  booke  of  the  4  Euangelists  wdl  fell  into  the 
sea,  and  was  so  miraculously  brought  to  land,  and  found 
againe   was   laid    on    the   great   Altar  as  a  fitt   monument 
to   preserue   the   memory   of  so   great  a   Sl.     And   at  the 
west  end  of  the  church  Hugo  Pudsey  Bpp  of  Durha  and 
Harle  of  Northumberland  [King  Stephen's  nephew,     Dav.] 
did    build   a    uery    faire   ehappell    which    hee    dedicated    to 
the    uirgin    mary,    [and    was    called    the    Galilee,    ox    our 
Ladv's  Chappel,    but    now  simply  called    the   Consistory, 
Dav.]   and   there   in   a   siluer    Caskett   gilt  with   gold   hee 
laid   the   bones   of   uenerable    Bede,    and   erected   a  costly 
and    magnificent    shrine   oner    it   (as   aboue    is   declared). 
[He  also   Founded   the    Priory   of  Fiuklev,     in    honour  of 
Sl  Gordrick  the  Hermite.     He  Founded  also  the  Hospital! 
o\    Xllerton,'  and    the    famous    Sherburne-1  lospital,     near 
Durham.      He    built   also    Elvet-Jjridge   over   the    Weer, 
with  two  Chappels    upon  it.      He  also  built  both  a  Mannor, 

1  Should   In'  "Melsonby."      "  Melscomb,"  II.  44;   "Melseome,"  Dav,  ; 
"  Melsonby,'   II.  editions  and  Sanderson, 


74  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cos.,  and  Church  at  Darlington';  and  he  bought  of  King 
Richard  the  First  the  Earldome  of  Sadberge*  for  his 
Successors.  Dav.]  And  because  those  holy  Bishops  and 
Monkes  woold  not  bee  vnmindfull  of  the  least  fauour 
which  was  done  for  them,  and  for  the  honour  of  theire 
holy  Sl,  Aldwinus  on  the  out  side  of  his  Church,"  and 
Ranulph  Flambard,  accordinge  to  the  intention  of  Willia 
Calipho  the  founder)  did  erect  a  monument  [made  the 
Pourtraiture,  Dav.]  of  a  milke  maide  milkinge  hir  kowe," 
on  the  outside  of  the  north-west  turrett  of  the  nine  altars, 
at  the  buildinge  of  the  new  church,  in  a  thankfull  remem- 
brance of  that  maide  which  so  fortunately  in  theire  great 
perpexitye  directed1  them  to  Dunholme  where  the  body 
of  theire  great  saint  was  to  rest  untill  the  resurrection, 
which  monument  though  defaced  by  the  weather)  to 
this  day  is  there  to  bee  seene.     MS.  Cos  in.] 

[XXXV.]  [The  discription  of  the  tombe  wch  William 
Calipho  erected  for  Sl  Cuthbert  in  the  Cloyster 
jrarth  till  a  faire  shrine  mio-ht  bee  made  in  his 
new  church  wherin  hee  might  be  inclosed. 

Willia  Carlipho  Bpp  of  Durham  before  hee  tooke  downe 
the  old  church  builded  by  Bp  Aldwinus  did  prepare  a 
faire  and  beautifull  tombe  of  stone  in  the  cloyster  garth 
a  yeard  high  from  the  ground,  where  Sl  Cuthb:  was  laid 
untill  his  shrine  was  prepared  for  him  in  the  new  church 
that  now  is,  ouer  which  tombe  was  layd  a  faire  and  comely 
marble,  but  when  his  body  was  translated  to  the  feriture 
wher  it  was  (64)  inshrined  in  honour  of  him,  they  made 
a  goodly  large  and  curious  Image  of  marble  representinge 
Sl  Cuthbert,  in  that  forme  in  wch  he  was  wont  to  say 
masse,  with  his  miter  on  his  head  and  his  Crosier  staffe 
in  his  hand,  and  his  other  uestments  uery  curiously 
engrauen  on  the  sd  marble  wdl  after  his  body  was  in- 
shrined in  the  new  church)  was  placed2  aboue  the  sd 
tombestone,  and  round  about  the  sd  tombstone  both  at 
the  sides  and  at  either  end  was  sett  upp  neate  stanchells 

1   MS.  has  "  perpexitye,  "  and  seems  to  have  "  directem." 
-   "  Was  placed  "  is  repeated  in  the  MS. 


THE   CLOISTERS.  75 

oi   wood,   ioyned  so  close  that  one  coutd  not  put  in   his  ^Is-  c°s- 

hand  betwixt  one  and  other  but  might  onely  looke  in 
and  see  that  exquisite  picture  wch  laid  within  them,  and 
was  couered  aboue  with  lead  like  unto  a  chappell,  wh 
comely  monument  did  stand  in  the  Cloyster  garth  (till 
the  suppression  o\'  the  Abbey)  oner  against  the  parlour 
dore  through  w<*  the  monkes  were  carved  into  the  Centrye 
garth  to  bee  buryed  wdl  Parlour  is  now  turned  into  a 
storehouse  and  a  roomc  made  aboue  it  for  the  registers 
office,  But  shortly  after  the  Abby  was  supprest,  deane 
Home  tooke  downe  that  faire  and  ancient  monument, 
and  conuerted  the  leads  and  wood  and  stone  thereof  to 
his  owne  use  vet  left  the  Image  of  Sl  Cuthbert  perfect 
and  sett  it  on  the  side  of  the  cloyster  wall  against  the 
said  parlour  dore  through  which  the  monks  went  into 
the  centrye  garth,  But  when  deane  Whittingha  did 
beare  authoritie  in  this  church,  hee  caused  that  Image, 
as  hee  did  many  other  ancient  monuments)  to  bee  taken 
downe  and  broken  in  peices  beinge  religiously  loath  (as 
it  should  seeme)  that  any  monument  of  Sl  Cuthbert,  or 
of  any  man  (who  formerly  had  beene  famous  in  this 
church  and  great  benefactors  thereunto,  as  the  priors 
his  predecessors  were)  should  bee  left  whole  and  u tide- 
faced,  in  memorye  or  token  of  that  holy  man  Sl  Cuthbert, 
wch  was  sent  and  brought  thither  by  the  power  and  will 
of  allmightie  god,  which  was  the  occasion  of  the  buildinge 
o(  the  s'1  monasticall  church  and  house  where  they  haue 
all  theire  liuinges  and  cofnodities  to  Hue  on  at  this  day. 
MS.  Cos  in.  ] 

(XXXVI.     Tin-:  Cloister.)    The  east  Alley. 

And  also  vt  was  long  &  many  yeres  after  or  (euer,  Cos,]     Roll, 
the  cloyster  was  buylded  vnto  ye  tyme  o\  Buship  Skirley  c*  lb00* 
(65)  [Skirlawe,  Cos.]  and   Bushop  Langley,    who  were  y< 
first  founders 

I  And    also    it    was   long  and    many   veares  after  on   (sic)  MS.  L., 
the  Cloyster  unto  the  time  o(  Hpp.   Walter  Skirlam   (sic)     ,t>5b' 
who  was  first  consecrated  Hpp.  o(  Litchfield,  he  satt  there 
one  year  and   was  translated   to   Wells,  there  two  veares. 


76  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  L.,  ancj  jn  September  1388  removed  to  Durham,  he  gave 
towards  the  building  the  Cloyster  two  hundred  pound  in 
his  life  time,  and  four  hundred  pound  in  his  will  (he 
bestowed  also  two  hundred  and  twenty  pound  in  building 
the  Dirivatory*)  he  satt  Bpp.  of  Durham  18  yeares,  and 
died  in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1406,  and  after  him 
Thomas  Langly  Bpp.  gave  to  the  building  of  the  said 
Cloisters  838//.  17^.  ob.  so  that  these  two  Bishopps  were 
the  first  founders     L.,  C,  Harl.,  Dav.] 

Roll,  &  buylders  of  ye  said  Cloyster  and  dyd  bear  all  yc 
°'  charges  of  the  buylding  and  workmanship  of  y°  said 
worke  and  was  the  first  that  dyd  cause  from  ye  cloister 
dour  to  yc  church  dour  to  be  sett  in  glasse  in  yc  wyndowes 
yc  hole  storie  &  myricles1  of  that  holie  ma  Sacte  Cuthb: 
from  ye  daie  of  his  Nativitie  &  birth  vnto  his  dyinge  daie, 
and  ther  yow  should  haue  sene  and  beholden  his  mother 
lying  in  her  child  bedd  [and  how  that,  Dav. ]  after  she 
was  delyued,  the  brighte  beames*  dyd  shyne  fro  heave 
vpo  her  &  vpo  ye  child  where  he  did  lye  in  ye  Cradle, 
that  to  euy  mans  thinking  yc  Holie  ghoste  had  over 
shadowed  hime  :  for  euy  one  that  did  se  yt  [sitt,  Cos.] 
dyd  thinke  that  yc  house  had  bene  [set,  Cos.]  all  on  fyre, 
yc  beames  dyd  shine  so  bright  011  all  ye  house  both  wthin 
&  wthout :  and  also  ye  Bushop  baptized  ye  childe  &  did 
call  him  Mullocke  [hullocke  or  Yullocke  ?,  Cos.  ;  Yullock, 
Dav.]  in  the  Irishe  tounge  ;  the  wch  is  in  Inglishe  asmuch 
as  to  saie  Cuthbert,  the  foresaid  Bushops  name  who 
baptized  and  [who,  etc.,  interlined  over  that,  erased]  had 
ve  keapinge  of  ye  vertuouse  and  godly  childe  is  called 
Vgeni9,  ye  name  of  the  Citie  that  ye  childe  Sacte 
Cuthbert  was  baptized  in  is  called  Hardbrecins*  [hard 
brecumb,  Cos.],  for  he  was  blessed  of  god  evin  fro  his 
mothers  wombe  so1  that  euy  myracle  that  he  did  after 
frome  his  Infancye  was  sett  there  by  it  selfe,  &  in  vnder 
euV  mvracle  there  was  Sertain  verses"  sett  furthe  in  latten 
that  dyd  declaire  the  contentf  and  meaning  of  euy  myracle 
and  storie  bv  yt  selfe  in  most  excellent  coulered  glasse, 
most  artifficiallye  sett  furth  and  curiouslie  [marueilouslye, 

1   "  blessed  " "  wombe  so  "  repeated  on  joining  of  paper. 


NIK    CLOISTERS.  77 

Cos.]  wrowght  being  lyvelie  to  all  y  beholders  thereof,  Ro,,i 
and  the  storie  wrh  was  in  the  wyndowes  there,  was  onelv 
sett  vp  in  yl  place  by  y  charges  of  thes  two  godly  and  well 
disposed  Bushoppf  to  be  annexed  and  adioyned  wth  the 
said  ton m be*  in  ye  cloister  garthe  [in,  etc.,  interlined],  &  his 
pieture  thervpo  most  lvvelv  to  beholde  to  be  a  memoriall 
of  v<-  said  holie  man  Sacte  Cuthb:  that  euv  one  that  came 
thorowghe  the  Cloyster  mighte  se  all  his  liffeand  myracles 
from  his  birth  &  Infancy  vnto  his  dying  day,  and  he  was 

o  "...  r. 

Coined  of  a  pncelie  Raice\  ffor  his  father  was  prynce  & 
his  mother  a  princes  dowghter,  as  mav  a  peare  by  v 
history  at  large.  And  after  in  kyng  Edward  tvme 
[vj°. ,  interlined]  this  story  was  pulled  downe  by  Deane 
Home  &  broken  all  to  peces,  for  he  might  neu  abyde  any 
auncient  monum'f,  actes,  or  deades,  that  gave  any  light 
of  godly  Religion. 

Also  ther  is  in  ye  said  Cloist1  aboue  hed,  (in  sellering  in 
Wainscot,1)  certaine  Bushopf  armes*  and  noble  mes  armes, 
(66)  both  knightf  and  me  of  wourship  who  had  bestowed 
any  thing  of  vl  church. 

(XXXVII.     The  Cloister.     Maundy  Thursday.) 

There  was  a  goodlie  [goodly,  L.;  godly,  Cos.,  H.  44; 
certaine,  C.  ;  a  ceremony,  H.  4^1  ceremonve  wch  ye 
por  and  the  Mounckes  dyd  \se  eu\-  Thursdaie  before  east' 
called  maundy  thursdaie,*  the  custoume  was  this,  ther 
were  xiij°  [xviij,  Cos.  and  Dav. ]  poore  aged  me*  appoynted 
to  cume  to  y  cloyster  as  that  daie,  havinge  there  feete 
clene  washed  there  to  remayne  till  such  tvme  as  v  por  & 
the  whole  covent  dyd  cume  thether  at  ix  a  clock,  or  ther 
aboutt\  y  aged  me  sytting  betwixt  ye  pier  dour  &  \- 
Church  dour,  vpon  a  fair  longe  broad  thicke  fourme,*  wrh 
fourme  laie  on  iij°  peces  of  wood,  euy  pece  pictured  like 
unto  a  ma  antick  wourke  verie  fynely  wrought,  being 
placed  for  y  feite  of  y<  fourme,  in  vnder  either  end  one, 
&    one    in    v     mvddf,   W<*    forme  dvd   stand    alwaies  in   V 

*  *•  1 

church  beyond  y  Revester  dour  betwixt  two  pillers  oil 
i\:  against  y°  quere  doure  on   v   southsyd  of  v  quere,  \vlh 

1   Interlined  in  blacker  ink,  by  a  different  bul  eoaeval  hand  ;  alsii  in  I..,  c'. 


78  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,    fourme  was  taiken  &  caried  euy  maundie  thursdaie  before 

C.    1600.  .     .  ,  4)  r 

easter  to  ye  cloister,  where  ye  por  alter  certaine  praiers 
said,  one  of  his  svantf  did  bring  a  fair  baison,  wth  clene 
water,  &  ye  por  dyd  washe*  ye  poore  mens  fete,  all  of 
theme,  one  after  an  other  wth  his  owne  handf,  <&  dryed 
them  wth  a  towell,  and  kissed  ther  feite  hime  selfe,  wch 
being-  done,  he  did  verie  liberally  bestowe  xxxd  in  money*  of 
euy  one  of  theme,  wth  vij°  reade  herringr/  a  pece,  and  did 
sve  them  him  selfe,  wlh  drinke  &  iij°  loves  of  bread,  wth 
certaine  wafers*,  and  when  all  was  done  ye  forme  wch  was 
ordayned  onely  for  that  purpose,  was  caried  againe  into  ye 
church,  &  sett  in  ye  same  place  where  yt  was  taken  fro 
that  me  might  also  sit  on  yt  ther,  when  they  came  to  here 
devine  svice  [wch  fourme  is  yet  remaynynge  vnder  ye  te 
deum  wyndowe  &  the  clock.1] 
MS.  L.,  [Also  when  one  goeth  forth  of  the  Cloyster,  through  an 
1656.  Entry  in(;0  the  Deans  Lodgin  at  the  head  of  the  staires 
behind  the  door  called  the  Usher  door,"  and  on  the  right 
hand  behind  ye  sd  door  there  is  another  door  that  goeth 
into  the  Register,  wherein  certain  old  written  bookes  of 
records  of  Evidence  of  the  Monasticall  house  of  Durham 
did  lie,  and  also  there  did  lie,  a  Copie  of  the  foundation  of 
the  hospitall  of  Greatham,"  which  was  also  registred  in  the 
said  old  written  (67)  bookes  of  records,  and  there  to  be  found 
if  anything  should  chance  by  misfortune  of  fire  or  other- 
wise unto  the  foundation  of  the  said  hospitall  of  Greatham, 
which  Register  house  was  a  long  time  without  memory 
both  before  and  after  the  suppression  of  the  house,  a 
Register,  and  the  keeper  of  the  said  Register  was  called 
George  Baites  and  he  was  also  the  Clerke  of  the  Feretorie 
at  that  time,  and  it  was  near  the  Register  house  untill  of 
late  that  M1"  Tobias  Matthew"  Dean  of  Durham  altered  the 
state  of  it  unto  another  place  called  the  Parlour  as  is 
aforesaid.     L.,  C,  Dav.] 

(XXXVIII.     The  Cloister.)     The  South   Alley. 

Roll,        There  was  on  ye  south  syde  of  ye  cloister  adioyni'ge  to  ye 
c'  '  °°'  side  of  yu  cloister  dour  a  stoole  or  seat*  wth  iiij°  feete  &  a 

1  Added  in  a  coaeval  hand  ;  also  in  L. ,  C,  and  H.  44. 


THE    PRATER    HOUSE.  79 

back  of  wood  ioyned  to  y  said  stoolc  wch  was  maid  fast  in  Ro11- 
v  wall  for  V  porter  to  sytt  on  \v,h  did  keapc  y*'  cloister 
doure.  And  before  the  said  stoole  it  was  bourded  in  vnder 
foote  for  warmenesse  :  and  he  that  was  yL'  last  porter  ther 
was  called  Edward  Pattinson  ;  And  fro  y  said  stoole 
westward  on  ye  south  svde  there  was  a  faire  longe  bench 
of  Stone'  almost  to  y1'  frater  hous  donr,  where  on  dyd  syt 
certen  Childrin  a  Row  from  ye  one  end  to  y  other,  vpo 
Maundv  thursdaie  before  easter,  being  maide  for  that 
purpose  :  Where  all  y  whole  covent  of  Mounckf  at  that 
same  present  tyme  had  euv  one  of  them  a  boy  appointed 
them  sytting  vpo  y  saide  bench,  wher  y  said  monkf  dyd 
wash  v  said  childryns  feete,  &  dryed  them  wth  a  towell  wctl 
being  done  they  dyd  kisse  yc  said  childrins  fete  eiiy  one  of 
those  he  washed,  giving  to  eiiy  childe  xxxd  in  mony  and 
vij°  redde  heringf  &  iij°  loves  of  bread,  and  eiiy  one  certaine 
wafercakes,  [a  wafer  Cake,  H.  44]  the  monckf  svinge  euv 
childe  wlh  drinke  them  selues,  yc  godly  ceremony  thus 
endyd  after  certaine  pL1ers*  said,  by  ye  por  &  ye  whole 
covent  they  dyd  all  dept  in  great  holynesse. 

And  at  ye  end  of  v  said  bench  betwixt  it  &  y  frater 
house  dour,  ther  was  a  fair  almerie  Joyned  in  y  wall  &  an 
other  of  ye  other  syd  of  ye  said  dour,  &  all  yc  forept  of  the 
almeries  was  thorowgh  carved  worke  [for  to  geve  ay  re  to 
the  towels1],  &  iij°  dors  in  ye  for  pt  of  either  almerie,  &  a 
locke  on  eiiy  doure  and  euv  mounke  had  a  kev  for  v1'  said 
almerves  wher  in  did  hinge  in  euv  almerie  cleane  towels 
for  v  mounkf  to  drie  there  handf  on  when  they  washed  & 
went  to  dyn.  And  the  stoole  &  bench  Tobie  (68)  Mathewe 
dean  of  Durham  caused  to  be  taiken  downe  and  maid  as 
plavne  as  is  v  rest  of  y  floore  of  the  Cloyster. 


(XXXIX.)     The  frater  house. 

In  y  said  south  allie  of  y  cloysters  is  a  faire  larg 
hall'  called  y  frater  house"  wherein  v  greate  feaste  of 
Sacte  Cuthb:  daie  in  lent  was  holden, 


1  Interlined  in  a  contemporary  hand,  but  in  different  ink,     In  L.,  C,  but 

not  in  Cos. 


SO  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  L.,  [In  the  South  Alley  of  the  Cloysters  is  a  fair  large  Hall 
'(,",<>'  called  the  Fraterhouse  which  is  finely  wainscotted*  both  on 
the  North  and  Southside  thereof,  and  in  the  West  and  neither 
[nether,  C]  part  of  the  Fraterhouse  there  is  a  fair  long  bench 
of  hewen  stone,  Mason  work  to  sitt  on  which  is  from  the 
Seller  door  to  the  Pantry  or  Covey  door'  and  above  the 
Bench  is  wainscotted  work  two  yards  and  an  half  of  height, 
which  is  finely  carved  and  sett  with  Imbroidered  work*  of 
wainscott  and  guilted  under  the  carved  work,  and  above  the 
Wainscott,  there  was  a  goodly  fair  great  picture  of  our 
Saviour  Christ  and  the  blessed  Virgin  Mary  and  Sl  John 
in  fine  guilting  work,  and  most  excellent  coloures,  which 
pictures  have  been  washed  over  wth  Lime,  and  yet  do 
appear  through  the  Lime,  this  Wainscott  work  hath 
engraven  in  the  top  of  it  Thomas  Castell  Prior  Anno  Dni 
1 518  Mensis  Julii,  so  it  is  manifest  that  Prior  Castell  did 
wainscot  the  Fraterhouse  round  about,  and  within  the  said 
Fraterhouse  door  on  the  left  hand  as  one  goeth  in,  there  is 
a  very  strong  Ambry"  in  the  stone  wall  where  a  great 
Mazer"  called  the  grace  cup*  did  stand  in,  which  did  serve 
the  monkes  every  day  after  grace  was  said  to  drink  in 
throughout  the  table,  which  cup  was  largely  and  finely 
edged  about  with  silver  and  double  guilt  with  gold  and 
many  more  large  and  great  Mazers  after  the  same  sort, 
amongst  whom  was  a  goodly  great  Mazer  called  Iudas 
Cupp,*  which  was  also  edged  largely  and  finely  about  with 
silver  and  double  guilt  with  gold  with  a  foot  underneath  it 
to  stand  on  of  silver  and  double  guilt  with  gold  which  was 
never  occupied  but  on  Maunday  Thursday  at  night  in  the 
Fraterhouse,  where  the  Prior  and  all  the  whole  Covent  did 
meet  and  kept  their  Maundy  as  that  day  at  night 
evermore,  and  also  there  did  lie  in  that  same  Ambry 
the  goodly  Cup  called  Sl  Beedes  Bowl,  the  outside  whereof 
was  of  black  Mazer,"  and  all  the  Bowl  within  the  Mazer 
was  all  of  silver,  and  double  guilt  with  gold,  and 
in  the  midst  of  it,  was  the  picture*  of  that  holy  man  Sl 
Beede,  sitting  as  if  he  had  been  writing  at  the  foot  of 
the  said  bowle,  was  all  of  silver  and  double  guilt  with 
gold,  with  four  joynts  of  silver*  coming  down,  on  every 
side  one  (double  guilt  with   gold)  from   the  edge  to  the 


11II-:    PRATER    HOUSE.  8l 

foot  to  be  taken  a  sunder,  and  (6q)  all  the  cheif  plate  did  Mf-  ' -•• 
lie  onely  in  that  Ambry,  that  served  the  whole  Covent  in 
the  said  Frater  house  on  the  festival  dayes,  and  a  fine 
work  of  carved  wainscott  before  it,  which  had  a  fine  strong 
lock  on  the  said  Ambry,  that  none  could  percieve  that 
there  was  any  Ambry  at  all,  for  the  hole  of  the  lock  where 
the  key  went  in,  was  under  the  carved  work  of  wainscott, 
also  there  is  another  fair  large  Ambry*  within  the  said 
Frater  house  door,  on  the  right  hand  as  you  go  to  the 
Cellar  adjoyning  to  the  door,  a  goodly  fair  large  Ambry 
of  wainscott  having  diverse  Ambry's  within  it,  finely 
wrought  and  varnished  all  over  with  red  varnish,  wherein 
did  lie  all  the  Table  clothes,  and  also  the  Salts  and 
Mazers,  a  bason  and  Ewer  of  Latten  wth  other  things 
did  stand  within  the  said  Ambry  pertaining  to  the  Frater 
house  and  to  the  Loft  where  all  the  Monkes  did  dine 
&  sup  in,  and  every  Monke  had  his  Mazer*  severally 
bv  himself  that  he  did  drink  in,  and  had  all  other  things 
that  served  for  the  whole  Covent,  and  the  Fraterhouse 
in  their  dayly  service  at  their  dyett,  and  at  their  table, 
and  all  the  said  Mazers  were  all  largely  and  finely 
edged  about  with  silver,  and  double  guilt  with  gold, 
and  also  a  very  fair  bason  and  Ewer  of  Latten,  the  Ewer 
purtrayed  like  unto  a  horse  and  a  man  sitting  on  his 
back  as  if  he  had  been  riding  a  hunting  which  served 
the  Sub  Prior  to  wash  at  the  aforesaid  table,  where  he 
did  sitt  as  chief,*  the  bason  and  Ewer  were  a  very  fine 
piece  of  work. 

And  within  the  aforesaid  Fraterhouse  the  Prior  and 
the  whole  Covent  of  the  Monkes  held  their  great  feast 
of  Sl  Cuthberts  day  in  Lent,*  having  their  meals  served 
out  of  the  Dresser  Window  of  the  great  Kitchin*  into 
the  Fraterhouse,  and  their  drink  out  of  the  great  Cellar. 
L.,  C,  Dav.] 

&  in  ye  est  end  being  y    hiest  pte  of  v1'  fraterhouse,  &    Roll, 
adioyni'ge  to  y  deanes  house  was  taiken  downe  by  deane  c"  1<xx>' 
Whittingham   y   hie   roufe  of  lead,  &   enclosed   it  to  his 
house  &   vse,  and  maid  it  a  Matt  roufe  of  lead,   whereby 
j      said   deane   Whittingha   gayned   at   yi    leaste   xx1'   by 
6 


82  RITES   OF    DURHAM. 

Ro11-  taikei'g  downe  v  said  hie  roufe  of  leade,  also  in  yL'  said 
'  east  end  of  ye  fraterhouse  stoode  a  fair  table  wth  a  decent 
skrene  of  wainscott  oil  it,  being  keapt  all  yL"  rest  of  ye 
vere  for  the  mr  of  the  novicies,*  &  yu  novicies  to  dyn 
&  sup  in  [having  their  meat  served  in  to  them  in  at  a 
dresser  window  from  the  great  kitchin  into  the  Prater 
house  and  their  drink  out  of  the  great  Cellar."  L.,  C]  at 
wch  tyme  \T(J  m1  observed  thes  holsome  and  godlie  orders 
for  v  Contvnewallie  instructing  of  ther  youth  in  vertew 
&  lerning  :  that  is  one  of  yL  novicies,  at  y°  electio  & 
appovntment  of  ye  m1,  dyd  reade  suine  pte  of  ye  old 
&  new  test'ment,  in  latten  in  dyn  tyme,  having-  a 
convenyent  place  at  the  southe  end  of  ye  hie  table 
wth  in  a  faire  glasse  wyndowe  invyroned  wlh  Iron,  and 
certaine  steppes  of  stone,  wth  Iron  rayles  of  thone  syde 
to  goe  vp  to  it,  and  to  support  an  Iron  deske  there 
placed,  vpo  wch  laie  ye  holie  bible.  Where  one  of  yL 
novicies  elected  by  ve  m1  was  (70)  appointed  to  read  a  chapter 
of  ye  old  or  newe  testem1  in  latten  as  aforesaid  in  tvme 
of  dyn  :  wch  being  ended,  the  mr  dyd  toule  a  gilden 
Bell*  hanging  oil  his  hed  therbv  givinge  warnyng  to 
one  of  ye  Novicies  to  cufne  to  yc  hie  table  &  saie  grace 
and  so  after  grace  said,  they  depted  to  ther  bookes. 

(XL.  The  Laver  or  Conduit.) 
Within  ye  cloyster  garth  oil  against  yL'  fraterhouse 
dour,  was  a  fair  laver  or  counditt*  for  ye  mounckf  to 
washe  ther  handf  &  faces  at,  being  maid  in  forme 
Round"  coiled  wlh  lead  and  all  of  mble  saving  ye  [verie]i 
vttermost  walls.  Wthin  ye  weh  walls  yow  may  walke  rownd 
about  ye  laver  of  mble  having  many  litle  Cundittf  or 
spoutf  of  brasse'  wth  xxiiij0  Cockes  of  brasse  Rownd  about 
yt,  havinge  in  yt  vij°  faire  wyndowes*  of  stone  woorke, 
and  in  the  Top  of  it  a  faire  dovecotte,  coiled  fynlv 
oil  aboue  wth  lead,  the  workmanship  both  fyne  &  costly 
as  is  appar'nt  till  this  daie.*  And  adioyninge  to  ve  est 
syde  of  the  counditt  dour,  ther  did  hing  a  bell*  to  geue 
warning,  at  a  leave  of  ye  clock,  for  ye  mounckf  to  cufne 
wash  and  dyne,  having  ther  closettf  or  almeries*  on  either 

1  Tliis  word  interlined  in  a  hand  of  the  same  date,  but  in  different  ink, 


["HE    CLOISTERS.  83 

syde  o(  y  frater  house  Jour  keapl  alwaies  w"1  swete  and    Ro,,i 
clone  towels  as  is  aforesaid  to  drie  ther  handf. 

(XLI.     The  Cloister.)    The  Northe  Alley. 

In  the  north  syde  o\'  y  cloister  from  ye  Corn  oil  against 
v  Church  Dour  to  y  corner  oil  againste  the  Dorter  dour 
was  all  tynely  glased'  from  ye  hight  to  y  sole  wthin  a  1  i tie 
of  \"  grownd  into  ye  cloyster  garth,  &  in  euy  wyndowe 
iij"  pewes  or  carrel  Is*  where  euy  one  of  the  old  monkf 
had  his  Carrel  1  seuall  by  him  selfe,  that  when  they  had 
dvned  they  dyd  resorte  to  that  place  of  cloister,  and  there 
studyed  vpo  there  bookf,  euy  one  in  his  carrell  all  ye  after 
nofie  vnto  evensong  tyme,  this  was  there  exercise  euy 
daie  :  all  there  pewes  or  Carrells  was  all  fynely  wainscotted, 
and  verie  close  all  but  yL'  forept  wch  had  carved  wourke  vl 
gave  light  in  at  v"  carrell  doures  of  wainscott :  and  in 
euy  Carrell  was  a  deske  to  lye  there  bookes  on  ;  and  \ " 
(71)  carrells  was  no  greater  then  from  one  stanchell  of  the 
wyndowe  to  another.  And  over  against  the  carrells  against 
the  church  wall  did  stande  staine  great  almeries*  [or 
Cupbordt\  H.  45]  of  waynscott  all  full  of  bookes  [wth 
great  store  of  antient  Manuscript^  to  help  them  in  ther 
studdy,  H.  45],  wherein  dyd  lye  as  well  the  old  auncyent 
written  Docters*  of  the  Church  as  other  pphane  authors, 
wth  dyuse  other  holie  mens  wourkf,  so  that  euy  one 
dyd  studye  what  Docter  pleased  them  best,  havinge  the 
librarieat  all  tymes  to  goe  studie  in  besydes  there  Carrellf. 

(XLII.     The  Cloister.)     The  Weaste  Alley. 

In  y-'  weast  alley  of  ye  cloysters  towardf  ve  northe  ende, 
vndernethe  ye  Dorter  and  adioyning  vnto  ye  staires  that 
goe  vp  to  y  Dorter  is  ye  Threserhouse*  (where  there 
besst  evidence  c\*  yL'  chapter  seale*  ar  keapt)  of  verie  strong 
and  perfect  workmanshippe  belonginge  to  y-  por  and 
Covent. 

The  West  Angle. 

In  yl  Angle  on  y  south  side  of  yc  Dormiter  doore  ther  is  Ms.  u.  4: 
a  stronge  howse  called   y    treasure  howse  where  all  ther     c'     5S" 
tresure  was  kept.      And  in  y-  Midst  o(  itt  was  a  great  o( 


84  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

.MS.  11.  45,  jron  from  yc  ground  to  ye  Roofe  of  ye  howse  wth  a  doore  of 
Iron  into  itt  and  a  faire  table  wth  a  green  cloth  wher  also 
was  kept  ye  Evidencf  &  many  gentl  sent  ther  evidence  to 
be  kept  ther  for  safety  as  also  ye  Chapter  seale,  And  over 
agl  the  tresure  howse  doore  was  a  place  where  yc  Novices 
did  learne.  And  ther  was  neyther  stranger  nor  any  other 
suffered  to  molest  them  in  ther  studdy  for  ther  was  a 
Porter  appointed  for  yl  purpose. 

The  West  Alley   of  ye  Cloysters. 

ms.  l.,  In  the  west  side  of  the  Cloyster,  on  the  south  side  of  the 
1  *  *  Dorter  door,  a  little  distant  from  the  said  door,  there  is  a 
strong  house  called  the  treasure  house,  where  all  the 
treasure  of  the  house,  when  it  was  a  religious  house  did  lie, 
it  hath  a  very  strong  door,  with  two  strong  lockes  upon  it, 
and  within  the  said  treasure  house,  in  the  midst  of  it,  a  very 
fair  strong  grate  of  Iron  sett  fast  in  the  ground  work,  and 
in  the  roof  of  the  house  also,  and  likewise  fast  in  either 
wall  the  breadth  of  the  house,  (being  very  strong  and  not 
for  any  to  break  it)  and  in  the  midst  of  the  grate  a  door  of 
Iron  according  to  the  workmanship  of  the  grate,  with  a 
strong  lock  on  it,  and  two  great  slotts  of  Iron  for  the  said 
door,  and  within  the  said  grate,  a  fair  Ivory  squared  table* 
covered  with  a  green  cloth,  for  the  drawing  and  telling  of 
their  money,  which  Treasure  house  is  yet  to  be  seen,  and 
the  Evidences  of  the  house  and  the  Chapter  Seal  with  the 
evidences  of  certain  gentlemens  land  in  the  country,  there 
lying  for  safeguard  of  them,  thinking  they  were  more  sure 
there  than  they  were  in  their  ow  custody,  being  in  great 
chests,  lockt  within  the  said  Treasure  house,  untill  now  of 
late  time  it  is  altered  and  changed,  and  their  treasure  and 
money  kept  in  a  fair  strong  house  over  the  East  gates  of 
the  Abbey  in  the  south  Bailey,  now  called  the  Exchequer 
and  in  the  said  old  treasury  is  kept  the  common  Chapter 
Seal. 

Over  against  the  said  Treasure  house  door,  there  was  a 
fair  great  stall*  of  wainscott  where  the  Novices  did  sitt  and 
learn,  and  also  the  master  of  the  Novices  had  a  pretty  stall 
or  seat  of  wainscott  adjoyning  on  the  south  side  of  the 


THE    DORMITORY.  85 

Treasure  house  door  over  against  the  stall  where  the  Nls-  '-•- 
Novices  did  sitt  and  look  on  their  bookes,*  and  there  did  '  >'",<'' 
sitt  and  teaeli  the  said  Novices  both  forenoon  (72)  and  after- 
noon, and  also  there  were  no  strangers  nor  other  persons 
suffered  to  molest  or  trouble  any  of  the  said  Novices  or 
Monkes  in  their  Carrel  Is,  they  being  studying  on  their 
bookes  within  the  Cloyster,  for  there  was  a  Porter  appointed 
to  keep  the  Cloyster  door  for  the  same  use  and  purpose.' 
L.,  C,  Dav.\ 

(XLIII.)    The   Dorter. 

Vpon  the  West  syde  of  the  Cloyster  there  was  a  faire  Ro,1i 
large  house  called  ye  Dorter*  where  all  ye  Mounk(J  &  ye  c" 
Novices  did  lve,  euv  Mouncke  having  a  I i tie  chamber  of 
wainscott*  verie  close  seuall  by  them  selves  &  ther  wvn- 
dowes  towardes  v°  clovster,  euv  wyndowe  servin^e  for  one 
Chambre  bv  reasoune  ye  pticio  betwixt  euv  chamber  was 
close  wainscotted  one  from  an  other,  and  in  euv  of  there 
wyndowes  a  deske  to  supporte  there  bookes  for  there 
studdie  ;  In  yc  weste  syde  of  ye  said  dorter  was  yL"  like 
chambers  &  in  like  sort  placed  wth  there  wyndowes,  and 
deskf  towardes  ye  ferniy  &  ye  water,  the  chambers  beinge 
all  well  bourded  vnder  foute. 

[Also  the  nouices  had  theire  chambers  seuerall  by  MS.  Cos. 
himselfe  not  so  close,  nor  so  adioyninge  [in  the  South-end  c"  lbJO* 
of  the  said  Dorter,  Dav.\  to  the  foresd  chambers  hauinge 
eight  chambers  on  either  side,  euery  nouice  his  chamber 
seuerall  by  him  selfe,  not  so  close  nor  so  warme  as  the  other 
chambers  was  there  was  no  windowes*  to  giue  light  but  as 
it  came  in  at  the  foreside  of  the  sd  chambers,  of  the  sd 
nouices  beinge  all  close  els  both  aboue  and  at  either  side. 
In  either  end  of  the  said  dorter  was  a  4  [fair,  L.,  C,  Dav.\ 
square  stone,  wherin  was  a  dosen  cressetts*  wrought  in 
either  stone  beinge  euer  filled  and  supplied  with  the  cooke, 
and  they  needed  to  giue  light  to  the  monkes  and  nouices 
when  they  rose  to  theire  matters  [Mattens,  L.,  C.  |  at 
midnight  and  for  their  other  necessarye  uses.      Cos. ] 

Also  there  was  a  faire  large  house*  and  a  most  decent    Roll, 
place    adioyninge    to    the    west    syd    of  the    said     Dortre,  c" 
towardes  y  water  for  y  mounckes  and  nouices  to  resort  vnto 


<S6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

RoNi  called  the  pvies,  wdl  was  maide  wlh  two  greate  pillers  of 
°'  stone  that  did  beare  vp  the  whole  floore  therof,  and  euy 
seate  and  pticio  was  of  wainscott  close  of  either  syde  verie 
decent  so  (73)  that  one  of  them  could  not  see  one  another, 
when  they  weare  in  that  place,  there  was  as  many  seates  of 
[or,  L.,  C]  pvies  on  either  svde  as  there  is  litle  wyndowes  in 
v  wall  [altered  to  wallf]  wdl  wyndowes  was  to  gyve  leighte 
to  euy  one  of  the  saide  seates,  wdl  afterward  was  walled  vp 
to  make  vc  howse  more  close  and  in  ye  height  of  yc  west  end 
there  is1  iij  fair  glass  wyndowes"  &  in  ye  southe  syde  in 
yL'  hight  over  ye  said  seates  is  an  other  faire  glass  wyndowe 
wch  greate  wyndowes  doth  gyue  lighte  to  all  ye  whole 
house.2 

Also  in  yc  Dortre  was  euy  nyght  [aboute  12  a  clocke, 
H.  45]  a  pvy  searche"  by  ye  suppor,  who  did  caule  at 
euy  mounckes  chambre  [by  ther  names,  H.  45],  to  se  good 
order  keapt,  yl  none  should  be  wanting  [as  also  yl  ther 
were  noe  disorders  amongest  them,  H.  45]  &  yy  mydest  of 
ye  said  Dorter  was  all  paved  wth  fyne  tyled  stone"  from 
thone  end  to  thother,  also  yc  said  suppors  chamber  was  yc 
first  chamber  in  ye  Dorter  for  seinge  of  good  order  keapt. 
The  Suppor  dyd  alwaies  dyne'"  &  sup  wth  yc  hole  covent 
and  ded  sytt  at  ye  over  [high,  H.  45]  end  of  ye  table,  & 
when  euy  ma  had  Supped,  wch  dyd  end  alwaies  at  fyve  of 
\ '  clocke  vpo  ye  Rynginge  of  a  Bell  to  gyve  warninge  to 
say  grace,  wch  being  said  they  deptid  all  to  yL' chapterhouse 
to  meite  yL'  por  euy  neight  ther  to  remayne  in  praier  & 
Deuoc'6*  till  six  of  ye  clocke,  at  wch  tyme  vpo  the  ringing 
of  a  bell  they  went  to  ye  Salvi,*  all  ye  dures  both  of  yu 
Sell[er],  the  fratre,  ye  Dorter,  and  yc  cloisters  weare  Locked 
evin  at  vj  of  y6  clocke,  and  yc  keys  delyued  to  yc  suppor 
vntyl  vij  [six,  Cos.  ;  seven,  L.,  C]  of  yL  clock  the  next 
morninge. 

(XLIV.)     The   Lofte.* 

The  mounckes  dyd  all  dyne  together  at  one  table,  in  a 
place  called  ye  lofte,  wch  was  in  yc  west  end  of  y  fratree 
[frater-house,    Cos.]    aboue   yc    seller,      the    Supprio      dyd 

'   "  is  "  erased  and  "  was  "  written  over, 
"vses"  before  the  next  line,  at  a  joining'. 


THE    LOFT.  87 

alwaies  sitt  att  v  vpperend  o(  v  table  as  cheeffe,  and  theye    K('"- 

111  ii-  1  •     1  •  •  1  c.  160a 

had  there  moat  served  from  \"  great  latching,  v  said  great 
kitchinge  seruinge    both  v  prio    and  all  vr  whole  covent.1 

[Ther  was  a  paire  of  stayres  wlhin  v  frater  house  w"hdid  MS.  11.  i.v 
goe  into  a  Loft  over  itt  where  v  ould  Monekes  did  dyne  & 
snpp  where  v  Subprio1  was  v  cheife,  they  were  served  wlh 
nieate  from  v  great  kitchinge  w"1'  hadd  two  dresser 
windowes*  into  ye  frater  a  greater  for  principal!  feastes  v 
other  for  etiv  day.      II.  45]. 

[And  also  there  was  a  door  in  the  west  end  of  the  Frater  MS.  L., 
hard  (74)  within  the  frater  house  door,  where  the  old  Monkes  '  5  ' 
or  Covent  went  in,  and  so  up  a  greece*  with  an  Iron  raile  to 
hold  them  by  that  went  up  into  a  loft  (which  was  in  the 
west  end  of  the  Frater  house)  wherein  the  said  Covent  and 
Monkes  did  all  dine  and  sup  together,  the  Subprior  did 
alwaves  sitt  at  the  upper  end  of  the  table  as  ehief  and  at 
the  Greece  foot  there  was  another  door  that  went  into  the 
great  Cellar,*  or  buttery,  where  all  the  drink  did  stand,  that 
did  serve  the  Prior,  and  all  the  whole  Covent  of  Monkes, 
having  their  meat  served  to  them  in  at  a  dresser  window 
from  the  great  kitchin  through  the  F rater  house  into  a  loft 
(above  the  said  Cellar)  wherein  they  did  all  dine  and  sup, 
the  said  kitchin  served  both  the  Prior  and  the  whole 
Covent,  having  two  kitchin  windows  into  the  Frater,  one 
great  window  for  principall  feast,  and  the  other  not  so 
great  for  every  day/      L.,  C,  Dav.] 

Also  the  mounckes  was  accustomed  etiv  (.laic  aftere  Roll, 
thei  dyned  to  goc  thorowgh  the  cloister,  in  at  \"  vshers  c' 
dour'  and  so  thorowghe  the  entrie  in  under  the  pors 
lodginge  and  streight  in  to  ye  centorie  garth'  wher 
all  v  mounckf  was  buried,  and  ther  did  stand*  all  bair 
heade  a  Certain  longe  Space,  praieng  amongf  the  Toumbes 
&  throwghes  for  there  brethren  soules  being  buryed  there, 
[depted,  II.  45],  and  when  they  hadd  done  there  prayers 
then  they  did  Returne  to  v  elovster,  and  there  did  studie 
there  bookes  vntill  iij  ol'  v  clocke  that  they  went  to 
Evensong  this  was  there  dalie  exercise  [&  studie  em 
day  after  they  had  dyned.]3 

'  "kitching'e"     "covent'   repeated  al  joining'. 
1  In  different  ink. 


88  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

Roll,  The  said  mounckf  weare  the  onelie  writers  of  all  the 
'  actes*  and  deadf  of  the  bushoppes  and  piors  of  ye  abey 
church  of  Durhn\  and  of  all  yc  Cronacles  and  stories  :  and 
also  did  write  &  sett  furth  all  thingf  that  was  [thought, 
Cos.  1  wourthie  to  be  noted,  what  actf  &  what  miracles 
was  done  in  euy  yere  &  in  what  moneth.  wch  there  doinges 
were  most  manifestly  and  vndoubtedlie  to  be  most  Just 
and  trewe  and  was  alwaies  most  vertuouslie  occupied, 
neu  Idle,  but  either  writing  of  good  and  goddly  wourkes 
or  studying  the  holie  scriptures  to  ye  setting  furthe  of 
ye  hone  &  glorie  of  god,  and  for  ye  edifieinge  of  the 
people,  aswell  in  example  of  good  life  and  conversac'on, 
as  by  preaching  yc  worde  of  god.  Thus  yow  may  se 
and  perceave  howe  ye  mounckf  and  Religious  me  wer 
occupied  in  most  godly  writing  &  other  exercissis  in 
auncient  tyme. x 
MS.  H.  45,  [The  sd  Monckes  were  the  onely  writers  of  ye  lives 
c  1655.  ancj  deedes  0f  ye  gpps  and  Priors  of  Durham  and  of 
Cronicles  and  stories  of  Memorable  thinges  and  miracles 
of  holy  men  wch  were  done  euy  yeare,  wch  writinges 
were  examined  and  found  to  be  moste  iust  &  true.  And 
sometymes  studyinge  (75)  ye  holy  scripture  to  ye  honno  & 
glory  of  god  and  the  Edifying  of  ye  people  by  good 
example  as  well  as  by  preachinge.     H.  45.] 

(XLV.)     The  Common    Howse.* 

Roll,  On  the  right  hand  as  yow  goo,  out  of  ye  cloysters  in  to  ye 
c.  1600.  f  mery  [or  Infirmary,  Dav.]  was  yc  comone  house  &  a 
Maister  therof  the  house  being  to  this  end,  to  haue  a  fyre 
keapt  in  yt  all  wynter  for  ye  Mounckes  to  cume  &  warme 
them  at,  being  allowed  no  fyre  but  that  onely.  Except  ye 
Mrs  and  officers  of  ye  house  who  had  there  seuall  fyres. 
Ther  was  belonging  to  ye  coiiion  house  a  garding  and  a 
bowlinge  allie*  on  ye  Backe  side  of  ye  said  house  towardes 
yL'  water  for  the  Nouyces  Sume  tymes  to  recreat  theme 
selves  when  they  had  remedy  of  there  mr*  he  standing  by 
to  se  ther  good  order,  [for  the  recreation  of  the  Moncks  ye 
Master  standi nge  by  to  see  good  order  kept.     H.  45.]    Also 

'   Heading  "The  Comonhowse"  repeated  at  joining'. 


THE    INFIRMARY.  8g 

wthin  this  house  d\\\  v  mr  therof  keepe  his  o  Sapie  :    ones    R""- 

r  l  C.   IOOO. 

in  the  yeare.  vis  :   Betwixt  Martinmes  and  christinmes  (a 

(  k> 

sollemne  banquett  that  v  por&  couent  dyd  vse  at  y1  tyme 
of  v  vere  ouch)  w  her  ther  Banquett  was  of  ligC  & 
reysinges  aile  &  caikes  and  therof  no  supflwitie  or  excesse 
but  a  scholasticall  and  moderat  congratulac'on  amonges 
them  selves,  [and  vl  but  a  Yerv  moderate  one  wlhowte 
supfluety,  H.  45. ) 

(XLVI.)      The  Fermerye." 

Wlhin  the  fermerv  in  onnder  neth  the  nv  of  y  fermyes 
chamber  was  a  stronge  presonne  called  ye  lynghouse 
[lyinge  house,  Cos.\  v  uc!;  was  ordeyned  for  all  such  as 
weare  greate  offenders  as  vf  any  of  ye  Mounckes  [8c  those 
wch  were  in  holy  orders,  H.  45],  had  bene  taiken  wth  any 
felony  or  in  any  adultrie  he  should  haue  syttin  ther  in 
psonne  for  vL  space  of  one  hole  yere  in  chynes  wlhout 
any  company,  except  y  mr  of  yc  fermerv  [to  see  yl  he 
were  strictlye  looked  to  accordinge  to  yL'  orders  of  ye  house, 
H.  45]  who  did  let  downe  there  meate  thorowgh  a  trap 
Dour"  in  a  [great,  Cos.]  corde  (being  a  great  distance 
from  them)  [from  those  who  were  in  the  Prison,  Dav. ] 
Other  companve  had  they  none,  yf  any  of  \n  temporall 
men,  [officers,  H.  45]  pteyninge  to  yL  said  house  had 
offended  in  any  y  pmissf  aforesaid  then  weare  they 
punyshed  by  y  temporall  lawe.  [secular  power,  H.  45  ; 
temporary  lawe,  Cos.] 

(76)  (XLVII.)    The  gest  hall. 

There  was  a  famouse  house  of  hospitallitie  called  y 
geste  haule  wth  in  v  abbey  garth  of  Durh"1  on  y  weste 
syde  towardes  y  water,  the  Terrer  of  y*  house  being  m1 
thereof  as  one  appovnted  to  gene  intertaynm1  to  all  staitC, 
both  noble,  gentle,  and  what  degree  so  etl  that  came 
thether  as  strangers,  ther  intertevnm1  not  being  inferio 
to  anv  place  in  Ingland,  both  for  y  goodnes  of  ther  diete, 
the  sweete  cS:  daintie  furneture  o(  there  Lodgingf,  & 
generally  all  thingC  necessarie  for  traveillers.  And 
wlliall  this  interteynm'  contynewing  not  willing  or  coin- 


c.   i(joo. 


90  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Rp'li  anding  any  man  to  depte  vpo  his  honest  &  good  behavyo  : 
this  haule  is  a  goodly  brave  place  much  like  vnto  y°  body 
of  a  church  wth  verey  fair  pillers  supporting  yl*  on  ether 
syde  and  in  ye  mydest  of  yc  haule  a  most  large  Rauge  for 
v  fyer.  The  chambers  &  lodginges*  belonging  to  yt 
weare  most  swetlv  keept,  and  so  richly  furnyshed  that 
they  weare  not  vnpleasant  to  ly  in,  especially  one  chamber 
called  yc  Kyngf  chamber  deservinge  that  name,  in  yl  yy 
king  him  selfe  myght  verie  well  haue  lyne  in  yt  for  ye 
princelynes  therof :  The  victualls  that  sved  ye  said  geistf 
came  from  ye  great  kitching  of  ye  por,  ye  bread  &  beare 
from  his  pantrie  and  seller,  yf  they  weare  of  hone  they 
weare  sved  as  honoablv  as  yc  por  him  selfe,  otherwise 
according  to  ther  seuall  callinges;  The  terrer  had  certaine 
me  appointed  to  wayte  at  his  table,  &  to  attend  vpo  all  his 
geistf  and  straungers,  and  for  ther  better  intertaynm1  he 
had  evimore  a  hogsheade  or  two  of  wynes  lying  in  a  seller 
appertayninge*  to  the  said  haule  to  serve  his  geistf  wthall. 

The  Prior  (whose  hospitallie  [hospitality,  MSS.  and 
edd.]  was  soch  as  that  there  neaded  no  geist  haule*  but 
that  thev  weare  desyrouse  to  abound  in  all  lvberall  and 
fre  almess  geving)  did  keppe  a  moste  hone  able  house 
and  verey  noble  intertaynem1  being  attended  vpo  both 
wlh  gentleme  and  yeomen  of  yc  best  in  ye  countrie  as 
ye  honorable  svice  of  his  house  Deserved  no  less,  the 
Benevolence  therof*  wtb  the  releefe  &  almess  of  yc  hole 
covent  was  alwaies  oppen  and  fre  not  onely  to  the  poore 
of  yc  Citie  of  Durh111  but  to  all  ye  poore  people  of  the 
countrie  besides. 

Also  the  lord  Prior  had  two  porters,*  the  one  was  the 
porter  of  his  hall  dour,  [called  Robert  Smyth,  interlined] 
and  (77)  the  other  was  the  porter  of  the  usher  dour  as  yc  goo, 
frome  the  greate  chamber  to  yc  churche  [called  Robert 
Clark,  which  two  weare  yc  last  porters  to  yc  last  por,  added 
seen  add  manu ;  in  L.,  C] 

[The  last  Lo:  Prior  was  Doctor  Whitehead  who  after 
was  the  first  Deane.      H.  45]. 


THE    INFIRMARY.  <;l 

(XLVIII.     Poor  Children.     Aged  Women.     The      Roil, 
Farmery  without  the  South  Gates.)  c*  ' 

Ther  weare  certaine  poor  childrin  onely  maynteyned  and 
releyved  wth  v  almesse  &  Benevolence  of  the  whole  house, 
w"*  weare  cauled  y  childrine  of  v  aumerey  going  daily  to 
v  fenny  schole  being  all  together  mayntened  In-  v  whole 
Covent  with  meate  drynke  and  lerni'ge. 

[Ther  was  certayne  poore  children  called  ye children  oi  v  Ms;  n.  4.s, 
Almery  wih  was  brought  vpp  in  learninge  and  mantayned  '  '  55' 
wth  the  Almose  o(  y  howse  hauinge  dyett  in  a  lofte  on  y 
North  side  o(  y  Abbey  gates  wch  had  a  longe  Porch  over  v 
gates  and  a  stable  vnder  itt  \vch  after  v  suppression  was 
turned  into  Mr.  Steph:  Marleys  lodging^*  &  after 
converted  to  other  vses.  The  sli  ehildren  went  to  scoole  to 
v  fermory  ehamber  wthowte  v  Abbey  gates  wch  was 
founded  by  v  Priors  and  mantayned  att  ther  eost.  The 
last  Schoole  masters  name  was  S1"  Rob:  Hartburne  w,h  was 
inioyned  to  say  Masse  2  tymes  in  ye  weeke,  att  Magdelens 
ehappell  near  Kepyer  &  onee  in  y  weeke  att  Ivimbles- 
worth  ehappell."  They  had  ther  meate  from  v  Novices 
table  by  the  Clarke  of  the  Covent  owte  att  a  windowe,  where 
y  s'1  elerke  did  looke  to  them  to  see  that  they  kept  good 
order.      H.  45]. 

There  were  eertain  poor  ehildren,  called  the  ehildren  of  the  MS.  I-., 
Almery  who  onely  were  maintained  with  learning",  and 
relieved  with  the  Almes,  and  benevolence  of  the  whole 
house,  having  their  meat  and  drink  in  a  loft,  on  the  North 
side  oi  the  Abbey  gates,  before  the  suppression  of  the  said 
house,  or  Abbey,  the  wl|1  loft  had  a  long  porch  over  the 
staire  head,  slated  over,  and  at  either  side  of  the  said  porch 
or  entry  there  was  a  stair  to  go  up  to  it  and  a  stable 
underneath  the  said  Almery  or  loft,  having  a  door  and  an 
Entry  in  under  the  stair  head  to  go  into  the  stable,  which 
at  the  suppression  o(  the  house  was  appointed  and  became 
M1  Stephen  Marleys  lodging,  then  shortly  after  the 
suppression  he  altered  it,  and  look  down  the  porch  and  the 
two  greeses  went  up  to  the  said  Almery  or  loft,  and  made 
his  kitchin  in  under  where  the  stable  was,  and  his  buttery 
where  the  said  Almery  or  loft  was  above,  and  the  said  poor 
children  went  dayly  to  school  to  the  barmarv  school,  with- 


92  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

MS.  H.  45,  out  the  Abbey  gates,  which  school  was  founded  by  the  Priors 
of  the  said  Abbey,  and  at  the  charges  of  the  same  house, 
the  last  school  Mast1"  name  was  called  Sr  Robert  Hartburne, 
who  continued  Master  to  the  suppression  of  the  house  or 
Abbey,  and  also  the  said  Master  was  bound  to  say  Masse 
twice  in  the  week  at  Magdalen  Chappel  nigh  Keapyeare,  and 
once  in  the  week  at  a  Chappel  at  Kimblesworth  And  also 
the  meat  and  drink,  that  the  aforesaid  poor  children  had, 
was  the  meat  that  the  Master  of  the  Novices,  and  the 
Novices  left,  and  reserved,  and  was  carried  in  at  a  door 
adjoyning  to  the  great  kitchin  window  into  a  little  vault  in 
the  West  end  of  the  Frater  house  like  unto  a  pantry  called 
the  Covie,*  which  had  a  man  that  kept  it  called  the  Clarke 
of  the  Covie,*  and  had  a  window  within  it,  where  one  or 
two  of  the  Children  did  receive  their  meat  and  drink  of  the 
said  Clarke,  out  of  the  (78)  Covie  or  Pantry  window  so  called, 
and  the  said  children  did  carry  it,  to  ye  Almery  or  loft, 
which  Clarke  did  wait  upon  them  every  mail,  and  to  see 
that  they  kept  good  order.  (L.,  C,  Dav.) 
Roll,  Ther  weare  four  aged  women  who  lyved  in  the  farmery 
wthout  yc  south  gaitf*  of  ye  abbey  of  Durh111  euy  one 
having  ther  seSall  chamber  to  ly  in,  being  founde  and 
fedd  onely  wth  ye  releefe*  that  came  from  the  priors  owne 
meys  [table,  Cos.],  in  wch  farmerie  there  was  a  chappell 
wher  yc  scholmaster  of  yc  fermerye  [And  eyther  ye  Mr 
of  ye  fermery,  H.  45],  having  his  chamber  &  schoule 
aboue  yt,  or  soume  other  preest  for  hi  me  was  ordeyned 
&  appoynted  to  saye  messe  to*  yc  iiijor  oulde  womenne 
euy  holie  daie  and  friday. 

[xlviiia.    Zhc  Steeple. 

The  Steeple  of  this  Cathedral,  a  stately  Fabrick*  is 
remarkable  as  well  for  its  height  as  strength  and  just 
Architecture,  having  on  the  inside  a  Gallery  of  Stone  Work 
a  round  it  above  the  turn  of  the  Arches  of  the  Pillars  upon 
which  it  is  founded  ;  above  which  are  eight  long  Windows 
two  on  each  Front  of  the  Steeple  divided  in  the  middle  by 
a  Cross  bar  of  Stone,  and  glazed  handsomly  with  plain 
Glass  :     Above  the  Windows  on  the  out  side  is  another 


1600. 


NAMES   OF    MONKS    AND   OFFICERS.  93 

Gallery,  and  above  that  a  superstructure  having  two 
Windows  on  each  Front  ;  wherein  hang  eight  melodious 
Hells.     In  the  eight   Buttresses,  on  the  sides  of  the  lower 

Windows,  also  in  the  Stone  Work  betwixt  each  Window, 
arc  Niches  containing  the  Statues  of  the  Founders, 
Protectors  and  Benefactors. 

Upon  the  East  Front  of  the  Nine  Altars  in  two  large 
Buttresses  on  each  side  of  the  round  Window  are  erected 
Statues  of  William  of  Karileph  the  Bishop  who  began 
the  Foundation  of  the  present  Cathedral  on  the  South  side, 
and  on  the  North  Ranulph  Flamberd,  who  translated  St. 
CuTHBERT's  Body  into  the  same  ;  the  first  in  his  Mitre  and 
Episcopal  Habit,  the  other  having  his  Head  uncovered. 
Hunter,   1733;    Sanderson,  1767]. 

(XLIX.)     Thes    Beynge*    Mounckes    and    officers'      Roll> 
within  ye  Abbey  chirche  of  Durham  and  named 
as  followith. 

Dane   Stephen    M   ley    [Dom'    Steph:    Merley,    H.    45; 
Don1  Steuen  Morley,  Cos.]  ye  Suppor*  and  maister  of 
the  fratere. 

The  Supprio  f  chamber  was  oil  ye  Dorter  dour  to 
thintent  to  heare  that  none  should  stir  or  pfo  furth.  And 
his  office  was  to  goe  etiv  nygfhte  as  a  privy  watch  be  for 
mydnyght  &  after  mydnyght  to  euy  Mounckes  chamber 
and  to  caule  at  his  chamber  dour  vpo  him  bv  his  name, 
to  se  that  none  of  them  shold  be  lacking-  or  stolen  furth 
to  goe  about  any  kynde  of  vice  or  nowghtvnes.  Also  v 
supprio  did  sett  alwaies  in  ye  lofte  amongf  the  mounckf 
at  meite  at  ye  tables  end  as  cheefe  amongf  them,  and  to 
se  that  euy  mane  did  vse  him  selfe  according  to  V  order 
yl  he  had  taiken  him  to,  he  did  alwaies  sav  grace  at  dvn 
&  supp,  and  after  v:  of  yc  clocke  at  nyght  to  se  all  ye  dures 
as  yc  seller  dur,  the  fratere  dour,  the  fawden  vettf  &  v 
cloister  dures  euy  dur  at  nyghte  to  be  Locked,  and  he 
keapt  y  keyes  of  all  thes  foresaid  dures  all  night  vntill  vij 

1  Always  Dom',  Dome,  D'ne,  and  Domin',  in  Ei.  45;  DaneinL.,C. ;  Don  in 
Cos.  ami  II.  44;  Dom.  or  D,  in  />«-.■.  -,  D.  in  Hunter's  editions,  ami  /)'  in 
Sanderson, 


04  RITES    OV    DURHAM. 

Roll,    q{  ye  clocke  in  ye  morning,  and  at  vl  tyme  he  caused  ye 
°' said    Doures    to   be  opened,   and    delyued   ve    key  of  the 
cloister  to  ye  porter  therof,  &  ye  keves  of  ye  fratere  &  the 
seller  to  y  yeoma  of  ye  celler. 

Dane  Willam  Watsonn  Alias  Will'm  Wyloumc 
[Wylome,  H.  45,  C.  ;  Wylom,  L.  ;  Willonne,  Cos.]  nv 
&  kepper  of  ye  fereture*  and  deece  Prior1  [&  ye  deputy 
prior,  H.  45  ;   Dece  prior,  L.,  C. ;  Vice  Prior,  Cos.] 

The  mr  of  ye  feirture  his  chamber  was  in  the  Dorter, 
(79)  he  was  ye  kep  of  ye  holy  sacrede  shrine*  of  Sate  Cuthb: 
his  office  was  that  when  any  ma  of  hono  or  worshippe 
weere  disposed  to  make  there  praiers  to  god  &  to  Sacte 
Cuthb:  or  to  offer  any  thinge  to  his  sacred  shrine,  yf  they 
requested  to  haue  yt  drawen  &  to  se  yt,  then  streight  waie 
ye  clarke  of  ye  fereture*  called  George  Baytes  did  give 
intellegence  to  his  mr  maister  deece  [Dece,  H.  45,  L.,  C.  ; 
vice,  Cos.  ]  por  ye  kepp  of  ye  feiriture.  And  then  yc  said 
m'  dyde  bring  ye  keys  of  ye  shrine  wth  him  geving  them  to 
the  clarke  to  open  ye  lockf  of  ye  shrine.  His  office  was  to 
stand  by  &  to  se  it  drawen,  cofiiaunding  ye  said  clarke  to 
drawe  yt.  Also  it  was  eu  drawe  in  ye  mattenes  tyme 
when  ye  Te  deum  was  in  singinge  or  in  ye  hie  mess 
tyme,  or  at  evinsong  tyme"  when  ye  Magnificat  was 
song  And  when  they  had  maid  there  praiers  &  dyd  offer 
any  thing*  to  yt,  yf  yt  weare  either  gould  sylver  or  Jewels 
streighte  way  it  was  houge  on  ye  shrine."  And  if  yt 
weyre  any  other  thing,  as  vnicorne  home,  Eliphant 
Tooth,'  or  such  like  thinge  then  yt  was  howng  wthin  the 
fereture  at  ye  end  of  ye  shrine,  and  when  they  had  maid 
there  praiers,  the  clarke  did  let  downe  ye  cou  therof  &  did 
locke  yt  at  euy  corner  gyving  the  keies  of  ye  shrine  to  ye 
deice  [his  m1  ye  Dece,  H.  45 ;  Vice,  Cos.  ;  to  ye  Dece,  L.,  C] 
prio  againe.  Ther  was  many  goodly  Reliquies*  that 
belonged  to  ye  said  shrine.  The  said  George  Baytes  was 
Regester  of  the  house*  and  did  all  that  pteyned  to  ye 
register's  office. 

There  was  also  a  Ban  that  pteyned  to  ye  sayd  shrine 
in  the  keapinge  of  the  said  m1  the  deece  [Vice,  Cos.  ; 
Dece,   L.,  C.]  prio'^  called  Sanct  Cuthbertes   Ban*  [staffe, 


NAMES    OF    MONK'S    AND    OFFICERS.  Oo 

interlined^,  which  was  iiij1  yeardf  in  length,     all  v  Pippes    Ro,J> 

1  i  i  :  ee      v-     looo. 

ol  it  was  oi  sylver  to  be  sleave  on  a  long  speire  static, 
[along  the  banner  staff,  L.,  C]  [and  on  the  over  most  pype 
on  the  hight  o(  yt  was  a  ffyne  lytle  silver crosse,  interlined] 
[crosse  static,  Cos.]  and  a  goodly  Ban  cloth  pteyned  to 
vt.  And  in  the  mydes  o\~  the  ban  cloth  was  all  of  white 
vclvett  halfe  a  yerd  squayre  euy  way,  and  a  faire  crose  oi 
Read  vclvett  oil  yt,  and  wthin  ye  said  white  velvett  was  y 
holy  Relique  ye  Corporax  [cloth,  interlined]  that  y  holy 
man  S>ctc  cuthb:2  sayd  mess  wl,lall.  And  the  Resydewc 
oi  v  BanH  clothe  was  [all,  interlined]  of  Read  (Crimson, 
II.  44]  vclvett  imbrodered  all  wth  [grene  sylke  <S:,  inter- 
lined] goulde,  I  most  sumtuousle,  as  is  aforesayd, 
interlined.  \ 

The  sayd  ban  was  at  ye  wynyng  of  Branckf  feilde 
[Brankinfeild,1  Cos. ;  Branksfield,  L.,  C. ;  Brankinsfeild, 
H.  44  ;  Branfield,  or  Brankinfield  Battel,  Dav.]  in  kinge 
Henrie  theightf  tyme,  and  dyd  (80)  bring  home  wth  it  the 
kinge  of  Scottes  Ban  and  dyuf  other  noble  menes 
Auncyentes  of  Scotf  and  that  was  loste  yl  day.  And 
did  sett  them  vp  at  Sacte  Cuthb:  fereture  where  they  dyd 
stand  &  hynge  vnto  the  suppression  of  the  house. 

[And  at  ye  suppression  of  the  house,  ye  aforesaid  banner  MS.  1.., 
of  Sl  Cuthbert  &  all  Auntients  of  the  noblemen  of  Scotland, 
as  principally  the  Kins;-  of  Scotts  his  banner,  and  diverse 
noblemens  Auntients  of  Scotland,  were  shortly  after  clearly 
defaced,  to  the  intent  there  should  be  no  memory  of  the 
said  Battel,  and  of  their  Auncients  being  spoiled,  which 
were  won  at  the  said  battel  at  Branksfield,  that  there 
should  be  no  remembrance  left  of  them,  within  the 
Monasticall  Church  of  Durham.     L.,  C,  Dai\] 

And   the  said   S'cte   Cuthb:    Ban    was  at   manye  other    Ro11- 
places  besydes,    yl  was  thought  to  be  one  of  the  goodlyesl 
Reliquies  that  was  in  England,  and  yt  was  not  borne  but 
of  pncipall  daies  when  ther  was  a  generall  prossession,  as 
easter  daie,  the  Assentio  day,  Whitsonday,  Corpus  christi 

1  Erased,  and  "  fyve     written  over, 
"  wtiiall  "  erased,  and  "did  cover  the  chalyce  with  all  when  he"  inter- 
lined. 

Branxton,  <.■»■  Flodden  field. 


ifmn. 


96  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,    daie,  &  Sacte  Cuthb:  day.     And  at  other  festivall  daies  it 
c.  1600.  "   ,      .   .        .     .        . 

was  sett  vp  at  ye  easte  end  or  the  shrine  because  yt  was  so 

chargeable  [weighty,   Dav.] 

Also  when  so  eu  yt  was  borne  yt  was  ye  clarke  [of  ye 

ferture,  interlined]  office  to  wayte  vpo  yt  [wth  his  surplice 

on,    interlined]  wth  a  faire  reade  paynted  staffe,  wth  a  forke 

or  clove  in  ye  upp  end  of  the  staffe,  wch  clove  was  lyned 

\vlh    softe   silke    and    softe    downe    in    vnder   ve    silke    for 

hurtinge    or    brusing    of    ye    pipes    of    ye    Ban    being    of 

sylver,    to  taike    it    downe   &   Raise  yt   vp  againe  for  ye 

weightenes    therof.     therwas    iiij    men    alwaies  appoynted 

to  waite  vpo  it  besydes  ye  clarke  and  he  yl  dyd  beare  yt. 

MS.  L.,  [And  there  was  a  strong  girdle*  also  of  white  leather, 
5  '  that  he  that  did  bear  Sl  Cuthberts  banner  did  wear  it,  when 
it  was  carried  abroad,  and  also  it  was  made  fast  to  the  said 
girdle,  with  two  pieces  of  white  leather,  and  at  either  end 
of  the  said  two  pieces  of  white  leather  a  socket  of  home* 
was  made  fast  to  them,  that  ye  end  of  the  Banner  staffe 
might  be  put  into  it,  for  to  ease  him  that  did  carry  ye  said 
banner  of  Sl  Cuthbert,  it  was  so  chargeable  and  so  heavy, 
there  were  four  men  alwayes  appointed  to  wait  upon  it, 
besides  the  Clarke  and  he  that  did  bear  it.      L.,  C,  Dav.] 

Roll,  The  deace  [so  here  in  Cos.;  Dece,  L.]  por  had  ye  keyes 
c.  1600.  &  yC  keaping  of  Sacte  Beedf  shrine*  wch  dyd  stand  in  ye 
galleley,  and  when  so  eii  there  was  any  genall  prossessio 
then  he  commaunded  his  clarke  (geving  him  ye  keyes  of 
Sncte  Beedes  shrine)  to  drawe  ye  cover  of  yt  &  to  taike  yt 
downe  &  dyd  carry  yt  into  the  Revestrie.*  then  it  was 
caryed  wth  iiij  mounckes  about  in  pssessio  eiiy  pncipall 
day,  and  when  the  pcessio  was  donne  ytt  was  caryed  into 
ye  galleley  &  set  vpe  there  againe,  wth  ye  coil  letten  downe 
011  yt  &  lockte,  the  keyes  browght  by  the  clarke  to  the  nv 
of  ye  fereture  againe. 

(81)        Dane  Richarde  Crosbie  Mr  of  ye  novices. 

Ther  was  alwayes  vj  novices"  wch  went  daly  to  schoule 
wthin  the  house  for  ye  space  of  vij  yere  [together,  Cos.], 
and  one  of  ye  eldest  mounckes  that  was  lernede  was 
appoynted   to    be    there    Tuter   the   sayd    novices    had   no 


NAMES    OF    MONKS    AND    OFFICERS.  97 

wages,  but  meitc  drinke  and  clothe  for  that  space.  The  Roll, 
in'  or  Tuteres  office  was  to  se  that  they  lacked  nothing,  as, 
Cowles,  frocktV  staffiyne,  Beddinge,  Bootes  &  sockf,  and 
whene  they  did  lacke  any  o(  thes  necessaries,  the  mr  had 
charge  to  caule  o(  v  chamberlaynes  for  such  thing'es,  for 
they  neti  Receyved  wages  nor  handled  any  money  in  that 
space  but  goynge  daly  to  there  bookes*  \vth  in  the  cloyster. 
And  yf  the  m1  dyd  see  that  any  of  theme  weare  apte  to 
lernyng  &  dyd  applie  his  booke  &  had  a  prignant  wyt 
wth  all  then  the  m1  dyd  lett  y  prio  haue  Intellvgence  then 
streighte  way  after  he  was  sent  to  oxforde*  to  schoole  and 
there  dyd  lerne  to  study  Devinity,  and  the  resydewe  of  ye 
novices  was  keapt  at  there  bookes  tyll  they  coulde  vnder- 
stand  there  svice  and  ye  scriptures,  then  at  the  foresayde 
yeres  end  they  dyd  syng  there  first  messe.*  The  house 
was  no  longer  charged  wth  fyndinge  them  appell,  for  then 
they  entred  to  wages  to  Finde  them  selves  appell,  wch 
wages  was  xxs  in  ye  yere.  [&  noe  more,  H.  45.]  The 
eldest  mouncke  in  ye  house  had  no  more  except  he  had  an 
office  [yl  did  afford  itt,  H.  45].  his  chamber  where  he  dyd 
ly  was  in  the  Dorter. 

Dane  Johann  Porter,  Alias  Johan  Smythe  Callede 
Maister  Sagersten*  [Saccraston,  H.  45]. 

The  Sextens  checker*  was  wth  in  the  church*  in  ye  north 
alloy  over  against  Bushop  skirleys  alter  of  ye  lefte  hand  as 
yow  goe  vp  the  abbey  to  Sl  Cuthb  :  fereture  [which  after 
was  converted  to  a  songe  scoole  but  sence  itt  is  pulled 
downe*  by  order  of  ye  Bpp  att  ye  cominge  of  Kinge  Charles 
(in)1  his  progresse  to  Scotland  and  ye  songe  scoole  made 
in  y  Cloisters*  vnder  the  Moncks  lodginge  w  her  Mr  Green* 
now  dwelleth,  H.  45,  secunda  manu].  His  office  was  to 
se  that  there  should  nothing  be  lackinge  wth  in  y°  churche 
as  to  pvyde  bread*  &  wyne  for  the  church  &  to  pvide  for 
wax  and  lyght  in  wynter.  he  had  alwaies  one  Tonn  of 
wyne  lvinge  in  the  said  Checker  for  yc  vse  of  ye  sayd 
church,  he  had  also  seggersten  hewgh*  in  keping  it  was 
his    charge,    and   Sl    Marga(82)rettf   waird*   in    his   office. 

■  Not  in  the  MS. 

7 


98  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

Roll,  Also  his  office  was  to  se  all  the  glass  wyndowes  repayred 
°*  &  mendid  and  yc  plumbers  wourke  of  ye  churche  :  \vth 
mending  of  Bells  &  Belstringf  [and  leathering,*  Dav.], 
and  [all  interlined]  other  workes  that  was  necessary  to  be 
occupied  both  wth  in  ye  church  &  wth  out  ye  church,  and  to 
se  ye  church  to  be  clenly  keapte,  all  thes  thingt  was 
alwaies  to  be  called  for  at  yc  Sagerstens  handf  as  neade 
requyred./ 

Also  his  office  was  to  locke  vp  euy  day  all  the  keyes  of 
euy  alter  in  ye  church,  (euy  alter  havinge  there  seuall 
aumbree  and  some  two)  and  to  lye  theme  furthe  euy 
mornynge  betwixt  vij  and  viij  of  ye  clocke  vpo  ye  height 
[upon  the  Topp,  H.  45]  of  ye  aumbrie  (being  of  wayns- 
cott),  wherin  they  weare  lockte  standing  wth  in  yc  north  quer 
dour*  that  euy  mouncke  myght  taike  ye  key  &  appoynt 
what  alter  he  was  disposed  to  say  mess  at.  Allso  [And 
then,  H.  45]  yd  went  to  ye  chapter  house*  euy  day  where 
all  the  Bushops  in  ye  oulde  tyme  was  buryed,  betwixt  viij 
&  ix  of  ye  clocke  and  there  did  pray  for  all  [ye  soules  of, 
H.  45]  there  benefactors  and  founders  wch  had  bestowed 
any  thing  of  that  church,  and  at  ix  of  ye  clocke  ther  Roung 
a  Bell  to  mass  called  ye  chapter  messe,  wch  was  soug 
alwaies  at  ye  heighe  alter,*  and  he  that  song  ye  mess  had 
alwaies  in  his  Memento*  all  those  that  had  geven  any 
thinge  to  that  church  [all  ye  soules  of  theire  benefc'ors, 
H.  45].  the  one  halfe  of  ye  mounckes  did  say  masse*  in 
ye  chapter  masse  tyme,  and  the  other  halfe  that  song  the 
chapter  mess,  seyd  messe  in  ye  high  mess  tyme.*  There 
was  at  euy  alter  ij  challices  &  ij  sylver  Crewettf ,  apptey- 
ninge  to  yt,  both  wth  albes  and  vestmentf  for  ye  principall 
feastes  as  also  for  all  other  Daies  besydes.  Euy  alter  had 
ther  duble  furnitures*  for  adorni'ge  all  ptes  of  thaulter 
servinge  both  for  ye  holy  Dayes  and  pncypall  feastf. 

There  founders  and  Benefactoures  was  prayed  for  euy 
Daie  &  had  in  Remembrance  in  ye  tyme  of  the  messe.  his 
chamber  wher  he  dyd  lye  was  in  ye  Dorter,  he  had  his 
meyt  sved  from  ye  great  kitching  to  his  checkre. 


NAMES   OF   MONKS    AND   OFFICERS.  99 

(L.)     These    Beingfe    Mounckes   and    offeceres    of    y"     RolI» 

V       /  o  J        c.   1 600. 

House  o{  Ourh'm   and   naymed   as  follow'1'. 

Dane  Robert   Bennett"  yc  bowcer  of  yc  house. 

The  Bowcers  checker*  is  a  litle  stone  house  Joyninge  of 
the  (83)  cole  garth*  pteyning  to  ye  great  Kytchinge  a  litle 
distant  frome  the  Deanes  haule  greece  [staires,  H.  45]. 

His  office  was  to  Receave  all  the  Rentes  that  was 
pteyning  to  the  house,  and  all  other  officers  of  y°  house 
mayde  there  accoumptes  to  him,*  and  he  discharged  all  ye 
svantC  wages,  and  paide  all  the  expences  [&  somes  of 
money  as  was  laid  furth  about  any  work  appteini'g  to  ye 
said  abey  or,  interlined]  that  yc  house  was  charged  wthall, 
his  chamber  where  he  dyd  lye  was  in  yc  fermery,  his  meyt 
was  serued  from  ye  great  kicthing  {sic)  to  his  checker. 

Dane  Roger  Wryght  ye  Cellerer  of  the  house.* 

The  Cellerers  checker*  was  afterward  Doctor  Toddes 
chamber  Joyni'ge  of  ye  west  end  of  ye  great  kitchinge 
having  a  longe  greece  goynge  vp  to  yt  011  ye  fawlden 
yeattf*  [folden  gates,  Cos.  ]  His  office  was*  to  see  what 
expences  was  in  yc  kitchinge  what  beffes  [Beives,  H.  45] 
and  muttones  was  spente  in  a  weeke  and  all  the  spyces  & 
other  necessaries  that  was  spente  in  ye  kitchinge  both  for 
ye  pors  table  and  for  ye  hole  covent  &  for  all  strangers 
that  came,  [and  to  see  yl  nothinge  were  wantinge,  H.  45]. 
Yt  was  his  office  to  se  all  thingf  orderlye  served  and  in 
dewe  tvme.  The  chambre  where  he  dyd  lye  was  in  ye 
Dorter. 

Dane  Roger  Watson*  ye  Terrer  of  ye  house.* 

The  Tarrers  checker  was  as  yea  goe  into  y°  geste  Haule 
of  yo''  left  hand  in  ye  entrie  as  yow  goe  in,  or  yea  come  in 
to  ye  great  hall. 

His  office  was  to  se  that  all  yc  geste  chambers*  to  be 
clenly  keapt  and  that  all  yc  table  clothes,  table  napkingf  & 
all  ye  naprie  wth  in  ye  chambers  as  sheetes  and  pillowes  to 
be  sweate  and  cleane,  and  he  pvyded  alwaies  two  hogshedf 


IOO  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Ro">  of  wyne*  to  be  redie  against  any  strangers  came  [for  ye 
'  entertaynem1  of  strangers,  H.  45]  and  he  rpvyded  pvender 
for  there  horses*  that  nothing  should  be  lacking  for 
any  Strang'  whate  degree  so  eu  he  was  of  and  iiij 
yeame  allowed  to  wayte  vpo  ye  said  strangers  when  so 
eu  they  came,  his  chamber  where  he  dyd  ly  was  in  ye 
fermery. 

(84)     Dane  William  foster  ye  Kepp  of  the  Garnr?.* 

The  mr  of  ye  garnf  checker,  was  oil  Mr  Pilkingtons 
haule  Doures*  all  his  house  &  Mr  Bonnies  [Bunny, 
H.  45]  house*  was  garnf *  where  all  there  wheat  &  other 
corne  did  lye.  His  office  was*  to  Receyve  all  ye  whet  that 
came  &  all  ye  make  corne,  and  to  make  accoumpte  what 
malt  was  spente  in  ye  weeke,  and  whate  malt  corne  was 
delyued  to  ye  kylne  and  what  was  Receyved  from  ye  kylne 
&  howe  moch  was  spente  in  ye  house,  ye  kylne  was  where 
mr  Bennettf  lodging  [house,  Cos.]  was*  hard  beyond  the 
Counditt  wch  lodging  he  ded  buylde  of  his  charges.2  his 
chamber  wher  he  dyd  lie  was  in  ye  Dorter. 


Dane  Thomas   Sparke*  ye  Chamberlayne.* 

The  chamberlaynes  checker*  was  where  mr  Swifte*  hath 
his  Lodging  nyghe  to  the  abbey  gaites.3/ 

His  office  was  to  pvyde  for  stammyne  otherwaies  called 
lyncye  wonncye*  [and  other  Lincy  Woncy,  H.  45]  for 
sheetes  &  for  sheirtes  for  ye  Novicies  and  ye  mounckes  to 
weare,  for  they  dyd  neu  weare  any  lynynge*  And  he  had  a 
tailler  wourkinge  daily  makinge  sockf  of  white  wollen 
clothe  both  hole  sockes  and  halfe  sockf  and  makinge 
shertes  &  sheetes  of  lyncye  wonncey  in  a  shop  vnderneth 
the  sayde  checker  wch  tailler  was  one  of  ye  svauntes*  of  the 
house,     his  chain  where  he  dyd  lye  was  in  ye  Dorter. 

1  These  granaries   are   at   present  the  Houses   of  the  eighth   and   ninth 
Prebendaries. — Addition  Ed.  H. 

2  It  is  at  this  time  the  House  of  the  eleventh  Prebendary. — Id. 

3  Now  the  Mansion  House  of  the  first  Prebendery. — Id. 


NAMES    Ol     MONKS    AND    OFFICERS.  IOI 

Dane   Henrye    Browne  v  M1  of  yc  coiTion  house/         R°H' 

■'  J  c.  rooo. 

[Hall,  II.  45.1 

The  Cofnoners  checker  was  \vlh  iii  the  colli  on  house. 
His  office  was  to  pvide  for  all  such  spices  against  lent  as 
should  be  comfortable  for  yc  said  mounckes  for  there  great 
Austeritie  both  of  fastinge  &  prayinge  [because  ther 
austerity  of  fastinge  &  praier  was  very  great,  II.  45],  and 
to  see  a  lyre  [a  good  fyer,  H.  45]  contynewally  in  ye  comon 
house  hall,  (85)  for  the  mounckf  to  warme  theme  when 
they  weyre  disposed,  and  to  haue  alwaies  a  hodgshead  of 
wyne  for  yc  mounckes  and  for  ye  keaping  of  his  O*:  called 
O  Sapientia  ;  and  to  .pvide  for  fyggt  and  walnutes 
against  lent,  his  chamber  where  he  dyd  lye  was  in  ye 
dorter. 

Dane  Will'm   Watson*  ye  Priors  Chaplaine. 

The  chaplavnes  Checker  was  oil  the  staires*  as  yow  goc 
vp  to  ye  Deanes  haule. 

His  offis  was  to  Receave  at  y°  Bowcers  handf  all  such 
sumes  of  money  as  was  dewe  for  ye  bowcer  to  paie  vnto  ye 
Lo:  pors  vse  for  yc  mantenance  of  hime  selfe  &  expencis 
of  his  whole  howshold,  and  for  [all,  interlined}  his  other 
necessaries.  The  said  chaplen1  was  to  pvide  for  ye  Lord 
pors  appell,  and  to  se  all  thingf  in  good  order  in  ye  hall,  and 
his  furniture  [the  lvninge,  H.  45]  for  his  table  to  be  swete 
&  cleane,  &  to  se  that  eiiy  ma  applied  his  office  deligentlie 
as  it  owghte  to  be  done,  to  se  that  no  debaite  nor  strife  to 
be  wlhin  vc  house,  he  had  in  his  charge  and  keapinge  all 
the  Lord  pors  plaite  &  treasure,  aswell  in  delyuinge 
therof,  as  Receiving  yt  in  againe.  And  also  he  was  to 
discharge  and  paie  all  gentleme,  yeome,  and  all  other 
svauntf  &  officers  of  yc  Lord  pors  house  [of  what  degree 
soever,  H.  45]  there  wages,  and  to  paie  all  other  Raekningt' 
of  his  house  what  so  ell.  His  chamber  where  he  did  lye 
was  next  vnto  ye  pors  chamber./ 

All  thes  mounckes  before  Rehersed  was  in  thes  officies 
when   the  house  was  suppressed,  and  the  mounckes  and 

1  Altered  to  "  cbaplens  office." 


102  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,     novicies    was    alwaies    named    after    this    sorte*    as    thes 
'  mounckf  ys  named   before  ye  suppression   of  the   house, 
and  the  por  of  the  house  was  alwaies  called  the  Lord  por 
evin  to  ye  suppressio  of  ye  house  also. 

(LI.)     Saynte  Cuth:   Shryne 
Defacede. 

The  sacred  shryne  of  holy  Sacte  Cuthbert  before  men- 
tioned* was  defaced  in  ye  visitac'on*  yl  Docter  Ley  [Lee, 
H.  45],  Docter  Henley,  &  m1"  Blythma  heild  at  Durhm 
for  ye  subuertinge  of  such  monument^  in  the  tyme  of  King 
Henrie  "81  in  his  suppression  of  ye  abbaies  where  they 
found  many  woorthie  &  goodly  iewells*  [goodly  &  rich 
ornamts  &  Jewells  of  great  Value  wch  ye  sd  church  &  St. 
Cuthb:  was  adorned  wthall  but  moste  especially,  H.  45J, 
but  espe(86)ciallie  one  ptious  stone*  [belonginge  to  ye  sd 
shrine,  H.  45],  wch  by  ye  estimate  of  those  iij  visitors  & 
ther  skilfull  lapidaries  [wch  they  brought  wth  them,  H.  45] 
yl  was  of  value  sufficient  to  redeme  a  prince  :  [worth  in 
value  a  Kingf  Ransome,  H.  45].  After  ye  spoile  of  his 
ornamlf  and  iewells,  cuming  nerer  to  his  [sacred,  H.  45] 
bodie,  thingking  to  haue  found  nothing  but  duste  &  bones 
and  finding  ye  chiste  yl  he  did  lie  in  very  strongly  bound 
wth  Irone*/  then  ye  goulde  smyth*  dide  taike  a  great  fore 
ham  of  a  smyth*  &  did  breake  yc  said  chiste  [open,  H.  45] 
and  when  they  had  openede  ye  chiste  they  found  him 
lyinge  hole  vncorrupt*  wth  his  faice  baire,  and  his  beard  as 
yt  had  bene  a  forth  netts  growthe,"  &  all  his  vestm'f  *  vpo 
him  as  he  was  accustomed  to  say  mess  wthall  :  and  his 
met  wand  of  gould*  lieing  besid  him  then,  when  ye 
gouldsmyth  did  pceive  that  he  had  broken  one  of  his  leggt^ 
when  he  did  breake  vpe  [open,  Cos.]  ye  chiste,'  he  was 
verie  sorie  for  it  &  did  crye  alas  I  haue  broke  one  of  his 
leiggtY*  then  Doccter  Henley  hereing  him  say  so  did  caule 
vpo  hime  &  did  bid  him  cast  downe  his  bones,  then  he 
made  him  aunswer  again  that  he  could  not  gett  it  [them, 
H.  45]  in  sunder,  for  ye  synewes  &  ye  skine  heild  it*  that  it 
would  not  come  in  sunder  [could  not  pte,  H.  45].  Then 
Docter  Ley  did  stepp  vp  to  se  if  it  weire  so  or  not  and  did 


ST.    BEDE  S    SHRINE.  103 

tunic  hime[self  aboute  interlined]  and  [did  interlined] 
spoke  Latten  to  Docter  Henley  yi  he  was  lieing  holl.  yett 
Docter  Henley  would  geve  no  crcditt  to  his  word,  but  still 
did  crye  cast  downe  his  bones,  then  Docter  ley  maide 
an ns were  vf  ye  will  not  beleue  me  come  vp  yc  selfe  &  se 
hime,  then  dyd  Docter  Henlie  step  vp  \goc  up,  H.  45]  to 
himc  iS:  did  handle  him  cS:  dyd  se  yl  he  laid  hole,  [was 
whole  and  vncorrupt,  H.  45].  the  he  did  cofnaund  theme 
to  taike  hime  downe  &  so  it  hapned  contrarie  tlier  expec- 
tatio  y!  not  onely  his  bodie  was  hole  and  incorrupted,  but 
ye  vestmM'  wherin  his  bodie  laie  &  wherwll>  all  he  was 
accustomed  to  saie  mass,  was  freshe  saife  &  not  consumed  : 
YVhervpo  ye  visitores  commaunded  yl  he  should  be  karied 
in  to  yc  revestre  [ye  Vestry,  H.  45],  where  he  was  close 
and  saiflie  keapt*  in  the  inner  pte  of  ye  Revestrie  tyll  such 
tyme  as  they  did  further  knowe  ye  kings  pleasure,  what  to 
doc  wll)  him,  and  vpo  notise  of  ye  kings  pleasure  therin 
[and  after,  H.  45],  the  por  and  the  mounckes  buried  him* 
in  yc  ground  vnder  vL'  same  place  where  his  shrine  was 
exalted  [under  a  faire  merble  stone  wch  remaynes  to  this 
day,  where  his  shrine  was  exalted,*  H.  45]. 

(87)      (LII.     The  Shrink  of  Holy  Saint  Bede.) 

The  Shrine  of  holie  Sacte  Beede  [the  Shryne  of  St. 
Beeda,  II.  45],  before  mentioned  in  yc  galleleie  was  defaced 
by  ye  said  visitors*  &  at  yc  same  suppression,  his  bones 
being  interred*  vnder  yc  same  place  where  his  shrine  was 
before  erected  [exalted,  H.  45]. 

There  ys  two  stones,  that  was  of  Sayncte  Beedes  shrine 
in  the  galiley  of  blewe  nible  wih  after  the  defaci nge  therof 
was  browght  into  yc  bodye  of  the  church  and  lyeth  nowe 
over  against  the  estmost  Toumbe  of  the  Neivellf  ioyned 
both  together,  the  vppcrmost  stone  of  the  said  shrine  hath 
iij  [altera/  to  iiij  ;  three,  II.  45;  4,  Cos.  ;  three,  L.,  C] 
holes  in  euy  corner  for  Irons  to  stand  and  to  be  fastned 
in  to  guyde  the  couyng  whene  yt  was  drawe  vp  or  leticn 
downe,  wherevpon  did  stand  Saincte  Beedes  shrine.  And 
the  other  ys  a  playne  nible  stone  whichc  was  Loweste 
and  dyd  lye  aboue  a  litle  nibel  tombe,  where  on  y-  lower 
end  of  yc  v  :  smale  pillers  of  inble  did  stande,  w**  pillers 


1600. 


104  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll>    did  also  supporte  the  vppmost  stone,  the  said  stones*  lyeth 
'  nowe  bothe  together  (as  is  affbrsaid)  endway  before  [near, 
H.  45]  where  Jesus  alter  did  stande. 


(LIII.)      The  Rite  or  Auncyent  Custome  of 

Prossession  within  the  Abbey 

curche  of  Durha  Before 

ye  Suppression  as 

hereafter  follow"1. 

Prossessio  by  ye  Prior  &  ye 
mounckes  on  Sacte  Marks  Day.* 

Vpo  Sacte  Markt  daie  after  easter,  wch  was  comonly 
fasted*  thorowe  all  ye  countrie  &  no  flesh  ete  vpo  it,  the 
por  wth  ye  mounckf  had  a  solemne  pssession  as  that  daie 
&  went  to  ye  Bowe  church*  wth  yer  psessio  &  did  verie 
solemne  svice  ther,  and  one  of  ye  mounckes  did  make  a 
smond  to  all  ye  people  of  ye  pishe  &  of  ye  towne  that 
came  thether. 

(LIV.)     Prosessio  of  ye  iij  cross  daies*  by 
the  prior  and  ye  mounckes. 

Likewise,  on  moundaie  in  cross  weake  they  had  also  an 
other  solemne  psessio  &  did  goe,  to  Sacte  Oswald  f  church 
in  elvett  &  there  did  verie  solemne  svice  and  had  (88)  a 
smont  yl  one  of  ye  mounckf  did  make  before  ye  audyence  of 
many  people  of  ye  towne./ 

Likewise  ye  morowe  after  beinge  Tewsdaie  they  had  an 
other  solemne  psessio  to  Sacte  Margaretf  church  in  fram- 
welgate  &  did  solemne  svice  there  &  one  of  ye  mounckes 
did  make  a  smont  to  ye  audient  of  much  people  of  ye  said 
pishe. 

Likewise  on  ye  morowe  after  being  wedinsday  they  had 
an  other  solemne  psession  to  Sacte  Nicholas  church  in  the 
mkett  place  and  there  did  devyne  svice  very  sollemly  and 
had  a  sermont  made  by  one  of  yc  mounckes  before  ye  great 
Audyence  of  many  people. 


PROCESSIONS.  105 

(LV.)     Prossessio  of  Hallowe1  thursdaie,  whitsonday,    RoJl< 

(.-.  1600. 

(Sc  Trinitie  Sonnday,  by  the  P  or  &  yc  mounckes. 

[The  manner  of  y*  Lord  Prior  &  his  monckes  goeing  in 
Procession  vpon  Assenc'on  day  Whitsonday  &  Trinytie 
Sonday,  H.  45]. 

The  next  morninge  being  Hallowe  thursdaie  they  had 
also  a  general]  pssessio  wth  two  crosses  borne  before 
theme,  [Vpon  theis  great  festivall  daies  the  Prio1  hadd  two 
great  Crosses  borne  before  hym,  H.  45J  the  one,  of  yc 
erosses  the  stafe  and  all  of  gould,  the  other  of  sylver  and 
peell  gilt  both  ye  crose  and  the  staffe,  wth  Sacte  Cuthb: 
Ban*  that  holy  Reliquie,  wch  was  borne  formest  in  the 
pssession  wth  all  the  Riche  copes  that  was  in  ye  church, 
euy  mouncke  had  one,  and  the  prio  had  a  mveilous 
Riche  cope  on,  of  clothe  of  ffyne  pure  gould,  the  which  he 
was  not  able  to  goe  vp  right  wth  it,  for  the  weightines 
therof,  but  as  me  did  staye  it  [but  as  some  did  goc  by 
hym,  H.  45],  &  holde  it  vp  of  euy  side,  when  he  had  it  on, 
[he  went,  H.  45]  wth  his  crutch  in  his  hand  wch  was  of 
sylver  and  Duble  gilt,  with  [a  rich,  interlined]  myter"  on 
his  head,  also  Sacte  Beedes  shrine*  yl  holy  Reliquie  [& 
reliques,  H.  45],  was  caryed  in  the  said  .pssessio  wth  iiij 
mounckes  on  there  shoulders,  and  Sertain  other  MounckC 
did  cary  about  wth  theme  in  ye  saide  pssessio  dyvers  other 
holy  RelickC,  as  the  picture  of  Sacte  Oswald*  of  sylver 
and  gilt,  and  S'cte  Margarettt'  Crosse,*  of  sylver  &  duble 
gilt,  wch  pssessio  did  goc  furth  of  the  north  dore  of  the 
abbey  church,  and  thorowe  ye  church  yeard,  &  down 
Lyegaite*  by  yc  Bowe  church  end,  and  up  the  south  baley* 
and  in  at  yv  abbey  gates  [&  soe  to  the  Abbey  gates, 
H.  45],  where  a  grete  number  of  people  did  stand  both 
men,  women,  &  childrine,  wth  great  reverence  and  devoc'on, 
wch  was  a  goodly  &  a  godly  sight  to  behold,  and  so  went 
thorowe  v  abbey  garth*  &  a  number  of  men  following  yt, 
but  no  women  was  suffred  (89)  to  goe  further  then  the 
abbey  yeattC  [in  ye  Baylie,  H.  45],  &  so  thorow  yc  cloister 
into  y°  church./ 

'  Holy,  Cos.  and  editions. 


106  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Roll,  Also  vpone  Witsonndaie  was  a  generall  pssessio  like- 
'  l  °°'  wise,  wch  was  done  wth  great  Solennytie  after  this  foresaid 
pssessio  as  it  was  on  hallow  thursday,  wth  Sacte  Beedef 
shrine  and  Sacte  Cuthb:  Bail  and  all  the  holie  Reliques, 
as  yc  Image  of  Sacte  Oswald,  and  the  Image  of  Sacte 
Adian*  (sic)  and  the  holie  Relique  of  Sacte  Margarettt 
Cross  wth  dyiif  holie  Reliques  besides. 

Lykewise,  on  trinitie  Sonndaie  there  was  an  other  gene- 
rall pssessio  after  this  sorte  aforesaid  wth  all  the  aforesaid 
Reliques  and  wente  all  ye  same  sircuit  that  all  ye  aforesaide 
pssessiones  dyd  goe  before. 

Many  was  the  goodly  riche  Jewellf  and  Reliques*  that 
did  apptaine  to  that  same  churche,  yt  was  accoumpted  to  be 
the  richest  churche  in  all  this  land  so  greate  was  the  Rich 
Jewellf  &  ornamtf  that  was  geve  &  bestowed  of  that 
holie  ma  Sacte  Cuth:  Besydf  that  kyng  Richard*  did 
geve  his  plamente  Robe  of  blewe  vellet  wrowght  wth  great 
lyons  of  pure  gould  a  mveilouse  rich  Cope,  and  an  other 
Cope  of  clothe  of  gould  geve  to  ye  same  church,  in  the 
worship  of  that  holie  ma  Sacte  Cuthb:  by  an  other  prince, 
so  great  was  the  godly  myndf  of  Kingf ,  quenes,  and  other 
great  estaitf  for  the  great  devoc'on  &  love  that  they  had  to 
god  and  holy  Sacte  Cuthbert  in  that  Church./  [Many  rich 
and  pretious  Jewells  and  holy  reliques  did  belonge  and 
apptayne  vnto  this  Church  Itt  was  held  to  be  one  of  ye 
richest  Churches  in  all  England,  soe  great  was  ye  rich 
Jewells  and  ornamts  Copes  Vestmts  and  plaite  presented  to 
holy  Sl  Cuthbert  by  Kinges  Queenes  Princes  &  Noblemen 
as  in  theis  daies  is  almoste  beyond  beleife  Kinge  Rich: 
did  geive  his  Parliam1  Robe  of  blew  Velvit  richly  wrought 
wth  great  Lyons  of  pure  gould  and  another  Cope  of  Cloth 
of  gould  geiven  to  St.  Cuthbert  by  another  Prince  soe 
great  was  ye  love  of  Princes  in  those  daies  to  religious  & 
holy  workes  towards  ye  church.     H.  45]. 

Looke  what  is  further  to  be  desyred  in  ye  r  enerration 
[generation,  Cos. ;  Enarration,  L.  ;  ennarac'on,  C]  of  this 
Auncyent  Church  and  godly  ceremonyes  therin  frequented, 
yow  shall   Reade  at  large  in  the  historie  of  the  church*  wch 


"  Looke,"  etc.,  repeated  on  a  joining. 


PROCESSIONS.  107 

couklc  not  be  conveynyently  sett  downe  in  these  pticuler    Rol,< 

.  C.   1  boo 

notes  beinge  but  as  yt  weare  a  glass  tor  ye  vewers  and 

beholders  therof. 

(LVI.)    The  Auntient  solemnytie of  pscession  vpocor- 

pus  christi  day  wthin  ye church  and  citie  of  durham. 

before3  ye  suppressio  of  yc  said  abbey  Churche. 

There  was  a  goodly  pssessio  vpo  ye  place  grene  on  y 
thursday  after  Trinitie  sonndaie  in  y  hono'  of  corpy 
Christi  daie  vL'  w**  was  a  pryncipall  feast  at  that  tyme. 
The  baley  of  the  towne  [did  stand  in  y  towle  bowth  and 
interlined]  did  calle  yl"  occupac'ons  that  was  inhabiters  wth 
in  ye  towne  euy  occupatio  in  his  degre  to  bring  forthe  ther 
Ban  \vth  all  the  lightes  appteyninge  to  there  setiall 
Bannf  &  (90)  to  repaire  to  ye  abbey  church  Doure  euy 
banner  to  stand  a  Rowe  [in  ranke,  Cos.]  in  his  Degree 
from  ye  abbey  church  Dour  to  Wyndshole  yett,*  on  ye 
west  syde  of  ye  wave  did  all  ye  Bannf  stand,  and  o\\  ye 
easte  syde  of  yc  way  dyd  all  ye  Torges  [torches,  Cos.]  stand 
pteyninge  to  ye  sayd  Bannares. 

Also  there  was  a  goodly  shrine  in  Sacte  Nicholas  church, 
ordeyned  to  be  carved  ye  sayd  daie  in  Prossession  cauled 
Corpus  Christi  shrine  all  fynlye  gilted  a  goodly  thing  to 
behould,  and  on  yr  hight  of  ye  sayd  shrine  was  a  foure 
Squared  Box  all  of  christall,  wherin  was  enclosed  the  holy 
sacram1  of  thaulter  and  was  caryed  yc  said  daie  with  iiij 
preistes  vp  to  \"  place  grene  tS:  all  ye  hole  prossessio  of  all 
v  churches  in  ye  said  towne  goyng  before  ytt  and  when  it 
was  a  litle  space  wthin  Wyndshole  yett  yt  dyd  stand  still, 
then  was  Sacte  Cuthb:  Bann  browghte  fourth  wth  two 
goodlv  faire  crosses  to  nieete  yt  and  y  por  <S:  eovent  wlh 
all  vc  whole  companye  of  y*  Quere  all  in  there  best  copes 
dvd  meet  v  said  shrine  sytting  on  there  kneys  and 
prayinge.  The  prior  did  sence  yt  [fetch  it,  Cos.]  and  then 
caryinge  \t  forward  into  the  abbey  church  yc  por  and 
COvent  wlh  all  the  quere  following  yt  It  was  sett  in  v 
quere    <S:  solemne    svice    don    before    ytt   and    Te    Deuin 

-  "  before,"  etc.,  secunda  maun. 


I08  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

Roll<  solemnly  songe  and  plaide  of  yc  orgayns  euy  ma  praysinge 
'  god  and  all  ye  Bannt  of  ye  occupac'ons*  dyd  followe  ye 
said  shrine  into  ye  church  goyng  Rownde  about  Saincte 
Cuthb:  fereture  lyghtinge  there  Torches  &  burning  all  ye 
svice  tyme.  then  yt  was  caryed  frome  thence  wth  ye  said 
pssessio  of  ye  towne  back  againe  to  yu  place  from  whence 
it  came  &  all  the  Bant  of  ye  occupac'ons  following  it,  & 
setting  yt  againe  in  ye  church,  euy  ma  maiking  his 
prayers  to  god  did  depte,  and  ye  said  shrine  was  caryed 
into  ye  Revestrie*  where  yt  Remayned  vntill  that  tyme 
Twelvemonthe. 

Then  afterward  in  ye  first  yere  of  Kyng  Edwardes 
Reigne  there  was  certaine  comyssioners  appoynted  to 
deface  all  suche  ornamentf  as  was  lefte  in  ye  ptehe 
churches  in  Durh111  vndefaced  in  ye  form  visitac'on,  yL" 
names  of  ye  comyssioners  was  Docter  Harvye  and  Docter 
Whitby*  ye  said  docter  Harvie  did  call  for  ye  said  shrine, 
and  when  it  was  browght  before  him  he  dyd  tread  vpo  it" 
wth  his  feete  and  did  breake  yt  all  in  peces  withe  dyut 
other  ornamentf  pteyninge  to  ye  church. 


APPENDIX. 


(f.  141')    (p.  qi)     I.     A  description*  of  the  histories  sett  MS-  RiwL 

1603. 
foorth  in  the  glasse  windowes  in  the  Catherdrall 

Church  of  Duresme. 

(MS.  Rawlinson,  B.  300,  Bodleian  Library). 

The  north  Alley  of  ye  body  of  yc  Church. 

1.  In  the  Alley  towards  the  north  are  6  glasse 
Wyndowes.  y  lowest  towards  the  Lanterne  haith  3  faire 
lights*  devyded  wth  stoneworke  hauinge  therein  y  picture 
of  Christ  crucified,  in  the  middle  or  first  light,  &  in  the 
2  light  the  picture  of  our  blessed  Lady  one  the  one  side 
of  the  picture  of  Christ,  and  in  the  3  light  the  picture  of 
saint  Iohn  Evangelist  on  the  other  syde  of  y°  picture  of 
Christ,  &  a  monke  in  a  blew  habitte*  (vnderneeth  him) 
kneeling  vpon  his  knees*  &  holding  vp  his  hands  :  &  6 
turrett  wyndowes*  in  plaine  glasse. 

2.  In  the  2  wyndow  are  2  long  lights  devvded  wth 
stoneworke  in  white  glasse  wth  out  pictures,  round  about 
coloured  glasse,*  &  4  turrett  wyndowes. 

3.  In  the  3  wyndow  are  2  faire  long  lights  deuided  wth 
stoneworke  hauinge  in  ye  first  light  the  picture  of  saint 
Katherine,*  &  beneath  her  ye  picture  of  saint  Oswold,  & 
below  him  ye  picture  of  saint  Cuthbert,  in  ye  2  light  is  ye 
picture  of  our  Blessed  Lady,  wlh  Christ  in  her  armes,  c\: 
beneath  her  y  picture  of  saint  Bede,  And  below  him  the 
picture  of  St.  Edmond  B.  &  y°  armes  of  Sl  Cuthbert,* 
&  S1  Oswold  finely  sett  out  in  coloured  glasse,  &  4  turrett 
wyndowes. 

4.  In  y  4  wyndow  are  2  long  lights  devyded  as  afore- 
said in  white  glasse  wth  out  pictures,  round  about  wlh 
couloured  glasse,  &  4  turrett  wyndowes. 

5.  In  the  5  are  2  long  lights  deuided  wlh  stoneworke  in 
white  glasse  without  pictures,  round  about  with  coulered 
glasse,  &  5  turrett  Wyndowes,  4  vndreneath  and  1  aboue. 


i6o." 


IIO  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawi.,  (g2)  6.  In  the  6  window  are  2  long  lights  devyded  wth 
stoneworke  hauing  in  ye  1  light  y°  picture  of  saint  Oswold, 
&  beneath  him  the  picture  of  Sl  Paule,  &  in  the  2  light  the 
picture  of  Sl  Peter,  &  beneath  him  ye  picture  of  Sl  lames, 
in  fyne  coloured  glasse,  &  aboue  4  turrett  lights,  with 
Bushop  Skirlawes  armes*  in  the  topp. 

In  the  end  of  ye  Church  towards  yc  West,  oil  ye  north 
Gallilee  doore,   is  a  wyndow  with  2   lights  devyded  with 
stoneworke,   hauing  in   the  south  light  the  picture  of  o 
Blessed  Lady  wth  Christ  in  her  armes,  &  a  scepter  in  her 
hands  &  ye  2  or  north  light  in  white  glasse,  &  aboue  are 

4  turrett  lights  with  B.  Skirlawes  armes  in  the  top  of  all. 

The  South  Alley  of  ye  body  of  ye  Church. 

In  this  Alley  are  6  wyndowes  of  glasse,  fynelv  coulered 
wth  pictures,  vi^t. 

1.  In  ye  1  011  ye  Church  doore  going  into  the  cloister 
is  a  wyndow  with  3  faire  long  lights  devyded  with  stone- 
worke, hauing  in  the  1  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Oswold,  (f.  15) 
In  the  2  light  the  picture  of  O'  Blessed  Ladie  &  vnderneath 
her  is  B.  Langley  in  his  episcopall  attyre  praying  on  his 
knees  &  holding  up  his  hands,  with  his  armes  in  a 
scutcheon*  vnderneath  hi  &  thes  words  orate  ,p  ala  diii 
Thome  Langley  quonda  ep'i  huius  eccl'ie,  &  in  thee  3 
light  is  pictured  saint  Cuthbert,  sett  foorth  in  fyne  coloured 
glasse,  &  3  white  turrett  wyndowes. 

2.  In  the  2  light  are  2  faire  long  lights  devyded  wth 
stoneworke  hauing  in  the  1  light  the  picture  of  Sl  George 
in  armoure,  and  a  red  lyon  vnder  his  feete,  &  in  the  2 
light  the  picture  of  S1  Oswould  king,  in  the  3  light  the 
picture  of  o  blessed  Lady,  in  ye  4  light  ye  picture  of  saint 
Cuth :  in  his  episcopall  attyre,  &  in  the  5  light  ye  picture 
of  Sl  Xpofer*  with  Christ  on  his  shoulder  &  astaffe  in  his 
hand  budding  &  flourishing,  &  the  draught  of  the  instru- 
ments wherewith  Christ  was  crucified  &  the  mann  thereof 
excellently  sett  foorth.     &   10  knotts*   in  coloured  glasse 

5  aboue  and  5  below,  &  6  tower  wyndowes  in  white  glasse. 

3.  In  the  3  window  are  2  long  lights  devyded  wth 
stoneworke   hauing  in  y°    1   light  the  picture  of  god*  the 


THE    NORTH    ALLEY    OF    THE    LANTERN.  I  I  I 

(father  &  Christ  on  his  brest  hanging  one  t he  crosse,  &  in  Ms-  Rawl 
the  2   light   is   pictured   S1  Cuthbert   \vlh  certaine  amies  of 
the  neviles  excellently  done,  &  4  turrett  wyndowes  in  the 
topp  hauing  all  the  neviles  amies  as  they  were  ioyned   in 
marriage. 

4.  In  the  4  window  are  2  faire  long  lights  devyded  with 
(03)  stoneworke  hauing  in  the  1  light  the  picture  of  o 
blessed  Lady,  &  S*  lohn  Baptist,  81  S'  paule,  &  in  the 
2  light  S1  lohn  Euangelist  with  the  chalice  in  his  hand, 
S1  Anne  <S:  other  pictures  wth  3  neuils  amies  beneath  as 
they  were  ioyned  in  marriage  &  aboue  4  turrett  wyndowes 
wth  the  nevills  amies  in  them  all. 

5.  In  the  5  window  are  2  fare  long  lights  devided  wth 
stoneworke,  hauing  in  the  1  light  ye  picture  of  the  Angell 
Gabriell  saluting  the  blessed  virgin  Mary,  &  in  the  2 
light  is  ye  picture  of  our  blessed  Ladie  &  2  other  angells 
with  scutcheons  with  the  armes  of  the  nevills"  &  others 
with  whom  they  were  maryed,  on  there  breasts,  the  one 
angell  vnder  Sl  Gabriel,  &  thee  other  vnder  o  blessed 
Ladie,  all  sett  out  in  fyne  coloured  glasse,  and  aboue  4 
tower  wyndoes  in  painted  glasse  wth  knotts. 

6.  In  the  6  wyndow  are  2  faire  long  lights  devided  with 
stoneworke,  without  pictures,  and  aboue  4  towre  lights, 
hauing  in  them  the  armes  of  4  seuall  noblemen  in  coulored 
glas. 

Also  there  is  a  window  ou  the  south  doore  of  the 
Gallilee,  hauing  3  lights  devyded  with  stoneworke,  with- 
out pictures,  &  4  towre  wyndowes  in  white  glasse. 

(f.  151')     The  north  Alley  of  the  Lanterne. 

In  the  end  of  y  said  Alley  towards  the  north,  is  a  faire 
glasse  window  &  therein  3  faire  long  lights  devided  with 
stoneworke,  hauing  in  the  1  light  the  picture  of  S1  lohn 
Bap:  wth  y  Lambe  of  God  in  his  hand,  &  in  yc  second 
light  is  y  picture  of  o  B.  Ladie,  w,h  the  picture  of  a 
monke  in  a  blew  habite  vpon  his  knees,  holding  vp  his 
hands  vnto  her,  &  aboue  his  his  |v/V]  head  written  m'r 
dei  miserere  mei,  &  in  the  3  light   is  v  picture  of  Sl  lohn 


112  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawl.,  Evangelist   wth    a    read    in     his    hand,    &    beneth    hi   ye 
°3'      draughts  of  the  nevills  Crosse,  &  bulls  head,  with  ii  towre 
windoes  aboue,   &  ye   picture   of  God   Almightie   in   thee 
highest  of  all  in  fyne  coloured  glasse. 

And  further  in  the  sd  Alley  are  3  altars,  &  aboue  euie 
altar  on  glasse  window,  hauing  3  fare  long  lights  deuided 
with  stoneworke. 

1.  The  1  altarre  is  called  Sl  Giles  altar,  &  in  yl  wyndow 
in  ye  1  light  is  pictured  Sl  Nicholas,  hauing  vnder  his  feet 
written  scus  Nicolaus  epus,  in  the  2  light  is  pictured 
nicodemp  wth  bluddy  hands  &  face  bearing  y°  wight  of 
Christ  of  the  crosse  in  his  armes,  (94)  &  in  ye  3  light  is 
pictured  saint  Gyles  in  a  blew  habitt,  with  ye  hind  at  his 
feete*  shott  wth  a  shaft. 

2.  The  2  Altar  is  called  Sl  Gregories  altar,  hauing 
thereon  another  window  with  3  faire  lights  devyded  wth 
stoneworke,  in  ye  first  light  is  ye  picture  of  saint  Gregorie, 
in  ye  2  light  is  ye  picture  of  o~  B.  Lady,  wth  Christ  in  her 
armes,  and  one  Wm  Seaton  sub  prior  a  monke  pictured 
vnder  her  in  a  blew  habitt  kneeling  &  holding  vp  his 
handi  wth  these  words,  Wm  Seaton  sub  prior,  &  in  the 
3  light  a  bish[o]p  wth  a  crosse  on  his  should  [sic]  called  Sl 
Ambrose. 

3.  The  3  Altar  is  called  Sl  Bennets  Altar,  &  hauing  ye 
like  window,  wth  3  fare  lights,  in  ye  1  light  is  the  picture 
of  S*  Bennet  in  a  blew  habitt,  with  a  crosyer  staffe  in  his 
hand,  &  vnderneath  him,  the  picture  of  Sl  Herome  wth  y° 
Cardinalls  hatt  on  his  head,  &  in  ye  2  light  is  the  picture 
of  Xpte  as  he  did  ascend,  &  rose  from  the  death,  &  a 
picture  of  a  prior  kneeling  and  holding  vp  his  hands, 
before  ye  altatr  [sic]  with  a  miter  sett  vpon  it,  In  ye  3  light 
is  ye  picture  of  Sl  Katherine*  wth  ye  whele  in  her  hand,  & 
vnder  her  the  picture  of  Mary  Magdelene  wth  an  alablaster 
box  in  her  hands  wth  the  ointement  therein  as  she 
annoynted  Christ,  &  aboue  are  3  towre  windowes  pictured 
therein,  with  angells,  all  sett  forth  in  fyne  coulored 
glasse. 


THE   SOUTH    ALLEY   OF  THE    LANTERN.  I  1 3 

And  V  order  of  S'   Bennett*  sett  forth   in   there  pictures  Ms-  Rawl., 
in    wainscott,    with    a    ptition,    the    priors*    within    &    \"' 
monkes  wth  out. 

The  south   Alley  of  y°   Lanterne. 

In  the  Alley  are  3  altars,  the  1  called  o  La:  altar,  al's 
howghells  altar,  the  2  y  lady  of  Boltons  altar,  ye  3  sl 
ffides  altar  towards  ye  south. 

1.  The  1  aultar  hauing  a  faire  glasse  window  wlh  3 
faire  long  lights,  seiied  wth  stoneworke  hauing  in  y°  1 
light  the  picture  of  Sl  (Catherine*  wth  the  whele'  in  (f.  16) 
her  hand  vnderneeth  her  ye  picture  of  o  B.  lady  wth 
Christ  in  her  armes,  in  the  2  light,  &  vnder  her  the  picture 
of  a  monke  in  a  blew  habitt,  praing  &  holding  vp  his 
hands,  &  in  ye  3  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Margaret,  &  vnder 
y°  picture  of  Sl  Xpofer*  bearing  Chish  [sic]  of  his  shoulders, 
011  the  water,  hauing  a  staffe  budding  &  flourishing  in  his 
hand,  &  3  towre  windowes  wth  out  pictures  ;  The  [wth  the, 
H.  44]  picture  of  S*  Iohn  Baptist  put  in  prison,  &  standing 
within  the  grate  or  iron  barre  thereof,  wth  a  booke  in  his 
hand  wlh  (95)  yc  lambe  of  God  vpon  it  pointing  vnto  it  wth 
the  other  hand,  as  when  Xpt  sent  diuers  messengers  to 
Iohn  being  in  prison  who  pointed  vnto  the  Lambe  wth  his 
finger,  ecce  agnus  dei,  wdl  was  Christ  who  had  sent  to 
learne  of  hi  who  he  was. 

2.  The  2  altar  haith  alsoe  a  Window  wth  3  lights, 
hauing  in  yc  1  yc  picture  of  Sl  Iohn  Euangelist  wlh  ye  read 
in  his  right  hand,  &  ye  eagle  vpon  his  booke,  in  his  left 
hand,  &  vnder  him  ye  picture  of  Sl  Nicholas,  in  the  2  light 
ye  picture  of  o^  Lady  of  Bolton,  with  a  golden  mase  in  her 
hand,  &  a  crowne  of  gold  on  her  head,  a  monke  vnder 
her  feete,  k'eling  &  praying  wth  eleuated  hands,  &  in 
v  3  light  \"  picture  of  Sl  Stephen  with  the  stones  in  his 
hand  where  with  he  was  martered,2  &  vnder  hi  the  picture 
of  Sl  Iohn  Bap:  wth  the  lambe  in  his  hand,  &  aboue  all  3 
towre  windoes  with  couloured  glasse  sett  forth,  with 
aungells  pictured  in  them. 

1    "whole"  in  MS.  a  "quartered"  in  MS. 

8 


114  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawl.,  3.  The  3  aultar  haith  alsoe  3  like  lights,  hauing  in  ye 
°3'  1  the  picture  of  o^  Blessed  Ladie  wth  Xpt  in  her  armes,  & 
vnder  her  the  picture  of  Sl  ffides,  in  yc  2  light  the  picture 
of  god  ye  father,  wth  Xpt  in  his  armes,  as  pceeding  from 
thee  father,  vnderneath  hi  ye  picture  of  Sl  Thonas  [sic]  & 
vnder  him  the  picture  of  a  monke  in  a  blew  habitt, 
praying  &  holding  vp  his  hands,  &  vnder  him  ye  picture 
of  Sl  Leonde,"  vnder  hi  ye  picture  of  Sl  Laurence,  &  in  the 
high  pt  of  all  the  window,  in  a  little  turrett  window,  the 
picture  of  Sl  Bede  in  a  blew  habitt,  and  2  other  little  turrett 
windowes,  with  thee  pictures  of  2  aungells. 

In  ye  end  of  the  said  altar  southward  is  a  faire 
glasse  window  wth  3  faire  long  lights,  devided  with  stone- 
worke,  in  the  middle  or  1  light  is  ye  picture  of  Xpt 
crucified,  &  vnderneath  ye  picture  of  A  monke  in  a  blew 
habitt  kneeling  &  holding  vp  his  hands  hauing  written 
aboue  his  head,  Xpe  Iesu  Thoe  des  grandiu  [gaudium, 
H.  44],  &  in  ye  2  light  ye  picture  of  o  B.  lady  on  theone 
side  of  Christ,  &  in  ye  3  light  ye  picture  of  Sl  Iohn 
Evangelist  on  theother  side,  of  Xpt,  &  aboue  all  5  towre 
lights  wth  ye  picture  of  god  almightie  wth  a  globe  in  his 
hand,  &  in  ye  middle  light  ye  picture  of  2  aungells  ov  [on, 
H.  44]  either  side  of  god,  one  in  either  of  ye  other  2  lights 
[sic]. 

Also  there  is  a  window  towards  ye  cloister,  on  ye  west 
side  on  the  clocke  doore,  011  ye  old  seat*  hauing  therein  3 
faire  long  lights  deuided  wth  stoneworke,  hauing  in  the  1 
light  ye  picture  of  o  Ladie,  &  vnder  her  ye  picture  of  S* 
Cuth:  wth  Sl  Oswolds  head  (96)  in  his  hand,  in  ye  2  light 
ye  picture  of  0'  sauiour  Xpte  on  the  Crosse  with  .  I.  n.  r.  I. 
ou  his  head,  wth  aungells  receyuing  blood  &  water  from 
his  side,  &  2  aungells,  receyuing  ye  blood  from  his  feet,  & 
thee  (f.  i6b)  &  the  picture  of  the  sunne  &  moone  wanting 
light  aboue  his  head,  vnderneath  the  picture  of  Xpt,  is  the 
picture  of  o  Ladie,  &  vnderneeth  her  the  picture  of  a 
monke  in  a  blew  habitt  holding  vp  his  hands  &  kneeling 
hauing  aboue  his  head  .  M'r  dei  miserere  mei,  &  in  the 
3d  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Iohn  Baptist,  &  Sl  Oswold  vnder 
him,  as  he  was  king  in  princely  attyre. 


THE  NORTH  ALLEY  OF  THE  QUIRE.        i  1 5 

The  North  Alley  of  the  Quiere.  MS.  Rawl. 

J  ~*  1003. 

In  the  North  Alley  of  the  quier  are  4  faire  contoured 
glasse  windowes  seuered  with  stoneworke. 

1.  The  1  hauing  therein  4  faire  long  lights  seiied  as 
aboue,  having  a  casement*  therein  cotaining  in  the  1  light 
the  picture  of  our  blessed  Lady,  wth  Xpt  in  her  armes,  &  a 
triple  crowne  of  gold  on  his  [her,  H.  44]  head,  in  y°  2 
light  is  pictured  S1  Anne,  in  the  3  light  Sl  Marie  Magde- 
lene,  &  in  the  4  light  S1  Marie  Cleophe,  &  Salome,  being 
the  3  Maries,  tS:  5  little  toure  windoes  in  white  glasse  in 
the  hight  of  all. 

2.  In  ye  2  window  is  4  faire  long  lights  seued  as  aboue, 
hauing  in  ye  1  light  yr  picture  of  Sl  Michaell  thearchangell, 
w,h  a  sword  in  the  one  hand,  &  a  staffe  wth  a  crosse  on 
theother,  killing  the  dragon,  in  y  2  light  the  picture  of 
saint  Katherine  wth  y  whele J  on  her  hand,  &  a  naked 
sword,  &  written  aboue  her  head,  S'ca  Katherina,  in  the 
3  light  the  picture  of  o  blessed  La:  wtb  Xpt  in  her  armes, 
&  written  aboue  her  head,  s'ca  Maria,  vnderneth  her  feete 
the  picture  of  a  monke  in  a  blew  habitt,  kneeling  wth 
eleuated  hands,  &  written  aboue  his  head,  m'r  dei  misere 
{sic)  mei,  vnderneth  his  feete  written,  dfis  Georgip  Co'n- 
furth.  and  in  yc  4  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Cuthbert  wth  Sl 
oswolds  head  in  his  hand,  &  011  hi  written,  S'cus  Cuth- 
bert0, &  aboue  all  are  7  towre  lights  in  white  glasse, 
&  below  2  knotts  in  white  glasse. 

3.  In  ye  3  window  are  4  like  lights  seued  as  aboue,  in 
ye  1  ye  picture  of  Sl  Oswold  King  wth  ye  Crosse  on  his 
brest,  in  the  2  light  ye  picture  of  Sl  Cuth:  wth  S'cus 
Cuthbert0  written  vnder  hi,  in  the  3  ye  picture  of  Sl 
Gregorie,  with  s'cus  Gregori0  written  vnder  hi,  &  in  the  4 
of  a  monke  traueyling*  to  the  sea  syde,  and  washing  his 
feete  found  saint  Cuthbert  standing  in  ye  sea  aboue  his 
sholders  holding  vp  his  hands,  looking  towars  heauen, 
saing  his  prayers,  &  alsoe  another  monke  lying  on  the 
hight  of  a  rocke  leaneing  on  his  arme,  beholding  holy  Sl 
Cuth:  wher  he  stood,  in  the  sea  at  his  prayers,  (97)  aboue 
all  7  towre  windoes  in  coloured  glasse,  hauing  in  the 
sundrie  pictures. 

'  "  whole  "  in  MS. 


Il6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawl.,  4.  \n  the  4  window  is  4  like  lights,  contaying  [sic]  in 
°3'  the  1  y°  picture  of  Aydanus  B.  in  the  2  ye  picture  of  Sl 
Cuth:  in  the  3  saint  Mary,  &  in  ye  4  Sl  Oswold,  finely  sett 
out  in  coloured  glasse,  &  3  turrett  windows  hauing  the 
pictures  of  two  angells  offering1  to  the  pictures  of  xpt 
incense,  in  the  highest  wth  12  couloured  knotts. 

(f.  17)    The  south  Alley  of  the  quier. 

1.  In  the  south  Alley  are  4  windoues,  the  1  hauing  4 
long  lights  seiied  with  stoneworke,  hauing  in  the  1  light 
the  picture  of  Sl  Cuth:  wth  Sl  Oswolds  head  in  his  hand, 
in  the  2  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Oswold  king  with  his 
scepter  in  his  hand,  in  ye  3  light  the  picture  of  o  B.  lady 
with  Xpte  in  her  armes,  &  in  the  4  light  ye  picture  of  Sl 
George  in  armour  in  blew  colours/  killing  the  dragon,  & 
vnderneath  euie  of  the  the  draughts  of  there  4  seuall 
armes  in  scutcheons,*  vizt.  of  Sl  Cutb:  Sl  Oswold,  o 
Blessed  Lady,  &  Sl  George,  &  aboue  all  3  towre  windowes 
in  white  glasse  with  4  knotts  of  fyne  couloured  glasse 
vnderneeth  them. 

2.  In  the  2  window  are  4  like  lights,  hauing  in  them, 
the  picture  of  Sl  Peter  wth  s'cus  Petrus  vnder  his  feete, 
hauing  the  golden  keyes  in  his  hand,  &  his  pt  of  the 
Crede,"  Credo  in  deu  &c  :  in  the  2  the  picture  of  Sl 
Andrew  with  scus  Andreas  vnder  hi,  &  aboue  his  head,  et 
in  Iesu  &c.  in  the  3  the  picture  of  Sl  lames  with  a  staffe  & 
a  crosse  vpon  it  in  his  hand,  &  vnder  hi  s'cus  Iacobus  & 
aboue  his  head  qui  conceptus  &c.  &  in  the  4  the  picture 
of  Sl  Iohn  Euangelist  wth  the  chalice  in  one  hand,  &  the 
read  in  the  other,  undre  hi  s'cus  Ioh'es,  &  aboue  him 
passus  sub  pontio  &c.  &  13  toure  windowes  in  most  fyne 
colours,  &  aboue  all  the  picture  of  God  almighty  in  fyne 
couloured  glasse. 

3.  In  the  3  window  are  4  like  lights,  hauing  in  the  1 
the  picture  of  saint  Thomas  wth  s'cus  Thomas  vnder  him, 
&  aboue  hi  resurrexit  a  mortuis  &c.  in  the  2  the  picture  of 
saint  lames  vnder  him  S'cus  Iacobus,  &  aboue  hi,  et  sedit 
ad  dextra,  &c.  in  the  3  the  picture  of  Sl  Phillip,  vnder  hi 
S'cus    Phil:9  &   aboue   inde  venturus  est,    &   in   ye  4  ye 

'   "  yferring  "  in  MS. 


THE    VESTRY    HOUSE.  I  I  ~, 

picture  o\    S'    Bartholomew,    vnder   hi    S'cus    Bartolemeus,  Ms-  Rawl 

1003. 
&    aboue   credo    in    spirit u    sanctii    c\'c.    &    4    fyne     knotts 

in  coulered  glasse,  &  10  tow  re  windowes  in  white  glasse. 

4.  In  the  4  window  are  4  like  lights,  hailing  in  the  1 
the  picture  of  S<  (98)  Barbarie,  wt!l  the  castle  in  her  hand,  in 
the  2  light  the  picture  of  Sl  Andrew,  in  thee  3  the  picture 
of  S1  lohn  Euangelist,  &  in  ye  4  yc  picture  of  S1  lames 
with  thee  pilgrims  staffe  in  his  hand,  &  his  scrippe 
about  hi,  &  aboue  3  towre  windowes,  in  the  higehest  the 
picture  of  Xpt  crucified,  in  the  2  the  picture  of  o  blessed 
La:  cS:  in  ye  3  the  picture  of  Sl  lohn  baptist,  excellently 
sett  forth  in  fyne  couloured  glasse. 

The  Vestrie    House.1 

1.  Wherein  are  4  windowes,  in  the  east  end  thereof  the 
fairest  window  hailing  therein  5  faire  long  lights  setled 
with  stoneworke,  hauing  therein  the  picture  of  xpte 
crucified  in  the  midst  thereof,  &  aboue  his  head  a  pellican 
pictured,  giuing  her  blood  to  her  young  ones,  as  Xpt  gaue 
his  for  the  whole  world,  and  the  picture  of  our  blessed  La: 
platting  [wringing,  Hunter's  editions]  her  hands  & 
lamenting  most  pitifully  his  death,  on  the  (f.  17'')  on  the 
one  syde  of  xpte,  &  the  picture  of  Sl  lohn  Euangelist 
leaning  on  his  arme  on  theother  syde,  with  weeping  teares 
from  his  eyes,  &  the  picture  of  Sl  Bede  in  a  blew  habitt 
of  the  north  syde  of  our  blessed  Lady,  &  the  picture  of 
Sl  Leonard*  on  the  south  side,  of  Sl  lohn  being  all  fynely 
sett  forth  in  couloured  glasse. 

2.  In  the  2  window  are  3  like  lights,  hauing  in  the  1 
the  picture  of  S*  Oswold  with  a  ball  and  a  crosse  in  the  one 
hand,  and  a  scepter  in  the  other,  in  the  2  the  picture  of  our 
Lady,  with  Christ  in  her  amies,  and  in  ye  3  the  picture  of 
Sl  Cuthbert  wlh  saint  Oswolds  head  in  his  hand,  tS:  the 
picture  of  a  monke  called  Thomas  Moresbie"  deuoutlv 
kneeling,  with  M'r  dei  miserere  mei,  written  aboue  his 
head. 

3.  In  the  3  window  are  3  like  lights,  hauing  in  the  1 
the  picture  of  the  salutac'on  of  the  angell  Gabriell,  to 
the  virgin  Mary,  in  the  2  the   picture  of  o     blessed    Lady, 

'   This  section  is  not  in  MSS.  C.,  II.  44. 


IlS  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Raul.,  with  a  little  pott  before  her,  &  vnderneeth  her,  the  picture 
of  the  prior  of  Coldingha  named  Wm  Drax,*  hauing  a 
crosyer  staffe  in  one  hand,  &  a  booke  in  the  other,  in  a 
black  habitt  kneeling,  &  holding  vp  his  hands,  with  m'r 
dei  miserere  mei,  aboue  his  head,  &  vnder  him  Wm  Drax 
prior  of  Coldingha,  &  vnder  hi  ye  picture  of  Sl  Ebba 
prioresse,*  at  her  prayers  wth  these  words,  Aue  gra  plena 
d'ns  tecu. 

4.  In  the  4  window  are  3  like  lights,  hauing  in  yc  1, 
the  picture  of  B.  Aydan  in  his  episcopall  apparell,  with  his 
crosyer  (99)  staffe  in  his  hand,  in  the  2  light  the  picture  of 
gt  Wni  Bushop*  in  his  masse  apparell  &  a  staffe  in  his 
hand  wth  a  crosyer  vpon  it,  &  vnder  hi  the  picture  of  a 
monke  in  a  blacke  habitt,  called  Thomas  Rome,*  hauing 
written  vnder  hi  Thomas  Rome  sacrista,  and  aboue  him 
Scus  will'us  (sic)  ora  pro  nobis,  &  in  the  3  light  the  picture 
of  Sl  Bede  in  a  blew  habitt  all  sett  forth  in  couloured  glasse. 

The  9  Altars.* 

1.  ffirst  in  the  midest  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Cuthbert  &  Sl 
Bede,  aboue  wch  there  is  a  faire  long  window,  wth  4  long 
lights  seuered  wth  stoneworke,  &  a  crosse  diuision*  of 
stone  thwart  the  midst,  In  the  2  high  light  are  ye  pictures 
of  Sl  Cuthbert  with  Sl  Oswolds  head  in  his  right  hand,  & 
his  crosier  staffe  in  thother,  apparrelled  as  he  said  Masse, 
viz  an  albe  &  a  read  westm1  aboue  it,  &  Sl  Bede  in  a  blew 
habitt,  vnder  there  feet  in  the  same  high  lights  are  the 
pictures  of  2  Bishops  with  there  crosier  staues  in  there 
hands  kneeling  &  looking  vp  vnto  the,  in  there  espiscopall 
attire  &  myters,  the  one  vnder  Sl  Cuthbt  &  the  other  vnder 
saint  Bede. 

In  the  2  lower  lights  is  the  discription  of  Sl  Cuthbert 
[vide  Cloyster  windowes,*  H.  44]  wth  the  sun  beame 
shining,  vpon  his  mothers  bedd,  at  his  natiuity,  &  the 
building  of  Fame  Hand  with  other  pt  of  his  myracles,  wth 
the  picture  of  Sc  Oswold  king,  blowing  his  home,*  &  the 
picture  of  Sl  Cuthbt  appearing  to  ye  said  saint  Oswold, 
(f.  18)  with  the  draught  of  the  armes  of  Bishop  Langley 
&  others,  all  in  fyne  couloured  glasse,  and  aboue  all  are  4 


i  in:   NINE    \i.  i  ARS.  119 

turret    windows   cortteyning    the   picture   o(   our   blessed  •VIS-  K  •' 
Lady,    and    the    lillie    before    her,    and    her    salutation    in 
cou loured  glasse. 

On  the  south  side  oi  S1  Cuthberts  &  S'  Bedes  altar,  was 
the  altar  of  S*  Oswold  king,  &  Sl  Lawrence  haueing  aboue 
the  same  a  like  wyndow  &  light,  the  2  higher  lights 
hauing  the  picture  of  Sl  Oswold  with  a  scepter"  in  his 
right  hand,  &  a  golden  crowne  on  his  head,  &  a  crosse  & 
a  ball  in  the  left  hand,  &  vnder  hi  the  picture  of  Bishop 
Langley  in  his  pontifical!  habitt,  hauing  written  aboue  hi, 
o  s'ca  m'r  dei  ora  pro  me,  &  vnder  hi,  orate  pro  Thoma 
Langley  ep'o  dunelm,  &  the  picture  of  Sl  Lawrence 
wlh  his  girdirons  in  his  left  hand,  <&  the  armes  & 
scutcheon  of  B.  Langley  vnder  hi,  viz  a  faire  crowne  of 
gold  aboue  his  helmet,  &  within  the  crowne,  the  crest 
being  a  bush  of  ostrich  feathers*  excellently  sett  forth,  in 
fyne  greene  &  read  painted  glasse,  the  2  lower  lights 
conteyne  the  seWall  storyes  of  Sl  Oswold  beheaded  (100)  & 
lying  on  his  beare  accompanied  with  Sl  Cuth :  &  others, 
&  the  sun  beames  shyning  vpon  hi,  where  he  lav  on  his 
beare,  &  the  story  of  Sl  Laurence  death  &  martyrdome,  & 
in  the  middle  deuision  of  the  said  window  are  4  like  lights, 
hauing  4  starres  or  millets  in  the,  &  aboue  all  are  4  turrett 
windowes  hauing  the  pictures  of  our  sauiour  Christ,  and 
our  blessed  Ladie,  &  others  in  most  curious  glassoned 
worke. 

2.  The  2  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Thomas  of  Canterburie,  & 
sl  Katherine,  a  like  window  with  like  lights,  conteyning 
the  storie  of  Sl  Thomas  martirdome  comming  downe  on 
the  one  side,  &  the  storie  of  sl  Katherina'  brought  before 
the  king  &  tormented  on  the  wheeles,  with  2  aungells 
seuering  thee  wheeles  from  torturing  her,  &  after  coffiitted 
to  prison,  looking  foorth  of  the  grate,  and  her  beheading 
afterwards  in  the  kings  psence,  coming  downe  on  the 
other  side,  with  certaine  armes  &  scutcheons  in  4  turrett 
windowes,  vnder  the  midst  o\~  the  said  window  deuided,  & 
the  pictures  of  4  Bishops,  in  4  little  turret  windowes,  cS: 
the  picture  oi  0     B.   Lady  aboue  all  in  a  blew  habitt. 


120  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawi.,  3.  The  3  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Iohn  Baptist,  &  Sl 
Margeret  with  a  like  wyndow  &  lights  hailing  the  picture 
of  Sl  Iohn  Baptist  one  the  one  syde,  &  the  lambe,  &  a 
crosse  in  his  hand,  with  these  words  written  aboue  him, 
ecce  agnus  dei,  &  vnder  him.  (a  monke  called 
Thomas)  in  a  bleu  habitt,  with  these  words  aboue  hi, 
adiurua  [sic]  me  s'ce  Cuthb'te  Thorn,  &  his  baptizing  of 
Christ  in  Iordan,  being  after  brought  before  the  King 
and  Oueene  &  soe  consequently  beheaded,  &  the  picture  of 
Sl  Margaret"  on  the  other  syde,  hauing  oiicome  the  dragon, 
with  these  words  aboue  her,  S'ca  Margareta,  &  being 
brought  before  the  king  was  condemned,  &  hung  by  the 
head  haire,  drawen  vp  by  wyndowes,*  &  put  into  a  tunne 
of  oyle,  which  would  not  kill  her,  because  the  [sic]  would 
not  consume  it,  &  soe  she  was  beheaded,  aboue  all 
are  4  turrett  Wyndowes,  conteyning  &  holding  the 
pictures  of  Sl  Iohn  Baptist  and  our  blessed  Lady  &  others, 
&  finely  sett  out  in  couloured  glasse. 

4.  (f.  i8b)  The  4  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Andrew,  &  Mary 
Magdelene,  wth  a  like  wyndow  &  lights,  conteyning  on 
the  one  syde,  the  picture  of  Sl  Andrew,  with  his  crosse  oil 
his  bodie,  and  these  words  oil  his  head,  S'cus  Andreas,  on 
the  other  side,  Mary  Magdelene  wth  s'ca  Maria  Magdelena 
oil  her  head,  &  the  storie  of  her  kneeling  at  her  prayers, 
brought  before  the  king  and  iudged  to  die,*  &  some  pt 
of  the  storie  of  Xpt  annoynting  &  visiting  the  sicke,  & 
aboue  all  4  turrett  wyndowes,  &  the  pictures  of  4  doctors  of 
the  Church,  Sl  Augustine,  Hierome,  Ambrose,  &  Gregorie, 
in  fyne  couloured  glasse. 

(101)  1.  On  the  north  syde  of  Sl  Cuth :  &  Sl  Bedes  altar, 
was  the  altar  of  saint  Martin,  and  saint  Edmond,*  hauing 
like  wyndow,  and  ligts,  conteyning  the  picture  of  Sl  Martin 
in  his  blew  vestm1,  &  his  myter  on  his  head,  a  staffe  in 
his  hand  and  a  crosse  on  the  topp,  &  these  wordes  ouer 
him,  S'cus  Martinus  Archep'us,  &  vnder  him  the  draught 
of  Bishop  Skerlawes  armes  holden  vp  with  2  aungells,  & 
fadowmed"  &  coiled  with  the  third,  &  the  storie  of  Sr 
Martin  &  certaine  armes  drawen  therein,  especiallie  the 
picture  of  a  wicked  spirite  in  the  likenesse  of  a  womam  [sic] 


1'IIK    NINE    ALTARS.  121 

who  had  gotten   into  the  chamber  of  S1   Martin  (Edmond  MS.  Rawl. 

interlined,   and    so    H.   44),    intending   to  tempt   that  holie 

man,   (to   leeherie,    interlined)  &    his  contempt  of  the  sin, 

was  sin  of  leeherie,  [sic]  who  by  the  prayers  <S:  deuotion  of 

that  holv  man  &  his  contempt  of  the  sin,  was  soe  abhorred 

and   detested,   that  he  with  a  rod  did  switch  &  beate  her 

forth  o(  the   bed,  &  the  picture  of  Sl   Edmond   in   his   red 

episcopal!  attire,  with  a  staffe  hauing  a  erosse  on  the  top, 

in  his  hand,  <S:  these  words  oti  him,  S'cus  Kdmudus  ep'us, 

with  diuers  &  sundrie  armes  of  men,  both  aboue  in  little 

turret  wvndowes,   &   below,   &  the  picture  of  B.  Skeirlaw 

with  the  picture  of  2  angells  on  eother  syde,   vnderneeth 

Sl   Edmund    B.    with  4  turrett  wyndowes  conteyning  the 

armes  of  diuers  noblemen  pfectly  drawen  in  the  breasts  of 

4  angells. 

2.  The  2  was  the  altar  of  saint  peter  &  saint  paule, 
hauing  like  wyndow  &  lights,  conteyning  the  picture  of 
Sl  peter  with  the  erosse  keyes  in  his  hand,  &  vnderneath 
his  beheading,'  &  pt  of  his  myracles  shewing  his  danger  of 
drowning  walking  walking  [sic]  towards  Xpt  on  the  sea, 
vntill  Xpt  helped  hi,  &  tooke  hi  by  the  hand,  wth  yc  picture 
oi  4  armes  in  the  little  paines  vnderneath  the  middle  stone- 
worke,  And  the  picture  of  saint  paule  psecuting  the  Church 
of  Damascus,  &  therefore  stricke  blind,  &  after,  became  an 
ap'le  vpon  the  appearing  of  Xpt  vnto  hi,  hauing  written 
vpon  his  breast,  Saule,  Saule,  quid  tu  me  psequeris,  & 
after  brought  before  thee  emperour  was  beheaded,  &  aboue 
all  4  little  towre  wyndowes  wth  4  fvne  pictures  fvnely 
sett  out  in  [sic]  couloured  glasse,  that  is  to  saie,  of  saint 
Ceadda,  saint  Cuthbert,  saint  Aydaine,  and  another  Bishop 
Which  is  unknowen,  &  a  little  wyndow  aboue  all  with  ye 
picture  of  god  almighty. 

3.  (f.  19)  The  3  was  the  altar  of  Sl  Aydaine,  with 
like  wyndow  <\:  lights,  with  the  picture  of  S'  Aydaine  in 
his  episcopall  attyre,  wth  his  crosier  staffe  in  his  hand, 
whose  soule  after  his  death  is  departed  [in  his  hand  and  his 
Soul  carried  to  Heaven  by  two  Angells*  in  a  Sheete  with 
part  oi'  the  Storie  of  Christ,  C.  ;  reported,  II.  44]  to 
be   carved   vp  in  a  sheete   into  heauen   by   2  angells,  with 


122  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Rawl.,  pCell  of  the  story  of  Xpt,  &  the  picture  of  a  king  &  2  other 
saints,  &  the  picture  of  Sl  Elinor*  [Sl  Ellinor  in  a  blew 
habit  being  a  Prioresse  with  the  Story  of  religious  women 
of  her  order  going  to  her  Chappell,  C.  ;  Helena,  H.  44]  in 
her  blew  habitt  being  a  prioresse,  conteyning  the  story 
[soverainty,  H.  44]  of  the  religious  women  of  her  order, 
resorting  to  there  Churche  &  the  picture  of  our  Ladie 
&  the  angell  Gabriell  appearing  to  her,  &  the  (102)  holy 
Ghost  ouershadowing  her,  the  lilly  springing  forth  of  the 
lillie  pott,  and  vnderneath  the  middle  stoneworke  are  the 
pictures  of  angells  in  4  little  wyndowes,  &  aboue  all  are 
4  towre  wyndowes  with  the  pictures  of  4  ap'les,  and  thee 
picture  of  God  almightie  all  in  another  wyndow,  in 
couloured  glasse,  with  our  sauiour  Christ  in  her*  [his, 
H.  44]  armes. 

4.  The  4  altar,  was  the  altar  of  the  archangell  Sl 
Michaell,  with  like  window  &  lights,  conteyning  the 
pictures  of  8  seuerall  orders*  of  angells,  in  8  seuall 
pictures,  vijj  one  angell  pictured  &  vnder  hi  written 
Cherubines  &  seraphines,  another,  &  vnder  him,  Arch- 
angeli,  another,  &  under  hi,  Angeli,  another,  &  vnder 
him,  principatus,  another,  &  vnder  him,  dominac'oes, 
another,  &  vner  [sic]  him  potestates. 

And  aboue  all  in  4  turrett  windowes  the  pictures  of  4 
Archangells,  winged  with  the  wheele  vnder  there  feet,  & 
there  names  written  in  there  winges,  and  aboue  all  in  a 
little  towre  window,  in  the  middest  of  it,  is  the  picture  of 
god  Almighty. 

ffinis. 

ffinis  de  histories  of  the  glasse  windowes  in  the  Cathe- 
drall  Church  of  Duresme. 

MS.  Cosin.  (ioi)     II.     De  aduentu    Regis   Henr:  6  ad   Eccl'iam 
b.  11. 2,    v  r*        1 

1660,  P.  112.  Dunelm. 

Illustrissimus  benignissimus  graciosissimus  et  o'ibus 
eum  intuentibp  amabilis.  Rex  noster  Henricus  sextus  post 
conquestuin  visitauit  Tumbam  S'ti  Cuthberti  pontificis  in 
Dunelmo.  causa  peregrinac'ois  Anno  Domini  1448.*  An'o 
papatus  D'ni  Nicholai  5li  20  A0  Regni  Regis  ejusdem 
Henrici     260     A°     agtatis     ejusdem     vicesimo    71110     An'o 


LETTER    OF    KING    HENRY    VI.  1 23 

pontificatus  Domini  Roberti  Xeuill  Dunel'  Ep'i  undecimoMS.  Cosin, 

I!     I  I     1 

et  An"  prioratus  Dm'  Mgn  Willmi  Ebchester  sacrae  ",(,,„',."" 
paginae  professoris  in  Theologia  socundo.  litera  dominicalis 
F.  C.  \j"  Kal :  octobris.*  et  mansit  in  Castello  Domini  Ep'i 
in  Dunelmo  usq'  in  ultimum  diem  ejusdem  mensis,  hoc 
est  pridie  Kail :  octobris  in  ffesto  S'ti  Jeronimi  presbyteri, 
et  in  Hie  Dominica,  in  die  S'ti  Miehaelis  Arcangeli  in 
propria  persona  erat.  in  primis  vesperis,  in  processione,  in 
Missa,  in  Secundis  Vesperis. 

Litera   D'ni   Regis    Henrici    sexti    Mag'ro  Joh'i      p-  "3- 
Somerset   missa   Anno    D'ni    1448. 
De  premissis. 

Right  trusty  and  well  beloved.  Wee  greet  you  hartly  well 
letting  you  witt,  that  Blessed  be  oil  Lord  God  we  have 
been  right  merry  in  oil  pilgramage.  considering  iij  Causes, 
one  is  how  that  the  Church  of  yc  province  of  Yorke  & 
diocesse  of  Durham  be  as  nobill  in  doing  of  Divine  Service 
in  multitude  of  Minists  and  in  sumptuous  &  glorious 
buildinge,  as  anie  in  our  Realme.  And  alsoe  how  our 
Lord  has  radicate  in  the  people  his  faith  and  his  Law.  and 
yl  they  be  as  Catholicke  people  as  ever  wee  came  amonge 
and  all  good  and  holy,  that  wee  dare  say,  ye  i  Comandem1 
may  bee  verified  right  well  in  them.  Diligunt  Dominii 
Deum  ipsorum  ex  totis  animis  suis.  et  tota  mente 
sua.  Alsoe  they  have  done  unto  us  all  great  hertly 
Reverence  and  Worshipp.  as  ever  we  had,  with  all  great 
humanity  and  meekness,  with  all  Celestiall.  blessed  and 
honoble  speech  and  blessinge  as  it  can  be  thought  and 
imagined,  and  all  good  and  better  than  wee  had  ever 
in  ou  Life,  eaven  as  they  had  beene  celitus  inspirati. 
Wherefore  we  dare  well  (104)  say,  it  may  be  verified  in 
them  ye  holy  sayinge  of  y  prince  of  yc  Apostles.  S:  Peter 
when  he  sayeth.  Deum  timete.  Regem  honorificate. 
Qui  timent  Dominum  et  Regem  honorificant  cum 
debita  Reuerentia.  Wherefore  ye  Blessing  y<  God 
gave  to  Abraham  Isack  and  Jacob  descend  upon  them  all. 
&c.  Wryten  in  our  Citty  of  Lincolne,  in  crastino  St" 
(sic)  Lucas  Luangelista:  1448. 

ffinis. 


124  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

(105)  III.  Inscriptions  beneath  the  Figures*  of 
such  Monks  of  the  Benedictine  Order  as  were 
painted  upon  the  screen  work  of  the  altar 
of  Saint  Jerome  and  Saint  Benedict,  in  Dur- 
ham Cathedral.1 

ms.  Keel.      Quia     de     ortu     sacrosanctas     religionis     Monachorum 
Duneim    pleriscjue    vertitur    in    dubium,     asserentibus    quibusdam, 

B.  in.  30.  minus  sane  sapientibus,  prefatam  religionem  per  Sanctum 
Benedictum  habuisse  exordium,  et  sic  quasdam  picturas  et 
scripturas  ymaginum  ad  altare  Sanctorum  Jeromini  et 
Benedicti  in  ecclesia  Dunelmensi  non  esse  veras  ;  asserunt 
etiam  sic  opinantes  ordinem  Canonichorum  Regularium, 
quern  allegant  a  beato  Augustino  habuisse  exordium, 
ordinem  praecessisse  Monachorum,  sicut  dictus  Sanctus 
Augustinus  erat  ante  Sanctum  Benedictum  per  spacium 
annorum  {blank  in  MS.)  nee  ante  ejus  tempora  extitisse, 
ut  hiis  erroribus  contraveniatur  et  Veritas  clarius  elucescat, 
ex  sententiis  diversorum  Sanctorum  et  Doctorum,  prout 
inferius  continetur,  liquebit,  quid  de  ejusdem  inchoacione 

et  felici  successu  est  indubie  sentiendum 

fo.  5.  Nunc  superest,  veritate  duce,  ostendere  picturam 
ymaginum  prefatarum  veram  esse,  et  plurimorum 
auctorum  fideli  testimonio  confirmatam 

fo.  2081;.  scripture  sub  imaginibus   monachorum   ad   altare 
Sanctorum  Jeronimi  et  Benedicti  in  Ecclesia 
Dunelmensi. 

fo.  4,  marg.  Nomina  sanctorum  subscribuntur  monachorum, 

Sub  normis  quorum  plures  vixere  virorum. 
Sancti  monstrantur,  ac  scriptis  intitulantur, 
Celo  letantur,  hiis  plures  sanctificantur. 

fo.  6.  Nomina  Paparum. 

In  Supremo  Gradu  Superioris  Tabul/E. 
Sanctus  Gregorius.     Primus  ex  parte  boriali. 


1  Extracted  from  Prior  Wessington's  Treatise  "  De  Origine  Monachatus 
cum  aliis  de  Statu  Monachali."  MS.  Eccles.  Cath.  Duneim.,  B.  III.  30. 
We  do  not  know  exactly  when  this  compilation  was  made.  Wessington 
was  Prior  1416— 1446.  He  was  engaged  on  books  of  muniments,  etc.,  in 
1407 — 9.     Rolls,  138,  223,  436. 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  125 

(106)  Sanctus  Dionisius,  ex  monacho  in  Papam  conse-  MS-  Ecc,« 

r>    •  j       >■  Calh- 

cratUS.      I  rim  us  ex  parte  australt,  Dunelm. 

B.  III.  30. 
Sanctus  Deodatus,  ex  monacho  Papafactus.   Secundus 

ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Gregorius  VII.   prius  dictus   Hildebrandus, 

Prior  Cluniacensis.     Secundus  ex  parte  australt. 

Eugenics  tercius,  Abbas  Sancti  Anastasii,  postea  in 
Papam  creatus.     Tertius  ex  parte  boriali. 

Adriancs  quartus,  natione  Anglus,  monachus  Monas- 
terii  Sancti  Ruphi.      Tertius  ex  parte  austra/i. 

CELESTINUS  qcintcs,  monachus  et  heremita.      Quartus  fo.  Gv. 
ex  parte  boriali. 

Urbanus    quintus,    Abbas    Sancti    Victoris    Marsilia?. 
Quartus  ex  parte  australt. 

Nomina  Imperatorum. 

Lotarius  Imperator  Romanorum,  monachus.     Quin- 
tus ex  parte  boriali. 

Michael    Imperator    Constantinopolitanus,    mona- 
chus.    Quintus  ex  parte  australt. 

In  medio  gradu  superioris  tabulae. 
Nomina  Regum. 

Josaphat    Rex    Indorum,    per    Barlaam    conversus*  et 
monachus  factus.     Primus  ex  parte  boriali. 

KAROLOM ANNUS      Rex      FRANCORUM,     in     monachum  fo.  7. 
attonsus.     Primus  ex  parte  australt. 

Coenredus    Rex    Merciorcm,    monachus.       Secundus 
ex  parte  boriali. 

Ethelredus  Rex  Merciorcm,  in  monasterio  de  Bard- 
nay  monachus  factus.      Secundus  ex  parte  australt. 

OPFA  Rex  Orientalicm  Saxon  cm,  monachus.    Tertius 
ex  parte  boriali. 

(107)  Sebba    Rex    Orientalicm   Saxonum,    monachus. 
Tertius  ex  parte  a  us t rati. 


126  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Ecci.     Sigbertus,    Rex   Orientalium   Saxonum,    monachus. 
Dunelm.    Quart  us  ex  parte  boriali. 

B.  III.  30. 

to.  jv.  Leowlphus  Rex  Northanhimbrorum,  monachus,  ad 
quern  Beda  Historiam  Anglorum  scripsit.  Plures  res  et 
villas  Monasterio  Lindisfarnensi  contulit.  Tandem,  relicto 
regno,  monachus  ibidem  effectus,  post  gloriosae  vitas 
cursum  in  eodem  est  sepultus.  Cujus  caput,  decursis 
multorum  annorum  curriculis,  ad  Dunelmum  translatum, 
cum  aliis  Sanctorum  reliquiis  in  ecclesia  Sancti  Cuthberti, 
quern  semper  amaverat,  est  locatum.  Ex  Li0.*  de  Funda- 
cione  Ecclesias  Dunelmensis,  sub  anno  gratiag  738. 
Quart  us  ex  parte  aus trait. 

Eraclius  Rex  Bulgarorum,  monachus.  Quintus  ex 
parte  boriali. 

Rachis  Rex  Longobardorum,  monachus.  Quintus 
ex  parte  australi. 

In  inferiori  gradu  superioris  tabula. 
Nomina  Patriarcharum. 

Sanctus  Athanasius,  Egiptiorum  sacratissima  lux, 
Alexandrinus  patriarcha,  et  monachus. 

fo.  8.      Sanctus    Johannes     Crisostomus,    patriarcha     Con- 
stantinopolitanus,  et  monachus.     Primus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Theophanius,  monachus,  Patriarcha  Antiochenus. 
Pri?Jius  ex  parte  australi. 

Nomina  Archiepiscoporum. 

Sanctus  Martinus,  primo  miles,  monachus.  Secundus 
ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Basilius,  Archiepiscopus  Capadocise,  mona- 
chus.    Tertius  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Bonifacius  monachus,  natione  Anglicus,  in 
Archiepiscopum  Maguntinensem  ordinatus.  Secundus  ex 
parte  australi. 

to.  Sv.      Sanctus     Augustinus     monachus    et    Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis.     Tertius  ex  parte  boriali. 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  1 27 

(10S)     Rabanus    monachus   et    Abbas    Puldensis,    postea  MS.  Eccl. 
Magunciae  Archiepiscopus.     Tertius  ex  parte  australi.  Duneim. 

B.  III.  30. 
Sanctus    Duxstanus    monachus.       Quartus   ex  parte 

australi. 

SANCTUS  THEODORUS  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Can- 
luaiiensis,  Sanctum  Cuthbcrtum  apud  Eboracum  in 
presencia  Regis  Egfridi  et  septem  episcoporum  in 
episcopum  Lindisfarnensem  consecravit.  Quint  us  ex 
parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  LANFRANCUS,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis.      Quintus  ex  parte  australi. 

SANCTUS  ANSELMUS,  doctor  et  Abbas  Beccensis,  Archi- 
episcopus Cantuariensis.     Sextus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus     Leander,     Archiepiscopus     Hispalensis     et  f°-  9- 
monachus.     Sextus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Honoratus  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Arela- 
tensis.     Septimus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Hillarius  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Arela- 
tensis.      Octavus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Odo,  Archiepiscopus  Cantuariensis,  monachus. 
Septimus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Elphegus,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Cantua-  fo.  qv. 
riensis.      Octavus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Paulinus,  monachus,  Eboracensis  Archiepis- 
copus.     Primus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  LAURENCIUS,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis.     Primus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Justus,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Eboracen- 
sis.     Tertius  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctis  MELLITUS,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Cantua- 
riensis.     Secundus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Wilfridus,  monachus  Lindisfarnensis,  postea  fo.  10. 
Abbas     Rypensis,    deinde    Archiepiscopus    Eboracensis. 
Sedem  (109)  episcopalem  Haugustaldensem  et  monasterium 


128  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Eccl.  Selesey  fundavit.     Vectam  insulam  et  gentem  Australium 

Duneim.    Saxonum  ad  fidem  convertit.     Cum  Scotis  in  sinodo  apud 

B.  III.  ,io.  Qwytbv,     coram    Oswyn    Rege,    de    observatione    termini 

Paschalis    disputavit   et    vicit,    et    apud    Rypun    sepultus 

quiescit.      Beda  de  Gestis  Anglorum.      L.  5.   C.    19.  sub 

anno  Gratia?,  629.     Secundus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Oswaldus,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Ebora- 
censis.     Tertius  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Honorius,  monachus,  collega  Sancti  Augus- 
tini,  Cantuariensis  Archiepiscopus.  Quartus  ex  parte 
boriali. 

fo.  I07-.      Sanctus     Hildefonsus,     Abbas     Agaliensis,     postea 
Archiepiscopus  Tholetanus.      Quintus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Ausbertus,  monachus,  Rothomagensis 
Archiepiscopus.     Decimus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Austregesilus,  Archiepiscopus  Bituricensis. 
Undecimus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Sanctus  Sulpicius,  monachus,  Bituricensis  Archi- 
episcopus.    Duodecimus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Thurstinus,  sine  subjectione  canonica  Cantuariensi 
Archiepiscopo  facta,  in  Archiepiscopum  Eboracensem 
ordinatus,  Monasterii  quod  Fontes  dicitur,  aliorumque 
octo  fundator  fuit  eximius.  Cujus  exhortacionibus  et 
monicionibus  David  Rex  Scotiae  per  barones  Eboracencis 
provincial,  apud  Moram  de  Alverton,  commisso  gravi 
praelio,  cum  suo  exercitu  est  devictus,  et  tandem  apud 
oppidum  quod  Pons  Fractus  dicitur,  monachico  habitu  est 
indutus,"  ubi  et  quiescit  sepultus.  Ex  Policronica,*  L.  7. 
C.  15  &  18.  sub  anno  Gratia?,  1141.  Quartus  ex  parte 
australi. 

Sanctus  Cuthbertus,  monachus,  undecimus  Cantuaria? 
Archiepiscopus.      Quintus  ex  parte  boriali. 

to.  11.      Sanctus  Bregwinus,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Can- 
tuariensis.    Sextus  ex  parte  boriali. 

Bartholomeus,  Lugdunensis  Archiepiscopus,  mona- 
chus.    JVonus  ex  parte  boriali. 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  1 29 

(no)  SANCTUS  David,  vulgo  Davy,  Archiepiscopus  MS,- Eccl- 
Urbis  Legionum,  147  antatis  sua?  anno  celestia  regna  Dunel'm. 
petivit.     Nonus  ex  parte  australi.  b.  in.  30. 

Sanctis  MAGLORIUS,  Archiepiscopus  Dolensis,  mona- 
chus.     Uhdectmus  ex  parte  australi. 

SANCTUS  Malachias,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Arma- fo.  uv. 
chanus.     Duodecimus  ex  parte  australi. 

SANCTUS  Sampson,  monachus,  Archiepiscopus  Dolensis. 
Decimus  ex  parte  australi. 

Sanctus  Eucherius,  monachus,  et  Archiepiscopus  Lug- 
dun  e  n  s  i  s .     Sex t us  ex  pa  rte  a  ustra  ti. l 

Nomina  Episcoporum. 

Sanctus  Herculianus,  in  episcopum  Perusinum 
electus. 

Sanctus  Eutropius,  ecclesias  Valentinae  episcopus.         fo.  12. 

Sanctus  Helenus,  monachus,  episcopus  Heliopoleos. 

Sanctus  Cedd,  monachus  Lindisfarnensis  Monasterii, 
unus  ex  discipulis  Sancti  Aydani,  et  germanus  Sancti 
Ceddas,  Lichefeldensis  episcopi,  a  Finano  episcopo  Lindis- 
farnensi  in  episcopum  ordinatus,  gentem  Orientalium 
Saxonum  et  Swythelmum  regem  Orientalium  Anglorum 
cum  suo  populo  ad  fidem  convertit.  Monasterium  de 
Lestingaeu  ex  donacione  et  concessione  Ethelwaldi  regis 
Northumbrian  filii  Sancti  Oswaldi  fundavit,  et  religiosis 
moribus,  juxta  ritus  ubi  educatus  fuerat,  instruit.  Regem 
Orientalium  Saxonum  Sigibertum,  pro  eo  quod  contra 
prohibicionem  suam  in  domo  cujusdam  comitis  per  eundem 
episcopum  excommunicati  epulaturus  intravit,  in  eadem 
domo  per  dictum  comitem  occidendum  fore  predixit.  Beda 
de  Gestis  Anglorum,  li°  3.  cais  22  &  28.  Floruit  anno 
Gratias  706. 

Sanctus  Germanus,   monachus,   Autisiodorensis  epis- fo.  izv. 
copus. 

1   This  is  the  last  entry  of  the  situation  of  a  picture. 


I -JO  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 


.ms.  Eccl.      Sanctus  Johannes,   Gerundensis  Episcopus  et  mona- 

Cath"      chus 
Dunelm.    cnus< 

'  3°"      Sanctus  Martinus,  monachus,  Dumiensis  sanctissimus 

pontifex. 

fo.  13-  (in)     Sanctus  Theodulphus,  Abbas  Floriacensis,  deinde 
Episcopus  Aurelianensis. 

Sanctus  Ethelwoldus,  primo  monachus  Glastoniae, 
postea  Abbas  Abendonias,  deinde  episcopus  Wintoniensis, 
a  beato  Dunstano  consecratus,  co-operantibus  regibus 
Edredo  et  Edgaro.  Sex  monasteria  monachorum  fundavit 
et  reparavit,  videlicet  Abendoniae,  Hely,  Thorney,  Burgh, 
Nota  hie.  et  duo  in  civitate  Wintonias.  Hie  semel  ad  Dunelmum 
est  profectus,  ubi,  quod  magna?  videbatur  audacias, 
revulso  sepulcri  operculo,  cum  Sancto  Cuthberto  quasi 
cum  amico  loquebatur,  munusque  amoris  deposuit*  et  abiit, 
et  Wintonias  sepultus  quiescit,  ubi  meritis  ejus  multa 
miracula  usque  in  hodiernum  diem  operari  dignatus  est 
Deus.  Ex  Historia  Aurea,*  cais  55,  56,  57,  sub  anno 
Gratias  960. 

Sanctus  Franciscus,  Terraconensis  episcopus  et  mo- 
nachus. 
fo.  137'.      Sanctus  Lambertus,   monachus,  Trajectensis  ecclesias 
episcopus. 

Sanctus    Faustus,     Abbas    Lirinensis,    episcopus    in 
Gallia. 

Sanctus  Ercomwaldus,  Londoniensis  episcopus. 

fo.  14.      Sanctus  Audomarus,  monachus,  Episcopus  Tavernen- 
sis. 

Sanctus  Fronto,  monachus,  Petragoricensis  episcopus. 

Sanctus  Wlstanus,  monachus,  episcopus  Wigornien- 
sis. 

fo.  14?'.      Sanctus  Petronius,  Bononiensis  Ytaliae  episcopus. 

Sanctus     Aldelmus,     monachus,     episcopus      Shyre- 
burnensis. 

Sanctus    Serapion,    monachus,    decern    millium    mon- 
achorum pater,  Tymensis  episcopus.* 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  1 3 1 

Sanctus   FuLGENTIUS,    monachus,    Ruspcnsis  ecclesiae  MS.  Eccl. 

1  C  .till. 

epiSCOpuS.  Dunelm. 

B.   III.  30. 

Sanctus  HERACLIDES,  monachus,  etepiscopus  Bithiniae.     fo.  15. 

Sanctis  Eata,  uiuis  dc  xij  pueris  Sancti  Aydani,  quos 
ah  initio  dc  natione  Anglorum  suscepit  et  educavit,  postca 
monachus  ct  abbas  Mailrosensis  et  Lindisfarnensis  fact  us, 
Sanctum  (112)  Cuthhcrtum  in  monachum  creavit,  ac 
prepositum  sive  priorem,  primo  Mailrosensem,  post 
Lindisfarnensem  fecit.  Monasterium  monachorum  in 
Ripon,  dato  loco  ah  Alfrido  rege,  fundavit,  uhi  Sanctus 
Cuthbertus  Angelum  Dei  hospicio  suscepit.  Deinde  per 
Theodorum  Magnum  Cantuariensem  archiepiscopum 
ordinatus  episcopus  regimen  Haugustaldensis  et  Lindis- 
farnensis ecclesiarum,  duarum  videlicet  sedium,  aliquamdiu 
accepit,  et  tandem  apud  Hexham  obiit  :  quern  intra 
ecclesiam,  in  scrinio  honore  condigno,  Alfred  Alius 
Westou,  presbiter  Dunelmensis,  collocavit.  Beda  de 
gestis  Anglorum.  Et  ex  vita  ejusdem,*  sub  anno  Gratiae 
678. 

Sanctus  Cuthbertus,  patronus  ecclesiam,  civitatis,  et 
libertatis  Dunelmensis,  nacione  Hibernicus,  regiis  paren- 
tibus  ortus,  nutu  Dei  Angliam  perductus  et  apud  Mailros 
monachus  est  effectus,  deinde  in  ecclesiam  Lindisfarnensem  fo.  152-. 
per  Abbatem  suum  Eatam  translatus,  postea  vitam 
anachoreticam  in  insula  Fame  ducebat  solus.  Demum 
per  Egfridum  regem  et  Theodorum  archiepiscopum 
Cantuariensem,  in  plena  sinodo,  in  episcopum  Lindisfar- 
nensem eligitur,  et  a  septem  episcopis  Eboraci  consecratur. 
Cujus  corpus  per  Aldunum  episcopum  Dunelmiam 
translatum,  ibidem  post  418  deposicionis  suae  annos 
incorruptum  et  flexibile,  dormienti  quam  mortuo  similius 
est  inventum.  Beda  de  Gestis  Anglorum  libro  4to,  cais  25, 
26,  27,  28,  29,  30,  31  (27-32).  Et  ex  Libro*  de  Exordio  et 
Progressu  ecclesiam  Lindisfarnensis  simul  et  Dunelmensis. 
Floruit  anno  Gratia?  680. 

Sanctus  Gkrmanus,  monachus,  episcopus  Parisiensis. 

Sanctus  EGWINUS,  monachus,  YVigornia}  episcopus. 


I32  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

i\is.  Eccl.      Sanctus    Maurelius,    monachus,    Andegavensis   epis- 

Cath. 
Dunelm.     COpus. 
B.  III.  30-        ~  ,0 

to.  16.         Sanctus  Moises,  monachus,  Saracenorum  episcopus. 

Sanctus  Lupus,  monachus,  Trecasinas  urbis  episcopus. 

Sanctus  Amandus,  monachus,  Trajectensis  episcopus. 

fo.  i6?-.      Sanctus  Jacobus,  cognomine  Sapiens,  Nizibenas,  quae 
et  Antiochia,  Persarum  civitatis,  episcopus. 

Sanctus  Brithwoldus,  monachus,  Wintoniensis  epis- 
copus. 

Sanctus  Eadbertus  monachus,  et  septimus  episcopus 
(113)  Lindisfarnensis,  vir  sciencia  scripturarum  divinarum 
simul  et  preceptorum  caelestium  observantia,  ac  maxime 
elemosinarum  operacione  insignis,  saepius  per  intervalla 
temporum  in  aliqua  insularum  Domino  solitarius  militavit, 
fo.  17.  in  quibus  predecessor  ejus  Cuthbertus  aliquamdiu  morari 
consuevit,  corpusque  Sancti  Cuthberti  post  undecim 
sepulturae  suae  annos  cum  pannis  et  vestimentis,  quibus 
fuerat  involutum  intemeratis  incorruptum  et  flexibile 
inventum  de  terra  levavit  novaque  in  theca  recondidit  ; 
corpusque  ejusdem,  juxta  quod  vivens  petierat,  in  sepulcro 
Sancti  Cuthberti  positum  fuit,  sed  modo  ejus  ossa  in  thecis 
extra  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  ut  sanctae  reliquiae  sunt 
servata.      Beda  de  Gestis  Anglorum.     li°  4,  ca°  29  (27). 

Sanctus    Kentegernus,    qui    et    Mungo,    monachus, 
Episcopus  Glascuensis. 

Sanctus  Epiphanius,  monachus,  Cypri  Salaminas  epis- 
copus. 

fo.  ijv.  Sanctus  Aidanus,  natione  Scotus,  monasterii  de  Hii, 
vir  eximiae  sanctitatis,  a  sancto  Oswaldo  rege  vocatus, 
primus  Lindisfarnensis  fuit  episcopus,  sedemque  epis- 
copalem  simul  et  monachorum  congregacionem,  jubente 
rege  prefato,  anno  gratiae  635,  ibidem  instituit,  ac  gentem 
Berniciorum,  suffragante  et  co-operante  eodem  rege,  ad 
fidem  convertit.  Cujus  doctrinam  id  maxime  commendabat 
quod  non  aliter  quam  vivebat  cum  suis  ipse  docebat. 
Nihil  enim  ex  omnibus,  quae  ex  propheticis  evangeliis  et 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    PIGURES.  133 


apostolicis  Uteris  facienda  cognovit,  praetermisit.     Ex  hac  Als-  'ii1- 
eciam    ecclesia   omnes  ecclesiae   et    monasteria   provinciae   Duneim. 
Berniciorum  sumpserunt  originem.      Demum,  peractis  in  B.  ill.  30. 
episcopatu    17  annis,  obiit  ;  cujus  animam  Sanctus  Cuth- 
bertus,    conversacionis    angelica?    juvenis     egregius,    ab 
angelis    in    ccelum    deferri    conspcxit.       Beda   de    Gcstis 
Anglorum,  sub  anno  Gratiae  supradicto. 

Sanctis    Gregorius     Nazanzenus    {sic),     episcopus, 
monachus. 

Sanctus  Albinus,  monachus,  episcopus  Andegavensis. 

Sanctus  Cedda,  monachus,  episcopus  Lichefeldensis.      Jo.  18. 

Sanctis  Vigor,  monachus,  Baiocensis  episcopus. 

Sanctis  Finanus,  natione  Scotus,  et  monachus  de 
insula  Hii,  secundus  episcopus  Lindisfarnensis,  ibidem 
ecclesiam  sedi  episcopali  congruam  edilicavit,  quam  postea 
Theodorus  magnus,  (114)  Archiepiscopus  Cantuariensis, 
in  honore  beati  Petri  dedicavit.  Mediterraneorum 
Anglorum  regem  Peadam  in  provincia  Northanhimbrorum 
baptisavit,  et  quatuor  monachos  suos,  videlicet  Cedd, 
Adda,  Betti  et  Dymna,  qui  erudicione  et  vita  videbantur 
ydonei,  ut  ejus  genti  predicarent,  de  ecclesia  sua  cum  eo 
direxit  ;  postea  Sigbertum  regem  Orientalium  Saxonum 
lavacro  baptismi  perfudit,  et  predictum  Cedd  monachum  fo.  iSz*. 
suum  eidem  regno  in  episcopum  ordinavit,  ubi  et  duo 
monasteria  construxit.  Beda  de  Gestis  Anglorum,  li°  30, 
cais  17,  21,  22,  sub  anno  Gratiae  652. 

Sanctis  Leodegarius,  monachus,  Episcopus  Eduensis. 

Nomina  Abbatum. 

Sanctus  Leonardus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctis   KARILEPHUS  in  Arvernensi  territorio  elarissi- 
mis  parentibus  ortus,  postea  in  monasterio  Casagaia  juxta 

urbem  Cenomanieam,  quod  ipse  fundavit,  monachus  et 
Abbas  effectus,  regem  Francie  Hildebertum  ej  usque 
familiam  de  quodam  vase  parvulo  semel  vino  impleto  sed 
meritis  ejusdem  Sancti  semper  exuberante  habundantissime 


134  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Eccl.  refccit.       Reginam     Francie    eum    visitare    affectans    non 

Dunelm.    permisit,  sed  insuper  ingressum  mulierum  ab  ecclesia  sua 

B.  III.  30.  imperpetuum  interdixit.1      Unde  mulier  quedam  veste  virili 

induta  ejus  ecclesiam  ausu  temerario  ingressa,  continuo  est 

cecata.      Ex  historia  aurea  sub  anno  gracie  512,  ca°  62. 

fo.  19.      Sanctus  Wandragesilus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Johannes,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Arsenius,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Joseph,  monachus  et  abbas. 
fo.  19W.      Sanctus  Pafnucius,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Pambo,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Ysidorus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Ammonius,  monachus  et  abbas. 
fo.  20.      Sanctus  Macharius,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Egidius,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Pachomius,  monachus  et  abbas, 
fo.  201;.      Sanctus  Johannes  Cassianus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Euagrius,  monachus  et  abbas. 
(115)     Sanctus  Antonius,  monachus  et  abbas, 
fo.  21.      Sanctus  Maurus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus   Johannes,   archicantor  ecclesiam  Sancti  Petri 
Romae,  Abbas. 
Sanctus  Alquinus,  qui  et  Albinus,  abbas, 
fo.  2iw.      Sanctus  Theonas,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Benedictus  Biscopp,  abbas,  et  nutricius 
Bedae  presbiteri,  ministerque  Regis  Oswini,  patriam 
relinquens  in  insula  Lyrinensi  in  monachum  attonsus  est. 
Inde,  Romam  veniens,  Theodorum  Cantuariensem  archi- 
episcopum  et  Adrianum  ejusdem  collegam  Britannias 
adduxit,  ac  monasterium  Sancti  Petri  Cantuarias  regendum 
suscepit.  Postea  duo  monasteria,  quorum  unum,  70 
familiarum,  in  honore  Sancti  Petri,  ad  ostium  Wiri 
fluminis,    quod    nunc    Wermouth-monachorum  dicitur,   et 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    PIGURES.  l.^.S 

aliud,  40  familiarum,  in  ripa  Tyny  fluminis,  quod  modo  Ms-  Ecci. 
[arowe  nuncupatur,  construxit,  qutbus  utrisque  abbatis  Duneim. 
jure  praefuit.  Usque  quinquies  Romam  visitavit,  libros  et  "•  ni-3o- 
reliquias  sanctorum  ad   monasteria  sua  revexit,  et  artem 

vitriariam    primus   ad    partes   suas   attulit.       Beda,   ex   vita 
ejusdem*  sub  anno  Gratiae  676. 

Sanctus  Dionisius,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Johannes,  monachus  et  abbas.  fo.  22. 

Sanctis  ADRIANUS,  abbas. 

Sanctus  Columbanus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Stephanus,  abbas.  fo.  :-•.-. 

Sanctus  Brendanus,  abbas. 

Sanctus  Columba,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Eugippus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Adampnanus,  monachus  et  abbas.  fo-  23- 

Sanctis  Danvell,  monachus  et  abbas. 

Sanctus  Theodorus,  monachus  et  abbas. 

(116)  Nomina  Doctorum. 

Sanctis  Didimus  Alexandrinus,  monachus  et  doctor. 

Marianus  Scotus,  doctor.  fo.  23^. 

Oresiesis,  monachus  et  doctor. 

Johannes  Scotus,  monachus  et  doctor. 

GRACIANUS  DE  TUSCIA,  monachus  et  doctor.  fo.  24. 

URSINUS,  monachus  et  doctor. 

Sanctis  SEVERUS,  qui  et  Sulpicius,  monachus  et  doctor. 

VlNCENTIUS  LlRINENSIS,  monachus  et  doctor.  fo.  24*. 

SOPHRONIUS,  monachus  et  doctor. 

C  \ssionoKis,  doctor. 

PAULUS  DIACONUS  CASSINENSIS,  monachus  et  doctor. 

EFFREM,  monachus  et  doctor.  to.  25. 


136  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Eccl.      Venerabilis    Beda,     doctor,    presbiter,    et    monachus, 

Cath.  .  .  ,.  __  ,.  _,, 

Dtineim.  septimo  astatis  suae  anno  traditus  est  Benedicto  Biscopp, 
B.  III.  30.  abbati  monasterii  Giruensis,  quod  nunc  Jarowe  dicitur, 
educandus,  qui,  19  aetatis  sua?  anno,  in  diaconum,  et  30  in 
presbiterum,  a  Sancto  Johanne  Archiepiscopo  Eboracensi 
est  ordinatus,  sicque  cunctum  vitas  tempus  in  eodem 
monasterio  peragens  vitam  Sancti  Cuthberti  conscripsit  et 
omnem  meditandis  et  exponendis  scripturas  (sic)  operam 
dedit.  Libros  edidit  quos  in  fine  Historiae  sua?  Anglicana? 
enumerat,  post  quorum  editionem  ibidem  obiit  ibique 
sepultus  fuit.  Sed  postea  apud  Dunelmum,  primo  cum 
corpore  Sancti  Cuthberti,  deinde  in  Galilea  Dunelmensi  in 
feretro  per  Hugonem  episcopum  constructo,  ejus  ossa  sunt 
translata.  Ex  libro  de  Exordio  et  Progressu  Ecclesias 
Dunelmensis.  Et  ex  libro  ejusdem  de  Gestis  Anglorum, 
lib.  5to,  ca°  25.     Sub  anno  Gratia?  729. 

Helinandus,  monachus  et  doctor. 

fo.  25^.  Sanctus  Boisilus,  monachus  et  prepositus  ecclesia? 
Mailrosensis,  magnarum  virtutum  et  prophetici  spiritus 
sacerdos  (117)  fuit.  Sancto  Cuthberto,  jubente  Abbate 
Eata,  habitum  monachalem  tradidit  ;  cujus  monitis  et 
exemplis  instructus  quod  episcopus  foret  futurus  cognovit. 
Mortem  propriam  et  alia  plurima  predixit.  Beda  de  Gestis 
Anglorum,  li°  4to,  ca°  25  (27).     Floruit  anno  Gratiae  651. 

Sanctus  Paulus,  primus  heremita  et  monachus. 

Sanctus  Neotus,  regis  West  Saxonum  Eldulphi  Alius, 
monachus. 

Sanctus  Guthlacus,  monachus. 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  I37 

(118)     IV.     Scnpturaj    sub     Imaginibus     Regum    MS.  Cosin, 

Ad  ostium  Chori   Ecclesise   Dunelmensis  ex  1660. 

p.  1  j. 
parte   Austral i. 

Octo  Rcges  Totius  Angliae  qui  antiquas  possessiones  et 
libertates  Ecclesiae  Stj  Cuthberti  confirmauerunt  et  plures 
de  nouo  addiderunt. 

Rex   West   Saxonum   Alureds  per  Danes  oppressus  et  [Aluredus 

per  Sanctum    Cuthbertum    in    forma   pauperis  visitatus    et  ' 

confortatus  de  Dan  is  triumphans  Monarcha  est  effectus. 
et  suo  adjutori  St0  Cuthberto  terram  inter  Tesam  et  Tinam 
cum  regalitate  contulit  possidendam. 

Rex    Edwardus    senior    filius    Aluredi    Patri    succedens  [Edwardus 
memor    beneficii   suo    Patri    per  Sl   Cuthbertum    impensi,  senior  Rexi- 
eundem    Sanctum    et    suam    Ecclesiam   multum   honorauit 
et  privilegiavit.  Plurimaq^  dona  Regalia  eid'm  conferebat. 

Rex  Ethelstanus  filius   Edwardi  primi  a  patre  monitus  Ethelstane 
Stm  Cuthbertum  et  ipsius  Eccl'iam  in   pluribus  ditavit,  et      Rex' 
possessiones  per  Danos  ablatas  pro  magna  parte  restituit 
ac   Eccl'iam    Beuerlacensem    in   multis  honorauit  et  priui- 
legiauit. 

Rex    Edmundus  frater   Ethelstani   legem    Cuthberti"    ut  Edmundus 
in  vulgari  Saxon ico  dicitur:  Mid.  ffullon:  Indon  et  Wreck 

et  Witviter.  et  Inner,  et  Sacca  et  Socne,  cum  plenis  legibus 
et  quietudinibus  omni  terra*  S'  Cuthberti  dedit  et  super 
Sepulchrum  ejus  obtulit. 

Rex    Angliae   et   Danamarchia?    Kanutus  ad   corpus   Stj  Kanutus 
Cuthberti    Dunelmum    nudis    pedibus    a    Garmundisway 

venit,  Et  eisq>  servitoribus  Monachis  Staindropam  cum 
appendicijs  donauit  Scottos.  Wandales.  North  wagenses1 
subjugavit,  in  locis  quibus  pugnauit  Ecclesias  fundauit. 

Rex   Will'mus    Conquestor   omnes  terras  et  libertates.     Will'mus 
quas   antiqui    Reges    Anglorum    St,J    Cuthberto    dederunt  CoiuilUs,or- 
ratiticauit     I  Ionedenshire     Episcopo.     et     Hemmingburgh 
Monachis  Dunclm.  de  nouo  donauit  :  ac  Billingham.  quod 
mali  homines  abstulerunt  Monachis  restituit. 

1  MS.  is  altered  to  "  Northwagfensis." 


138  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cosin,  (no)     Rex    Will'mus    Secundus    dedit   Sto    Cuthberto    et 

B    1 1     1 

1660".'    Will'mo    Ep'o    et    successorib?   suis    Aluerton    Shire    et 
Rex  Win   Moriachis  Dunelm.   Ecclesias  de  Aluerton:  Siggeston    et 

Secundus.     ,       _,  .  _         .  ,T        .        . 

de  Runton,1  et  plures  terras  in  Comitatu  Nottingham,  ac 
etiam  antiquas  libertates  Eccl'ise  Dunelm.  confirmauit. 
Hen.  Rex  I.  Rex  Henricus  Primus  hanc  legem  Sto  Cuthberto  con- 
stituit.  quatenus  omnis  terra,  quas  ei  data  siue  de  illius 
f.  17-  pecunia  empta  fuerit,  libera  et  quieta.  cum  o'ibus  terris 
ejus,  ab  omnibus  Consuetudinibus  quan  ad  Regis  Coronam 
pertinent,  ita  ut  nullus  jus  in  ea  ulterius  expetat.  cujus- 
cunq^  debiti  uel  seruitutis  ante  fuisse  constiterit  : 

Scripturae  sub   I  magi  nib?   Regum2  ad  ostium   Chori 
Eccl'iae   Dunelm.   ex  parte   Boreali, 

Sex  Reges  Northumbrian  a  Trenta  et  Mersee  usq^ 
ffoorth.  ubi  est  mare  Scotticum.  et  Duo  Reges  Scotia? 
promotores  hujus  EccHan  Sedis  Ep'alis  et  Ccetus  Mona- 
chalis. 
Oswaldus  Oswaldus  Sanctus  fundator  Eccl'ian  et  Sedis  Ep'alis  ac 
coetus  monachalis  qui  quondam  erant3  in  Lindisfernia  nunc 
sunt  in  Dunelmo  Cujus  caput  cum  corpore  Sli  Cuthberti 
requiescit. 

Oswin      Rex     Oswin      frater     Sli     Oswaldi      Pendam     Regem 

Rex.   Merciorum     Paganum     Stj    Oswaldi     occisorem    in     bello 

superauit    et    occidit,    et    pro    hac    victoria    sibi    a    Deo 

concessa.   plura  Monasteria  fundauit,  et  dotauit,    quorum 

sex  erant  in  Deira  et  sex  in  Bernicia  : 

EgtVidus        Egfridus    Rex   Northumbrian   Sl  Cuthbertum  consecrari 

umbriffi.     fecit  in   Ep'um    Lindisfernensem    et   sibi    dedit    Ciuitatem 

Lucubaliam,     qua?    nunc    dicitur    Carleil,     ac    Manerium 

Regium  de  Creak  cum  pertinentijs.     Dedit  etiam   posses- 

siones  ad  fundandum  monasterium  de  Warmoth  et  Jarro. 

Rex  Alfrid9      Rex     Northumbrian     Alfridus      dedit      Monachis      Lin- 

bri»m"    disfernen.       locum       in      Rippon,      ubi      fundatum      erat 

p.  18.       Monasterium     Monachorum :    in    quo    S:    Cuthbertus    ad 

Receptionem    hospitum    deputatus    Angelum    Domini    in 

1  Apparently  Rounlon,  in  Allertonshire. 

1  MS.  lias  "  RegnQ."  '  MS.  has  "  erat.' 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  1  ,VJ 

specie  horn  in  is  recepit.  dedit  et  St0  Wilfrido  terrain  juxta  MS,  Cosip, 

.        .  .  .  ,  .  .  B.  II.  a 

Stanford iam  ubi  est  pnoratus  S"  Leonardi  :  1660.  ' 

(120)     Sanctus  Ceolwlfius  Rex  Northumbrian  in  Scientijs  S :  Ceolwifiua 
Diuinis  et  humanis  nobiliter  instructus:  in  tantum   quod 


llllllX'l.'L'. 


Heila  librum  de  gestis  Anglorum  illi  misit  ad  examinan- 
dum.  Anno  nono  Regni  sui  relicta  Corona  factus  est 
Monachus  Lindisfernensis  cujus  ossa  ut  sanctae  Riliquiae 
in  Eccl'iam  banc  sunt  translata  : 

Guthredus    Rex    per    S:    Cuthbertum    in    Regem    pro-  Guthredus 

,  ^  ,.     .  rp.  Rex. 

motus    totam     terrain    cum    jure     Kegali     inter     line    et 

W'eere  eidem  Sl°  Donauit  Aduersus  quern  Scotti  apud 
Mungdnigdene1  pugnaturi  subito  terras  hiatu  sunt  absorpti 
precibus  Sli  Cutbberti  et  Regis  Guthredi  : 

Edgarus    Rex    Scotiae   dedit    Deo   et    S  :    Cuthberto   ae     [Edgarus 
monachis  in   Eccl'ia  Dunelm.  seruientibus  Regiam  Man- 
sionem    de    Coldingham    ubi    dedicari    fecit    Eccl'iam    in 
honore  B.  Marian.      Dedit  et  his  plures  villas  in  Lodoneyo 
secundum  voluntatem  eorum  disponendas: 

Dauid  Rex  Scotia?  confirmavit  Donationem  regis  Edgari  [Dauid  Rex 
super   Coldingham    et   aliis.    cujus    donationi    ipse    Dauid     'p01,'^ 
addidit  plures  villas  et  terras  cum  magnis  libertatibus  et 
quietudinibus  ac  franchesiis.   Confirmauit  etiam  Ecclesias  et 
villas  eisdem  per  alios  datas 

ScripturcE  sub   Imaginibus  Pontificum  Ad   Ostium 
Chori    Ecclesise   Dunelm.   ex   parte  Australi. 
gtus  Cuthbertus  Monachus  Kp'us  Lindisfernensis.   nunc  S.  Cuth: 
patron  us  Ecclesias  et  Ciuitatis  ac  Libertatis  Dunelm.  cujus 
corpus   post  41S   annos    Sepulturae    suae   incorruptum   et 
flexibile  dormienti   quam   mortuo  similius  est  inuentum  et 
sic  vitam  intemeratam2  coiiiendat  corporis  Incorruptio: 

StUh   Eadbartus  Monachus  septimus  Ep'us  Lindisfernen-  s« Eadbertus. 

sis.   vir  sapientia   Diuinarum   Scripturaru  et  obseruantia 

praeceptorum  ccelestium.  ac  maxime  operac'oe  eleemosy- 

narum     insignis     Corpus     Sl     Cuthberti     post     vndecim 

Sepulturae   suae  annos   incorruptum   et   flexibile   inuentum 

'  Mundynge   deene   (Metr.    Life,   491 7),    said   to   Ik-   one   mile   south   of 
Norbam.     (Lei.  Coll.  i,  3-'9). 
•  MS.  lias  "in  temeritatem." 


I40  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cosin,  absqj?  lassione  pannorum  quibus  erat  involutum  de  terra 
1660."'  jussit  leuari,  et  Theca  reconditum  super  pauimentum 
Dignum  uenerac'onis  locari,  in  quo  Sepulchro  idem  Ead- 
bartus  sepultus  erat,  sed  in  ultima  translac'oe  Corporis 
S'li  Cuthberti  ejus  (121)  Reliquiae  cum  eodem  corpore  sunt. 
Et  in  hac  Ecclesia  Dunelm.  adhuc  seruatas  : 

S:Eadfridus.  Stus  Eadfridus  De  habitu  Monachali  octavus  Ep'us 
Eccl'ias  Lindisfernensis  Hujus  hortatu  venerabilis  Beda 
presbyter  et  Monachus  Giruensis  vitam  St!  Cuthberti 
tarn  in  metro  quam  in  prosa  composuit.  Cujus  ossa  in 
Area  cum  corpore  Sli  Cuthberti  sunt  inuenta,  et  in  hac 
Ecclesia  Dunelm.  conceruata  : 

S:  Ethelwold.  Stus  Ethelwoldus  de  habitu  Monachali  nonus  Ep'us 
Eccl'iae  Lindisfernensis.  Hie  primo  religiosse1  vitas  Abbas 
et  presbiter  Monastery  Mailrocensis  et  quondam  Beati 
Cuthberti  dignus  Minister  erat  ac  Ep'us  consecratus 
sanctissime  vixit  et  obijt  cujus  ossa  cum  Corpore  Sli 
Cuthberti  inuenta,  et  in  hac  Ecclesia  in  Scrinio  sunt 
reposita. 

Waicherus.  Walcherus  Ep'us  sextus  hujus  loci  Dunelmi  et  de  habitu 
seculari  consecratus.  Hie  Walcherus  reperiens  in  alba 
Ecclesia,  quse  erat  in  Loco  ubi  nunc  est  Tumba  Sl 
Cuthberti  in  claustro  cum  paucis  Monachis  Clericos 
Seculares  insolenter  uiuentes  et  ritum  Monachorum  in 
officio  Diuino  seruantes  proposuit  Monachos,  quibus 
monasterium  de  Wermuth  et  de  Jarrow  cum  suis  perti- 
nency's prius  commiserat,  secundum  morem  Lindisfernen- 
cis  Ecclesia?  eos  absq^  secularibus  ministraturos,  in 
hunc  locum  introducere.  sed  per  Northumbrenses  in  Eccl'ia 
de  Gateshead  peremptus  propositum  suum  ad  effectum  non 
perduxit. 

Will's  Ep'us,  Will'mus  de  Sto  Karilepho  septimus  Ep'us  hujus  loci, 
p-  "'  et  de  habitu  monachali  consecratus  Hie  Will'mus 
intelligens  propositum  sui  predecessoris  Walcheri  de 
introductione  Monachorum  in  hunc  locum,  et  quod 
quidam  de  Clericis  hujus  loci  causa  erant :  Necis  Walcheri 
Ep'i  fultus  authoritate  Apostelica  (sic)  et  authoritate  Regia 

1  MS.  has  "a  eligeosse." 


INSCRIPTION'S    BENEATH    FIGURES.  141 

dictos  Clericos  de  hoc  loco  ad  Ecclesias  de  Awckland  et  Ms- c°sin> 
Darlington    et    De    Norton    transtulit,    et    Monachos   dc      ,66o.  ' 
Warmoth  et  Jarrow   hie    induxit  :    Ac    Houeden    Shire    a 
Rege  Will'mo   primo  et   Alvertonshire  a    Rege   Will'mo 
secundo  et  plures  terras  Monachis  hujus  Eccl'iae  adquisiuit. 
Hunc  Chorum  a  fundamentis  construxit. 

Ranulphus  octauos  (sic)  Ep'us  hujus  loci,  et  de  habitu  Ranulphus 
seculari  consecratus.  Hie  Nauem  hujus  (122)  Eccl'iae  per  -pu 
pnedecessorem  suum  immediatum  Will'mum  inchoatam 
ad  tectum  perduxit.  Corpus  Sli  Cuthberti  de  loco  in 
alba  Eccl'ia,  ubi  nunc  est  Tumba  in  Claustro  post  annos 
depositionis  ejus  418  A°  gr'a?  1109  incorruptum  et  flexibile 
inventum  in  banc  Eccl'iam  ubi  nunc  transtulit.  Inter 
hanc  Eccl'iam  et  castrum  destructis  habitaculis  in  plani- 
ciem  redegit.  Hospitale  de  Kepeir  fundauit  veterem 
pontem  de  framwelgate  in  Dunelmia  et  Castrum  de 
Northam  construxit.  ac  plura  ornamenta  huic  Ecclesia? 
reliquit  et  erat  Ep'us  29  annos. 

Hugo  de  Puteaco  ii»nus  hujus  loci  Ep'us  Dunelmi  et  de  Hugo  de 
habitu  seculari  consecratus.  Hie  Hugo  de  sanguine  Regio  a}e**0' 
natus,  et  Thesaurius  (sic)  Eborum  electus  per  Capitulum 
hujus  Eccl'ia?  consecratus  est  Ep'us  ejusdem  per  Suiiium 
Pontificem  Gallileam  cum  feretro  Sli  Beda?  composuit 
Hospitale  de  Sherburn  fundauit  et  dotauit.  Pontem  de 
Eluet  et  plura  a?dificia  in  castello  Dunelm.  ac  Turrim 
ualidam  in  Northam,  et  Eccl'iam  de  Derlington  a  funda- 
mentis construxit  Sadbergiam  qua?  de  antiquo  jure  hujus 
erat  Eccl'ia?.  De  manu  Regis  pro  undecim  millibus 
librarum  redemit  ac  pretiosa  ornamenta  huic  Eccl'iae 
reliquit.  Jura  et  libertates  Sli  Cuthberti  prudenter  defendit, 
ac  completis  in  Ep'atu  xlj  annis  in  Domino  feliciter 
obdormiuit.  et  obijt  apud  Houeden. 

Scripturae  sub    Imaginibus   pontificum    ad    ostium 
Chori    Eccl'iae   Dunelm.   ex  parte   Boreali. 

S1    Aidanus    natione    Scotus    Monachus    Monasterij    de  S:  Aidanus. 

Hij    Ep'us  factus  per  Sm   Oswaldum   vocatus  Ano  Gratia? 
635  lundavit  sedem   Ep'alem  et  Monachoru  congregation*? 


P-  23- 


I42  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Cosin,  in  Insula  Lindisfernensi.   Ac  Gentem   Berniciorum  coope- 

R    1 1    2  ... 

1660."  rante  Sto  Os\v°  ad  fidem  Xpi  conuertit.  Hujus  Aidani 
animam  Sl  Cuthbertus  ab  Angelis  in  coelum  deferri 
conspexit  et  ejus  caput  et  ossa  in  hac  Eccl'ia  Dunelm. 
ut  sanctas  Reliquiae  sunt  seruata  : 

s.  ffinanus.  Sanctus  ffinanus  natione  Scotus  et  Monachus  secundus 
erat  Ep'us  Lindisfernensis  :  Hie  baptizavit  Sigebertum 
Regem  Orientalium  Saxonum,  et  peadam  mediterraneorum 
Anglorum  principem,  ac:  Cedd :  presbiterum  et  Monachum 
Eccl'ise  Lindisfernensis  ordinauit  Ep'um  Genti  Orienta- 
lium Saxonum  et  completis  in  Ep'atu  Decern  Annis  in 
D'no  fasliciter  obdormiuit : 

s.  Eatas.  (123)  Sus  Eata  Monachus  et  Abbas  Mailrosensis  et 
Lindisfernensis  fecit  Sl  Cuthbertum  Monachum  ac 
propositum  (sic)  siue  priorem  primo  Miailrosense  post 
Lindisfernensem,  et  dato  loco  ab  Alfrido  Rege  in  Rippon 
fundauit  Monasterium  Monachorum,  ubi  Sl  Cuthbertus 
hospitio  suscepit  Angelum  D'mi,  et  Ep'us  factus  quintus  in 
ordine  rexit  Eccl'iam  Lindisfernensem  simul  cum  Eccl'ia 
de  Hexham  cujus  ossa  in  Eccl'ia  de  Hexham  sunt 
canonizata  : 

Ecgrediis.  Ecgredus  de  habitu  Monachali  i4nuis  Ep'us  Lindisfernen. 
hie  vir  natu  nobilis  dedit  St0  Cuthberto  Eccl'iam  de 
Northam  quam  agdificauit,  villam  quoqjj  de  Gedworth  cum 
appendicijs  Eccl'iam  quoq^  et  villam  de  Geynford  et  quic- 
quid  ad  earn  pertinet : 

Earduiphus.  Eardulphus  de  habitu  Monachali  sextus  decimus  et 
ultimus  Ep'us  Eccl'iam  Lindisfernensis.  Hie  vir  magni 
meriti  erat  audito  adventu  Danorum  Paganorum  Ille  [et1] 
Edredus  Abbas  tollentes  seed  Corpus  Sli  Cuthberti  Eccl'iam 
Lindisfernensem  reliquerunt  post  annos  241  ex  quo  sedis 
Ep'alis  cum  Ccetu  Monachali  ib'm  erat  instituta  Anno 
p.  24.  Gra:  875  et  de  loco  ad  Locum  fugientes  per  Septennium 
rabiem  Danorum  tandem  reportauerunt  dictum  Corpus  in 
Cestriam  in  Streta.  ubi  per  centum  et  tredecim  Annos 
dictum  corpus  et  sedes  Ep'alis  permanserunt : 

1  Not  in  MS. 


INSCRIPTIONS    BENEATH    FIGURES.  1 43 

Cutheardus  secundus   Ep'us  Conkcestrcn.  et  de  habitu  MS.  Cosin, 
Monachal]  :   Hie  Cutherdus  de    pecunia   Sli  Cuthberti  ad      'l66o>  ' 
opus  ejusdem  emit  Bedlington  cum  appendicijs.     Et  cum  Cutheardus. 
miles  quidam  Regis  Reynwaldi  Pagan i,  Onlafbal  nomine  et 
ipse  Paganas  (sic)  qui  terras  S1'  Cuthberti  usurpauit  eteidem 
Sancto  improperauit  ad   Kp'um  et  congrecaco'em   multis 
injury's  vexauit,  ad  ostium  Eccl'iae  veneratur  (sic),  et  alterum 
inter  alterum  extra  pedem  posuerat  quasi  clavus  confixus 
stetit,   sicqS   est  tortus,  quod   miseram  animam   in  eodem 
loco    reddere    est    compulsus     Sli     Cuthberti     mentis     et 
Cutheardi  precibus.  quo  exemplo  omnes  alij  contriti1  nihil 
quod  Eccl'iae  S"  Cuthberti  competabat.  (sic)  u Iter i us  inua- 
dere  presumebant. 

Aldwinus  nonus  et  ultimus  Ep'us  Conkcestrensis  ac  Aldwinus. 
primus  Dunelmensis.  et  de  habitu  Monachal]  Hie 
.Vldunus  Ep'us  vir  eximia?  Religionis  et  prosapias  nobilis 
anno  gr'ae  995  ccelesti  pmonitus  oraculo  Corpus  Sli  Cuth- 
berti in  Dunelmum  transportauit.  Ouem  locum  Denssis- 
(i24)sima  undiq^  sylua  pro  tunc  ocupauerat,  nullus 
habitaculis  ibi  constructis,  ubi  infra  breue  Eccl'iam  et 
habitacula  cum  auxilio  Comitis  Northamimbrorum 
dum  necessitatem  paterentur  ad  tempus  pra^stitit,  quod  p.  25. 
comites  qui  ei  successerunt  per  violentiam  detinuerunt. 

Edmundus  secundus  Ep'us  Dunelmensis  de  habitu  Edmundus. 
Monachali  consecratus  :  Hie  de  Clericali  habitu  per  vocem 
de  feretro  S1'  Cuthberti  prolatam  et  per  Sacerdotem 
Magnam  Missam  celebrantem  ter  auditam  nominatus  est 
Ep'us  eligendus.  quod  et  factum  est.  sed  ille  Cathedram 
Pnedecessorum  suorum,  qui  Monachi  fuerant,  nullo  modo 
se  posse  ascendere  fatebatur,  nisi  illos  et  ipse  Monachico 
habitu  indutus  imitaretur.  Ouadpropter  (sic)  Monachali 
habitu  suscepto  a  Wlstano  Archiepiscopo  Eboracen.  Ep'us 
Dunelm.  est  consecratus  Et  in  Eccl'iae  regimine  valde 
strenuum  se  exhibebat  Xullius  potentia,  Res  vel  terras 
hujus  Eccl'iae  passus  est  violari  vel  inde  auferri,  prauis 
multum  erat  metuendus,  ac  bonis  humilis  amandus. 


1  So  apparently  in  MS.,  for  '•  conterriti,"  tlu'  word  used  in  Hist.  Trttnsl, 
S,  Cut/ib.,  Surtees  Symeon,  I,  166. 


144  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 


(125)  V.       LlBERATURA     SPECIALIS.*        15IO. 

Magistro  Johanni  Underwod,  3  ulnae.1 

Magistro  Scolarium,  3  uln.      Item  M.  Cheston,  ulnae. 

Et  eidem  hoc  anno  quia  pro  patre. 

Magistro  Thomae  Farn  de  pannario,  4. 

Et  domino  Priori  ex  precepto,  4  uln. 

Generosi. 

Willielmo  Bulmer,  militi,  3  uln. 

Johanni  Rakett,  3. 

Henrico  Killinghal,  marshall,  3  et  i3^  praeter  &c. 
stipend. 

Hugo  Holland,  3  et  1  ultra.     Quietus  in  stipendio. 

Radulpho  Hagerston,  3  et  1  ultra.     Solvit. 

Roberto  Langforth,  cantori,  3  et  1  ultra  2s.  3d.  In 
stipendio. 

Johanni  Salamond,  3,  ex  precepto,  et  1  ultra  solvit  2s.  8d. 

Magistro  Johanni  Clerk,  ex  precepto  Domini,  scribae,  3 
et  1  ultra. 

(Esset  inter  valectos  pro  officio  scribae.     Quietus.) 

Leonell  Elmeden,  kervour,  3  et  1  ultra.      In  stipendio. 


Clerici  valecti.* 


Clerico  capellae  3. 
Clerico  supprioris  3. 
Clerico  bursarii  3. 


Valecti. 


Johanni  Bukley,  valecto  cellarii  vini,  3  et  1  ultra.  In 
stipendio. 

Petro  Barnard,  cursori  scaccarii,  3  et  1  ultra.  In 
stipendio. 

Thomae  Taylyour,  popinario,*  3  et  1  ultra.     In  stipendio. 

Johanni  Browell,  yoman  ussher,  3  et  1  ultra. 

Roberto  Burges,  valecto  stabuli,  3  et  1  ultra.  In 
stipendio. 

1  The  figures  denote  the  number  of  ells  of  cloth  delivered  to  each  person, 


LIBERATURA    SPECIALIS.  1 45 

(126)     Edwardo  Swalwell,  valecto  Terrarii,  3  et  1  ultra. 

Ricardo  Person,  valecto  coco  domini  Prioris,  3. 

Roberto  Langforth,  janitori,  3. 

Johanni  Salamond,  provisori  cator',*  3. 

Nicholao  Brown,  barbour,  3. 

Christofero  Wrangham,  valecto  refectorii,  3. 

Johanni  Hudspeth,  valecto  parvae  domus  Bursarii,*  3  et  1 
ultra. 

Georgio  Scot,  pistori,  3. 

Willielmo  Sanderson,  fabro,  3. 

Johanni  Wynter,  pandoxatori,  3. 

Johanni  Champnay,  carpentario,  3. 

Henrico  Brown,  carpentario,  3. 

Thomas  Benet,  valect  sclater,  3. 

Thomas  Thomson,  sawrer,  3. 

Willielmo  Pape,  valect'  carter,  3. 

Willielmo  Midilton,  whelewright,  3. 

Ballivo  de  Billingham,  Georgio  Davyson,  3. 

Ballivo  de  Shells,  Willielmo  Sanderson,  3  et  1  ultra. 
Quietus. 

Ricardo  Tyndall,  catori  apud  Newburn  raw,  3. 

Roberto  Whitehede,  catori  apud  Sunderlande,  3. 

Edwardo  Smyth,  catori  apud  Teas,  3. 

Johanni  Raket,  forestario  de  Bearparke,  3. 

Relictai  Morlande,  firmario(?)  de  Pitington,  3. 

Johanni  Cowper,  cowper,*  in  officio,  3. 

Johanni  Xicholl,  coco  lardaria?  carnium,  3. 

Rauff  Dicson,  barngreiff*  de  Billingham,  3. 

Georgio  Davison,  barngreiff  de  Wolveston,  3. 

Valectis  Officiariorum. 

Sacristan,  pro  5  valectis,  15  uln.  et  gratis  }£. 

Hostillario,  3  valectis,  9  uln.  et  ^/  gratis. 

Cellerario,  pro  1  valecto,  3  uln. 

Elemosiniario,  pro  2  valectis,  3^  uln.  pro  uno,  et  3  uln. 
pro  alio. 

Camerario,  pro  uno  valecto,  3  uln.,  et  1  uln.  ultra. 

Johanni  Florenc,  3  uln.,  ex  precepto,  quia  non  tunc 
serviens,  et  1  ultra.      In  stipendio. 

Et  Domino  Priori,  6  uln. 
10 


i46  rites  ov  durham. 

Gromi.  * 

Ric'  Catlynson,  gromo  cameras,  3  uln.,  et  j4  ultra. 

Helias  Kelsey,  gromo  popinas,  3  et  ]/2  ultra. 
(127)     Thomas  Foster,  gromo  aulas,  3  et  1  ultra. 

Jacobo  Foster,  gromo  stabuli,  3  et  1  ultra. 

Johanni  Cotysfurth,  gromo  bursarii,  3  et  1  ultra. 

Johanni  Wryght,  gromo  terrarii,  3  et  y2  ultra. 

Thomas  Swalwell,  3,  granario. 

Ricardo  Stobbs,  3,  aledrawer. 

Cuthberto  Verty,  3,  gromo  coco. 

Johanni  Clerke,  cater,  3. 

Thomas  Bowman,  3,  ortulano. 

Henry  Bayle,  3,  claustrario. 

Willielmo  Leigh,  fyshake,*  3. 

Willielmo  Jacson,  sethar,*  3. 

Willielmo  Robynson,  cator,  3. 

Roberto  Busby,  slawghterman,  3. 

Johanni  Dicson,  bowter,*  3. 

Edwardo  Brown,  bowter,  3. 

Ricardo  Pentland,  maltster,  3. 

Edmundo  Elison,  maltster,  3. 

Edwardo  Withan,  mylner,  3. 

Ricardo  Batmanson,  bagman,*  3. 

Johanni  Richardby,  carter,  3. 

Johanni  Shoroton,  carter,  3. 

Antonio  Thomson  de  Rille,  3. 

Thomas  Falderley,  palesser*  de  Beaupark,  3. 

Willielmo  Moryson,  waynman,  3. 

Roberto  Redeman,  waynman,  3. 

Roberto  Sanderson,  procuratori  de  Norham,  3. 

Hostillatori,  pro  3  gromis,  9  uln.,  et  3  uln.  ultra  scilicet 
cuilibet  1  uln. 

Sacristas,  pro  5  gromis,  15  uln.  et  ^  gratis. 

Elemosinario,  pro  uno  gromo,  3  uln. 

Camerario,  pro  uno  gromo,  3  uln. 

Communiario,  pro  uno  gromo,  3  uln. 

Cellerario,  pro  2  gromis,  in  singyll  clothe/ 

Apprenticio  kervour,  ex  precepto  Domini,  3  uln. 

Apprenticio  lathami,*  ex  precepto  Domini,  3  uln. 


LIBERATURA    SPECIALIS.  147 

Et  venditae  Thomas  Kirkeman  3  uln.  $s.  in  stipend. 

Et  Domino  priori  6  uln. 

DOMINO  priori  ut  infra  6  uln.  generos.  6  uln.  valect.  6 
uln.  gromor. 

Capt.  hoc  anno  de  pannario  Dunelm.  W°.  Mildesley  3 
pec.  panni  generosorum,*  qiuelibet  continens  iS  uln.  Et 
de  eodem,  pro  magistro  Scolarium  et  .  .  .  .  preste,*  8  uln. 
de  sad,*  et  pro  Magistro  Thomas  Farn,  commissario  nostri 
Archidiaconatus,  (128)  4  uln.  Summa  66  uln.  viz.  2 
cloths  integr.  et  V\  ad  53^.  <\d.     £j    6s.  8d. 

Item  de  valectis  6  pece  ad  18  uln.  continentes,  108  ma. 
uln.  viz.  4  cloths  et  %  ad  46..V.  Hd.     ^"io   10s. 

Item  10  pec.  gromorum  ad  18  uln. 

Item  2  singill  pece  contin.    18  uln.  dowbill. 

Item  1  pec.  panni  stricti  cont.  1 2  uln.  singill  excepto  (qr.  ?). 

Et  altera  pecia  stricti  panni  cont.  12  uln.  singill  excepto 
qr.  Summa  gromorum  193  ma.  uln.  viz.  8  pece  integr.  Y/> 
et  %  et  3  uln.  ad  40^.     £17   i$s. 

Summa  totalis  ^35    iijt.   Sd. 

Et  praeter  pec.  11  uln.  generos.  de  me  ex  panno  meo 
proprio. 

Summa  ulnarum  338  ma. 

Ric.  Bentley,  3. 

Chr.  Brown,  3. 

Sand.  Loksmyth  sibi  vend.  3. 

Tho.  Whitfelde,  6  uln.  strict,  et  ultra. 


Izj-H  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

(129)  VI.       INDULGENTI/E.* 

I. — Indulgencice  concessce  omnibus  conferentibus  de  bonis 
suis  ad  Fabricam  Ecclesice  Dunelmensis. 

Univkrsis  has  literas  inspecturis  vel  audituris,  Thomas 
Prior,  et  Conventus  Dunelmensis  Ecclesias,  salutem  in 
Domino.  Ouamvis  ad  opera  misericordise  diligenter  in 
hac  vita  seminanda  Christiani  populi,  tarn  ex  Catholicae 
fidei  professione  quam  ex  evangelica  pariter  et  apostolica 
exhortacione,  teneantur  astricti,  ut,  diem  visitacionis 
extremal  pietatis  operibus  praeveniendo,  aeternorum  intuitu 
prasmiorum  seminare  studeant  in  terris,  quod,  reddente 
Domino,  cum  multiplicato  fructu  recolligere  mereantur  in 
coelis  ;  volentes  tamen  fidelium  populorum  animos 
spiritualibus  beneficiis  ac  coelestibus  promissis  specialiter 
incitare,  ut  ad  fabricam  Ecclesias  nostras  promovendam  de 
bonis  sibi  a  Summo  Largitore  collatis  largas  cum  de- 
votione  dextras  extendant  ;  quod  quidem  opus  esse  pietatis 
eximium  et  insigne  cunctis  per  fissuras  et  fracturas  ipsius 
Ecclesias  ex  orientali  sui  parte  prominentes,  ac  terribilem 
ruinam  minantes  intuentibus  veraciter  apparet,  numerosi- 
tatem  dierum  quos  quidem  summus  Pontifex  ac  quidam 
Episcopi,  tarn  Anglias  quam  Scotiae,  omnibus  illis  auctoritate 
pontificali  ex  injunctasibi  penitencia  relaxaverunt,  qui  pias 
elemosinas  ad  opus  dictas  Ecclesias  erogare  curaverint, 
numerum  quoque  missarum  ac  psalteriorum,  qua?  viri 
religiosi  omnibus  fabricam  supradictas  Ecclesias  ex  suis 
elemosinis  promovere  volentibus,  liberali  magnificentia 
concesserunt,  ad  universorum  noticiam  prassenti  scripto 
inserere  decrevimus.  Noverit  igitur  universitas  vestra,  a 
Domino  Papa  xl  dies,  ab  Archiepiscopo  Ebor.  XL  dies,  de 
Hugone  Episcopo  Dunelm.  lxxx  dies,  de  Nicholao 
Episcopo  Dunelm.  xl  dies,  ab  Episcopo  Karliolensi  xl 
dies,  ab  Episcopo  Lincoln,  xl  dies,  de  Episcopo  Gal- 
wathiae*  xl  dies,  de  Episcopo  Sancti  Andreae  xl  dies,  de 
Episcopo  Duncheldens.  xl  dies,  de  Episcopo  Glascuens. 
xxx  dies,  omnibus  prasdictas  ecclesias  benefactoribus  de 
injuncta  sibi  pcenitencia  misericorditer  esse  indultos.  Et 
est  summa  dierum  cccc  et  xxxta  dies.*  Preterea  noveritis 
ab  Abbate  et  Conventu  Novi   Monasterii  DC  missas  et  M 


INDULGENCES.  14«> 

psalteria,  ab  Abbate  et  Conventu  de  Alba  Landa  cc< 
missaset  ccc  psalteria,  a  Prioreet  Conventu  Augustaldens. ' 
ax'  missas  et  ccc  psalteria,  a  Priore  et  Conventu  de  Brenke- 

burn  CCC  missas  (i,,o)  cum  omnibus  psalteriis  in  ecclesia 
sua  dicendis,  a  Priore  et  Conventu  de  Tynemuth  CCC  missas 
et  cc  psalteria,  a  Priore  et  Conventu  de  Coldingham  cccc 

missis  et  CCCC  psalteria,  a  Priore  et  Conventu  de  Boulton 
i. xxx  missas,  a  Priore  et  Conventu  de  Pinchall  cccc  missas 
et  CCCC  psalteria,  a  Priore  et  Fratribus  de  Insula  CCC 
missas  et  cc  psalteria,  a  Fratribus  de  Banburgh  c  missas, 
a  Fratribus  de  Jarwe  CCC  missas,  a  Fratribus  de  Weremutb 
CC  missas,  a  Fratribus  de  Farn  c  missas  et  c  psalteria,  a 
Priorissa  et  Conventu  de  Xesham  ccc  psalteria,  a  Priorissa 
et  Conventu  de  Lamelv  ccc  psalteria,  a  Priorissa  et 
Conventu  de  Berewieh  LX  missas  &  ccc  psalteria,  a 
Priorissa  et  Conventu  de  Halistan  lii  missas  et  CCC 
psalteria,  a  Priorissa  et  Conventu  de  Xovo  Castro  ccc 
psalteria,  cum  ceteris  bonis  qua;  in  singulis  ecclesiis 
praenotatis  fient  privatim  et  publice,  benefactoribus  omnibus 
praenominatis  liberaliter  esse  concessa.  Summa  vero 
psalteriorum  IV.  M.  Xos  autem,  pra?ter  missas  supra- 
scriptas,  faeimus  singulis  diebus  sex  missas  pro  praedictis 
benefactoribus  in  monasterio  nostro  celebrari.  Et  est 
summa  missarum  VII™  ccc  et  xxxn.  Et  in  hujus  rei 
testimonium  sigillum  nostrum  praesentibus  Uteris  fecimus 
apponi.     (Before  1244.) 

II. — H.  Elyens.*  conferentibus  ad  fabricam  ix  altarium 
xi.  dies  per  septem  annos.     Anno  m.cc.xxxv. 

OMNIBUS  hoc  scriptum  visuris  vel  audituris,  H.,  Dei  gratia 
Eliensis  Episcopus,  salutem  in  Domino.  Inter  pra?claros 
Christi  Confessores  quorum  praesentia  corporalis  Angllcanae 
patrocinatur  F2cclesia?,  Beatus  Cuthbertus  non  mediocre 
sanctitatis  pra.'conium  dinoscitur  optinere.  Nee  immerito 
laudibus  humanis  attollitur,  eujus  mentis  inlirmi  sanitatis 
gratiam  consequuntur.  Cujus  caro  carie  carens  et  prorsus 
integre  perseverans,  dormientem  pot i us  quam  mortuum 
repra^sentare  videtur.  Membra  namque  beati  viri  manere 
penitus  incorrupta,  non  solum  \'enerabilis  Bedae  presbiteri 
scriptura  testatur,  verum  etiam  probavit  ipsius  sanctissimi 


I50  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

corporis  translatio,  sub  hoc  novissimo  tempore  celebrata. 
Hie  itaque  thesaurus,  super  aurum  et  topazion  preciosus, 
apud  Dunelmensem  requiescit  Ecclesiam,  ubi  supra 
sacrum  illius  sepulchrum  devocio  veterum  lapideas  erexit 
testudines,  qua?  jam  nunc  plenae  fissuris  et  ritnis,  dissolutio- 
nem  sui  indicant  imminere,  adeoque  propinquam  minatur 
ruinam,  ut  quicunque  molem  illam  tarn  suspecte  pendentem 
aspexerit  veraciter  dicere  possit,  quoniam  terribilis  et 
tremendus  est  locus  ille.  Cum  autem  venerabilis  frater 
Dominus  R.  Dunelmensis  Episcopus,  tarn  manifesto  de- 
siderans  obviare  periculo  disponat,  auxiliante  (131)  Domino, 
apud  orientalem  supradictas  Ecclesiam  partem  novum  opus 
extruere  in  quo  ipsius  sancti  Confessoris  corpus  valeat 
tutius  pariter  et  honestius  collocari,  universitatem  vestram 
monemus  et  hortamur  in  Domino,  ut  ad  prasfati  operis 
fabricam  celerius  consummandam  de  bonis  vobis  a  Deo 
collatis  aliqua  caritatis  subsidia  velitis  misericorditer 
erogare,  quatenus  per  hasc  et  alia  bona  quae  feceritis  asterna 
possistis  gaudia  promereri.  Nos  vero  de  Dei  misericordia 
et  de  gloriosas  Virginis,  necnon  et  Sancti  Cuthberti 
omniumque  sanctorum  meritis  confidentes,  omnibus  qui 
fabricae  memoratag  pias  elemosinarum  largitiones  impen- 
derint,  seu  prasdictum  locum  per  hoc  septennium  proxime 
futurum  causa  orationis  adierint,  et  quorum  Diocesani  hanc 
indulgentiam  nostram  ratam  habuerint,  si  de  peccatis  suis 
vero  contriti  fuerint  et  confessi,  triginta  dies  de  injuncta 
sibi  penitentia  relaxamus.  Data  London,  anno  gratia^ 
Millesimo  Ducentesimo  tricesimo  quinto.  Septimo  id. 
Julii. 

III.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Clementem,  permissione  divina  ecclesiam  Dumblanensis 
ministrum  humilem,  omnibus  visitantibus  Majus  Altare  in 
ecclesia  Dunelmensi  per  ipsum  in  honorem  Sanctas  Marias 
semper  virginis  consecratum.  Data  apud  Dunelm.  die 
consecrationis  predicti  Altaris,  scilicet  nonis  Junii,  pontifi- 
catus  anno  xxx.     In  dorso  1240. 

IV.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Clementem,  permissione  divina  ecclesias  Dunblanensis 
ministrum    humilem,    omnibus   aliquid    ad    reparationem 


INDULGENCES.  I  5 ' 

fabrics  Dunelmensis  ecclesiae,  quae  horribilem  rhinatur 
ruinani,  conferentibus.  Data  anno  gratias  1 243,  kaf. 
Octobris. 

V.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Silvestrem,  Dei  gratia  Karleolensem  episcopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus  &c.  Data  Dunelm.,  16  kal.  Junii,  primo  anno 
pontificatus. 

VI.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Gilbertum,  Candidas  Casae*  episcopum,  omnibus  visitan- 
tibus Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  cum  orationibus  et  donis. 
Data  Dunelm.  vii.  kal.  Novembris  1248,  pontificatus  xiii°. 

VII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Ricardum,  episcopum  Mannensem  et  Insularum.  Data 
apud  Dunelm.  primo  anno  pontificatus. 

(132)  VIII.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Gilbertum,  Dei  gratia  Candida:  Casae  episcopum, 
"omnibus  qui  ad  aliquod  de  quinque  Altaribus  in  fronte 
Dunelmensis  ecclesiae  positis,  quorum  fecimus  dedica- 
tionem,  causa  devotionis  advenerint. "  Data  die  dedi- 
cations dictorum  Altarium,  scilicet  xvi.  kal.  Julii,  1253, 
apud  Dunelm. 

IX.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  con- 
ferentibus aliquid  ad  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  per 
Ricardum,  Dei  gratia  episcopum  Dunkeldensem.  Data 
apud  Dunholm.  1254. 

X.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Albinum,  permissione  divina  ecclesiae  Brevnensis  minis- 
trum  humilem,  omnibus  visitantibus  Galileam,  &c.  Data 
apud  Dunelm.,   1254. 

XI.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Abel,  Dei  gratia  episcopum  Sancti  Andrea4,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  sive  Galileam,  cum 
orationibus  et  donis.  Data  apud  Dunelm.  4  non.  Junii, 
1254  primo  anno  pontificatus. 

XII.  Indulgentia   quadraginta  dierum  concessa    per 

Walterum,  Dei  gratia  Norwicensem  episcopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti.  Data  Dunelm.  vi. 
id.  Septcmbris,  1254.      Pontificatus  io°. 


152  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

XIII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Walterum  episcopum  Dunelmensem,  cum  confirmatione 
Indulgentia?  Silvestris  episcopi  Karleolensis,  Gilberti 
episcopi  Candida?  Casa?  data?  7  kal.  Novembriis  1248,  item 
Indulgentia?  quadraginta  dierum  ab  eodem  singulis  diebus 
in  perpetuum  ad  quodlibet  quinque  Altarium  in  fronte 
ecclesia?  ab  ipso  consecratorum,  anno  1253 — Thoma? 
episcopi  Egdunensis,*  viginti  dierum — Clementis  episcopi 
Dumblanensis,  viginti  dierum,  anno  1253,  kal.  Maii — 
Indulgentia?  quadraginta  dierum  concessa?  ab  eodem  eodem 
anno,  non.  Junii,  in  consecratione  majoris  Altaris  singulis 
diebus  in  perpetuum — Ricardi  Sodorensis,  Mannensis,  et 
Insularum,  quadraginta  dierum — Abel  episcopi  Sancti  An- 
drea?, quadraginta  dierum,  4  non.  Junii,  1254 — Willielmi l 
episcopi  Norvicensis,  quadraginta  dierum,  6  id.  Septembris, 
1256 — Ricardi  episcopi  Dunkeldensis,  quadraginta  dierum, 
crastino  S.  Lucia?  virginis,  1254 — Roberti  Rossensis, 
quadraginta  dierum — Willielmi  episcopi  Catanensis,"  quad- 
raginta dierum — Ysaac  episcopi  Connorensis,  quadraginta 
dierum — Alani  epis(i33)copi  Ergadiensis,*  quadraginta 
dierum.  Data  apud  Aukland  8  id.  Aprilis,  pontificatus 
nostri  anno  septimo  (1255). 

XIV.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Alanum,  Dei  gratia  Ergadiensem  episcopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  sive  Galileam. 
Data  apud  Dunelm.  1255. 

XV.  Indulgentia  Ysaac  episcopi  Conorensis  de 
quadraginta  diebus  concessa  visitantibus  Galileam  sive 
Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  Dunelm.      Data  apud  Dunelm. 

1255- 

XVI.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Robertum,  Dei  gratia  Rosensem  episcopum,  xii.  kal.  Julii, 
1255,  pontificatus  anno  6to,  apud  Dunelm. 

XVII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Willielmum,  Catanensis  ecclesia?  episcopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  sive  Galileam  cum 
donis  et  orationibus.  Data  apud  Dunelm.  16  cal.  Octobris, 
1255,  anno  pontificatus  90. 

■  Read  "Walteri." 


INDULGENCES.  153 

XVIII.  Indulgentia  Albini,  Dei  gratia  Breynensis 
episcopi,  concessa  omnibus  visitantibus  quodlibet  de 
quinque  Altaribus  in  fronte  ecclesiae  Dunelmensis. 
Data  apud  Dunelm.,  4  non.  Marti i,  1256. 

XIX.  WlLLIELMUS,  Dei  gratia  Connorensis  episcopus, 
concedit  quadraginta  dies  Indulgence.  Data  apud 
Dunelm.  1258.     Pontificatus  anno  secundo. 

XX.  Indulgentia  viginti  dierum  ad  fabrieam  sive 
reparationem  ecclesiae  Dunelmensis  eoncessa  per  Williel- 
mum  episcopum  Glasguensem.  Data  apud  Alnecrumb,* 
kal.  Oetobris,  1258. 

XXI.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Henrieum,  Dei  gratia  Candida;  Casae  episeopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus,  &c.  Data  Dunelm.,  die  Sancti  Leonardi, 
1259- 

XXII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Augustinum,  miseracione  divina  Laudocensem*  episcopum, 
omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti.  Data 
apud  Dunelm.  xv.  kal.  Decembris,  1259. 

XXIII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
(134)  G.,  Archicpiscopum*  Eboracensem,  omnibus  visitan- 
tibus Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  sive  Galileam,  et  con- 
ferentibus,  &c.  Data  Dunelm.  xv.  kal.  Decembris,  1259, 
pontificatus  anno  20. 

XXIV.  Indulgentia  triginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Robertum,  Dei  gratia  Dumblenensem  episcopum.  Data 
Dunelm.  pridie  id.  Septembris,  1260. 

XXV.  INDULGENTIA  viginti  dierum  concessa  per  Hen- 
rieum, miseracione  divina  Londoniensem  episcopum.  Data 
London,  1260. 

XXVI.  INDULGENTIA  viginti  dierum  concessa  per 
Rogerum,  Dei  gratia  Conventrensem  et  Liehefeldenseni 
episcopum.  Data  apud  Oxon.  4  id.  Martii,  sexto  anno 
pontificatus. 

XXVII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Hugonem  Elyensem  episcopum.  Data  London,  3 
kal.  Martii,  octavo  anno  pontificatus. 


154  KITES    OF    DURHAM. 

XXVIII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Archibaldum,  miseratione  divina  Moraviensem  epis- 
copum,  "omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Venerabilis  Bedas, 
presbiteri  et  doctoris  egregii,  cujus  venerandas  reliquas  in 
majori  ecclesia  Dunelmensi  sunt  reconditas."  Data 
Dunelm.  vi.  kal.  Aprilis,  1268. 

XXIX.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
fratrem  Carbricum,  miseratione  divina  episcopum  Rathbo- 
tensem,"  dummodo  loci  dyocesanus  hanc  indulgentiam 
ratam  habuerit.      Data  Dunelm.  1273. 

XXX.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Petrum,  Dei  gratia  Archadienserrf  episcopum,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  cum  donis,  &c. 
Data  apud  Dunelm.  septimo  kal.  Januarii,  1273. 

XXXI.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Henricum,  Dei  gratia  Candidas  Casae  episcopum,  "omnibus 
qui  ad  aliquod  de  duobus  Altaribus  in  fronte  Dunelmensis 
ecclesias  in  parte  australi  positis,  quorum  fecimus  dedi- 
cationem,  causa  devotionis  advenerint,  quorum  unum 
dedicatum  est  in  honorem  Sancti  Johannis  Baptistas  et 
Sanctas  Margaretas  virginis  et  martyris,  et  aliud  in 
honorem  Sancti  Andreas  et  Sanctas  Marias  Magdalenas." 
Data  die  dedications  dictorum  Altarium,  scilicet,  (135) 
vii.  kal.  Januarii,  anno  Domini  M.CC. LXX  quarto,  apud 
Dunelm. 

XXXII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Robertum,  Dei  gratia  Dunelmensem  episcopum,  cum 
confirmatione  Indulgentiarum  predecessorum  suorum. 
Data  apud  Myddelham  xiii.  kal.  Martii,  pontificatus  anno 
primo. 

XXXIII.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Walterum,  permissione  divina  Rofensem  episcopum, 
omnibus  aliquid  de  bonis  suis  ad  reparationem  novas 
fabrics  Dunelmensis  ecclesias  celerius  consummandam 
conferentibus  ;  "  prassentibus  usque  ad  prasdictas  fabricas 
inchoatas  perfectionem  valituris."  Data  apud  Dunelm. 
xii.  kal.  Septembris,  1277. 


[NDULGENCES.  155 

XXXIY.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  eundem  episcopum  omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum 
Sancti  Cuthberti.     Data  eodem  die. 

XXXV,  [ndulgentla  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Willielmum,  Dei  gratia  episcopum  Sancti  Andreae  in 
Scocia.     Data  apud  Dunelm.  pridie  idus  Octobris,  1277. 

XXXYI.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  per  Wil- 
lielmum, permissione  divina  Norwicensem  episcopum, 
omnibus  conferentibus  aliquid  de  bonis  suis  ad  repara- 
cionem  novae  fabricae  Dunelmensis  ecclesia?.  Data  apud 
Dunelm.  nonis  Martii,  1  2 7 <S . 

XXXYI  I.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Robertum,  Dei  gratia  Batoniensis  ecclesiae  episcopum, 
omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  cum 
orationibus  et  donis.  Data  apud  Dunelm.  xvi.  kal. 
Octobris,  1  280. 

XXX VI II.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Pet  rum,  Dei  gratia  Conerensis  ecclesia;  episcopum, 
omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti.  Data 
apud  Dunelm.  kal.  Mar.  1280. 

XXXIX.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Willielmum,  Dei  gratia  Dunkeldensem  episcopum, 
omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  et  aliquid 
conferentibus.      Data  apud  Dunelm.  xv.  kal.  Junii,  1285. 

XL.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Willielmum,  Dei  gratia  Brheyensem  episcopum,  omnibus, 
&c.      Data  apud  Dunelm.  17  kal.  Septembris,  1286. 

(136)  XLI.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Thomam,  Dei  gratia  Candida.1  Casas  ecclesiae  episcopum, 
omnibus  visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti.  Data 
Dunelm.  nonis  Septembris,  1302. 

XLII.  Indulgentia  ejusdem  episcopi  visitantibus 
A  hare  Sanctae  Crucis,  s.a. 

XLI  1 1.     Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 

Willielmum  (Lamberton),  episcopum  Sancti  Andreas, 
omnibus   visitantibus   Altare  Sanctae  Crucis  de   novo  con- 


I56  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

structum  in  ecclesia  Dunelm.      Data  apud  Dunelm.  7  kal. 
Maii  septimo  anno  pontificatus. 

XLIV.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Robertum  Elyensem  episcopum.  Data  apud  Novum 
Castrum  super  Tynam,  3  non.  Octobris,  1306,  consecra- 
tionis  quarto. 

XLV.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
fratrem  Andream,  permissione  divina  Ergadyensem  epis- 
copum, omnibus  visitantibus  Altare  Sanctas  Crucis  in 
ecclesia  Dunelmensi.  Data  Dunelm.  xiii.  kal.  Decembris, 
1310,  pontificatus  anno  130. 

XLVI.     Alia  ejusdem  episcopi,  eodem  anno. 

XLVII.  Antonius  Patriarcha  visitantibus  feretrum  vel 
reliquias  xl  d.  Item  idem  Antonius  Dunelm.  xl  d. 
^°.M°.ccc  decimo. 

Universis  Sanctas  Matris  Ecclesia?  filiis  pra?sentes 
litteras  inspecturis,  Antonius,  permissione  divina  sanctas 
Jerosolimitana?  Ecclesia;  Patriarcha  et  Episcopus  Dunol- 
mens.,  salutem  in  eo  qui  pro  redempcione  humani  generis 
Jerosolimis  voluit  crucifigi.  Gratum  Deo  impendere 
credimus  obsequium,  ipsumque  Creatorem  et  Dominum 
omnium  prascipue  veneramur,  dum  sanctos  suos  devotas 
Christianorum  memoriae  recommendamus,  eoque  pras- 
stantius  quo  per  allectiva  indulgenciarum  et  remissionum 
munera  ad  orationis  devocionem  et  elemosinarum 
largicionem  animos  fidelium  excitamus.  De  Dei  igitur 
omnipotentis  misericordia,  gloriosas  virginis  Maria?  matris 
ejus,  sanctorum  apostolorum  Petri  et  Pauli,  et  beatissimi 
Cuthberti  Confessoris  omniumque  sanctorum  meritis  et 
precibus  confidentes  ;  omnibus  Christi  fidelibus  de  peccatis 
suis  vere  poenitentibus  et  confessis,  qui  causa  devocionis  et 
oracionis  ad  Cathedralem  Ecclesiam  nostram  Dunol- 
mensem  accesserint,  et  Feretrum  beatissimi  Cuthberti 
Confessoris  aliasque  Reliquias  ibidem  in  quacumque  parte 
dicta?  (137)  Ecclesias  existentes  visitaverint,  seu  de  bonis 
sibi  a  Deo  collatis  aliquid  eidem  Ecclesia?  offerendo,  seu 
alio  modo  largiendo  caritative  contulerint,  quadraginta  dies 


INDULGENCES.  1 57 

auctoritate  nostra  Patriarchali  ot  rursum  quadraginta  dies 
jure  nostra  Episcopali  de  injuncta  sibi  poenitencia  miser  i- 
corditer  in  Domino  relaxamus.  Ratificantes  insuper  per 
praesentes  omnes  [ndulgencias  a  confratribus  nostris 
Archiepiscopis  et  Episcopis  quibuscumque  ex  causis 
praemissis  concessas  et  imposterum  concedandas.  In  cujus 
rei  testimonium  sigillum  nostrum  praesentibus  est  appen- 
sum.  Data  apud  Kltham,  Roffens'  Dioces',  quinto  die 
mensis  Junij.  Anno  Domini  millesimo  trecentesimo 
deeimo,  Patriarchatus  nostri  quinto,  et  Consecracionis 
notrae  vicesimo  septimo.1 

XLVIII.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa 
per  Willielmum,  archiepiscopum  Eboracensem,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Reliquias  ecclesia?  Dunelmensis.  Data 
Dunelm.  4  non.  Maii,  131 1,  pontificatus  sexto. 

XLIX.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Willielmum,  Archiepiscopum  Eboracensem,  omnibus 
visitantibus  Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  et  aliquid  de  bonis 
suis  conferentibus.  Data  Dunelm.  iv.  non.  Maii,  1311, 
pontificatus  vit0. 

L.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Johannem,  episcopum  Conerensem,  omnibus  visitantibus 
Feretrum  Sancti  Cuthberti  vel  locum  Reliquiarum  cum 
donis.     3  id.  Aprilis,  1319,  pontificatus  anno  250. 

LI.  INDULGENTIA  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Johannem,  Dei  gratia  Karliolensem  episcopum.  Data 
apud  manerium  nostrum  de  Bello  Loco,  xvi.  kal.  Novem- 
bris,  1333,  et  consecrationis  secundo. 

LI  I.  INDULGENTIA  Ricardi,  Dunelmensis  episcopi, 
conferentibus  ad  fabricam  Ecclesia?  vel  ad  Feretrum  Sancti 
Cuthberti  cum  ratificatione  omnium  Indulgentiarum  pra?- 
cedentium. 

UNIVERSIS — Ricardus,  permissione  divina  episcopus 
Dunelmensis,  salutem — Cum,  ad  promerenda  sempiterna 
gaudia  Sanctorum,  sint  nobis  suffragia  plurimum  oppor- 
tuna,  loca  Sanctorum  omnium  pia  sunt  devotione  fidelium 

1  Se.il  engraved  in  Surtees's  History  of  Durham, — Seals,  plate  v,  No.  1. 


I. Vs  RITES   OF    DURHAM. 

veneranda  ;  ut,  dum  Dei  veneramur  amicos,  ipsi  nos 
amicabiles  Deo  reddant,  et  illorum  quodammodo  vendi- 
cando  patrocinium  apud  Deum,  (138)  quod  merita  nostra 
non  obtinent  eorum  mereamur  intercessionibus  obtinere. 
Cupientes,  igitur,  ut  ecclesia  Dunelmensis,  in  qua  venera- 
bilis  patris  nostri  Cuthberti  incorruptum  corpus  honorifice 
collocatur,  congruis  honoribus  et  crebris  populorum 
accessibus  frequentetur,  omnibus  vere  pcenitentibus  quad- 
raginta  dies,  &c.  Data  Dunelm.  7  Junii,  1334,  pontificatus 
primo. 

LI  1 1.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Willielmum,  Archiepiscopum  Eboracensem,  omnibus  visi- 
tantibus  locum  Reliquiarum  in  ecclesia  Sancti  Cuthberti 
Dunelm.  Data  Dunelm.  nonis  Junii,  1334,  pontificatus 
xvijo. 

LIV.  Indulgentia  quinquaginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Johannem,  Archiepiscopum  Cantuariensem,  omnibus  visi- 
tantibus  Reliquias  ecclesiae  Dunelmensis.  Data  Novi 
Castri  super  Tynam  x.  kal.  Januarii,  1335,  translations  20. 

LV.  Indulgentia  triginta  dierum  concessa  per  Tho- 
mam,  Dei  gratia  Enhegdunensem*  episcopum.  Data 
Dunelm.     4  non  Aprilis. 

LVI.  Indulgentia  quadraginta  dierum  concessa  per 
Rogerum,  episcopum  Rossensem,  omnibus  visitantibus 
Altare  Sancta?  Crucis  in  ecclesia  cathedrali  Dunelmensi 
de  novo  constructum.  Data  Dunelm.  13  .  .,  consecra- 
tionis  4to. 


159 
VII.     Notes  on  Prbbendal  Houses. 

I.MS,  formerly  in  possession  of  Archdeacon  Bland,  now,  1902,  of  Dr.  Farrar). 

Prebendal   Houses. 

Stall  1.  Was  the  Exchequer  of  the  Chamberlain  of  the 
Monastery.     Built  .  .  .  ? 

Partly  rebuilt  by  I>  J.  Bowes  171 2 — 1721.  Egerton 
arms   1  7 7 1 ,  etc.     Must  have  been  rebuilt  or  substantially 

repaired  in  that   Bp's  time.     Altered  by  M1   Gisborne,  the 
Hall  and  Study  being  interchanged. 

2.  Built  by  Dr  Jos.  Naylor,  about  1662.  N.B. — He 
wrote  a  Supp.  to  Life  of  Bp.  Morton  by  Rd.  Baddely,  the 
Bp's  Secretary.     Altered  — ? 

Attic  Story  added  by  D1  Philpotts? 

3.  Was  the  Guest  Hall  of  the  Monastery.  See  Daw, 
p.  105. l  Built — ?  Much  improved  by  D1  James  Finney, 
Rector  of  Long  Newton  and  of  Ryton,  1694 — 1726.  Re- 
built by  Dr.  Prosser,  1808? 

4.  The  Guest  Hall  in  part.  Improved  by  Preb>'  Ph. 
Falle,  1699 — 1742.  Large  Repairs  by  Archd.  Thorpe, 
1 8  29 — 1830. 

5.  Built  — ?  Improved  by  D1  J.  Bowes,  1696 — 1712. 
The  present  Dining  Room  was  the  "Loft"  or  ordinary 
Dining  Room  of  the  Convent.  The  Drawing  Room  by 
Mr.  Bouyer. 

6.  This  was  the  Refectory  of  the  Almery  Children 
during  the  Monastery  ;  and  it  was  altered  at  the  Dissolu- 
tion into  a  Dwelling  House  by  Stephen  Marley,  the  1st 
Prebv  of  the  6th  Stall,  1541  — 1572. 

Partly  rebuilt  by  Rd.  Wrench,  1660 — 1675,  being  much 
ruined  in  the  Rebellion.     See  Hut.  (II),  p.  191. 2 

7.  The  Granary,  made  a  Dw.  House  by  Rob1  Darley, 
the  Ist  Preb.  of  this  Stall.  His  arms  were  cut  in  the  Hall 
Window  next  the  Garden  and  R.  D.  relieved  upon  a  Stone 
on  the  W.  side  of  the  Window,  within,  where  it  remained 
in  1758  (Sharp's  MS.). 

1  Should  bo  Hunter,  105;  or,  Da  v.,  139. 

2  Hutchinson,  II,  191,  note. 


l6o  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

It  was  rebuilt  by  Preb.  L.  Pilkington,  1567 — 1592. 
Altered,  rep(1,  and  much  improved  by  Dr.  John  Smith 
(the  Editor  of  Bede's  Works)  1695 — 17 15.  Altered  and 
improved  by  H.  Douglas  in  1838.1 

8.  Was  a  Garner  or  Corn  House  temp.  Monasterii. 
Built  — .  Rebuilt  from  the  Ground  by  Dr  Rd  Gray, 
1 660 —  1 704. 

9.  Built  by  — ?  New  Built  by  Preb.  Sancroft  (postea 
Archb.  Cant.)  in  1674.  Dr  H.  Bagshaw  added  a  new 
apartment,  1681  — 1709.  Drawing  Room  (as  a  Music 
Room)  by  Dr  Sharp,  1768 — 1791. 

10.  Built  by  — ?  Part  of  it  built  anew  by  Dr  Fitzherbert 
Adams,  1695 — 171 1.  He  laid  out  ^2000 — ?  Added  to  by 
Dr.  Hartwell,  171 1 — 1725.  Altered  by  Dr.  Haggitt, 
1 809  ? 

11.  Built  — ?  Much  improved  by  D1  Theo.  Pickering, 
1699  — 1710,  who  made  the  Gardens  and  Fountains. 
Almost  rebuilt  by  Ld.  B(arrington)  about  1802. 

12.  Built  — ?  Rebuilt  by  Wm.  James,  1620 — 1659. 
Do.  Jno.  Morton,  1685 — 1723.  Almost  entirely  by  Hon. 
Anch.  Grey,  circ.  181 2. 


"  Altered,"  etc.,  in  another  hand. 


i6i 
VIII.     Mickleton's  additions  to  Da  vies.     1691. 

I.MS.  Gough,  Durham,  12.     Bodleian  Library), 

J.  Davies's  Cathedral  of  Durham,  London,  1672, 
interleaved. 
The  additions  and    Emendations  hereafter  inserted,  were  MS.  Gough, 
transcribed  from  a  book  of  James  Mickletons  of  Grays  Inn,  Durhami  '-'• 
Esq.  grandson  of  the  person  to  whom  the  printed  book  is 
dedicated/  and  who  was  unfortunately  drowned  at  Arundell 
Stairs  the  23d  of  November,    17 19:    but  they  were  not  of 
his  own  handwriting,  and  seemed  to  be  transcribed,  by  the 
Corrections  made  in  severall  places,  from  some  other  Copy. 
They  were  wrote  originally  in  ye  year  1691  as  appears  from 
the  Catalogue  of  the  Organists  inserted  over  against  p.  28. 
Mr.    Mickleton's    book    is    now    in    my    Lord     Harleys 
Library. 

R.  Gale/ 

First  written,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1593.  v.  p.  49.  'v. 
p.  47.  It  was  onely  ye  Memorial  beginning  p.  37. 1  but  A. 
Wood  p.  904.  T.  1 1.  of  his  Athenae  Oxon.  says  it  was  first 
written  in  1597,  and  gives  this  Character  of  it  from  a  bishop 
that  he  do's  name  not.* 

Liber  hie  omni no  Apocryphus,  fiva-apas  et  Legendae 
putidae  plurimum,  veras  Historian  (praxi  et  cultu  Mona- 
chorum  superstitioso  exceptis)  parum  habet  :  adeo  ut 
mirari  subit  inscitiam  ejus  qui  edidit,  et  negligentiam 
(veritati  et  Ecclesia?  Anglicana;  damnosam)  qui  pra^lo  misit. 

R.G. 

L'Ardoise,  is  properly  slate.     R.  G. 

Note  that  Hugo  Derlington*  ye  14th  Prior  of  Durham 
did  in  the  reign  of  K.  Hcnrv  3d  cause  to  be  made  great 
Organs  for  his  Church  of  Durham. 

The  names  of  some  of  the  Organists  of  this  Cathedrall 
Church  of  Durham. 

John  Brimleis*  in  the  beginning  of  Queen  Elisabeth's 
reign,  dyed  Octob.  13th  1576,  and  lyeth  buryed  in  the 
Consistory,  or  St.  Marys  Galilee,  at  the  West  end  of  this 

' — '   In  another  handwriting. 
I  I 


162  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Gough,  Church   under  a   Marble   stone,   on   which   in   brasse   was 

2*  engraven    [his   image]    the   which   was    taken   away   in   ye 

troublesome  times  ;  but  here  is  his  Epitaph  still  to  be  seen. 

William  Brown"  an  excellent  Master  of  Musick,  a  severe 
man,  but  taught  severall  persons  Musick  ;  among  others 
Mr.  Edward  Smith*  who  succeeded  him  in  ye  Organists 
place. 

Edward  Smith  who  was  buryed  in  this  Church  Febr.  the 
4th  161 1.      Reg.  Jacob.  90. 

After  his  death  one  William  Smith  ye  Elder  (there  were 
two  of  this  name,  but  nothing  of  kin)  did  sometimes 
officiate. 

Next  to  Mr.  Edward  Smith  succeeded  one  [blank] 
Dodson,1  who  served  about  a  year  and  a  half  as  Organist. 

Richard  Hutchinson*  the  famous  Organist  dyed  on 
Sunday  June  ye  7th  1646.  but  for  him  there  did  sometime 
officiate  the  other  William  Smith. 

John  Forster,'  who  came  in  at  Christmas  1660,  and  dyed 
20th  of  April,  1677,  whose  widow  was  married  to  Alexander 
Shaw"  the  younger,  the  29th  of  Novemb.  after,  i.e.,  1677. 

The  said  Alexander  Shaw  after  ye  death  of  the  said  John 
Forster  came  in  to  be  Organist,  to  wit  in  the  latter  end  of 
April  1677,  and  went  out  at  Christmasse  1681. 

William  Grigg*  that  came  from  York,  &  came  in  on 
Christmasse  Eve  1681,  &  then  officiated,  and  is  now  anno 
1691  alive,  &  the  Dean  and  Chapters  Organist. 

The  third  pair  of  Organs*  were  called  the  White  Organs, 
they  were  placed  on  ye  South  side  of  the  Quire  towards  ye 
Vestry  house,  and  were  most,  and  indeed  dayly,  used  at 
ordinary  service,  in  the  times  of  Queen  Elisabeth  and 
K.  James  I.  The  said  two  Organs,  to  wit  those  on  the 
North  side,  and  the  great  one  in  the  Middle  over  the  Quire 
door,  were  taken  down  in  Dean  Hunts  time,  about  ann: 
1620  when  another  great  Organ  was  made,*  and  was 
finished  in  the  latter  end  of  anno   1621,  &  placed  over  the 

1   So  in  MS.  ;  "quidani  Dodshon,"  Mickleton  MS.,  32,  557'. 


MICKLETON'S    ADDITIONS    TO    DAVIES.  163 

Quire  door.     And  the  said  White  Organs  stood  untaken  MS.Gough, 
down,   and  James  Smart   hoard   them    played  on  an"   1635 
and  1636,  and  the  cases  o\  the  said  White  Organ,  and  allso 
of  the  great  Organ  remained  in  the  Church  till  1641/ 

Note  that  the  Scotts  came  into  England  in  September 
1640,  and  there  staid  untill  the  20th  of  August  1641,  at 
which  time  they  went  away  ;  but  in  the  interim  to  wit  on 
Midsummer  day  1(141,  which  fell  out  that  year  to  be  upon 
Corpus  Christi  day  and  not  till  then  did  they  use  any 
Violence  or  harm  to  the  Organs  in  this  Church  ;  but  then 
they  fell  on  and  broke  them,  and  tore  up  all  the  great 
Keys  of  v  great  Organs,  which  had  been  finished  and 
sett  up  at  the  latter  end  of  the  said  year  1621.  and  the  said 
Midsummer  day  they  pulled  down  and  destroyed  the  old 
Font,  wch  stood  betwixt  the  next  2  pillars  to  the  Quire 
ward  on  the  South  side  of  the  Church,  but  to  prevent 
further  mischief  to  the  Organs,  Lievtenant  Colonel  Bruce, 
who  was  quartered  in  the  North  Bayly  in  Durham  at 
Mr.  Robert  Cowpers,  where  now  Mr.  William  Shereman 
liveth,  being  applved  unto,  he  for  the  present  put  them  off, 
and  then  one  Mr.  George  Blades,  who  was,  or  had  been 
Steward  to  Dean  Balcanquall,*  went  to  Gateside  to  certifye 
the  premisses,  and  advise  with  ye  Generall  of  the  Scotch 
army,  who  advised  Mr.  Blades  to  take  ye  pipes  out  ;  and 
at  night  they  did  so,  and  took  them  all  down  in  the  night 
time  to  save  them,  but  afterwards  the  said  two  Cases,  to 
witt,  that  of  the  White  Organ,  and  that  of  ye  Great  Organ, 
being  standing  in  y  Church  ye  11th  of  September  1650 
the  Scotch  prisoners  taken  at  the  fight  of  Dunbar,  which 
was  on  the  3d  of  v  said  month,  to  the  number  of  4500  or 
thereabouts,  being  brought  to  Durham,  and  put  into  the 
Cathedrall,  wth  was  now  made  a  prison  to  keep  them  in,  . 
thev  the  said  prisoners  did  burn  all  the  said  two  cases,  and 
all  the  seats  and  Wainscott  and  all  the  Wood  they  could 
find  in  the  Cathedrall  Church  aforesaid. 

The  next  Organs  that  were  brought  into  the  Church 
were  in  Bishop  Cosins's  time,  to  witt  a  pair  of  little  Organs 
that  cost  towards  80  pound,  that  came  from  London,  & 
placed  on  the  South  side  in  a  little  loft  towards  the  Vestry  : 


164  RITES   OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Gongh,  which  loft  was  made  fitt  for  them,  and  they  were  set  up  in 
'  ye  sfl  loft  in  June  &  July    1661,  and  then  were  tuned  by 
Mr.  John  Nichols  and  James  Smart. 

There  were  a  pair  of  great  Organs  for  wch  a  bargain  was 
made  bv  Dean  Barwick:  they  were  begun  in  his  time,  and 
after  finished  in  Dean  Sudbury's  time  against  Christmasse 
1662,  but  were  not  played  on  on  Christmasse  day,  but  the 
said  little  Organs  were  played  on ;  at  which  Dean  Sudbury 
was  angry,  but  after  on  St.  Stephens  Day  the  said  Great 
Organs  were  first  played  on  by  Mr.  John  Forster  Organist, 
&  so  continued  to  be  played  on. 

And  after  that  a  new  pair  of  Organs  were  agreed  for  in 
August  1683  with  Bernard  Smith*  of  London,  and  were 
set  up  and  finished  in  August  1686. 

Opposite  In  this  North  Alley  were  the  ancient  Song  Schools,"  in 

P-  33-  a  building-  through  the  Church  North  wall  into  ve  Church- 

yard  northward,  in  which  Song  School  building  there 
was  a  Window  looking  Eastward,  and  another  Northward. 
Richard  Hutchinson  the  Organist  was  last  Master  hereof, 
the  said  long  School  building  was  pulled  down  the  latter 
end  of  ye  year  1633,  or  ye  beginning  of  1634. 

At  the  East  end  of  the  churchyard  there  was  a  house 
and  little  garden,  in  which  house  Nicholas  Shuffield1  a 
Singing  man  of  this  Church,  Counter  Tenor,  tho  by  trade 
a  Joyner,  did  live,  dyed,  and  was  buryed  in  the  churchyard 
under  a  stone,  which  with  the  Epitaph  upon  it,  is  yett  to 
be  seen.*  Afterwards  Thomas  Tyler  lived  in  the  said  house. 
He  sung  the  Bassus  part,  he  there  dyed,  &  was  buryed 
Apr.  27th  1627.  After  him  Walter  Meynill,  a  Clerk  in  the 
Registers  Office  of  the  bishop  (which  after  was  Mr. 
Newhouses  Office,  and  now  is  Mr.  Gabriel  Newhouses 
Office)  lived,  &  dyed  in  it  the  19th  of  Jan.  and  was  buryed 
the  day  after  vzl  the  30th  of  Jan.  1640,  these  3  one  after 
another  marryed  ye  same  woman,  to  wit,  Anne  who  was 
first  wife  and  then  Widdow  to  ye  said  Nicholas  Shuffield 
whose  Virgin  name  was  Teasdale. 


Read  "  Sheffield. 


mickleton's  additions  TO  DAVIES.  l<).S 

There    was   a    stone    wall    that    went    from    this   outshot  MS.  Gough, 
...  .        r      .        .TT.     .  i'ii  r      i       Durham,  la 

Northward     of    the    Window,    that    inclosed    part    or     the 

Churchyard,  and  the  said  Song  school,   in  which  wall  or 

inclosure  there    was   a  door  to  go  out  and   in   to  the  said 

house  and  garden,  but  there  was  no  door  out  o(  the  Song 

School  into  the  Churchyard,  or  this   Inclosure  ;    The  wall 

or  inclosure  was   pulled  down   in    K.  Charles  ye   2lU  time, 

and   the  said    house,    in    which    these   3   lived,   was   pulled 

down  An°  1686,  and  the  ground  upon  which  it  stood  layd 

open  with  the  rest  of  the  Churchyard. 

This  book  must  have  been  wrote  much  later  than    1 593  Opp.  p.  47. 
as  Mr.  Mickleton  has  said  it  was  in  the  title  page,  unlesse 
this  account  of  the  breaking  down   Nevills  Crosse  in    1639 
has  been  an  Addition  of  the  editor  John  Davies/     R.G. 

1  It  was  onely  this  memorial  beginning  p.  37.  yl  was 
collected  in  1593*  and  the  abovementiond-addition  must 
have  been  made  to  it  by  yc  Editor.1 

The  four  Bells  that  hung  in  the  Gallilee  Steeple,  were  Opp.  p.  66. 
first,  the  Great  or  Gallilee  Bell,  which  was  given  by  Prior 
Fosser.*  2.  St.  Bedes  bell.  3.  St.  Oswalds  bell.  4.  a 
Long  bell,  which  was  a  narrow  skirted  but  well  tuned  bell, 
and  was  the  last  Bell  that  was  left  in  the  Gallilee  Steeple 
untaken  down.  But  in  Febr.  163^8*  it  was  taken  down,  the 
other  bells  having  been  taken  down  ye  January  before. 

The  Galilee  bell  being  to  be  hung  in  yc  Steeple  or 
Belfrey  in  the  Lantern  of  the  Church,  (which  Belfrey  was 
supposed  to  be  built  by  Bp.  Skirlaw,  who  mostly  built  ye 
Clovsters,  and  whose  Coat  of  Armes  in  severall  times  in 
every  of  the  Cioysters  sett  &  painted  in  the  middle  beams, 
or  {blank)  in  each  of  the  said  cioysters,  tho  others  say  that 
Hugh  Derlington*  14th  prior  of  Durham  made  the  great 
Belfrey)  it,  vzt.  the  Gallilee  bell  was  designed  to  be  chipt 
into  tune,  but  by  chipping  it  was  made  so  thin  that  it  was 
not  thought  serviceable,  so  that  one  Thomas  Bartle  a 
plummer  cast  that  Galilee  bell  over  again,  and  the  said 
last  standing  bell  i.e.  the  long  bell  was  broke  into  pieces, 
and    the    half   oi   her   among   other    things    was    put   into 

'    In  another  h.itulwnt  m 


l66  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

MS.  Gough,  Galilee  bell  to  be  cast  over  again  and  the  other  half  of  ye 
"'  said  long  Bell  was  put  into  other  bells  which  were  cast. 
There  were  4  bells  in  all  that  were  cast  in  the  Guest  Hall, 
one  of  St.  Michael,  and  the  said  Gallilee  Bell,  St. 
Oswalds,  and  St.  Bedes.  At  Candlemasse  after  Thomas 
Bartle  had  cast  the  said  bells,  he  dyed,  and  was  buryed  in 
the  Cathedrall  Churchyard,  and  the  said  Gallilee  bell  was 
rung  out  for  him,  and  so  the  other  bells.  That  of  St. 
Bede  hangs  now  in  the  Steeple  or  Lantern  of  the  Church 
towards  the  East  part  there,  t'is  called  the  Fifth  and  is 
circumscribed  thus 

Olim  Campana  Boni  Bedse  Decanus  et  Capitulum 
Dunelm.  refecerunt  a.u.  1665. 

p.  68.      The  Galilee  bell  hangs  there  towards  the  West  and  is 
called  The  Seventh  Bell 

Olim  Campana  D.D.  Joh.  Fosser  et  Joh.  Hemming1 
Prior  Dunelm.  vulgo  Galilea  quam  refecerunt  Decanus 
et  Capitulum  Dunelm.  a.d.  mdcxxxii. 

Master  of  The  Church  coat  of  Armes  upon  it.      Note  that  Dr.  Spark" 

Hospitall.  suffragan  bishop  to  bishop  Tunstall  caused  these  bells  to 

be  carryed   out  of  the   Gallilee   Belfrey,   which   otherwise 

would  have  been  broken  and  sold,  and  placed  them  in  the 

great  Belfrey  of  the  Cathedrall.  v.  p.  67.  68.* 

The  said  Galilee  bell  which  Bartle  cast,  is  the  great  bell 
now  hanging  in  the  Lanterne,  whose  tongue  was  broke, 
ringing  for  William  Willson,  Sunday  Nov.  30th  1690  the 
day  his  body  was  found  and  buryed. 

That  of  St.  Michael  hangs  to  yu  North,  &  is  called  the 
4th  Bell,  it  is  circumscribed 

Olim  Campana  Sli  Michaelis  a.d.  mdcxxxii   Decanus 

et  Capitulu  refecerunt. 
with  the  Churches  coat  of  Armes  upon  it. 

That  of  Sl  Oswald  hangs  to  the  South  it  was  crackt 
ringing  the  Peel  at  the  buryall  of  John  Harrison  Clerk  of 
the  Bow  Church  the  25th  of  May  1638,  and  after  it  was 
cast  ye  25th  of  September  1639,  by  one  Robert  Oldfield 
who   came    out   of   Lancashire,'    and    he    mistook    in    the 

'  John  Hemyngburgh,  1391  — 1416. 


mickleton's  additions  to  DAVIES.  i<>7 

casting  it,   wanting   mettle   enough,   and   so  cast  it  over  5*s.  Gougb, 

L.         .  .  i       i  r  i  i    I  ^ll  ll.im,    I.', 

again  Novb.  ye  3d  1639.  and  then  afterwards  was  new  and 
badly  cast  in  the  Bow  church  in  Decbr  1OK2,  and  recast 
again  in  March  after  bv  the  selfsame  person,  to  witt  John 
Pattison,  who  was  a  Taylor,  and  son  of  Christofer  Pattison. 
There  was  another  |ohn  Pattison  who  alter  lie  had  been 
Major  of  Durham,  became  Submaster  of  the  plain  Song  & 
writing  School  under  Mark  Leonard  the  Master  thereof, 
there  was  writt  about  St.  Oswallds  bell 

Olim  Campana  Sli  Oswaldi,  quam  fieri  fecit   Robertus 
de  Dunelm.  Decanus  et  Capitulum  refecerunt  A.  D'ni. 
1632,  atque  iterum  1639.  et  tertio  1682. 
The  churches  Coat  of  Armes  is  upon  it. 

The  Third  bell  i.e.  yL'  six  a  clock  bell  hangs 
it  is  circumscribed 

Olim  Campana  Stj  Benedicti,  quam  fieri  fecerunt  Decanus 
et  Capit.  Dunelm.  A°  1664. 

The  second  bell  hangs  '  has  a  Coat  of  Armes 

upon  it,  to  witt  quarterly  3  Lyons,  &  3  fl.  de  Lys,  circum- 
scribed thus  in  Saxon  letters 

Xomen  Domini  sit  Benedictum. 

The  first,  to  wit,  the  least  bell  hangs 
and  is  commonlv  calld  St.  Margarettes  bell. 

(Galilee)  Now  called  the  Bishops  Consistory.  P-  73- 

(same  work  but)  tljat  at  the  North  door  as  bigg  again  as  p.  101. 
the  other. 

Unguis  Griffonica*  in    Bibliotheca  Cotton,   olim    Dunel-  p.  no. 
mensis  Ecclesia?  peculium. 

The    Roman   Catholicks  say   he   was  not  buried  in  the  p-  '°°. 
same   place  where  his  shrine  stood,   but  keep  it  a  secrett     j^ote 
among   themselves  where   his   body  now    Ives,     however,      '733- 
I  had  it  from   Dr  Hunter,   one  verv  inquisitive  into  these 
things,  and  who  was   informed   so  by  some  o(  his   popish 
acquaintance,  that  while  the  Visitors  expected   the   return 
of  thcyr  Messenger  w,h  the  kings  commands  from  London, 
some  of  the  Monks  found  means  to  steal   the   Body  out   of 
the  Revestry,  and  buried  it  at  the  foot  of  the  Stairs    marked 

'   Blank  space  in  MS. 


l6S  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

R.  Gale's  U1  in  the  corner  of  the  South  transept  of  the  church  near 
'  the  Clock  :  That  they  buryed  it  within  the  Staircase  to 
prevent  its  being-  discovered  by  the  breaking  up  of  the 
pavement  :  That  he  once  surprised  a  Lady  at  her  devotions 
turning  herself  that  way,  who  after  confest  to  him  that  the 
Saint  reposed  thereabouts,  tho'  she  could  not  exactly  tell 
the  spott  where,  that  secrett  being  onely  entrusted  to  two 
monks  at  a  time,  and  when  either  of  them  died  the  Survivor 
imparted  it  to  another,  in  order  to  perpetuate  the  tradition. 
R.G.  1733. 


See  tin-  [chnography  of  the  church  pretixt  to  this  book.  U. 


i6q 
IX.     MS.  Notes  in  the  Editor's  Copy  of  Hunter's 

EDITION    OF    1733. 

(Written  about  1 77<>)- 

On  back  of  title. 
Hail,  happy  Durham,  art  and  Nature's  care 
Where  Faith  and  truth  in  Noblest  height  appeare 
Unequal  Were  as  by  her  Walls  it  runs — 
Looks  up  and  wails  with  tears  her  ruind  Sons — 
Whom  She  gave  Life  and  now  their  Death  doth  mourn 
And  ever  weeps  o'er  Beda's  Sacred  urn — 
Camb  :   Brittannia — 
Voll.  2<i. 

p.  27  (Ch.  XIII). 
Chamber  over  the  West  end  of  the  Revestry]     Now  the  Boys 
Room. 

(Probably  the  Choristers'  vestry). 

p.  69  (Ch.  XXIII). 
the  Parlour)     This  Parlour  is  now  Boulby's  Register  Office. 

p.  73.  (Ch.  XXVI). 
Pliilippius  Pp/seopus]  N.  This  Phillip  dying  under  the 
Popes  displeasure  is  supposed  to  have  been  buried 
in  the  Church  Yard  near  the  North  door  and  the 
statue  vulgarly  called  Hobby  Pellel  is  very  probably 
his  Effigie.* 

p.  77  (Ch.  XXIX). 
Dean  Whittingham]     a  Rank  Whigg. 

p.  87  (Ch.  XXXIII). 
the  Parlour  Door]     Now  the  Register  Office. 
Dean  Home]     A  Great  Villian.     This  same  Dean  Home, 

Stole  the  Money  from  his  breth'en  at  Geneva:    and 

ran  away  with  it  at  the  Reformation. 
Dean  1 1  Thittingham  |     A  Great  Villain  of  the  Geneva  Gang. 

p.  89  (Ch.  XXXVI). 

The  East  Allev\  Arms  remain'g  in  the  East  Alley  of 
Cloysters  in  1776.  Skirlaw  Neville  Dacres  Dud- 
ley E.  of  North'1.  Vere  &  many  shields  Obliterated. 


170  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

p.  92  (Ch.  XXXVIII). 
Tobias  Mathew]     Not  much   better   than    his   predecessors 
Home  &  Whittingham. 

Frater  house]     Now  the  Dean  &  Chap'.  Library. 

p.  99  (Ch.  XLII,  Hunter's  addition,  see  note). 
the  Song-school]     Old    Song    School—  now    morn'g    prayr 
chapp1. 

p.  102  (Ch.  XLIV). 
Rev.  Jonathan  Hall,  D.D.]     Doct1   Fothergill  now.     {Dy 
Fothergill  was  installed  27  May,  1775). 

p.  104  (Ch.  XLVI). 
The  Infirmary]     The  Infirmary  is  now  a  part  of  Mr  Rob- 
son's  house. 

p.  107  (Ch.  XLVIII). 
a  little  Vault]     Now  a  part  of  the  Dean's  Kitchen. 

p.  no(Ch.  LV). 
the  Litigate]     Now  Bow  Lane. 

The  Sacrist's  Exchequer]     Door  now  walld  up. 

p.  142  (Desc.  of  Windows,  S.  Alley  of  Quire). 
the  Arms  of  .   .   .   our  Lady]     Azure  a  heart  Gu :  2  Wings 
Or.  sword  prop.  {Sketch)    I  take  this  to  be  the  Arms 
of   Our   lady  as   simply   called.      (In  a   later  hand) 
What  stuff  is  this. 


171 


X.     P'tinecia  ad  altare  s'ci  Job.  baptiste  &  sancte 
Margarete  ad  ix  altare  i  eccl'ia  cath.  Duelm. 

(MS.  Harl.  5289). 

In  pmis  vnu  missale  ex  dono  Joh.  poris. 

+   It'   ij  vreeoli  argentei   «S:  deaurati  (+  delib  at   d'no 

deca°  p  vno  Calic.  COpo)  (dos  decani 

It' j  paxbrede*  argent'  c\:  deaurat'  a"  au"  m 

t    .   •  -  I   o     j  1  alios  vs    ) 

It  j  pua  capana  argent   ec  deaurat 

It' j  vestimetu  eu  alba  &c  ptinec'  de  rubeo  velueto  &  le 
orfrC  de  nigra  velueto  eu   noib3  Ihu  &  marie  eoroat('  instf 

It' j  vest'  de  blodio  serieo  eu  01b?  ptin'  de  eod'  eolore. 

{I)i  margin)  cart  2  vest'  q*  delib.  Dn°  deeau  2^  noveb.  A°  MrWhithed 
,  '  '  do     decan 

do1  1  =S45-  ...      -,  , 

u ~^  s  bt  axit  dun 

It' j  vest'  de  rubeo  serieo  cu  arborib'  intextf  &  e.  ptin'  vestimeta  hie 
ei^d.  colons  24novebis 

1545  el  dedit 

It'  j  vest'  de  albo  serieo  cu  oib^  alijs  ptin'  e*M.  coloris        aiijs  aitarib0 
It'  i  vest'  de  viridi  serieo  cu  albis  &  rubijs  canib?  &  gallis  ^or;i '  °„ 

mteXtt.  mltis  alijs. 

It'  j  alt  cloth  duplic'   cu  frontello  de  colore  cv  ope   px' 
pd'eis 

It'   j   alt    cloth    duplic'    cu    frontello    de   velueto    dillsor' 
color' 

It'  j  candelabra  de  latone  p  cereo  ponendo 

It'  j  candelabru  de  laton  p  yeme 

-f  It'  j  pixis  de  ligno  p  pane  suando 


172  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

XI.  Extracts  from  a  Durham  Missal  written  in 
the  fourteenth  century.  (British  Museum,  Harl. 
5289. )' 

[In  die  Purification^.] 

Hail.  MS.  ///  die  purificacionis  beate  marie  si  dies  dominica  fuerit 
t'l/jSor  m&sa  matutinali  cantata  benedicatur  aqua.  Et  si  epis- 
copus  presens  fuerit  non  aspergatur  ante  terciam.  dicatur 
oracio :  Exaudi  nos.  post  oracionem  dicatur.  Deus  in 
ad iu tori  urn  et  eat  statim  sacerdos  cum  portitore  crucis  per 
officina  sicut  mos  est  in  dominicis  diebus :  Redeunte 
sacerdote  cum  ministris  canant  cum  aliis  terciam  :  ueniente 
episcopo  aspergatur  aqua  benedicta.  post  aspersionem  aqua 
benedicantur  candele  :  Si  festum  purificacionis  infra  \lxx.\ 
contigerit  dicta  tercia :  ponatur  ante  altare  tapetum.  et 
fo.  481.  pojnantur  candele  et  benedicantur  ab  episcopo  uel  priore  : 
cum  capa.  uel  a  sacerdote  albis  (sic)  et  stola  tantum  induto. 

Denedic  domine  ihesu  christe  hanc  creaturam  cere 
supplicacionibus  nostris.  et  infunde  ei  per  uirtutem  sancte 
crucis  bene>J<diccionem  celestem  :  ut  qui  earn  ad  repellen- 
das  tenebras  humano  generi  tribuisti  talem  signaculo  crucis 
tue  fortitudinem  et  bene>J<diccionem  accipiat.  ut  in 
quibuscumque  locis  accensa.  siue  posita  fuerit.  discedat 
diabolus  et  contremiscat.  et  fugiat  pallidus  cum  omnibus 
ministris  suis  de  habitacionibus  i  I  lis  :  nee  presumat 
amplius  inquietare  uel  inludere  seruientibus  deo.2  Proinde 
supplices  quesumus  te  domine  ut  emittas  sanctum  angelum 
tuum  Raphaelem  qui  euulsit  et  reppulit  a  sara  et  tobia 
demonem  mortiferum  eos  infestantem.  conterat  ilium  et 
disperdat  de  cunctis  habitacionibus  colencium  deum  de 
fo.  48 1  x'.  basilicis.  de  domibus.  de  angulis.  de  /  lectulis.  de 
refectoriis.  de  uniuersis  locis  in  quibuscumque  deo 
famulantes  habitant,  et  requiescunt.  dormiunt.  uigilant. 
ambulant,  et  consistunt :  nee  ualeat  i lie  malignus  amplius 
inquietare.  uel  pauores  immittere  super  illos  quos  sancti 
earismatis  tui  unccione  fecisti  esse  munitos. 


1  Comparative  Tables  of  these  offices  found  in  English  liturgical  books, 
together  with  notes  upon  the  services,  may  be  found  in  the  Westminster 
Missal,  iii.   14J4  (Henry  Bradshaw  Society,  1897). 

To  this  point  the  prayer  is  almost  as  in   Missale  Sarum,  ed.  Dickinson, 
Burntisland,  1861  — 1883,  col.  697. 


DURHAM    .MISSAL. 


16 


Benedico  te  cera  in  nomine  dei  >J«  patris  omnipotcntis  ct  Hari.  MS. 
►J«  filii  eius  unigeniti  et  spiritus  ►{«  sancti  paracliti.  ut  sis 
ubique  diaboli  effugacio.  atque  omnium  contubernalium 
suorum  exterminacio.  adiuuante  eadem  sancta  el  indiuidua 
trinitate  que  in  unitatis  essencia.  uiuit  et  regnat  in  secula 
seculorum.     Amen. 

Oracio  : 

Llomine1  sancte  pater  omnipotens  eterne  deus  qui 
omnia  ex  nichilo  creasti.  et  iussu  tuo  per  opera  apum 
hunc  liquorem  ad  perfeccionem  cerei  euenirc  fecisti  et  qui 
hodierna  die  peticionem  iusti  symeonis  implesti.  te 
humiliter  deprecamur  :  in  has  candelas  ad  usus  hominum 
et  sanitatem  corpore  ct  animarum  sine  in  terra,  siue  in 
aquis  per  innocacionem  sanctissimi  nominis  tui.  et  per 
intercessi  onem  sancte  marie  semper  uirginis  cuius  fo.  482. 
hodie  festa  deuote  celebramus  et  per  preces  omnium  sanc- 
torum tuorum  bene^dicere  et  sanctificare  >{«  digneris.  et 
huius  plebis  tue  que  illas  honorifice  in  manibus  desiderat 
portare.  teque  laudando  exultare.  exaudias  uoces  de  celo 
sancto  tuo.  et  de  sede  maiestatis  tue.  et  propicius  sis 
omnibus  clamantibus  ad  te  quos  redemisti  precioso 
filii  sanguine  tui.  Qui  tecum  uiuit  et  regnat  in  imitate 
spiritus  sancti. 

Oracio. 

Omnipotens2  sempiterne  deus  qui  hodierna  die  unigeni- 
tum  tiiuin  ulnis  sancti  symeonis  in  templo  sancto  tuo 
suscipiendum  presentasti.  tuam  supplices  deprecamur 
clemenciam  ut  has  candelas  quas  nos  tui  famuli  in  tui 
nominis  magnificencia  suscipientes  gestare  cupimus  luce 
accensas  bene»f«dicere  et  sancti»J«ficare  atque  lumine 
superne  benediccionis  accendere  digneris  :  quatinus  eas 
tibi  domino  deo  nostro  offerentes  digni  et  sancto  igne 
dulcissime  caritatis  succensi  in  templo  sancto  glorie  tue 
representari  mereamur.     per. 


1  See  Missale  Sarum,  col.  698. 
•  Missale  Sarum,  col.  698. 


174  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Harl.  MS.  Oracio. 

5289.  "p\  .... 

fo.  \S2v.         Uomine1    lhesu    chnste    creator        cell    et    terre.     rex 

reeum.     et    dominus    dominancium    exaudi    nos    indigmos 

famulos    tuos    clamantes    et    orantes  ad   te.      Precamur  te 

domine  omnipotens  et  eterne  deus  qui   omnia  ex  nichilo 

creasti  :    et   iussu   tuo   opera  apum   ad   perfeccionem  cerei 

uenire  fecisti.  et  qui  hodierna  die  peticionem  iusti  symeonis 

implesti.    ut  has  candelas  ad    usus  corporis   et  animarum 

siue  in  terra  siue   in  aquis   per  inuocacionem  sanctissimi 

nominis  tui  et  per  intercessionem  sancte  marie  genitricis 

tue  cuius   hodie   festa   percolimus  ac   per   preces   omnium 

iustorum  bene>{«dicere  et  sanctificare  »J«  digneris  :    in  hac 

plebe    tua    illas     manibus     portando    tu    exaudias    uoces 

illorum  de  sede  maiestatis  tue.     propiciusque  sis  omnibus 

clamantibus  ad  te  saluator  mundi.     Qui  cum  patre. 

Oracio. 

lNmense2  maiestatis  tue  misericordiam  obsecramus 
omnipotens  deus  :  ut  qui  uerum  lumen  dominum  nostrum 
ihesum  christum  hodierna  die  cum  nostre  substancia  carnis 
in  templo  representari  atque  diu  desideratum  beati  symeonis 
fo.  483.  brachiis  amplecti  uoluisti.  mentis  nostre  /  sensus  dono 
tue  gracie  illuminare  digneris :  quatinus  hos  cereos 
tua  benedictione  sanctificatos  ferentes.  castitate  securitate 
tuique  amoris  caritate  exuberantes  nosmetipsos  hostiam 
uiuentem  sanctam  tibique  ex[h]ibere  ualeamus  placentem. 
per  eundem. 

Tunc  aspergantur  aqua  benedicta  et  thure  adoleantur  et 
illuminentur  et  interim  canatar  A\ntiphona\. 

Lumen  ad  reuelacionem  cum  psalmo.  Distributis  cereis  et 
cantata.    A\ntiphond\    Lumen    cum    psalmo.?*    dicatur    hec 

Oracio  CUm  Dominus  uobiscum. 

Oracio. 

Omnipotens  sempiterne  deus  qui  unigenitum  tuum  ante 
tempora4  de  te  genitum  set  temporaliter  de  maria  uirgine 
incarnatum    lumen    uerum    et    indeficiens   ad    repellendas 

1  Cf.  Missale  Sarum,  col.  698. 

2  Missale  Westm.  col.  623. 

3  Psalmo,  i.e.,  Nunc  dimittis. 

4  Missale  Sarum,  col.  702. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  175 

humani  generis  tenebras.  et  ad  intendendum  lumen   fidei  Hari.  ms. 
et   ueritatis    misisti    in    mundum    concede    propicius :    ut      5 " ''' 
sicut  corporali   ita  eciam  interius  luce  spirituali   irradiari 
mereamur  :  per  eundem  dominum. 

net  secundum  alios  post  distribucionem  dicatur  isle 

\\ersus\ 

Benedicta  tu  in  mulieribus. 
Kyrieleison.     Christeleison.     Kyrieleison. 
Pater  noster. 

El    HO   IIOS. 

\'.  Post  partum. 

Oracio. 

ELrude1  quesumus  domine  plebem  tuam  /  et  que  extrin-  fo.  4837'. 
secus  annua  trihuis  deuocione  uenerari  intercedente  beata 
dei  gen i trice  semper  uirgine  maria  interius  assequi  gracie 
tue  luce  concede,      per. 

[Feria  ouarta  in  capite  ieiunii.] 

Feria  .Hi;  in  capite  ieiunij.  post  sextam  pulsetur  unum 
de    maioribus    signis    quoadusque  /nitres    conueniant    in 

ecclesiam  et  facia  11 1  imam  oracionem  breuem. 

Qua  peracta  :  episcopus  stoiam  liabeus  et  mitram.  ucl 
prior  sine  alius  sacerdos  stoiam  tautum  prosternat  se  super 
tapetum  ante  altare  cum  suis  miuistris.  fratres  uero  in 
choro  prosternant  se  super  for  mas  canentes  .vij  psalmos 
penitenciales  cum.     Gloria  patri. 

fin  His  an  tern  psalm  is  dicatur  ah  omnibus  A[ntiphona\. 
Ne  reminiscaris 
cum 

Kyrieleison.     Christeleison.     Kyrieleison. 
Pater  noster 

post  hec  episcopus  uel  qui  loco  it  Hits  est  surgens  dicat 
pieces  et  oraciones  que  secuntur  hoc  modo. 

Et  ne  nos. 

Saluos  fac  seruos  inos. 

Conuertere  domine  usquequo. 

Mitle  i-is  domine  auxilium  ilt-  sancto. 

Domine  exaiull. 

Dominus  uobiscum. 

'  Missale  Ebor.  (Suit.  Soc.  1874)  ii.  19.     Some  read  Exattdi, 


1/6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Had  MS.  Oracio. 

5289. 

ELxaudi1  domine  quesumus  preces  nostras  et  confitencium 
tibi  parce  peccatis.  ut  quos  consciencie  reatus  accusat. 
indulgencia  tue  miseracionis  absoluat.     per. 

Oracio. 

fo.  4S4.  1  reueniat2     hos     famulos     tuos     quesumus     domine 

misericordia   tua :    ut    omnes    iniquitates    eorum    sceleris 
indulgencia  deleantur.     per  christum. 

oracio. 

r\desto4  domine  supplicacionibus  nostris  :  nee  sit  ab 
hiis  famulis  tuis  clemencie  tue  longinqua  miseracio  sana 
uulnera  eorumque  remitte  peccata.  ut  nullis  iniquitatibus 
a  te  separati.  tibi  domino  semper  ualeant  adherere.  per 
christum. 

oracio. 

Domine  5  deus  noster.  qui  offensione  nostra  non 
uinceris  set  satisfaccione  placaris.  respice  quesumus  hos 
famulos  tuos  qui  se  tibi  grauiter  peccasse  confitentur. 
tuum  est  absolucionem  criminum  dare  et  ueniam  prestare 
peccantibus  qui  dixisti  penitenciam  te  malle  peccatorum 
quam  mortem,  concede  ergo  domine  hiis  ut  tibi  penitencie 
dignas  excubias  celebrent :  et  correctis  actibus  suis  conferri 
sibi  a  te  sempiterna  gaudia  gratulentur.     per  christum. 

oracio. 

LJeus6  cuius  indulgencia  nemo  non  indiget  memento 
famulorum  tuorum  et  qui[a]  lubrica  terrenaque  corporis 
fragilitate  nudati  in  multis  deliquerunt :  quesumus  ut  des 
ueniam  confitentibus  parcas  supplicibus.  ut  qui  suis 
fo.  484^.  /  mentis  accusantur  tua  miseracione  saluentur.  per  domi- 
num. 


1  Missale  Sarum,  col.  131.  Missale  Ebor.  i.  45.      Missale  Westm.  ii.  546. 

2  Missale  Sarum,  col.  132.  Missale  Westm.  ii.  547. 
1  Read  celeri. 

*  Missale  Sarum,  col.  131.  Missale  Westm.  ii.  547. 

s  Missale  Sarum,  col.  132.  Missale  Westm.  ii.  547. 

6  Missale  Sarum,  col.  132. 


DURHAM    MISS.M,.  \~- 

absolucio,  h.u-i.  ms. 

A  ,     .  .  .  .  ...  S-K''- 

/Absokumus »  uos  uice  beati  petn  apostolorum  pnncipis 
cui  dominus  potestatem  ligandi  atque  soluendi  dedit.  et 
quantum  ad  uos  pertinet  accusacio  :  et  ad  nos  remissio  sit 
deus  uobis  uita  et  salus  et  omnibus  peccatis  uestris  indul- 
tor.     Qui  uiuit. 

Or  emus. 

C_)mnipotensa  deus  qui  dixit  qui  me  confessus  fuerit 
coram  hominibus  confitebor  et  ego  eum  coram  patre  meo. 
ipse  uos  benedicat  et  custodiat  semper  detque  uobis 
remissionem  omnium  peccatorum  uestrorum  et  uitam 
eternam.     amen. 

hid  peractis  surgant  omnes  ab  oracione  et  benedicat 
sacerdos  cineres.     Benediccio  cum 

Adiutorium  nostrum  in  nomine  domini. 
Sit  niomen  domini  benedictum. 

Dominus  uobiscum. 

Ore  mus. 

V_ymnipotens-+  sempiterne  deus  parce  metuentibus.  pro- 
piciare  supplicantibus  et  mittere  dignare  sanctum  angelum 
tuum  de  celis  qui  benedicat  et  sanctificet  hos  cineres  :  ut 
sint  remedium  salubre  omnibus  nomen  tuum  sanctum 
humiliter  implorantibus  ac  semetipsos  pro  consciencia 
delictorum  suorum  accusantibus  /  atque  ante  conspectum  fo.  485. 
diuine  clemencie  tue  facinora  sua  deplorantibus  uel 
serenissimam  maiestatem  tuam  suppliciter  obnixeque 
flagitantibus.  et  presta  per  inuocacionem  sanctissimi 
nominis  tui  ut  quicumque  eos  super  se  asperserint  pro 
suorum  redempcione  peccatorum  corporis  sanitatem  et 
anime  tutelam  percipiant.     per  dominum. 

or  emus. 

LJeus5  qui  non  mortem  set  penitenciam  desideras 
peccatorum  fragilitatem  condicionis  humane  benignissime 
respice.  et  hos  cineres  quos  causa  proferende  humilitatis. 

'  Missale  Sarum,  col.  132. 

■  Evesham  Hook  (Henry  Bradshaw  Society),  p.  79. 
1  Read,  \w>. 

4  Missale  Westm.  ii.  552. 

s  Missale  Ebor.  i.  44.     Missale  Sarum.  133.     Missale  Westm.  ii.  553. 
12 


178  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Hail.  MS.  ac  promerencle  uenie  capitibus  nostris  irnponi  decernimus 
9'  benedicere  pro  tua  pietate  dignare  ut  qui  nos  esse  in 
cineres  prauitatis  nostre  merito  et  in  pulueres  reuersuros 
cognoscimus  peccatorum  omnium  ueniam  et  premia  peni- 
tentibus  repromissa  misericorditer  consequi  mereamur. 
per  dominum. 

oracio. 

LJeus '  qui  humiliacione  flecteris  et  satisfaccione  pla- 
caris.  aurem  tue  pietatis  inclina  precibus  nostris  et 
capitibus  famulorum  tuorum  horum  cinerum  aspercione 
attactis  effunde  propicius  graciam  tue  bene»J<diccionis  :  ut 
fo.  4857;.  eos  et  spiritu  /  compunccionis  repleas  et  que  iuste 
pecierint  efficaciter  tribuas.  et  consessa  perpetua  stabilitate 
intacta  manere  decernas.     per. 

oracio  : 

Omnipotens2  sempiterne  deus  qui  niniutis  in  cinere  et 
cilicio  penitentibus  indulgencie  tue  remedia  prestitisti 
concede  propicius  :  ut  sic  eos  imitemur  habitu.  quatinus 
uenie  prosequamur  obtentu.     per. 

Delude  prior  reuertatur  in  chornm  et  mittat  cineres  super 
capita  fratrum  suorum.  dicendo. 

Memento  homo  quia  cinis  es  :  et  in  cinerem  reuerteris  : 

Interim  cantetur  A\ntiphona\ 

Immutemur 

cum  uersibus  psalmi 

Deus  misereatur  nostri 

quantum  opus  fuerit :  quo  facto,    prosternant  se  fratres 
super  form  as  dicente  sacerdote 

Ostende  nobis 

et  in  conuentu  respondeatur 

Et  salutare  tuum  da  nobis. 

Kyrieleison. 

Pater  noster. 

Et  tie  nos. 

Et  ueniat  super  nos  misericordia  tua  domine 

Dominus  uobiscum 


1  Missale  Ebor.  i.  46.       Missale  Westin.  ii.  552. 
'*  Missale  Romanum  1474,  and  later  editions. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  179 

ore  ill  us  Harl.  MS. 

Mc  .    .         .  5289' 

emor  esto  quesumus  domine  fragihtatis  humane  et 

qui  iuste  uerberas  peccatores  :     intercedente  beatissima  ct 

gloriosa  semperque  uirgine  maria  et  omnibus  Sanctis  nobis 

peccatoribus    parce    propicius  :    et  afflictis   /   ut  qui    iuste  fo.  486. 

nostris  meritis  affligimur,    tua  sancta  miseracione  redempti 

hie  et  imperpetuum  saluemur.     per. 

[Dominica  in  ramis  palm  arum.] 

■  Dominica  in  ramis  palmarum  expleta  missa  matutinali. 
fiat  benediccio  sal  is  et  aquc  adquam  sin/  omnes  albis  paratis* 
induti.   dam  can/an/.    A[nti/>lionam] 
Asperses  me  : 

pulsetur  signum  ad  terciam.  post  aspersionem  aquc  dicat 
sacerdos  oracionem  Exaudi  nos. 

Deinde  reuertatur  ad  locum  suum  et  incipiat  terciam. 
Qua  incept  a.  uadat  cum  portitoribus  ague  et  cruets  per 
o])icin  us  claustri  sicut  mos  est  in  dominie  is  diebus.  Sacer- 
dote  cum  ministris  redeunte  in  chorum  per  ostium  retro 
chorum  canal  terciam  cum  aliis  et  dicat  capitulum  et 
collectam  ad  horam  pertinentem. 

Cantata  liora  cum  psalmis  familiaribus'  accedat  sub- 
diaconus  ante  gradus  manipulam  in  brachio  habens  et  sine 
tunica  legal  sine  tilulo  leccionem  sequentem. 

V  enerunt1    fllii    israel.     in    helym israel    in 

deser  turn  sin: uespere  car/nes  edere  ....  fo.  4861-. 

Et  ecce  gloria  domini  :  apparuit  in  nube.  4  7* 

Lecta  leccione  exeunt  seruituri  de  candelabris  et  t/iuribulo 
et  slat im  cum  eis  accedat  diaconus.  sine  dalmatica  et 
incensato  analogio  legal  ewangelium.  Cum  appropinquasset2 
quere  supra  dominica  prima  in  aduentu. 

Lecto  eivange/io :  exeat  lector  cum  candelabris.  sicut 
intrauil.  set  thuribularius  remaneat  propter  incensionem 
palmarum  proximo  sequentem.  postea  accedat  episcopus  sine 

'  Exod.  x\.  27 — xvi.  10. 
Matth.  xxi.  1 — 9. 


l8o  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

H.iri.  MS.  prior  capa  indutus  cum  stola  sine  manipula.  uel  sacerdos 
cum  stola  et  manipula  set  sine  capa.  et  benedicat  pal  mas  et 
frondes  ante  altare  super  tapetum  sicut  infra  continetur. 
fo.  4877-.  Exorcizo1  te  creatura  florum  et  frondium  /  in  nomine 
*%>  dei  patris  omnipotentis.  et  in  nomine  f%*  ihesu  christi 
filii  eius.  et  in  uirtute  spiritus  tj<  paracliti  :  Exorcizo  te 
omnis  uirtus  aduersarii.  omnis  exercitus  diaboli.  omnis 
spiritus  inimici.  omnis  incursio  demonum  eradicare  et 
explantare  ab  hac  creatura  riorum  et  frondium  :  ut  ad  dei 
graciam  festinancium  uestigia  non  sequaris  :  interdico  tibi. 
per  eundem  dominum  nostrum  ihesum  christum  qui 
uenturus  est. 

Oracio. 

wmnipotens1  sempiterne  deus  qui  in  diluuij  effusione 
noe  famulo  tuo  ostendisti  per  os  columbe  gestantis  ramum 
oliue  pacem  terris  redditam.  te  supplices  domine  depre- 
camur :  ut  has  spatulas  palmarum  seu  frondes  arborum 
quas  ante  conspectum  glorie  tue  offerimus  ueritas  tua 
sanctifi»J<cet.  ut  deuotus  populus  in  manibus  eas  suscipiens 
benediccionis  tue  graciam  consequi  mereatur  :     per. 

oracio. 

CJmnipotens  sempiterne  deus  flos  mundi.  odor  suaui- 
tatis.  et  origo  nascencium  qui  omnia  legis  et  prophetas 
oracula  in  filii  tui  domini  nostri  ihesu  christi  humilitate 
declarasti  quique  eciam  uenienti  ierosolimam  deuotam  illi 
fo.  488.  cum  ram  is  palmarum  ac  misticis  lau/dibus  hodierna 
die  obuiam  fecisti  turbam  procedere  :  respice  propicius  ad 
debitam  populi  tui  seruitutem  et  huius  creature  nouitatem 
tua  uirtute  sancti>J<fica.  Et  sicut  tunc  prions  populi  gratus 
tibi  extitit  huius  deuocionis  affectus  :  ita  nos  quoque  nunc 
in  veritate  confessionis  nominis  eius.  hec  eadem  per 
reuoluta  tempora  frequentantes  :  purificatis  sensibus 
dignum  tibi  deferamus  obsequium.  Et  uelud  florum 
uarietate  piis  uernantes  studiis  sarcina  carnis  deposita  cum 
odore  bonorum  operum  in  celesti  ierusalem  eidem  filio 
tuo  domino  nostro  ualeamus  occurrere.  Qui  tecum  uiuit 
et  regnat. 

1  Missale  Sarum,  col.  255. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  |8l 

oracio.  Harl.  MS. 

ens'  cuius  11 1  ins  pro  salute  generis  liumaui  de  celo 
descendit  ad  terras,  et  appropinquante  liora  passion  is  sue 
in  ierosolimam  in  asino  sedens  uenire.  et  a  turbis  rex 
appellari  ac  laudari  uoluit.  Bencdicere  ^  dignare  hos 
palmas  eeterarumque  frondium  ramos  :  ui  omnes  qui  eos 
laturi  sunt,  ita  benediccionis  tue  done  repleantur  quatinus 
et  in  hoc  seculo  antiqui  hostis  temptamenta  superare  et  in 
futuro  cum  palma  uictorie  et  fruetu  /  bonorum  operum  fo.  4887;. 
ualeant  tibi  apparere.     per  eundem. 

oracio. 

LJeus1  qui  dispersa  congregas  et  congregata  conseruas. 
qui  populis  tuis  obuiam  ihesu  ramos  portantibus  benedixisti 
lKvne>J«dic  eciam  et  hos  ramos  palmarum  atque  arborum 
quos  tui  famuli  ad  nominis  tui  benediccionem  suseipiunt. 
ut  in  quemcunque  locum  introducti  fuerint  tuam  bene»J< 
diccionem  habitatores  illius  loci  omnes  consequantur  ita  ut 
omni  aduersa  ualitudine  effugata  :  dextera  tua  protegat 
quos  redemit.     per  eundem. 

Hie  aspergatur  aqua  benedicta  et  \ad\oleatur  thus  postea 
subiungatur  oracio. 

Dominus  uobiscum 

V_Jmnipotens2  sempiterne  deus  qui  dominum  nostrum 
ihesum  cliristum  hodierna  die  super  pullum  asine  sedere 
fecisti.  et  turbas  populorum  uestimenta  uel  ramos  arborum 
in  uia  sternere  et  osanna  decantare  in  laudem  ipsius 
docuisti  :  da  quesumus  ut  illorum  innocenciam  immitari 
possimus  et  eorum  meritum  consequi  mereamur.  per 
eundem. 

post  hec  diuidantur  floras        *         *  * 

Dominica  in  rumis  palmarum  flat  missa  niatutiiiatis  dc  fo.  134W. 
ipsa  dominica  cum   una  cottccta.    et  sine  pussionc  set  cum 
emangelio  quodi  legatur  ad  matutinas  ad  priuatas  missus 

'   Missale  Sarum,  col.  256. 
Missale  Ebor.  i.  85. 

1  See  the  Durham  Breviary,  Harl.  4664,  fo.  73-  1'  appears  to  be  ihe 
gospel  for  thf  firsi  Sunday  in  Advent,  Cum  appropinquasset.  See  above, 
p.  179. 


1 82  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Hari.  MS.  similiter  dicatur    una    collecta.       Passionem    uero    nullus 
5  legat:    nisi  f rater  qui  infirm  is    cantat.       Expleta    missa 

Fo.  135-  matutinali.  fiat  benediccio  salis  /  et  ague,  et  aspersa 
aqua  dictaque  oracione.  Exaudi  nos.  ut  solet  incipiat 
sacerdos  horam.  Qua  percantata  :  accedat  subdiaconus 
manipulam  in  brachio  habens  et  sine  tunica  et  legat  ante 
gradus  pauimenti  sine  titulo  leccionem  Venerunt  filij  israel 
in  helym.  quere  leccionem  hanc  et  cetera  que  pertinent  ad 
benediccionem  palmarum  in  fine  libri.* 

hits  ita  peractis :  distribuantur  rami  palmarum  et  frondes 
aliarum  arborum.     Interim  incipiat  cantor.   A\ntiphona\ 

Pueri  hebreornm. 

postea  exeant  ad  processionem  sicut  plenius  notatur  in 
ordinali. 

facta  autem  stacione  et  finitis  kit's  que  cani  debent  ad 
nutum  cantoris  accedat  diaconus  dalmatica  indutus  et  petita 
benediccione  ab  episcopo  si  presens  fuerit :  analog[i]um 
incenset.  et  legat  evoangelium  sequens  scilicet  Turba  multa. 
ad  quod  ewangelium  preferantur  textus  ewangeliorum  et 
luminaria  et  incensum.  Delude  fiat  sicut  continetur  in 
ordinali.*  ewangelium  Secundum  Iohannem 

Turba  multa  &c. 

[In  Cena  Domini.] 

to.  488^.      r  In  cena  domini  dictis  vij.  psalmis  penitentialibus  cum 
A[ntiphona\ 

Ne  reminiscaris. 

et  cetera,    sequitur. 

Kyrieleison. 
fo.  489.  Pater  /  noster. 

qua  dicta  :  surgat  prior  uel  sacerdos  dicens  ante  altare. 

Et  ne  nos  inducas. 

Tu  mandasti  mandata  tua  domine. 

Domine  non  secundum  peccata  nostra  facias  nobis. 

Saluos  fac  seruos  tuos. 

Conuertere  domine  usquequo. 

Esto  eis  domine  turris  fortitudinis. 

Mitte  eis  domine  auxilium  de  sancto. 

Domine  exaudi  oracionem  meam. 

Dominus  uobiscum. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  183 

A.  .  .....  .  .  Hart.  Ms. 

desto1   clomine  supplicaciombus   nostris :   et   me  qui      5289. 

eciam  misericordia  tua  primus  indigeo  clementer  exaudi  et 

quern  non  eleccione  meriti.  set  done  gracie  tue  constituisti 
operis  huius  ministrum  da  liduciam  tui  muneris  exequendi. 
et  ipse  in  nostra  ministerio  quod  tue  pietatis  est  operare. 
per  dominum. 

oracio. 

I  resta2  quesumus  domine  famulis  tuis  dignum  peni- 
tencie  fructum  :  ut  eeelesie  tue  sancte3  a  cuius  integritate 
deuiarant  peeeando  :  admissorum  reddantur  innoxij  ueniam 
consequendo.      per  christum. 

Alia  oracio. 

LJeus-'  humani  generis  benignissime  conditor  et  miseri- 
cordissime  reformator.  qui  hominem  inuidia  diaboli  ab 
eternitate  deiectum  unigeniti  filij  tui  sanguine  redemisti. 
uiuifica  hos  famulos  tuos  quos  tibi  /  nullatenus  mori  fo.  4891-. 
desideras  :  et  qui  non  derelinquis  deuios.  assume  cor- 
rectos.  Moueant  pietatem  tuam  quesumus  domine  horum 
famulorum  tuorum  lacrimosa  suspiria.  tu  eorum  medere 
uulneribus.  tu  iaeentibus  manum  porrige  salutarem.  ne 
ecclesia  tua  aliqua  sui  corporis  porcione  uastetur.  ne  grex 
tuus  detrimentum  sustineat.  ne  de  familie  tue  dampno 
inimicus  exultet  :  ne  renatos  lauacro  salutari  mors  secunda 
possideat.  Tibi  ergo  domine  supplices  preces  tibi  fletum 
cordis  effundimus.  tu  parce  confitentibus  :  ut  sic  in  hac 
mortalitate  peccata  sua  te  adiuuante  defleant  :  quatinus  in 
tremendi  iudicii  die  sentenciam  dampnacionis  eterne 
euadant.  et  ne  sciant  quod  terret  in  tenebris.  quod  stridet 
in  flammis.  et  ab  errorum  uia  ad  iter  iusticie  iam  reuersi  : 
nequaquam  ultra  nouis  uulneribus  saucientur  :  per 
christum. 


oracio. 


Propiciare  domine  trementibus  atque  supplicibus  sub 
sentencie  tue  expectacione.  et  ad  humilitatem  iacencium 
sulleuandam   dexteram    salutis   extende  :    nobis  semis  tuis 


'  Misaale  Sarum,  col.  398.     Missale  Ebor.  i.  95. 
Missale  Ebor.  i.  95. 
WViim.  adds  hen  reconciliati. 


184  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Harl.  MS.  quesumus  apostolice  potestatis  claues  /  sacerdotalis  officii 
fo.4go.  ministros.  non  eleccione  meriti  set  dono  gracie  tue 
constituisti  :  da  fiduciam  tanti  muneris  exequendi.  et  ipse 
in  nostro  ministerio  quod  tue  potestatis  est  operare. 
Agnosce  piissime  pastor  oues  tue  redempcionis  :  et  con- 
strictos  uinculis  peccatorum  ecclesie  tue  precibus  exoratus 
absolue  redeant  ad  unitatem  ecclesie  tue.  et  post  illam 
diram  inopisexilii  famem  redeuntes.  ueste  splendida  ornati 
paterno  gaudeant  receptos  se  esse  conuiuio.  Nichil  de 
honore  adopcionis.  nichil  de  hereditatis  sorte  perdiderint 
set  integrum  sit  eis  atque  perpetuum  :  et  quod  gracia  tua 
contulit :  et  quod  misericordia  reformauit.      per  eundem. 

oracio. 

LJeus1  misericors  deus  clemens  qui  secundum  multitu- 
dinem  miseracionum  tuarum  peccata  delinquencium  deles, 
et  preteritorum  criminum  culpas  ueniam  remissionis 
euacuas.  respice  super  hos  famulos  tuos:  remissionem  sibi 
omnium  peccatorum  suorum  tota  cordis  confessione 
poscentes  deprecatus  exaudi  renoua  in  eis  piissime  pater 
quicquid  terrena  fragilitate  corruptum.  uel  quicquid  dia- 
fo.  490^.  bolica  fraude  uiolatum  /  est :  et  in  unitate  corporis 
ecclesie  tue  membrorum  perfecta  remissione  restitue. 
Miserere  domine  gemituum.  miserere  lacrimarum  et  non 
habentes  fiduciam  nisi  in  tua  misericordia:  ad  sacramentum 
reconsiliacionis  admitte.     per  christum  dominum. 

oracio. 

IVlaiestatem1  tuam  domine  supplices  deprecamur  :  ut 
hiis  famulis  tuis  longo  squalore  penitencie  maceratis 
miseracionis  tue  ueniam  largiri  digneris  ut  nupciali  ueste 
recepta  :  ad  regalem  mensam  unde  eiecti  fuerant  mereantur 
introire.     per. 

oracio. 

LJominus1  ihesus  qui  discipulis  suis  dixit,  quecumque 
ligaueritis  super  terram  erunt  ligata  et  in  celis.  et  que- 
cumque solueritis  super  terram  :    erunt  soluta  et  in  celis. 

'   Missale  Ebor.  i.  96. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  1S5 

Do  quorum  numero  quamuis  me  indignum  et  peccatorem  Hari.  MS. 
ministrum  tamen  esse  uoluit.  Intercedente  eiusdem  dei 
gen i trice  tnaria  cum  omnibus  'Sanctis:  ipse  vos  absoluat 
per  ministerium  meum.  ut  ah  omnibus1  peccatis  uestris 
quecumque  cogitacione.  aut  locucione.  aut  operacione 
negligenter  egistis  atque  a  uinculis  peecatorum  uestrprum 
absolutes  :  perducere  digneturad  regnum  celorum. 

1 1  bsolucio. 

/\.bsolucionema  et  remissionem  omnium  peecatorum 
uestrorum  percipere  merea  mini  bic  et  ineternum.     amen.  fo.  491. 

[In  Sabbato  Sancto.] 

■  ///  sancto  sabbato  pasche  dicta  nana  cant  fratres  in 
dormitorium    a   quo    reuertentes   pergant   ad   lauatorium. 

Dcindc  />a/xatis  tabu/is  ad  missani  :  in  chorum  conucniant 
facientes  breuem  oracioncm  et  post  induantur  onmes  a/bis 
para/is  et  in  cJwnim  redeant.  Hiis  expletis  eant  ad  locum 
ubi  ignis  sacrari  debet  cantore  incipientc.  psalmum 

Miserere  mei  deus 

preccdentibus  portitoribus  cruets  et  aque  benedicte  et 
lanteme.  quant  feret  magister puerorum  qui  ebdoma[da]rius 
fuerit.  et  haste  et  thuribuli  uacui  eosque  sequatur.  Prior 
cum  stota  et  capa  net  saccrdos  qui  ce/ebraturus  est  sine 
capa.  set  cum  sto/a  et  manipula.  Dcindc  sequatur  cou- 
ncil t  us  preccdentibus  scnioribus.  jinito  psalmo  prcdicto  cum 

Gloria  patri 

subiungatur 

Kyrieleison.     Christeleison.     Kyreeleison 
Paler  noster 

deinde  subiungat  saccrdos 

Domtnus  uobiscum 

oracio. 

Lseus 3  qui  per  tilium  tuum  angularem  scilicet  lapidera 
caritatis  ignem  tuis  tidelibus  contulisti  productum  e. 
scilicet    nostris    profuturum     usibus    nouum    bunc    ignem 

'— '  Added  in  upper  margin  in  fourteenth  century  band. 

Miss. ile  Ebor.  i.  96. 
Missale  Ebor.  i.  1 10. 
4  Read,  productum  e  silice. 


l86  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

HarljMS.  sanctifica.    et   concede    nobis    ita    per  hec   festa    paschalia 
fo.  49/7'.    celestibus    desideriis    inflammari.    ut    ad    perpe/tua    festa 
purgatis  mentibus  pertingere  ualeamus.     per  eundem. 

oracio. 

Ueus  omnipotens.  deus  abraham.  deus  ysaac.  et  deus 
iacob  :  inmitte  in  hanc  creaturam  incensi  uim  odoris  tui 
uel  uirtutem.  ut  sit  seruis  tuis  uel  ancillis  munimen.  tutela- 
que  defensionis.  ne  intret  in  uisceribus  eorum  hostis. 
aditumque  et  sedem  aliquando  habere  possit. 

oracio. 

Uomine1  deus  noster  pater  omnipotens  lumen  indeficiens. 
conditor  omnium  luminum.  exaudi  nos  famulos  tuos  et 
benedic  hunc  ignem.  qui  tua  sanctificacione  atque  bene- 
diccione  consecretur.  tu  illuminans  omnem  hominem 
uenientem  in  hunc  mundum.  illumina  consciencias  cordis 
nostri  igne  tue  caritatis  :  ut  tuo  igne  igniti  :  tuo  lumine 
illuminati.  expulsis  a  cordibus  nostris  peccatorum  tenebris 
ad  uitam  te  illustrante  peruenire  mereamur  eternam.  per 
eundem  christum. 

oracio. 

L/omine2  sancte  pater  omnipotens  eterne  deus  bene- 
dicere  et  sanctificare  digneris  ignem  istum  quern  nos 
indigni  per  inuocacionem  unigeniti  filij  tui  domini  nostri 
fo.  492.  ihesu  christi  benedicere  presumimus  /  tu  clementissime  eum 
tua  benediccione  sanctifica.  et  ad  profectum  humani 
generis  prouenire  concede,     per  eundem. 

Sacrato  igne  aspergatur  aqua  benedicta.  et  de  carbon ibus 
illius  ignis  impleatur  thuribuliim  et  t/rure  iniecto  incenset 
ignem.  Deinde  accendantur  candele  in  hasta.  et  alia  in 
/anterna  et  cerei.  Hiis  ita  gestis  precedentibus  iunioribus 
reuertantur  sicut  solent  ferialibus  diebus  quando  processio 
agitur  precedentibus  duobus  fratribus  cantando  ympnum  : 
fnuentor  rutili.   conuentu  repetente  primum  uersuin. 

fo.   179.  /    *  *  * 

'   Missale  Sarum,  col.  3^5. 
Missale  Ebor.  i.  1 10. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  1N7 

/ N  sancto  sabato  pasche  dicta  nona  :  reuertantur  fratres  '-'..s,,. 
in  dormitorium  a  quo  descendentes  pergant  ad  lauatorium. 
Deinde  pulsatis  tabu/is  ad  missam  in  chorum  conueniant 
facientes  breuem  oracionem  et  post  induant  se  omnes  albis 
paratis  :  et  in  chorum  redeant.  I  His  gestis  cunt  ad  locum 
ubi  ignis  sacrari  debet,  cantore  incipiente  Psalmum 

Miserere 

cum 

Gloria  patri. 
Kyrieleison. 

Pater  no.ster. 

precedentibus  portitoribus  cruets  ct  aquc  benedicte  et 
lanteme  qua  in  ferret  magister  pucrorum  qui  ebdomadarius 
est  et  haste  et  thuribuli  uacui.  eosque  sequatur.  Prior  cum 
stola    et   capa    net   sacerdos    qui        celcbra turns    est    sine fo.  179V. 

cupci  set  cum  stola  et  manipula.  Deinde  sequatur  conuentus 
precedentibus  senioribus.  Sacrato  igne  uspergatur  aqua 
benedicta.  et  de  carbonibus  i/lius  ignis  impleatur  t/iuribulum 
et  thure  iniecto  incenset  ignem.  Deinde  accendantur  can  dele 
in  hasta  et  alia  in  Ian  tenia  et  cerei.  Ad  hanc  enim  pro- 
cessional! portantur  candelabra  cum  cereis  non  illuminatis 
usque  scilicet  ad  locum  ubi  benedicitur  ignis  ubi  illuminantur 
omnes  candele.  Hiis  ita  gestis  precedentibus  iunioribus 
reuertantur  sicut  solent  ferialibus  diebus  quando  processio 
agitur  precedentibus  conuentum  duobus  fratribus  cantando 
ympnum 

Inuentor  rutili. 

conuentu  repetente  primum  uersum. 

Cum  conuentus  in  chorum  uenerit  ipsi  qui  ympnum 
cantant  ad  gradus  cant  ibique  unuin  uersum  uel  quantum 
canton'  uisum  fuerit  canant.  Jinito  cantu  si  episcopus 
presens  fuerit  sedan  suam  intrel  cum  capa  et  mitra. 
c.xpectans  donee  ueniat  ante  cum  benediccionem  petens  is 
qui  cereum  consecrare  debet,  si  uero  absens  fuerit  episcopus. 
prior  ucl  is  qui  missam  celebrat  statim  cum  processio 
intrat  ecc/esiam  ad  reuestiarium  eat  cum  co  qui  cereum  fo.  1S0. 
benedicturus  est.  ibique  sol/empniter  uestiti  procedant  ad 
allure,  ibique  diaconus  petal  benediccionem  ab  eo  qui  celebrat 


l88  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Had.  MS.  c(  benedicat  cereum.  Cum  tcmpus  fuerit :  defcretur  ei 
9'  thuribulum.  silicet  cum  dixerit.  Suscipe  sancte.  et  incenset 
cereum*  set  prius  celebraturus  incensum  ponat.  et  cum 
dictum  fuerit.  Rut  Hans  ignis,  accendatur.  benediccione  per- 
acta,  diaconus  deposita  ibi  dalmatica  ad  altare  redeat. 
Cereus  uero  uon  extinguatur  usque  in  eras tin um  post 
uesperas.  Benediccione  itaque  peracta  exeat  episcopus  si 
celebrare  uoluerit  cum  eo  qui  cereum  consecrauit  et  priore 
et  archideacono.  et  ceteris  clericis  episcopi  ad  preparandum 
se.  et  statim  inchoetur.  leccio  j".  lecciones  legantur  sine 
titulo  in  capis.  Episcopus  uero  sollempniter  uestitus. 
diaconus  sine  dalmatica.  Prior  et  archidiaconus  in  capis. 
et  ceteri  uestiti  procedant  ad  altare. 

leccio  prima. 

IN1  principio  creauit  deus  celum  et  terram  ....     Et 
fo.  i8oj'.  uidit   deus    lucem  /  quod    esset    bona    ....    secundum 

fo.  181.  Specjem  suam  /  uidit  deus Et  fac/tum  est  uespere 

fo.  182 et  escam  /  et  cunctis ab  uniuerso  opere 

quod  patrarat. 

oremus. 

LJeus2  qui  mirabiliter  creasti  hominem.  et  mirabilius 
redemisti  :  da  nobis  quesumus  contra  oblectamenta  peccati 
mentis  racione  persistere.  ut  mereamur  ad  gaudia  eterna 
peruenire.     per. 

leccio  ij. 

fo.  182?'.       F  actum   est  in    uigilia ad    egypcios    /    super 

currus   ....     Tunc  cecinit  moyses  et  filii  israel  carmen 
hoc  domino  :  et  dixerunt3 

Tractus 

V_^aiitemu.s  domino  gloriose  enim  honoiificatus  est  equum  et  ascensorem 
proiecit  in  mare. 

V.       Adiutor  et  protector  factus  est  mihi  in  salutem. 

V.       Hie  deus  mens  et  honorabo  eum  deus  patris  mei  et  exaltabo  eum. 


1  Genes,  i.  1 — 31  ;  ii.  1 — 2. 
-  Missale  Sarum,  eol.  344. 
"■  Exod.  xiv.  24 — 31  ;  xv.  i. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  I  89 

V.      Dominus  conterens  bella  dominus  nomen  est  illi.  Harl.  MS. 

Iste  tractus  cantefur  a  duobus  in  albis  similiter  et  tres  fo.  183. 
seqttentes. 

oracio. 

Ueus1  cuius  antiqua  mfracula  eciam  nostris  seculis 
choruscare  scntimus  :  dum  quod  uni  populo  a  persecucionc 
egypcia  liberando  dextere  tue  potencia  contulisti.  id  in 
salutem  gencium  per  aquam  regeneracionis  opcraris  : 
presta  ut  in  abrahe  filios.  et  in  israeliticam  dignitatem. 
tocius  mundi  transseat  plenitude,     per. 

leccio  iij. 

/Vpprehendent2  septcm   mulieres    .    .    .    spiritu  ardoris. 
et  creabit    .    .    .    absconsionem  a  turbine  et  a  pluuia.  fo.  1831: 

Tractus. 

\J  Inea  facta  est  dilecto  in  cornu  in  loco  uberi. 

V.  Et  maceriam  circumdedit  et  circumfodit  et  plantauit  uineam  soretfa 
et  edificauit  turrim  in  medio  eius. 

V.      Et  torcular  fodit  in  ea  uinea  enim  domini  sabaoth  domus  israel  est. 

oracio. 

LJeus^  qui  nos  ad  celebrandum  paschale  sacramentum 
utriusque  testamenti  paginis  instruis.4  da  nobis  intelligere 
misericordiam  tuam  :  ut  ex  percepcione  presencium 
munerum  :  firma  sit  exspectacio  futurorum.      per. 

leccio  Hi/. 

Iiec5  est  hereditas  seruorum   domini   ....    laborem 
uestrum  non     in  saturitate  ....   sic  erit   uerbem    meum  fo.  184. 
quod  egredi  etur  de  ore  meo.      Dicit  dominus  omnipotens.   fo.  184V. 

Tractus. 

/xttende  celum  et  loquar  audiat  terra  uerba  ex  ore  meo. 

V.  Exspectetur  sieul  pluuia  eloquium  meum  et  descendant  sicut  ros 
uerba  mea. 


1  Missale  Ebor.  i.  118.  -'  Isaiae  iv.  1 — 6. 

Missale  Ebor.  i.  119.  *  imbuisti  :  Sarum,  Ebor, 

[saiae  liv.  17 — lv.  1-11, 


190  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Harl.  MS.         V.       Sicut  ymher  super  gramma  et   sicut  nix  super  fenum  quia  nomcn 
5289.       domini  inuocabo. 

V.  Dale  inagnitudinem  '  deo  nostro  deus  uerax  opera  eius  et  uie  eiiis 
iudicia. 

V  .       Deus  fideliy  in  quo  non  est  iniquitas  iustus  et  sanctus  dominus. 

oracio. 

IJeus2  qui  ecclesiam  tuam  semper  gencium  uocacione 
multiplicas.  concede  propicius  :  ut  quos  aqua  baptismatis 
abluis.  continua  proteccione  tuearis.     per. 

leccio  v. 

/Audi  israel  3  mandata  uite  .  .  .  oculorum  et  pax. 
fo.  185.  /  Ouis  inuenit  .  .  .  possessionis  eius.  /  .  .  .  .  et  Magnus 
%'  l8ol'"  israel   e/lecto  suo.      Post  hec  super  terram  uisus  est :   et 

IO.     I  b6.  '  r 

cum  hominibus  conuersatus  est. 

Tractus. 

Oicut  eeruus  desiderat  ad  f'ontes  aquarum  ita  desiderat  anima  mea  ad 
te  deus. 

V.  Sitiuit  anima  mea  ad  deum  uiuum  quando  ueniam  et  apparebo 
ante  faciem  dei  mei. 

V.  Fuerunt  mihi  laerime  mee  panes  die  et  nocte  dum  dieitur  miehi  per 
singulos  dies  ubi  est  deus  tuns. 

oracio. 

Omnipotens  sempiterne  deus  respice  propicius  ad 
deuocionem  populi  renascentis  :  qui  sicut  eeruus  aquarum 
tuarum  expetit  fontem  :  et  concede  propicius  ut  fidei  ipsius 
sitis  baptismatis  misterio  animam  corpusque  sanctificet. 
per. 

finita  ultima  oracione :  exeat  episcopus  sicut  intrauit. 
Cantor  uero  uocatis  ad  se  tribus  tie  I  quatuor  fra  tribus 
incipiat  leta?iiam  in  capis.  trinos  sanctos  de  quolibet  ordine 
sumentes.  Si  autem  episcopus  absens  fuerit :  cum  incipitur 
tetania  is  qui  celebrat  cum  diacono  inuestiat.  descendat  et 
deposita   casula   et  stola   intret   in    chorum    set  prior  non 

1  magnificentiam  :  Ebor. 

2  Missale  Ebor.  i.  1 19. 

3  Baruch  iii.  9  38. 


DURHAM    MISSAL.  191 

incepta  tetania:  fratres  accedant  ad  formas  sicut  in  xij.  |Iarl- Ms- 
leccionibus.     Ad  singula  sanctorum  nomtna  chorus  inclinet. 

can  tores  ad  nullum.  Cum  dixcrint  Omnes  sancti.  c.xeant  fo.  186. 
omncs  qui  ad  missam  sint  seruituri.  cum  dixcrint. 
Accendite.  accendantur  luminaria.  Accendite.  tribus  uicibus 
alta  uocc  pronunciula  intrct  episCQpUS  cum  ministris  suis 
sollcmpnitcr  indutis  ct  clcricis  suis  in  capis  ucl  co  abscnte 
saccrdos  cum  ministris  suis.  ct  incipiat  cantor  festiue 
Kyrieleison 

post  Kyrieleison  incipiatur  Gloria  in  excelsis  dec  nicensctur 
altare  ct  pulscutur  omnia  signa  ad  Kyrieleison  ct  Gloria  in 
excelsis  ct  Alleluia   stct  tolas  conucntus 

oracio. 


1  /eus  qui  banc  sacratissimam  noctem. 


|de  s.  cuthberto] 

Feria  v"  de  caritate  ojficium  f°-  4^7- 

Karitas  dei  diffusa  est. 
[At  end  of  postcommunion  follows] 

Sed  secundum  consuetudinem   dunclm.   ecclesie  in  omni  fo.  428. 
feria  v"  uacante  per  annum  exceptis  aduentu,  Ixx"    et  xl" 

celebratur  de  sancto  cuthberto  ojficium 

Statuit  ei. 

[feria  vi  de  cruce 
sabbato  de  sancta  maria] 


WORKS    MOST    FREQUENTLY    QUOTED    IN    THE 
FOLLOWING    NOTES. 

TITLK.  QUOTED    AS 

Account  Rolls  of  Durham  Abbey.     Surtees  Soc.     Durham, 

1898—1901  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...     Rolls. 

Billings,  R.  W.  Architectural  Illustrations  and  Descrip- 
tion of  the  Cathedral  Church  at  Durham.  London, 
1843        ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...     Billings. 

Bradshaw,   Henry,   and    Wordsworth,   Chr.      Statutes  of 

Lincoln  Cathedral.     Camb.,  1892 — 97  ...  ...     B.  and  W. 

Carter,  John.     Plans,  Elevations,  etc.,  with  some  Account 

of  the  Cathedral  Church  of  Durham.      Lond.,  1801...      Carter. 

Greenwell,  W.,  M.A.,  etc.    Durham  Cathedral.     Durham, 

1 897        ...  ...  . .  ...  ...  ...      Greenwell. 

Hutchinson.       History,    etc.,    of   Durham.       Newcastle, 

1785 — 94  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...      Hutchinson. 

Lanfranc.  Decreta  pro  ordine  S.  Benedicti,  printed  in 
Reyner,  211 — 254;  in  Wilkins,  I,  328 — 361  ex  MS.  ; 
Dunelm.  B.  iv.  24,  fo.  47  ;  and  in  Migne,  P.L.  150, 
443  ff.  (c.  A.D.  1220)  ...  ...  ...  ...      Lanfranc. 

Legg,  J.  Wickham,  and  Hope,  W.  H.  St.  John.  Inven- 
tories of  Christ  Church,  Canterbury.  Westminster, 
1902        ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...     L.  and  H. 

Pugin,   A.     W.      Glossary   of  Ecclesiastical    Ornament, 

etc.     London,  1844  ...  ...  ...  ...     Pugin. 

Raine,  James,    M.A.        A     Brief    Account    of    Durham 

Cathedral,  etc.     Newcastle,  1833  ...  ...      Raine,  Br.  Ace. 

Raine,  James,  M.A.     Saint  Cuthbert.      Durham,  1828   ...     Raine,  St.  Cuth. 

Reynerus,  Clem.     Apostolatus  Benedictinorum  in  Ang-lia. 

Duaci,    1626         ...  ...  ...  ...  ...     Reyner. 

Rock,   Daniel,   D.D.      Church   of  our   Fathers.       Lond., 

1849       ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ..      Rock. 

Scriptores   Trcs.     Surtees  Soc.      Lond.,  1839     ...  ...     Scr.  Tres. 

Wilkins,  D.      Concilia  Magnse  Britannise  et  Hiberniae. 

Lond.,  1737  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...      Wilkins. 

Wordsworth,  Chr.     Notes  on  Mediaeval  Services.     Lond.,  ; 

1808       ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...      Wordsw. 


NOTES     ON     THE     TEXT. 


i,  pp.  1—3. 

Written  1503],     So  also  MS.  H.  44,  and  see  below,  cb.  xv,  p.  29;  also  App. 

VIM,  p.  161. 
The  g  altars].  The  eastern  transept  of  Durham  Cathedral  has  received  this 
name  from  the  nine  altars  that  originally  stood  in  it.  There  is  a 
similar  eastern  addition  at  Fountains  Abbey,  of  somewhat  earlier 
date,  called  Novem  a/taria  in  the  Chronicles  of  the  Abbey,  but 
unaccountably  termed  "The  Lady  Chapel"  in  the  earlier  editions  of 
VValbran's  Guide.  Each  of  the  nine  altars  at  Durham,  save  that  of 
St.  Michael,  had  a  dedication  in  honour  of  two  saints,  as  stated  in  the 
text.  In  connexion  with  the  building-,  see  App.  VI,  particularly  Nos. 
I,  11,  p.  148.  Five  of  the  altars  were  dedicated  16  Kal.  Jul.  (June  16), 
1253,  Xo.  viii,  p.  151. 
front  or  highest  part].  The  eastern  wall  of  the  "Nine  Altars,"  on  the 
internal  face  of  which  may  still  be  seen  the  string-course  rising  from 
the  bases  of  the  vaulting-shafts  to  the  tops  of  the  altars.  —  Billings,  PI. 
xvii,  xx,  lxiv,  Ixvii.  The  expression  "  in  fronte  "  is  used  in  the  same 
way  as  it  is  here,  in  Indulgences,  Nos.  VIII,  XVIII,  xxxi,  App.  VI,  pp. 
'5*i  »53i  '54- 
the  altar  of  St  John  Baptist  &  St  Margarett\.  A  missal  that  belonged  to 
this  altar  still  exists  (MS.  Harl.  5289;  see  App.  XI,  p.  172).  In  it 
is  an  inventory  of  the  goods  belonging  to  the  altar,  which  may  give 
an  idea  as  to  what  the  others  had.  See  Appendix  X,  p.  171.  This 
altar  and  that  of  St.  Andrew  and  St.  Mary  Magdalene  were 
dedicated  7  Kal.  Jan.  (St.  Stephen's  Day),  1274;  see  Indulgence  No. 
xxxi,  App.  VI,  p.  154. 
an  Ambry  set].  The  expression  points  to  a  wooden  construction  ;  there 
is  no  recess  in  the  wall  at  this  point,  but  the  stone  bench  has  been  cut 
away.  For  other  wooden  almeries  not  enclosed  in  walls,  see 
chapters  11,  XVII,  XXII,  xxxix,  XL.  There  must  have  been  many  such 
almeries  in  all  churches,  and  some  few  have  remained,  as  those  at 
Selby,  which  are  on  the  north  side  of  the  high  altar.  These  have 
vertical  sliding  doors  ;  there  is  also  a  long  almery,  with  a  hinged  door, 
fov  the  abbot's  crosier  or  for  the  processional  cross.  In  the 
small  vestry  behind  Bishop  Fox's  altar  in  his  chapel  at  Winchester 
are  small  almeries  or  cupboards,  the  fronts  of  which  are  ornamented 
with  the  linen  pattern.  Behind  the  high  altar  of  the  same  church  is 
the  base  of  a  long,  narrow  cupboard  entered  by  a  door  at  either  end. 
It  is  of  stone,  16  ft.  9  ins.  long,  and  1  ft.  10  ins.  deep,  and  was 
evidently  a  relic-cupboard  with  grates  in  front  like  one  in  the  north 
transept  at  Gloucester.  Ox\  the  relic-cupboard  formerly  at  Canter- 
bury, see  L.  and  H.,  37,  39,  82.  On  the  almeries  formerly  in  the 
Galilee,  see  below. 
Singing-breacis\.  The  wafer-bread  used  in  the  celebration  of  mass,  which 
was  commonly  sung,  though  often  said.  This  bread  was  made  in 
thin,  coin-like,  round  cakes  like  what  are  now  used,  with  some  sacred 
symbol  impressed  upon  each  one.      The}   were  carefully  dried,  rather 

l3 


194  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

than  baked,  between  the  "  obley-irons,"  which  were  irons  that  closed 
upon  them  and  gave  the  impress.  Some  of  the  breads  were  made 
larger,  to  be  used  by  the  priest  alone  ;  the  smaller  were  for  the 
communion  of  the  people.  In  the  accounts  of  the  Prioress  of  Pray  (S. 
Maria  de  Pratis),  near  St.  Albans  (Dugd.,  Mon.,  1817-1830,  III,  359) 
we  find  "  pd.  for  howselyng  brede  synging  brede  and  wyne  vd.  ob.  " 
From  this  it  has  been  inferred  that  singing-bread  was  the  priest's  host, 
and  houseling  bread  that  which  was  given  to  the  people.  This 
distinction  may  have  been  sometimes  made,  but  certainly  "singing- 
bread  "  was  a  term  used  of  all  altar-bread  both  before  and  for  some 
time  after  the  Reformation,  and  even  to  denote  wafers  for  sealing 
letters.  So  the  French  oublie,  a  wafer,  is  from  oblata,  an  obley  or 
host.  (Rock,  I,  153 — 156;  Scudamore,  Notitia  Eucharistica,  part  II, 
ch.  xv,  sect.  ii).  In  the  west  wall  of  the  south  transept  of  Durham 
Cathedral  is  a  fireplace  supposed  to  have  been  used  for  heating  the 
obley-irons.  It  is  not  mentioned  in  Rites.  See  further  in  a  note  on 
ch.  xvi,  p.  218.  Part  of  the  chimney  that  belonged  to  the  fireplace 
in  the  destroyed  vestry  of  the  Lady  chapel  at  Winchester  still 
remains.  An  oven  exists  in  the  vestry  at  Hulne,  and  in  that  of  St. 
Peter  Mancroft,  Norwich.  In  a  large  room  at  Castle  Acre,  supposed 
to  have  been  the  Sacrist's  checker,  was  found  a  fireplace  with  an 
oven  at  the  side,  1  foot  in  diameter,  having  a  domed  roof  16  inches 
high. — Norfolk  Archceology ,  XII,  123.  Obleys  were  sometimes  bought 
ready  made.  In  1545  we  find  a  payment  at  Durham  "Roberto 
Hackett  pro  hostiis  consecr.  1200,  xij<f.,"  and  again  to  him  "for 
fower  hovndrith  breydes,  w]d."  See  above,  p.  97,  and  Rolls 
under  Hosts,  Obleys,  Singing-breads.  There  are  very  minute 
directions  for  the  making  of  obleys  in  Lanfranc,  cap.  vi,  and  in  the 
Consuetudinary  of  Abbot  Ware  (end  of  13th  century). — Cotton  MS. 
Otho,  C.  xi,  cap.  vi,  fo.  34.  See  also  Sir  E.  M.  Thompson's 
Customary  of  .  .  .  St.  Augustine's,  Canterbury,  and  St.  Peter's,  West- 
minster, H.  Bradshaw  Soc,  1902,  p.  119,  and  Alcuin  Club  Tracts,  I, 
third  ed.,  p.  68. 

a  /aire  marble  sto)ie\.  Neither  this  tombstone  nor  that  of  Bishop  Beck  now 
exists.  "When  the  church  was  flagged  after  an  uniform  plan, 
within  the  memory  of  persons  still  alive,  many  monumental  slabs, 
worth}'  of  preservation,  were  destroyed,  and  others  were  injudiciously 
removed  from  their  places  into  the  spaces  between  the  pillars  of  the 
nave  and  other  retired  corners  which  they  now  occupy." — Raine,  Br. 
Ace,  12. 

the  wall  beinge  broken].  The  writer  is  here  following  what  appears  to  have 
been  a  common  opinion  in  his  day,  but  the  doorway  referred  to,  now 
walled  up,  is,  like  the  one  at  the  opposite  end,  evidently  a  part  of  the 
original  design. 

allye\.  The  walk  immediately  west  of  the  eight  wainscot  partitions  that 
divided  this  entire  transept  into  nine  eastern  chapels.  It  turned  round 
eastward  at  either  end,  forming  "the  north  alley"  and  "the  south 
alley"  of  the  Nine  Altars. 

shrines].     Here  we  are  probably  to  understand  canopies. 

otter  head].  These  canopies  were  probably  flat  at  the  top,  with  some  sort 
of  cresting,  and  coved  or  vaulted  underneath,  like  that  of  Our  Lady's 
Altar  in  the  Galilee,  described  below. 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  1 95 

partition  of  wainscoft].  The  floor  has  been  renewed  and  raised,  and  there 
are  no  precise  indications  of  the  fixing  of  these  partitions.  At 
Fountains  there  were  perpent  walls  with  gabled  copings  ;  at  some 
late  period  these  were  replaced  by  wooden  screens  extending  west- 
ward to  a  long  parclose.  —Hope,  Fountains,  27,  30.  At  Rievaulx  the 
five  eastern  altars  were  divided  by  perpent  walls  of  stone,  continued 
westward  with  wood,  to  meet  a  great  cross  screen  or  parclose. — 
Rievaulx    Cartulary  (Suit.   Soc),    vol.   83,   pp.    cxi,   336.      For  similar 

arrangements  at  Abbey  Dore  and  Lincoln,  sec  Hope's  note. 

pictured  and  guilted\.  There  arc  remains  of  colour  about  the  stonework 
over  where  t ho  altars  stood. 

lockers  or  ambers].     Like  the  one  mentioned  above  ;  note,  p.  193. 

in  Ihc  wall].  There  are  three  square  recesses  to  the  left  of  three  of  the 
ahars.  As  the  sides  are  not  grooved,  they  probably  had  wooden 
linings  in  which  shelves  were  fixed.  For  the  corresponding  provision 
at  Fountains,  see  Hope,  30,  31. 

St  Katherns  window].  Mentioned  in  1545  as  "ye  windoo  in  the  Kateron 
whey  11." — Rolls,  727.  This  may  have  been  originally  wheel-shaped 
with  radiating  shafts,  like  others  of  the  period,  as,  for  example,  that  in 
the  north  transept  of  Beverley  Minster,  or  that  in  the  west  front  at 
Peterborough,  a  design  which  would  keep  in  mind  St.  {Catherine's 
Wheel.  The  glazing  was  done  at  a  cost  of  ^14,  given  by  Tho. 
Pikeringe,  rector  of  Hemingburgh,  1409-12. — Liber  Vita?,  115.  The 
present  stone-work  (36  lights)  was  made  by  Wyatt  in  1795,  and  the 
glazing  is  modern. 

24.  lights].  Either  this  is  a  mistake  for  thirty-six,  or  the  present  design  is 
different  from  that  which  preceded  it.  The  other  window,  in  which 
the  legend  was  represented,  is  described  again  below,  p.  1 19. 

as  shee  was  sett  uppon  the  wheele,  etc.].  See  Legenda  Aurea,  Leg.  CLXVII, 
according  to  which  account  she  was  afterwards  beheaded  with  a 
sword,  and  angels  carried  her  body  to  Mount  Sinai.  The  once 
popular  legend  of  St.  Katherine  is  still  contained  in  the  Roman 
Breviary  ;  it  is  given  more  fully  in  those  of  Sarum  and  York. 

cressctls  of  Earthen  met  tall].  Basins  of  earthen  material  standing  in  the 
iron  frame.  Stone  is  classed  as  "  mettell  "  in  ch.  XVII.  A  similar  use 
of  the  word  metal  has  survived  in  the  term  road-metal.  At  p.  24 
it  is  used  of  the  material  of  the  miraculous  Rood  of  Scotland.  Cressets 
were  often  made  of  stone,  a  square  block  having  from  four  or  five  to 
sixteen  (or  more?)  hemispherical  cavities  worked  in  it,  each  to 
contain  grease  and  a  wick.  Such  stone  cressets  were  used  in  the 
Lantern,  ch.  xui,  and  in  the  Dorter,  ch.  XXIII,  and  in  many  other 
places  about  the  Abbey.  See  Rolls,  Index  under  Cressets.  Such  have 
been  described  and  figured  by  Mr.  Lees  in  the  Cumberland  and 
Westmoreland  Transactions,  Vol.  Ill,  pp.  194 — 196;  see  also  Arch. 
Association  Journal,  XXII,  103.  There  are  cresset-stones  in  situ  in  the 
atrium  of  S.  Ambrogio,  Milan,  at  Lewannick  in  Cornwall,  and  one, 
not  in  situ,  at  Wool  Church,  Dorset  (Cornhill  Mag.  Nov.  1890,  p. 
193).      There  is  one    in    the  York   Museum,  also  a  fine  example   with 

nine  holes  at  Furness  Abbey      One  was  found  at  Waverley  in  1899, 


196  RITKS    OF    DURHAM. 

moveable,  for  four  lights.     Proc.  Soc.  Ant.  Lond.  2nd  Ser.  XVIII,  201. 

There  were  some  at  Abingdon.     Accounts,  Camd.  Soc,  61,  62,  87. 
south  alley  end].     The  end  of  the  Nine  Altars  where  the  south  alley  was, 

the  south  end  in  fact. 
St  Cuthberts  Window].     This  description  might  have  been  written  for  the 

St.   Cuthbert's   window   in   York    Minster,    on  which  see    Yks.   Arch. 

Journal,    IV,    249 — 376,   and   XI,    486 — 499.        Raine   gives    a    list    of 

armorial    bearings    noticed    in    the    tracery    of   these    windows    by 

Dugdale  in  1666. — Br.  Ace,  73. 
storye  ofjosepli].      Probably  including  the  New  Testament  anti-types. 

II,  pp.  3—7. 

feritoryc].  As  the  "Nine  Altars  "  transept  was  so  called  from  the  altars  it 
contained,  so  the  raised  enclosure  at  the  back  of  the  High  Altar  was 
called  the  "  Feretory,"  not  only  from  the  great  shrine  in  the  midst  of 
it,  but  from  any  others  that  were  kept  there,  as  at  Winchester,  and 
even  at  Gloucester,  where  they  had  no  great  shrine.  In  the  same 
way  the  term  "High  Altar"  has  often  been  applied  to  the  area  in 
which  the  holy  table  stands.     L.  and  H.,  251. 

quadrant  forme].  Quadrate  or  quadrilateral  ;  so  the  courts  or  yards  about 
Hulne  Abbey  are  said  in  a  survey  to  be  "of  quadrant  fashion." 

shrine].  The  great  shrine,  large  enough  to  contain  the  entire  body  and  the 
relics  kept  with  it.  There  were  such  at  Canterbury,  York, 
Winchester,  Oxford,  Bury,  St.  Albans,  and  Westminster.  That  at 
Westminster  was  restored  after  a  fashion  in  1556  ;  there  are  two 
representations  of  an  earlier  shrine  of  St.  Edward  from  a  13th  century 
MS.  in  Scott's  Gleanings,  1863,  pp.  136,  138.  The  stone  substructures 
of  the  two  at  St.  Albans,  and  portions  of  that  of  St.  Frideswide  in 
the  Cathedral  at  Oxford,  were  reconstructed  as  far  as  possible  a 
few  years  ago.  There  is  a  drawing  of  the  Canterbury  shrine  in 
Cotton  MS.  Lib.  E.  viii,  fo.  269,  engraved  in  Dugdale's  Monasticon 
and  elsewhere,  but  best  in  Stanley's  Memorials,  1865,  p.  228;  this  is, 
however,  considered  to  be  untrustworthy,  not  to  say  imaginary. 
There  are  some  good  representations  of  the  Durham  shrine  in  the 
nth  century  in  MS.  Univ.  Coll.  Oxon.  clxv,  one  of  which  is 
reproduced  in  Yks.  Arch.  Journal,  IV,  341.  It  shows  the  stone 
substructure  with  a  flowing  cloth  hanging  about  half  way  down,  on 
which  is  set  the  shrine  itself,  with  panelled  sides  and  imbricated  roof. 
The  Rolls  are  full  of  interesting  references  to  the  shrine.  See  the 
Index  thereto,  under  Shrine.  The  Purbeck  marble  ground-course  of 
the  substructure  was  recovered  trom  St.  Cuthbert's  grave  in  1899, 
and  is  now  lying  on  the  floor  of  the  Feretory.  This  formed  part  of 
the  "novum  opus  marmoreum  et  alabastrinum  sub  feretro  Sancti 
Cuthberti,"  for  which  John  Lord  Nevill  paid  more  than  200/.  of  silver, 
and  which  he  sent  in  chests  by  sea  to  Newcastle,  the  Prior  conveying 
it  by  waggons  to  Durham.     Scr.  Tres,  135  ;  Archceologia,  LVII,  n — 28. 

seatcs  or  places  conuenient].  Recesses  in  the  stone  or  marble  substructure 
on  which  the  shrine  proper  usually  stood. 

sittinge  on  theire  knees].  A  local  expression  for  kneeling.  To  bow  or  lean 
forward  as  in  curtseying  is  in  Durham  folk-speech  "to  kneel."  In  a 
Langholm  proclamation  it  was  said  "they  shall  sit  down  on  their  bare 


NOTES    ON    II IK   TEXT.  1 97 

knees"  (.V.  <■-  Q,  8th  S.  II.  (84).  In  the  Metrical  LifeofSt.  Cuthbert, 
I.  6241,  we  read  "  And  on  |>air  knees  I'.ii  sett  |>aim  doune,"  and  below, 
ch.  v,  "sittings  downe  uppon  his  knees  .  .  .  did  creepe  away  uppon 
his  knees"  ;  so  in  ch.  vi,  etc.  The  same  expression  is  used  in  the 
Kirk  Session  Records  of  Baltnerino  under  1649  and  1658,  quoted  in 
James  Campbell's  Baltnerino  and  its  Abbey,  205,  j  1  ;v 

euen  in  iheise  latter  day es\.    E.g.,  in  1502  ;  see  note  p.  211,  and  Scr.  Tres,  152. 

the  history  of  the  Church  at  large].  Mentioned  again  a  little  lower  clown, 
p.  6,  and  in  ch.  xxvii  (where  see  note),  and  ch.  XXVIII. 

a  little  altar].  As  was  usual.  Such  little  altars  are  represented  al  the  ends 
of  shrines  in  the  St.  Cuthbert's  and  St.  William's  windows  at  York. 
This  particular  one  is  described  as  "alt are  sancti  Cuthberti,  ad  caput 
sancti  Cuthberti  situatum." — Scr.  Tres,  App.,  p.  ccclxxxviii.  A  little 
altar  has  been  set  up  at  Westminster  at  tin-  bead  of  Si.  Edward's 
shrine  at  coronations.  A  permanent  altar,  in  Irish  black  marble,  was 
provided  for  the  coronation  of  Edward  VII,  under  the  direction  of 
.Mr.  J.  T.  Micklethwaite,  F.S.A. 

S'  Culhberts  day  in  lent].  March  20,  Which  always  fell  in  Lent,  as  Easter 
Day  cannot  fall  earlier  than  March  22.  The  other  feast  of  St. 
Cuthbert,  that  of  his  Translation,  was  on  Sept.  4. 

fralcr  house].      See  ch.  XXXIX. 

the  couer].  When  let  down,  it  would  rest  on  the  substructure  on  which  the 
shrine  stood. 

a  pully  wider  ye  Vanlt\.  The  pulley  may  have  been  fixed  in  a  hole  now 
visible  in  the  top  of  the  Vault,  immediately  east  of  the  middle  arch 
between  the  Choir  and  the  Nine  Altars.  The  "  rota  in  volt  a  "  is 
mentioned  in  Rolls,  p.  441. 

a  loope  of  Iron].  There  are  several  holes  in  the  pillar  ;  in  one  of  these  the 
loop  may  have  been  fixed. 

firmer  staves].     So  in  the  case  of  St.  Bede's  shrine.     See  ch.  Lit. 

Brattishing],  Properly  board-work,  a  wooden  parapet  ;  here  apparently  a 
cresting.  "Brandishing"  is  a  corrupt  form  of  "Brattishing."  See 
\.  E.  D. 

alt  eucry  corner  .  .  .  a  locke\.  There  were  probably  four  different  locks 
with  as  many  keys,  kept  by  four  persons. 

alnteryes  of  fine  wenscote].  The  marks  on  the  floor,  where  these  were  fixed, 
are  clearly  visible. 

all  the  holy  relieves].  There  are  lists  of  Durham  relics  in  Trin.  Coll.  Camb. 
MS.  O.  ,5,  35,  C.  1150,  which  formerly  belonged  10  Finchale,  in  MS. 
Eccl.  Ebor.  XVI,  1,  12,  printed  in  Scr,  Tres,  App.,  p.  ccccxxvi,  and  the 
Liber  de  Reliquiis  of  1383  in  MS.  Eccl.  Dunelm.  B.  11,  35,  printed  in 
Smith's  Bede,  p.  740  ;  Rolls,  425 — 440  ;  transl.  in  Raines  St.  Cuthbert . 
p.  I2i.     Some  of  the  most  important  of  the  relics  are  mentioned  in  the 

Anglo-Saxon  poem  De  Situ  Duneltni  printed  in  the  Surtees  Symeon, 

p.  153,  in  a  short  list  in  the  Rolls  edition  of  Symeon,  I.  [68  [c.  1150), 
ami  elsewhere.  For  a  Finchale  Inventory,  including  relics  preserved 
there,  A.D.    1481,  see   Ditrh.  Arch,  Soc.   Trans.,  IV,   134,  and    tor  other 

relic-lists,  Rolls,  953, 


198  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

french  p'eir].  A  name  for  the  Neville  screen,  ch.  in  ;  Billings,  PI.  xxviii — 
xxxiii.  Not  derived  from  its  being  supposed  to  be  made  of  Caen 
stone,  but  from  franche  peer,  free-stone,  superior  stone  (N.  E.  D.,  under 
Frees/one).  We  find  "  a  franche  botras  "  in  1412,  probably  a  buttress 
of  freestone. — Raine,  Catterick  Church,  1834,  p.  8.  Some  say  it  is 
Dorsetshire  chinch,  others  Bedfordshire  stone.  The  screen  was  made 
in  London,  and  brought  to  Newcastle  by  sea,  packed  in  boxes,  at  the 
expense  of  John  Lord  Neville,  who  had  contributed  £533  6s.  8d. 
towards  the  cost  of  it  ( 1 372-1 380).—  Scr.  Tres,  135,  136.  Rolls,  Index 
under  Reredos.  The  screen  and  its  alabaster  images  appear  to  have 
been  beautifully  painted  and  gilded.  Dr.  Raine  says  that  "  the  screen 
was  originally  painted  with  the  most  gaudy  colours." — Br.  Ace. ,  41. 
Traces  of  these  may  have  been  seen  when  the  whitewash  was  scraped 
off,  ib.,  but  no  remains  of  such  decoration,  which  may  have  been  done 
in  the  14th  or  in  some  later  century,  are  now  to  be  seen.  In  1380-81 
a  painter  of  Newcastle  was  paid  12^.  for  painting  one  of  St.  Cuthbert's 
birds  (the  Eider  ducks  of  the  Fame  Islands)  "pro  exemplare  pro  le 
Rerdos." — Rolls,  591.  In  MS.  Ebor.  XVI,  i,  fo.  i$v.,  is  a  short 
treatise  De  Avibus  S.  Cuthberti. 

2  dores].  One  on  either  side  of  the  high  altar,  to  give  access  to  or  from  the 
feretory,  as  at  Westminster,  Winchester,  St.  Albans,  etc.,  and  as  is 
usual.     So  again  in  the  case  of  the  Jesus  Altar,  ch.  XVII. 

the  irons}.  It  would  seem  that  there  was  some  sort  of  an  iron  railing  round 
the  raised  platform  called  the  Feretory.  In  like  manner  St. 
Thomas's  shrine  at  Canterbury  was  enclosed  by  a  grate.  Some 
time  after  the  dissolution  of  the  monastery  the  place  of  the  Durham 
grate  was  occupied  by  handsome  carved  oak  screen-work,  swept 
away  during  the  last  century,  when  so  much  valuable  woodwork 
was  destroyed.  A  portion  of  this  screenwork  is  preserved  in  ihe 
VJniversity  Library.  It  is  shown  complete  in  Billings,  PI.  lxvii.  The 
feretory  is  now  surrounded  by  a  modern  stone  coping. 

Ancient].     A  corruption  of  Ensign.     See  N.  E.  D. 

ye  battel  done].  That  of  Neville's  Cross  or  of  Durham,  fought  in  1346. 
See  ch.  xn,  xv. 

holy  rood  crosse].     See  also  ch.  XII,  XV. 

wrylhen].      Wreathed. 

loup  of  Iron].  There  is  no  pillar  immediately  under  St.  Catherine's  window, 
but  there  are  holes  in  the  pillars  near,  in  one  of  which  the  loop  may 
have  been  fixed. 

Ill,  pp.   7 — 10. 
the  antienl  history].     Probably  Scriptures   Tres.     See  the  next  note. 
Laordose}.     In    the    editions    "  Lardose,"   a   doublet   of  Reredos,    from    Fr. 

L'arriere  dos,  or,  as  in  Scr.  Tres,  136,  La  Reredos. 
to  the  middle  vault].  I.e.,  to  the  bottom  of  the  triforium. 
curtaines  or  hanginges].     The  curtains  called  riddels  or  costers,  that  hung 

originally  from   rods  between  four  pillars  at  the  corners  of  the  altar, 

or,  later,  on   rods  projecting,  as   in   this   case,  without  front  support. 

They  had  pairs  of  curtains  of  white  silk  and  of  linen  at  Canterbury. 

L.  and  H.  165. 


notes  o.n;  the  text.  199 

a  irvns fastened].  There  are  many  marks  and  holes  when-  irons  nave  been 
fastened,  and  among  these  are  two  which  may  have  served  for 
tin-  cahopy.  The  high  altar  here  mentioned  would  be  the  one  made 
in  13S0,  ami  dedicated  in  honour  of  SS.  Mary,  Oswald,  and  Cuthbert 
\S<r.  Tres,  136).  An  earlier  one,  consecrated  in  1240,  was  in  honour 
ofSt.  .Mary.      App.  VI,  No.  Ill,  p.   150. 

that  the  pix  did  hange  in  it].  The  Fix  or  Pyx  was  a  box  for  tin-  reser- 
vation of  the  Holy  Eucharist  ;  a  box  so  called  was  sometimes, 
however,  used  tor  singing-bread  ov  relics,  or  even  documents.  It 
was  made  of  some  precious  material,  as  gold,  silver,  beryl,  crystal, 
or  ivory,  in  well  appointed  churches,  but  there  were  in  some  churches 
11  full  simple  and  inhonesl  pixes,  specially  pixes  of  copper  and 
timber"  (Pugin,  s.v. ).  The  Sacrament  was  not  to  be  kept  in  a 
bursa  or  loculus,  but  in  a  fair  pix  with  fine  linen  inside  it,  which  pix 
was  directed  to  be  locked  up  in  a  "  tabernacle,"  which  appears 
sometimes  to  have  been  constructed  o(  wood,  and  sometimes  to 
have  been  a  locker  in  the  chancel  wall  near  the  altar.  The  common 
English  custom  of  suspending  the  pix  was  not  in  accordance  with 
the  above  direction  (contained  in  Peckham's  Constitution  Dig-nissi- 
nutm)  and  it  was  held  by  some  to  be  open  to  objection,  though 
having  its  advantages. — Lyndwood,  Provinciate,  lib.  Ill,  tit.  26  ;  ed. 
1679,  p.  248.  We  find  in  Rolls,  "  Corda  pro  Corpore  Xt'  pendente," 
179.  On  wall-lockers  as  "Sacrament-houses"  see  Walcott, 
Scot intonast icon,  33.  Such  Sacrament  lockers  are  pretty  common 
in  Scotland,  some  of  the  16th  century  being  enriched  by  appropriate 
sculpture  and  inscriptions.  They  are  usually  near  the  north  end 
of  the  east  side  of  the  chancel,  and  the  small  lockers  found  in 
English  churches  in  the  same  place,  or  in  the  east  wall,  may  possibly 
have  been  meant  for  the  same  use.  In  German}-  the  Sacrament  was 
kept  (in  later  times,  at  least)  in  a  lofty  tabernacle  on  the  north  side 
of  the  altar,  called  a  Sakramenthaus.  The  present  Roman  custom  is 
to  have  a  Tabernacle  at  the  back  of  the  altar. 

a  peUican\  There  was  a  "  pellican  "  .  .  .  "  feeding  her  yong  ones  with 
her  own  blood  "  in  the  Cathedral  church  in  the  17th  century  ;  see 
Cosin's  Correspondence,  Surt.  Soc,  I,  ib8«.  The  Pelican  "  in  her 
piety,"  wounding  her  breast  with  her  bill  to  feed  her  young  ones  with 
her  blood,  was  an  expressive  symbol  ot  Christ  shedding  I  lis  Blood 
for  the  world.  This  device  was  borne  as  his  arms  and  used  as  .1 
badge  by  Richard  Fox,  bishop  of  Durham  1494-1502.  It  is  to  be 
seen  wherever  he  did  much  building  or  other  work,  as  at  Corpus 
Christi  College,  Oxford,  Durham  Castle,  Winchester,  and  elsewhere. 
And  very  possibly  the  pelicans  mentioned  here  and  in  eh.  vn  were 
made  at  his  suggestion.  A  tine  Pelican  of  brass,  of  late  Decorated 
character,  still  serves  as  the  lectern  in  Norwich  Cathedral.  There  is 
a  good  woodcut  of  it  in  Murray's  Cathedrals,  Norwich,  PI.  \i.  For 
other  examples  see  A'.  6s  (J.  9th  S.  IX,  375. 

the  white  cloth].  Such  cloths  are  often  mentioned  in  Inventories,  anil  one 
still  exists  at  IJessett  in  Suffolk.  See  Alcuin  Club  Tracts,  I,  third  ed., 
p.  30/. 

both  the  epistoler  and  the  gospeller].  These  offices  continued  in  the  New 
Foundation  until  they  were  abolished  by  the  Chapter  in  1884-5. 


200  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

///c  epistoler  .  .  .  alt '  j  a  row].  It  is  still  the  custom  in  Durham  Cathedral 
for  the  clergy  to  go  to  and  from  the  altar  in  single  file,  and  one  of 
the  vergers  before  them  with  a  tipt  staff  in  his  hand,  but  now  the 
celebrant  goes  first.  The  officiating  clergy  went  out  under-  the 
organ-screen  and  re-entered  by  the  south  quire  door,  namely  the 
door  in  the  screen  between  the  aisle  and  the  choir,  within  living 
memory,  some  of  the  older  canons  continuing  to  do  so  after  others 
had  begun  to  go  direct  from  their  stalls.  This  was  a  survival  of 
going  to  and  from  the  Revestry  (demolished  1S02).  Until  the  use 
of  copes  was  discontinued  (in  1759)  they  were  put  on  in  the  Revestry, 
which  was  on  the  south  side  of  the  choir,  immediately  before  the 
celebration  of  Holy  Communion.  •  Carter  drew  a  portrait  of  the 
verger  who  remembered  the  time  when  he  used  to  vest  the  clergy 
with  the  copes,  a  comely  old  man  in  wig,  bands,  gown,  and  knee- 
breeches. — B.M.  Add.  29.933,  No.  70  verso. 

the  office  of  the  masse].     The  Officium  or  Introit. 

which  booke  did  seme  for  the  pax].  After  the  prayer  for  peace  that  followed 
the  commixtion  of  the  elements  in  the  mass,  the  priest  kissed  first 
the  corporals,  chalice,  and  altar,  and  then  the  deacon,  who  passed 
the  actual  kiss  of  peace  to  all  in  the  choir,  until  about  the  13th  century, 
when  the  ancient  practice  of  mutual  salutation,  founded  on  St.  Paul's 
Epistles,  primitive  tradition,  and  the  Apostolic  Constitutions,  was 
superseded  by  the  use  of  an  osculalorium  or  object  passed  round  to 
be  kissed  by  all  in  turn.  In  England  this  was  called  the  tabula  pads, 
pax-brede  (-board),  asser  ad  paceni ,  or  pax,  and  was  commonly 
made  of  wood,  jet,  metal,  ivory,  or  glass,  often  with  a  representation 
of  the  Crucifixion  upon  it  {Speaker's  Com.  on  Rom.  xvi,  16  ; 
Maskell,  Ancient  Liturgy,  1846,  116;/.  ;  T.  J.  Simmons'  Lrty folks'  Mass- 
book,  1879,  p.  295;  Pugin,  s.v.;  Rock,'  Hierurgia,  107).  Many 'highly 
prized  Texts,  with  ivory,  metal,  or  jewelled  covers,  also  did  duty  as 
the  Pax.  One  of  the  ancient  MSS.  of  the  Gospels  now  at  Durham 
has  the  appearance  of  having  been  so  used,  at  the  picture  of  the 
Crucifixion.  It  may  be  the  book  here  referred  to.  Sometime*;,  as 
at  Canterbury,  a  cover  was  used  without  a  book  inside.  At  Lincoln, 
the  Texts  of  the  deacon  and  of  the  subdeacon  were  kissed  before 
the  Officium  and  the  Credo.—  B.  and  W.,  I,  376,  379  ;  Wordsw.,  172. 

basons  of  sillier].  For  the  priest  to  wash  his  hands  in  ;  this  was  another 
primitive  practice,  founded  on  Ps.  xxvi,  6.  It  was  done  immedi- 
ately before  or  after  the  offertory,  at  Milan,  immediately  before  Qui 
pridie,  beginning  the  act  of  consecration,  either  at  the  water-drain  in 
the  south  wall  of  the  chancel,  or  at  a  basin  held  at  the  south  corner 
of  the  altar,  with  suitable  words,  as,  Munda  me  Domine,  etc.  (Sarum), 
Lavabo  inter  innocent es,  etc.  (Ebor. ).  See  Maskell,  p.  62  ;  Simmons, 
p.  252.  In  early  times  the  priest  washed  his  hands  also  after  he  had 
communicated  ;  this  practice  has  survived  in  the  rinsing  of  the 
fingers  in  the  ablution  of  the  chalice.  After  the  ablutions  the  priest 
washed  his  hands  again  (Maskell,  134).  Silver  basins  are  often 
mentioned  in  the  Inventories  of  great  churches,  e.g.,  St.  Paul's, 
j 245,  Archceologia,  L,  469;  Rolls,  Index  under  Basins;  Legg  and 
Hope,  Inventories,  p.  72. 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  201 

Cmitts],  The  larger  cruets,  like  the  gold  chalice  and  larger  basin,  appear 
to  have  been  used  on  "principal]  days"  for  the  more  show;  more 
wine  and  water  would,  however,  be  required  on  days  when  there  were 
more  masses.  They  were  called  "  Urceoli  ad  vinum  et  aquam." 
— Legg  and  I  lope,  p.  7.V    Sec  Rolfs,  Index  under  Cruets,  and  Plackets. 

shipps],  Navicula  or  incense-boats,  so  called  from  their  form  ;  the  incense 
was  taken  out  of  these  to  be  put  into  the  censers. 

_■  .  .  .  candlesticks].  Note  that  even  for  principal  days  on  the  High  Altar 
ot  Durham  Abbey  there  were  only  two.  In  a  council  at  Oxford  in 
132a  this  direction  was  given,  "  Accendantur  duse  candelae  vol  ad 
minus  una.''  In  the  representation  of  mass  in  aSarum  missal  printed 
at  Rouen  in  [492  there  are  two  candles,  and  so  in  illuminations  and 
prints  in  service-books  generally,  and  in  inventories  of  parish  church 
goods,  e.g.,  those  in  Lincolnshire  in  1566,  "  ij  candellstickes, " passim. 
The  first  Injunctions  of  Edward  VI,  and  Cranmer's  Visitation 
Articles,  continue  to  hand  on  the  traditional  two  lights  which  have 
been  provided  for  in  the  Church  of  England  to  this  day.  In  small 
and  poor  country  churches  it  was  perhaps  not  unusual  for  there  to  he 
only  one.  In  Mvrc's  Instructions,  E.E.T.S.,  1.  1S75,  we  find  "  Loke 
|>at  |'v  candel  o(  wax  hyt  be."  On  the  use  of  a  single  candlestick, 
see  further,  J.  X.  Comper,  in  Legg,  Principles  of  Prayer  Book,  1899, 
72.  On  great  festivals  and  in  great  churches  many  extra  lights  were 
used  on  the  beam,  on  the  floor,  or  otherwise  round  about  the  Altar, 
but  these  were'  ornamental,  like  the  hanging  lights  in  basins,  and 
quite  distinct  from  the  altar-lights  proper.  On  the  whole  subject 
of  Lights,  see  Legg,  tit  supra,  68 — 81.  Alcuin  Club  Tracts,  I,  third 
ed.,  p.  33. 

j  quarters].     I.e.,  of  a  yard. 

taken  in  sunder  with  wrests],  -Made  to  unscrew  by  means  o(  some  sort  of 
keys  that  fitted  them,  probably  in  order  to  be  more  easily  cleaned. 
So  the  Pelican  lectern  in  ch.  VII.  We  find  references  in  the  Rolls  to 
the  "  scouring  of  the  Paschal  "  after  the  Dissolution.  See  Polls, 
Index  under  Paschal. 

stooles  and  funnels].      Stoles  anil  fanons  or  maniples. 

Crosses  to  bee  borne].  Processional  crosses  were  used  from  early  tin.es.  At 
first  they  were  simple  crosses,  then  the  crucifix  was  introduced,  and 
in  the  15th  century  the  figures  o\  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  John 
were  added  on  brackets.  The  Evangelistic  symbols  were  placed  on 
the  four  ends.  The  crux  magna  process  ion  id  is  et  alia  minor  pro 
mortuis  are  mentioned  among  the  things  required  for  a  parish 
church,  in  Peckham's  Constitutions,  .\.n.  1  a8o  ( Wilkins,  II,  4'))-  See 
also  Quivil's,  1287  (Ibid.,  138).  For  processional  crosses  at  Durham, 
see  Polls,  Index  under  Cross.  There  was  a  very  fine  processional 
cross  with  "  Mary  and  John  "  at  Ripon,  in  1466,  and  there  is  one  with 
the  same  figures  (ancient)  now  at  St.  Oswald's,  Durham  (Pipon 
Chapter  Acts,  Surlees  Soc,  205,  206,  and  note). 
IV,   pp.    10 — 1  1. 

the  pascatt].  For  the  great  Easter  candle  that  was  consecrated  on  Easter 
Even  and  lighted  with  the  new  fire  struck  from  Hint,  beryl,  or  crystal, 
and  blessed  immediately  before  the  blessing  o(  the  candle.     On  this 


202  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

rite  see  Pellicia,  Polity  of  the  Christian  Church,  tr.  by  Bellett,  Loud., 
1883,  pp.  366 — 369  ;  Processionalc  ad  usum  Sarum,  Leeds,  1882,  pp. 
74 — 82  ;  Missale  Sarum,  Sabbato  Sancto  ;  on  the  Paschal  Candle- 
stick, Pugin,  p.  47.  In  the  ancient  churches  in  Rome,  the  Paschal 
candlestick  is  a  fixture,  standing-  beside  the  Gospel  ambo,  in  England 
it  was  commonly  moveable,  and  only  brought  out  for  the  Easter 
season,  as  at  Durham,  ch.  XI. — Rolls,  715,  720.  It  is  mentioned  in 
the  lists  of  Church  requisites  in  provincial  constitutions,  as  in 
Wilkins,  II,  49,  138. 
Maundye  thursday].  It  seems  to  have  been  set  up  on  this  day,  to  be  ready 
for  Easter  Even. 

the  first  grees  or  slefip].     Apparently  the  lowest  Altar-step. 

j  basons  of  siluer].  Probably  those  which  were  presented  by  Bishop 
Pudsey  (1153-95),  described  in  Scriptores  Tres,  p.  11.  "Fecit  etiam 
in  ecclesia  coram  altari  tria  ex  argento  baccilia,  cum  unciis  suis 
argenteis,  cristallis  mixtim  insertis,  dependi,  in  quibus  Iumina  die 
noctuque  perpetuo  ardentia,  ob  venerationem  sancti  patris  Cuthberti 
et  reliquiarum,  lucerent."  De  Moleon,  Voyages  lit urgiq ties,  Par., 
1718,  p.  318,  speaking  of  Rouen,  mentions  "  le  Cierge  Pascal  entre 
le  tombeau  de  Charles  V.  et  les  trois  lampes  ou  bassins  d'argent." 
See  Rolls,  under  Basins.  For  candle-basins  at  Lincoln,  see  B.  and 
W.,  I,  290,  364;  II,  361.  There  are  some  excellent  representations  of 
hanging  basins  with  lights  burning  in  them  in  13th  century  windows 
at  le  Mans.  See  the  plates  in  Hucher,  Vitraux  Peints,  Par.,  1865. 
For  the  same  at  Canterbury  see  Farrar,  Painted  Glass  in  Canterbury 
Cathedral,  1897,  PI.  27.  In  the  Abingdon  Rolls  (Camd.  Soc),  p.  91, 
1422-23,  we  find,  "  In  cereis  pro  bacinis  emptis,  ijs."  Finally,  see  L. 
and  H.,  325. 

in  the  midst  .  .  .  a  nick,  etc. J.  All  this  seems  to  show  that  at  Durham 
the  Paschal  stood,  not  on  the  north  side,  as  was  usual,  but  in  the 
middle,  on  a  wooden  platform  set  with  its  four  corners  pointing 
N.,  S.,  E.,  and  W.,  the  six  branches  spreading  north  and  south,  being 
merely  ornamental  adjuncts  to  the  central  branch,  which  served  as 
the  actual  Paschal  candlestick  in  later  times.  The  Durham  Paschal 
was  no  doubt  originally  one  of  the  great  seven-branched  candlesticks 
introduced  in  the  twelfth  century  as  part  of  the  Judaizing  movement 
of  that  period. — L.  and  H.,  Intr.,  45.  "  The  custom  at  Durham 
of  using  the  seven-branched  candlestick  for  the  Paschal  was 
exceptional,  and  probably  of  comparatively  late  date,  when  the 
significance  of  the  candlestick  had  been  forgotten." — L.  and  H., 
49.  There  were  other  examples  at  Winchester  (of  silver,  given 
by  Cnut),  Canterbury  (given  by  Conrad),  St.  Augustine's,  Canter- 
bury, Bury  St.  Edmunds,  Westminster,  Lincoln,  Hereford,  York, 
and  probably  in  most  if  not  all  great  churches.  See  L.  and  H., 
47«.  Existing  examples  at  Essen  and  at  Brunswick  are  figured  in 
Liibke,  Ecclesiastical  Art,  tr.  187 1,  pp.  176,  177,  and  there  is  a  cast 
of  one  at  Milan  in  the  South  Kensington  Museum,  which  is  remark- 
ably like  the  Durham  one  as  described  in  the  text.  At  Durham 
there  was  "a  tunycle  (?)  of  white  damask  for  the  Pascall." — 
Inventories,  Surtees  Soc,  137.     One  of  the  duties  of  the  Treasurer  in 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  203 

Cathedrals  of  the  Old  Foundation  was  to  provide  seven  candles  tor 

the  bra/on  candelabrum.— B.  and  \\\,  I,  288  ;  II,  <><>,  07. 

Latten\.     A  kiiul  of  brass. 

///<•  7  candlestick].  The  Paschal  proper,  which  held  the  Paschal  candle. 
The  Sarum  Processional  of  1517  directs  that  the  latter  be  36  feet 
long,  that  is,  of  course,  in  Salisbury  Cathedral.  At  Lincoln,  c.  a.d. 
1300,  the  Paschal  candle  was  to  be  of  three  stones  of  wax.  — B.  and 
W.,  I,  Jqi  ;  Words W.,  204;  in  1439-4.!  we  find  tres  libras,  but  dims 
pelras  interlined. — lb.,  II,  303.  At  Westminster  in  1558  the  I'aschal 
was  made  "  the  whevth  of  iij  e.  of  wax." — Machyn,  169.  The  great 
candle  was,  after  Whitsuntide,  made  into  candles  for  the  funerals  of 
poor  people.  Wilkins,  I,  571,  and  II,  .298.  On  the  Paschal  see  a 
note  in  Westminster  Missal,  H.  Bradshaw  Soc,  Fasc.   Ill,  p.  1511. 

tin'  lower  mi ul t\.  The  triforium,  as  above,  p.  7,  where  it  is  called  "  the 
middle  vault  "  ;  here  the  lower  with  reference  to  the  vaulting'  of  the 
choir.  The  candlestick  according  to  this  account  must  have  been 
about  38  feet  high,  and  the  candle  with  its  "  Judas  "  another  30  feet, 
nearly  70  in  all. 

wherein].     That  is,  in  the  Paschal,  not  in  the  vault. 

along  peece  of  wood],  A  wooden  imitation  of  the  lower  part  of  a  candle, 
called  "  the  Judas  of  the  paschal,"  a  term  which  has  not  been  very 
satisfactorily  explained  ;  it  is  said  that  the  Paschal  candle  typifies 
Christ,  who  sprang  out  of  Judas  (Judah).  The  wooden  imitations 
on  which  other  candles  stood  were  also  called  "Judases," 
perhaps  from  their  resemblance  to  the  Paschal  Judas.  See  Rock, 
IV,  244.  "Judases"  (once  "  Jewes  light")  and  "  pascall  posts' 
[i.e.,  candlesticks)  occur  in  Lincolnshire  Inventories  (Peacock,  C/i. 
Furniture,  see  Index,  5.  vz\ )  The  candle  was  carried  to  be  blessed 
in  has/a  quadam  (Osmundus  de  Off.  Eccl.  in  Rock,  Vol.  IV,  after 
Index,  p.  52).  This,  however,  seems  to  have  been  something 
different  from  the  Judas  ;  it  is  represented  in  a  woodcut  in  the 
Sarum  Processional  of  1508,  Leeds  ed.,  p.  80,  as  a  has/a  of  wood  with 
a  beast's  head  at  the  top  ;  in  the  mouth  of  the  beast  is  fixed  the 
actual  candle. 

square  taper].  Why  square  is  not  evident,  but  atndeUc  mafores  quadratic 
are  mentioned  in  the  Black  Book  of  Lincoln. — B.  and  W.,  I,  364.  In 
the  Museum  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries  at  Edinburgh  is  a  small 
square  taper,  entered  as  a  donation  in  1782.  Nothing  is  known  of 
its  history.  It  is  in  several  pieces,  which,  when  put  together 
properly  in  line,  measure  13  inches.  The  base  is  i's  in  diameter, 
and  the  apex  ^.  The  four  sides  have  floral  and  other  devices  in  low 
relief,  including  a  thistle  and  a  sort  of  fleur  de  lys.  Candela  rotunda 
is  especially  ordered  for  Candlemas  in  Westm.  Missal  (H.  Brad- 
shaw Soc.)  ii,   col.   (J2i,  note. 

a  fine  conueyance  through  the  &H  roofs].     Not  now  to  be  identified, 

V,  pp.   11—12. 
The   Passion],        The    Durham    missal    (MS.     Harl.    5289)    contains    rubrics 
concerning    local    usages    at    Passion-tide.    Easter,    Candlemas,    etc. 
See  App.  No.  XI,  pp.  172 — 191. 


204  KITES    OF    DURHAM. 

inanitions  solemne  sendee].  That  known  as  "  creeping  to  the  Cross,"  or 
"Adoration  of  the  Cross."  The  Service  is  contained  in  Missals  and 
Processionals  under  Good  Friday. 

the  passion  was  snug-].  That  according-  to  Si.  John  (xviii,  xix,  1-37),  followed 
by  the  Gospel  for  the  day  (xix,  38-42).  The  Passion  was  often  sung, 
as  it  still  is  in  the  Roman  rite,  by  three  singers,  one  taking  the 
narrative,  another  the  words  of  Jesus,  and  a  third  the  words  of 
others.  That  according  to  St.  Matthew  was  sung  on  Palm  Sunday, 
St.  Mark's  on  the  Tuesday,  St.  Luke's  on  the  Wednesday,  and  St. 
John's  on  Good  Friday.  In  some  missals  the  parts  are  marked  by 
letters,  etc.,  to  indicate  the  voice  for  each,  or  the  part  to  be  taken. 
In  the  Sarum  missal,  ed.  Burntisland,  it  is  explained  in  the  rubric 
before  the  Passion  for  Palm  Sunday,  that  letter  a  signifies  Jews  and 
Disciples,  b  Christ,  m  the  Evangelist,  and  that  the  voices  are  alto, 
bass,  and  medins  or  tenor.  The  Roman  missal  has  >J<  for  Jesus,  c 
for  Chronista,  and  .?  for  Synagoga.  So  has  a  MS.  Sarum  missal 
C.  1320.  The  Durham  Chapter  MS.  of  the  Gospels  (A.  n,  16),  which 
is  supposed  to  date  from  about  A.D.  700  or  earlier,  has  in  all  the 
four  Gospels,  in  the  histories  of  the  Passion,  the  words  of  Christ 
distinguished  by  I,  and  all  the  rest  together  under  c.  This  would 
seem  to  be  a  simpler  and  earlier  arrangement  than  any  of  the  above  ; 
the  letters  are  probably  not  very  much  later  than  the  original  MS. 
For  other  forms,  and  on  the  whole  subject,  see  Grove's  Dictionary 
of  Music,  s.v.  Passion  Music. 

a  goodly  large  crucifix].  Usually  kept  within  the  image  of  Our  Lady  of 
Bolton  (ch.  xvi ). 

t 'lie  picture].  The  writer  uses  the  term  "picture"  for  any  representation. 
See  ch.  xn,  and  end  of  xiv. 

St.  Cuthberts  amies].     See  below,  in  App.  I,  p.  109. 

singinge  an  Himne].  The  stanza  Crux  fidelis  infer  0 nines  Arbor  una  nobilis, 
followed  by  Pange  lingua  gloriosi  Prcelium  certaininis,  to  be  found 
in  most  mediaeval  Breviaries  and  Missals.  See  Hymns  A.  and  M., 
No.  97  ;  Diet.  Hymnology,  880. 

which  sepulchre  7vas  sett  upp  in  the  niominge].  It  is  clear  that  they  had  a 
moveable  wooden  "  sepulchre,"  not  a  stone  structure  such  as  may 
be  seen  in  Lincoln  Minster  and  in  many  other  churches.  Among  the 
sacristan's  expenses  for  1547  we  find  "  in  lackettes  (tacks  to  fix  up 
drapery)  to  sett  vp  ye  sepulcre,  ]d." — Rolls,  728.  Nails,  tacks,  and 
pins  for  the  sepulchre  are  frequently  mentioned  in  the  Ludlow  Church- 
wardens' Accounts.  In  1557-58  wainscot  was  sawn  for  the  sepulchre. 
— Rolls,  715.  A  new  one  was  probably  made  at  this  time  to  take  the 
place  of  an  earlier  one  destroyed.  In  village  churches  the  sepulchres 
were  often  moveable  closets  of  wood,  on  which  were  hung 
"sepulchre  cloths"  at  Easter-tide.  The  simplest  form  of  the  stone 
sepulchre  is  a  recess  in  the  north  wall  of  the  chancel  in  which  a 
moveable  wooden  sepulchre  could  be  placed.  In  the  more  elaborate 
examples  we  find  sculptured  representations  of  the  Roman  soldiers 
guarding  the  grave,  and  the  figure  of  Christ  rising  amid  censing 
angels.  Probably  not  one  old  English  wooden  sepulchre  exists. 
In     Lincolnshire    they    were    broken     up    and    burned,    made    into 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  205 

communion-tables!  "a  presse  to  laie  clothes  therein/'  etc(  (Peacock, 
C/;.  Furn.,  passim).  At  Winterton  "one  sepulcre  clothe  of  lynnen" 
was  sold  and  defaced  (Ibid.,  i<>s).  The  modern  Roman  ceremony 
of  "the  Sepulchre"  is  quite  distinct  from  the  old  English  rite  ;  see 
Pugin  s.v.  We  do  not  find  tin-  sepulchre  in  the  lists  o\'  necessary 
Church  furniture,  nor  is  it  mentioned  in  half  the  parish  lists  printed 
by  Peacock.  The  service  connected  with  it  is  nevertheless  to  be 
found  in  the  missals  and  processionals.  It  took  place  after  Even- 
song on  Good  Friday,  when  the  cross  that  had  been  "  crept  to  " 
was  laid  iii  the  sepulchre  together  with  a  consecrated  host,  there 
to  remain  until  Easter  morning.  See,  e.g.,  Processionale  Sarum, 
Leeds,  1882,  pp.  72,  91  ;  Proc.  Ebor.  in  York  Manual,  etc.  ;  Suiters 
Soc,  163;  Martene  de  Ant.  Mon.  Pit.,  lib.  Ill,  cap.  xiv,  sect.  48, 
and  de  Ant.  Disciplina,  cap.  xxiii,  sect.  27  ;  Bloxam,  Gothic  Archit., 
11th  edition,   1882,  Vol.  II,  98—124  ;   Alcuin  Club  Tracts,  I,  third  ed., 

P-  54- 

VI,  pp.    12,   13. 

The   resurrect ion\.      The   ceremonies   here   described    correspond    with    the 

service   provided    in   the  Sarum    Processional,   but  in  the  York    Use 

Te  Deum   was  sung'  to  a  joyous  chant.     Process.  Ebor.   (Suit.  Soc.), 

p.  171. 
Image  of  our  sauiour\.     The  form  which  the  pvx  took  in  this  case. 
Christus  resurgens\      Rom.  vi,  9,   10. — See  Breviarium   ad   usum  Sarum, 

In  die  Sancto  Pasche  before  Matins  ;  or  the  Sarum  Processional, 
y   antient  gentlemen].     Of  the    Lord    Prior's  household.     See    ch.    L,   last 

section  ;  Rolls,  Intr.,  p.  iii. 
tac/ied].       Attached,   tacked  on,   perhaps   with   taches  ;    cf.   Exod.   xxvi,   6, 

11,  etc.     So  H.  44,  but  the  editions  have  "  tassell'd,"  and  "  tasled," 

which  words  probably  give  the  right  reading. 
crossc   of  Xpall].     A    processional   cross,    perhaps   not   all   of  crystal,    but 

largely  ornamented  therewith. 
holy    water  font   of  siluer\.      For  the  sprinkling  of  holy   water  during  the 

procession  before  the  principal  mass. 
otic  of  l/ie  nouices],      Puer  qui  ad  aquam  scribitur  in  tabula.      Puer  deferens 

aquam  ;   Processionale  ad  usum  Sarum. 

VII,  pp.    13—14- 

.Wmcrics].  There  are  two  large  lockers  in  each  of  the  piers  or  walls  that 
connect  the  Norman  choir  with  the  later  eastern  bay,  to  the  west  of 
the  sedilia,  of  which  there  are  tour  on  either  side,  uniform  in 
character  with  the  Neville  screen.  Billings,  PI.  lv.  The  doors  of 
the  lockers  are  modern. 

letteron  .  .  .  epistle  and  the  gospell\.  It  is  somewhat  remarkable  if  they 
sang  both  the  Epistle  ami  the  Gospel  on  the  Gospel  side  ami  from 
the  same  lectern,  but  perhaps  the  book  was  carried  away  for  the 
Epistle.  Almost  universally  in  Milan,  however,  they  sing  the 
prophetical    lesson,     Epistle,    and   Gospel   from   the   same  ambo.      At 

Durham  then'  was  "  a  coveryng  for  the  lecteron  of  white  sylke." 

— Inventories,  Surtees  Soc,  138.     On  lecterns,  see  Pugin,  s.v. 
with  a  gilt  pellican  on  the  height  \T«pp,  II.  45]  of  it}.     These  words  would 
seem  to  mean  that  the  pelican  was  on  the  top  of  the   desk,  but   as   it 


206  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

is  said  just  below  that  the  book  lay  on  the  wings,  it  must  have  been 
constructed  in  the  usual  way,  and  so  must  the  eagle  lectern  described 
in  the  next  paragraph.  So  again  is  the  Norwich  pelican  lectern 
referred  to  above,  p.  199. 

taken  in  sunder].  Like  the  candlesticks  in  ch.  in,  and  probably  the 
Paschal  in  ch.  IV. 

all  in  kernes].  In  harness,  i.e.,  with  joints,  like  armour,  "  the  joints  of 
the  harness." 

standiiige  in  the  midst].  In  the  corresponding  situation  in  Lincoln  Minster 
is  an  ancient  stone  in  the  floor  with  the  words  CANTATE  Hie. 

tv1'  same  stood  theire,  etc.].  Either  this  lectern  was  reconstructed  or  a 
different  one  made  in  1586,  for  we  find  a  voucher  dated  May  14, 
"  Payed  and  geauen  vnto  Wyll'm  Foster  of  Yorck  in  rewarde  in 
considerac'on  of  his  paines  in  comynge  for  the  makinge  of  the  eagle 
for  the  letterne  of  brasse  in  the  Quier,  xiijs.  iiija'. — Rolls,  731.  This  is 
no  doubt  the  lectern  referred  to  in  Hegg's  Legend  of  St.  Cufhbert, 
where  he  says,  "  Amongst  other  Monuments  of  this  church,  the 
brasen  Desk  is  not  the  least,  which  was  the  joynt  guift  of  a  Reverend 
Prebend  (note,  'Robert  Swift  Spiritual  Chancellor';  he  was  pre- 
bendary 1562-99)  of  this  Abby,  and  his  Sonne,  who  added  the  Globe 
and  the  Eagle  to  that  sumptuous  Basis  and  Columne  (the  guift  of  his 
Father)  which  was  the  twelfth  part  of  a  great  Candlestick  found  hid 
in  a  Vault."  Are  we  to  suppose  that  the  Great  Paschal  had  been 
hidden  away,  and  that,  when  it  was  found,  the  twelve  prebendaries 
divided  it  among  themselves? 

Dunbarr /eight].  In  which  Cromwell  routed  the  Scotch  royalists,  Sept.  3. 
Note  that  this  passage  is  a  later  addition. 

burned  vpp  all  ve  wood  worke].  Accordingly,  there  is  no  woodwork  left  that 
is  earlier  than  about  1663,  and  there  are  several  places  in  the 
Cathedral  where  the  stones  are  reddened  by  the  fires  that  they  made. 
They  also  destroyed  the  font  at  this  time  (Greenwell,  74,  note  2), 
and  "  a  pair  of  organs  "  (below,  ch.  IX  and  App.  VIII,  p.  163).  It  is 
stated  below  that  they  were  to  the  number  of  4,500  (ch.  xix). 

Sf  Arthure  Haslerigg],  A  sacrilegious  Puritan,  characterized  by  an 
opponent  as  having  "  more  will  than  wit."  Under  Richard  Cromwell 
he  became  one  of  the  most  powerful  men  in  England,  but  soon  after 
the  Restoration  he  ended  his  days  in  the  Tower. — Diet.  Nat.  Biog., 
s.v.  Hesilrige. 

ye  poore  prisoners].     See  further  in  ch.  IX,  XIX. 

j  .  .  .  siluer  basins].     Mentioned  above,  ch.  IV. 
VIII,  pp.   14 — 16. 

Ludovick  de  Bellomonte].     Lewis  de  Beaumont,  1318-1333. 

a  most  curious  .  .  .  stonn].  The  stone  remains,  and  is  in  two  pieces, 
measuring  together  15  feet  10  inches  by  9  feet  7  inches.  The 
matrices  are  perfect,  but  no  brass  is  left.  There  is  a  full  account  of 
it,  with  a  reduced  facsimile  of  the  stone,  in  the  Proceedings  of  the 
Society  of  Antiquaries,  January  16th,  1890,  where  also  the  beautiful 
seal  of  the  bishop  is  figured.  A  drawing  of  the  stone  is  preserved 
at  the  Heralds'  College. — Raine,  Br.  Ace,  42. 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  207 

his  uerses  of  his  breast],     The  versos  "  In  pectore  "  given  below. 

the  .s'/  through  of  marble].  Through  is  a  northern  word  for  a  flat  tombstone  ; 
see  below,  i'l).  xxtx,  and  Durham  Church-wardens'  Accounts,  1630 
and  1682,  Surtees  Soc,  Vol.  S4,  pp.  185,  250.  Brocketl  gives 
"  Thruff  Stone  "  ;  A.S.  |mu1i,  in  Runic  inscriptions  |n*ui,  firm.  The 
term  "  through  stone "  as  applied  to  a  stone  going  through  the 
whole  thickness  o(  a  wall  is  quite  distinct. 

some  of  ihr>ii\.  The  portion  containing  the  date  seems  to  have  been  lost 
when  these  inscriptions  were  copied. 

Epitaphium  eius].  Part  of  this  Epitaph  was  legible  in  1672. — Durham 
Notes,  in  possession  of  Rev.  W.  Green  well  in  1.842,  but  now  lost. 

Dapsilis  ac  hilaris].  The  Lanercost  Chronicler,  speaking  of  an  earlier 
Bishop  of  Durham,  Robert  cte  Insula,  1274-1283,  says  "  vidimus  in 
vita  satis  dapsilem  et  jucundum,"  and  proceeds  to  give  an  amusing 
account  of  the  way  in  which  he  would  banish  care  and  delight  his 
guests  by  setting  two  monkeys  to  fight  for  almonds.-  -Citron,  de 
Lanercost,  Bannatyne  Club,  Edin.,  1839,  p.  14. 

inimicus  semper  amaris).  This  is  the  reading  of  the  Cosin  and  H.  44 
MSS.  and  of*  Davies,  but  MS.  L.,  with  Hunter's  and  the  later 
editions,  has  "  avaris." 

liberal  ipsitm].  The  asterisk,  here  placed  by  mistake,  belongs  to  the  next 
note. 

IX,  p.    16. 

3  pat re  of organs].  Note  that  these  three  were  "belonging  to  the  quire." 
For  another  pair,  used  at  the  Jesus  mass,  see  ch.  xvn,  and  for 
one  in  the  Galilee,  ch.  XXII  ;  Scr.  Tres,  p.  ccexvi.  It  is  perhaps 
hardly  necessary  to  point  out  that  "a  pair  of  organs"  is  what  we 
now  call  an  organ.  A  "  pair  "  was  formerly  a  set  of  any  number  of 
things,  thus  we  used  to  speak  of  a  pair  of  vestments,  beads,  cards, 
stairs,  etc.,  and  it  has  only  come  to  usually  mean  two  in  modern 
times. — See  Rolls,  822,  868.  Perhaps  "an  organ"  was  one  "stop" 
or  rank  of  pipes,  "  a  pair  of  organs  "  two  or  more.  Prior  Hugh  de 
Derlington  made  "  organa  grandiora  *'  in  1264  (Scr.  Tres,  46). 
Prior  Wessington  (1416-1446)  expended  £,26  13s.  4d.  in  "factura 
diversorium  parium  organorum  (Ibid.,  eclxxiii).  For  notices  of  some 
later  organs  see  Appendix  VIII,  and  of  older  ones,  Rolls,  Index 
under  Organs. 

the  leaues].  Folding  doors  to  close  the  organ  in  front,  such  as  the  old 
organs  commonly  had. 

/6yoj.      Read  1650. 

a  letteme  of  wood].     Probably  a  simple  desk. 

the  i)  lessons].  The  writer  must  be  referring  to  the  time  after  the  dissolu- 
tion of  the  monastery,  previous  to  which  the  three  or  twelve  lessons 
of  the  Benedictine  Breviary  would  be  sung.  But  perhaps  he  is  only 
speaking  loosely,  as  a  secular  might,  of  a  feast  day. 

the  j  doctors  .  .  .  read].  This  expression  seems  to  have  come  down  from 
monastic  times,  and  to  refer  to  Sundays  and  Other  festivals,  on 
which,  in  the  Roman   and    Benedictine  breviaries,    the   first    lesson   in 

the  third  nocturn  is  an  exposition  of  the  Gospel  lor  tin-  day,  usually, 


208  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

though  not  invariably,  taken  from  the  writings  of  one  or  other  of  the 
four  doctors  named.  Thus  it  would  mean  on  Sundays  and  other 
festivals  when  not  superseded  by  the  first  pair  of  organs.  The 
expression  would  hardly  apply  to  the  Saruni  and  York  breviaries,  in 
which  a  great  many  of  the  expositions  are  from  Bede. 

the  cryers\.  Perhaps  because  of  their  shrill  tones.  In  a  will  of  1467  is 
mentioned  "  a  small  belle  called  a  cryer  "  (N.  E.  D.,  s.v.  Crier).  The 
use  of  different  organs  for  different  days  is  curious. 

the  third paire\.  For  ferial  days,  for  which  there  is  only  one  nocturn,  and 
the  expositions  of  the  Gospel  do  not  come  in.  This  third  organ  was 
perhaps  a  moveable  one.  It  was  called  the  "White  Organs."  See 
Appendix  VIII,  p.  162. 

X,  pp.   16—17. 

an  excellent  fine  booke].  The  Liber  Vitce,  now  robbed  of  its  original 
binding,  among  the  Cottonian  Manuscripts  at  the  British  Museum 
(Domitian  vn).  Its  contents  have  been  printed  in  Vol.  13  of  the 
Surtees  Society's  series.  It  was  originally  prepared  so  as  to  admit 
the  names  of  benefactors  arranged  ill  classes,  as,  "Nomina  regum 
vel  ducum,"  "  Nomina  reginarum  et  abbatissarum,"  etc.  But  as 
unoccupied  parchment  grew  scarcer  in  the  volume,  names  were 
entered  in  any  blank  spaces  that  there  were  ;  there  are  also  some 
memoranda,  charters,  etc.  The  earliest  entries  have  been  referred 
10  the  ninth  century,  the  latest  belong  to  the  sixteenth.  It  will  be 
observed  that  in  use  and  purpose  the  Liber  Vitce  corresponded  with 
the  Diptychs  of  the  Primitive  Church,  and  with  the  tablets  in  use  at 
a  later  period.  Thus  in  1514  a  Table  was  ordered  to  be  made  with 
the  names  of  all  the  brethren  and  sisters,  quick  and  dead,  of  the 
Guild  of  the  Holy  Trinity  in  St.  Mary's  church,  Leicester,  and  it  was 
to  stand  on  the  Trinity  altar. — Throsby,  in  North,  Chron.  of  St. 
Martin's,  180/;. 

which  booke\.  Namely,  that  which  was  published  by  the  Surtees  Society 
in  1 84 1,  as  Liber  Vitce. 

another  famous  booke].     What  has  become  of  this  most  interesting  book  is 
not  known.      It  may  have  been  that  described  in  Scr.  Tres,  ccxxviii, 
as  chained  to  the  high  altar  in  1433,  when  it  was  consulted  by  Prior 
Wessington  in  the  presence  of  a  notary  public. 
XI,  pp.    17 — 18. 

porch  much  was  called  the  Amanchoridge],  So,  by  mistake,  in  MS.  Cosin  ; 
L.,  H.  44,  and  Davies  have  "  Anchoridge,"  Hunter  and  Sanderson 
"  Anchorage."  Nothing  seems  to  be  known  of  the  Anchorite  here 
referred  to,  but  Mabillon  speaks  of  recluses  dwelling  in  cells  within 
monasteries  (Ann.  Bened.  s.a.  916,  quoted  in  Bloxam,  Gothic 
Archil.,  1882,  II,  167).  Bloxam  has  collected  a  great  deal  of 
information  on  the  subject,  pp.  163 — 181.  The  term  "porch"  was 
often  applied  to  a  chapel  within  a  church.  Thus,  in  141 2,  we  find 
the  "  chappel  or  porche  of  owr  lady,"  and  in  1492  "  a  chappel  or 
porche  dedicat  vn  to  Saynt  Jamis  "  (Raine,  Catterick  Church,  12)  ;  in 
1522,  "  my  Porch  of  or  Ladye  "  {Durham  Wills,  II,  105)  ;  in  1614-15, 
then  newly  built,  in  great  part,  "  the  portch  in  the  North  Allye," 
probably  a  sort  of  pew  (Durham  Churcli-wardens'  Accounts,  Surtees 
Soc,  vol.  84,  p.  167). 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  209 

upp  (i  pain  of  /aire  staires].     This   "porch"   was   evidently  such  a   loft 

as  those  at  St.  .Milan's  ami  Christ  Church,  formerly  St.  Prideswide's, 
Oxford,  which  are  beautiful  structures  of  wood.  For  St.  Albans,  see 
Carter's  /'Inns,  etc.,  1810,  Plan  Kj,  Plate  v,  Observations,  p.  5;  for 
Oxford,  Murray's  Cathedrals,  Frontispiece,  and  p.  22.  The  term 
"porch"  was  applied  to  small  internal  chapels  between  pillars,  as 
well  as  to  external  ones  between  buttresses.  Some  boles  in  which 
ihe  limbers  oi'  this  chamber  may  have  boon  fixed  arc  to  bo  seen, 
tilled  up  with  stone,  at  various  heights  up  to  the  tops  of  the  columns 
that  boar  the  arch  leading  from  the  north  aisle  of  the  choir  to  the 
Nine  Altars.  Hut  there  was  once  a  modern  gallery  in  this  same 
aisle.— Raine,  Br.  .la:,  49.  On  "  pair,"  see  above,  p.  207. 
t  lie  pa  seal i  did  lye].  Doubtless  taken  to  pieces  when  put  away.  See  notes 
on  ch.  in,  vii,  pp.  201,  206. 

the  children  of  the  aumerie].     Of  the  Almery  or  Almonry  ;  see  ch.  xi.vm. 

to  dresse,  trim ,  etc.].  After  the  Dissolution  persons  were  employed  to  scour 
the  Paschal.  In  Dark.  Cat/i.  Misc.  Cart.,  Nos.  2751—59,  we  find, 
"  15  Apiilis.  In  primis  for  scowryng  off  the  pascal!  to  Cuthberi 
paype  ami  hys  felowe,  ijs.  .  .  .  Solut.  Jacobo  Person  et  Cuthberi o 
Jonson  pro  croccione  (polishing-  with  crocus  of  iron)  Candelabri 
Paschalis,  cum  aliis  sibi  servientibus  feria  4ta  ebdomadis  Sanctis 
Ao  154510  iijs.  Vu'yl. — Rolls,  715,  720,  727. 

a  faire  marble  stone].  No  longer  to  be  found.  The  bench  table  in  this  bay 
of  the  aisle  was  reconstructed  in  1402-3.  The  riser  has  a  range 
of  cusped  panels,  pointed  and  circular  alternately,  the  latter  enclo- 
sing twelve  shields  all  bearing  Skirlaw's  arms,  viz.  (arg. )  a  cross 
triple-parted  and  fretted  (sa),  otherwise  described  as  "  three  Rodds 
or  Spells  crosswise,  traversed  in  manner  of  a  Sive  or  Riddle." — 
Origin  and  Succession  of  the  Bishops  of  Durham,  1603,  in  Allan's 
Collection  of  Tracts.  For  a  roll  of  expenses  of  the  construction  and 
furnishing  of  Bishop  Skirlaw's  chantry  chapel,  see  Rolls,  Intr.,  p.  lix. 

invyroned  ivth  Irons].  The  holes  where  these  were  fixed  into  the  columns 
are  distinctly  visible. 

a  stall  or  peive  .  .  for  gentlewomen}.  Probably  the  pew  where  Cosin  tried 
to  make  certain  gentlewomen  stand  at  the  Nicene  Creed.  —  Corresp., 
Surtees  Soc,  I,  174. 

His  body  was  not  removed].  It  was  found  in  1848  in  a  stone  grave,  encased 
in  lead,  through  which  appeared  "  an  indication  of  the  right  hand  in 
a  state  of  elevation,  holding  a  pastoral  staff,  or  in  the  act  ot  bene- 
diction." No  internal  examination  was  made,  and  the  body  was 
buried  a  few  feet  further  northward,  to  make  room  for  the  organ. — 
See  Raine,  Auckland  Castle,  44,  45,  and  woodcut  there  ;  Durham 
Obituary  Rolls  (Surtees  Society),  p.  xxii/;. 

onely  the  stone].     The  stone  is  now  lost. 

the  song  SCOole],  Not  the  original  Song-school,  which  is  described  in  ch. 
XXXI,  and  which  was  at  the  south  end  of  the  Nine  Altars,  outside, 
but  the  one  in  use  when  this  account  was  written.  See  ch.  xi.ix, 
section  4,  p.  97. 

'4 


2IO  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

the  segresters  exchequer].  The  Sacrist's  or  Sacristan's  or  Sexton's  checker 
or  office. 

a  porch  adioyninge  to  the  quire}.  Another  internal  chapel  constructed  of 
wood,  in  the  form  of  a  loft  or  gallery  surmounting'  the  screen  at  the 
entrance  of  the  choir  aisle.  No  stairs  are  mentioned.  There  are 
holes  high  up,  showing  where  wood  has  been  let  into  the  columns 
and  arch. 

SI  Bendicts  altar].  This  altar  stood  in  the  transeptal  chapel  adjoining  the 
aisle. 

D/r  Swallwell].  Thomas  Swallwell  is  described  in  1496  as  monachus 
gremialis,  S.T. B.,  and  chancellor  of  the  church  ;  at  this  time,  acting 
for  the  Archdeacon  of  Durham,  he  offered  on  the  altar  of  St. 
Cuthbert  the  silver  seals  of  Bishop  Sherwood,  to  be  made  into  a 
chalice  or  two  cruets.  In  1502  Prior  Castell  "  enucleated  "  from  the 
beginning  to  him  and  other  of  the  religious  the  whole  history  of  a 
miracle  wrought  at  the  shrine.  In  1507  he  was  terrarius  or  "  terrer  " 
of  the  house,  and  took  part  in  a  synod  held  in  the  Galilee,  sede 
vacante.  In  1519  he  was  a  "  doctour,"  and  together  with  Hugh 
Whitehead  petitioned  Bishop  Ruthall  for  licence  to  elect  a  Prior  on  the 
death  of  Prior  Castell. — Scr.  Tres,  ccclxxxvii,  153,  cccciv,  ccccxix. 

XII,   pp.    18 — 19. 

a  most  /aire  roocle  or  picture].  For  this  use  of  the  term  "  picture,"  see  Ch. 
v,  note.  Davies  says  the  "  Pictures  "  were  "  a  yard  or  five  quarters 
long"  ;  edition  1672,  p.  31. 

black  J\oode  of  Scotland].  The  silver  had  no  doubt  became  black  by  reason 
of  oxidation  ;  MSS.  L.  and  C,  and  Davies,  say  that  the  figures 
were  "  all  smoaked  black  over,"  and  the  smoke  from  lights  may 
have  helped  to  blacken  them.  See  also  ch.  XV,  p.  25,  where  the  silver  is 
described  as  "  being,  as  yt  weare,  smoked  all  over."  But  the  name 
may  have  been  suggested  by  that  of  the  small  cross  described  in  the 
next  note. 

brought  out  of  holy  Rood  house,  etc.].  The  great  Black  Rood  with  Mary  and 
John  is  not  to  be  confounded  with  the  black  cross,  a  palm  in  length, 
that  was  taken  upon  the  person  of  King  David,  as  stated  in  ch.  XV, 
where  the  two  crosses  are  kept  distinct.  Both  were  taken  to  the 
battle,  the  smaller  one  borne  probably  on  his  breast,  by  the  king 
himself,  the  larger  one  by  two  or  three  men,  and  both  were  won  by 
the  English  and  taken  to  Durham  Abbey.     See  note  below. 

the  battaile  of  Durham],     See  ch.  n,  XII,  xv. 

a  deuice  or  wrest].     A  mechanical  contrivance.     See  above,  on  ch.  in,  p.  201. 

the  bt>ps  seate].  As  the  bishops  of  Durham  were  Counts  Palatine,  their 
Episcopal  throne  represents  secular  as  well  as  spiritual  dignity, 
and  is  in  a  sort  of  gallery  with  seats  for  two  persons  on  either 
side  of  the  bishop,  whose  own  seat  is  under  a  rich  tabernacled 
canopy.  This  canopy  forms  the  central  portion  of  a  construction 
of  panels,  niches,  mullions,  tracery,  and  canopies,  filling  up  the 
whole  of  the  Norman  arch  under  which  it  stands,  and  the  whole 
space  between  the  pillars.  "A  pair  of  stairs"  leads  up  to  this  gallery 
at  its  east  end,  and  the  floor  is  carried  over  the  tomb  of  Bishop  Hatfield 


NOTES    ON     I  III-:    I  EXT.  2  1  I 

by  an  enriched  segmental  arch.  The  alabaster  figure  of  the  bishop 
remains,  in  a  somewhal  mutilated  condition,  lying  on  a  richly 
panelled  altar-tomb,  under  very  beautiful  groining  with  foliated 
bosses.  Upon  the  walls  at  the  ends  of  the  arch,  over  ihe  head  and 
feet  of  the  effigy,  are  remains  of  paintings  in  which  have  been 
representations  of  angels.  The  whole  structure  has  been  richly 
gilded  and  coloured,  and  it  still  exhibits  many  shields  bearing  the 
arms  of  Bishop  Hatfield  and  others.  The  various  parts  of  the  whole 
structure  show  signs  of  some  giving  way  or  shrinking  and  of 
unskilful  repairs  ;  again,  the  parts  are  not  well  fitted,  as  if  it  had 
been  made  in  whole  or  in  part  tor  some  other  situation.  There  is  no 
sign  of  any  inscription,  but  the  tomb  has  a  very  unfinished  appearance 
all  round  the  figure,  such  as  cannot  have  been  contemplated  in  the 
original  design  (Hillings,  PI.  hi,  lvii,  lviii).  Billings  does  not 
show  the  remains  ot"  paintings,  only  conventional  bare  wall.  But 
Carter's  drawing  (B.M.  Add.  MSS.  29,  933)  shows  a  figure  of  Christ 
in  a  red  garment  with  cruciferous  nimbus,  displaying  His  wounds  ; 
on  His  right  below  stands  an  angel  censing.  Besides  his  throne  in  the 
choir  the  Bishop  of  Durham  has  his  stone  chair  in  the  chapter-house, 
p.  56,  and  the  first  stall  in  the  choir  on  the  right,  as  having  been  in 
place  of  an  abbot  ;  the  Dean,  representing  the  Prior,  has  the  left- 
hand  stall.  In  the  Vestry  were  kept  "two  cloithes  for  the  bisshoppes 
stall  one  of  reid  baldking  and  th'other  of  reid  damask." — Inventories, 
Suit.  Soc,  139. 
all  of  Alabaster).     Not  the  tomb,  only  the  effigy. 

a  little  altar].  This  altar  could  not  have  stood  at  the  end  of  the  tomb, 
there  being  no  space  for  it  between  the  pillars.  There  are,  however, 
signs  of  alteration  in  the  choir  aisle,  namely,  the  cutting  away  of 
Norman  masonry,  and  perhaps  the  insertion  of  an  iron  grate, 
suggesting  that  the  altar  may  have  stood  near  the  S.W.  corner  of 
the  tomb.  (Billings,  PI.  lvii,  lviii).  Or,  possibly,  the  tomb  may 
have  stood  more  to  the  south,  and  have  been  shifted  to  its  present 
position  to  be  more  out  of  the  way.     See  the  last  note. 

the  nestrvc).  This  vestry,  a  plan  of  which  is  given  in  Carter,  PI.  ii,  was 
built  by  Henry  de  Luceby,  sacrist,  before  1300,  not  "within"  the 
aisle,  but  against  the  outside  wall.  It  was  entered  from  within  the 
aisle  by  an  inserted  doorway,  which  remains,  and  had  four  windows, 
(see  "Description  of  the  Histories  in  Glass,"  in  Appendix  I,  p.  117). 
It  is  somewhat  remarkable  that  our  writer  has  not  devoted  a  separate 
section  to  it  and  told  us  more  about  it.  The  watching-chamber 
at  the  west  end  is  referred  to  in  the  next  chapter.  The  vestry 
itself  was  used  by  the  Minor  Canons  until  1802,  but  was  suffered  to 
fall  into  disrepair,  and  was  finally  demolished  in  that  year.  — Raine, 
Br.  Ace,  48.  For  the  writer's  use  of  the  word  "  within  "  compare  the 
account  of  the  Sexton's  checker,  in  ch.  XI. IX,  p.  97.  He  considered 
that  buildings  abutting  on  and  entered  directly  from  the  church  were 
within  it.  The  position  of  the  vestry  was  usually,  as  here,  on  the 
same  side  of  the  church  as  the  cloister  was.  The  Inventory  of  all 
the  ornaments  being  within  this  vestry  in  [546,  as  found  in  six 
almeries,  "  the  presse,"  five   chests  on   the  north   side  and   six  on  the 


212  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

south,    is   printed    in    Inventories  of  Church    Goods,    Surtees   Society, 
Vol.  97,  pp.  137 — 141.     See  Rolls,  Index  under  Revestry. 

a  peculiar  altar\.  Probably  so  called  because,  although  within  the  abbey, 
it  belonged  specially  to  the  bishop,  as  a  church  locally  situated  in 
another  diocese  might  do.  A  reredos  of  wainscot  was  made  for  the 
altar  in  the  Revestry  in  1557-58. — Rolls,  715.  Its  situation  is  shown 
in  Carter's  plan.  All  large  sacristies  probably  had  altars  in  them, 
as  they  still  have  in  Italy.  Mass  would  be  said  at  them  occasionally, 
but  they  were  also  used  for  laying  out  the  vestments  when  a  prelate 
was  being  vested  solemnly  before  entering  the  church.  So  at 
Westminster,  "  ffyrste  the  westerer  shall  lay  the  abbotes  cope 
lowest  opon  the  awter  wtin  the  sayd  westre."  —  Registrnm  vestibuli, 
13S8,  in  A rchceologia ,  LII,  213.  The  Westminster  altar  was  dedicated 
in  honour  of  St.  Faith,  and  mural  paintings  that  belonged  to  it  still 
remain.  St.  Andrew's  chapel  at  Canterbury,  which  was  the  revestry, 
had  an  altar.  For  Lincoln,  see  Wordsw.,  231,  299.  Many  parish 
church  vestries  had  altars,  some  of  which  remain,  e.g.,  those  at 
Burford,  Oxon.,  and  Warmington,  Northants.  At  Durham  it  would 
seem  that  the  bishop  held  his  ordinations  in  the  revestry  so  as  not  to 
interfere  with  the  monastic  services  in  the  choir. 

XIII,   pp.   20—22. 

The  crosse  allye].  The  area  of  the  central  tower,  in  a  line  with  the 
transepts,  and  formerly  separated  from  the  nave  by  the  wall  at  the 
back  of  the  Jesus  altar  (ch.  xvii). 

former part\.     Foremost,  where  you  first  enter.     See  N.  E.  D.  under  Former 

+3- 
in   theire  seuerall  roomes].      Places,    probably   niches  in    '•  le    Rerdoose   ad 

ostium   chori  "  made   by   Prior  Wessington   (1416-1446)  at  a  cost  of 

£6g  4s.   (Scr.    Tres,  eclxxiii).      For  the   inscriptions  that   were  under 

the  figures,  see  App.  IV. 

kinges  and  queenes\.  The  choir-screen  at  York  has  a  series  of  sculptured 
figures  of  the  fifteen  kings  from  William  the  Conqueror  to  Henry  VI. 
There  is  a  similar  series  of  kings  on  the  screen  at  Canterbury,  as 
was  formerly  the  case  at  Wells.  At  Chichester  there  still  remain 
paintings  representing  bishops  from  the  first,  and  kings  from  the 
Conqueror. 

whose  names  hereafter  followeth\.  There  are  considerable  discrepancies 
among  the  lists  of  figures  on  the  screen.  The  list  in  the  Appendix 
IV,  p.  137,  appears  to  belong  to  an  earlier  set  of  thirty-two  figures, 
sixteen  kings  and  sixteen  bishops.  MS.  Cos.  contains  all  the  twenty- 
eight  kings  and  queens  named  in  MS.  H.  45,  with  six  additional 
names.  If  two  of  these  have  been  repeated  by  mistake,  the  number 
is  reduced  to  thirty-two,  that  of  the  supposed  earlier  set  of  figures, 
and  if  the  other  four  names  be  added  to  the  list  in  MS.  H.  45,  we 
again  have  thirty-two,  the  probable  number  of  the  niches  in  the 
screen,  two  rows  of  eight  on  either  side  of  the  choir  doorway.  It  is 
quite  possible  that  thirty-two  kings  and  queens  were  at  some  time 
substituted  for  I  he  same  number  of  kings  and  bishops. 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  213 

///(•  new  worie\.  The  "new  work"  here  meant  is  the  uppermost  stage  of 
the  centra]  tower,  an  unsatisfactory  excrescence  on  the  beautifully 
designed  lantern  below  it,  which  was  nol  finished  in  14741  "  in 
defaulte  of  goods,  as  God  knaweth,"  wrote  Prior  Bell  in  that  year. 
Nevertheless  the  belfry  stage  must  have  been  added  nol  long  after. 
Ii  commands  a  very  extensive  prospect,  and  can  itself  be  seen  from 
several  points  round  Durham,  rising  above  the  hill-tops  that  conceal 
all  the  rest  of  the  church.  For  notices  of  t  lie  great  tower,  see  Roils, 
Index  under  Tower. 

a  Chamber  otter  the  -vest  end  <>j  the  s&  uestrye\.  The  arrangements  are  to 
some  extent  indicated  in  Carter's  plan.  This  chamber  was  used  as 
the  singing  men's  vestry  until  1802  (Raine,  Br.  Arc,  48)  J  earlier  it 
served  as  "  the  boys'  room  "  (App.  IX,  p.  1O9). 

a  chamber  in  the  north  a  I  lye].  This  chamber  must  have  been  between  the 
two  "porches"  mentioned  .above  (eh.  xi),  and  the  upper  portion  of  the 
north  aisle  of  the  choir  must  have  been  almost  filled  up  by  the  three 
wooden  structures. 

holy  water  stones].      Frequently  mentioned  below  ;  see  Index. 

before  it  came  to  be  hallowed].  At  the  Benedictio  salt's  et  aqua,  which  took 
place  every  Sunday  morning  before  the  procession  that  preceded 
high  mass.  The  office  for  it  is  usually  inserted  at  the  beginning  of 
the  missals  and  manuals,  but  in  the  Durham  MS.  Missal  (Harl.  5289) 
it  is  at  the  end.     See  Rolls,  Index  under  Holy  water. 

a  joure  squared  stonn  .  .  .  in  cuerye  square].  The  writer  uses  "  square  " 
in  an  obsolete  sense,  meaning'  "corner"  or  "angle."  On  the 
cressets  (cavities),  see  note  on  ch.  I,  p.  195,  and  Arch.  Journal,  xxxix, 
39°.  396. 

filled  with  tallow].  See  Rolls,  87,  where  crucibulum  is  the  term  used  for  a 
cresset. 

one  of  them  was  lighted].  That  is,  probably,  one  at  a  time,  a  fresh  one 
being  lighted  as  each  one  burned  out,  until  daylight. 

XIV,  pp.  22—23. 
John  Washington].  Otherwise  "de  Wessington,"  Prior  1416  144b.  He  was 
one  of  the  most  famous  of  the  Priors  of  Durham,  and  a  handsome  pro- 
vision or  pension,  including  rooms,  etc.,  at  Coldingham,  was  assigned 
to  him  in  1446.  For  lists  of  his  compilations  and  collections  of 
evidences  relating  to  the  church  of  Durham,  ami  of  the  buildings  ami 
repairs  effected  by  him  during  his  twenty-nine  years  of  office,  see 
Srr.  '/'res,  pp.  cclxviii-CClxxvi,  and  for  other  notices  of  him,  the  index 
to  the  same  volume,  our  Appendix,  No.  Ill,  p.  124//.,  and  Rolls,  Index 
under  Wessyngton.    The  Durham  Chapter  MS.  B.  in,  30,  is  a  volume 

of  collections  by  Prior  Wessington  on  fifteen  different  subjects.  His 
tombstone  is  lost,  as  is  also  the  case  where  no  mention  is  made  in 
the  following  notes  of  any  existing  stones  or  portions  thereof. 

Robert  Berington\     Prior  \y,\   1391.     A  short  notice  of  him  will  be  found 

in  Will,  de  l/hambre  {Scr.  '/'res.  136).  Authority  for  the  Priors  of 
Durham  to  use  the  mitre,  pastoral  stall,  and  other  pontifical  insignia, 
was  obtained  from  the  Pope,  ami  confirmed  by  the  bishop  o( 
Durham  and  the  archbishop  of  York  in  138a  [Ibid.,  note). 


214  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

the  north  plage].  "Inboreali  plaga  "  (Scr.  Trcs,  137),  in  the  north  region 
or  quarter,  in  this  ease  the  transept. 

XV,   pp.   23 — 29. 

yc  battel!  0/  Durh'"]  The  oecasion  of  this  fight  was  that  David  II  (David 
Bruce),  king  of"  Scotland,  being  in  alliance  with  Philip  VI  of  France, 
invaded  England  in  the  hope  of  drawing  Edward  III  away  from 
his  campaign  in  Philip's  country.  But  the  Archbishop  of  York  and 
the  heads  of  the  great  houses  of  the  North  mustered  their  forces  and 
met  David  and  his  army  between  Beaurepaire  (now  Bearpark)  and 
Durham.  After  a  fierce  conflict,  the  Scotch  army  was  totally  routed, 
and  David  taken  prisoner.  Tradition  points  to  "  King  David's 
Bridge,"  over  the  Browney,  near  Aldin  Grange,  as  the  place  where 
he  was  taken. 

wthin  ye  corporax\.  "  Corporax  "  here  means  the  Corporas-case  used  to 
contain  and  protect  the  corporal  or  corporas  itself,  i.e.,  the  linen 
cloth  used  in  the  consecration  of  the  elements.  It  was  called  the 
corporal  because  the  Sacrament  of  the  Body  of  Christ  was  originally 
consecrated  on  it,  not  on  a  paten.  And  De  Moleon  states  that  the 
corporal  was  used  to  cover  the  chalice  in  the  great  churches  of 
France,  as  late  as  the  seventeenth  century. —  Voyages  liturgiques, 
Paris,  1 7 18,  pp.  57,  198,  286.  Corporas  cases  were  often  richly 
embroidered.     See  Pugin,  s.v. 

ye  Readhillcs\.  Called  Red  Hills  in  the  editions  of  1672,  etc.,  as  at  present. 
They  are  the  high  grounds  to  the  west  of  the  city  of  Durham,  where 
the  railway  passes  through  them  by  a  deep  cutting.  The  name  is 
probably  derived  from  the  colour  of  the  soil,  which  is  somewhat 
reddish. 

prostrating  themselves  in  praier\.  Knighton  states  that  some  also  watched 
the  battle  from  the  campanile  of  the  Church  (not  the  present  Lantern, 
which  was  not  built  till  some  years  later,  but  its  predecessor, 
or  else  one  of  the  western  towers),  "  Monachi  existentes  in  campanili 
Eeclesiag  suae  et  videntes  fugientes  Scotos,  levaverunt  vocem 
nubesque  repleverunt  sonitu  clamoris,  clamantes  et  Deum  laudantes, 
flebilibusque  lacrimis  pra?  gaudio  dicentes,  Te  Deum  laudamus, 
quam  vocem  Angli  audierunt  ac  si  a  tergo  eorum  prope  adessent, 
et  fortiorem  audaciam  in  Deo  inde  sumentes  inimicos  acrius  insecuti 
sunt  et  fortius  eos  protriverunt.  Nam  monachi  Dunelmcnses  finem 
fecerant  cum  Scotis  pro  se  et  maneriis  suis  et  suis  tenentibus  in  patria 
in  crastino  sequenti  pro  mille  libris  solvendis  absque  ulteriori  mora, 
el  sic  liberati  sunt  ab  ipso  jugo." — Scriptores  Decern,  Lond.,  1652,  col. 
2590. 

the  said  bat  tell  ended].  In  some  of  the  accounts  there  is  mention  of  a  hill 
called  Findon,  a  well-marked  elevated  spot  three  miles  north-west  of 
Durham,  overlooking  the  village  of  Sacriston  in  the  line  of  the  road, 
and  the  valley  of  the  Browney,  in  which  Bearpark  is  situated,  to  the 
left.  Prior  Fossor  wrote  to  Bishop  Hatfield  that  it  was  rightly 
named,  "a  quodam  praesagio  .  .  .  quasi  finem  dans,  vel  finem 
dandus,"  as  putting  an  end  to  the  long  and  miserable  strife  between 
the  English  and  the  Scotch. — Scr.  Tres,  p.  ccccxxxv  ;  Durham 
Wills,  I,  29,  30. 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  2I5 

victorit  atchtved  that  daic\.  The  principal  authorities  on  the  Battle  of 
Durham  or  of  Neville's  Cross  are  Chron.  Lanercost,  346,  etc.  ;  Minot's 
Latin  poem,  in  Hall's  edition,  Oxf.,  1887,  p.  10S  ;  Fordun,  Scoti- 
chronicon,  lib.  XIV,  ii— iv,  and  two  letters  from  Prior  Fossor  t<> 
Bishop  Hatfield,  in  Scr.  Tres,  App.,  Nos.  cccxxxvi,  ccexxxvii.  For 
modern  accounts,  see  Archaologia  .Kliana,  n.s.,  I,  271  ;  Fasti Ebor., 
440;  Boyle's  Durham,  y$i.  It  is  sometimes  said  thai  Bishop 
Hatfield  was  present  at  the  battle,  but  his  presence  is  not  mentioned 
in  any  of  the  early  accounts,  and  indeed  Prior  Fossor's  second 
letter  gives  a  description  of  the  battle  as  from  an  eye-witness  to  one 
who  was  absent. 

holie  rudehouse].  The  abbey  of  Holyrood,  which  frequently  accommodated 
the  Scottish  court  before  a  distinct  palace  was  added  in  the  sixteenth 
century. — Daniel  Wilson,  Memorials  of  Edinburgh,  Edinb.,  1848,  pp. 
-5.  403- 4' °- 

■wch  crosse  .  .  .  is  recorded,  etc.].  This  legend  of  the  wild  hart  properly 
belongs  not  to  David  II,  but  to  David  I  (1124-1153),  the  son  of 
St.  Margaret,  and  himself  accounted  a  saint. 

ye  Rude  well].  By  the  "  Queen's  Drive,''  at  the  foot  of  Salisbury  Crags, 
about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  to  the  S.E.  of  Holyrood  Palace,  is  a  well  that 
was  known  of  old  as  St.  David's  or  the  Rood  Well.  The  ancient  well- 
house  of  St.  Margaret's  well  at  Restalrig  in  the  same  neighbourhood, 
which  would  otherwise  have  been  destroyed  by  the  North  British 
Railway  Company,  was  some  years  ago  removed  and  erected  over 
the  Rood  Well,  which  is  now  commonly  called  "  St.  Margaret's 
Well." — See  Proc,  Soc.  Ant.  Scot.,  Vols.  II,  143,  III,  365,  for  accounts 
of  the  wells,  with  excellent  illustrations,  also  Old  and  New  Edinburgh 
by  James  Grant,  Vol.  Ill,  pp.  129,  130,  and  D.  Wilson,  Mem.  of 
Edinb.,  p.  399. 

his  own  captivitie].  He  was  first  taken  to  Ogle  Castle  to  recover  of  his 
wounds,  and  then  confined  for  a  long  time  in  London.  It  is  said  that 
after  that  he  was  kept  in  Nottingham  Castle,  and  that  he  carved  on 
the  rocky  side  of  his  prison  the  whole  story  of  Our  Lord's  Passion 
(D.  Wilson,  Mem.  of  Edinb.,  p.  9).  His  conduct  shortly  before  and 
at  the  battle  of  Durham  is  reported  to  have  been  that  of  a  most 
ungodly  man,  but  his  thoughts  may  afterwards  have  been  directed 
to  better  things. 

lost  ye  saide  crosse  w'Ji  was  laiken  vpon  him].  The  "  Holy  Cross"  mentioned 
.above  in  this  same  chapter,  being  the  smaller  of  the  two  Black 
Roods,  the  Nigra  crux  of  earlier  writers.  Nothing  is  more  likely 
than  that  David  would  carry  the  smaller  one,  which  was  but  a  palm  in 
length,  and  had  been  used  by  St.  Margaret  and  by  David  I  on  their 
deathbeds.  It  was  an  heirloom  greatly  venerated,  and  in  course  ol 
time  became  connected  with  the  legend  of  the  wild  hart  related  in 
ch.  XV.  In  the  Life  of  Queen  Margaret  (Surtees  Symeon,  p.  252, 
also  in  Pinkerton's  Scottish  Saints),  wo  read  "  Ipsa  quoque  illam, 
quam  Nigram  Crucem  [Crucem  Scotia  nigram,  MS.  Tiberius  E.  1, 
i86<f)  uominare,  quamque  in  maxima  semper  veneratione  habere 
consuevit,  sibi  afferi  prsecepit,"  etc.  In  that  of  David  I  by  Bald  red, 
Ethelred,  or  Aelred  of  Rievaulx  (Fordun,  Scotichron.,  lib.  V.  cap.  Iv  ; 


2l6  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Scrip/ores  Decern ,  col.  349)  the  cross,  "  quam  nigram  vocant,"  is  tlnis 
described,    "  Est   autem    crux   ilia,  longiludinem  habens  palmse,  de 

auro  purissimo,  opere  mirabili  fabricata,  quae  in  modum  techae 
clauditur  et  uperitur.  Cernitur  in  ea  quaedam  Dominican  crucis 
portio,  sicut  saepe  multorum  argumento  miraculorum  probatum  est, 
Salvatoris  nostri  imaginem  habens  de  ebore  decentissime  sculptam, 
et  aureis  distinctionibus  mirabiliter  decoratam.  Hanc  religiosa 
regina  Margareta,  hujus  regis  mater,  qua;  de  semine  imperatorum  et 
regum  Hungarorum  el  Anglorum  extitit  oriunda,  allatam  in  Scotia, 
quasi  munus  haereditarium  transmisit  ad  filios.  Hanc  igitur  crucem, 
omni  Scotorum  genti  non  minus  terribilem,  quam  amabilem,  cum 
rex  devotissime  adorasset,  cum  multis  lacrymis,  peccatorum  con- 
fessione  prasmissa,  exitum  suum  ccelestium  mysteriorum  perceptione 
munivit."  There  was  a  cross,  probably  this  one,  that  was  sometimes 
called  St.  Margaret's  Cross.  See  ch.  LV,  and  Rolls,  426.  Why  this 
smaller  cross  is  described  as  black  does  not  appear.  Perhaps  the 
portion  of  the  True  Cross  was  enclosed  in  a  black  cross,  and  that 
again  in  a  gold  case,  which,  again,  may  have  been  at  some  time 
enclosed  within  the  great  Black  Rood.  But  in  1383  it  was  kept  with 
some  other  crosses,  etc.,  in  a  place  of  honour  among  the  relics. — 
Rolls,  426.  At  Abingdon  there  was  a  "  nigra  crux  "  believed  to  have 
been  made  in  great  part  "ex  clavis  Domini." — Mon.  Angl.  (1682),  I, 
97.  99- 

noblemens  aunncientes,  etc.].     See  ch.  n,  XL1X. 

pippes  of  siluer].  These,  being  fitted  together  end  to  end,  would  combine 
strength  with  lightness  ;  the  lowest  portion  of  the  staff  seems  to  have 
been  of  wood.  See  further  in  ch.  XLIX  (Dane  William  Watson,  p.  94). 
At  Doncaster  were  "  i j  coper  crosses"  and  "  pypes  belongyng  to 
them." — Inventories,  Surt.  Soc,  104. 

fyve  yerdes  longe].  On  the  contrivances  for  lifting  it  up  and  down  and 
holding  it  up,  see  ch.  XLix,  p.  96. 

a  wand  of  siluer].     A  cross-bar  to  carry  the  banner. 

maid  fast].     I.e.,  bound  round  so  that  it  would  not  fray  out. 

sackring  belles].  Little  handbells  rung  at  the  Tersanctus,  and  at  the  sacring 
or  consecration  of  the  elements  in  the  mass,  also  before  the  Host 
when  carried  in  procession,  or  for  the  communion  of  the  sick. 

( never)  caryed  or  shewed  at  any  battell,  but,  etc.].  Provost  Consitt  (Life  of  St. 
Cuthbert,  p.  215)  repeats  this  statement,  but  then  goes  on  to  say  that 
it  was  carried  for  the  last  time  "  in  the  glorious  but  ill-fated  " 
Pilgrimage  of  Grace  in  1556.  The  banner  appears  to  have  been 
injured  by  rioters  in  1536-37.  The  Feretrar's  Roll  of  1537-38  mentions 
55.  "  pro  emendaeione  vexilli  Sci  Cuthberti  per  communes  Dunelm. 
fracti." — Rolls,  483. 

Deane  Whittingham\.  William  Whittingbarn,  the  puritan  dean  of  Durham, 
was  educated  at  Oxford,  and  in  May,  1550,  travelled  to  Orleans, 
where  he  married  a  sister  of  John  Calvin.  He  returned  to  England, 
but  fled  when  Queen  Maiy  succeeded,  and  joined  the  Puritan 
congregation  at  Geneva.  Here  he  was  made  a  minister  in  some 
Genevan  form,  succeeded  John  Knox,  took  a  leading  part  in  the 
translation  of  the  Genevan  Bible,  and  turned  into  English  metre  the 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  21  7 

psalms,  ell'.,  marked  "W.  \V."  in  Sternbold and  Hopkins's  collection. 
He  returned  again  under  Elizabeth,  and  in  1563  was  placed  in  the 
deanery  of  Durham,  which  he  held  for  sixteen  years.  I  lis  death  put 
an  end  to  a  long  dispute  whether  he  could  hold  the  deanery,  having 
been  ordained  only  at  Geneva.  He  was  buried  in  Durham  Cathedral, 
with  a  monumental  inscription  thai  was  afterwards  destroyed. 
Browne  Willis  remarks  thai  "his  Monument,  soon  after  the  erecting 
of  it,  met  with  ihe  same  Pate  as  he  had  treated  others.  Oi\  it  was 
this  Inscription  :  In  obitum  doctissimi  viri  Gulielmi  Whittinghanti 
Decani  olim  Dunelmensis,  Mariti  Catherines  Sororis  Johannis  Calvini 
Theologi,  qui  obiit  Anno  1 57<>."  Some  Latin  verses  follow.— 
Cathedrals,  I,  253.  There  is  a  Life  of  him,  copiously  annotated,  and 
with  valuable1  appendixes,  in  Camden  Miscellanies,  VI. 

did  most  iniuriously  burne,  etc.].  It  had  been  supposed  that  the  banner 
would  not  only  put  a  check  upon  fire,  but  could  not  be  consumed 
thereby.  —  Regin.  Dunettn.,  cap.  39. 

Xcivelles  Crosse].  The  "  sockett  "  is  all  that  remains  ;  it  has  recently  been 
removed  10  a  new  mound  some  yards  distant  from  the  old  site. 
An  old  milestone  stands  where  "the  stalke "  has  been.  Dr.  Raine 
stales  that  documents  in  the  Treasury  refer  to  an  earlier  Neville's 
Cross  in  the  same  place. — St.  Cutkb.,  106.  But  he  gives  no 
references. 

y  Ncvcllcs  crosse].  The  well-known  saltire  in  the  arms  of  Neville  {gu.  a 
saltire  arg.). 

pictures  of  ye  j  evangel istes].  The  usual  symbols  of  the  Four  Evangelists 
are  still  to  be  seen  on  the  four  corners  of  the  socket-stone  ;  perhaps 
there  were  statues  standing-  over  these,  round  the  octagonal  shaft. 

ye  Bulls  head}.     The  Neville  badge  and  crest. 

the  Read  hilles].     See  note  above,  p.  214. 

ye  flashe\.  A  hollow  about  half  a  mile  in  length,  still  called  the  Flass  Bog, 
although  it  has  been  drained  and  is  partly  under  cultivation  and 
partly  built  over.  It  is  crossed  by  the  railway  viaduct,  some  of  the 
piers  of  which  had  to  be  built  on  piles,  ami  it  runs  down  eastward 
from  the  top  of  the  Red  Hills.  Its  name  survives  in  "  Flass  Street  " 
and  "  Flass  Well."  For  "  Flash,"  a  pool  or  marshy  place,  see 
N.  E.  D. 

north  Chilton  fioole].  Not  identified,  but  it  was  probably  a  dam  on  the  Mill 
Burn,  in  connexion  with  the  old  "  Clokmylne,"  in  Millburngate.  See 
Rolls,  905. 

ye  mavdes  bower].  In  the  south  side  of  the  Flass  Hoy;  there  runs  (.town 
northward  a  tongue  of  comparatively  elevated  ground  at  the  end  of 
which  has  been  thrown  up  an  artificial  hillock,  still  known  as 
"  Maiden's  Bower."  On  places  thus  designated  see  Memorials  of 
St.  Giles's  (Surtees  Soc),  Intr.,  x-xiv. 

where y*  said  prior,  etc.].      This  passage  is  very  obscure  as    it    stands    here, 

but  it  is  made  clearer  in  Davies  by  the  insertion  of  "there"  before 

"  was  erected." 
a  /aire  crosse  of  Wood],     This  cross  appears  io  have  been  set  up  on  the  top 
iil  the  above-mentioned  hillock,  where  now  a  tree  has  been   planted. 


2l8  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Beareparke].  The  present  name  of  the  manor  of  Beaurepaire,  on  the  river 
Browney,  about  2%  miles  N.W.  of  Durham.  The  Priors  liad  a 
country  residence  and  park  there  ;  the  latter  was  ravaged  by  David 
Bruce  the  day  before  the  battle  of  Neville's  Cross.  Some  small 
portions  of  the  buildings  are  yet  standing.  Considerable  remains 
are  shown  in  the  Kaye  Collection  of  drawings  at  the  British  Museum, 
Vol.  II,  Nos.  83 — 95  ;  in  Hutchinson's  Durham,  II,  338  ;  and  in 
Grose,  Antiquities,  Vol.  V,  1777,  under  Durham.  See  Rolls,  under 
Beaurepaire. 

at  the  /bote  of 'ye  said  crosse].  Whichever  way  the)-  went,  they  would  have 
to  make  some  little  digression  to  reach  the  cross,  if  it  was,  as  is 
supposed,  on  the  hillock  called  Maiden's  Bower. 

John  Fossour],  Or  Forcer,  Prior  1 341-1374.  Of  a  family  that  had  pro- 
perty at  Thockerington  in  Northumberland.  He  died  at  the  Prior's 
manor  of  Beaurepaire,  at  the  age  of  ninety,  in  1374,  and  his  body 
was  stitched  up  in  the  hide  of  an  ox,  which  cost,  including  the  wages 
of  the  artificer  employed,  five  shillings. — Rolls,  p.  581.  In  1729,  his 
grave  was  opened,  and  the  hide  found  to  be  tolerably  fresh,  but  the 
body  was  much  decayed.  Prior  Fossor  made  the  west  window  of 
the  nave  and  the  great  north  window  of  the  transept  ;  he  also 
expended  large  sums  in  the  binding  and  repairing  of  the  Church 
missals,  etc.,  and  in  altar-plate,  vestments,  and  images,  as  well  as  on 
the  kitchen  and  other  monastic  buildings  outside  the  church. — -Will. 
de  Chainbre  in  Scr.  Tres,  p.  130 — 134,  and  Index  ;  Ibid.,  App.  p.  cxli  ; 
Raine,  Br.  Ace,  34  ;  St.  Cuthb.,  lion.  ;  Rolls,  Index  under  Fossour. 

the  first,  etc.].     See  ch.  XV,  XXV. 

the  Centorie  garth].  The  Cemetery,  frequently  referred  to.  See  Index, 
and  Rolls,  Index  under  Cemetery,  and  Centry. 

XVI,  pp.  30—32. 
The  South  Alley  of  ye  Lantern],  It  is  a  little  remarkable  that  we  have  here 
no  reference  to  the  fire-place  mentioned  in  a  note  on  Singing  breads, 
above  p.  194.  It  very  likely  fell  into  disuse  and  was  walled  up  before 
Rites  was  written  ;  it  so  continued  until  1901,  when  it  was  opened 
out.  The  square  recess  now  made  over  the  fire-place  is  of  doubtful 
authority.  There  appeared  to  be  some  indications  of  there  having 
been  such  a  recess,  and  so  it  was  left  open.  Such  fire-places  may 
have  been  used  not  only  for  heating  obley-irons,  but  for  supplying 
burning  charcoal  for  the  censers,  warming  the  water  for  washing 
the  altars  and  for  the  washing  of  feet  at  the  Maundy,  for  heating  the 
"  pomes  "  or  calefactories  used  to  warm  the  priests'  hands,  etc. — 
Cf.  Wordsw.,  300.  There  are  fireplaces  in  the  south  transepts  at 
Lincoln  and  at  Hereford,  the  latter,  like  the  Durham  one,  inserted  in 
an  earlier  wall  of  the  Norman  period.  The  Lincoln  example,  which  is 
in  an  internal  vestry  of  the  same  date  as  the  transept,  makes  it 
seem  not  unlikely  that  at  Durham  and  at  Hereford  internal  vestries 
have  sometime  been  constructed  and  provided  with  fire-places,  and 
that  when  more  commodious  vestries  were  made  outside,  the  internal 
ones  were  swept  away,  their  fire-places  only  remaining,  blocked  up 
or  left  open. 


NOTES    OX    THE    TEXT.  219 

Johne  Hemmyngbrowgke\.  Prior  1391  1416.  "  Obiit  anno  Domini  1416, 
el  jacet  sepultus  sub  lapide  tnarmoreo,  curiosoi  el  sumptuoso, 
imaginibus  circumspicuo,  ad  australem  plagam  ecclesiae  Dunelmensis 
;i  dextra  parti-  inter  eundum  ad  revest erium.  Ejus  Epitaphium. 
Ecce  marmoreus  lapis  hie  tegit  ossa  Johannis  |  Quern  residere  Deus 
ccelis  cunctis  det  i  n  annis  |  Hemtningbroughe  natus  fuil  hie  el 
honorificatus  '  sede  prioratus  virtute  probus  monachatus  |  Qui  legis 
haec  pro  me  Pater  mium  supplico  prome  |  Adjungas  et  ave  Deus  ul 
me  liberet  a  vae  |  '  (W.  de  Chambre  in  Scr.  Tres,  145,  see  also 
Index  ;  Burton  ami  Raine,  Hemingbrough,  163). 

Howghels  Alter],  So  called,  probably,  From  some  portion  of  the  estate  of 
tin-  Prior  and  Convent  at  Houghal,  near  Durham,  having1  been 
appropriated  tor  its  maintenance. 

William  Ebchester].  Prior  1446 -1456.  "Doctor  in  Theologia  .  .  . 
sepultus  jacet  sub  lapide  marmoreo  in  australi  parte  ecclesiae 
Dunelmensis,  coram  altare  Dominae  de  Boultoun.  Ejus  Epitaphium. 
En  tegit  haec  petra  venerabilis  ossa  Wilhelmi  Ebchester  justos 
consumit  terra  sepultos  |  Ingenio  prsegnans  fuerat  ccelestia  pandens  | 
CEconomus  verbi  fidelis  dogmata  sacri  j  Egenti  largus  sitienti  pocula 
prsebens  Nudatis  vestes  peregrinis  hospes  amcenus  Rexerat 
ecciesiam  prudenter  jure  Prioris  |  Accumulans  praamiis  eandeni  valde 
decoris  |  Naturae  cessit  post  partvim  virginis  anno  |  Mille  cccc  quin- 
gento  [sic)  adjuncto  postea  sexto  |  Corpore  defuncto  ejus  in  saecula 
virtus  j  Durabit  svi[)eris  oblatio  maxima  divis  |  Australi  ecclesiae  suh 
marmore  parte  sepultus  j  Cum  Christo  dormit,  vivit  regnatque 
beatus  |  Pro  quo  metra  legis  haec  qui  ora  mente  tideli  |  Ut  sit  semper 
ovans  cum  Sanctis  culmine  coeli  |  "  (Chambre,  147  and  Index).  For 
the  principal  events  of  his  life  see  Durham  Obituary  Rolls  (Surtees 
Soc. ),  Prefi  vii  ;/. 

the  Ladie  of  Boultons  alter].  Probably  maintained  out  of  the  estate  of  the 
Prior  and  Convent  at  Bolton  in  the  parish  of  Edlingham,  in  Northum- 
berland. 

the  Immage  of  our  saviour].      Rather,  doubtless,  of  the  Eternal  Father. 

euery good fridaie\.     See  above,  ch.  v. 

in  under].  Still  a  local  expression,  sometimes  in  the  form  "in  and  under"  ; 
see  paragraph  on  a  Loft,  ch.  xvn,  p.  34. 

Robert  Ebchester].  Prior  1478-1484.  "  Doctor  in  Theologia  .  .  .  Hie  jacet 
sepultus  sub  lapide  marmoreo,  in  quo  ceelatur  ipsius  in  a;re  imago  ; 
ubi  subscribitur  tale  epitaphium,  ad  australem  plagam  ecclesiae, 
inter  eundum  ad  revesterium  in  dextra  parte.  Epitaphium.  Mar- 
more  Robertas  jacet  hie  sub  jure  disertus  Ebchester  certus  sihi  sit 
Deus  ipse  misertus  Extiterat  castas  corpus  prior  hie  probitatis  | 
Doctus  non  fastus  studio  fungens  veritatis  |  Largus  amans  hilaris 
siibjecit  dogmata  pandens  Sacra  suis  ineritis  virtutum  carmina 
clangens  Die  Pater  inter  Ave  cum  Credo  postulo  pro  se  Christo 
sicque  vale  repetens  mea  metrica  juste  I  Mille  cccc  quaterno  L  ter 
deno  quoque  quarto  |  vertilur  hoc  ssecla  Christo  regnare  periclo  |  " — 
Chambre,   141). 


220  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

a  Lybrarie].  Now  the  Song'  School.  It  was  buill  by  Prior  Wessington 
(1416  1446),  and  the  books  were  gradually  removed  into  it  from  the 
various  places  in  which  they  had  been  kept  before.  See  Catalogi 
Veteres,  Suit.  Soc,  Vol.  7,  p.  ix. 

the  Clocke],  Originally  placed  behind  the  Rood-loft,  ch.  XVII.  The  case 
was  made  by  Prior  Castell  (1494-1519)  and  contained  much  of  his 
work,  with  additions  by  Dean  Hunt  (1632).  It  was  a  fine  and  stately 
work,  and  to  any  who  now  see  the  representation  of  it  in  Billings, 
PI.  L,  it  will  seem  almost  incredible  that  it  was  wantonly  destroyed 
not  long  after  the  date  of  Billings's  work  (1843).  "  It  was,  till  lately, 
surrounded  with  railing,  and  its  panelled  doors  contained  a  per- 
spective view  of  the  interior  of  the  church,  which  is  recollected  not 
only  as  a  curious  specimen  of  the  art  of  painting  of  that  period  (1632), 
but  also  as  affording  interesting  information  relative  to  the  fabric 
itself."--Raine,  Br.  Ace,  29. 

well  Replenished],  No  less  than  eleven  ancient  catalogues  and  lists  of  the 
books,  from  the  12th  century  downwards,  are  printed  in  Catalogi 
Veteres,  together  with  an  Appendix  of  illustrative  documents. 

Wyndowe  of  the  iiij  Docters],  This  window  has  been  filled  with  modern 
glass  intended  to  represent  the  original  as  here  described.  In  Scr. 
Tres,  153,  the  inscription  is  said  to  have  been,  "Virgo  tuum  natum 
fac  nobis  propitiatum." 

Te  dcuin  wyndowe].  Two  or  three  of  the  tracery  lights  contained  their 
original  glass  when  this  window  was  filled  with  the  present  Te  Deuin 
glass,  and  these  lights  have  been  included  in  the  new  glazing. 

nyne  order  of  Angells].  The  three  orders  not  named  here  are  Principalities, 
Powers,  Virtues. 

xvii,  pp.  32—35- 

Jh'its  mess].  In  a  Sacrist's  Roll  of  1535-6,  Rolls,  418,  we  find  46s.  8d.  from 
certain  lands  assigned  "  Officio  Sacristan  pro  celebracione  missse  et 
antiphonai  de  Jhu  coram  magno  Crucifixo  singulis  diebus  veneris." 
This  is  not  mentioned  in  the  next  preceding  extant  roll,  that  of  1486-7. 
The  Jesus  mass  was  in  general  the  mass  Nominis  Jcsu  (Missale 
Sarum,  Burnt isl.,  846).  Rarely,  perhaps,  that  De  Quinque  Vulncri- 
bus.  Ibid.,  751*,  or  that  De  Sancta  Cruce,  Ibid.,  748*.  At  Lincoln  there 
was,  c.  1520-36,  a  "  Jhesus  mass"  with  organ  accompaniment. — 
Maddison,  Vicars  Choral,  pp.  24,  45.  Bp.  Smyth's  will  (1514) 
provided  for  the  Missa  de  Nomine  Jesu,  or  else  one  de  quinque 
Vidneribus,  to  be  sung  on  Fridays  before  a  crucifix  on  the  south  side 
of  the  church,  cum  nota. — B.  and  W.,  II,  lxxii  n.  ;  Lincoln  Dioc. 
Mag.,  XI,  74;  Rolls,  418,  419.  Dean  Heywood,  of  Lichfield  (1457- 
1492),  provided  for  a  Jesus  mass  and  antiphon  (tarn  missam  quam 
antiphonam  nominis  Jesu)  ever)'  Friday. — Archceologia,  LII,  632.  The 
Jesus  altar  and  Jesus  mass  are  often  mentioned  in  Sandwich  Wills, 
and  there  were  "  Wardens  of  Ihc  Masse  "  at  Reading.  See  N.  E.  D., 
under  "Jesus,"  and  "I.H.S.,"  and  a  valuable  communication  by 
Mr.  Culhberl  Atchley  in  All  Saints'  Clifton  Par.  Mag.,  Dec.  1901,  on 
"Jesus-Mass  and  Jesus-Anthem." 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  22  1 

a /aire  high  stent  watt].  This  would  occupy  the  whole  sprue  between  the 
two  columns  ;  its  sculptured  ornamentation  (see  below)  would  fill  up 
tlio  west  side  of  it.  No  certain  indications  ol  the  wall  are  now  to  be 
seen.     Such  a  screen  still  remains  al  St.  Albans. 

i"'  two  Roode  Dores],  Similar  to  those  in  the  Neville  Screen,  and  at  St. 
Albans,  etc.,  and  see  ch.  II,  p.  6. 

like  vnto  a  porch].  I.e.,  an  internal  structure  of  wood  such  as  those 
described  in  ch.  xi. 

sewtes  of vesttnentes].  A  suit  of  vestments  was  often  called  a  Vestment,  and 
it  consisted  of  albe,  girdle,  amice,  fanon,  stole,  ami  chasuble.  Some- 
times it  included  the  dalmatic  and  lunicle  for  the  deacon  ami 
sub-deacon,  ami  a  cope  tor  the  priest  in  the  procession. 

a  moste  curiouse  £~  fine  table].  What  is  now  called  a  triptych  ;  see  the  next 
sentence. 

two  brode  leves\.  Together  forming  the  whole  west  side  of  the  "  porch  "  or 
chapel  ;  "  fore  part  "  here  seems  to  mean  the  part  at  which  you  first 
arrive,  not  the  most  "  forward  "  or  eastern  part. 

/rone  pikes].     Spikes  were  used   in  the  same   way  for  the  Trellis-door,  ch. 

XIX. 

Marie  on  thane  syde,  etc.].  Mary  on  the  right  or  north  side  of  the  figure  on 
the  Rood,  and  John  on  the  left.  The  addition  of  figures  of  Angels 
and  Archangels  to  the  Rood  group  was  common  in  large  and 
well-appointed  churches.     Alcuin  Club  Tracts,  I,  third  ed.,  p.  45. 

one  of  ye  goodliest  monumtes].  Over  the  chancel  arch  of  Brancepeth 
Church  is  fixed  a  coved  canopy  consisting  of  twenty-seven  square 
compartments,  each  occupied  by  elaborate  geometrical  tracery,  and 
no  two  alike.  An  illustrated  monograph  on  these  was  published  by 
Billings.  There  is  also  at  Brancepeth  another  coved  and  panelled 
canopy  with  the  instruments  of  the  Passion,  the  Bull's  head  of  Neville, 
and  other  heraldic  devices.  It  has  been  conjectured  that  both  the 
above  may  have  been  rescued  from  the  general  havoc  by  George 
Cliffe,  one  of  the  last  monks  of  Durham,  who  became  a  prebendary 
and  was  afterwards  rector  of  Brancepeth.  The  former  one  may 
have  belonged  to  the  Jesus  Altar. 

a  Loft].  The  Rood-loft,  in  fact.  There  was  also  an  organ-loft  with  a 
singers'  desk  on  the  north  side  ;  see  below,  under  Thomas  Castell. 

ye  clocke}.  Removed  to  the  south  end  of  the  transept  when  the  Rood-loft 
was  destroyed,  and  in  its  turn  destroyed  as  related  above,  ch.  XVI,  note. 

where  men  dyd  sytt].  Laymen  probably,  who  may  have  frequented  the 
church,  or  perhaps  infirm  monks.  Compare  the  Cistercian  Retro- 
chorus  described  in  Hope's  Fountains,  38.  See  note  on  "a  lair  long 
form  "  below,  notes  on  eh.  xxxvu. 

Jesus  anthem].  See  note  on  Jesus  Mass,  p.  220.  The  "Jesus  Anthem" 
was  a  very  favourite  devotion  in  the  fifteenth  and  sixteenth  centuries, 
and  we  often  meet  with  it,  as  here,  in  connexion  with  the  "Jesus 
mass,"  as  being  sung  every  Friday,  e.g. ,  at  Bristol,  Middleham, 
Lichfield,  London,  Salisbury,  etc.  At  Lichfield,  and  probably 
everywhere,  it  was  sung  after  compline  on  Fridays,  as  was  Salve 
Regina  at  other  times.      See  below,  on  ch.  XI. in.      One   name  o(  this 


222  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

anthem,  "  Salve  of  Jesus,"  seems  to  have  been  derived  from  its  being 
an  adaptation  of  the  much  earlier  Salve  Regina,  known  as  "the  Salve." 
It  is  probably  to  be  identified  with  the  Salve  Rex,  English  versions  of 
which  may  be  seen  in  Burton's  Three  Primers,  1834,  pp.  115,  367  ; 
Latin  and  English  in  All  Saints'  Clifton  Par.  Mag.,  Dec.  1901,  247 — 
249,  from  Primers  of  1542  and  1555. 

Gallelei  Belles].     See  ch.  xix. 

Thomas  Castell],  Prior  1494-1519.  In  his  time,  viz.,  in  July,  1502, 
Richard  Pooell,  a  courtier  of  Henry  VII,  was  believed  to  be  cured  of 
a  terrible  rupture,  at  the  shrine  of  St.  Cuthbert.  He  (Castell)  built 
the  present  west  gateway  of  the  Abbe)',  with  St.  Helen's  Chapel 
over  it,  and  a  priest's  chamber.  Here  two  priests  administered  the 
Holy  Eucharist  to  all  lay-folk  who  had  made  their  confessions.  He 
also  repaired  the  window  of  the  Four  Doctors  (ch.  XVI)  and  bought 
two  mills  called  the  Jesus  mills,  which  he  gave  to  the  church  of 
Durham  that  he  might  be  remembered  in  the  Jesus  mass.  "  Quo 
coram  altari  sepultus  jacet  in  nave  ecclesiae  Dunelmensis,  sub 
marmore  cum  ipsius  imagine  in  aere  cum  isto  epitaphio  ;  Mortuus 
hoc  tumulo  Thomas  sub  marmore  duro  |  Castellus  recubat  pietatis 
turris  ahena  |  In  litteris  doctor  divinis  munere  Prior  |  Moribus 
excomptis  et  miti  pectore  charus  |  Statura  mediocris  erat  virtute 
procerus  |  Dapsilis  hospitibus  structuris  turn  probe  notus  |  Pauperibus 
laxo  przebebat  munera  sinu  |  Nulli  clausa  bono  sua  janua  mensa 
crumena  |  Suppliciter  pro  se  dicito  Credo  Pater  Ave  |  Qui  legis  haec 
quo  sit  ccelesti  civis  in  aede  |  " — (Chambre  in  Scr.  Tres,  152). 

a  loo  ft  .  .  .  contevninge  a  paire  of  orgaines\.  Not  "belonging  to  the 
quire  "  (see  p.  207),  but  specially  provided  and  placed  for  the  Jesus 
mass  and  anthem. 

Johane  Awckland],  Prior  1484-1494.  "  Doctor  in  Theologia  .  .  .  Obiit 
A.D.  1494  et  sepultus  jacet  in  ecclesia  Dunelmensi  "  (Chambre  in 
Scr.  Tres,  150). 

Johan  Burrnbie].  Prior  1456-1464.  He  was  elected  Prior  in  1456  on  the 
resignation  oi  Prior  W.  Ebchester,  having  been  Warden  of  Durham 
College,  Oxford,  and  S.T.P.  For  a  most  interesting  account  of  his 
family  history  and  his  life,  see  the  Preface  to  the  Durham  Obituary 
Rolls,  Surtees  Soc,  Vol.  31. 

his  verces,  etc.].  The  epitaph  has  not  been  preserved,  but  the  supposed 
stone  is  at  present  to  be  seen  in  the  floor  under  the  fifth  arch  from 
the  west  on  the  south  side,  not  in  its  original  place.  It  bears 
matrices  of  a  small  demi-figure  with  mitre  and  crosier,  and  of  a  large 
inscription-plate. 

a  Rowc  ofbleive  marble].  The  row  of  stones  forming  the  cross  of  Frosterley 
marble,  called  in  the  table  of  contents  of  MS.  C.  "ye  blew  Crosse,"  is 
still  to  be  seen  in  the  floor  between  the  two  pillars  next  to  the  north 
door.  The  southern  arm  is  about  ir^  feet  long  by  1  foot  across, 
the  northern  arm  about  9  ft.  11  in.  by  1  foot,  and  the  "cross"  or 
cross-piece  2  ft.  10  in.  by  9^  in.  Each  of  the  long  arms  is  in  four 
pieces.  For  the  sense  of  "cross"  in  line  5  (  =  "  cross-piece  ")  see 
N.  E.  D.  under  Cross,  sb.  II,  14. 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  223 

XVIII,  pp.  35—37* 
The  causes  wherfore,  etc.].  Chapter  win  is  a  digression  occasioned  by  the 
mention  of  the  marble  cross.  The  real  reason  for  the  exclusion  of 
women  is  probably  to  be  found  in  some  disorders  in  the  double 
monastery  at  Coldingham,  where  there  were  both  monks  and  nuns 
(Symeon,  Hist,  Eccl.  Duneltn.,  II,  7).  This  is  the  only  reason 
assigned  in  the  English  Metrical  Life  of  St.  Cuthbert,  c,  1450  (Surtees 
Soc.i  Vol.  87,  pp.  208 — 210).  See  further  in  note  on  ch.  xxn. 
Women  would,  however,  have  been  excluded  by  the  ordinary 
monastic  rules,  independently  of  any  special  reasons  such  as  were 
supposed  to  exist  at  Durham.  The  legend  of  the  king's  daughter  is 
here  translated  from  ch.  xxvn  of  the  Irish  I. thelitis  de  orttt  S.  Cuihb. 
(in  Misc.  Biog.,  Surtees  Soc,  Vol.  8,  p.  83).  And  from  the  time  that 
the  legend  was  promulgated,  those  who  accepted  it  naturally 
connected  it,  as  the  writer  here  does,  with  the  exclusion  of  women 
from  St.  Cuthbert's  churches.  It  would  gain  much  currency  from 
being  admitted  into  the  Life  of  St.  Cuthbert  in  the  Nova  Legenda 
{Qxf.  ed.,  I,  217).  Legends  of  a  similar  kind  are  of  constant 
occurrence  in  hagiology. 

of  ?««"//  bookes  there  is  one  Intituled,  etc.].  The  Editor  is  not  aware  that  any 
such  book  now  exists. 

borders  of  ye  Pictes].  So  the  Libelltts,  but  Bede  does  not  take  him  further 
north  than  Old  Melrose. 

Conueti].  Locus  ille  adhuc  Corruen  dicitur. — Libellus.  Not  identified,  so 
far.     Carham  has  been  suggested. 

wlierevpon  it  came,  etc.].  This  is  part  of  the  Irish  storv,  which  probably 
dales  from  the  twelfth  century,  in  its  present  form. 

XIX,  p.  37—40. 
a    trellesdonre\.     The    holes    for    the    two    cross-pieces    that    supported   the 
trellis  are  distinctly  visible  in  the  columns. 

Iron  pikes\.     See  ch.  xvn. 

HaUewater  stones].  The  base  of  the  column  next  to  the  north  door  is  cut 
away  to  make  room  for  the  holy-water  stone  that  was  there  placed  : 
no  other  indications  of  it  remain. 

yr  Lady  oj  Pieties  alter].  Our  Lady  of  Piety  or  Pity,  that  is,  the  Virgin 
.Mother  supporting  the  Dead  Christ  on  her  knees,  the  Madonna  delta 
Pieta  of  Italian  art,  was  a  favourite  object  of  devotion,  and  in 
Durham  there  was  another  altar  in  the  Galilee,  under  the  same 
dedication.  The  west  side  of  the  column  mentioned  in  the  last  note 
has  been  cut  away  as  if  to  make  room  for  a  reredos  of  considerable 
height  ;  it  has  been  "  restored  "  with  new  stone  in  recent  times. 
There  are  no  other  indications  of  the  altar.  The  designation  "  Our 
Lady  of  Piety  "  Or  "  Pity,"  occurs  three  times  in  Rites.  The  Roll 
has  "  Pieties'  in  all  cases,  but  altered  to  "  Pitties  "  in  two  of  them. 
MS.  Cosin  has  ••  Pitties,"  with  "  Pietties"  in  the  margin,  "  Pieties," 
and  "  Pitties."  All  the  other  MSS.  and  editions  have  some  form  of 
"  Pitties  "  in  all  cases,  except  L.,  which  has  "  Pieties  "  once.  It 
may  here  be  noted  that  the  "  vmage  of  pite  "    inserted   in   the   British 


224  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Museum  copy  of  Caxton's  Pie,  c.  1487,  and  elsewhere,  is  a  different 
thing,  and  represents  our  Lord  with  the  marks  of  His  Passion  as  in 
the  "  Mass  of  St.  Gregory." 

a  verie  fair  skreene,  etc.  J.  These  words  appear  to  relate  to  the  altar,  not  to 
the  holy-water  stone. 

one  of  ye  Mounckes  did  hallow,  etc.].  The  "  Ordo  ad  faciendam  aquam 
benedictam  "  may  be  seen  in  the  manuals,  and  is  often  prefixed  to 
missals.  It  is  also  called  "  Benedictio  salis  et  aquae." — See  Rolls, 
Index  under  Holy  Water,  and  Scallop. 

the  other  stood,  etc.].  This  paragraph  should  be  read  with  the  concluding 
portion  of  the  middle  paragraph  in  ch.  XX.  Just  at  the  junction  of 
the  aisle  with  the  transept  there  is  what  looks  like  the  lowest  piece 
of  a  moulded  base  of  "  blue  "  marble,  but  it  seems  hardly  large 
enough  for  the  basin  here  described,  nor  again  is  it  "  at  "  or  "  close 
within  "  the  south  door. 

or  Lady  0/  pieties  alter].  Mentioned  a  little  above,  where  see  note.  The 
two  corners  of  the  base  of  the  column  opposite  to  the  site  of  this 
altar  have  been  cut  off,  possibly  in  order  to  set  up  the  wainscot 
inclosure,  which  would  doubtless  occupy  the  whole  space  between 
two  pillars,  and  form  a  "  porch  "  or  chapel. 

Sancte  saviours  alter}.  A  modern  tomb  now  occupies  its  site,  but  the 
remaining  corner  here  described  is  still  to  be  seen,  broken  off  flush 
with  the  wall. 

the  galleley  steple}.  The  N.W.  tower,  which  does  not  now  contain  any 
bells. 

or  at  such  other  tymes\.  This  reads  as  if  the  Bishop  usually  came  for  the 
principal  feasts.  The  bells  are  still  rung  when  the  Bishop  conies 
for  any  special  purpose,  such  as  an  Ordination  or  Confirmation. 

Euery  sonnday].  Every  holy  day  and  Sunday  according  to  ch.  XXII,  p.  46, 
where  the  "  faire  iron  pulpitt  "  is  described. 

roung  y<-  forth  quarter].  "  Roung  "  means  not  merely  tolled  or  knolled,  as 
for  the  first  three  quarters,  but  "  rung  up,"  that  is,  made  to  swing  up 
a  good  height  at  each  pull.  In  tolling,  as  here  understood,  the  bell 
only  swings  so  far  as  just  to  meet  the  clapper,  and  so  in  chiming. 

certaine  officers,  etc.].  The  bells  were  not  rung  in  peal,  as  in  later  times, 
but  either  separately  for  different  purposes,  or  two  or  more  together 
without  any  regular  sequence,  as  still  in  France.  It  required  more 
than  one  man  to  ring  a  heavy  bell,  and  so  they  had  "  imps  "  or 
smaller  ropes  attached  to  the  main  rope,  as  also  now  in  England 
for  "raising"  heavy  bells.  It  will  be  observed  that  three  of  the 
bells  had  two,  four,  and  six  men  charged  with  the  ringing  of  them, 
according  to  the  size  of  each  bell. 

in  y  latter  dayes  of  kyng  Henrie  the  eighte].  In  1540.  The  smaller 
monastic  houses  had  been  suppressed  in  1536. 

occupied}.     Made  use  of  ;  an  archaism,  as  in  "  Occupy  till  I  come." 

Tho.  Sparke}.  He  was  of  Durham  College,  Oxford,  and  took  his  B.D. 
degree  in  1528,  being  then  prior  of  Lindisfarne.  In  1529  he  came  to 
the  Abbey  of  Durham,  and  was  Chamberlain  at  the  Dissolution.  In 
1537  he  was  consecrated  bishop  suffragan  of  Berwick.     In   1541   he 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  225 

became  the  Brsl  prebendary  of  the  third  stall  in  Durham  and  Master 
ofGreatham  Hospital,  and  in  1547  rector  of  Wolsingham.  He  died 
in  1571,  holding  all  these  preferments,  and  leaving  behind  bim  "a 
myter  sett  withe  stonis  and  perle  silwr  tv  gilt  "  valued  at  13/.  65.  8d. 
— Scriptores  Tres,  156  ;  Durham  Wills  and  lnv.t  I,  380,  and  note. 

synce y*  was suspent].  The  use  of  it  suspended,  i.e.  at  the  suppression  of 
the  monastery. 

a  goodly  chyme].  Nolo  that  it  was  only  on  three  bells,  so  that  it  could 
hardly  have  boon  for  tunes.  Perhaps  it  was  a  chiming  apparatus  by 
means  of  which  the  "  rounds,"  or,  the  six  changes  possible  on  three 
bells,  could  bo  produced.  A  large  chime-barrel,  which  had  long 
remained  disused  in  the  Lantern,  was  brought  down  a  few  years  ago, 
and,  after  lying  for  some  time  in  the  workmen's  yard,  was  broken 
up.  This,  however,  appeared,  from  the  great  number  of  iron  pegs 
that  it  bore,  to  have  belonged  to  apparatus  more  recent  and 
elaborate  than  that  of  Bishop  Sparke  would  be.  Chimes  for  tunes 
had  been  in  use  for  some  time.  There  is  a  contract  for  a  chime  at 
Gloucester  to  play  Chris/c  Redemptor  and  Chorus  Nova  Jerusalem , 
dated  16th  July,  1525.  Hist.,  etc.,  Monasterii  S.  Petri  Gloucestrice 
(Rolls  Series),  III,  Intr.  ex. 

a  prison  for  ye  Scotts].     See  ch.  VII,  IX. 

XX,  pp.  40 — 41. 

The  South  angle}.  So  in  MS.  Cosin,  but  H.  44  has  "  Alley,"  which  is  also 
the  reading  of  the  later  editions  ;  L.,  C,  and  Davies  have  "South- 
Angle."  The  writer  no  doubt  meant  the  south-east  corner  of  the 
body  of  the  church,  including  the  aisle.  AH  the  editions  have 
"  angle  "  just  below. 

Robert  Neivell].  Bishop  1438-1457.  He  desired  in  his  will  to  be  buried  in 
the  Galilee,  near  the  shrine  of  the  Ven.  Bede,  before  the  altar  of  the 
same  {Scr.  Tres,  cccxli).  This  appears  not  to  have  been  done  ;  it  is 
stated  in  the  tract  on  the  Origin  and  Succession  of  the  Bishops, 
written  in  1603,  and  probably  before  the  destruction  of  his  monu- 
mental inscription,  that  he  "  lieth  buried  on  the  south  part  of  Durham 
Church."  There  can  be  little  doubt,  therefore,  that  he  was  buried 
in  the  Neville  chapel,  and  that  the  despoiled  slab  now  lying  beside 
one  of  the  Neville  tombs  is  that  of  the  bishop.  We  have,  however,  no 
description  with  which  to  compare  it.  The  matrix  shows  a  bishop 
in  his  mitre,  holding  the  crosier  in  his  right  hand  and  a  scroll  in  his 
left.     The  principal  inscription  has  been  on  a  plate  below  the  feet. 

a  /aire  Allablaster  table].  A  sculptured  reredos  of  alabaster.  Alabaster  is 
easily  worked,  and  as  durable  as  marble  indoors,  though  rapidly 
perishing  when  exposed  to  the  weather.  Such  "tables"  were  by 
no  means  uncommon.  They  seem  to  have  been  made  in  large 
numbers  at  Nottingham,  near  which  place  alabaster  abounds  (or  at 
least  formerly  did),  in  the  fifteenth  and  sixteenth  centuries.  See 
Archaologia,  LI  I,  679. 

'5 


226  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

invyroned  ivth  lrone\.  Some  of  the  holes  where  the  iron  rails  were  fixed  in 
are  to  be  seen  in  the  bases  of  two  of  the  pillars.  The  south  wall  of 
the  Neville  chantry  shows  some  remains  of  decorative  colouring1.  It 
had  a  five-light  Perpendicular  window  which  was  destroyed,  together 
with  its  heraldic  glazing,  in  1849,  in  order  to  insert  an  imitation- 
Norman  window,  when  the  whole  south  side  of  the  nave  was  refaced. 
See  Billings,  PI.  viii.  In  the  same  wall  is  a  small  recess  like  a 
locker  ;  it  seems  to  have  been  protected  by  iron  bars  that  have  been 
wrenched  out. 

behinde ye  church  doure\.  That  is,  to  the  east  of  the  south-east  doorway 
from  the  cloister,  as  far  as  the  respond  facing  the  S.W.  pier  of  the 
Lantern. 

a  chambre].  An  upper  chamber,  over  the  vestibule  of  the  south-east  door- 
way. It  must  have  been  lighted  by  the  Decorated  window  shown  in 
Billings,  PI.  viii. 

iiij  pillers].  One  being  at  each  corner  of  the  vestibule,  the  four  sides  of 
which  were  "  sett  out  "  in  the  way  described.  The  two  northern 
pillars  have  had  their  bases  cut  away  and  grooved  for  the  wainscot 
screen. 

in  ye  mydes,  etc.].  It  is  not  easy  to  make  out  the  exact  position  of  the  holy- 
water  stone  mentioned  in  this  chapter,  called  "  the  other  "  in  ch.  XIX. 
On  the  whole  it  seems  most  likely  that  it  stood  in  front  of  the 
wainscot  facing  the  south-east  door,  and  that  a  sort  of  canopy  like 
the  soundboard  of  a  pulpit,  with  the  great  star  on  its  under  side, 
projected  from  the  wainscot,  over  the  basin.  There  are  holes  "as 
if  for  fixing  a  canopy  "  over  a  holy-water  basin  at  Fountains. — Hope, 
Fountains,  in  Yorks.  Arch.  Journal,  XV,  309.  The  "moulded  base" 
mentioned  in  the  note  on  p.  224,  1.  13,  may  have  belonged  to  a  smaller 
basin  not  mentioned  in  Rites.  In  the  note  p.  224,  1.  4,  read,  "relate 
not  to  the  altar,  but  to  the  holy-water  stone."  It  is  clear  that  both 
the  holy- water  stones  had  wainscot  screens  and  canopies,  painted 
blue  with  gilt  stars. 

an  alter  wth  a  Roode\.  The  projecting  course  of  the  west  side  of  the  base 
of  the  column  is  cut  away  to  make  more  room  for  this  altar.  It 
would  almost  appear  from  this  passage  that  the  word  "  Rood " 
sometimes  denoted  a  figure  of  Christ  not  on  the  Cross.  But  there 
may  have  been  a  cross  behind  the  figure.  Indulgences  were 
attached  to  the  "  Altare  Sanctae  Crucis,"  probably  the  same  as  this 
one  "  of  the  Bound  Rood." — App.  VI,  Nos.  xlii,  lvi,  pp.  155,  158. 
MSS.  L.,  C,  and  the  editions  of  Hunter  and  Sanderson,  have  the 
reading  "  Bonn}-  Rood." 

inclosed,  etc.].     See  ch.  xix,  p.  38. 

the  grate,  etc.].     See  ch.  xxi,  p.  42. 

XXI,  pp.  41 — 42. 

The  Sanctuary\.  On  the  history  of  ecclesiastical  sanctuaries,  see  Diet. 
Christian  Antiquities,  s.v.,  the  Introduction  to  the  Surtees  volume  of 
Durham  and  Beverley  Sanctuary  records,  and  the  earlier  authorities 
cited,  particularly  Pegge's  article  in  Arch apologia,  Vol.  VIII,  p.  1. 

all  the  circuyte  therof].  The  circuits  of  Sanctuaries  were  usually  marked 
by  crosses  on  the  main  roads  leading  to  them.     On  the  mile-crosses 


NOTES   ON    THK    TEXT.  227 

al  Ripon,  see  Mem.  Ripon,  I,  33,  90.  Neville's  Cross  (ch.  xv)  and  the 
"Leaden  Cross"  formerly  at  the  top  of  Gilesgate  probably  served 
as  sanctuary  crosses.  Two  others,  on  the  south  side  of  the  city, 
called  in  later  times  Philipson's  Cross  and  Charley  Cross,  may  have 
served  the  same  inn  pose.  The  base  of  the  latter  still  remains,  and 
both  were  standing  iii  about  17S0,  when  drawings  were  made  of  them. 
See  Brit.  Mus.,  Kaye  Collection,  Vol.  II,  N09.  227,  228. 

knocking  &  Rapping}.  The  well-known  bronze  knocker  still  remains  on 
the  north  door.  Vor  representations  of  it,  see  Carter,  PI.  xi  ; 
Sanctuarium  Dunelm.  ci  Beverlac.  Surtees  Soc,  Vol.  5,  p.  xxiv  ; 
Billings,  title  ;  Greenwell,  title  ;  J.  T.  Fowler,  Durh.  Cath.,  61. 

two  chambers}.  Over  the  north  porch,  which  has  been  deplorably  mutilated 
and  "  Gothicised,"  are  still  left  some  slight  remains  of  the  chambers, 
to  be  seen  on  the  inside.  They  opened  by  a  staircase,  which 
remains,  into  the  triforium,  through  a  round-headed  doorway,  and 
were  lighted  by  two  small  round-headed  windows,  still  visible  though 
blocked  up,  looking  into  the  aisle.  Carter's  engraving  shows  the 
outside  as  it  was  previous  to  the  last  great  alteration.  It  appears  to 
have  been  extended  in  the  thirteenth  century  by  two  great  buttresses 
carrying  an  acutely  pointed  arch  over  which  was  a  lofty  gable.  See 
Greenwell,  47,  and  engraving  in  Durham  Arch.  Trans.,  Vol.  V,  p.  29, 
pi.  i. 

y  gallelei  Bell}.  The  present  tenor  bell,  recast  1693,  bears  the  inscription, 
"  Camp.  S.  Cuthberti  olim  Galalea." 

Sand*  Cuthb:  cross].  We  have  no  means  of  knowing  what  the  precise 
form  of  this  cross  was.  There  is  no  ancient  authority  for  the  modern 
"  St.  Cuthbert's  Cross,"  a  cross  patee  quadrate,  as  borne  in  the  arms 
granted  to  the  University  of  Durham  in  1843. 

such  a  frelige}.     Franchise  or  privilege.     See  Freelage  in  N.  E.  D. 

agrafe].  In  the  shaft  of  the  western  respond  that  stands  next  to  the  nave 
are  two  holes  where  iron  portions  of  this  grate  may  have  been 
fastened  in. 

king  Gulhrid}.  Guthred,  under-king  in  Northumbria,  883-894.  He  may 
well  have  been  devoted  to  St.  Cuthbert,  for  the  Saint  appearing  in  a 
vision  to  the  abbot  of  Luercestre  (Carlisle)  had  directed  that  he 
should  be  raised  from  servitude  to  the  throne. — Hist,  de  S.  Cuthb.  in 
Surtees  Symeon,  p.  143. 

king  Alvred}.  Alfred  the  Great,  regarded  as  king  of  all  England,  871-901. 
On  the  confirmation  by  these  two  kings  of  the  lex  pads,  attributed  to 
St.  Cuthbert  himself  in  the  first  instance,  see  above,  p.  137,  and  Sym. 
Dunelm.,  Historite  Recapitulatio,  in  Surtees  Symeon,  p.  73.  Alfred, 
as  well  as  Guthred,  probably  thought  that  he  was  under  the  special 
protection  of  St.  Cuthbert.  See  the  Metrical  Life  of  St.  Cuthbert, 
p.  126,  notes;  E.  A.  Freeman,  Old  Engl.  Hist.,  1873,  p.  130;  C. 
Plummer,  Alfred  the  Great,  1902,  p.  62. 

</  moste  fvne  large  wyndowe\.  This  window  was  made  and  inserted  in  the 
Norman  west  front  during  the  priorate  of  John  Possor,  1341-1374 
(Scr.  Tres,  p.  1  ;,-•). 


228  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Rate  of  Jessei],  The  genealogy  of  our  Lord  represented  by  figures 
standing  on  the  branches  of  a  tree  growing  out  of  a  figure  of  Jesse 
was  a  very  favourite  subject  for  painted  glass,  and  is  most  frequently, 
as  here,  found  associated  with  tracery  of  the  Decorated  period. 
The  ancient  glass  has  disappeared  from  this  Durham  Jesse  window, 
but  the  original  subject  has  been  adopted  in  the  modern  glazing. 
Some  small  portions  of  the  old  glass,  including  a  Crucifixion, 
remembered  to  have  come  from  the  uppermost  light,  and  some 
terminal  branches  of  the  tree  have  been  inserted  in  one  of  the 
modern  windows  in  the  north  aisle  of  the  choir.  The  "  Root  of 
Jesse  "  was  more  usually  represented  in  the  great  east  window,  as  at 
Selby,  Wells,  Carlisle,  Morpeth,  etc.  On  this  subject  see  Representa- 
tions of  the  Tree  of  Jesse,  etc.,  by  James  Fowler,  Selby,  1890. 

in  ye  top  of  ye  said  wyndowe].  That  is,  not  in  the  topmost  tracery 
light,  if  it  was  originally  occupied  by  the  Crucifixion,  but  in  the 
uppermost  part  of  the  window,  in  one  of  the  large  tracery  lights 
towards  the  top.  But  compare  the  account  of  the  Jesse  window  in 
the  Chapter-house,  p.  56.  The  Crucifixion  subject  mentioned  in  the 
last  note  may  have  been  put  into  the  uppermost  light  after  the 
destruction  of  the  original  glass. 

XXII,  pp.  42—51. 

appoynted  for  ivomen\.  Symeon  relates  (ch.  xxii)  why  it  really  was  that 
women  were  excluded  from  churches  of  St.  Cuthbert.  It  was  on 
account  of  disorders  at  Coldingham,  which  are  referred  to  by  Bede 
in  Eccl.  Hist.,  IV,  25.  The  monastery  there  at  first  included  both 
monks  and  nuns,  but  after  St.  Cuthbert  became  bishop  he  separated 
them  entirely  for  all  future  time,  and  caused  a  church  for  women  to 
be  built  on  Holy  Island,  which  was  called  the  Grene  Cyrice,  or 
Church  on  the  Green.  In  the  Metrical  Life  of  St.  Cuthbert  (c.  1450) 
we  are  told  "  pis  custome  is  ^it  at  durham,"  line  7205).  In  ch. 
xvill,  above,  the  custom  is  connected  with  the  fabulous  story  of  the 
temptation  of  St.  Cuthbert  by  a  king's  daughter.  The  Durham 
feeling  may  have  been  accentuated  by  its  being  recorded  that  St. 
Carilef,  the  patron  of  the  monastery  from  which  the  first  Norman 
bishop  came,  excluded  women  from  his  church.     See  pp.  133,  134. 

The  actes  of  ye  B.  ca.  26].  So  the  MSS.,  but  the  printed  editions  say,  "  of 
the  Bishops."  In  Durham  Wills  and  Inventories  (Surtees  Soc), 
Vol.  I,  p.  2,  certain  ornamenta  of  Bishop  Flambard  are  mentioned 
with  the  words  "  sicut  habetur  in  gestis  Episcoporum,"  the  reference, 
perhaps,  being  to  a  passage  in  the  Continuatio  of  Symeon,  cap.  i, 
Rud's  edition,  p.  258.  But  we  do  not  find  anything  upon  the  naming 
of  the  Galilee  there,  or  in  the  passages  relating  to  that  building  in 
the  continuators  known  as  Scriptores  Tres  (sometimes  entitled  "  Hist. 
Eccl.  Dunelm.  et  successio  Episcoporum  "  (Wood's  City  of  Oxford, 
Oxf.  Hist.  Soc,  II,  264),  and  "the  booke  entituled  The  Acts  of  the 
B."  remains  to  be  identified.  As  to  the  term  "  Galilee,"  see  note  a 
little  below. 

Hugo  Bushop  oj  Durhm],  Hugh  de  Puiset  or  Pudsey,  1153-1195.  He  was 
a  son  of  a  Count  of  Bar,  and  said  to  be  a  nephew  of  King  Stephen, 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  229 

but  in  what  way  does  not  appear.  He  was  a  powerful  and  ambitious 
prelate,  and  a  great  builder.  See  Scr.  Tres,  1  ■,  12,  and,  on  his 
buildings,  Mr.  Longstaffe  in  Durh,  Arch,  Trans.,  I,  1-8. 

/'</><•  Athanasius].  So  the  MSS.  and  Davies.  Hunter  and  Sanderson  say 
"  Paschalis  II,"  and  the  date  is  wrong  in  all  the  MSS.  and  editions. 
Bishop  Pudsey  was  consecrated  at  Rome  by  Anastatius  IV,  "in 
festivitate  S.  Thomas  Apostoli  "  (Sir.  Tres,  6).  Slubbs  says  Dec.  20 
[Reg.  Sacr.  Aug!.,  1897,  p.  47). 

but  a  fewe  yeres].  The  church,  all  but  the  towers,  was  finished  about 
1  1;,.;   1140. 

til  ye  ras/  otd\.  A  very  usual  place  for  a  Lady  Chapel,  particularly  when 
the  east  end  of  the  choir  was  not  occupied  by  the  shrine  of  a  local 
saint,  as  at  Durham  it  was. 

sundry  pillers].  In  the  tract  on  the  Origin,  etc.,  of  the  Bishops  of  Durham, 
compiled  in  1603  and  printed  in  1779,  p.  14,  it  is  said  that  these 
pillars  "  were  brought  by  shippe  ready  wrought  to  Xewcastle,  and 
from  thence  by  carriage  to  Durham."  Gaufridus  de  Coldingham  says, 
"  A  transmarinis  partibus  deferebantur  columpnae  et  bases  mar- 
moreal."— Scr.  Tres,  p.  11.  The  pillars  are  of  Purbeck  marble,  and 
would  be  brought  by  sea  from  Poole  in  Dorsetshire. 

great  rifles  apperinge\.  The  shrinking  and  cracks  in  Pudsey's  intended 
building  doubtless  arose  from  too  little  care  having  been  taken  about 
the  foundations,  although,  as  we  are  told,  there  were  too  many 
masters.  The  plateau  of  solid  rock  on  which  the  church  stands 
(alls  away  at  the  east  end,  so  that  in  order  to  obtain  a  good 
foundation  it  would  have  been  necessary  to  go  much  deeper  than  the 
old  builders  commonly  did.  From  the  same  cause  that  affected 
Pudsey's  work  at  the  east  end,  his  Galilee  at  the  west  end  of  the 
church  was  at  one  time  in  danger,  and,  but  for  Langley  s  massive 
buttresses,  would  probably  ha\e  fallen  down  into  the  river.  See 
Greenwell,  p.  50. 

not  acceptable  to  god,  etc.].  This  suggestion,  and  indeed  almost  the  whole 
paragraph,  is  translated  from  Coldingham  in  Scr.  Tres,  p.  11.  It 
was  usual  for  women  to  have  access  to  Lady  Chapels. 

east  end  .  .  .  vest  angle].  H.  45  has  "  east  end,"  "west  end";  Cos., 
"east  end,"  west  angle  ;  H.  44,  the  same.  L.,  C,  and  Davies  have 
"angle"  in  both  places;  Hunter  has  "East  Angle"  and  "West 
end  "  in  both  his  editions  ;  Sanderson  the  same.  The  word  "  angle  " 
was  loosely  used  in  the  sixteenth  century  of  an  outlying  spot  without 
reference  to  shape.     See  N.  E.  D.  on  ANGLE  sb.  4. 

called  the galleley  by  reason,  etc. J.  This  idea  has  probably  been  suggested 
by  St.  Jerome's  explanations  of  Galgala  as  Rota,  Revoluiio,  and 
Galilaea  as  I'olubt'l/s,  founded  on  the  Hebrew  galal,  to  roll,  hence. 
remove.  The  real  reason  is  given  in  Ruperti  Tuitensis  de  D/v.  Off., 
lib.  v,  cap.  8,  and  lib.  vii,  cap.  J 1 — 24  (Migne,  P.  L.,  Vol.  170). 
Sunday  is  the  weekly  festival  of  the  Resurrection,  and  in  the  Sunday 
procession  the  person  of  greatest  dignity  tjoes  first,  the  rest  following 
him  in  their  order,  symbolizing  Christ  going  before  the  disciples  into 
Galilee  after  the  Resurrection  (St.  Mark  xvi,  7  ;  St.  Matthew  xxviii, 
10).      "  L'nde  locum  quoque,  quo  suprema  stationo  processionem  ter- 


2,30  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

minatnus,  nos  Galilaeam  nominamus."     See  also  Hutchinson,  Durham, 
II,     7 m.,     where    a    note    on    the    subject    is    quoted    from    Durham 
Chapter  MS.,  A.  IV,  13.     The  same  note  is  printed  in  Rud's  Catalogue 
0/  the  MSS.,  p.  66.     The  Lady  Chapel  at  Durham  was  called  Galilcea 
before  1186,   as  appears  in  a  charter  quoted  by  Greenwell,   p.   49H. 
At  Ely,  Bishop  Eustace  constructed  a  new  Galilee  at  the  west  end. — 
Ang.  Sac,  I,  634.     At  Lincoln  the  Galilee  porch  is  at  the  south-west 
corner  of  the  great  transept,   and,  as  at   Durham,   an  ecclesiastical 
court  was   held   in   the  place  so  named,    "  curia  vocata  le  Galilee." 
At  Byland  the  west  porch  was  called  the  Galilee. — Hope,  Fountains, 
in  Yorks.  Arch.  Journal,  XV,  312.     There  are  several  quotations  con- 
cerning monastic  Galilees  in  Ducange,  s.v.  Galilcea,  and  for  Durham 
the  Index  to  Rolls  may  be  consulted,  under  "  Galilee." 
a  table  there  sett  vp\.     As  was  no  doubt  very  commonly  done  in  such  cases. 
ye   Cantarie}.       Bishop    Langley's    chantry-chapel,    founded    in    1414,    now 
destroyed,    but   standing    in    1603  ;     "  upon    the    toppe   of  the   doore 
whereof  his  Amies  are  sett"  (Origin  and  Succession  of  Bishops,  as 
printed  in   1779,  p.  23).      "  Istam  cantariani  ex  marmore  in  Galilaea 
fundavit,    .     .     .     cum  armis  artificiose  in  summitate  ejusdem  ostii  in 
marmore  insculptis,  cujus  sumptibus  tota  Galilaea  reparabatur  ad  sum- 
mam  ^499  6s.  8d.,"  So:  Tres,  146.     The  door-head  here  referred  to 
has  been  preserved  ;  it  has  shields  with  Bishop  Langle3-'s  arms  in  the 
spandrels  and  at  the  sides.     The  chantry  would  be  a  small  internal 
chapel  with  open  tracery  in  the  sides,  like  those  of  the  same  period 
(1406-37)  elsewhere.       It  is  shown  by  Carter's  and  other  old  plans 
and  drawings,  as  well  as  by  existing  indications,  that  it  occupied  a 
space  of  about  24  feet  by  13  feet,  bounded  on  each  side  by  two  of 
the    Galilee   arches.     Its  floor  was  raised  a  step  above  that  of  the 
Galilee,  as  may  be  seen  in  old  views,  e.g.,  the  engraving  in  Smith's 
Bede,   p.    805,    and    Carter's    drawing    reproduced    in    Durham    and 
Northnmb.  Arch.  Trans.,  V,  PI.  iv. 
Our  La :  alter].     The  mensa,    with   its   crosses,    now   lies   where  the   altar 
stood.      Its  size  is  about  8  ft.  3  ins.  by  4  ft.     See  Billings,    PI.  xxxiv. 
Below  the  floor-level,  to  the  S.W.,  is  a  sort  of  channel  that  may  have 
been  connected  with  a  floor-piscina. 
curious  ivainscott  ivoorke].     Wantonly  destroyed  in  1845,  when  the  masonry 
with   which   Langley  closed  up  the  great  west  doorway  was  taken 
down.     The  present  unmeaning  oak  doors  were  put  up  in  1846.     The 
wainscot  work  is  shown  in  old  drawings,   and  in   Billings,  PI.  xxxvi. 
Carter's  drawings  (one  in  the  possession  of  Canon  Greenwell,  and 
B.M.  Add.    29,933,   Nos.   62,  63)  show  the  reredos  and  canopy  with 
the  fine  aumbry  overhanging  the  doorway  on  the  South  and  another 
on    the   North.       Several   inscriptions  remained   on   the   reredos,   as, 
"  Sea    Maria     .     .  "   "  Sea   Maria   regina   celi,"    "  Sea  Maria  Mater 
Xpi,"    "Sea    Maria    virgo    virginum,"    etc.,    but    the    rest   are    frag- 
mentary.      These    inscriptions    were    referred    to   by   the   late    Dr. 
Townsend    in  a  sermon  preached    in    the    Galilee   before   they   were 
destroyed.     Raine  says  they  were  "in  letters  of  gold." — Brief  Ace, 
8yi.       So    Billings,    p.    33.       Carter's    drawings    are    reproduced    in 
Durham  and  Northumberland  Arch.    Transactions,  Vol.  V,    Plates  iv, 


NOTES    ON    THE    I  EXT.  231 

v,  vi  ;  pp.  29  36.  A  few  small  portions  of  its  perforated  tracery, 
very  like  the  geometrical  tracery  al  Brancepeth  Church,  have  been 
used  to  ornament  the  pulpit  at  Croxdale.  For  Langley's  masonry, 
ami  the  little  doorway  through  it,  see  Billings,  PI.  xxxiv,  xxxvi, 
xxxviii.  The  Norman  arcade  shown  in  tin-  plates  seems  to  have 
been  made  of  the  old  materials  taken  out  for  the  fifteenth-century 
doorways. 

was  song-  duly  by  ye  nf   .     .     .    playing-  vpon,  etc.].     The  meaning  must  be 

that  the  singing  of  the  parts  of  the  mass  allotted  to  the  choir  was 
managed  by  the  master  of  the  Song  School,  who  also  played  on  a 
pair  of  organs  which  must  have  been  placed  in  the  Galilee. 

Mr  John  Brimley],  Master  of  choristers  and  organist  from  1557  to  1576. 
He  was  one  of  those  who  were  called  to  account  in  connexion  with 
the  Rising  of  the  North  in  1569,  and  the  restoration  of  the  mass 
according  to  the  earlier  rite,  in  Durham  Cathedral.  He  owned  that 
he  was  twice  at  mass,  but  sang-  not  himself  at  mass,  only  played  the 
organs,  and  did  help  to  sing-  Salves  at  Matins  and  Evensong,  and 
went  in  procession  after  the  Cross.  He  received  holy  water,  but  no 
holy  bread,  to  his  witting,  yet  he  knelt  to  be  reconciled  and  bad 
others  do  so.  He  knew  not  what  was  woorde  (become)  of  the  grail 
that  he  commonly  used  for  the  teaching  of  the  children.  In  his  partial 
conformity  he  acted  under  compulsion. — Durham  Depositions  (Surtees 
Society),  148.  When  the  sacring  bell  rang,  Oliver  Ashe,  curate  of 
St.  Giles's,  "  looked  towerd  the  priest,  but  he  could  not  decern  the 
elevacion  ;  whereupon  he  loked  up  to  Mr.  Bromley  {sic)  then  in  the 
loft  over  the  queir  door,  and  smiled  at  hym." — lb.,  137.  Mr.  Brimley 
was  allowed  to  go  down  to  his  grave  in  peace.  When  examined  in 
1569  he  was  67  years  of  age.  He  died  in  1576,  being  then  74,  and 
was  laid  to  rest  in  the  Galilee  just  west  of  the  west  end  of  the 
Chantry,  which  had  not  then  been  pulled  down.  Over  his  grave  is  a 
stone  with  matrices  of  an  inscription  plate  and  shield  that  have 
apparently  belonged  to  some  one  else,  and  under  these,  with  an 
initial  pomegranate  incised,  the  linos,  "  lOHN  BR1MLEIS  BODY  HERE 
DOTH  LY  I  WHO  PRAYSKI)  GOD  WITH  HANI)  AND  VOICE  |  BY  MVSICKES 
Ill.AYENLIE  IIARMONIE  DVLL  MYNDES  HE  MAID  IN  GOD  REIOICE  | 
HIS  SOVL  INTO  THE  KEAVENES  IS  LYFT  |  TO  PRAYSE  HIM  STILL  THAT 
GAVE  THE  GYFT  |  OBIIT  AO  DN1  1576.  OCTO.  13."  One  stanza  of 
the  epitaph  of  Thomas  Tallis,  at  Greenwich  (Rimbault,  Cheque-book 
of  Chapel  Rural,  193,  from  Strype,  in  his  edition  of  Stowe's  Survey, 
1720,  Circuit  Walk,  p.  90),  might  have  served  for  John  Brimley.  "  He 
serv'd  long  Tyme  in  Chappel  with  grete  Prayse,  Power  Sovereygnes 
Reygnes  (a  Thing  not  often  seen),  I  mean  Kyng  Henry  and  Prynce 
Edward's  dayes,  Quene  Mary,  and  Elizabeth  oure  Quene."  In  one 
of  the  old  MS.  music  books  at  Durham  Cathedral  is  "  Mr  Brimley 
his  Kerrie,"  followed  by  a  Credo. 

iell>  eertaine  deeons\.  This  shows  that  it  was  what  is  now  commonly  called 
a  High  Mass,  i.e.  one  celebrated  with  deacon  and  sub-deacon. 
"  High   Mass"  is  properly  the  principal  mass  of  the  day. 

Bushop  Langiei],  Thomas  Langley,  Dean  of  York,  1401  ;  Lord  High 
Chancellor,   1405  ;  in  the  same  year  Archbishop-elect  of  York,  and 


232  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

1406  to  1437  Bishop  of  Durham.  In  1406  he  ceased  to  be  chancellor  ; 
in  141 1  he  was  made  a  cardinal  ;  in  1414  ambassador  in  France  ;  in 
1417  to  1422  and  1423  to  1425  chancellor  again.  At  York  Minster  he 
left  a  splendid  memorial  in  the  St.  Cuthbert  window,  which  was 
made    by    his    direction,    probably    in    his  lifetime  ( Yks.  Arch.  Jrnl., 

IV,  260,  273).  On  his  alterations  in  the  Galilee,  and  other  works 
there  and  elsewhere,  see  Scr.  Tres,  146  ;  Green  well,  78-80.  In  his 
will  (Scr.  Tres,  ccxli)  he  provides  for  his  burial  "  in  ecclesia  mea 
Dunelmensi  in  capella  beats  Maria?  Virginis  vocata  le  Galilee,  in 
loco  ad  hoc  jam  per  me  disposito."  The  deed  of  foundation  of 
this  chantry,  dedicated  to  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  Cuthbert,  dated 
June  18,  1414,  is  preserved  in  the  Treasury  ;  3cia  3013:  Pont.  No.  7. 
For  a  list  of  his  works  and  gifts  see  Durham  Wills  and  Inventories 
(Surtees  Society),  I,  88  ;  Rolls,  Index  under  Langley. 

did  reedefye  and  buyld  anew}.  This  is  over-stated.  What  Langley  did  was 
to  put  on  a  new  roof,  insert  the  three  central  windows  in  the  west 
end,  and  strengthen  the  west  wall  by  massive  buttresses,  between 
two  of  them  building  a  small  apartment  which  has  been  thought  to 
be  a  vestry,  but  which  by  the  discovery  of  a  well  in  1896  has  been 
shown  to  be  a  well-house.  There  is  a  lower  well-house  opening  on 
the  path,  where  the  public  could  dip  vessels  into  the  well,  which  is 
lined  with  lead  at  the  bottom. — Durham  and  Northumb.  Arch.  Trans., 

V,  24 — 28,  and  Plates.  Bishop  Langley  blocked  up  the  great  west 
door,  making  new  ones  at  the  sides.  In  front  of  the  doorway  he 
placed  Our  Lady's  altar,  and  before  that  his  own  tomb.  For  this 
work  and  for  his  chantry  chapel  and  woodwork  see  above,  p.  230. 
He  added  to  the  original  twin  shafts  of  Purbeck  marble  shafts  of 
stone,  turning  them  into  clustered  columns  of  four  shafts,  with 
capitals  and  bases  to  his  new  shafts  copied  from  those  on  the  old 
ones.  We  find  in  1432-5  : — Empcio  lapidum.  Item  in  29  futhers 
lapidum  empl.  pro  columpnis  Galileae,  56s.  9%d.  Item  in  12  (ut 
supra)  cum  cariagio,  175.  jd. — Misc.  Chart.,  Nos.  5719-20  ;  Green- 
well,  8o«. 

two  .  .  .  Aumeryes\.  Destroyed  in  1845,  shown  in  Billings,  PI.  xxxvi. 
The  lower  part  of  the  one  on  the  south  side  has  been  in  a  deep  recess 
hewn  out  of  the  side  of  the  great  doorway  ;  see  Billings,  PI.  xxxiv, 
and  note  above,  p.  230;  also  Durham  and  Northumb.  Arch.  Trans., 
V,  PI.  iv,  v. 

a  /aire  marble  Towme\.  This  remains,  and  is  somewhat  peculiar  in  its 
construction.  The  top  stone  is  fully  ten  feet  in  length,  by  nearly  six 
feet  across,  and  quite  plain  on  its  upper  surface.  At  its  eastern  end 
it  comes  close  up  to  the  altar-slab,  so  that  the  celebrating  priest 
stood  at  the  bishop's  feet.  Six  feet  of  it  project  westward  into  the 
Galilee,  with  six  stone  steps  on  either  side.  Round  the  cornice  ot 
the  projecting  portion  runs  a  chase  for  a  marginal  inscription  on 
brass,  now  lost.  On  the  west  end  or  head  of  the  tomb  are  three 
panels,  each  containing  a  large  shield  with  the  bishop's  arms- 
Scr.  Tres,  147  ;   Billings,  PI.  xxxiv,  xxxvi. 

he  founded,  etc.].  Cf.  Scr.  Tres,  146.  The  Place  Green  is  now  usually 
called    the    Palace  Green.      Bishop   Langley's  schools  have  been  in 


NOTES    ON    THE   TEXT.  233 

some  sort  succeeded  by  the  present  Grammar  School,  which  claims 
Henry  VIII  as  its  founder,  and  by  the  Cathedral  Choir  School.  His 
school  buildings  wore  reconstructed  by  Bishop  Cosin.  One,  the 
"  Old  Grammar  School,"  is  now  used  by  the  University  as  a  lecture- 
room,  the  other  as  the  University  Museum. 

i"'  I -ndy  of  pieties  alter].      For  another  altar   with   tin's  dedication,  see 

above,  pp.  38,  41,  jjj,  224.  On  the  sides  of  the  recess  in  the  Galilee 
in  Front  of  which  the  altar  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity  stood  are  contemporary 
paintings  of  a  king  and  bishop,  probably  St.  Oswald  and  St.  Cuth- 
bert,  while  within  the  soffit  and  at  the  back  of  the  same  recess  are 
bands  of  beautiful  conventional  leaf  pattern  characteristic  of  the 
twelfth  century,  under  which  is  a  representation  of  hangings.  The 
painting  in  the  middle  of  the  hangings  has  been  defaced,  and 
probably  contained  the  picture  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity,  which  seems  to 
have  been  an  insertion,  as  there  are  no  signs  of  any  canopy  or 
enclosing  compartment.  For  references  concerning  these  paintings 
see  C.  E.  Keyser,  List  of  Buildings  having  Mural  Decorations, 
3rd  edition,  1883,  p.  90.  Canon  Greenwell  suggests  that  the 
original  altar  of  Our  Lady  may  have  been  removed  by  Langley  from 
this  recess  to  the  central  one  when  the  latter  was  walled  up,  and 
that  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity  moved  at  the  same  time  to  this  recess  from 
the  one  to  the  north  of  it,  when  the  doorway  was  made  there.  On 
the  north  side  of  the  recess  is  a  curious  almsbox  constructed  in  the 
wall,  with  inclined  planes  leading  down  to  the  slit  at  the  top  ;  this 
is  not  mentioned  in  Rites,  nor  is  it  shown  in  Carter's  PI.  i,  which, 
however,  is  merely  an  ornamental  title,  and  is  incorrect  in  showing  an 
unbroken  line  of  hangings  and  ornament.  The  almsbox  is  indicated 
in  Billings,  PI.  xxxiv,  xxxvi. 

or  saviours  passion].  No  traces  of  these  pictures  are  left.  They  were 
probably  on  wood,  tabula?  such  as  are  frequently  mentioned  in 
connexion  with  altars  elsewhere.     See  Rolls,  Index  under  Tabula;. 

betwixt  two  pillers].  The  pillars  being  N.  and  S.  of  the  monument,  not 
E.  and  YV.      Billings,  PI.  iii,  v,  xxxvi,  xxxvii. 

a  goodly  rnonuwt].     See  further  in  ch.  XLix,  p.  96,  LII,  p.  103. 

ye  said  throwghe\.  "Through''  is  a  tombstone  or  tomb.  See  ch.  VIII, 
note,  p.  207,  and  ch.  xliv,  p.  87. 

to  drawe  vf>  and  downe].  The  wooden  pulley  still  attached  to  the  roof 
seems  to  be  too  small  and  too  far  to  the  west  to  have  served  for 
lifting  the  cover,  and  as  there  is  a  similar  pulley  on  the  other  side  of 
the  Galilee,  in  front  of  the  site  of  the  altar  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity,  both 
probably  were  for  the  suspension  of  lights.  There  is  a  rough  sketch 
of  one  of  them  in  Durham  and  Xorthutnb.  Arch.   Trans.,  Y,  PI.  vi. 

the  auncyent  historic].  Not  identified.  See  p.  198,  but  the  verses  on  p.  45 
are  not  in  Sir.   Trcs. 

a  feretcr  of  gold  o~  silver].  "  Feretrum  quoque  ex  aura  et  argento,  in  quo 
ossa  Venerabilis  Beda;  presbyteri  et  Doctoris  ferre  decrevit,  ex 
studio  artificum  tanta  diligentia  compositum,  ut  quid  magis  in  eo 
pracstet,  opus  an  decor,  attrectantibus  inerito  venial  in  dubium." — 
Scr.    Tres,  p.   1  1 . 


2^4  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

venerable  bede}.  The  usual  designation  of  Bede  appears  to  have  been,  like 
many  other  titles,  simply  an  adjective  in  the  first  instance.  It  would  be 
familiar  to  the  clergy  in  the  headings  of  homilies  from  Bede  in  the 
Lectionaries,  and  afterwards  in  the  Breviaries,  thus,  Homilia 
venerabilis  Bedte  Presbyteri.  See  D'Achery  and  Mabillon,  in  Acta 
SS.  Ord.  Ben.,  Maij  26,  anno  735,  p.  517.  The  learned  Benedictines 
do  not  even  refer  to  the  legends  that  professed  to  account  for  the 
title,  and  Trithemius,  who  wrote  in  1494,  says  of  them  "  deliramenta 
hsec  facillime  confutarem." — De  Scr.  Eccl.,  p.  66,  in  Fabricii  Bibliuth. 
Eccl.,  Hamb.,  1718.  In  the  Legenda  Aurea,  Nuremb.  1496,  Leg. 
clxxvi,  §1b,  followed  by  the  Nova  Legenda  Anglice,  Lond.,  1 5 16, 
xxxvz>.,  xxxvi,  Oxf.  ed.  (1901),  I,  m,  two  reasons  are  given  for 
the  title: — (1)  Once  when  Bede  had  become  blind  and  was  passing 
through  a  valley  full  of  stones,  he  was  told,  in  derision,  that  a 
large  congregation  was  waiting  to  hear  him  preach.  Then 
he  preached  fervently,  and  when  he  concluded  with  "  per  omnia 
saecula  sajculorum  "  the  stones  cried  out  "Amen,  venerabilis 
pater"  ;  (2)  A  certain  clerk,  wishing  to  write  an  epitaph  on  him, 
began  with  the  words,  "  Hac  sunt  in  fossa,"  but  could  think  of 
nothing  but  "  Bedse  sancti  ossa  "  to  finish  the  verse  with.  Coming 
to  the  tomb,  after  a  sleepless  night  spent  in  trying  to  think  of  words 
that  would  scan  better,  he  found  that  Angel  hands  had  inscribed 
"  Beda?  venerabilis  ossa."  There  is  a  third  story  to  the  effect  that 
the  title  was  decreed  to  him  in  Rome,  which  city  he  certainly  never 
visited,  for  his  acuteness  in  assigning  a  new  interpretation  to  the 
initial  letters  over  an  iron  gate,  S.P.Q.R.,  "  Stultus  Populus  Quasrit 
Romam,"  with  reference  to  the  Goths  swarming  to  Rome,  and  that 
on  his  return  he  died  and  was  buried  at  Genoa. — Baring  Gould, 
Lives  of  the  Saints,  May  27.  It  is  stated  in  the  Legenda  Aurea 
that  the  bones  of  Bede  were  honoured  with  due  devotion  at  Genoa 
(ianua).  This  statement  is  quoted  in  the  Legenda  Anglian,  but  in 
order  to  be  corrected  by  a  verius  tamen  creditur,  that  they  were 
with  St.  Cuthbert's  body  in  his  shrine. 

poscente  Richardo,  etc.].  Concerning  this  Richard,  see  Rolls,  Intr.,  Iviii, 
and  p.  597. 

lapide  sub  mamioreo].  There  is  a  blue  marble  grave-slab,  much  scaled, 
but  showing  traces  of  brasses,  still  lying  at  the  west  end  of  the 
present  tomb  of  Bede. 

the  discription,  etc.].  The  writer  is  probably  referring  to  Symeon's  Hist,  of 
Ch.  of  Durham,  lib.  Ill,  cap.  vii  (Rud's  ed.,  p.  158),  where  we  are  told 
how  Elfred  the  presbyter  brought  the  bones  of  Bede  from  Jarrow  to 
Durham,  secretly,  as  would  appear.  But  when  asked  by  his  intimate 
friends  where  Bede's  bones  were,  he  would  say  "  Nemo  me  certius 
novit,"  and  that  they  were  in  the  same  chest  with  the  body  of  St. 
Cuthbert.  Symeon  goes  on  to  refer  to  the  old  English  poem  on 
Durham  and  the  relics  there,  in  which,  after  mentioning  Cuthbert's 
and  other  famous  relics,  the  writer  says,  "  Is  Serinne  mid  heom 
&  ^ESelwold  biscop  |  &  breoma  bocera  Beda  &  Boisil  abbot  | 
— Symeori,  Surtees  ed.,  I,  153.  Lastly  he  mentions  their  having 
been  found  in  a  linen  bag  with  the  uncorrupt  body,  but  separate  from 
other  relics,  not  long  before  his  time  (c.  1060 — c.  1 130). 


NOTES   ON    IIIK   TEXT.  235 

in  a  golden  Coffin,  II.  45].  "  the  coffin,"  i.e.  St.  Cuthbert'.s,  is  the  right 
reading'.  The  Hunter  MS.  refers  to  Bishop  Pudsey's  "Fereter" 
mentioned  above.  Thai  shrine)  as  we  learn  From  ihe  inscription  just 
above,  was  removed  from  "nigh  St.  Cuthbert  shryne"  into  the 
Galilee  in  1370. 

ye  alter  of  St,  Beede],  At  the  recess  corresponding  to  thai  where  tin- 
Altar  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity  stood,  there  is  a  place  for  a  good-sized 
locker.     Billings,  PI.  xxxvi. 

ye  same  place  where  his  shrine  was  before  exalted].  The  spot  is  marked  by 
the  large  plain  tomb  made  when  the  shrine  was  defaced  in  154-'. 
In  1830  the  tomb  was  examined  down  to  the  pavement  level.  In 
1831,  on  St.  Bede's  day  (May  27),  a  more  thorough  examination  was 
made,  and  many  of  the  bones  of  a  human  skeleton  were  found,  three 
feet  below  the  floor,  arranged  in  their  places,  so  far  as  they  went,  in 
a  coffin  of  full  size,  traces  of  which  remained.  The  legendary 
inscription,  "  Hac  sunt  in  fossa  Beda:  venerabilis  ossa,"  was  soon 
afterwards  cut  upon  the  upper  slab. — Raine,  Br.  Ace,  79  ;  5/. 
Cutlib.,  178.  The  present  tomb  may  be  regarded  as  the  tribute  of  the 
sixteenth  and  nineteenth  centuries  to  the  memory  of  Bede  as  a  man 
of  letters.  Writing  about  "  The  reverend  Bede,"  Camden  says, 
"  And  that  I  may  incidently  note  that  which  I  have  heard  :  Not 
many  yeeres  since  a  French  Bishop  returning-  out  of  Scotland, 
comming  to  the  Church  of  Durham,  and  brought  to  the  shrine  of 
Saint  Cuthbert,  kneeled  downe,  and  after  his  devotions,  offered  a 
Baubie,  saying1  :  '  Sancte  Cuthberte,  si  sanctus  sis,  ora  pro  me  ' :  But 
afterward,  beeing  brought  vnto  the  Tombe  of  Beda,  saying  likewise 
his  Orisons,  offered  there  a  French  crowne,  with  this  alteration, 
'  Sancte  Beda,  quia  sanctus  es,  ora  pro  me  '." — Remaines,  1614,  p.  249. 

an  elegant  Epitaph],  The  epitaph  written  on  vellum  has  long  disappeared, 
but  the  inscription  is  printed  in  Smith's  Bede  (1722),  p.  823,  where  the 
last  line  is  given  as  "  IIa;c  sunt  in  fossa  Beda?  Venerabilis  Ossa." 

a  /aire  Iron  pulpitt).  There  are  now  no  traces  either  of  this  pulpit  or  of 
the  steps. 

a  fountc  for  baptising  of  children].  See  Scr.  Tres,  147.  The  privilege 
extended  to  the  administration  of  all  the  Sacraments. 

-.i'hen  ye  realme  was  interdicted].  The  writer  is  mistaken  in  this  matter, 
for  there  had  been  no  interdict  since  1208  13.  The  words  of  \V.  de 
Chambre  in  Scr,  Tres  arc,  "  Hit-"  (so.  Tho.  Langley)  "  etiam 
liber  t  at  es  quasdam  a  Papa  procuravil  pro  lavacro,  quod  collocavit 
in  Galilaja  in  ecclesia  Ditnelmensi  cui  virtute  praedicta:  concessionis 
omnes  excommunicati  ad  Alios  baptizandos,  cum  nullibi  per  totum 
filios  baptizare  liceret,  et  ad  reliquorum  omnium  sacramentorum 
adniinistralionem  accederent." 

foure  faire  coulored  .  .  .  wyndowes].  There  are  five  windows  in  all. 
Perhaps  the  one  at  the  west  end  of  the  north  aisle  was  blocked  up, 
or  did  not  contain  coloured  glass  when  (he  account  was  written. 
There  is  now  no  coloured  glass  in  any  of  the  Galilee  windows  except 
in  the  tracery-lights  of  the  three  windows  inserted  by  Langley  in  the 

middle  of  the  wesl   side.      These  will  be  noticed  in  their  places. 


236  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

et  patrie).  I.e.  of  the  Bishopric  or  land  of  the  Haliwerfolk  or  folk  of  the 
holy  man. 

in  his  bh'7ve  habitt  apparell\.  Blue  glass  commonly  stood  for  black  in 
representations  of  monastic  habits,  as  in  the  St.  Cuthbert  window  at 
York.     Sometimes  purple  glass  was  used  in  the  same  way. 

six  title  glasned  lightes).  These  are  now  all  filled  with  patchwork  of  old 
fragments  in  which  no  parts  of  the  original  subjects  can  be  recog- 
nized. In  the  extreme  tops  of  three  of  the  lights  are  large  stars  of 
many  rays,  which  may  be  original. 

cuius  anima].     This  curious  expression,  referring  to  St.  Oswald's  head,  is 

perhaps  unique  in  this  sense.     On  the  skull,  see  Archceologia,  LVII, 

24. 
holie  Kinge  Henry).     Henry  VI,  who  was  canonized  in  popular  estimation, 

and  was  within  a  little  of  being  so  officially.     For  his  pilgrimage  to 

Durham  in  1448,  see  Appendix  II,  p.  122. 

Historie  of  ye  monasticall  Church],  The  reference  may  be  to  Scriptores 
Tres,  p.  146  ;  hardly,  perhaps,  to  this  present  work,  p.  44. 

six  litle  glasened  toivre  wyndowes].  The  usual  term  in  the  "Description," 
Appendix  I,  for  the  upper  lights  in  Perpendicular  windows  is  turret 
lights.  A  good  deal  of  the  glazing  in  these  six  lights  has  the  appear- 
ance of  being  original.  In  the  third  from  the  south  is  Our  Lady,  riding 
on  an  ass,  in  a  long  white  robe  parti}'  over  her  head  like  a  veil,  and 
partly  wrapped  round  the  child,  whose  head  is  covered  by  a  cloth 
showing  the  face.  She  has  a  plain  nimbus  and  the  child  a  cruciferous 
one.  There  is  part  of  the  figure  of  Joseph  with  a  staff,  but  it  is 
displaced.  The  background  is  gone,  and  the  original  glazing  of  the 
next  light  also,  else  we  might  have  the  idols  falling  and  the  trees 
bending,  according  to  the  legend.  In  the  fifth  light  from  the  south  is 
Our  Lady  standing,  with  long  flowing  hair,  holding  up  the  child 
towards  a  group  of  about  ten  nimbed  figures  of  persons  gazing  on 
the  child.  On  the  ground  is  something  like  an  empty  cradle.  In  the 
sixth  light  are  several  more  persons  of  both  sexes,  some  nimbed  and 
others  not,  gazing  on  the  child  in  the  fifth  light.  In  the  second  light 
are  eight  nimbed  and  white-robed  figures  walking  and  eight  seated 
on  the  ground,  and  in  the  first  are  nine  similar  figures,  with  their  hands 
crossed  over  their  breasts  ;  all  are  gazing  in  the  direction  of  the 
Virgin  and  Child  on  the  ass.  There  is  nothing  now  to  be  seen  in 
the  least  like  Herod  pursuing.  There  seems  to  be  nothing  in  the 
Golden  Legend  to  account  for  the  gazing  figures  in  four  of  these  six 
lights,  or  to  the  showing  of  the  child  to  a  multitude  of  persons. 

Alured,  Gudred,  &  Elfride].  See  notes  on  ch.  xxi.  The  three  kings 
here  meant  are,  probably,  Alfred  the  Great  and  Guthred,  King  of 
Northumbria,  who  gave  to  St.  Cuthbert  all  the  land  between  Tyne 
and  Tees,  a.d.  894,  and  Alchfrith,  King  of  Northumbria,  who  settled 
the  Celtic  monks,  about  a.d.  660,  at  Ripon,  where  St.  Cuthbert 
entertained  the  Angel.  Baeda,  Vit.  S.  Cuthb.,  vii ;  Hist.  Eccl.,  lib.  Ill, 
cap.  25.     St.  Cuthbert  appeared  in  visions  to  the  two  former. 

St  Bede  doth  make  mention).  This  can  apply  only  to  the  donation  of 
Alchfrith,  for  Bede's  history  ends  a.d.  731. 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  237 

six  title  towrt  wyndewes\.  All  now  filled  with  patchwork  ;  in  the  light  mosl 
to  the  north  is  pari  of  a  figure  of  Christ  crucified,  with  some  one  at 
the  foot  of  the  Cross  ;  this  seems  to  have  belonged  to  the  original 
glaring. 

XXIII,  pp.  51  —52. 

y  J'crnicrv\.     See  eh.  XLVI. 

y  priors  c/iaplaine}.  For  his  duties  on  those  occasions,  see  Martene, 
Mon.  Hit.,  V,  viii,  "  De  ordine  ad  visitandos  infirmos  de  vita 
periclitantes  atque  ad  mortem  tendentes,'  and  cap.  ix,  "  De  modo 
adjuvandi  infirmi  ad  mortem."  The  Offiees  for  the  Visitation, 
Communion,  and  Extreme  Unction  of  the  sick  were,  as  opportunity 
allowed,  supplemented  by  litanies,  prayers,  and  readings  from  the 
Psalms  and  the  Gospels  of  the  Passion.  Other  duties  of  the  Prior's 
Chaplain  are  referred  to  in  the  Rolls  ;  see  the  Index  under  Prior, 
chaplain  of. 

y  barber  ivas  srnl  for].  The  washing  of  the  body,  which,  probably,  was 
always  done,  is  not  here  mentioned,  but  it  seems  to  have  been  a  part 
of  the  barber's  office.  In  some  monastic  rules  it  was  done  by  some 
one  of  the  same  rank  and  standing  as  the  deceased,  e.g.,  in  the 
Statutes  of  Lanfranc,  cap.  24,  we  read,  **  portelur  corpus  ad 
lavandum  ab  his  de  quorum  ordine  fuit  ;  id  est  Sacerdos  a  Sacer- 
dotibus,  Diaconus  a  Diaconis,  et  sic  in  reliquis  ordinibus,  Conversus 
a  Conversis  ;  infans  tamen  non  ab  infantibus,  sed  a  Conversis.  Hi 
vero  sunt  qui  lavare  non  debent  corpus  defuncti  :  Sacerdos  Heb- 
domadarius,  et  reliqui  ministri  qui  circa  altare  serviunt,  et  vasa 
sacrata  contrectant,  Hebdomadarii  coquinse,  Cellerarii,  Refectorarii.'" 
Further  minute  directions  follow,  concerning  the  washing  and 
dressing  of  the  body.  For  other  customs,  see  Martene,  ubi  cit., 
cap.  x,  also  Eccl.  Rit.,  Ill,  xi-xv  ;  ami  Lanfranc,  in  Reyner,  App., 
part  3,  p.  249  ;    Wilkins,  I,  358. 

sockes  and  bo?vtes\.  This  was  always  done.  The  writer  of  the  account  of 
the  translation  of  St.  Cuthbert  in  1104  says  he  was  found  "  vesti- 
menta  sacerdotalia  indutus,  in  obviam  Christi  caleeamentis  suis 
praeparatis." — Acta  SS.  Boll.,  Mar.  20,  p.  123,  sect.  13.  Although  a 
Christian  significance  was  given  to  the  calceamenta,  they  are 
probably  derived  from  the  pre-Christian  custom  "to  bind  hell-shoon 
on  men,  on  which  they  may  walk  to  Valhalla."  Cf.  Gisla  Saga,  On'tr. 
/si.,  ii,  208,  and  Dasent,  Gisli  the  Outlaw,  pp.  xxiv,  44,  45,  cited  in 
Plummer's  Bede,  II,  271. 

y  Dead  manes  chamber].  A  room  in  the  Infirmary,  as  stated.  The 
addition  in  H.  45  is  a  mistake  which  has  arisen  from  a  confusion 
between  the  chamber  in  the  Infirmary  and  the  "  Parler  "  mentioned 
below.      It  is  not  repeated  in  the  printed  editions. 

St  Andrewes  chappell].  No  trace  of  this  chapel  is  now  to  be  seen.  It  mav 
have  projected  eastward  from  the  Infirmary,  but  no  foundations  were 
found  when  its  supposed  site  was  excavated  some  years  ago.  For 
several  notices  o(  it,  see  Rolls,  Index  under  Infirmary,  chapel  ot\  259 
and  later  pages.  The  references  before  p.  259  belong  to  the 
Infirmary  without  the  gates, 


238  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

kneys],     The  local  pronunciation,  riming  with  "  weighs. " 

chyldren  of  thaumerey\.     See  ch.  XLVIII,  and  Rolls,  Index  under  Almery. 

spatter].     So  H.  45,  but  "  Psalter  "  in  other  MSS.  and  in  the  editions. 

V  chapter  house].  This  was  probably  the  finest  Norman  Chapter-house  in 
England,  78^4  feet  long  and  35  feet  wide,  vaulted  throughout,  with 
an  apsidal  east  end,  and  a  fine  arcade  over  the  wall-bench  for  the 
monks.  In  the  centre  of  the  apse,  standing  on  a  dais  of  two  steps, 
was  the  Bishop's  stone  chair  (ch.  XXVI,  p.  56).  See  Greenvvell,  40-43  ; 
Billings,  PI.  Hi  (in  which  the  three  east  windows  are  conjeclurally 
put  in)  ;  Carter,  Plan,  and  his  drawings,  reproduced  in  Durh.  and 
Northumb.  Arch.  Trans.,  V,  plates  ii,  iii,  pp.  31-33  ;  Raine,  Br.  Ace, 
103 — 108,  with  view  of  exterior.  The  greater  part  of  this  fine 
building  was  pulled  down  in  1796,  but  rebuilt,  mainly  on  the  old 
lines,  in  1895.  Grancolas,  writing  on  the  subject  of  the  Chapter 
Office,  says  "  Locus  ille  Capitulum  appellabatur,  quia  Capitulum 
Regulae  ibi  perlegebatur." — In  Brev.  Rom.,  cap.  xxxvi.  See  also 
Did.  Chr.  Antiq.,  I,  288,  and  N.  E.  D.  under  Chapter  4.  The 
application  of  the  term  would  naturally  be  extended  so  as  to  include 
the  corresponding  places  connected  with  churches  of  secular  canons. 

Dergie],  The  Dirige  or  Matins  of  the  Dead,  so  called  from  its  first 
antiphon  "  Dirige  Domine  Deus  metis  in  conspectu  tuo  viam  meam," 
whence  "  Dirge"  in  its  later  senses. 

and  devotion].  Perhaps  the  Prior  and  Convent  remained  some  time  in 
private  devotion  after  they  had  said  their  Dirge. 

ye  parler].  The  passage  between  the  Chapter-house  and  the  end  of  the 
transept,  leading  from  the  cloister  to  the  cemetery,  and  very  commonly 
found  in  monastic  plans  ;  at  Thornton  it  is  closed  eastward  and  seated 
all  round,  as  if  only  for  watching  the  dead.  The  utter  or  outer 
Parlour,  Locutorium,  or  Spekehouse,  was  usually  on  the  western 
side  of  the  cloister,  which  could  not  well  have  been  arranged  at 
Durham  owing  to  the  peculiarity  of  the  site,  so  the  above-named 
passage  was  thus  used,  and  was  doubtless  entered  by  the  country- 
folk and  merchants  from  the  east  end,  while  the  monks  who  spoke 
with  them  entered  from  the  cloisler.  The  Norman  doorway  of  the 
Dorter,  now  the  Library,  was  perhaps  the  Parlour  door  before  the 
Galilee  was  built.  There  was  always  an  inner  parlour  for  more 
strictly  monastic  conversation.  We  do  not  know  where  this  was  in 
Durham.    Possibly  they  used  the  passage  leading  from  the  Usher  door. 

a  challice  of  wax].  As  all  clerks  from  bishops  downward  were  buried  in  the 
habits  and  with  the  ornamenta  of  their  orders,  so  it  was  usual  to 
place  on  the  breast  of  a  priest  a  chalice  of  pewter,  earthenware,  or 
wax.  This  was  probably  a  survival  of  the  strange  practice  of  burying 
the  consecrated  elements  with  the  dead,  on  which  see  Martene,  Eccl. 
Rit.,  lib.  Ill,  cap.  xii,  sect,  x,  xi. 

his  blew  bedd  houlden  over  his  grave.]  Possibly  a  survival  of  the  practice  of 
laying  over  the  uncoffined  body,  in  place  of  a  stone  or  wooden 
covering,  a  woollen  or  linen  sheet,  before  casting  in  the  earth. — 
Martene,  Mon.  Rit.,  V,  x,  sect.  108, 


MOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  2,y> 

v*  making  of  his  grave],  "  During  the  excavation  (of  part  of  the  cemetery 
of  the  monks)  .  .  a  few  years  ago  .  .  a  very  great  number  of 
skeletons  were  found  ranging  closely  side  by  side,  buried  in  coffins 
made  of  thin  stones  sel  on  edge,  and  all  of  them  without  sepulchral 
memorials,  save  Ihe  grave  of  Earl  Cospatrick,  .  .  who  in  his 
latter  years  had  exchanged  his  coronet  for  the  cowl  ol  a  monk." 
— Raine,  Br.  .Arc,  48,  68.  Earl  Cospat rick's  supposed  coffin  and  its 
cover,  inscribed    >J<   GOSPATRICVS   COMES,    were   found    in    iMji    (Rud's 

Catalogue,  218//.).     They  are  now  preserved  in  the  cellarage  under 
the  Dormitory,  but   it  seems  doubtful  whether  the  coffin  belongs  to 

Ihe  cover.      In  the  sixteenth  century  monks  were  buried  in   wooden 
"chests."  —  Rolls,  292//. 

XXIV,  pp.  52-53. 

a  title  challice  of  silver].  In  the  Historica  Narratio  concerning-  the  Trans- 
lation of  St.  Cuthbert  in  1104,  the  writer,  after  mentioning  the  silver 
altar  and  Other  things  found  in  the  coffin,  names  "calicem  paruum 
quidem,  sed  materia  et  opere  preciosttm  "  ;  a  cup  of  onyx  fixed  on 
the  back  of  a  lion  of  pure  gold.  Acta  SS.  Boll.,  20  Mar.,  140; 
Raine,  St.  Cuthb.,  81.  For  references  to  silver  coffin  chalices,  see 
Hope  and  Fallow  in  Archceol.  Journal,  XLIII,  138,  etc. 

XXY\   pp.  53—54. 

Johannes  Josscr\.  See  above,  eh.  xiv.  The  eight  Priors  whose  names 
follow  next  after  Fossor  have  been  mentioned  in  chapters  XIV,  xvi, 
XVII. 

Hugo  Whithead].  Hugh  Whitehead,  D.D.,  Oxon.,  1513,  succeeded  to  the 
Priorate  in  1524,  having  been  Warden  of  Durham  College  in  Oxford. 
Chambre  gives  him  a  very  high  character  {Scr.  Tres,  154).  He 
effected  considerable  repairs  at  Bearpark,  and  built  the  Prior's  Hall, 
with  its  appurtenances,  at  Pittington  ;  remains  of  these  were  to  be 
seen  about  a  century  ago.  Having  been  Prior  for  eighteen  years, 
he  surrendered  the  monastery  Dec.  31,  1540,  and  was  appointed 
Dean  in  1541.  He  probably  sympathized  with  the  old  learning  and 
forms  of  worship,  for  earlv  in  the  reign  of  Edward  VI  he  was 
summoned  to  appear  before  the  Council  in  London.  His  health 
broke  down  under  the  fatigue  and  anxiety  of  the  journey,  and  he 
died  in  1548,  soon  after  his  arrival  in  London.  He  was  buried  in 
the  Church  of  ihe  Holy  Trinity  in  ihe  Minories,  near  the  Tower. 
A.  Wood  has  preserved  part  of  his  epitaph,  viz.,  "  Here  lyeth  the 
body  of  Hugh  Whitehead,  the  last  Prior  of  Durham,  and  first   Dean 

thereof,    who    died    at    London ami    was    buried    in 

(he  Church  of  ihe  Minories,  Anno  — — ." — Willis,  Cathedrals,  I, 

Robert  II<>rne\.  An  eager  reformer,  D.  D.,  Cantab.,  1549,  Dean  of  Durham, 
1551.  He  was  deprived  under  Mary  in  1553,  but  restored  under 
Elizabeth  in  1559,  ami  in  1561  was  consecrated  bishop  of  Winchester. 
During  his  exile,  In-  became  the  head  of  the  English  party  at 
Frankfort.  For  the  mischief  and  sacrilege  perpetrated  by  him  at 
Durham,    see    chapters    XXXIII,    XXXV,    XXXVI,   and    tor    the   same  al 


240  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Winchester,  see  the  full  account  of  him  in  the  Dictionary  of  National 
Biography-  According  to  Fuller,  the  pamphleteers  of  his  day 
"  sported  with  his  name,  as  hard  in  nature,  and  crooked  in 
conditions,"  not  noticing  "  how  Horn  in  Scripture  importeth  power, 
preferment,  and  safety."  They  moreover  "twitted  his  person,  as 
dwarfish  and  deformed,"  showing  their  malice  "who  carp  at  the 
case  when  they  cannot  find  fault  with  the  Jewel,"  He  was,  it  seems, 
a  person  of  "  a  sprightful  and  fruitful  wit."  He  died  in  Southwark, 
and  was  buried  in  Winchester  Cathedral,  under  a  flat  marble  stone, 
says  Godwin,  with  this  inscription  : — "  Robertus  Home  theologiae 
doctor  eximius,  quondam  Christi  causa  exul,  deinde  Episcopus 
Winton.  pie  obiit  in  Domino  Iun.  1,  1580.  Episcopatus  sui  anno  19." 
Godwin,  Catalogue  of  the  Bishops,  1601,  p.  196. 

XXVI,  pp.  54-56. 

Bushops  of  Durh>"\.  Notices  of  the  Bishops  may  be  found  in  Symeon's 
Hist,  of  the  Church  of  Durham  and  in  the  continuation,  in  Scripfores 
Tres,  in  our  Appendix,  No.  IV,  p.  139,  and  in  the  works  of  the 
mediaeval  chroniclers.  In  English  we  have  Godwin's  Catalogue  (also 
in  Latin),  the  tract  on  the  Origin  and  Succession  of  the  Bishops  of 
Durham,  printed  by  Allan  in  1779  from  Durh.  Cath.  MS.  c.  iv,  14 
(1603),  and  the  accounts  of  them  in  Browne  Willis,  Hutchinson,  and 
Surtees  ;  see  also  the  short  but  serviceable  notes  in  Murray's 
Handbook  to  Durham  Cathedral. 

Eadmundus  .  .  .  under  one  stone].  Not  now  to  be  found,  nor  is  it  shown  in 
Browne  Willis's  plan  (1727).  A  Durham  Calendar  has  "  ij  nonas 
Junij.  Translacio  ep'or.  dunelm.  Edmu'di  &  Edredi." — Harl.  MS. 
1804.  Prior  Melsonby  was  buried  in  the  same  grave.  See  note 
below,  on  ch.  xxxiv. 

Walcherus  .  .  .  under  one  stone].  A  long  narrow  grave-cover,  inscribed, 
>Jl  aldvinvs  (et)  walchervs  episcopi.  In  a  Durham  Calendar  {Harl. 
4664)  we  find  "  ij  nonas  Marcij.  Translatio  Walcheri,  Will'i,  & 
turgoti  Ep'or.  Dunelm.  &  fr(atrum),"  and  in  another  (Harl.  1804) 
"  Non.  Marcii,  translacio  ep'or.  dunelm.  Alduni  Walcheri  Will'mi  et 
turgoti  ep'i  Scottorum."  The  same  entry  occurs  under  v  Non.  Mar. 
See  Obituary  in  Liber  Vita,  141.  This  translation  of  the  bodies  of 
certain  bishops  and  their  brethren  was  a  removal  from  their  former 
place  of  burial  to  the  present  Chapter-house,  and  it  would  be  then 
that  in  two  instances  two  bodies  were  placed  in  one  grave.  The 
remaining  grave-covers  up  to  and  including  that  of  William  de 
St.  Barbara  are  uniform  in  character,  and  were  probably  all  made 
and  inscribed  soon  after  the  completion  of  the  Chapter-house. 

Short  read,  etc.].  The  war-cry  of  the  mob  at  the  murder  of  Walcher  at 
Gateshead  in  1080 :  "  Schort  red  god  red,  slea  ye  the  bischop  " 
(Wendover,  Flo  res  Hist.,  ed.  1841,  II,  17). 

Will'm's  ep'us].  The  stone  is  not  marked  in  Willis's  plan  (1727),  nor  is  it 
now  to  be  found. 

unth  Malcome  kinge  of  Scotts].  Had  Malcolm  been  present,  so  memorable 
an  event  would,  one  might  think,  never  have  been  left  unrecorded  by 
Symeon,  who  says  in  his  History  of  the  Church  of  Durham  that  the 


NOTES    ON     I  III-:    TEXT.  24  J 

bishop,  Turgot,  and  the  brethren  placed  the  first  stones  in  the 
foundation  Aug.  11,  1093,  having  begun  to  dig  the  foundations  on 
Friday,  July  29th,  which,  by  the  way,  they  seem  not  to  bave 
regarded  as  an  "  unlucky  day."  The  Continuator  and  other 
authorities,  however,  represent  Malcolm,  Bishop  William,  and  Prior 
Turgot,  as  laying  the  three  first  foundation  stones.  See  Symeon, 
ed.  Bedford,  p.  236,  and  Surtees  ed.,  Vol.  I,  xxvii,  103;  Rolls 
ed.,  II,  220;  Freeman,  William  Rufus,  II,  tin.  Ii  seems  on  the 
whole  most  likely  that  not  only  King  Malcolm  but  the  Earl  of 
Northumberland  and  all  the  magnates  of  the  North  were  present, 
Symeon  not  caring  to  mention  any  but  ecclesiastics.  And  although 
Malcolm  had  been  a  persecutor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Cuthbert,  there 
may  have  been  peace  just  at  this  time. 

Ranu/phus\.  This  and  the  two  following  stones  lie  side  by  side  over  the 
stone  coffins,  are  quite  uniform,  and  are  inscribed  respectively, 
>J<  RANNVLFVS  '  EPISCOPVS  ■  ,  ijl  GAVFRIDUS  ■  EPI  (the  rest  perished), 
and  WILLS  :  EPISCOPVS  ■  SECVNDVS  •  For  an  account  of  an  examina- 
tion of  the  graves  see  Archceologia,  XLY,  385 — 404,  or  Durham  and 
Northumb,  Arch.  Trans.,  II,  235 — 270  and  plates. 

Hugo  de  Puteaco],  On  a  large  piece  and  a  small  fragment  of  a  thick  blue 
marble  slab  are  an  initial  cross,  parts  of  two  letters,  and  O  •  EPS. 
The  slab  is  shown  entire  in  Willis's  plan,  and  was  no  doubt  broken 
up  when  the  Chapter-house  was  demolished  in  1796. 

King  S/eph.  was  his  vncle\.  Stephen  addresses  him  as  "  nepoti  meo  "  in  a 
charter,  Scr.  Tres,  App.  No.  xxvii  ;  and  in  another  charter  (No. 
xxxii)  Henry  II,  who  was  a  nephew  of  Stephen,  describes  the  bishop 
as  "  cognatus  mens."  But  how  the  relationships  came  about  does 
not  appear  to  be  known. 

Philippus}.  Willis  marks  this  stone  in  his  plan,  but  as  both  it  and  the  last 
one  came  in  the  line  of  the  wall  made  in  1796,  they  were  destroyed, 
together  with  the  graves,  in  digging  the  foundations  at  that  time. 
This  bishop  was  buried  by  laymen  in  unconsecrated  ground  outside 
the  bounds  of  the  church  (Scr.  Tres,  26),  but  perhaps  his  body  may 
afterwards  have  been  removed  to  the  Chapter-house. 

Richardus  de  marisco].  Also  shown  by  Willis,  but  destroyed  with  the  last 
two. 

Nicholaus  defarnham\.  A  long  blue  grave-cover  indicated  by  Willis  still 
bears  the  words  >J<  NICHOLAUS  ■  de  ■  farnam  epi.  It  is  said  in  ch. 
xxxiv,  p.  73,  that  Prior  Melsonby,  who  was  elected  bishop  by  the 
monks  but  not  consecrated,  and  Bishop  Farnham,  lie  under  one  stone 
in  the  Chapter-house. 

Walterus  dc  kirkham].  A  long  freestone  cover  similar  to  the  earliest  ones, 
indicated  by  Willis,  bears  the  words  ^< WALTERUS  ;  DE  •  KIRKHEM 
1  p.  The  bishop  died  at  llowden  on  the  eve  of  St.  Laurence,  a. 11. 
1260,  and  was  buried  at  Durham  on  tin-  octave  {Scr.  Tres,  44).  The 
viscera  were  interred  at  llowden,  where  there  is  a  grave-cover  of 
FrOSterley  marble,  now  lying  loose  and  broken  in  the  church,  with  a 
raised    cross   and    lliis   inscription:  —  II'    RBQVl(escvn1     v)lCERA    WALT'] 

kirkha'  ■  ovo'da    j  dunelmib's  'bp'i  ■  oka  (the  rest  defaced). 
16 


242  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Robert  us  Stichcll).  Willis  places  a  number  on  his  plan  with  the  reference 
"  Bps  Robt  de  Insula  &  Robt  Stickull."  There  is  a  blue  marble  slab, 
large  enough  to  cover  two  graves,  in  a  broken  and  defaced  condition, 

on  which  may  still  be  seen,   .Ob't'"  de  •    I'SUL. IKHYL.     The 

body  of  Robert  de  Insula  may  have  been  at  first  laid  in  the  part  of 
the  Chapter-house  below  the  step,  but  afterwards  removed  to  the 
higher  level  immediately  before  the  Bishop's  seat.  Bishop  Stichell 
died  on  his  way  home  from  the  Council  of  Lyons,  in  1274,  at  Arbi- 
pellis  (l'Arbresle,  dep.  Rhone),  and  was  buried  at  the  abbey  of 
Savigny,  but  his  heart  was  brought  to  Durham. — Scr.  Tres,  55. 

Robertas  de  Insula].     See  the  last  note. 

Ricliardus  de  Kellow\  Both  these  marble  stones  are  indicated  in  Willis's 
plan  and  shown  in  Carter's  with  matrices  of  brasses  on  them.  They 
had  been  removed  when  the  site  of  the  east  end  of  the  Chapter-house 
was  examined  in  1874.  A  portion  of  a  slab,  which  may  be  that  of 
Kellaw,  is  now  lying  in  the  undercroft. — See  Proc.  Soc.  Ant.,  Jan.  16, 
1890. 

king  Malcolme  caused,  etc.].  In  the  tract  De  injusta  vexatione  (Bedford's 
Symeon,  p.  374)  it  is  stated  that  on  Sept.  nth,  1092,  Bishop  William 
destroyed  the  old  church  which  Ealdhun  had  built,  and,  with  Prior 
Turgot  and  King  Malcolm,  laid  the  foundation  stones  of  the  new 
church  on  August  nth,  1093.  See  note  above,  p.  240.  Notwith- 
standing the  silence  of  Symeon,  Freeman  thought  that  Malcolm  was 
present,  and  that  his  presence  had  a  great  political  significance, 
indicating  that  although  the  king  of  Scotland  had  been  driven  back 
by  William  Rufus  in  1091,  friendly  relations  had  now  become 
established. 

one  Egchvvn,  etc.].  Bishop  Egelwin  or  ^Ethelwyn  died  in  1071  ;  William  of 
St.  Carilef  was  bishop  1081-1086,  according  to  all  writers,  whether 
Scottish  or  other. 

lyvcs  of  quene  Margaret,  etc.].  The  Latin  life  of  St.  Margaret  in  Nova 
Legenda  Anglice  and  elsewhere  has  been  attributed  to  Turgot,  but  no 
writings  by  him  "  in  the  Scottishe  tongue  "  are  now  known. 

This  Turgotus].     See  above,  pp.  67,  72. 

emonges  the  rest  ofye  Bushops],  His  long  narrow  grave-cover  of  freestone 
is  indicated  on  Willis's  plan,  and  the  inscription  »J<  TVRGOTVS 
episco  .  .  .  can  just  be  made  out.  There  is  yet  another  very 
interesting  grave-cover  in  the  Chapter-house,  not  noticed  in  Rites, 
nor  indicated  in  Willis's  plan,  namely  that  of  Robert  de  Graystanes 
the  chronicler,  who  was  elected,  consecrated,  and  installed  as  bishop 
of  Durham,  but  was  obliged  by  pope  and  king  to  retire  in  favour  of 
Richard  de  Bury  in  1333.  There  are  entries  relating  to  this  business 
in  Rolls,  521,  522,  525.  His  episcopal  seal  is  shown  in  Surtees's  His- 
tory, Vol.  I,  Plates  of  Seals,  PI.  iii,  No.  1.  He  died  shortly  after,  and 
was  buried  with  the  other  bishops  in  the  Chapter-house,  where  the 
following  inscription  may  be  seen  in  letters  filled  up  with  lead,  on  a 
long  narrow  stone  (De  Graystane)  NATVS  \   IACET  \   HIC  ■    ROBERTVS  ■ 

HVMATVS     LEGIBVS    ARMATVS     ROGO    \    SIT    SANCTIS    \    SOCIATVS    AMEN. 

The  two  first  words  are  gone,  but  are  here  taken  from  Willis's  Cathe- 
drals, I,  241.     Prior  Melsonby,  who  had  been  elected  to  the  bishopric, 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  243 

but  against  whom  sixteen  exceptions  were  raised  by  Henry  III,  so 
that  his  election  was  quashed,  was  also  buried  in  the  Chapter-house, 
and,  as  it  happened,  in  the  grave  oi'  Bishops  Eadmund  and  Eadred 
("  Etheldredus  "  in  Scr.  Tres).  Miraculous  visions  are  related  in  con- 
nexion with  liis  death  ami  burial. — Scr.  '/'res,  pp.  38—41,  and  Ixxii. 
seat  of  stone].     This  seat  is  well  shown  by  Carter  in   PL   xi,  and  in  his 

drawing  {Durham  and  Northumb.  Arch.  Trans.,  V,  PI.  ii).  It  was 
destroyed  in  1796,  but  the  arms  and  oilier  portions  found  in  1895 
have  been  worked  into  a  new  chair  made  after  Carter's  plate. 
During  the  nineteenth  century,  a  common  wooden  chair  served  at 
the  installation  of  bishops,  who,  as  the  honorary  heads  of  the 
Chapter,  are  placed  in  the  Chapter-house  seat  as  well  as  in  the 
throne.  The  reconstructed  stone  chair  was  used  for  the  first  time  at 
the  enthronement  of  Bishop  Moule  in  1901.  The  risers  of  the  wall- 
benches  still  remain  in  the  apse  and  sides  of  the  Chapter-house. 
Carter's  drawing  shows  them  as  they  are  now,  but  they  have 
probably  been  completed  by  oak  seats  for  the  monks  originally,  as 
well  as  footboards  "for  warmeness  "  (Cf.  pp.  62,  79).  Billings,  in 
his  "  restored  view,"  shows  stone  seats,  which  must  be  only 
conjectural,  for  Carter's  earlier  drawing-  shows  nothing  of  the  kind. 

a  prison  nc].  For  the  plan,  see  Billings,  PI.  v.  For  the  round-headed 
doorway  that  led  into  it  from  the  Chapter-house,  see  Durham  and 
Northumb.  Arch.  Trans.,  V,  pi.  iii.  On  the  wall  facing  the 
Chapter-house  are  traces  of  a  mural  painting  representing  Our  Lord 
in  glory,  as  the  Judge  of  all  men.  In  the  south  wall  of  the  eastern- 
most of  the  two  inner  chambers  is  a  hatch  for  passing  food  through, 
and  in  the  innermost  of  these,  which  has  had  between  it  and  the  last- 
mentioned  chamber  a  strong  door  with  a  bolt  outside,  is  a  latrine. 

</  /aire  glasse  wyndowe].  Now  filled  with  modern  tracery  and  plain 
glazing.     For  the  other  Jesse  window,  see  p.  42. 

XXVII,  p.  57. 

brmvght  to  yr  abbei  church].  For  example,  Eadmund  was  brought  from 
Gloucester,  Walcher  from  Gateshead,  Carilef  from  Windsor, 
Pudsey  from  Howden,  Philip  of  1'oitou  from  some  uneonsecratod 
place  outside  the  precincts  of  the  Cathedral,  De  Marisco  from 
Peterborough,  Farnham  from  Stockton,  Kirkham  from  Howden, 
Stichil's  heart  from  l'Arbresle  (Arbipellis),  De  Insula  from  Bishop 
Middleham,  Beck  from  Eltham,  Kellawe  from  Bishop  Middleham, 
Beaumont  from  Brantingham,  Bury  from  Auckland,  Hatfield  from 
Alford  near  London.  After  this  time  none  ot  the  bishops  who  died 
away  from  Durham  were  brought  to  the  Abbey  until  Pilkington, 
having  been  buried  at  Auckland  in  1575,  was  reburied  at  Durham. 
Bishop  James  was  buried  near  the  grave  of  Pilkington  at  the  west 
end  of  the  choir  in  1617,  since  which  date  no  bishop  has  been  buried 
in  the  cathedral  church  except  Van  Mildert. 

y  Customable  burying  of  y*  Bushopes].  On  the  burial  of  ecclesiastics  see 
Martene,  Bed.  Kit.,  Ill,  xii,  Sect,  viii — xii  ;   Mom.  Kit.,  X ',  x — xiii. 

phannell\.     The  fanon  or  maniple. 

Vfstmt\.      Here  used  in  the  narrower  sense  tor  the  chasuble. 


244  RITES    OK    DURHAM. 

Crutch\.  A  variety  of  crotch  or  croche  or  croce,  a  pastoral  staff  or  crosier. — 
See  N.  E.  D.  5.7'.  Crosier. 

a  title  challice].     See  above,  notes  on  xxm,  xxiv. 

ye  horsses,  charette,  etc.].  These  are  mentioned  in  the  accounts  of  the 
perquisites  received  by  the  church  at  the  burials  of  Bishop  William 
of  St.  Carilef  and  of  several  of  his  successors.  See  the  earlier 
pages  in  Wills  and  Inventories  (Surtees  Soc. ),  Part  I.  Together 
with  the  horses  and  bier,  the  Church  of  Durham  received  either  the 
whole  or  a  great  part  of  the  bishops'  capellce,  by  which  term  was 
meant  the  sets  of  vestments  and  other  ornaments  that  they  carried 
about  with  them,  including  all  the  articles  necessary  for  the  pontifical 
offices;  "all  there  furniture  belonging  therto"  (c.  XXVIII).  Raine 
gives  a  list  of  the  articles  acquired  by  the  Convent  at  the  death 
of  each  bishop  from  Carilef  in  1095  to  Langley  in  1437.  Brief  Ace. , 
145,  from  a  roll  compiled  by  Prior  Wessington.  Rolls,  Index  under 
Baudekyns,  Char'  d'ni  Ep'i. 

ye  historic  of  ye  church  of  Durisme  at  large].  Perhaps  the  same  as  Acts 
of  the  Bishops  ;  see  above,  p.  228,  and  just  below  in  ch.  XXVIII. 
But  the  Serif  tores  Tres  may  possibly  be  the  work  referred  to  in  all 
these  cases.  Here  cf.  Scr.  Tres,  p.  142,  and  Durham  Wills  and 
Inventories,  I,  1 — 5,  etc. 

XXVIII,  pp.  58-59. 

Anthony  Bceke],     As  to  the  bishops,  see  above,  p.  240W. 

in  a  /aire  Marble  Tombe\.  There  is  now  only  a  plain  floor-slab  of  blue 
marble  on  which  is  a  small  brass  plate  with  the  following  lines  : — 
"  Presul  magnanimus  Antonius  hie  jacet  imus  |  Jerusalem  strenuus 
Patriarcha  fuit  quod  opimus  |  Annis  vicenis  regnabat  sex  et  j  plenis  | 
Mille  trecentenis  Christo  moritur  quoque  denis  |  Restauratum  a 
Roberto  Drummond  Willoughby  de  Eresby  1834"  j  .  The  epitaph 
has  been  taken  from  Browne  Willis,  Cathedrals,  Vol.  I,  p.  239. 
The  tomb  was  before  the  one  altar  of  St.  Aidan  and  St.  Helen  (not 
"  2  alters  "),  see  p.  2. 

ye  wall  beinge  broken}.     See  above,  p.  194/;. 

Raphe  lord  Nevile\.  The  writer  is  mistaken  here.  It  was  Ralph,  the 
grandson  of  the  hero  of  Neville's  Cross,  that  was  called  Daw  Raby, 
and  was  first  Earl  of  Westmoreland.  The  earlier  Ralph  Lord  Neville 
and  Alice  de  Audley  his  wife  were  originally  buried  in  the  nave 
before  the  Jesus  Altar.  The  former  died  in  1367,  and  the  latter  in 
1374.  Their  bodies  were  removed  to  the  site  of  the  Neville  chantry, 
where  the  eastern  of  the  two  Neville  tombs  now  is,  in  1416,  by  licence 
from  Bishop  Langley  (Scr.  Tres,  App.  No.  clxxxi,  p.  ccvi).  Their 
tomb  has  been  a  very  fine  one,  but  has  been  denuded  of  almost  all  its 
ornamentation  and  of  its  inscription.  The  alabaster  effigy  of  Lord 
Ralph  is  reduced  to  a  headless  and  otherwise  mutilated  trunk  ;  that 
of  the  Lady  Alice  is  tolerably  perfect.  A  Durham  Calendar  contains 
this  entry  : — "  vii  Id.  Aug.  Ob  .  .  .  Radulphus  de  Nevell  et  Alic. 
vxor  eius."  —  Harl.  MS.  1804.  The  tomb  of  Lord  John  and  of 
Matilda  Percy,  his  former  wife,  under  the  next  arch  to  the  west,  is  in 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  243 

much  better  condition,  and  has  niches  with  "weepers"  all  round, 
together  with  many  shields  bearing  the  saltire  of  Neville  and  the  lion 
rampant  of  Percy.  The  effigies,  however,  are  both  reduced  to 
something  like  great  boulders.  There  is  no  indication  ol  any 
inscription  having  been  included  in  the  design.  Both  tombs  are 
shown  in  Carter,  PI.  v,  that  of  Ralph,  on  larger  scale,  in  PL  vi,  and 
that  of  John,  in  Billings,  PI.  xlviii. 

Lodowicus  Bellomonie].     See  above,  pp.  14,  206. 

Ricardus  de  Berye\.     Above,  pp.  -\  194. 

Thorn's  Hatfeilde\     Above,  pp.  19,  210. 

WaUerus  Schirley],     Above,  pp.  i!S,  209. 

Thorn's  Latigley].     Above,  pp.  44,  230. 

Robertas  \ei-<ell\.     Above,  pp.  40,  11^. 

Cuthbertus  Tuns/all].  "  In  his  Will,  proved ,/a«.  30,  1559-60,  he  order'd  to 
be  buried  before  the  Crucifix,  or  Rood  Lo(t,  of  Durham  Cathedral,  if 
be  died  in  his  Diocese  ;  or,  if  he  died  in  London,  in  St.  Paul's 
Cathedral,  where  lie  had  been  Bishop,  near  Thomas  Linacrc."  He 
was,  however,  buried  in  Lambeth  Parish  Church  with  this  epitaph  : — 
"  Anglia  Cuthbertum  Tonstallum  moesta  requirit  |  Cujus  summa 
domi  Laus  erat  atque  (oris  Rhetor  Arithmeticus  Juris  Consultus  & 
aequi  ]  Legatusque  fuit,  denique  Presul  erat  ■  Aunorum  salur  & 
magnorum  plenus  Honorum  |  Vertitur  in  Cineres  Aureus  iste  senex  |  . 
Vixit  annos  lxxxv,  Obiit  18  Nov.  MCCCCCLIX." — Browne  Willis, 
Cathedrals,  I,  245. 

XXIX,   pp.   59 — 60. 

ye  centric  garth].  It  will  readily  be  perceived  that  "  centrie  "  is  a  con- 
tracted form  of  "  cemetery."  Cos.,  H.  44,  C,  L.,  and  Da  v.,  have 
"  Centory  "  ;  Hunter's  editions  have  "  Centrev,"  "Centery,"  and 
"  Centry  "  ;  Sanderson  has  "Centry";  H.  45  has  "Sanctuary"; 
and  Roll,  above,  pp.  52,  53,  "Sentuarie,"  and  "  Sentory."  The 
Centry  Garth  is  now  wholly  effaced  as  a  place  of  burial.  See  below, 
in  this  same  chapter. 

a  vaulte  all  sett,  etc.].  There  is  a  similar  and  probably  later  vault,  now- 
closed,  in  the  cemetery  on  the  north  side  of  the  church  ;  see  the  next 
note. 

a  Chamcll  house  to  cast  dead  mens  bones  in].  It  was  the  usual  practice. 
when  bones  were  disinterred  in  making  new  graves,  to  put  them 
aside  in  some  sort  of  a  charnel  or  bone-house,  and  not  to  return  them 
to  the  earth  as  is  commonly  done  now,  ov  to  stow  them  under  the 
floors  of  pews,  as  was  often  done  from  the  seventeenth  to  the  nine- 
teenth century.  One  of  the  most  famous  chamois  was  on  the 
north  side  of  OKI  St.  Pauls.  "This  yen-  (1548)  was  put  downe 
the  chappell  with  the  charnell  bowse  in  Powlles  church  yerde  .  .  . 
and  a  iiij.  or  v.  C.  lode  of  bones  caned  in  to  the  feldes  and  burryd 
there." — Chron.  Grey  Friars  (Camd.  Soc,  LIU,  1852),  37.  The 
crypt  under  the  chapter-house  at  Ripon  Minster  was  used  as  a 
charnel,  known  far  and  wide  as  "  Ripon  Hone-bouse."  The  bones 
were  removed  and  buried  in  1865.  —  Walbran's  Guide,  1N74,  p.  74 
(wood-cut    illustration).       In   the   present    cemetery   OH   the   north   side 


246  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

of  Durham  Cathedral  is  a  large  charnel  vault  wholly  below  the 
surface,  marked  by  a  long  stone  inscribed  with  the  word  vault.  It 
was  discovered  2nd  February,  1831,  and  is  described  in  Raine's 
Brief  Account ,  p.  127.  It  occupies  the  same  situation  as  the  charnel 
vault  at  Worcester,  over  which  was  the  charnel  chapel,  served  by  a 
little  college  of  six  chaplains. — Prof.  Willis,  in  Arch.  Journal,  XX,  259. 
There  was  a  chapel  at  Evesham  known  as  the  camarium  or  charnel- 
house. — Liber  Evesham,  H.  Bradshaw  Soc,  p.  161.  The  charnel 
house  at  Abingdon  was  pulled  down  at  the  Dissolution. — Accounts, 
Camd.  Soc,  167.  The  crypts  so  often  found  under  the  east  ends  of 
chancels  and  aisles  in  parish  churches,  as  at  Grantham,  North- 
borough,  Sandwich  St.  Peter,  Hatfield  (Yorks.),  etc.,  were  used 
for  the  same  purpose.  See  further  in  Bloxam,  Gothic  Architecture, 
nth  edition,  18S2,  Vol.  II,  pp.  185 — 196. 

Mr  Racket i\.  John  Rackett  and  Lionel  Elmeden  appear  among  the  Lord 
Prior's  gentlemen  in  1510,  infra,  App.  V,  p.  144. 

yc  pictur  .  .  .  all  in  Brasse].  Brasses  on  tombs  outside  churches  were  not 
usual,  but  the  writer  seems  to  have  had  a  clear  recollection  ot  this 
tomb,  as  well  as  of  the  others  which  were  defaced  in  the  sixteenth 
century. 

a  washinge  howsc].  There  is  an  old  building  now  on  the  east  side  ot  the 
garth,  and  it  may  possibly  have  been  Dean  Whittingham's  laundry. 

XXX,  pp.  60 — 62. 

Holy  Water  stones].     See  above,  ch.  xix. 

taken  awat'e].     No  remains  of  them  are  now  known  to  exist. 

a  conveiance  .  .  .  as  thei  had,  etc.].  Holy-water  stones  sometimes  had 
drains  for  emptying,  but  not  often. 

Lambes  shop  ye  black  smyth].  Robert  Lambe  made  a  crook,  etc.,  for  the 
organ,  and  did  other  smith's  work  for  the  Chapter  in  1593. — Rolls, 
738. 

now  to  be  sene].  Probably  employed  as  the  base  on  which  Lambe's  anvil 
was  fixed. 

Mris  Whittingham\.  See  note  on  ch.  XV,  p.  216.  She  bequeathed  her  house 
in  the  North  Bailey,  "  with  the  lyttle  house  upon  the  wall,''  and  her 
lands  near  Orleans  to  her  son  Timothy.  Her  houses  in  Kingsgate, 
near  the  Bow  Church,  to  her  son  Daniel.  Her  armour  and  warlike 
furniture  to  her  sons  and  grandson  ;  also  Foxe's  Acts  and  Monuments 
and  her  great  French  Bible  to  other  relatives.  Her  husband's  will, 
and  copious  extracts  from  her  own,  are  printed  in  Durham  Wills  and 
Inventories,  II,  14 — 19.      Both  are  exceedingly  interesting. 

ye  Abbey  yard  ivher  now  they  are].  There  are  many  early  grave-covers 
lying  in  the  churchyard  on  the  north  side  of  the  Cathedral  and  in  the 
cellarage  under  the  Dorter  at  the  present  time.  It  may  here  be 
noted  that  the  Cathedral  Church  of  Durham  has  usually  been  called 
"  The  Abbey  "  by  Durham  people,  but  the  term  is  now  obsolescent 
except  at  the  Grammar  school,  where  the  Cathedral  is  never  called 
anything  else.  The  influences  that  destroy  old  traditions  elsewhere 
do  not  as  yet  greatly  affect  the  boys  in  this  matter. 


NOTES    ON    THE    1  EX  I  .  247 

Ambrose  Myers],  Some  one  oi  this  name  gave  u>  the  Chapter  Library, 
isi  January,  1665,  a  copy  of  Walton's  Polyglot,  ed.  1037,  in 6 vols.  fo. 

XXXI,  pp.   62—63. 

A  Song  School  in  the  Century  Garth],  The  earlier  Song-school.  For  a  later 
arrangement,  see  above,  ch.  xi,  and  at  the  end  of  this  chapter. 

betwixt  two  fillers].  I.e.  buttresses,  or  corner  turrets.  The  building 
probably  ran  north  and  south. 

the  children  of '  thalmarie].     See  ch.  xi.yiii. 

ye  place  where  ye  mr  did  sitt].  This  place  seems  to  have  been  very  much 
like  later  and  modern  schoolmasters'  desks.  Mr.  John  Brimley  was 
the  last  oi  the  masters  of  the  old  time.  See  ch.  XXII,  p.  43,  and  note, 
P-  -3'- 

ye  priors  gentlemen].  The  upper  servants  or  attendants  in  the  Lord 
Prior's  household.  At  Ely  they  had  liveries  of  "depgrene"  and 
"  litgrene." — Stewart,  Ely  Cathedral,  237.  At  Durham  there  was  no 
fixed  colour  ;  we  find  mention  oi'  green  and  motley,  green  ray,  blue 
and  green,  blue  mixture,  and  red  mixture. — Roils,  598,  O17,  632,  636. 

one  cannot  tell  almost].  The  effacemonl  of  the  old  Song  School  has  been 
completed  by  the  refacing  oi'  the  wall  against  which  it  stood. 

XXXII,  pp.  63—68. 

The  xiij'o  .  .  .  of  ye  Callandes,  etc.].  St.  Cuthbert  died  13  Kal.  Apr.  (20 
.Mar.),  687.  The  old  editions  all  wrongly  say  "  the  20.  of  the  Calends 
of  March." 

lyeth  waike].     Lithe  or  supple.     See  X.  E.  D.,  under  Leathwick. 

in  a  fereture  light].  Bede's  words  are  "  in  levi  area,''  "  levi  in  theca," 
meaning  apparently  the  wooden  coffin  still  existing  in  great  part,  as 
distinguished  from  the  stone  coffin  in  which  the  body  was  laid  at 
first.  See  Metrical  Life ,  ,vs.s4,  note.  The  wooden  coffin  was  covered 
with  carvings  of  saints  and  angels,  with  their  names  in  Roman  and 
Runic  characters.  See  Catalogue  of  Sculptured  Stones,  etc.,  Durham, 
1899,  pp.  133 — 156  and  Plates  1--13. 

said  to  be  descended].  Here  the  writer  is  following  the  fabulous  Irish 
legend. 

brought  up  in  the  Abbey  of  Mailros],  So  according  to  Bede  and  the  more 
trust  worth}'  authorities,  as  Symeon,  who,  in  the  main,  are  followed 
in  this  chapter. 

abbotl  Edrede],    Eadred,  abbot  of  Carlisle,  who  was  summoned  by  Eardulph, 
bishop   oi    Lindisfarne,    that    they    might    consult    on    this    matter. 
Symeonis  Hist.  Eccl,  Dunelm,,  cap.  xxi  (lib.  n,  cap.  vi). 

men  of  ye  shire].  The  Haliwerfolc  or  holy  man's  people.  The  wanderings 
of  the  Corsaint  or  holy  body  are  described  in  the  Metrical  Life  and  in 
the  earlier  accounts  referred  to  in  tin-  Surtees  Society's  edition 
thereof. 

turned  into  bloode].  It  has  been  suggested  that  the  water  may  have  been 
coloured  bv  the  red  earth  ot  tlu'  east  of  Cumberland. 


248  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

ye  bookc  of  y  Holic  Evangelistes],  This  book  is  supposed  to  be  still  in 
existence  in  the  British  Museum  Library,  to  be  identical,  in  tact,  with 
the  "  Lindist'arne  Gospels,"  thus  described  in  the  second  volume  of 
the  Pala^ographical  Society's  facsimiles,  PI.  iii  : — "  Cotton  MS.  Nero 
D.  IV.  About  a.d.  700.  The  Four  Gospels,  in  Latin,  of  St.  Jerome's 
version,  with  Prefaces,  Eusebian  Canons,  etc.  ;  and  with  an  interlinear 
English  gloss.  Written  at  Lindisfarne,  in  honour  of  St.  Cuthbert, 
Bishop  of  Lindisfarne,  who  died  a.d.  687.  Quarto  ;  258  leaves,  of 
I31A  x  97/&  inches,  in  double  column  of  24  lines,  stout  well-dressed 
vellum.  A  note  at  the  end,  in  characters  of  the  tenth  century,  by 
Aldred,  the  glossator,  states  that  the  MS.  was  written  by  Eaclfrith, 
Bishop  of  Lindisfarne  (A.D.  698-721)  ;  that  the  ornamentation  was 
added  by  Ethilwald,  Bishop  of  Lindisfarne  (a.d.  724-740)  ;  that 
Bilfrith  the  Anchorite  worked  the  jewelled  covers  ;  and  that  Aldred 
the  Priest  added  the  gloss."  It  has  been  shown  by  Mr.  Edmund 
Bishop  that  this  MS.  has  been  copied  from  a  Neapolitan  MS.,  which 
was  brought  to  England  by  a  missionary  from  Rome,  and  that  thus 
the  Lindisfarne  draughtsman  would  have  the  Byzantine  drawings 
which  have  evidently  served  as  his  models.  Facsimiles  of  the 
writing,  and  of  some  of  the  most  elaborately  ornamented  pages, 
will  be  found  in  Plates  3 — 6  and  22.  Detailed  accounts  are  given 
by  Sir  E.  Maunde  Thompson  in  Bibliographica,  1894,  Vol.  I,  pp. 
132-8,  PI.  iv,  and  English  Illuminated  MSS.,  1895,  pp.  4-10,  PI.  i, 
and  by  Westwood  in  Miniatures  and  Ornaments,  Lond.,  1868, 
p.  23>  PI-  xi''  x'ii-  See  also  the  Prolegomena  to  the  fourth 
volume  in  the  Surtees  Society's  Lindisfarne  Gospels,  and 
authorities  there  cited.  It  is  quite  possible  that  it  remained  at 
Lindisfarne  until  the  flight  of  the  monks,  c.  878,  went  about  with 
them  in  their  wanderings,  was  lost  in  the  sea  and  recovered,  and 
came  to  Durham  with  the  monks  in  995.  Symeon,  whose  history 
ends  in  1096,  mentions  that  the  book  on  which  Eadfrith,  Ethilwald, 
and  Bilfrith  had  laboured  was  kept  in  Durham  up  to  his  time,  and 
believed  to  be  that  which  was  lost  in  the  sea  about  200  years  before. 
When  Lindisfarne  was  re-established  about  1095,  the  book  apparently 
went  to  its  old  home,  and  there  remained  till  the  Dissolution.  In  the 
yearly  inventories  of  the  monks  of  Lindisfarne  Priory  an  entry 
supposed  to  refer  to  it  regularly  occurs,  viz.,  "  Liber  Beati  Cuthberti 
qui  demersus  erat  in  mare."  In  1623  it  was  in  the  hands  of  Mr. 
Robert  Bowyer,  clerk  to  the  House  of  Commons,  who  disposed  of  it 
to  Sir  Robert  Cotton.  From  him  it  passed  to  the  British  Museum 
with  the  rest  of  his  MSS.  Dr.  Raine  rightly  considered  that  the 
book  by  its  appearance  abundantly  confirmed  the  tradition  of  its 
immersion,  and  completely  disproved  Symeon's  assertion  that  it  was 
uninjured  (67.  Cuthb.,  47).  But  he  and  Symeon  looked  at  it  with 
different  eyes.  Sir  F.  Madden  believed  the  stains  on  the  vellum  to 
have  been  occasioned  by  sea  water  (Lindisf.  Gosp.,  Surt.  ed.,  IV, 
Pref.  xxviiwf.).  There  can  be  no  doubt  whatever  that  water  has  got 
in  between  the  leaves,  in  some  cases  forming  map-like  stains  where  it 
has  crept  in  the  furthest,  but  as  the  edges  have  been  cropped  off  in 
binding,  they  no  longer  afford  any  evidence.  The  edges  of  the 
leaves  of  a  vellum  book  would  at  once  swell  when  immersed  in  water, 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  249 

In  such  a  way  thai  very  little  wet  would  gel  in  if  the  book  were  well 
clasped.  The  present  binding,  studded  with  jewels  and  gold,  was 
provided  by  Bishop  Maltby  at  a  cost  of  ^75. 

much  more  bewtifull  than  it  was  before].     This  is  a  later  touch.     Symeon 

says   nothing   more   than   that    ii    was    no   worse;    "in  quo   nullum 

omnino,  ul  diximus,  per  aquam  lesionis  signum  monstratur."     Hist. 

Eccl.  Dunelm.,  II,  xii  (xxvii). 
a   read  horse].     Redd,  p.   70,  i.e.,  reddish   brown.      We  find  in   the   Rolls 

"  pultra  rosea,"  199;  "  stagg  rubius  cortal,"  399  ;  "equus  sor,"  ^35; 

"alloc  rub.,"  "alloc  sor."  (red   herrings),   frequently.     And   so  we 

speak  of  "  rod  hair." 
from  Sacte  Cuthbtes  date  .  .  .  bodie  ofSacte  Cuthb:].     This  passage  is  found 

only  in  the  Roll,  ami  it  seems  to  bo  unintelligible. 

Warde  Lawe],  Probably  one  of  the  hills  immediately  to  the  east  of  Durham, 
not  Warden  Law  near  Houghton-Ie-Spriiig. 

a  woman  lacking  her  kowe].  This  is  the  first  appearance  of  the  legend  of 
the  Dun  Cow;  see  again  below,  pp.  71,  74,  249,  254;  Mctr.  Life,  Intr. 
x.  Tin-  legend  is  told  more  full)'  in  cli.  XXXIV,  where  also  the 
sculpture  is  mentioned. 

a  great  Rush  of  t homes].  "Rush'  is  a  Northern  term  for  a  natural  or 
self-sown  thicket.      See   H  alii  well,  and  Atkinson's  Cleveland  Glossary. 

chappell  of  wandes].     Constructed  of  wattles  or  hurdles.     See  Adamnan's 

Life  of  St.  Columba,  Oxf.  edition,  p.  72M.  This  had  been  quite 
a  usual  method  of  constructing  temporary  churches,  the  remote 
predecessors  of  the  modern  "iron  churches." 

White  Kirke  so  called].  There  is  some  confusion  about  the  various 
churches.  The  concluding  sentence  of  Symeon's  lib.  hi,  cap.  2,  reads 
as  it  tin-  White  Church  had  been  a  different  building  from  Aldhune's, 
and  so  Hegge  understood  it,  though  it  is  patient  of  a  construction 
making  the  "alba  secclesia "  and  the  "major  aecclesia"  to  be  the 
same.  Rites  here  speaks  of  the  "white  kirke"  as  distinct  from  the 
"great  kirke,"  sc.  of  Aldhune,  but  in  Cos.  MS.  (eh.  xxxiv)  of  the 
"white  Chapell "  as  "a  part  of  the  great  church"  of  Aldhune. 
Reginald  speaks  of  Aldhune's  church  with  two  towers  as  "Alba 
ecclesia"  {Reg.  Dunelm.,  cap.  xvi).  The  white  church  was  perhaps 
a  small  whitewashed  stone  building',  more  substantial  than  the 
"  Wanded  kirk,"  attached  in  some  way,  while  it  stood,  to  the 
"  mickle  kirk,'    and  in  that  sense  "  a  part  of"  it  ;  see  p.  72. 

ye  more  kyrke  or  gret  kirke].  An  example  of  the  old  sense  of  more 
meaning  greater,  comparative  ot  great,  surviving  in  place-names,  as 
.Much  Wenlock,  More  Monk  ton.  So  Shakspeare  in  A'.  John,  ii,  1, 
34,   "To  make  a  more  requital  to  your  love." 

iijo yeres  after].  This  mistake  is  repeated  in  MSS.  Cos.  ami  II.  44,  as  well 
as  in  all  tin-  editions  after  that  of  Davies,  which  savs  "thirty."  MS. 
L.  says  "23  yeans  and  more";  C,  "almost  twenty-nine  wares." 
In  point  of  fact,  Aldhune  came  to  Durham  in  995,  and  died  in  1018. 

Mxxijo  yeres  paste].  This  is  unintelligible.  The  other  MSS.  ami  the 
editions  previous  to  1S42  give  the  right  date,  namely  1093. 


25O  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Bushippe  Will'iii  and  Priour  Turgoll].  Here  the  writer  follows  Synieon  in 
saying  nothing1  about  King  Malcolm  ;   see  above,  pp.  240,  242. 

V  old  church  buylt  by  Aid  units].  "  Of  that  church,"  says  Greenwell 
(Durk.  Catli.,  14),  "  I  do  not  know  that  a  single  stone  remains  visible 
to  the  eye,  though  there  are,  no  doubt,  thousands  of  the  stones 
belonging  to  it  enclosed  within  these  walls." 

buylded  &  finished].     Only  so  far  as  the  eastern  end  of  the  nave. 

ye  White  church],  Aldhune's  "  mickle  kirk"  is  here  meant.  See  note  a 
little  above,  p.  249.  It  is  likely  enough  that  the  little  temporary  church 
and  Aldhune's  great  church  both  went  by  the  same  name. 

ye  fereture].     Seech.  II. 

ye  booke  .  .  .  wch  was  lost  in  ye  sea].  The  writer  is  here  mixing  up  two 
totally  distinct  books,  the  large  text  of  the  Four  Gospels  referred  to 
above,  p.  248,  and  the  small  copy  of  St.  John's  Gospel  which  was 
found  in  the  coffin  of  St.  Cuthbert  in  1104,  was  kept  at  Durham  until 
the  Dissolution,  and  is  now  at  Stonyhurst,  after  having  passed 
through  various  hands.  Its  size  is  only  about  5^  by  2H  inches,  and 
it  is  supposed  to  have  been  St.  Cuthbert's  vade-mecum,  carried  in  a 
satchel  slung  round  his  neck.  In  the  account  of  the  Translation  in 
Acta  SS.  Boll.,  Mar.  20,  p.  142,  cap.  iii,  it  is  said  that  Bishop 
Flambard,  while  preaching,  held  it  up  for  the  people  to  see,  and  that 
meanwhile  an  attendant  stole  a  thread  out  of  the  satchel-cord  and 
hid  it  in  his  shoe.  Being  then  seized  by  severe  pain  in  his  leg,  he 
restored  the  thread,  and  was  at  once  cured.  An  interesting  account 
of  this  little  book  and  its  three  red  leather  satchels  is  given  by 
Reginald,  who  tells  us  how  Bishop  Pudsey  hung  it  round  the  neck  of 
Archbishop  (afterwards  Saint)  William  of  York,  who  examined  its 
pages,  and  put  it  round  the  necks  of  his  friends. — Reg.  Dunelm., 
cap.  xci.  A  good  idea  of  it  may  be  gathered  from  the  Palasographic 
Society's  Vol.  II,  PI.  17,  and  description,  as  follows:  "The  Gospel 
of  St.  John,  in  Latin,  of  St.  Jerome's  version.  Vellum,  measuring 
5^  X  3H  >ns-  5  ninety  leaves,  of  twenty  lines  in  a  page  ;  written, 
probably  on  the  Continent,  in  the  seventh  century.  On  the  fly-leaf  at 
the  beginning,  the  following  note,  in  a  hand  of  about  1300,  records 
the  tradition  that  the  MS.  was  found  in  the  tomb  of  St.  Cuthbert,  who 
died  A.D.  687: — '  Evangelium  Johannis  quod  inuentum  fuerat  ad  capud 
'  beati  patris  nostri  Cuthberti  in  sepulcro  jacens  Anno  Translacionis 
'ipsius'  [1104].  This  note  is  copied  from  one  of  rather  older  date, 
which  was  written  at  the  head  of  the  Gospel,  but  afterwards  erased. 
In  the  lining  of  the  binding  is  a  fragment  of  a  plea  roll  of  the  Prior 
of  Durham,  bearing  a  date  of  1264.  The  MS.  was  long  in 
possession  of  the  Earls  of  Lichfield.  It  passed  in  1769  to  the 
Anglican  College  of  Jesuits  at  Liege,  whence  it  was  again  brought 
to  England,  and  it  now  forms  part  of  the  library  of  Stoneyhurst 
College."  The  writing  is  in  small  and  beautiful  uncial  characters. 
There  is  no  ornamentation. 
thorowgh  his  Revelac'on],  The  historical  narrative  contained  in  this  chapter 
is  based  mainly  on  Bede  and  Symeon,  and  it  may  be  compared  with 
the  English  Metrical  Life  of  St,  Cuthbert. 


\ol  ES    ON     I  III-:    1'KXT.  251 

XXXIII,   pp.  68—69. 

,;  fain  toutnbe  of  stone].  This  tomb  seems  to  bave  been  in  the  same 
relation  to  the  present  church  as  the  little  White  Church  had  been  to 
the  Mickle  White  Church  of  AJdhune.  In  Cosin's  MS.  (ch.  x\x\  )  ii 
is  said  to  have  been  made  by  Bishop  William  of  St.  Carilef.  We 
have  no  earlier  notices  of  it  than  those  in  Rites.  In  [896  a  careful 
search  was  made  in  the  cloister-garth  for  its  substructure  or  other 
remains,  but  nothing  was  found.  It  appears  to  bave  stood  on  the 
spot  where  the  shrine  had  stood  in  Aldhune's  church.  See  the 
inscription  below,  p.  141,  concerning  Bishop  Ralph  Flambard. 

a  memorie  and speciall  monumt].  The  writer  of  this  version  of  the  account 
seems  from  this  passage  and  from  the  beginning  of  the  chapter  as  it 
stands  in  the  Roll,  without  the  gloss  from  II.  45,  to  have  thought 
that  the  monument  stood  on  the  site  of  the  wattled  church.  The 
Cosin  MS.  (ch.  xxxv)  does  not  bring  this  out.  It  may  or  may  not 
have  been  the  case. 

a  Registr  house].  Frequently  mentioned  below.  This  was  the  Registry  of 
the  monastery.  The  Bishop's  diocesan  and  palatinate  Registry  was 
a  distinct  building  provided  by  Bishop  Langley  (Durham  WUls  ana 
Inventories,  I,  88).  It  was  constructed  between  the  north  porch 
and  the  N.W.   tower,  and  is  shown  by  Carter  in  PL  iv. 

certaine  commissioners].  The  commission  here  referred  to  was  a  later  one, 
designed  to  be  supplementary  to  that  under  Henry  VIII,  which  dealt 
with  St.  Cuthbert's  shrine. 

Doc/our  Harvy  and  Doe/our  Whitby].  These  commissioners  appear  to  be 
otherwise  unknown  to  fame.  Their  lives  are  not  given  in  the 
Dictionary  of  National  Biography. 

Corpus  Christi Shrine].     See  ch.  LVI. 

Doctour  Home].     See  above,  on  ch.  XXV,  p.  239. 

XXXIX',   pp.   69—74. 

note  by  Dr.  Hunter],  The  dates  in  this  chapter  are  correctly  noted,  by 
Dr.  Hunter,  as  is  supposed,  in  the  margin  of  MS.  Cosin. 

bough  church].  It  has  been  imagined  that  the  church  of  St.  Mary  in  the 
North  Bailey  stands  on  the  site  of  the  wattled  church  or  "church 
of  boughs,"  and  that  this  was  the  origin  of  its  name  of  Bow  Church 
or  St.  Marv-le-Bow.  But  the  church,  like  that  of  the  same  name  in 
London,  really  derives  its  name  from  an  arch  or  "  bow  "  over  which 
its  lower  stood,  ami  which  spanned  the  street.  This  tower  fell 
August  JQth,  1637.  It  is  much  more  likely  that  the  tomb  in  the 
cloister-court  (ch.  xxxiiii  was  on  the  site  of  the  wattled  church. 

all  the  cuntry],  Symeon  says  that  carl  Uhtred's  people  came  in  great 
numbers  "a  llumine  Coqued  usque  Tosam."— Lib.  Ill,  cap.  ii  (xxxvii). 
as  a  part ,  etc.].      See  above,  p.  249. 

For  which  famous  work,  etc.).  This  statement  of  Davies,  no  foundation  for 
which  has  been  found,  is  not  repeated  in  the  later  editions.  But  in  a 
Durham  Missal  (HarL  5289,  fo.  334)  is  a  mass  Set.  Karilephi  abb'is. 
Bishop  William   may   have   instituted    the    commemoration    in    honour 


2yi  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

of  his  former  patron  saint,  and  in  later  times  the  saint  may  have  been 
wrongly  identified  with  the  bishop. 

did  arch  it  ouer].  If  this  statement  be  not  altogether  incorrect,  it  must 
refer  to  the  western  portion  of  the  vaulting.  Canon  Greenwcll, 
pp.  36 — 38,  thinks  it  most  unlikely  that  any  portion  of  the  nave 
vaulting  can  be  so  late  as  1242,  although,  as  he  points  out,  instances 
of  assimilated  work  do  occur.  Leland  says,  "  Nic.  Fernham, 
episcopus,  fecit  testudinem  templi  1242. — (Coll.,  I,  122,  edition  1774). 
Graystanes  (Scr.  Trcs,  77)  mentions  extensive  repairs  of  the  nave 
roof  which  must  have  been  effected  £ibout  1245,  and  it  is  hardly 
likely  that  the  outer  roof  could  require  to  be  repaired  "  de  novo" 
within  three  or  four  years  of  its  being  made.  Indeed  the  continuator 
of  Symeon  says  that  in  the  interval  between  the  death  of  Flambard 
in  1 128  and  the  accession  of  Galfrid  Rufus  in  1133,  "  navis  ecclesise 
Dunelmensis  monachis  operi  instantibus  peracta  est." — Syni.  Contin., 
cap.  i. 

under  one  stone].  Prior  Melsonby  may  have  been  buried  in  the  chapter- 
house as  having  been  bishop-elect.  See  ch.  xxvi,  note  on  Bishop 
Nich.  de  Farnham. 

in  an  iron  chcs/\.  There  is  a  mistake  here,  unless  the  writer  means  an 
iron-bound  chest. 

King  Stephen's  nephew].     See  note  above,  p.  241. 

the  Consistory].  The  Consistory  Court  was  held  in  the  Galilee  both 
previous  to  and  long  after  the  Reformation.  For  some  time  the 
Spiritual  Chancellor  had  his  seat  over  Bishop  Langley's  tomb,  as 
shown  in  a  drawing  in  B.M.  Kayc  Coll.,  Vol.  II,  No.  211  (c.  1780), 
which  represents  it  as  a  sort  of  square  pulpit.  To  this  relates  the 
inscription  in  black-letter  over  the  great  arch,  "Judicium  Jehovae 
est.  Domine  Deus  da  servo  tuo  cor  intelligens  ut  judicet  populu  tuu 
et  discernat  inter  bona  et  malum."  In  Carter's  plan,  c.  1796,  the 
situation  of  the  fittings  is  shown  as  having  then  been  on  the  south 
side  of  the  Galilee,  facing  north.  These  fittings  were  removed  about 
that  time,  with  a  view  to  the  destruction  of  the  Galilee,  and  in  1796-7 
Mr.  Morpeth  fitted  up  a  new  Spiritual  Court  in  the  eastern  chapels  of 
the  north  transept,  previously  used  as  the  Minor  Canons'  vestry,  at  a 
cost  of  ,£68.  These  fittings  were  removed  in  1845.  Record  of 
Benefactions,  1858,  under  the  dates  ;  Raine,  Br.  Ace.,  34.  Since 
1845,  the  Court  has  again  been  held  in  the  Galilee,  as  occasion  has 
arisen,  but  without  any  special  fittings. 

as  aboue  is  declared].     In  ch.  XXII. 

the  Priory  of  Finkley].  Bishop  Flambard  (1099-1128)  gave  the  hermitage 
at  Finchale,  with  its  fields  and  fishery,  to  St.  Godric  in  his  life-time, 
to  be  tenanted  by  two  monks  of  Durham  after  his  death.  Bishop 
Pudsey  (1153-1195)  continued  the  grant  by  Flambard,  and  gave  the 
two  monks  a  tract  of  land  adjoining.  It  was  Henry  de  Pudsey,  one  of 
the  three  sons  of  the  bishop,  who  was  the  real  founder  of  the  Priory 
of  Finchale  as  a  house  for  a  number  of  monks,  transferring  thereto  a 
monastic  foundation  which  he  had  placed  for  a  short  time  at  Haswell, 
and  then  at  Bacstanford,  in  1196.  See  Charters  and  Preface  in  the 
SurieeN    Society's    volume    6,     The    Priory    of   Finchale.      None    of 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  253 

Pudsey's  work  can  be  identified  at  Pinchale  now,  bul  in  1837  Dr. 
Raine  wrotej  "the  monks  entirely  rebuilt  their  church.  The  only 
trace  of  their  former  edifice  which  was  suffered  to  remain  was  the 
tomb  of  Godric   their  patron  saint    .    .    .    of  the  altar  shape,  with 

Norman  pilaster  mouldings  at  its  corners.  These  are  the  only  stones 
in  the  edifice  which  bear  the  stamp  of  Norman  architecture."  Priory 
of  Finchale,  Pref.,  p.  xviii.  The  present  church  was  begun  in  1242 
and  was  not  finished  in  1266. 

(he  Hospitall  of  Allerton\.  The  hospital  of  St.  James,  founded  by  Bishop 
Pudsey,  was  in  the  township  of  Romanby,  about  a  mile  east  of 
Northallerton.  The  site  is  marked  by  a  farm  house  still  called  the 
Spital.  Further  particulars,  and  references,  are  given  in  Hutchinson's 
Durham,  III,  42c). 

Sherburne  Hospital],  About  1181  or  1 182.  Pudsey's  Foundation  Charter 
and  Constitutions  are  printed  in  complete  sets  of  Allan's  Collectanea, 
The  ancient  residence  of  the  masters  was  destroyed  in  1833.  There 
are  views  of  it  in  B.M.,  Kaye  Coll.,  Vol.  Ill,  61 — 70;  in  Allan's 
Collections  (in  Collectanea)  relating  to  Sherburn  Hospital,  1771 
(frontispiece)  ;  and  in  Hutchinson,  II,  589.  The  gatehouse  has  been 
spared,  and  retains  its  original  vaulting.  The  south  side  of  the 
nave  of  the  chapel  and  the  north  side  of  the  tower  are  Pudsey's 
work.     See  Billings,  County  of  Durham,  61  and  plate. 

Elvet  bridge  .  .  with  two  Chappels\.  Elvet  bridge  is  a  wonderful  piece  of 
engineering,  consisting  as  it  does  not  only  of  the  arches  over  the 
river,  but  of  a  number  of  dry  arches  carrying  the  approach  from 
the  north  through  the  street  now  called  Elvet  Bridge.  These 
form  cellars  belonging  to  the  shops  and  houses  in  the  street.  The 
bridge  was  either  not  completed  in  Pudsey's  time  or  soon  needed 
repair,  for  in  1225  and  1228  Archbishop  Walter  Grey  issued 
indulgences  for  its  "construction."  It  was  again  extensively 
repaired  in  1495  and  1771,  and  widened  in  1804-5.  Ribs  were  inserted 
under  the  later  portions  of  the  arches  in  1900.  Some  of  these  ribs  are 
constructed  of  stone,  others  of  brick  and  cement  !  One  of  the  two 
chapels  was  founded  by  Lewen,  a  burgess  of  Durham,  and  dedicated 
in  honour  of  St.  James,  the  other,  much  earlier,  by  William,  son  of 
Absolon,  and  dedicated  in  honour  of  St.  Andrew  ;  this  latter  was  at 
the  south  end  of  the  bridge,  where  a  building  now  stands.  For  St. 
James's,  see  Kellawe's  Register,  Rolls  ed.,  II,  p.  1 173,  and  pp.  833,  871. 
St.  James's  was  covered  in  by  36  square  yards  of  lead,  and  St. 
Andrew's  by  88.  Inventories  of  Church  Coo, is,  Surtees  Soc,  p.  147  ; 
Rolls,  under  Andrew,  St. 

a  Mannor  and  Church  at  Darlington].  The  Manor  house  of  the  bishops  is 
supposed  to  have  been  built  about  11O4;  for  a  description  of  it,  and 
reproduction  oi'  an  old  view,  see  Longstaffe's  Darlington ,  p.  1S7  ;  <•/! 
pp,  43,  62.  The  work  of  building  the  church  was  going  on  in  1 192  ; 
it  is  Early  English  in  style,  quite  different  from  Pudsey's  earlier 
works,  which  are  Romanesque.  See  Longstaffe's  Darlington, 
frontispiece,  and  pp.  1S7,  213  ;  Longstaffe  in  Durham  and Northumb. 
Arch,  trans.,  I,  6  ;  Billings,  County  of  Durham,  2Q,  and  three 
plates.      J.   F.   HodgSOn,  in  Arch.  Ailianu,  Vol,  XVII, 


254  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

he  bought  .  .  .  the  Earldome  of  Sadberge].  The  price  paid  was  £\  1,000  for 
the  earldom  of  Northumberland  for  life,  and  the  wapentake  of 
Sadberge  (not  properly  an  earldom)  in  perpetuity.  Scr.  Tres,  pp.  14, 
lix — lxii  ;  Surtees,  Hist.,  [11,265;  and  on  the  Palatinate  generally, 
Lapsley,  Co.  Pal.  of  Durham,  passim. 

Aldwinus  on  the  out  side  of  his  Church,  etc.].  This  and  what  follows  about 
Carilef  and  Flambard  must  be  mere  baseless  tradition.  At  any  rate 
Flambard  could  not  have  set  up  anything:  on  the  outside  of  the  Nine 
Altars,  a  building  begun  114  years  after  his  death. 

a  milke  maidc  milkinge  hir  hoive\.  This  is  the  first  mention  of  the  Dun  Cow 
sculpture  and  legend.  The  present  sculpture,  representing  two 
women  and  a  cow,  was  substituted  (about  1775)  for  the  old  one,  of 
which  there  is  a  woodcut  in  Hutchinson's  Durham,  17S7,  II,  226. 
The  Dun  Cow  legend  was  most  likely  a  piece  of  local  folk-lore  not 
thought  by  earlier  writers  to  be  of  sufficient  importance  to  be 
recorded.     Xot  even  Reginald  makes  any  reference  to  it. 

XXXVI,  pp.  75-77. 

Buship  Shirley  and  Bushop  Langley}.  On  Skirlaw's  work  (138S-1405),  see 
Scr.  Tres,  145  ;  Durham  Wills  and I?iv.,  II,  44  ;  and  on  that  of  Langley 
( 1406-1437),  Scr.  Tres,  pp.  146,  cciv.  Ten  rolls  of  the  annual  expenses 
have  been  preserved  ;  there  is  a  short  abstract  of  them  in  Raine's 
Brief  Account,  p.  87.  Little  of  the  original  work  is  left  save  the  oak 
ceiling,  and  that  has  been  tampered  with  by  the  introduction  of 
heraldic  shields  that  were  not  there  before. 

the  Dirivatory).  This  mistake  is  repeated  by  Davies,  who  has  the  whole  of 
the  passage  here  printed  from  the  Lawson  MS.  It  is  corrected  to 
"Dormitory"  in  ed.  1842,  64^.  The  other  editions  omit  the  reference 
to  the  Dormitory.  The  Cambridge  MS.  has  "  Deriuitory,  '  and  Harl. 
has  "  Deribitory." 

ye  hole  storie  &  ?nyricles\.  Here,  as  in  the  St.  Cuthbert  window  at  York, 
which  is  fully  described  in  Yks.  Arch.  Jml.,  IV,  249  ff.,  and  XI,  486  ff., 
the  Irish  legend  was  followed  for  the  saint's  childhood.  The  York 
window  contains  the  inscription  "  (Ora)te  p'  a'ia  Th.  longley  Ep'i 
dunelm.  qui  istam  fenestra'  fieri  fecit."  Langley  had  been  canon  of 
York  in  1400,  and  dean  in  1401.  For  earlier  versions  of  the  Irish 
legend  see  Libellus  de  Ortu  S.  Cuthb.  in  Misc.  Biogr.  (Surtees  Soc), 
63  ff.  ;  Metrical  Life,  3  ff. 

the  brightc  beamcs,  etc.].  A  very  usual  incident  in  the  legends  of  Saints' 
births. 

Mullocke  .  .  .  as  much  as  to  sale  Cuthbert].  Probably  a  mere  fancy  of  the 
writer.  "  Multi  sunt  Sancti,  qui  in  Hibernicis  Molaca,  Moloca,  et 
Molaga  et  Moluoc  appellantur." — Colgan,  Triadis  Thaumaturgce 
Acta,  p.  50,  n.  52.  There  can  be  no  connexion  in  meaning  between 
the  names  Cuthbert  and  Moluog.  "Cuthbert"  is  formed  of  A.S. 
Cu5,  known,  and  beorht,  brightness ;  "Moluog"  of  Irish  Mo-lua-og, 
my  little  Lua,  short  for  Lughaid,  which  is  a  proper  name,  perhaps 
connected  with  Lugh,  little. 

H ardbrecins\.     Supposed  to  be  Ardbraccan,  in  Meath. 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  2$^ 

Sertain  verses].  Explanatory  verses,  sometimes  Latin,  often  English,  were 
commonly  used  in  like  cases. 

the  said  toumbe],     Ch.  xxxm,  xxw. 

Cotnmed  of  a  princelie  Raice\  Here  the  writer  is  following  the  fabulous 
Libellus  de  Or/it.     See  Metrical  Life,  p.  3,  etc. 

certaine  Bushopes  armes].  See  note  above.  From  Dugdale's  notes  at  the 
Heralds'  College,  we  Irani,  says  Raine  (Brief  Account,  88),  thai  there 
were  in  1666  in  the  cloister  "the  arms  oi~  Bishop  Skirlaw  (often 
repeated,  and  in  one  instance  with  the  cross  in  saltire),  Clifford, 
Willoughby,  Bowel  Archbishop  of  York,  Neville  (more  than  once), 
Spencer,  Latimer,  Langley,  Umf'reville,  Do  la  I  lay,  Newark  and  \Yv- 
cliffe  (Skirlaw's  two  executors),  Greystock,  Bertram,  Hilton,  Scroop 
of  Masham,  Dacre,  Mowbray,  Percy,  Maltravers,  Lumley,  Basset, 
Eure,  Tempest,  Ogle,  Kyme,  Fulthorp,  Howes,  Hansard,  Old  Percy, 
Percy  and  Lucy,  Beauchamp,  Heron,  Vere,  Surtees,  Chancellor, 
Mitford  of  Molesdon,  Widdrington,  Elstob,  Montboucher,  Middleham, 
the  See  of  Durham,  and  three  other  coats.  These  were  restored  in 
1828,  but  by  a  mistake  .  .  .  there  were  added,  at  the  same  time,  the 
bearings  which  Dugdale  had  observed  upon  Hatfield's  tomb,  and  in 
the  windows  of  the  Nine  Altars."  Scarcely  any  of  the  original 
"embellishments"  were  discernible  in  1824. — Allan,  Durham  and  its 
Environs,  32. 

XXXVII,  pp.  77-78. 

maundy  thursdaie).  The  ceremonies  of  the  Maundy  (so  called  from  the 
first  word  of  the  antiphon  Mandatum  novum  do  vobis,  etc.),  described 
in  this  and  the  following  chapter,  date  in  some  form  or  other  from 
the  sixth  century,  if  not  earlier.  The  constitutions  of  Priors  Absolon, 
German  and  Bertram  in  the  twelfth  century  provide  for  the  Maundy  at 
Durham. — Hutchinson,  Durh.,  II,  69^.,  70;^  The  ceremonial 
washings  seem  to  have  arisen  out  of  ordinary  washings  done  in 
preparation  for  Easter,  and  the  ceremonial  refection  called  Ceena 
Domini  out  of  the  ordinary  supper.  Both  acquired  a  special 
character  by  being  associated  with  the  washing  pf  the  disciples'  feet 
and  the  Last  Supper.  The  details  varied  in  different  places,  and 
increased  in  number  as  time  went  on.  There  were  other  ceremonies 
on  Maundy  Thursday  and  during  the  rest  of  Holy  Week  which  are 
not  mentioned  in  Rites,  as  the  blessing  of  palms  on  Palm  Sunday, 
and  on  Maundy  Thursday  the  Reception  of  Penitents,  the  Consecra- 
tion of  the  Oils,  the  stripping  and  washing  of  altars.  The  author 
may  have  had  a  more  vivid  recollection  of  the  rites  here  described, 
from  having  taken  pari  in  them  as  a  boy.  Much  information  on  the 
subject  may  be  found  in  Isidorus  Hispalensis,  Migne,  Patr.  Lat.,  Vol. 
83,  p.  764;  />'.  F.  A/binus  sen  Alcuinus,  ib„  101,  p.  1203;  Amalarius 
lie    Div.    Off.,    il>.,    105,  p.    101  !  ;   Joannes  Abricensis,    Hi. ,    147,    p.    127; 

Martene,  de  Ant.  Man.  Ritibus,  et  de  Ant.  Keel.  Disc.  ;  Indices  to 
these  s.v.  Mandatum  ;  the  Sanim,  York,  Roman,  and  other  missals; 
Lib.  Evesham,  cols.  85 -  87,  p.  nycy;  I.unfranc  in  Reyner  or  Wilkins  ; 
the  Cistercian  Consuetudines,  Guignard  (1878),  p.  1105  Rock,  IV, 234  ; 
II.  J.  Feasey,  Hofy  Week  Ceremonial,  95  j  Ellis  and  Brand,  Popular 
Antiquities,  I,   142  —  150. 


256  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

xiif>  poore  aired  men].  This  was  the  Mandatum  Pauperum,  or  Prior's 
Maundy,  corresponding  with  the  Abbot's  at  Westminster,  Evesham, 
etc.  ;  the  number  of  poor  men  varied.  Thirteen  stood  for  Christ  and 
the  Twelve  Apostles. 

ix  a  clock].  In  the  evening  ;  the  rites  concluded  with  Compline. 
a  fair  longe  broad  thickc  fourme\.  See  the  addition  at  the  end  of  this 
paragraph,  p.  78.  When  that  addition  was  made,  the  Prior's  Maundy 
bench  may  have  been  placed  in  the  transept  together  with  the  long 
form  mentioned  p.  34,  and  both  used  as  ordinary  seats.  So  late  as 
1S01  what  then  passed  as  a  Maundy  bench  was  still  kept  in  the 
Revestry. — See  Carter's  Plan,  U  4,  and  description,  p.  7  ;  B.M. 
Kaye  Coll.,  Vol.  II,  No.  147,  which,  however,  does  not  show  the 
"  peces  "  .  .  "like  unto  a  man."  If  (he  seat  represented  in  the 
drawing  was  really  the  old  Maundy  bench,  these  pieces  must  have 
been  removed  before  the  drawing  was  made.  Or  perhaps  the  seat 
is  one  of  later  date,  or  it  may  have  been  the  "  long  forme  "  mentioned 
p.  34.  See  the  next  note. 
ye  prior  dyd  washe,  etc.].  The  Maundy  was  continued  in  some  form  after 
the  Dissolution.  In  1545  we  find  "for  the  mand  mayd  apon  mand 
thirsday  at  Mr.  Deyn  commandement,  ijs.  xd." — Durh.  Misc.  Cart. 
2751-9.  In  1547,  "  In  cena  domini  post  mandatum.  In  ceruisia  vj 
gall,  ad  \)d.  ob.,  xvd.  In  pane,  iiija'.  In  vino  clareto,  j  gall.,  xij^. 
In  vino  rubeo  j  pottell,  vnjd." — lb. ,  71 19;  see  Rolls,  under  Maundy. 
There  are  many  notices  of  the  Maundy  wine,  sweetmeats,  etc.,  in  the 
Ripon  Rolls. — See  Mem.  Ripon,  III,  Index. 

xxxd  in  money].     With  reference  to  the  thirty  pieces  of  silver. 

certahic  wafers],  Obleys,  or  nebula?  of  wheat  flour  were  made  for  the 
Maundy  at  Lincoln  in  1406.  —  Wordsw.,  185. 

the  Usher  door].  Mentioned  again  in  ch.  XLIV,  p.  87,  and  XLVII,  p.  90  ;  it 
must  be  the  door  leading  into  the  Deanery  at  the  south-east  corner 
of  the  cloisters.  Here,  probably,  the  Gentleman  Usher  (huissier, 
ostiarius)  waited  to  attend  the  Lord  Prior  to  the  church,  as  the 
Verger  still  waits  for  the  Dean.  The  Register  House  cannot  now  be 
identified. 

the  hospital!  of  Greatham].  Greatham  Hospital  was  founded  by  Bishop 
Stichill  in  1272.  The  foundation-charter,  statutes,  etc.,  are  printed, 
from  Dugdale's  Monasticon,  in  Hutchinson,  III,  92 — 102.  The  old 
buildings  were  destroyed  about  1803,  but  in  the  rebuilt  chapel  are 
some  monumental  inscriptions  commemorating  early  Masters,  for 
which  see  Hutchinson  or  Surtees.  There  are  drawings  of  the  old 
hospital  in  B.M.  Kaye  Collection,  III,  126  fi\,  and  a  view,  "drawn 
anno  1778,"  in  Grose's  Antiquities,  Vol.  Y. 

Mr  Tobias  Matthew].  D.D.  of  Ch.  Ch.,  Oxford,  1573,  dean,  1576-1584; 
dean  of  Durham,  1583-94;  rector  of  Bishopwearmouth,  1590;  bishop 
of  Durham,  1595  ;  transl.  to  York,  1606  ;  died  1628.  From  the  time 
of  his  being  made  dean  of  Durham  to  1622  he  appears  to  have 
preached  1992  sermons,  only  one  of  which  was  printed  ;  "  nemo 
in  concionibus  frequentior,  nemo  felicior,  nemo  quern  in  ajternum 
magis  audire  velis,"  says  his  epitaph  at  York.  He  was  a  great 
punster,  and  Fuller  says  "  he  could  as  well  not  be,  as  not  be  merrie." 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT 


*37 


XXXVIII,  pp.  78—79, 

a  sfoole  or  seat].     Possibly  the  seal  that  has  passed  as  a  Maundy  bench  i 

see  p.  256.    Thai  seat  had  a  foot-hoard,  but  it  would  seal  (our  men. 

a /aire  longe  bench  of  Stone].  This  bench  no  longer  exists,  the  wall  having 
been  refaced,  hut  the  Maundy  benches  still  remain  in  the  corres- 
ponding situations  at  Westminster  and  at  Canterbury. 

certen  Childrin  a  Row],  Probably  the  children  of  the  Almery  (oh. 
xi. viti).  This  was  tin-  Mandatum  fratrum,  or  Monks'  maundy, 
which  in  monastic  houses  Followed  the  Mandatum  pauperum,  or 
Abbot's  (or  Prior's)  maundy.  In  earlier  times  the  monks  always 
washed  one  another's  feet.  At  Evesham  the  Abbot  washed  the  feel 
of  the  Trior  and  monks  in  the  chapter-house,  after  which  his  feet 
were  washed  by  two  choir-boys  and  by  the  Prior. — Liber  Evesham., 
85- 

certaine  pt*ers\.     The  Office  of  Compline. 

a  fair  almerie  Joyned  in  ye  wall].  It  seems  to  have  been  fixed  in  a  recess, 
some  slighl  traces  of  which  may  perhaps  still  be  discerned.  See 
further  in  ch.  XL. 

And  the  stoole  &  bench,  etc.].  We  saw  at  the  end  of  the  last  chapter  how 
Toby  Matthew  ''annexed"  the  Register  house  to  the  Deanery,  but 
to  have  destroyed  one  of  the  Maundy  benches  shows  that  he  not  only 
had  a  keen  eye  to  his  own  convenience,  but  that  he  had  something-  of 
the  spirit  of  his  predecessor,  Dean  Whittingham,  who  "could  not 
abyde  anye  auncvent  monuments." — Ch.  xxix. 

XXXIX,  pp.   79-82. 

a  fairs  lar<r  liall\.  This  building  was  constructed  over  a  low  undercroft 
consisting  of  round  arches  with  ribless  quadripartite  vaults,  and  of 
some  compartments  with  plain  barrel-vaults.  The  superstructure, 
for  some  time  used  as  the  Petty  Canons'  Hall  (see  below),  was 
entirely  rebuilt  by  Dean  Sudbury  (1662-1684)  to  serve  as  the  Chapter 
Library.  The  original  east  wall,  which  forms  the  west  side  of  the 
Prior's  Hall,  was  not  interfered  with,  and  it  shows  some  remains  of 
ornamental  painting  behind  the  book-cases.  The  present  windows 
were  substituted  in  1858  for  the  characteristic  ones  of  Sudbury's 
time. 

ye  frater  house].  The  term  frater  is  a  later  form  of  freitour,  which  is  from 
the  Old  French  fraitur,  from  refreitor,  Latin  refectorium.  It  has 
become  assimilated  in  form  to  the  Latin  "  frater,"  a  brother,  but  has 
no  etymological  connexion  therewith. 

is  finely  wainscotted].  The  oak  panelling  now  on  the  walls  of  the  Deanery 
Hall  has  not  been  made  for  that  place,  and  may  have  been  moved, 
wholly  or  partly,  from  the  Frater  after  this  account  was  written.  It 
is  a  beautiful  example  of  woodwork  of  about  Prior  Castells  period. 
West  ami  neither  ( nether )  part,  etc.].  This  sentence  is  unintelligible  as  it 
stands  in  ed.  1842,  alter  Davies  ("and  on  either  part,  '  etc.),  but  in 
the  later  editions,  as  in  MS.  L.,  we  read  that  the  Prater  House 
"  was  finely  wainscotted  on  the  North  and  South  sides  ;  and 
in    the    West    and  Nether   Part    thereof  is  a   long   Bench   of  Stone,   in 

■7 


258  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Mason-work,  from  the  Cellar  Door  to  the  Pantry  or  Cove  Door"  (ed. 
Hunter,  1733,  p.  92).  So  again  in  Sanderson,  1767,  p.  72.  The 
cellar  door  and  the  pantry  or  covey  door  are  both  to  be  seen, 
blocked  up,  in  the  cellar  and  the  pantry,  but  not  in  the  present 
library,  where  they  are  concealed  by  wainscot.  The  bench  must 
have  been  to  a  great  extent  destroyed  when  the  present  steps  to  the 
Loft  were  made.  Its  two  ends  might  perhaps  be  found  behind  the 
oak  panelling.  The  cellar  and  the  covey  remain  at  Worcester 
in  the  corresponding;  situation  ;  date  1084-1100. 

the  Pantry  or  Covey  door\.  "  Covey,  Obs.  [perhaps  derivative  of  Cove  in  its 
old  sense  of  'closet,'  etc.],  A  pantry." — N.  E.  D.  But  Cove  is  also 
"a  concave  arch  or  vault  "  (tb.),  and  the  Cove  or  Covey  at  Durham 
consists  of  two  apartments  with  waggon  vaults. 

sett  with  Imbroidered  work].  "  Set  with  imboss'd  Work  in  Wainscot,  and 
gilded  under  the  carved  Work  "  (ed.  Hunter,  1733,  p.  92).  The 
meaning  probably  is  that  the  Perpendicular  tracery  was  fixed  on  gilt 
panels. 

vet  do  appear],      "  did  long  appear"  (ed.  Hunter,  1733,  p.  92). 

hath  engraven],      "had  engrauen  "  (ed.  Sanderson,  1767,  p.  72). 

a  very  strong  Ambry],  Probably  concealed  behind  the  present  oak  panelling. 
There  is  plenty  of  room  for  it. 

a  great  Mazer],  A  mazer  is  a  drinking-bowl  turned  out  of  some  kind  of 
wood,  preferably  of  maple,  and  especially  bird's-eye  maple,  in 
Icelandic  mosnrr,  "  spot-wood,"  whence  the  English  word  mazer, 
both  for  the  wood  and  for  the  cup  made  thereof.  The  word  for  spot 
in  Middle  High  German  is  mase,  whence  Dutch  maselen  and  English 
provincial  meslins,  measles.  See  Skeat,  Etym.  Diet.  A  most 
complete  and  admirably  illustrated  account  of  mazers,  by  Mr.  W.  H. 
St.  John  Hope,  will  be  found  in  Archceologia,  Vol.  L,  129 — 193.  The 
characteristics  of  a  mazer  are,  the  bowl,  the  band  or  metal  mounting 
round  the  brim,  the  print  or  circular  ornament  at  the  bottom,  the 
foot,  and  the  cover,  the  only  essential  part  being  the  bowl.  The 
band  is  often  inscribed.  No  less  than  forty-six  examples  of  mazers 
are  particularly  described,  and  many  of  them  figured,  in  Mr.  Hope's 
article,  appended  to  which  are  extracts  from  inventories  and  wills, 
in  which  mazers  are  mentioned,  from  1295  to  1562-3.  See  Rolls, 
Index  under  Mazers. 

called  the  grace  cup],  A  later  Grace-cup  of  silver  gilt,  still  in  existence  and 
occasionally  used,  did  like  service  at  the  Residence-dinners  of  the 
Dean  and  Prebendaries  of  Durham  so  long  as  those  entertainments 
continued.      It  is  shown  in  drawings  in  B.M.  Kaye  Coll.,  Ill,  1,  2. 

called  Iudas  Cupp],     Probably  from  some  representation  on  the  print. 

black  Mazer],      Black  maple  wood  ;  see  note  above. 

the  picture].      That  is,  a  subject  embossed  or  engraved  on  the  print. 

four  joynts  of  silver].  When  the  foot  was,  as  in  this  case,  of  some  length, 
mazers  so  fitted  were  known  as  "standing  mazers." 

another  fair  large  Ambry],  Probably  fixed  against  the  wall,  but  here  again 
a  recess  might  be  found  if  the  panelling  could  be  removed.  This 
aumbry  was  made  in  1433,  and  the  bill  is  preserved, — Raine,  Br, 
Ace,  93«. 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  259 

and  every  Atonke  had  his  Maser\.  These  would  be  much  smaller  than  the 
great  mazers  described  above.  A  list  of  Lhe  mazers  and  other  plate 
belonging  to  the  Frater  has  been  preserved  ;  Raine  gives  an  abstract 
of  it. — Br.  Act:,  94^. 

where  he  did  silt  as  chief].  The  Prior  ordinarily  sat  at  his  own  private 
table,  the  Sub-Prior  presiding  at  the  monastic  table  ;  see  ch.  XXIV. 
He  must  not  be  confounded  with  the  Deece  Prior  or  Vice-Prior, 
ch.  xux,  p.  04. 

their  great  /'east  <>/'  St.  Cut/iherts  day  in  Lent].  March  20th,  the  day  of 
St.  Cuthbert's  death,  which  always  falls  in  Lent.  That  the  law  of 
abstinence  was  relaxed  011  this  occasion,  at  any  rate  for  the  lay 
quests,  appears  abundantly  from  the  Cellarers'  rolls  quoted  by  Raine 
{St.  Cut/ib.,  158ft.),  where,  besides  enormous  quantities  offish,  we  find 
such  entries  as  h'2  oxen  for  the  week,  21  sheep,  with  hundreds  of 
chickens,  geese,  and  other  fowls,  And  Raine  says  that  in  the 
Bursar's  Roll  of  1344  is  an  entry  of  a  payment  to  divers  persons  tor 
carrying  letters  from  the  Prior  to  the  chief  men  of  the  Bishopric, 
inviting-  them  to  the  feast  of  St.  Cuthbert  in  March.  Rut  see  Rolls, 
544-  54.S- 

the  Dresser  Window  of  the  great  Kitchin].  What  appears  to  be  part  of  this 
window  is  still  to  be  seen  in  the  Covey,  in  the  south  wall.  There  is 
a  space  of  about  15  feet  between  the  south  side  of  the  Loft  and  Covey 
and  the  north  side  of  the  Kitchen,  in  which  there  must  have  been 
some  passage  ov  lobby  connecting  the  two  buildings,  as  at  Canterbury, 
Ely,  Worcester,  Castle  Acre,  and  elsewhere.  At  Ely  it  was  called 
"le  Tresaunce,"  i.e.,  "transit us,"  a  passage  (Prompt.  Pan'.,  502).  It  is 
somewhat  remarkable  that  in  the  text  we  have  no  description  of  the 
Kitchen.  There  are  in  Durham  two  mediaeval  kitchens  still  in  use, 
viz.,  that  which  Bishop  Fox  constructed  within  the  walls  of  the 
square  Norman  keep  of  the  Castle,  and  this  earlier  one  of  the  Abbey, 
which  is  a  very  fine  example  and  but  little  altered  from  its  original 
state.  The  fabric  roll  for  its  building  still  exists,  and  shows  that  the 
work  began  in  1368  ;  see  Rolls,  569-580.  Raine  gives  an  abstract 
(Brief  .lee.,  114).  Its  remarkable  groining  and  lantern  are  well 
represented  in  Billings,  PI.  74.  A  building  apparently  belonging  to 
the  Kitchen  and  coeval  with  it,  abutting  on  it  to  the  S.E.,  is  shown  in 
a  plate  in  Storer's  Cathedrals  (1816),  Vol.  II.  The  roof-mark  of  that 
same  building  is  still  to  be  seen.  There  are  numerous  references  to 
the  Kitchen  in  the  Rolls  ;  see  Index  thereto  under  the  word. 

the  mr  of  the  novicies,  etc.).  The  monks  usually  dined  in  the  Lott  (ch.  XLtv). 
See  further  on  the  Novices  in  ch.  xi. IX,  p.  96,  under  "  Pane  Richarde 
Crosbie,"  and  in  Rolls,  under  Novices. 

the  great  Cellar].  In  the  southern  portion  of  the  undercroft  of  the  Great 
Dorter,  to  the  left  of  the  passage  going  from  the  Cloister  to  the 
Infirmary,  called  "  the  great  cellar  "  to  distinguish  it  from  the  cellar 
under  the  Loft  (ch.  XI.IV),  and  perhaps  from  subsidiary  cellars  in 
tin-  vaulting  under  the  Prater.  Carter's  plan  shows  that  the  one  bay 
of  the  vaulting  most  to  the  south,  perhaps  the  Buttery,  was  walled 
off  from  the  two  bays    between    it    aiul    thi'    passage    to   the    Infirmary 


260  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

but    had    a    door   through.       Those   two    bays,    probably  the    Great 
Cellar,  opened  into  the  group  of  vaulted  apartments  under  the  Loft, 
viz.,  the  lesser  cellar  and  the  Covey. 
dyd  reade  summe parte,  etc.).     See  the  Rule  of  St.  Benedict,  cap.  38,  which, 
however,   is  for  monks.      The  novices  carried  on  in  the  Frater  what 
had    been    the   practice  of  the  monks  before  they  formed  the  habit 
of    dining   ill    the    Loft.       In    the   Cafalogi    Veteres,   p.   80,   is  a  list  of 
books  kepi  in  an  almery  bv  the  way  to  the   Infirmary  (see  Scr.    Tres, 
App.    No.   cccxlvii),    for    the    reading-  in   the   refectory,   i.e.   in    1395, 
while  vol  the  monks  regularly  dined  there. 
a  convenyent  place].     No    signs   of  the   arrangements   here   described    can 
now  be  seen  above  the  subvaults,  this  part  of  the  Frater  having-  been 
rebuilt.       See  above,   p.    257.       But    Mr.    \V.    H.    St.   John    Hope  has 
identified  the  base  of  the  Frater  pulpit.      It  is  built  against  the  frater 
wall  outside  and  extends  for  three  bays.      It  is  below  the  level  of  the 
present  passage  from  the  kitchen  to  the   Deanery.      In  1544  we  find, 
"Pro    Refectorio,"    a   payment  of  6d.   for   "two  hovndrith   lyngkyll 
nayll  for  ye  lettryns,"  probably  for  fastening  up  some  sort  of  drapery. 
—Misc.    Car/.   2769;  Rolls,   726.     The  reader's  pulpit  in  the  Frater  at 
Chester  is  a  very  fine  example,  Early  English  in  character,  somewhat 
late.     There  is  an  excellent  illustration,   showing  the  pulpit,  with   its 
staircase   and    two    aumbries,    in    Murray's    Chester   Cathedral,    1869, 
p.  404.     Another  pulpit,   somewhat  richer,  of  nearly  the  same  date, 
and  quite  perfect,  is  in  the  frater  of  the  Cistercian  abbey  at  Beaulieu, 
Hants,   now   the   parish    church.       At    F'ountains,    the   staircase  and 
bracket  of  the  pulpit  remain.     Other  examples,  or  indications  of  their 
having-  existed,    occur   at    Worcester,   Shrewsbury,   the   Vicar's   Hall 
at  Chichester,  St.  Agatha's  by  Richmond,  and  elsewhere. 
a   gihlen    Bell\.       The    monastic    scilla    or    small    bell    commonly    used    in 

refectories,  infirmaries,  etc.      See  Du  Cange,  s.%t.  Skella. 
departed  to  ther  bookes].      Here  follows,  in  Ed.  H.,  this  addition  : — 

This  Fabrick  retained  the  Name  of  the  Petty  Canons  Hall,  till  Dr. 
Sudbury  Dean  of  this  Cathedral  generously  erected  a  beautifull 
Library  in  its  Place,  which  he  not  Living  to  finish  completely,  by 
the  following  Clause  of  his  Last  will,  binds  his  Heir  Sir  JOHN 
Sudbury  to  the  due  Execution  thereof. 
"  Item,  whereas  I  have  lately  contracted  with  several  workmen  for  the 
building  of  a  Library  in  the  Place  commonly  called  the  Petty  Canons 
Hall  in  the  College  of  Durham,  for  the  Use  of  the  Dean  and 
Prebendaries  of  the  said  Cathedral  Church.  And  if  it  should  please 
God  that  I  do  not  live  to  finish  the  same,  my  will  and  Pleasure  is, 
that  my  Executor,  hereafter  named  shall  pay  out  of  my  personal 
Estate,  all  such  Sum  or  Sums  of  Money,  as  shall  be  necessary  for 
the  finishing  thereof,  according  to  such  Form  or  Modell,  or  in  such 
manner  as  I  shall  leave  Directions  for,  under  my  Hand,  attested  by 
two  or  more  good  and  sufficient  witnesses."  This  will  is  dated 
Jan.  11.  1683.—  Addition,  Ed.  H. 
The  Petty  Canons'  Hall  is  mentioned  in  1593. — Rolls,  738.  There  was 
also  about  1566  "the  petycanons  kytching." — lb.  716.  The  hall  had 
long  been  useless  and  ruined  in  1665  (Hutchinson,  II,  131;/.). 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  26 1 

XL,  pp.  82^-83. 

a  fair  laver  or  counditt].  There  were  Iwo  distincl  kinds  of  monastic  lavers 
or  lavatories,  namely  those  ol  a  circular,  polygonal,  or  multifoil  form, 
and  those  of  a  long  trough  form,  both  supplied  from  conduits  which 
were  themselves  supplied  from  springs  al  some  distance.  Thus  at 
Durham  the  water  was  brought  from  springs  which  supplied  a  tank 
a  mile  to  the  south,  and  of  course  on  higher  ground.  Al  Westminster, 
from  springs  where  Hyde  Park  now  is. — Archceologia,  LIII,  164.  At 
Worcester,  from  Battenhall,  Swanpool,  and  ultimately  from  Hen  wick 
Hill. — Noake,  Worcester,  1 11— 115.  At  Canterbury,  (Vom  springs  in 
higher  ground  to  the  north  of  the  monastery,  as  was  the  case  at  the 
London  Charter-house.  —  R.  Willis,  Coiiv.  Buildings,  ch.  x  ;  Arclueo- 
logia,  LVI,  251 — 266  ;  LYIII,  293 — 312.  The  finest  example  of  tin 
second  kind  is  at  Gloucester  ;  others  remain,  or  have  left  indications, 
in  more  or  less  perfect  condition,  at  Fountains,  Worcester,  Peter- 
borough, Westminster,  Norwich,  Kirkham,  Hexham,  etc.  The 
great  cloister-laver  at  Durham  was  of  the  former  kind,  and  there 
were  four  of  the  same  type  at  Canterbury  ;  two  were  in  the  Infirmary 
Cloister  :  the  laver-house  of  one  of  these  still  remains,  and  has  been 
miscalled  "  the  Baptistery  "  ;  another  was  in  the  Great  Cloister,  and 
a  fourth  in  the  North  Hall.  Willis  describes  them  as  shown  by  an 
ancient  drawing1  to  have  been  large  tanks  of  ornamental  form  from 
which  water  either  ran  continually  from  points  in  the  circumference, 
or  was  drawn  off  by  several  cocks.  The  three  first  mentioned  were 
sheltered  by  circular  houses  with  conical  roofs. — Conv.  Buildings  in 
Canterbury,  1869,  p.  158.  At  Peterborough  in  1896  were  found 
portions  of  a  marble  basin  between  20  and  30  feet  in  circumference, 
with  a  series  of  small  basins  running  round  it  ;  it  has  probably  been 
a  great  cloister  laver  similar  to  one  at  Maulbronn.  At  the  Cluniac 
Priory  of  Wenlock,  co.  Salop,  are  the  remains  of  a  fine  late  Norman 
lavatory,  with  an  enriched  circular  basin  in  the  centre  of  which  stood 
a  pillar  or  fountain  with  the  water  supply.  The  whole  was  enclosed 
in  an  octagonal  building,  like  that  at  the  Cistercian  Abbev  of 
Mellifont  in  Ireland,  projecting  into  the  garth  from  the  cloister  alley 
in  front  of  the  frater  door.  The  Durham  example  resembled  this  in 
arrangement.  The  cloister  well,  which  afforded  the  earliest  supply, 
and  which  was  retained  in  reserve,  to  be  used  "quando  pipa  gelidata 
fuit  "  (Rolls,  536),  or  when  from  any  other  cause  the  hydraulic  system 
failed,  has  lately  been  found.  A  full  account  of  recent  discoveries 
will  probably  appear  in  Arclucologia ,  LVI  1 1,  pt.  ii. 

in  forme  Round],  Round  within,  certainly,  but  perhaps  octagonal  outside. 
The  marble  basin  still  exists,  with  a  trough  all  round  it. — Hillings,  PI. 
xlv.  The  building  and  basin  were  begun,  on  the  site  of  an  earlier 
laver-house,  in  1432,  and  completed  the  next  year.  A  detailed 
account-roll  of  the  expenses  is  printed  in  Scriptores  Tres,  App.  No. 
cccxlvi  ;  it  shows  that  the  marble  was  quarried  at   Eggleston  on  the 

Tees,   being   bought   of  the   abbot    of  the    monastery  there.       There  is 
a    full    account    of    the    plumber's    and     Carpenter's     work     "  circa     le 

pentees,"    the   carriage  of  the  marble,  etc.,  and    sec    Rolls,    Index 
under  Layers. 


262  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

spoutes  ofbrasse].  "  Item  Laurencio  latonerio  de  Novo  Castro  pro  factura 
le  spowtys,  ixs." — Roll  in  Srr.  Tres,  p.  ccccxliv. 

'oiio  faire  wyndowes].  One  on  each  side  save  that  occupied  by  the  door, 
and  it  was  so  at  Wenlock. 

apparnt  till  this  daie\.  1593-  Plumber's  work  "  ouer  ye  douescott "  is 
mentioned  in  the  same  year. — Misc.  Cart.  3131  ;  Rolls,  735. 

thcr  did  hing  a  bell].  In  connexion  with  the  lavatory  at  Gloucester  is 
a  narrow  vertical  shaft  which  may  have  been  made  for  the  passage 
of  a  rope  to  a  frater  bell. 

closettes  or  almeries].  All  traces  of  these  have  disappeared  at  Durham  ;  at 
Gloucester,  however,  in  the  wall  over  against  the  lavatory,  is  a  fine 
groined  recess  for  towels,  formerly  closed  by  doors,  the  crooks  of 
which  remain,  and  above  them  open  tracery  for  the  free  passage  of 
air,  as  at  Durham  (ch.  XXXVin).  The  towels  would  hang  in  two 
wooden  closets  at  the  back.  At  Westminster  are  four  tall  niches 
united  into  one  composition  by  tracery  above.  They  have  had  doors, 
as  is  shown  by  the  places  where  the  hooks  and  fastenings  have  been, 
and  have  no  doubt  been  the  towel  closets.  The  Durham  closets  are 
more  particularly  described  above,  ch.  XXXVIII.  Cloister  towels  are 
mentioned  by  Udalric,  c.  1100  (Du  Cange,  s.v.  Manutetgium).  See 
Rolls,  Index  under  Manutergia,  Towels,  Towel-closet. 

to  drie  ther  handes].  Their  hands  would  be  partly  dried  in  walking  from 
the  laver  to  the  towel-closets  by  the  Frater  door. 

XLI,   p.  83. 

all  fynely  glased].  Probably  with  white  glass,  so  as  to  admit  as  much  light 
as  possible. 

in  enery  wyndowe  iijo  pewes  or  carrells].  The  north  alley  was  probably 
screened  off  at  both  ends.  At  Canterbury,  Prior  Selling  (1472-95) 
glazed  the  south  alley  (that  next  to  the  church)  "  ac  ibidem  novos 
Textus,  quos  Carolos  de  novo  vocamus,  perdecentes  fecit."  At 
Gloucester  are  twenty  carrels  in  the  south  alley,  below  the  transoms 
of  the  windows  ;  the  one  most  eastward  may  have  been  fitted  up  as  a 
book-closet.  Textus  seems  to  be  for  tectos,  which  might  mean 
covered  places  in  a  cloister. — See  Du  Cange,  s.v.  Tectus,  2.  Five 
carrels  remain  at  Chester,  but  in  most  cloisters,  as  at  Durham,  they 
have  disappeared.  The  term  pew  is  here  used  of  an  enclosed  space 
similar  to  a  pew  in  a  church,  and  is  derived  from  the  Old  French  put, 
an  elevated  space,  and  pews  were  at  first  only  for  distinguished 
persons,  as  the  Prior  of  Durham,  who  had  "  a  seate  or  pew  "  in  the 
Neville  Chapel  (ch.  xx).  Carol  was  originally  a  ring-dance  or  a 
circular  enclosure,  e.g.  "  the  Gyauntes  Carole,"  or  Stone-henge,  and 
stone  circles  in  Brittany,  hence  an  enclosure  of  any  form  ;  see 
N.  E.  D.,  under  Carol.  There  are  some  notices  of  the  Carrels  in  the 
Rolls,  o.v.,  Index,  s.v. 

great  almeries].  Some  of  the  marks  still  to  be  seen  on  the  wall  may  be 
vestiges  of  these  book-cases. 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  263 

old  auncyent  written  Docters,  etc.].  Fora  catalogue  ol  the  books  found  in 
the  common  almery  and  in  various  places  within  the  cloister  .11 
Durham  in  1395,  see  Catalogi  Veteres,  pp.  40  7'»-  Many  of  the 
books  still  remain  in  the  Cathedral  library,  and  contain  inscriptions 
such  as  "  Liber  S'ci  Cuthberti  assignatus  co'i  armariolo,"  "  E 
communi  libraria  monachorum  Dunelm.,"  and  the  like.  See  Rials 
Catalogfuet  p.  8,  etc.  Lanfranc,  in  accordance  with  the  Rule  of  St. 
Benedict,  ch.  48,  gives  minute  directions  about  the  returning  and 
reissuing  on  the  fust  Monday  in  Lent  of  books  which  the  brethren 
had  out  for  their  private  study  ;  this  is  10  be  done  in  the  chapter- 
house, and  the  keeper  is  to  record  in  a  note  the  names  of  the  books, 
and  of  those  who  have  received  them.  —  Reyner,  2165  R.  Willis, 
Con"'.  Buildings,  332. 

pniphane  authors].  As,  for  example,  Terence,  Horace,  Juvenal,  Virgil, 
Ovid,  Cicero.     See  Catalogi  Veteres,  Index. 

XL  1 1,  pp.  83 — 85. 

ye  Threserhouse],     The  Treasury  is  the  northernmost  bay  of  the  undercroft 

of  the  Dorter,  separated  from  the  rest  by  a  thick  wall.  It  retains  its 
strong  door  and  two  locks,  and  its  grate  of  iron,  dividing  the  inner 
or  western  portion  from  that  next  to  the  cloister.  The  books, 
charters,  etc.,  formerly  kept  here,  have  long  been  removed,  as 
stated  in  MS.  L.,  and  in  Hunter's  addition,  together  with  the 
original  oak  almeries,  into  St.  Helen's  Chapel  over  the  great 
gateway  ;  the  chapter  seal  is  kept  in  the  Chapter-house,  and  the  old 
treasury  is  now  a  lumber-room.  In  1391  it  was  called  Cancellaria, 
from  the  grate,  or  "  le  Spendement,"  or,  incorrectly,  "  Splendement, 
from  the  paying  of  wages  and  other  money  through  the  bars. 
A  great  many  of  the  more  valuable  books  were  kept  in  this  secure 
place.  See  Catalogi  Veteres,  v.  vi,  10,  34,  85.  From  this  use  it  was 
called  "  Libraria  interior." 

]■■  Chapter  scale].  While  now  oi'  late  it  is  altered,  their  Treasure  and 
Money  being  kept  in  a  strong  House  over  the  East  Gates  of  the 
Abbey  in  the  South  Raily  now  called  the  Exchequer  ;  but  in  the  said 
old  Treasury  the  Common  Chapter  Seal  is  still  kept.  Addition,  Ed.  II. 
The  two  bays  of  the  undercroft  next  to  the  old  Treasury  served 
for  the  Song-school  until  it  was  removed  to  the  chamber  over 
the  Parlour  in  1900.  At  present  (1903)  the  first  bay  from  the 
Treasury  is  occupied  by  the  vestries  of  the  Minor  Canons  and  the 
King's  Scholars,  the  next  two  being  used  by  the  lay-clerks  and 
choristers. 

a  fair  Ivory  squared  table  .  .  .  great  c/iests].  "  Ivory"  only  in  MS.  L. 
The  table  was  probably  inlaid  with  squares  of  ivory  and  of  some 
black  or  dark  material,  so  as  to  form  a  checkered  board  to  calculate 
upon.  Hence  our  term  "Exchequer,"  a  literary  corruption  of  the 
old  form  "  escheker."  See  X.  K.  D.  There  are  now  in  the  Library 
three  "great  chests  "  that  came  from  the  Treasury.  The  largest  is 
6  ft.  8  in.  long,  1  ft.  10  in.  wide,  and  2  feel  high  outside.  It  is  made 
of  oak,  2  in.  to  3  in.  thick,  and  entirely  covered  by  iron  plates   j1.    to 

3^   in.   wide  and  nailed   firmly  on.     Inside  it   is  lined  with  coarse 


264  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

white  canvas.  There  are  three  locks,  and  arrangements  tor  two 
padlocks  besides.  At  either  end  is  an  iron  ring',  attached  by  two 
long  iron  loops.  The  next  is  a  few  inches  smaller  every  way,  is  not 
lined,  and  has  no  end  rings.  It  is  plated  with  iron  outside  like  the 
last,  and  has  in  the  lid  four  coin-slits  placed  over  four  compartments 
into  which  the  chest  was  divided  by  three  partitions  now  gone  ; 
the  grooves  in  which  they  were  fixed  remain,  as  also  grooves  for 
saddle-backed  contrivances,  one  under  each  coin-slit,  to  make  it 
impossible  to  get  the  coins  out  by  means  of  hooked  wires  or  anything 
of  that  sort.  There  are  two  locks,  and  provision  for  three  padlocks- 
The  four  compartments  may  have  been  for  the  separate  funds  of  the 
Bursar,  the  Sacrist,  the  Almoner,  and  the  Hostillar,  and  the  five 
keys  for  the  Prior  or  Subprior  and  those  four  officers.  The  third 
chest  is  little  more  than  half  the  size  of  the  largest  one.  It  is  made  of 
fir  boards  zV2  to  3  inches  thick,  and  is  not  iron  plated.  The  lid  is 
coved  and  crescent-shaped  in  section,  3^  inches  thick  in  the  middle, 
and  made  of  a  single  piece  of  wood.  On  the  top  is  an  iron  plate, 
five  or  six  inches  square,  with  a  coin-slit  in  the  middle.  This  chest 
has  one  lock,  and  provision  for  two  padlocks.  There  is  at  the 
Castle  an  ancient  iron-bound  chest  similar  to  those  above  described, 
and  which  has  long  been  said  to  be  "  the  chest  in  which  St.  Cuth- 
bert's  body  was  deposited";  there  is  a  woodcut  of  it  in  Allan's 
"View  of  the  City  of  Durham,"  etc.,  1824,  p.  199.  It  was  probably 
a  chest  made  to  contain  the  charters,  plate,  or  other  valuables  of  the 
bishops,  and  it  is  very  unlikely  that  St.  Cuthbert's  body  was  ever 
placed  in  it.     There  are  two  other  ancient  chests  at  the  Castle. 

a  fair  great  stall,  etc.].      All  these  arrangements  have  disappeared. 

on  their  bookes].  There  is  a  list  of  the  books  found  in  the  common  ahnery 
of  the  novices  within  the  cloister  in  1395,  in  Catalogi  Veteres,  81. 

the  same  use  and  purpose].  Hunter,  p.  99,  here  adds  "  A  little  South  of  the 
Treasury  is  a  convenient  Room,  wherein  is  established  the  Song- 
school,  for  the  Instruction  of  Boys,  for  the  Use  of  the  Ouire  ;  the 
Song-school  in  the  South  Isle  of  the  Lanthorn,  being  decently 
furnished  with  a  reading  Desk,  convenient  Seats,  and  all  other 
laudable  Decencies,  is  appropriated  to  the  Service  of  GOD  ;  where 
Morning  Prayer  is  daily  celebrated  at  Six  in  the  Morning-  throughout 
the  whole  Year,  except  on  Sundays  and  Holydays."  With  regard  to 
these  6  a.m.  prayers,  the  following  notices  have  been  found.  At  the 
end  of  the  Treasurer's  book  of  1633  4  is  a  list  of  stipends,  etc., 
newly  granted  pro  beneplacito,  after  1620,  and  paid  annually.  Among 
these  we  find  :  -"  Minoribus  Canonicis  pro  lectione  Matutinarum  ad 
Hor.  b,  5/.  45.  or/."  There  is  a  Chapter  Order  of  1621,  "That  the 
prayers  at  six  of  the  Clocke  in  the  morning  shall  henceforth  be  reiki 
in  the  Quire  of  this  Church."  In  1630  it  was  objected  to  Cosin  and 
other  members  of  Chapter,  "  You  have  built  a  new  payre  of  gorgius 
organes,  which  have  cost  at  least  700//.,  which  you  command  to  be 
played  upon  not  only  at  the  6  o'clock  prayer  in  the  morning' 
(wherby  you  have  driven  away  from  the  church  all  schollars  and 
artificers,  which  were  wronl  to  frequent  that  morning  prayer,  when  it 
was  short,  and   playnly  said,  so  that   they   might   understand   it),    but 


NOTES    ON     11  IK    TEXT.  J(>5 

also,"  etc.  ;  and  again,  "as  yf  you  could  never  have  chaunling 
ynough,  you  and  your  fellows  have  taken  away  the  plain  morning- 
prayer  ai  (>  of  the  clocke,  ordained  by  the  Statutes  for  scholars)  and 
artificers,  and  have  turned  it  all  in  a  manner  into  chaunting  and 
piping."  There  is  no  such  order  in  the  Statutes.  In  1633  4  we  find 
the  £5  4s.  paid  "  Minoribus  Canonicis  Malutinarum  Lectoribus 
Hebdomadariis  extra  Chorum,"  so  thai  the  order  of  1621  had 
been  rescinded.  The  payment  ol  two  minor  canons  as  Readers 
of  tlu-  Morning  Prayers  continued  until  1K54  and  1864,  when,  the 
service  having  long  ceased  to  bo  held,  the  offices  of  the  two  last 
readers  wore  not  filled  up.  In  the  eighteenth  century  there  were 
payments  to  the  vergers,  or  to  the  sub-sacrist,  "  pro  prseparalione 
oratorii  pro  prec.  matutin.,  1/.'  There  is  a  good  deal  of  information 
on  this  subject  in  Walcott's  Traditions,  etc.,  of  Cathedrals,  1X72, 
pp.  97 — 102.  See  also  a  letter  of  Dean  Whittingham  in  Strype's 
Parker  (1821),  I,  267  8,  or  Camden  Misc.,  VI,  23/1.  Walcott's  state- 
ment, that  "  in  Defoe's  time  500  people  attended  the  6  o'clock 
service,"  relates  not  to  Durham,  but  to  Exeter.  "  It  is  no  un- 
common Tiling  to  see  500  People  here  in  a  Morning  ;  which  is  at 
least  five  Times  as  many  as  usually  attend  at  St,  Paul's,  or  any 
other  Six  o'clock  Chapel  I  was  ever  al  ;  and  it  is  commendable, 
that  the  Reader  doth  not  here  curtail  the  Morning  Service,  by 
leaving  out  any  Part  of  it,  as  in  other  Places  they  do.  Here  are 
two  Morning  Lectures  preached  weekly;  viz.,  Tuesday  and  Friday 
Mornings.'  Daniel  Defoe,  A  tour,  etc.,  7th  edition,  1769,  Vol.  I, 
p.  370,  note,  referring  to  the  "daily  Prayers  at  Six  in  the  Morning." 

XLIII,  pp.  85—86. 
yr  Dorter],  There  was  an  earlier  dormitory  in  Norman  tunes  on  the  east 
side  of  the  cloister-garth  ;  the  cellarage  under  the  Dean's  hall  and 
dining-room  probably  represents  the  original  Common-house  with 
Dormitory  over  it  ;  some  blocked  Norman  windows,  and  the  cloister- 
doorway  and  remains  of  the  stairs  of  the  latter  may  stili  be  seen. 
Early  in  the  twelfth  century  these  were  found  to  be  too  small  ;  the 
new  Chapter-house  not  only  occupied  much  of  the  space,  but  cut  off 
direct  access  from  the  dormitory  to  the  church,  and  the  Prior, 
wanting  a  great  house,  worked  into  it  what  was  left  of  the  old 
dormitory  and  cellars,  adding  to  them  eastward,  notably  by  the 
erection  of  the  thirteenth  century  Priors  Chapel  and  its  crypt.  The 
western  range  would  usually  have  the  great  cellar  below  and  the 
cellarer's  hall  above,  and  this  may  have  been  the  case  here  in 
Norman  times.  The  great  doorway  of  the  later  dormitory,  perhaps 
that  of  the  original  Parlour,  and  other  Norman  portions  remain,  but 
that  dormitory  was  almost  wholly  rebuilt  in  the  thirteenth  century  as 
the  Great  Dormitory,  for  which  purpose  it  would  be  secluded  enough 
after  the  Galilee  hail  cut  off  access  from  the  north.  The  cellarage 
was  then  reconstructed  as  Treasury,  Common-house,  Great  cellar, 
etc.  Nothing  is  left  ol  the  superstructure  fust  placed  over  the 
present  cellarage,  unless  some  portions  ol  the  walls,  and  a 
shouldered  doorway  that  opened  into  the  church  under  the  S.W. 
tower,    on    a    level    with    the   dormitory   floor,    belonged   to   it.      This 


266  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

doorway  may  have  led  to  wooden  stairs  for  access  to  the  church  by 
night.  The  dormitory  referred  to  in  the  text,  and  still  existing  as  the 
New  Library,  was  begun  in  1398  and  finished  in  1404.  The  contracts 
for  the  work  are  printed  in  Scrip/ores  Tres,  App.  Nos.  clx,  clxiv. 
For  notices  of  it,  and  of  contributions  to  it,  see  Rolls,  Index,  under 
Dormitory. 

a  litle  chamber  of  ivainscott\.  All  the  original  fittings  have  disappeared,  but 
some  idea  of  the  arrangements  may  be  gained  from  the  present 
windows,  which,  to  a  great  extent,  occupy  the  places  of  the  old  ones. 

///or  was  no  windowes].  There  are  still  no  windows  on  the  east  side 
towards  the  south  end,  because  there  the  Loft  abuts  on  the  Dor- 
mitory wall.  On  the  opposite  wall  some  part  of  the  Infirmary 
probably  abutted  in  like  manner,  the  modern  windows  there  having 
apparently  been  inserted  where  none  had  existed  previously. 

a  dosen  cressetts\  Cavities  wrought  in  the  four-square  stone.  See  above, 
ch.  1,  note  ;  ch.  XIII,  and  note. 

a  faire  large  house}.  This  was  a  substantial  building  found  in  all 
monasteries,  constructed  with  no  attempt  at  concealment.  The  plan 
of  or  for  St.  Gall  in  the  ninth  century  (Arch.  Journal,  Vol.  V,  p.  85) 
shows  six  of  these  necessaria  provided  for  different  places  in  that 
great  monastery,  besides  some  smaller  ones,  and  the  chief  or  Great 
Xecessarium  connected  with  the  Great  Dormitory.  The  seven  large 
ones  are  shown  as  isolated  buildings  connected  by  narrow  passages 
with  the  apartments  that  they  served.  The  Necessarinm  had  many 
different  names.  At  Canterbury  it  was  called  the  Third  Dormitory 
to  distinguish  it  from  the  Great  and  from  the  Second  (officers') 
dormitory,  "  Dormitory  "  probably  in  playful  allusion  to  the  monks 
dozing  in  its  recesses  ;  see  Lanfranc,  quoted  in  note  below  on 
"privy  searche."  Elsewhere  the  Privy  Dorter,  the  Rere  Dorter, 
or,  as  here,  the  Privies,  or  as  in  Rolls,  603,  Secretum  Dormitorii. 
Wherever  it  could  be  managed,  a  watercourse  flowed  through  the 
pit  below,  or  was  held  up  and  occasionally  allowed  to  rush  through 
for  Hushing  purposes.  This  could  not  be  done  at  Durham  in  the 
usual  way,  owing  to  the  peculiarity  of  the  site,  and  some  method 
oi'  flushing  from  the  conduit  must  have  been  adopted.  There  are 
considerable  remains  of  the  Rere-dorter  at  Kirkstall,  St.  Agatha's 
by  Richmond,  Castle  Acre,  Netley,  Canterbury,  Worcester,  and  at 
Lewes,  where  it  was  158  feet  long,  with  61  compartments,  in  a  row 
against  the  south  wall,  over  the  watercourse.  The  pit  exists  at 
Westminster  and  elsewhere.  For  Canterbury,  see  R.  Willis,  Conv. 
Buildings,  p.  82  ff.  ;  for  Castle  Acre,  Hope,  in  Norfolk  Archaology, 
XII,  132-4;  and  for  Lewes,  Hope  in  Sussex  Arckceol.  Collections, 
XXXIV7,  98,  and  Arch.  Journal,  XLI,  26.  At  Worcester  much  has  come 
to  light  since  Willis  wrote  in  Arch.  Journal,  Vol.  XX,  83—133.  At 
Durham  the  pit  remains,  with  an  outlet  westward,  but  it  has  not  been 
fully  explored,  else  the  two  great  pillars  might  have  been  seen.  The 
south  wall  is  standing  up  to  the  sills  of  the  little  windows,  and  now 
forms  the  north  wall  of  the  stables  over  the  Lying-house  (ch.  XLVl)  ; 
these  have  a  hayloft  over  them,  in  which  the  window  sills  are  visible. 
In    an    oil-painting    at    the    Castle,     probably    of    the    sixteenth     or 


NOTES    ON    11  IK    I  IX  1.  267 

seventeenth  century,  the  Roto  Dorter  and  a  larger  building  to  the 
south  ("the  Master  of  the  Fermerey's  chamber")  are  shown  as 
standing  in  juxtaposition  at  right  angles  to  the  Dorter,  roofed,  and 
with  windows  of  late  character,  as  if  they  had  been  adapted  to  later 
uses. 

title  ivyndowes].  See  the  last  note.  At  Worcester,  a  stretch  of  the  south 
wall  of  the  corresponding  building  is  standing,  with  five  very  narrow 
Norman  slit  windows  widely  splayed  inside.  Between  the  windows 
are  the  holes  where  the  wooden  partitions  were  fixed,  and  on  the 
Boor-level,  over  the  pit,  holes  for  joists.  A  small  piece  of  the  front 
wall  of  the  pit  remains. 

there  is  iij  fair  glass  rvyndowes\.  Both  these  and  the  original  "  litle 
wyndowes  "  appear  from  this   passage    to    have  remained  till  about 

'  593- 

tt  privy  scurchc\.  Here  the  Subprior  performed  the  duty  assigned  to  the 
Circa  or  Circnniitor  in  Lanfranc's  Constitutions,  in  accordance  with  a 
direction  in  the  Rule  of  St.  Benedict,  ch.  xlviii,  that  one  or  two 
seniors  "  circumeant  monasterium  horis  quibus  vacant  fratres 
lectioni,"  lest  any  should  be  slothful  or  a  hindrance  to  others.  In 
later  times  it  was  found  desirable  that  these  rounds  should  be 
extended  thus:  "  accensa  candela  in  absconsa,  unus  eoruni  in 
dormitorio  debet  circumire  lectos  omnium,  et  omnia  sedilia  in 
necessariis,  solicite  considerans  tie  forte  aliquis  frater  dormiens  ibi 
remanserit  .  .  .  vero  cum  dormientes  invenerit  non  eos  quocunque 
modo  tangat,  sed  modeste  atque  ordinate  sonitum  tantummodo,  quo 
excitentur,  faciat." — Lanfranc,  c.  1072. 

paved  ivtl1  fyne  tried  stone].  If  any  of  this  pavement  remains,  it  is  concealed 
by  the  present  boarded  floor  of  the  New  Library. 

The  Supprior  dyd  aheaies  dyne,  etc.].  The  Prior  commonly  taking  his 
meals  in  his  own  hall  or  private  apartment. 

praier  &  deuocton],  "  Mox  ut  surrexerint  a  ca±na,  sedeant  omnes  in  unum, 
et  legal  unus  Collationes,  vel  \'itas  Patrum,  aut  certe  aliud  quod 
asdificet  audientes." — fteg-  S.  Be/ied.,  cap.  xlii.  These  conferences 
may  have  been  held  in  the  chapter-house  at  Durham,  and  they  may 
be  what  the  writer  is  referring  to. 

they  -cent  t<>  y  Salvi].  The  meaning  probably  is  that  they  went  to 
Compline,  and  that  this  office  was  sometimes  called  the  Salve  from 
the  antiphon  Salve  Regina,  the  earliest  antiphon  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  commonly  recited  in  the  Church.  In  the  Roman  Breviary  it 
is  directed  to  be  said  after  Lauds  and  Compline  from  Trinity  Sunday 
to  Advent.  According  to  Zaccaria,  it  had  no  place  in  that  Breviary 
till  Cardinal  Ouignon  introduced  it,  and  it  has  often  been  said 
that  it  was  transferred  from  Ouignon's  Breviary  to  that  of  Pius  Y. 
There  are,  however,  early  printed  Roman  Breviaries  with  this 
anthem  in  them  at  Compline.  It  is  not  in  the  Old  English  Breviaries, 
but  nevertheless  it  was  recited  after  Compline  by  the  Franciscans  as 
early  as  1241),  and  by  the  Benedictines  earlier  than  1343.  It  was 
ordered  to  W  sung  with  special  solemnity,  and  so  might  easily  give 
its  name  to  the  whole  of  the  service  at  which  it  was  used.  It  was, 
indeed,  the  great  musical  effort  of  the  quire,  sung  in  pricksong  in 


268  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

many  parts,  even  a  dozen  or  more.  It  was  sung  in  the  richer  parish 
churches  and  was  very  popular,  h  lent  its  name  to  other  anthems 
similarly  used,  and  was  the  parent  of  the  anthem  now  sung  after 
Mattins  and  Evensong-.  In  a  modern  monastery  the  Salve  sung-  at 
the  end  of  Compline  commonly  impresses  the  lay  mind  much  more 
than  the  office  itself.  See  a  constitution  in  Reyner,  Appendix,  153  ; 
B.  Gavanti,  Comm.  in  Ritbr.  Breviarii,  %  V,  cap.  xxii,  5  ;  Addis  and 
Arnold,  Cat/i.  Diet.,  742  :  J.  Wickham  Legg,  Principles,  etc.,  of 
Prayer  Book,  33. 

vj  of  ye  cloche].  After  Compline  and  Salve,  the  monks  went  to  bed,  but  it 
must  be  remembered  that  they  rose  at  midnight  for  Mattins.  See  ch. 
XHi,  at  the  end. 

XLIV,   pp.  86—88. 

The  Lofte\.  So  called  in  Durham  as  being  on  a  higher  level  than  the 
Frater.  It  corresponded  with  the  Misericorde  at  Westminster  and 
elsewhere,  called  Deportum  at  Canterbury,  a  subsidiary  Frater 
where  certain  monks  dined  who  for  infirmity  or  other  reasons  were 
allowed  to  take  their  meals  outside  the  Frater  proper,  and  with 
indulgences  that  could  not  be  permitted  there.  Hence  it  may  well 
have  been  called,  as  it  appears  to  have  been  in  Durham,  Solarium 
Caritatis,  under  which  head  see  the  Index  to  Rolls.  At  the 
beginning  of  the  fourteenth  century  Winchelsey's  Statutes  provide 
for  the  additional  masses  to  be  attended  by  those  who  in  their  turns 
were  taking  their  Deportum.  See  further  in  R.  Willis,  Conv. 
Buildings,  59 — 61,  and,  with  reference  to  St.  Agatha's  by  Richmond, 
Hope,  in  Yks.  Arch.  Jrnl.,  X,  144.  It  appears  that  at  Durham,  in 
the  sixteenth  century,  all  the  monks  regularly  dined  in  the  Loft,  and 
the  novices  only  in  the  Frater,  except  on  festival  days  (ch.  XXXIX, 
xliv).  In  a  statute  of  1444  it  is  strictly  forbidden  that  any  but 
growing  youths  dine  in  the  Frater  from  September  13  to  Ash 
Wednesday,  save  on  Sundays  and  festivals.  See  Reyner,  Appendix, 
129.     Cf.  Reg.  S.  Bened.,  cap.  xli. 

The  mounckes  dyd  all  dyne  together].  This  is  perhaps  not  quite  accurate. 
We  find  some  of  the  obedientiaries  having  their  "  meat,"  which  may 
have  included  their  dinner,  served  from  the  kitchen  to  their  checkers 
(ch.  xlix).  And  according  to  MS.  H.  45,  L.,  and  Da  vies,  it  was  the 
old  monks  that  dined  and  supped  in  the  Loft.  The  old  discipline 
may  have  become  much  relaxed  at  the  last. 

aboue  ye  seller].  The  small  cellar,  that  is,  under  the  northern  portion  of  the 
Loft.  It  has  a  square  opening  in  the  centre  of  the  vault,  as  if  for 
letting  down  and  drawing  up  vessels,  and  beside  the  door  leading  to 
it  from  the  covey  or  pantry  is  a  small  opening  which  has  had  a  little 
door  and  fastenings,  as  if  for  serving  drink  from  the  cellar  to  the 
covey  without  opening  the  great  door.  The  internal  dimensions  of 
this  cellar  are  about  28  ft.  by  10  ft.  Between  it  and  the  cellarage 
under  the  Dorter,  "  the  great  cellar,"  was  another  doorway,  now 
blocked. 
y  said  great  kitchinge  serninge,  etc.].  Nevertheless  there  may  have  been 
smaller  kitchens  for  minor  cookeries,  as  in  the  Infirmary,  Guest-hall, 
etc. 


NOTES    ON     I  III.     1  EXT.  269 

two  dresser  windowes],  Ch.  xxxix  mentions  one  of  these  windows  as  "the" 
dresser  window,  in  connexion  with  the  great  feast  of  St.  Cuthbert  in 
Lent,  p.  81,  and  of  either  this  or  the  other  as  "a"  dresser  window, 
through  which  the  novices  were  served  on  ordinary  days,  p.  K-'. 
A  dresser  window  was  an  opening  provided  with  a  "dresser"  or 
table  on  both  sides,  for  the  convenient  passing  through  of  dishes 
and  other  vessels,  etc.  Both  windows  have  disappeared  ;  one  does 
not  quite  see  why  the  larger  window  did  not  servo  for  all  days. 
There  are  two  at  Westminster  in  a  fifteenth  or  sixteenth  century 
wall  blocking  up  a  large  fourteenth-century  arch  which  was  once 
open.  Meat  could  be  served  more  quickly  through  two  dresser- 
windows  used  together  than  through  one. 

a>i(l  s<>  «/>  a greece}.  L'p  a  flight  of  steps,  but  these  have  all  gone,  and  it 
cannot  now  be  seen  how  the  monks  went  up  from  the  Frater-house 
door  into  the  Loft. 

another  door,  that  went  into  the  great  Cellar].  We  o\o  not  know  exactly 
where  the  "greesefoot  "  was,  but  it  must  have  been  somewhere  in  or 
near  the  smaller  cellar  under  the  Loft.  Carter's  plan  shows  an  open 
doorway,  now  blocked,  between  the  one  cellar  and  the  other,  and  a 
second  doorway  in  the  wall,  now  destroyed,  that  divided  the  Great 
Cellar  proper  from  the  compartment  oi'  the  undercroft  of  the  Dorter 
next  to  it  on  the  South.  "  Buttery  "  (a  place  for  Butts,  see  N.  E.  D.) 
appears  to  have  been  a  synonym  for  the  Great  Cellar. 

not  so  great  for  every  day].  This  Loft  since  the  Dissolution  of  the 
Monastery  was  made  the  dining-room  of  the  Fifth  Prebendaries 
house. — Addition,  Ed.  H.  After  the  suppression  of  six  of  the 
Prebendaries,  this  same  room  was  made,  and  is  now  (iqo^)  the 
Librarian's  room. 

v'vshers  dottr\.  Seech.  XXXVII.  The  entry  still  remains,  though  blocked 
eastward  by  modern  alterations. 

ye  centorie  garth].  The  Centry  or  cemetery  garth  which  has  been  so  often 
mentioned. 

ther  did  Stand,  etc.].  This  custom  appears  to  have  been  something  of  the 
same  kind  as  the  I'isilatio  tumuli  per  xxx  dies  prescribed  in  Liber 
Evesham.  (11.  Bradshaw  Soc),  col.  147,  a  usage  not  mentioned  in 
the  Concordia  Kegularis  nor  in  Lanfranc.  There  were  doubtless  at 
Durham,  as  in  other  Benedictine  houses,  many  private  practices  or 
customs  besides  the  common  practice  of  the  Rule,  and  the  daily  visit 
to  the  graves  seems  to  have  been  one  of  these  local  usages.  We 
find  a  similar  custom  at  St.  Albans.  Abbot  Hugh  (1308,  26) 
"concessit  etiam  fratribus  universis,  ut  quibuscunque  temporibus  die 
competentibus  dictum  locum  (coemeterium)  vellenl  visitare,  orandi 
causa,  facultatem  haberent,  silent  jo  minime  relaxato."  Gesta  Abb, 
S.  Albani,  Rolls  edition.  Vol.  II,  p.  125.  Cornelius  A  Lapide  in  his 
commentary  on  St.  Luke  viii,  29,  speaks  of  having  witnessed  the 
visitation  of  the  tombs  at  Arras  in  Belgium,  when'  a  number  of 
persons  came  lo  make  their  prayers  and  where  lights  were  burnt  to 
keep  away  demons. 

the  onelie  writers  of  all  the  actes,  etc.|.  As,  tor  example,  Symeon  of 
Durham,  the  Scriplores  '/'res  (Coldingham,  Graystanes,  and 
Chambre),  Reginald  of  Durham,  and  Prior  Wessington, 


2~0  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

what  miracles  was  done}.  Not  only  the  miracles  related  by  Bede,  Symeon, 
Reginald,  and  others,  but  much  later  ones.  In  1410-11  we  find  a 
payment  of  6s.  8d.  to  one  relating'  a  miracle  of  St.  Cuthbert  (Rolls, 
138),  and  a  miracle  wrought  in  July,  1502,  is  related  in  Scr.   Tres,  152. 

XLY,    pp.    88—89. 

The  Commone  Howse\.  Otherwise  called  the  Calefactory  or  Warming-house, 
from  the  fire  that  was  allowed  in  it  (see  eh.  l).  It  was  here  in  the 
usual  situation,  namely  in  the  basement  of  the  Dorter.  The  Bene- 
dictine Common  House  only  occupied  two  or  three  bays.  It  was 
used  for  warming  and  recreation,  sometimes,  perhaps,  for  shaving 
and  bleeding,  but  ai  Durham  there  were  separate  shaving  and 
bleeding  houses. — Rolls,  Index.  Carter's  plan  shows  the  partition 
walls  that  bounded  the  Common-house  and  the  Great  Cellar, 
with  the  passage  between  them  that  led  to  the  Infirmary.  Not 
only  these  walls,  but  all  traces  of  the  fireplace  have  disappeared. 
At  Westminster  the  Common-house  occupied  two  bays,  at  Durham 
three.  At  Westminster  a  chapel  was  placed  on  the  east  side  of 
the  Common-house,  opening  out  of  it.  This  arrangement  was 
impossible  at  Durham  by  reason  of  other  buildings  occupying  the 
space.  For  much  information  with  regard  to  the  Common-house, 
see  Rolls,  Index  under  Commoner,  and  Common-house.  In  Cistercian 
abbeys,  the  Common-house  was  an  independent  building,  adjoining 
the  frater.  —  Hope,  in  Yks.  Arch.  J  nil.,  XV,  356 — 361. 

a  garding  and  a  boivlinge  allie].  Where  these  were,  is  now  a  grassplat  or 
bowling-green,  but  the  doorway  shown  in  Carter's  plan  as  having  led 
to  them  has  been  destroyed. 

remedy  of  there  mr\.  "Remedy"  is  an  old  term  for  an  extra  holiday  or 
play-time.  It  occurs  in  the  Founder's  Statutes  of  St.  Paul's  School, 
1518,  in  Instructions  to  the  Master  of  Merchant  Taylors',  c.  1560, 
and  it  is  still  current  at  Winchester  and  at  St.  Paul's. 

O  Sapientia\.  The  16th  of  December  is  so  called  because  on  that  day  the 
first  of  the  anthems  called  "  the  great  O's,"  or  "  the  O's  of  Advent," 
was  sung,  and  it  began  with  those  words.  There  were  eight  of 
them,  or  nine  including  "  O  Thoma  Didyme,"  which  was  sung  on  the 
2 1  st.  See  the  Sarum  Breviary,  Cambr.  edition,  fasc.  I,  cols,  civ, 
clvi,  or  York,  Surtees  edition.  Vol.  I,  cols.  57,  58.  See  further  in  the 
note  on  the  Commoner,  ch.  xi.ix,  and,  for  a  very  full  treatment  of  the 
whole  subject,  Archceologia ,  XLIX,  219 — 242. 

a  sollemtic  banqnett].  This  was  in  fact  a  "pittance,"  i.e.  an  occasional  allow- 
ance of  something  besides  the  common  fare.  For  other  "great  O 
pittances"  at  St.  Paul's,  Abingdon,  Bur}',  and  in  France,  see  Archee- 
ologia  (ubi  cit.).     As  to  Durham,  see  Rolls,  Index  under  Pittances. 

XLVI,  p.  89. 

The  Fermerye}.      For  more  about  the  Infirmary,  see  above,  ch.  xxm. 

the  mr  of  ye  fermeryes  chamber}.  This  was  a  usual  appendage  to  the 
Infirmary.  At  Canterbury,  Prior  Hathbrande  (1338-70)  built  the  hall 
called  "  Mensa  Magistri  Infirmatorii  "  (or  "Table  Hall"  at  the 
Reformation)  as  the  Refectory  for  those  who  were  able  to  quit  their 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  271 

chambers  or  were  relieved  from  strict  observance  of  the  Rule,  Its 
walls  remain,  projecting  northward  from  the  Infirmary*  -R.  Willis, 
Conv.  Buildings,  55.  At  Peterborough  it  stands  just  detached  from 
the  N.E.  corner  ot  the  Infirmary  chapel.  At  Ely  it  remains  as  a 
canon's  house,  projecting  northward  from  the  Infirmary  aisle  and 
chapel,  It  was  called  the  "Gent  Hall,"  probably  from  the  enter- 
taining of  gentlefolk  therein.  The  admission  of  seculars  to  the 
Infirmary  became  an  abuse  against  which  regulations  had  to  l>e 
issued.  See  Cott.  MSS.  Claud.  E.  IV,  245;  Jul.  D.  II,  1586;  Nero 
A.  XII,  158A,  quoted  in  Fosbrooke,  British  Monachism  (1817),  324//;/. 
The  Farmery  tare  is  satirized  by  Langland  in  Piers  Plowman 
(Skeat's  edition,  1886,  1,  392).  Of  the  Infirmary  itself  nothing  is 
left  in  Durham,  nor  have  we  any  description  of  it  in  our  text.  The 
monastic  Infirmary,  generally  speaking,  resembled  the  nave  oi  a 
church,  with  side  aisles,  columns,  and  arches,  and  clerestory 
windows  above ;  to  the  east  was  the  chapel,  like  a  chancel  in 
situation,  but  having  a  real  chancel  of  its  own.  The  main  portions 
of  the  Infirmary  remain  at  Canterbury,  Ely,  Peterborough,  Glou- 
cester, and  elsewhere.  At  Durham  there  was  hardly  room  for  such 
buildings  as  those  were  ;  the  peculiarities  of  the  site  must  have 
required  an  Infirmaiy  somewhat  different  in  design,  and  it  pro- 
bably stood,  as  at  Fountains,  north  and  south,  with  the  chapel,  as 
well  as  the  master's  "  chamber,''  camera,  ov  house,  at  right  angles  to 
it.  Its  west  side  may  have  stood  on  the  ancient  retaining  ami 
supporting  walls  that  yet  remain  at  the  back  of  one  of  the  canons' 
houses.  On  the  master's  chamber,  see  the  next  note.  In  the 
Rolls,  see  Index  under  Infirmary,  will  be  found  a  great  deal  of 
information  connected  with  this  part  of  the  Abbey.  But  references 
to  pp.  199  258  in  the  Rolls  Index  belong  to  the  Infirmary  without 
the  gates. 
.v'  lynghouse\  In  Carter's  plan,  as  also  in  his  Plate  III,  is  well  shown  a 
Norman  building  running  east  and  west,  marked  B  and  described  as 
"  ancient  building,'  in  a  line  with  the  passage  between  the  great 
cellar  and  the  common  house  described  above,  p.  270.  It  is  also 
shown  in  an  old  painting  ;  see  above,  p.  266.  This  building  has  been 
greatly  altered  and  made  into  stables  ;  under  these  is  a  vaulted  room 
that  was  cleared  out  in  [890-95  ;  its  floor  is  23  feet  beneath  the 
present  level  of  the  ground.  It  is  24  feet  3  inches  long  from  east  to 
west,  14  ft.  5  in.  wide,  and  19  ft.  2  in.  high.  Entrance  was  obtained 
through  a  doorway  on  the  south  side  with  a  door  opening  outwards 
and  secured  by  a  wooden  bar  that  slipped  back  into  a  hole  in  the 
jamb.  The  doorway  leads  from  a  vaulted  passage  at  the  foot  of  a 
newel  staircase  descending  from  the  upper  storey,  now  stables,  but 
formerly,  no  doubt,  "  the  master  of  the  Fermeryes  chamber,' 
Carter's  "ancient  building,"  which  still  retains  a  round-headed 
window  in  its  west  gable.  It  may  safely  be  assumed  that  the  vaulted 
apartment  beneath,  which  is  provided  with  two  latrines  and  a  door 
closed  on  the  outside,  has  been  the  Lynghouse.  See  further  in 
Greenwell,  89,  note  2;  Rolls,  265,  271.  At  Ely  there  was  "camera 
in  Infirmaria  qua?  vocatur  Helle. "  Sacrist's  Roll]  i.,-'2  3,  in 
Stewart's  Ely  Cathedral ,  275. 


272  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

a  trap  Dour],  The  vaulting-  fell  in  (and  with  it  the  horses  of  Dr.  Wellesley, 
1  hen  Canon)  many  years  ago.  When  the  fallen  stones  were  taken 
Out  as  above  stated,  there  were  found  among'  them  three  which  had 
been  so  cut  that  they  might  have  formed  parts  of  a  square  opening  in 
the  vault,  one  showing  two  internal  angles  and  the  others  one  eaeh. 
And  in  the  Rolls,  p.  271,  we  find  mention  of  "ligatur'  pro  hostio 
vocato  trapdure  supra  lynghouse." 


XLVII,  p.  89 — 90. 

The gest  hall].  The  canon's  house  formerly  attached  to  the  third  stall,  and 
now  occupied  by  the  Professor  of  Divinity,  stands  on  the  site  of  the 
Guest-hall,  with  which  it  corresponds  very  nearly  in  length  and 
breadth.  These  dimensions  are  thus  given  in  Arundel  MS.  30,  at 
the  Coll.  of  Arms,  fo.  214  (13th  century),  "  Latitudo  aule  hospitu  ibid. 
Iv.  ped.  Longitudo  iiijxx  viij  ped."  It  retains  Norman  walls  north, 
south,  and  west,  with  round-headed  openings,  and  a  noble  cellar 
under  part  of  it,  in  a  vaulted  basement  with  nine  columns  and  round 
arches,  now  used  as  the  kitchen.  Hunter's  remark,  appended  to 
this  note,  does  not  imply  that  the  whole  of  the  substructure  was 
demolished,  nor,  perhaps,  that  all  the  chambers  were.  This  hall 
seems  to  answer  to  the  Cellarer's  hall  or  Guesten  hall  at  Canterbury, 
and  the  Terrer  and  Cellarer  at  Durham  appear  to  have  shared  the 
duties  that  fell  to  the  Cellarer  elsewhere  (see  ch.  xlix).  Yet  there 
was  a  Hostillar  as  well.  —  See  Rolls,  Index  under  Camera,  Guests, 
Guest-hall,  Hostillar. 
The  following  passage,  omitted  in  p.  105  of  Hunter's  editions,  is 
added  at  the  end,  after  p.  168  :  — "  The  Houses  belonging- to  the  Four 
following  Prebends,  viz.,  the  Second,  Third,  Fourth,  and  Tenth, 
enjoyed  by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Benson,  Mr.  Skckkr,  Mr.  Falle,  and  Dr. 
Sharp,  were  prepared  out  of  the  apartments  and  other  offices 
belonging  to  the  Guest's  Hall,  the  Hall  itself  being  wholly 
demolished,  nothing  thereof  remaining  except  a  Part  of  the  Western 
Wall  :  But  nothing  remains  to  let  us  know,  what  was  in  the  Sixth 
and  Twelfth  Prebendaries  Houses,  at  present  enjoy'd  by  the  Rev. 
Dr.  Watts,  and  Dr.  Ri'NDEL."  Much  more  than  the  west  wall  still 
remains  ;  see  note  above. 

pillers  supporting  yt\.  The  other  English  guest  halls,  of  which  we  have 
sufficient  knowledge  to  enable  us  to  speak  positively,  were  simple 
halls  without  pillars. 

The  chambers  &  lodginges].  Several  of  the  chambers  are  mentioned  by 
name  in  the  Rolls,  e.g.  in  pp.  147 — 149.  These  may  have  been  over 
the  great  hall,  or  else  beside  it  on  the  same  level.  There  is  a 
chamber  with  a  fine  oak  roof,  to  the  west,  which  may  well  have  been 
the  "  King's  Chamber.''  We  find  in  1416-46,  "  reparacio  camera? 
australis  Hostillariae,  vocatas  Camera  Regalis,"  and  "  factura 
Camerae  Regalis." — Scr.  Tres,  pp.  eclxxiv,  eclxxv. 

a  seller  apper/ayninge,  etc.|.  There  is  a  good  deal  of  cellarage  yet 
remaining  ;  see  note  above. 


NOTES   ON    THE   TEXT.  273 

there  needed  nogeist  haule].  The  Prior  had  his  own  great  ball  in  his  house, 
answering  in  its  uses  to  the  later  Priors  hall  at  Canterbury  called 
Mi-ist  onu-iN,  ihe  rlomors,  etc.,  which  succeeded  to  the  Nova  Camera 
Prions  of  Norman  times  ;  that  is  to  say  ii  served  for  the  more 
private  hospitalities  of  the  Prior,  as  distinct  from  those  of  the 
Convent.  See  Rolls,  Index  under  Trior,  and  Introduction,  p.  iii. 
Sometimes,  as  at  Worcester,  the  Trior's  great  hall  served  also  as 
the  Guesten  hall  of  the  Convent. 

the  Benevolence  therof].  In  the  Cosin  MS.  all  lias  boon  omit  led  in  the 
copying  from  these  words  to  "that  no  thinge  should  be  wantinge 
tor  any  stranger,"  etc.,  in  oh.  xux,  paragraph  on  Dane  Roger 
Watson,  but  that  ami  other  omitted  portions  are  addeil  at  the  end. 

two  porters}.  The  Hall  door  has  been  destroyed  or  concealed,  but  the 
Usher  door  remains  in  its  original  state.      See  above,  on  eh.  XXXVII. 

XLVIII,  pp.  91 — 92. 

i"'  childrine  of  v  aumerey].  There  was  a  question  whether  the  monastic 
Eleemosyna  "  possit  distribui  in  usus  Scholarium  proficere  volentium 
in  studio  Grammatics,  prout  fieri  solet  in  quibusdam  monasteriis,  in 
quibus  de  remanentibus  Monachorum  in  Eleemosynaria  exhibentur 
tales  Scholares  in  magno  numero  ?  "  The  conclusion  was,  "  videtur 
quod  non,  quia  tales  aliunde  laborando,  possunt  sibi  vitae  necessaria 
quaerere,  .  .  .  maxime  si  occasione  talium  suhstrahatur  Eleemosyna 
ab  egenis,  et  pauperibus  magis  indigentibus  qui  seipsos  relevare 
non  possunt." — Lyndewode,  Provinciate,  1679,  p.  209.  Notwith- 
standing this  adverse  judgment,  there  were  children  of  the  Almery 
not  only  at  Durham,  but  at  St.  Augustine's,  Canterbury,  and  no 
doubt  elsewhere. 
»ver ye  gatcs\.     Those  of  the  stable,  apparently,  under  the  stairhead.     See 

the  next  paragraph. 
Mr.  Steph  :  Marleys  lodginges],  Stephen  Marley,  B.D.,  was  one  of  the 
monks  who  were  made  prebendaries  on  the  new  foundation  in  1541. 
He  had  been  sub-prior,  and  when  the  Almery  was  abolished  its 
buildings  were  assigned  to  him.  Great  parts  of  the  original  walls 
remain,  but  it  has  been  much  altered  since  his  time,  and  served 
as  the  house  attached  to  the  sixth  stall  until  it  was  vacated 
under  the  Act  for  the  reconstitution  of  the  Chapter  in  1840,  since 
which  time  it  has  been  used  for  Chapter  offices. 
V  fcrmorv  chamber  ivtho-ivte  ye  Abbey  gatcs\.  Apparently  the  same  as  "the 
Farmery  without  the  South  gaits,"  mentioned  a  little  below,  and  the 
infirmaria  extra  portam  abbathue,  the  expenses  of  which  occur 
annually  in  the  Almoners'  Rolls. — See  Index  to  Rolls,  under  Infirmary, 
outer,  and  Infirmary,  reff.  199 — 258.  The  principal  gates  may  have 
been  called  the  South  gates  with  reference  to  the  North  gates  at 
the  end  of  the  Bailey.  The  Triors  appear  to  have  maintained  an 
Infirmitorium  seecularium  outside  the  gates,  with  its  own  chapel. 
No  traces  of  this  Farmery  or  of  its  chapel  are  known  to  exist. 
They  probably  occupied  the  site  where  are  now  the  stables  of  No.  1, 
South  Bailey,  and  where  an  old  road,  now  disused,  leads  down  to 

18 


274  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

the  river.  It  was  sometimes  called  the  Infirmary  "  between  the  two 
Baileys.'*  On  the  Cistercian  Lay  folks'  Infirmary  see  Yks.  Arch. 
/ml.,  XV,  393- 

Sr  Rob  :  Hartburne\.     Rector  of  Kimblesworth,  1526;  he  died  1543. 

Magdelens  chappell\.  The  ruins  stand  in  a  garden  a  little  to  the  north  of 
the  higher  part  of  Gilesgate.  For  its  history  see  Memorials  of  St. 
Giles's  (Surtees  Soc),  Intr.,  xxix  ;  Rolls,  Index  under  Magdalens, 
and  Intr.  to  Rolls,  xxxix. 

Kimblesworth  chappell\.  Kimblesworth  was  called  a  rectory.  The  church 
or  chapel  had  gone  to  decay  in  1593,  and  the  parish  has  long  been 
united  to  that  of  Witton  Gilbert  (Hutchinson,  II,  350).  It  is  about 
three  miles  north  of  Durham.  The  only  vestige  of  the  chapel  is  an 
Early  English  grave-cover,  quite  plain,  lying  by  a  hedge  near  the 
site,  which  is  under  the  plough,  in  "  Chapel  Field." 

the  Covie\.  See  above,  ch.  XXXIX,  note,  p.  258.  The  door  from  the  Frater, 
blocked  up,  the  great  kitchen  window,  mutilated  and  blocked  up,  and 
the  window  or  square  opening  where  the  children  received  their 
meat  and  drink,  are  all  to  be  seen  in  the  Covey  or  vaulted  pantry 
under  the  Loft.  There  are  many  references  to  it  and  to  the  Clerk  of 
the  Covey  (Covent,  p.  91)  in  the  Rolls,  see  the  Index  under  Cova. 

the  farmery  wthouf  yf  south  gaites\.  See  note,  p.  273.  The  four  aged 
women  would  probably  in  many  cases  be  relatives  of  the  monks, 
persons  who  might  well  be  considered  to  have  a  special  claim  on  the 
hospitality  of  any  monaster)-. 

ye  releefe].  "  The  remains  of  a  meal  gathered  together  to  be  bestowed  as 
alms." — Liber  Evesham.,  H.  Bradshaw  Soc,  p.  178.  "  Cumque 
omnes  comederint  ;  percutiat  ter  mensam  cum  cultello  et  colligatur 
releuium." — lb.,  col.  17. 

to  save  tnessc  to].  An  improper  expression,  but  probably  one  which  was 
current.  Some  people  would  now  speak  of  reading  the  prayers  "to" 
three  or  four  old  women. 

XLVIII  (A),  pp.  92—93. 

a  stately  Fabrick],      See   Carter,    PI.    iv,    v  ;  Billings,   passim  ;    Greenwell, 

pp.  81,  82. 
the  East  Front  of  the  Aline  Altars],     See  the  old   view,  showing  the  statues, 

in  Durham  and  North umb.  Arch.  Trans.,  V ,  PI.  vii,  and  p.  36,  and  the 

two  plates  in  Hutchinson,  II,  at  p.  224. 

XLIX,  pp.  93-98. 

Thes  Beynge,  etc.].  In  Hunter's  edition,  1733,  and  the  reprint,  1743, 
p.  116  ff.,  these  paragraphs  on  the  officers  come  after  all  the  rest, 
and  are  preceded  by  the  chapter  on  "  The  Steeple  "  here  printed, 
which  is  not  in  the  MSS.  nor  in  Davies,  but  is  in  Sanderson,  1767, 
p.  89. 

Mounckes  and  officers].  We  here  have  notices  of  the  Obedientiaries  or 
monks  holding  offices  and  having  each  his  own  separate  chamber. 
The  Officers  or  Obedientiaries  in  a  Benedictine  monastery  were  not 
all  the  same  everywhere,  and  their  number  increased  with  division  of 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  275 

labour  as  time  wont  on.  Besides  monks  and  novices,  who  wore  not 
officers,  the  Rule  of  St.  Benedict  (c.  A.D.  540)  mentions  only  the 
Abbot,  the  Praepositus,  Provost,  or  Prior,  Deans,  Priests  (monks  then 
being  commonly  laymen),  the  Cellarer,  and  the  Porter.  The  monks 
then  took  their  turns  as  weekly  servers  in  the  kitchen  and  weekly 
readers,  and  some  were  artificers.  Lanfranc  [c.  \.n.  1073)  gives 
minute  particulars  as  to  the  duties  of  the  Abbot,  the  Major  Prior,  the 
Cloister  or  deputy  Prior,  the  Circumit ores  or  Circae,  the  Cantor,  the 
Secret ari us  ov  Sacrist,  the  Chamberlain,  the  Cellarer,  the  Guest- 
master,  the  Almoner,  and  the  Infirmarer.  For  the  officers  and 
servants  at  Worcester  in  later  times,  see  Noako's  Worcester,  242  ff.  ; 
at  Winchester,  Kitchin's  Compotus  Rolls,  Hants  Record  Soc,  Introd., 
3]  -33,  No  doubt,  as  a  rule,  the  more  capable  and  energetic  of  the 
monks  found  their  way  into  the  Obedientiary  Offices  by  a  process 
akin  to  "  natural  selection.''  Each  of  the  principal  officers,  in  later 
times  at  least,  had  definite  estates,  charges  on  churches,  or  other 
sources  of  income,  assigned  to  his  office,  for  which  he  was 
responsible  at  the  audit  to  the  Abbot  (or  Prior)  and  Convent.  And 
each  had  to  produce  to  the  Bursar  his  own  account-rolls,  many  of 
which  have  survived,  and  of  these  some  have  been  printed,  as  by  the 
Surtees  and  other  societies.  Some  at  least  of  the  officers  were 
excused  some  of  their  personal  attendance  in  the  church,  and  had 
vicars  assigned  to  perform  their  duties  in  choir  and  at  the  altars. — 
See  Rolls,  Index  under  Obedientiaries,  Officers,  Officiarii,  Vicar. 

Dane  Stephen  Merle  v  ye  Supprior,  etc.].  See  note  on  him,  p.  273  ; 
also  Hutchinson,  II,  190  ;  and  on  the  Sub-prior,  ch.  xliv.  "  Dane  " 
or  "  Dan  "  was  the  English  form  of  the  title  dominus,  used  especially 
in  speaking  of  or  to  members  of  religious  orders,  but  also  in  the  case 
of  others. 

maister  of  the  fratere].  The  "  Refectorarius  "  or  fraterer. — See  Index  to 
Rolls,  s.v. 

to  goe  every  nyghte  ,  etc.].     Sec  note  on  "  a  privy  serche,"  ch.  xliii. 

the  faroden  yettes}.     See  below,  under  Roger  Wryght,  ch.  L. 

Dane  William  Watsonn],  First  prebendarv  of  the  twelfth  stall.  Before 
the  Dissolution  he  appears  to  have  been  both  Vice-prior  and  Prior's 
chaplain  (see  pp.  94,  101).  Possibly,  however,  there  were  two 
persons  of  the  same  name. 

mr  &  kepper  of ' y  /ereli/re].  Raine  gives  a  dated  list  of  shrine-keepers  and 
of  their  consocii,  beginning  with  Elf  red  Westoue,  1022.  From  1378 
to  1513  the  accounts  are  fairly  complete  ;  see  St.  Cul/iberl,  113 — 168. 
Rolls  have  since  been  found  extending  the  series  from  1370  to  1538. 
— Rolls,  420 — 483. 

and  <!eece  Prior].  "  Deice  "  and  "  deace  "  below.  This  officer  is  men- 
tioned next  after  the  Sub-prior,  and  appears  to  have  been  what  was 
commonly  called  the  Third  Prior.  From  his  being  called  the  "  deece 
prior"  in  Durham  wo  may  suppose  that,  being  also  Prior's  Chaplain, 
as  appears  below,  he  usually  took  his  dinner  and  supper  at  the  high 
table  on  I  lie  dais  in  the  Prior's  Hall,  and  "sat  as  chief"  when  the 
Prior  was  absent,  as  the  Sub-Prior  did  in  the  Loft. 


276  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

his  chamber  was  in  the  Dorter}.  That  is,  as  Master  of  the  Feretory,  but  as 
Prior's  chaplain  his  chamber  was  next  to  that  of  the  Prior. 

ye  holy  sacrede  shrine].     See  ch.  11  ;    Rolls,  Index  under  Shrine. 

clarke  of 'ye  fereture\.     See  Rolls,  Index  under  Shrine,  clerk  of. 

in  i"'  mattenes  iy>ne\.  "  Te  Deuni "  was  sung  at  the  end  of  Mattins  on 
Sundays  and  Festivals  except  in  Advent  and  from  Septuagesima  to 
Easter.  Lauds  then  followed  immediately  after,  and  with  Mattins 
practically  formed  one  service. 

hie  wess  lyme\.  The  Missa  alta  or  Missa  magna,  sung  with  music  and 
much  more  elaborate  ritual  than  that  of  an  ordinary  mass,  which 
was  called  missa  privata  or  missa  bassa.  On  Low  Mass  and  High 
Mass  from  the  eleventh  to  the  sixteenth  century,  see  Pearson,  The 
Sar/tm  Missal,  Lond.,  1884,  lviij — lxix. 

evinsong  tyme\.      Evensong  is  the  English  name  for  the  Office  of  Vespers. 

&f  dyd  offer  any  thing].  All  who  visited  the  shrine  would  make  at  least 
some  small  offering  in  money.  This  was  dropped  into  a  box  secured 
by  two  locks,  one  key  being  kept  by  the  Shrine-keeper  and  the  other 
by  his  colleague.  The  sums  received  in  69  years  from  1378-9  to 
1488-9  are  stated  in  Raine,  St.  Ciithb. ,  115,  116.  The  roll  of  1513-14, 
the  latest  known  to  Dr.  Raine,  has  never  been  completed,  hence  the 
"  blank  "  on  which  he  builds  the  inference  that  offerings  had  ceased. 
We  find  in  1525-6,  11/.  75.  2d.  ;  in  1536-7,  7/.  105.  $d.  ;  and  in  1537-8, 
4/.  -js.  s)4d.  See  Feretrars'  Rolls,  Rolls,  420 — 483.  In  earlier 
times  the  money  offerings  were  laid  on  the  tomb,  so  that  a  certain 
thief  "  feyned  als  he  the  toumbe  walde  kys "  and  "  clekyd  vp  in 
mouthe  hys  Penys  four  or  fvue. — Melr.  Life,  6344-6,  from  Symeon, 
III,  13. 

gould,  sylver,  or  Jewels].  For  some  of  these,  presented  by  Robert  Rodes, 
of  Newcastle,  in  1446-7,  and  hung  on  the  shrine,  see  Rolls,  p.  440. 
For  others,  the  Status,  p.  450.  In  the  Feretrars  Roll  of  1501-2  we 
find  2s.  8d.  "  pro  xiv  tenturhukis  factis  ex  argento  pro  fixura 
annulorum  super  feretrum,"  p.  480. 

hoin/ge  on  ye  shrine].  See  the  last  note.  The  making  of  hooks  for  the 
shrine  in  1398-1401  is  mentioned  in  Rolls,  446,  448. 

vnicorne  home,  Eliphant  Tooth,  etc.].  Such  natural  curiosities,  then  more 
rarely  seen  in  England  than  now,  were  highly  prized,  and  exhibited 
together  with  the  relics.  "  Unicorn's  horn  "  was  probably  the  tusk 
of  the  narwhal  or  sea-unicorn,  Monodon  Monoceros.  In  the  relic-list 
of  1383  we  find  not  only  "  quatuor  particular  de  ebore  longse  et 
curvatse,"  but  several  "  ova  griffina,"  probably  ostriches'  eggs,  or 
perhaps  coco  nuts. — Rolls,  427 — 434.  Also  "  duo  ungues  griffonis," 
426.  One  of  these  appears  to  have  been  the  horn  of  an  ibex,  four 
feet  long,  and  to  have  found  its  way  to  the  British  Museum.  See 
Rolls,  Introduction,  p.  xx.  The  tusks  of  the  walrus,  Trichecus 
Rosmarns,  would  also  find  their  way  into  these  collections. 

many  goodly  Reliquies].  See  the  Liber  de  Rehquiis,  1383,  printed  in  Rolls, 
425 — 440,  and  in  Smith's  Bede,  1722,  Appendix,  740 — 745,  but 
wrongly  dated  1372.  For  two  earlier  lists  than  this,  see  Set:  7'res, 
p.  ccccxxvi,  and  note. 


NOTES    ON    THE   TEXT.  -'77 

Regester  of  the  house].     The  Register!)  oi  the  Prior  and  Convenl  remain  in 

the  custody  of  the  Treasurer  of  the  Chapter,  in  very  good  order. 
S*nct  Cuthbertes  Banner],      See  above,   ch.  XV,  p.  23,  and  notes,   p.  214  ; 

Roils,  Index  under  Cuthbert,  St.,  banner  of. 
ally*  Pippes  of  it].      The   stiver   pipes  ami  cross  are  mentioned   in   the 

Feretrars'  Inventories.     Rolls,  Index  under  Pipes,  Cross. 
sleaven  on],      Sleaue  on,   Cos,  ;   sliven  on,   L,  ;    sliuen  on,  C.  ;    sliven  on, 

Dav.,   II.  ;  sliden  on,   Sanderson.     That  is,   slipped  on.      See  Skeal, 

s.w.  Sleeve,  Slip.      The  shafts  of  the  large   maces  of  our  municipal 

corporations  are  still  made  of  similar  pipes  of  metal   slipped   upon  a 

wooden  shaft. 
ye  wynyng  of  Branches  feilde],      Brankes  Hill,   by   Flodden   Field. — Rolls, 

663.     There  is  an  interesting  entry  about  the  battle  and  the  banner 

on  that  page. 
the  kinge  ofScotfes  Banner].     See  above,  ch.  11,  p.  6. 
at  manye  other  places  besydes].       See    Rolls,    Index    under    Cuthbert,    St., 

banner  of. 
~,i'tl>  his  surplice  <>n\.     See  Rolls,  454,  462. 
a  strong  girdle].     This  girdle  (singulum  — cingulum)  is  mentioned  in  Rolls, 

448. 
a  sochet  of  home].     It  is  not  easy  to  understand  from  the  description  how 

this  socket  was  fixed  ;  sockets  are  now  used  in  the  same  sort  of  way 

for  heavy  banners.     There  was  a  payment  of  lod.  "  in  emendacione 

cuppe  pro  vexillo  beati  Cuthberti." — Rolls,  458. 

S'ule  Beedes  shrine].     See  above,  ch.  XXII,  p.  44. 

///c  Revestrie],     See  note  on  the  Vestrye,  ch.  XII,  p.  211. 

vj novices].     See  ch.  xxxix,  p.  82,  and  ch.  xliii,  p.  85. 

Cowles,  froches,  etc.].  A  very  interesting  inventory  of  novices'  clothes,  etc., 
including  "  j  pokett  pro  vestibus  lavandis,"  is  printed  from  Lambeth 
.MSS.,  Xo.  448,  to.  106,  in  D.  J.  Stewart's  work  on  Ely  Cathedral, 
1868,  p.  231  ;  also  in  Ethelred  Taunton's  English  Black  Monks, 
1897,  I,  71//.,  72  ;  for  their  outfits  at  Durham,  see  Rolls,  190,  and  at 
Canterbury,  Customary,  II.  Bradshaw  Soc,  1902,  Vol.  I,  p.  400. 

goynge  daly  to  there  bookes].  And  sometimes,  no  doubt,  to  lighter  occupa- 
tions. .Mr.  Micklethwaite  directed  attention  in  1873  to  some  sets  of 
"  nine-holes  "  cut  in  the  stone  bench  in  the  part  of  the  cloister  that 
was  occupied  by  the  novices  at  Westminster,  and  they  have  since 
been  found  on  the  benches  of  the  Benedictine  cloisters  of  Canterbury 
and  Norwich,  and  of  the  secular  cloister  of  Chichester,  as  well  as  in 
other  places.  See  his  illustrated  paper  on  the  indoor  games  of 
school  boys  in  the  Middle  Ages.  —  Arch.  Inst.  Journal,  XLIX, 
319  ;  see  also  XXXIII,  20.  At  Durham  the  cloister  benches  have  all 
disappeared,  and  with  them,  very  likely,  some  sets  of  "  nine-holes," 

ov   perhaps   marks   for  the  game   of    fox    and    gees,.',    which   exist   at 
Gloucester  and  Salisbury. 
he  was  sent  to  oxfbrde].    Namely,  to  Durham  College,  first  founded  by  Prior 
Richard  de  Hot  on  about   1290,  but  provided  with  a  separate  endow- 
menl  and  a  constitution  by  Bishop  I  [atfield  ( 13  (.5  8a).    I'  was  dissolved 


2jS  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

in  154I1  and  granted  to  the  new  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Durham,  but 
became  a  hall  in  the  University  for  about  sixteen  years,  in  which 
time  going  to  ruin  it  was  repaired  and  endowed  by  Sir  Thomas  Pope 
as  Trinity  College,  where  some  of  the  old  buildings  remain,  with 
Durham  heraldry  in  their  windows.  See  further  in  Wood,  Antiq.  0/ 
Oxford  (Oxf.  Hist.  Soc),  II,  263;  Collectanea,  third  Ser.  (lb.),  1 — 76, 
with  facsimile  of  Loggan's  view,  showing  the  old  buildings  ;  Rolls, 
passim,  see  Index,  under  Oxford.  The  Benedictine  houses  of 
Canterbury  and  Gloucester  also  had  Colleges  in  Oxford  belonging 
to  them. 

they  dyd  syng  there  first  messe].  Always  regarded  as  a  principal  and 
epoch-making  event  in  the  life  of  any  priest.  In  the  Cistercian 
Statutes  of  1256-7,  Dist.,  II,  4,  we  find  "  Sacerdotes  noviter  ordinati 
primas  missas  non  nisi  privatim  cantant."  A  novice  never  handled 
any  money  until  he  said  his  first  mass,  but  on  that  occasion  he 
received  6s.  8d.  —Rolls,  Index,  under  Masses,  first. 

Maister  Sagersten].  Mr.  Sacristan,  Sacrist,  or  Sexton,  called  Secretarlus 
in  Lanfranc. 

The  Sextcns  checker].  Mentioned  above,  ch.  XI,  p.  18.  It  was  built  by 
Prior  Wessington  between  1416  and  1446,  at  a  cost  of  £,60. — Scr. 
Tres,  p.  eclxxii.  The  pointed  doorway  that  led  into  it  from  the  north 
choir  aisle  is  visible  within  the  church,  but  has  been  effaced  outside. 
The  bench-table  of  the  middle  arch  in  the  outer  arcade  on  the  east 
side  of  the  north  transept  is  cut  away  for  the  north  wall  of  the 
checker,  and  on  the  north  wall  of  the  choir-aisle  is  an  upright  groove, 
as  if  there  had  been  a  wooden  partition.  The  dimensions  of  the 
Sexton's  checker  were  probably  similar  to  those  of  the  Vestry  on  the 
south  side  of  the  quire,  p.  211. 

■mth  in  the  church  in  ye  north  alley].  These  words  apply  in  strictness  only 
to  the  doorway,  not  to  the  checker  itself. 

but  sc nee  ill  is  pulled  downe,  etc.].  This  later  addition  refers  to  the  visit 
of  Charles  I  in  1633,  when  he  addressed  a  letter  to  the  Chapter 
directing  them  to  remove  "  cerlaine  meane  tenements  "  built  against 
the  walls  of  the  Church  or  Quire,  as  soon  as  the  leases  were  run  out. 
— Cosin's  Correspondence,  etc.,  Surtees  Soc,  I,  212 — 217.  Whether  the 
royal  mandate  was  meant  to  affect  the  Sacrist's  checker  does  not 
appear,  but  it  was  pulled  down  in  1633  or  1634  according  to  the 
Gough  MS.,  above,  p.  164. 

V  songe  scoole  made  In  ye  Cloisters].  It  occupied,  until  recently,  two  com- 
partments of  the  undercroft  of  the  Great  Dormitory,  adjoining  the 
south  side  of  the  Treasury.     See  above,  p.  264. 

Mr  Green].  Probably  James  Green,  who  appears  in  the  Treasurer's  books 
as  Minor  Canon  and  Sacrist,  1663-7. 

to  provyde  bread].  Lanfranc  gives  minute  directions  for  the  making  of  the 
altar-bread  by  the  secretarius  or  sacristan. — Wilkins,  I,  349.  These 
are  repeated,  with  additions,  in  the  Consuetudinary  of  Abbot  Ware, 
caii.  vi. — Cotton  MS.  Otho,  c.  xi,  fo.  34,  and  that  of  St.  Augustine's, 
Canterbury,  H.  Bradshaw  Soc,  1902,  p.  1  19.  Only  the  very  finest 
wheal   flour  was  used,  and  the  utmost  care  was  observed  in  order  to 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  279 

ensure  purity  and  cleanliness.  "Frater  qui  ferra  in  quibus  coquuntur 
tenet  manus  chirotheci.s  babeat  involutas."  And  while  the  "  hostise  " 
are  being  made  and  baked,  the  brethren  employed  are  to  say  the 
regular  hours,  with  those-  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  the  penitential 
psalms,  and  the  Litany.  The  servants  assisting  are  to  recite  psalms. 
On  the  fire-place  in  the  south  transept,  see  note  on  ch.  xvi,  p.  218, 
Proa  Soc.  Ant.  Lond.,  Dec.  18,  1902,  and  Rolls,  Index  under  Altar- 
breads,  Hosts,  Obleys,  Obley-irons,  Wheat. 

seggersten  hewgh\  Called  on  the  spot  "  Seggerston  hyuff,"  and  in  the  rolls 
Clivus  Sacristee,  le  Hough,  le  Hogh,  le  How,  etc.,  he  ugh  in  the  north 
being  a  level  space  at  the  top  of  a  steep  declivity,  and  to  be  dis- 
tinguished From  haugh,  a  flat  between  rising-  ground  and  a  river, 
liable  to  be  overflowed.  See  Rolls,  Index  under  Sacristonheugh,  for 
much  information  concerning  the  Sacrist's  establishment  there. 

St  Margarettes  waird],  St.  .Margarets  Ward,  L.,  C.  ;  St.  Margarets  wood, 
H.  45  ;  St.  Mary's  Cubard,  Cos.  ;  St.  Mary's  Cupboard  (over  an 
erasure),  H.  44,  and  all  the  printed  editions.  Nothing  has  been 
found  in  the  Sacrists'  Rolls  to  throw  any  light  on  this  matter. 

leathering].  Providing  with  new  baudericks  when  the  old  ones  were  worn 
out.  Ow  the  old  method  of  hanging  the  clappers  by  bauderick  and 
busk-board,  retained  and  in  use  in  Devonshire  in  many  cases  in 
1872,  see  H.  T.  Ellacombe,  Church  Bells  of  Devon ,  17.  The  bauderick 
was  a  stout  thong  of  whitleather,  i.e.  horse  hide  prepared  without 
tan.  See  Rolls,  Index  under  Bawdricks,  Bell,  Bells,  etc.,  Whit- 
leather. 

y  aumbrie  .  .  .  standing  ze11'  in  ye  north  quer  dour\.  It  probably  stood, 
like  the  great  relic  aumbry  at  Canterbury,  opposite  to  the  throne  in 
the  quire. 

Allso  !"■'  reent  to  y  chapter  house,  etc.].  The  reference  is  to  the  daily 
meeting  of  the  whole  Convent  in  the  Chapter-house  alter  Prime  in 
summer  and  after  Terce  in  winter.  Then  took  place  ( 1 )  A  reading 
from  the  Mart yrology  of  the  day,  with  suitable  versicle,  collect,  etc.  ; 
(21  The  reading  of  the  local  Necrology  or  list  of  names  of  the 
faithful  departed  benefactors,  bishops,  and  other  friends,  with 
prayers  for  them  ;  (3)  The  distribution  of  work  to  eiich  monk,  with 
versicles,  collect,  etc.  ;  (4)  The  reading  of  a  chapter  in  the  Ride  ot 
the  Order,  with  an  exposition  or  sermon  upon  the  portion  read  ; 
(5)  Self-accusation,  the  denouncing  of  notorious  offenders,  and 
penance.  In  minor  details  the  usages  varied  in  different  orders, 
places,  and  limes.  See  Martene,  A/on.  Rit.,  lib.  I,  cap.  v;  Gran- 
colas,  Brcv.  Ron.,  lib.  I,  cap.  xxxvi  ;  Liber  Eves/iamensis,  H. 
Bradshaw  Soc,  col.  10. 

alwaies  at y*  heighe  alter].  This  was  the  custom  in  many  churches,  but  not 
in  all. —  Wordsw.y  i\. 

his  Memento].  The  portion  of  the  Canon  of  the  Mass  beginning 
"  Memento,  Domine,  famulorum  famularumque  luarum,"  at  which 
period  in  the  service  in  ancient  times  the  Dtptychs,  or  lists  of  saints 
and  others  10  be  prayed  for,  were  recited  ;  hence  the  Memento  was 
called  Orotic  super  Diptycha.  See  references  in  W.  Maskall,  Ancient 
Liturgy,   1X41.,  p.  84**.,  and  Bona,  Rerum  Liturg.,  lib.  II,  cap.  xiv. 


280  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

the  one  halfe  .  .  .  did  say  masse].  That  is,  each  said  his  private  mass 
while  not  assisting  at  the  Chapter  mass  or  High  mass. 

i"-  high  mess  tyme\.  Probably  about  10  a.m.,  the  Chapter  mass  having 
been  sung  at  nine. 

/Iter  duble  furnitures].     So  in  the  case  of  the  High  Altar,  ch.  Ill,  p.  9. 

L,   pp.   99 — 102. 

Dane  Robert  Bennett].  After  the  Dissolution  he  became  first  prebendary  of 
the  nth  stall,  May  12th,  1541.  His  mother  was  a  sister  in  the 
Hospital  of  St.  Mary  Magdalene,  Durham,  in  1532  and  1534. — 
Memorials  of  St.  Giles's  (Surtees  Soc),  245,  246.  His  account-book 
from  1530  to  1534  is  printed  in  Vol.  18  of  the  Surtees  series,  and  there 
are  Bursars'  rolls  of  his  predecessors  and  himself  for  many  years 
from  1278  to  1541. — Rolls,  484 — 707.  On  the  title  "  Dane  "  (dominus) 
see  p.  93«.,  and  N.  E.  D. 

The  Bowcers  checker].  There  is  a  small  blocked  doorway  just  on  the  left  as 
we  enter  the  passage  from  the  College  to  the  Cloisters  ;  this  seems 
to  have  been  the  entrance  to  the  Bursar's  Office. 

cole  garth].  The  coal-yard.  The  coal  house  is  frequently  mentioned  in 
Rolls  ;  see  Index,  s.v. 

all  other  .  .  .  mayde  there  accoumptes  to  him].  See  above,  on  the  Obedien- 
tiaries, p.  274. 

ye  Cellerer  of  the  house].  The  Cellarer  is  one  of  the  officers  mentioned  in 
the  Rule  of  St.  Benedict,  and  was  always  an  important  person  in  the 
management  of  a  monastery,  though  in  some  places  his  duties  were 
more  extended  than  they  seem  to  have  been  in  Durham.  It  is  to  be 
noted  that  the  word  cellar  (Lat.  cellarium,  set  of  cells)  originally 
meant  a  storehouse  or  storeroom,  whether  above  or  below  ground. 
The  monastic  cellarium  was  usually  in  more  or  less  of  the  vaulting 
under  the  western  range  of  the  cloister.  For  Durham,  see  note  on 
the  Great  Cellar,  ch.  XXXIX,  p.  259.  At  Canterbury  the  "  Cellarer's 
domain  "  was  very  extensive,  and  included  not  only  the  usual 
Cellarium,  but  Prior  Chillenden's  Guest-chambers,  and  the  Cellarer's 
Hall  or  Guest-hall.  While  the  "North  Hall"  was  used  for  the 
lodging  of  the  lowest  class  of  pilgrims,  that  also  would  probably  be 
included.  See  R.  Willis,  ch.  vi,  and  ch.  vii,  3.  There  is  a  good  deal 
about  the  Cellarer  in  Lanfranc  ;  he  is  to  be  "pater  tolius  con- 
gregationis,"  to  look  after  the  sick  as  well  as  the  whole,  and,  on  the 
day  when  the  sentence  of  the  Rule  which  relates  to  him  is  read  in 
Chapter,  he,  having  been  warned  beforehand  by  the  Precentor,  is  to 
make  a  feast  for  the  brethren  in  the  frater,  preceded  by  an  act  of 
reparation  for  his  own  shortcomings,  while  all  are  in  Chapter. 

The  Cellerers  checker].  William  Todd,  D.  D.,  was  the  first  prebendary  of  the 
fifth  stall,  and  the  Cellarer's  checker,  assigned  to  him  as  a  prebendal 
residence,  must  have  been  over  two  apartments  shown  in  Carter's 
plan  as  being  on  the  west  side  of  the  kitchen,  and  each  covered  in  by 
a  waggon-vault  running  east  and  west.  Some  part  of  the  Cellarer's 
stores  may  have  been  kept  in  these.  These  buildings  were  swept 
away  in  1849,  but  the  roof-mark  of  the  chamber  over  them,  and  other 
indications,  may  still  be  discerned. 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  28 1 

</  longe greece  .  .  .  ouer ye  fawlden  yeattes].  This  greece  or  Bight  of  steps 
must  have  run  east  and  west  and  have  been  carried  over  the  folding 
gates  by  an  archway  ;  it  cannot  have  run  north  and  south,  as  did 
the  later  stairs  shown  in  Carter's  plan.  The  gates  would  lead  from 
the  Curia  (now  the  College)  in  the  direction  of  the  bowling-green, 
and  were  probably  situated  at  the  south-west  corner  of  the 
Dormitory,  whence  a  road  led  northward  by  the  side  of  the  same 
and  under  the  bridge  between  it  and  the  upper  storey  of  the  Rere- 
dorter,  shown  in  Carter's  plan. 

His  office  was,  etc.].     All  this  is  amply  borne  out  by  the  extant  Cellarers' 

Rolls,  many  of  which,  of  dates  between  1306  and  1535,  have  survived. 
Copious  extracts  from  them  are  printed  in  Rolls,  1  —  112. 

Dane  Roger   Watson\.      First    Prebendary  in  the  second  stall,   May   nth, 

>54'- 
ye  Terrerof ye  house],     "  The  Terrer  "  does  not  appear  to  be  mentioned  by 

this  name  in  connexion  with  other  English  monasteries,  but  Dn 
Cange  gives  some  quotations  under  Terrarius  and  Terrerius.  lie 
was  properly  and  originally  an  officer  in  charge  of  the  lands,  but  in 
Durham  the  Bursar  and  the  Keeper  of  the  Garners  received  the 
rents  and  corn,  while  the  Terrer  and  Hostillar  together  discharged 
the  duties  of  Guest-master.  The  Tenet's  Checker  or  office  cannot 
now  be  identified.  There  are  Terrers'  Rolls  between  1400  and  1512. 
— Rolls,  299 — 308. 

ye geste  chambers].  We  have  a  full  account  of  the  names  and  furniture  of 
these  chambers  in  an  inventory  dated  June  8,  1454.  The  chambers 
named  are,  the  king's  chamber,  the  knights'  chamber,  Barry,  the 
water  chamber,  the  new  chamber,  and  the  clerks'  chamber,  besides 
the  summer  hall  and  the  winter  hall.     See  Rolls,  Introduction,  xxxii. 

two  hogshedes  of  wyne].  These  were  probably  kept  in  the  cellarage  now 
used  as  the  kitchen  of  the  house  formerly  assigned  to  the  third  stall. 
Among  other  expenses  in  the  Ilostillar's  Roll  of  15J8  g  we  find 
mention  of  ten  hogsheads  of  reel  wine  at  30s.  and  35s.,  as  well  as 
"  in  vino  Malwasel  et  claret  empt.  in  villa  diversis  vicibus  pro 
Justiciar'  d'ni  Regis,  d'no  Episcopo,  et  aliis  extraneis  et  hospitibus," 
20s.  In  1523  4,  "  in  vino  empto  .  .  pro  multitudine  adveniencium 
tempore  gwerrae." — Rolls,  102,  161. 

prove  inter  for  tln-rc  horses].  It  is  not  known  where  the  stables  were,  or 
where  the  hay  was  stored.  The  Hostillars'  rolls  regularly  mention 
expenses  of  "  falcacio  et  lucracio  feni  "  at  various  places  in  the 
neighbourhood,  as  well  as  for  oats,  pease  and  beans  for  pnebenda  or 
provender  for  horses. — Rolls,  113 — 164. 

ye  kepper  <>J  lite  Garneres],  A  necessary  officer  in  every  monastery,  but 
not  often  mentioned.      See  Rolls,  Introduction,  I'm. 

.I/*-  Pilkingtons  haule  doures],  Leonard  Pilkington,  D.D.,  fourth  pre- 
bendary of  the  seventh  stall  (1567  92),  is  said  to  have  rebuilt  the 
Granary,    which    had     been     made    into    a    dwelling    house    by     Rob. 

Dalton,    B.D.,   the   first   prebendary   (1341  00).       Hut    the   original 

substructure  remains. 


282  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

.]/>■  Bunnies  house],  Francis  Bunney,  A.M.,  was  the  fifth  prebendary  of  the 
eighth  stall  (1572-1617). 

His  office  was,  etc.  J.     So  at  Worcester,  the   Granetarius  received  grain   for 

flour  and   malt    and    kept  account  thereof.  —  Noake,    Worcester,   258. 

There  are  Rotuli  Gr ana  torts  at   Durham   of  various  dates   between 
i-95  and  '  534- 
where  nf  Beiuiettes  lodging  was].      Robert  Bennett,  first  prebendary  of  the 

eleventh  stall  (1541-58),   having   been    previously  monk  and   bursar; 

see  above,  p.  280.     The  precise  site  of  the  maltkiln  is  unknown. 

Dane  Thomas  Sparke].  First  prebendary  of  the  third  stall  (1541-7:).  As 
he  was  consecrated  bishop  suffragan  of  Berwick  in  1537,  that  he 
might  exercise  chorepiscopal  authority  through  the  whole  diocese  of 
Durham,  he  probably  had  a  deputy  to  attend  to  the  humbler 
functions  of  the  Chamberlain  of  the  Abbey.  See  above,  p.  224. 
There  was  a  regular  allowance  "  pro  duabus  tunicis  furrur'  empt. 
pro  camerario  et  ejus  socio,  20s.  ;  eidem  camerario  pro  botis, 
6s.  8d."--Rolls,  197  ;  see  Index  under  Tunics,  furred. 

ye  CIiambcrlayne\.  The  Chamberlain  (camera  riits)  is  not  mentioned  in  the 
Rule  o(  St.  Benedict,  but  has  an  important  place  in  Lanfranc  and  in 
all  accounts  of  monastic  officers.  He  always  looked  after  bedding 
and  clothes,  sometimes  also  after  other  matters  ;  thus  at  Worcester 
he  managed  the  horse-shoeing,  and  lighted  and  put  out  the  lamps  in 
the  dormitory.  Lanfranc  directs  that  he  shall  supply  horse-shoes 
for  the  abbot,  prior,  and  guests.  The  rolls  mention  "  ferrura 
equorum  et  mariscalcia,"  provender,  summer  pasturage,  harness, 
etc.,  of  horses. — Rolls,  165 — 198. 

The  chambcrlaynes  checker].  This  was  over  the  tailor's  work-room,  some- 
where about  the  site  now  occupied  by  the  first  house  ow  the  right 
after  passing  through  the  great  gateway.  There  are  many 
Chamberlains'  Rolls  between  1333  and  1532,  in  which,  under 
"  Empcio  pannorum,"  occur  the  annual  purchases  of  large  quan- 
tities of  different  sorts  of  cloth,  white  and  black  thread,  cost  of 
sewing  (perhaps  put  out),  etc. — Rolls,  165 — 198. 

Mr  Swifte\.  Robert  Swyft,  LL.D.,  was  third  prebendary  of  the  first  stall, 
1562— c.  1599. 

slammyne,  otherivaies  called  lyncye  wonncye].  Slamine  is  from  the  old 
French  estamine,  late  Lat.  staminea  from  stamen,  warp,  thread,  used 
of  woollen  cloth  for  monastic  garments  (Dti  Cange,  s. v.  Staminea,  etc.), 
or,  as  here,  of  linsey  woolsey,  cloth  of  linen  and  wool  in  combination, 
used  for  sheets  and  shirts.  The  term  was  also  applied  to  a  shirt 
made  of  this  material. 

they  dyd  neuer  weare  any  lynynge].  It  was  said  that  St.  Etheldreda  from 
the  time  that  she  came  to  Ely  would  never  use  linen,  but  only  woollen 
garments.  Bede,  Eccl.  Hist.,  lib.  IV,  cap.  xvii  (xix).  This  was  "a 
recognised  feature  of  the  ascetic  life."  See  Plummer's  note  in  his 
edition  of  Bede,  vol.  II,  p.  237,  and  references  there  given.  At  a  visi- 
tation  of  Tavistock  Abbey  in  1373  the  monks  were  strictly  inhibited 
by  Bishop  Brantyngfham  lest  any  should  use  "  lintheaminibus  vel 
camisiis  lineis." — Reg.  Brantyngham,  Pt.  I,  ed.  Hingeston- Randolph, 


NOTES    ON    THE    TEXT.  283 

312,  Linen  would  be  more  costly,  and  though)  too  luxurious,  and 
would  want  washing  oftener  than  linsey  woolsey.  The  Rule 
prescribes  that  the  monks  clothes  shall  be  such  as  can  be  found  in 
the  country  where  they  live,  o\-  what  can  be  bought  ai  a  cheaper 
rate.  In  1471  lYior  Bell  senl  a  circular  letter  to  the  various  colls 
expressly  prohibiting  the  use  of  linen  shirts  and  woollen  caligte 
closed,  after  the  manner  of  lay-folk.  Scr.  Tres,  p.  ccclii. 
"in-  of  the  servauntes\.  From  there  being  at  lirst  as  few  servants  as  possible, 
there  came,  as  time  wont  on,  to  be  a  great  many.  At  Evesham 
there  were  fifty-nine  at  the  Dissolution,  while  at  Durham  there  must 
have  boon  at  least  a  hundred.  See  App.  V,  p.  144.  A  hundred  or 
more  was  the  usual  number  in  the  larger  monasteries.  At  Wor- 
cester, the  Chamberlain  had  a  staff  of  tailors  under  him  in  their 
work-room  to  the  west  of  the  church,  and  at  Durham  he  had  a  cissor 
under  him. — Rolls,  Index  under  Tailors. 

the  common  house].     See  above,  ch.  XLV  ;   p.  270. 

77/1'  Commoners  checker].  Constructed  by  partitioning  off  some  pari  of  the 
vaulted  undercroft,  probably  by  wooden  screens.  There  are  several 
rolls  of  the  Commoner  (communiarius)  between  1416  and  1535,  in 
which  we  find  mention  of  the  fuel,  figs,  raisins,  etc.  —  Rolls,  285 — 29b!. 

spices  against  lent].  Spices  and  savoury  herbs  would  enable  the  monks 
better  to  relish  and  digest  their  food  on  fast-days.  We  find  that  at 
Winchester  the  (caterer's  Valerius  provided,  at  the  Collation  on 
vigils,  when  they  fasted,  sage,  mint,  and  parsley,  in  lieu  of  spices, 
from  the  Invention  to  the  Exaltation  of  the  Holy  Cross,  May  3rd — 
Sept.  14th,  during:  which  time  these  herbs  would  be  flourishing-  in  the 
garden.  See  Consuetudinary,  ed.  Kitchin,  18S6,  pp.  24,  47  ;  Rolls, 
Index  under  Spice,  Garlic,  Onions,  etc. 
for  the  keaping  of  his  0\.  It  was  usual  for  each  of  the  principal  officers  in 
a  monastery  to  "  keep  his  O  "  by  singing-  one  of  the  "  great  O's  "  or 
Advent  anthems  (see  above,  p.  270)  and  providing'  a  pittance  or 
feast.  There  are  several  references  to  these  in  the  Winchester  Rolls 
edited  by  Dean  Kitchin;  we  there  find  the  O  Prion's,  Lurtarii  el 
Berthonarii,  Custodis,  Coquinarii,  and  Hordarii.  The  same  "  O  " 
was  not  always  assigned  to  the  same  officer.  The  custom  at  Fleurv 
was  for  the  Abbot  to  have  O  Sapientia,  the  Prior  O  Adonai,  the 
Gardener  O  Radix  Jesse,  the  Cellarer  O  Claris  David,  the  Treasurer 
O  Oriens,  the  Provost  O  Rex  Gentium,  the  Librarian  0  Emmanuel, 
the  Master  of  the  Works,  who  was  also  Sacrist,  0  Virgo  Virginum. 
Elsewhere  the  Treasurer  usually  had  O  Claris  (Archeeologia,  XLIX, 
231  |.  The  solemn  and  moderate  little  banquet  may  have  been  a 
sort  ot  set-off  against  any  fasting'  that  was  observed  on  these 
last  days  of  Advent.  The  person  of  greatest  dignity  took  O 
Sapientia  ;  "  Excellentior  persona  quae  in  chore  praesens  fuerit 
incipiat  Antiphonam  .  .  .  post  ilium  .  .  .  gradatim  per  singular 
peis, .uas  descendendo,  usque  ad  Vigiliam  Natalis  Domini.'  —Brev. 
Saritm,  Cantab.,  cliv,  civ.  At  Durham,  however,  the  first  "O  ' 
tell  to  the  lot  of  the  Commoner,  unless  the  author  of  Rites  be 
confounding  some  other  "O"  therewith,  which  is  not  impossible, 
considering  the  time  at   which  he  wrote.      See  above,  eh.  Xl.V. 


2cS4  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

fygges  and  walnutes].  Dried  fruits,  especially  raisins,  will  to  some  extent 
compensate  for  the  absence  of  flesh  from  a  dietary. 

Dane  Will'm  Watson],  Mentioned  above,  ch.  xlix,  p.  94,  as  Vice  Prior. 
The  two  distinct  offices  of  Vice  Prior  and  Prior's  Chaplain  appear  to 
have  been  held  by  the  same  person  at  the  time  referred  to. 

over  the  staires\  The  Dean's  (formerly  Prior's)  hall  is  still  reached  by  a 
flight  of  stone  stairs. 

at  the  Bowcers  handes].  It  may  be  noted  that  the  Bursar's  checker  was 
situated  close  by  that  of  the  Chaplain.     See  above,  p.  280. 

named  after  litis  sorte].  It  would  seem  that  novices  as  well  as  monks  were 
named  "  Dane  "  ;  so  Bachelors  in  our  Universities  are  styled  "  Ds.'' 
for  Domnus. 

LI,  pp.   102 — 103. 

before  mentioned].     Ch.  11,  p.  3. 

ye  visilac'on].  The  Visitation  at  Durham  is  not  mentioned  in  the  Letters 
on  the  Suppression  of  the  Monasteries  published  by  the  Camden 
Society,  the  subjects  of  which  do  not  extend  further  north  than 
Yorkshire.  Dr.  Legh,  Ley,  or  Lee  was  one  of  the  most  active  of 
the  Commissioners  employed.  He  was  described  as  "a  doctor  of 
low  quality,"  and  his  proceedings  seem  to  justify  the  description. 
See  Dictionary  of  National  Biography.  He  was  at  Selby  on  the  8th 
of  December,  1537,  as  was  Walter  Hendle  or  Henley.  Blythman 
was  al  York  15th  December,  1537. — Letters  on  Suppr.  Mon.  (Cam- 
den Soc),  166,  168.  They  were  probably  at  Durham  during  the 
same  year,  for  1537  is  printed  in  the  margin  of  Harpsfield's  Hist. 
Eccl.  Angl.  (1622),  p.  105.  The  shrine  at  Bridlington  was  ordered 
to  be  taken  down  in  that  year,  but  the  general  order  was  given 
in  the  middle  of  1538.  The  sheriffs,  magistrates,  and  other 
laymen  then  received  commissions  to  take  down  shrines  and  other 
monuments  that  were  regarded  as  superstitious  and  afforded  plunder. 
Wilkins  prints  the  commission  for  taking  down  St.  Richard's  shrine 
at  Chichester. — Cone.,  Ill,  840.  There  are  good  accounts  of  the 
whole  business  in  R.  W.  Dixon's  History  of  the  Church  of  England, 
II,  69—74,  an(J  m  F-  A.  Gasquet's  Henry  VIII  and  the  English 
Monasteries,  1889,  II,  402 — 413. 

woorthie  &  goodly  Jewells].  See  the  lists  in  Rolls,  under  SUUus  Officii 
Feretrarii. 

one  pretious  stone].  The  Emerald,  valued,  with  five  rings  and  silver  chains, 
at  Z."3.336  '3s-  4d-  in  i4°T-  —  Rolls,  454. 

y  clt  isle  .  .  .  bound  wth  Irone].  This  iron-bound  chest  is  not  mentioned  by 
Raine  as  having  been  found  in  1827.  It  had  probably  been  discarded 
when  a  new  chest  was  made  in  1541-2. 

yc  gouldc  smyth].  Probably  one  whom  the  Commissioners  took  about 
with  them  to  assist  them  in  dealing  with  the  plunder. 

a  great  fore  ham  nier\.  "  The  large  hammer  which  strikes  first;  a  sledge- 
hammer."— N.  E.  D.,  where  see  quotations  1543 — 1894. 

vncorrupt).  Doubtless  in  what  is  called  a  "mummified''  condition,  as  bodies 
have  oft t'ii  been  found,  e.g.  those  of  our  kings  Edward  the  Con- 
fessor,     Edward     I,    and    Charles    I,    of   Thomas    Gray    Marquis    of 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  2S5 

Dorset,  and  of  Bishops  Lyndwode  the  canonist,  Braybroke  of 
London,  and  Thirlby  of  Ely.  Several  bodies  of  Capuchin  friars  in 
the  same  dried-up  state  are  now  exhibited  at  their  monastery  in 
Rome,  and  others  1  i  U  i-  them  elsewhere. 

11  /ar/Ji  ni't/x grow/he].  Or  probably  more.  Ii  is  not  likely  thai  St.  Cuthbert 
would  pay  any  attention  to  his  beard  during;  his  last  sickness. 

his  vestmenfes].  Found  in  1827  and  still  preserved.  See  Raine,  St.  Cuth- 
bert, 104  ff.  and  Plates. 

his  met  wand  of  gould].  The  term  metewand  is  usually  applied  to  a 
measuring  rod,  bul  here  it  must  mean  a  crosier,  which,  it  of  gold  or 
silver-gilt,  would  be  carried  ofFby  the  Commissioners  of  15^7,  and  so 
would  not  be  found  in  1827. 

when  he  did  breake  vpe  y*  chiste].  He  must  have  broken  up  three  chests, 
viz.  the  iron-bound  chest  above  mentioned,  the  ''  chest  covered  with 
hides  "that  was  opened  in  1104,  and  the  innermost  chest,  covered 
with  carvings,  opened  at  the  same  time.  The  two  latter  were  found 
in  1827,  but  the  outermost  chest  then  found  would  be  one  made  for 
the  burial  in  1 541—2,  and  described  as  "a  new  coffin  of  wood  "  in  a 
tract  written  about  1559.  —  Raine,  St.  Cuthbert,  76,  175;  Brief  Account , 
5S;  Rolls,  quoted  in  note  below.  The  greater  part  of  the  chest  covered 
with  carvings  is  now  to  be  seen  in  the  Cathedral  Library,  and  is 
described  in  the  Catalogue  of  Sculptured  Stones,  etc.,  Durham,  iSqx), 
pp.  134 — 156,  and  Plates  9 — 13.  The  broken  pieces  were  taken  out 
of  the  grave  in  1S27,  and  fitted  together,  as  far  as  possible,  in  1S9S. 
The  cover,  sides,  and  ends  exhibit  rude  but  spirited  outline  carvings. 
On  the  cover,  Christ  with  the  symbols  of  St.  Matthew  and  St.  Mark 
over  the  head  and  of  St.  Luke  and  St.  John  under  the  feet.  On 
one  end,  the  Blessed  Virgin  with  the  Infant  Jesus,  on  the  other 
St.  Gabriel  and  St.  Michael.  On  one  side,  the  twelve  Apostles 
with  St.  Paul,  and  probably  St.  Barnabas,  in  two  rows  ;  on  the 
other,  one  row  of  six  Archangels.  The  figures  have  their  names 
lightly  cut  on  the  wood,  some  in  Roman  and  others  in  Runic 
characters  such  as  were  used  in  England  in  Eata's  time. 

alas  I  hauc  broke  one  of  his  leigges}.  He  may  only  have  caused  a  knee-joint 
partly  to  come  asunder,  which  would  consist  with  the  bones  being 
found  "perfectly  whole"  in  1S27  (Raine,  St.  Cuthbert,  213)  and  again 
in   1 899  [Arcfupohgia,  IA'II,   19  ff.). 

y*  synewes  &  ye  shine  heild  it].  As  they  easily  might  do  in  the  case  of  a 
dried-up  body.  And  when  the  bones  were  examined  in  1  <Sc><. >  some  of 
them  showed  "  much  ligamentous  matter  still  adherent,"  others 
showed  remains  of  periosteum,  and  there  were  further  indications 
that  the  body  had  not  decayed  in  a  grave  in  the  usual  way  (.Irc/iceo- 
logiti,  L\'I  I,  20). 

close  and saiflie  keapt\.  An  iron-bound  chest  now  at  the  Castle,  mentioned 
above,  p.  264,  is  shown  as  that  in  which  St.  Cuthbert's  body 
was  kept,  but  the  tradition  may  be  quite  modern  and  destitute 
of  foundation.  It  has  been  argued  with  great  ingenuity  by 
the  Rev.  W.  Brown  that,  during  its  sojourn  in  the  Revestrv, 
St.  Cuthbert's  body  was  bidden  away  somewhere  in  the  church, 
and    a    "  sham    St.    Cuthbert  "     made    up    by    swathing    a     skeleton 


286  KITES    OF    DURHAM. 

and  placing  on  it  episcopal  robes  which  may  have  been  taken 
from  the  stores  of  the  feretory  if  not  from  the  very  body  of  the 
Saint  ;  that  bv  such  a  pious  fraud  the  real  body  was  secured  from 
profanation,  while  the  counterfeit  was  buried  in  St.  Cuthbert's 
coffins  in  1541-2,  and  that  the  Roman  Catholic  traditions  of  the 
hidden  body  rest  on  a  sound  foundation. — {Where  is  St.  Cuthbert- 
buried?  Durham,  1897).  But  the  examination  in  1899  made  the 
identification  of  the  body,  to  say  the  least,  highly  probable,  and  this 
probability  was  much  strengthened  by  the  discovery  with  it  of  parts 
of  a  skull  which  was  all  but  certainly  St.  Oswald's. — Archceologia , 
LVII,  24.  Mr.  W.  H.  St.  John  Hope  calls  attention  to  another 
important  point,  namely  that  the  cross  found  on  the  body  in  1827, 
"  deeply  buried  among  the  remains  of  the  robes  which  were  nearest 
to  the  breast  of  the  Saint  "  (Raine,  St.  Cuthbert,  211),  must  have  been 
there,  but  overlooked,  both  in  1104  and  in  1537,  for  Reginald  does 
not  mention  it,  and  it  would  hardly  have  been  put  on  the  body  at  the 
later  date.  Therefore  the  body  seen  in  1 104  was,  in  all  probability, 
that  which  was  seen  in  1537,  1827,  and  1899.  There  is  an  almost 
contemporary  notice  of  the  opening  of  the  shrine  in  the  tract, 
c.  1559,  printed  1799,  on  the  Origin  and  Succession  of  the  Bishops 
of  Durham,  p.  27,  in  George  Allan's  collection  of  local  tracts. 

the  prior  and  the  inounckes  buried  him\.  The  original  bill  of  expenses 
connected  with  this  burial  (1541-2)  is  now  hanging  in  the  Library, 
framed  and  glazed.  For  a  printed  copy  and  translation,  see  Raine, 
St.  Cuthbert,  179,  180  ;  it  is  printed  also  in  Rolls,  742,  743.  Nails  and 
iron  bands  are  mentioned,  and  were  probably  for  the  new  coffin,  the 
wood  for  which  would  come  from  the  capitular  store,  and  so  not  be 
specified.  There  are  entries  relating  to  the  marble  stone,  and  the 
sewing  of  a  sheet,  indicating  that  the  interment  was  carefully  and 
decently  conducted.  Ow  January  1st,  1542,  George  Skeles  was  paid 
i5d.  for  2^  days  "circa  facturam  putei  S.  Cuthberti." — Rolls,  742. 
Harpsfield  says  that  Bishop  Tunstall  gave  the  directions  for  the 
grave. — Hist.  Eccl.  Angl.  (1622),  p.  105.  The  marble  base-course  of 
the  shrine  was  used  in  the  sides  of  the  new  grave. — Archceologia , 
LVII,  14,  16. 

where  his  shrine  was  exalted}.  The  marble  substructures  of  the  shrines  of 
St.  Cuthbert  and  St.  Bede  were  removed  in  1542  ;  "  solut.  Johanni 
Symson  pro  ablacione  tumbaj  S.  Cuthberti  et  tumbe  S.  Bedas  pro 
quatuor  diebus  \]s.  per  me  Robertum  Dalton. — Raine,  St.  Cuthbert, 
1 7877.  ;  Rolls,  742. 

LII,  pp.   103 — 104. 

defaced  by  ye  said  visitors).  "  Paid  to  Rayffe  Skelus  and  iij  fellows  for 
takyng  away  Sanct  Bedes  Tumbe,  15^."— Raine,  St.  Cuthbert,  ij8n.  ; 
Rolls,  742. 

his  bones  being  interred].  The  plain  tomb  in  the  Galilee  was  probably 
made  at  this  time.  The  ground  under  it  was  examined  in  1831,  and 
at  a  depth  of  about  three  feet  below  the  floor  were  found  a  good 
many  human  bones  arranged  in  their  respective  places  in  a  coffin  of 
full  size,  but  by  no  means  the  whole  number  belonging  to  a  perfect 
skeleton.     This  was  not  to  be  expected,  for  many  of  Bede's  bones, 


NOTES   ON    THE    TEXT.  287 

real  or  reputed,  had  been  acquired  for  other  churches,  and,  indeed, 
some  may  have  been  left  al  Jarrow  when  the  rest  were  brought  to 
Durham  by  Elfred  Westou,  c.  \.n.  1022.  For  an  accounl  of  the 
examination  of  the  grave,  see  Raine,  Br.  Ace.,  70  82. 
the  said  stones].  These  stones  are  now  in  the  floor  between  two  of  the 
piers  near  the  door  to  the  \.\V.  corner  of  the  cloisters.  The  one, 
with  three  holes  in  each  corner,  measures  4  ft.  (>'.,  inches  by  2  ft. 
in  in.  ;  the  other,  without  holes,  4  ft.  4 %  in.  by  2  ft.  8  in.  The  rovn- 
of  St.  Cuthbert's  shrine  ran  up  and  down  on  roils  or  staves  in  the 
same  way.     Ch.  11. 

LIII,  p.    104. 

S«cte  Marks  Day],  Gregory  the  Groat  appointed  that  the  "Greater 
Litany"  should  be  sung  in  procession  on  St.  Mark's  day  on  the 
occasion  of  a  pestilence  in  Rome,  and  this  observance  continues  in 
the  Church  of  Rome  to  this  day.  The  Greater  Litany  is  to  be  found 
in  the  Roman  Breviary  next  after  the  Penitential  Psalms,  and  it  is 
used  .also  on  the  Rogation  days.  See  also  Brev.  Sarum  (Cambridge), 
Faseie.  II,  col.  250,  and  Brev.  Ebor.  (Surtees),  vol.  I,  col.  931. 

commonly  fasted].  The  penitential  character  given  to  the  dav  superseded 
its  observance  as  a  festival.  Rut  if  St.  Mark's  day  fell  on  a  Sunday 
or  in  Easter  week  there  was,  in  some  places  at  least,  neither  fast  nor 
procession  that  year.  G.  J.  Aungier,  Hist.  Syon,  1840,  p.  353.  For 
an  English  rule  see  Sarum  Missal  (Burntisland),  col.  739. 

ye  Bowe  church].     That  of  St.  Mary  in  the  North  Bailey. 

LIV,  p.   104. 

y  iij  Cross  dates].  The  Rogation  days,  or  three  days  next  before  the  Ascen- 
sion Day.  The  term  Cross-days  appears  to  have  been  connected 
with  the  processional  crosses  and  banners  bearing  crosses  that  were 
carried  in  "  beating  the  bounds,"  perhaps  also  with  the  boundary 
crosses  that  were  visited  in  these  perambulations.  See  Ellis's 
Brand's  Pop.  Antiq.,  I,  201  ;  Popish  Kingdome,  Englyshed  by 
Rarnabe  Googe,  R.  C.  Hope's  reprint,  1S80,  p.  53,  The  Litanies 
sung  on  these  days  were  the  same  as  on  St.  Mark's  day. 

LV,  pp.  105 — 107. 

S»cte  Cuthb  :  Barter],    In  1536-7  we  find  a  payment  of  5s.  "  pro  emendacione 

vexilli  Scl  Cuthberti  per  communes  Dunelm.  fracti."  —  Roils,  483. 

his  crutch  .  .  .  with  a  rich  niyter\.  The  Priors  of  Durham  had  used  the 
crosier  and  mitre  from  the  time  of  Prior  Berringlon.      See  above,  ch. 

XXV. 

Sacte  Beetles  shrine],     Ch.  mi. 

the  picture  of  Sacte  Oswald].  uYmagO  S.  Oswaldi  argentea  et  doaurata 
cum  cosla  ejusdem  inclusa  in  pectore  ymaginis  "  '  1383).  -Rolls,  \ 26. 

S"c/e  Margarettes  Crosse],  Probably  the  smaller  of  the  two  Black  Roods  of 
Scotland.  See  above,  pp.  i.s  u).  "  Una  crux  que  vocatur  Sancte 
IVfargarete  regine  Scocie."     Rolls,  426. 


288  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Lyegaite\.     Formerly  Lykogate,   Rolls,   Index  under  Durham,  streets,  and 

p.   9335    Likyate  in  Scr.    Tres,    117  (1333);   Lyegate  layne,    H.   45; 

Lidgate,    Cos.    and    H.    44;    Ly-gate,    Dav.  ;    Lidgate,    H.   editions; 

"  now  Bow  Lane,"  MS.  addition.       Now  called  Dun  Cow  Lane. 
south  baley\.      "South"   in  all  the   MSS.  and  editions.      But  read   "North," 

o\\  "  to  the  South  Bailey." 
ye  abbey  gurfh].     The  Curia  or  great  court,  now  the  College. 
Image  of  S«cte   Aidan\.      Perhaps    the    head    only;    "Caput    Sci.    Aydani 

ornatum  in  cupro  deaurato  et  lapidibus  preciosis  "  (1383). — Rolls,  433. 

But  an  image  of  the  whole  fig-ure  may  have  been  acquired  later. 
the  goodly   richc  Jewelles  and  Reliques].       Some  status  or  lists  of  various 

dates,  printed  with  the   Feretrars'  Rolls,  full}'  bear  out   what  is  here 

stated. 
kyng  Richard].      Richard    III    made   oblations   at    the    high   altar   on    St. 

Brendan's  day,  1483. — Rolls,  414. 
the  historic  of  the  church].      The  History  of  the  Church  at  large. — Davies. 

Apparently  some  unpublished  work  now  lost. 

LVI,  p.    107— 10S. 

The  place  grene].     Now  called  the  Palace  Green. 

the  towle  boivth].      Bishop  Tunstall  built  a  Toll  booth   "  of  eslier  vvorke " 

(ashlar)  in  the  Market  Place,   and  the  suffragan  bishop  Sparke  set 

up  a  cross,  also  in  the  Market  Place,   where  the  old  Toll  booth  had 

stood,    namely,    near  the  middle  of   the   "square." — Scr.    Tres,    155, 

156  ;   Raine,  Auckland,  64??.  ;  Hutchinson,  Durham,  II,  295. 
Wyndshole yett].     There  was  probably  a  gate  at  the  top  of  the  lane  or  path 

that  leads  down  from  the  S.W.  corner  of  the  Green  to  the  Banks, 

now  called  "  Windy  Gap." 
sytting  on  there  kneys].     Kneeling,  as  above,  p.  52. 
The  prior  did  sence  yt].     He  censed  it,    of  course.     The  absurd   reading 

"  fetch  "  is  in  all  the  editions  as  well  as  in  Cosin's  MS.,  but  L.  and  C. 

have  " sence." 
ye  Banners  of  ye  occupac'ons].     Those  of  the  various  trade  guilds. 
ye  Revestrie].     That  of  St.  Nicholas'  church. 
Doctcr  Harvye  and  Docter  Whitby].     See  p.  251.      For  documents  relating 

to  this  visitation  in  the  first  year  of  Edward  VI,  see  Wilkins,  vol.  iv, 

pp.  3—26. 
he  dyd  tread  vpon   it].      And  so  did   Doctor  Home,   the  dean   of  Durham, 

according  to  Ch.  xxxm,  p.  69. 


NOTES     ON     TIIK     APPKNOIX. 


Appendix  I,  pp.   iog — 122. 

A  discription,  etc.].  This  description  is  attributed  by  Hunter,  p.  120  of  his 
editions,  to  "  Prior  Wassington,"  but  upon  no  authority.  Indeed 
some  of  the  persons  represented  flourished  long  after  Prior 
Wessington's  death,  and  the  account  seems  to  have  been  drawn  up 
as  a  supplement  to  Rites,  for  it  makes  no  mention  of  any  of  the 
windows  therein  described.  There  is  a  similar  description  of  the 
windows  at  Fairford,  "  from  an  old  MS.,"  in  Hearne's  Coll.  O.  H.  S., 
V,  244—247. 
3  faire  lights].  All  existing  representations  known  to  us  show  a  two-light 
window  in  this  place,  e.g.  the  plates  in  Carter  and  in  Billings,  and 
some  earlier  views.  But  the  description  here  is  so  particular  that 
there  must  have  been  a  three-light  window  at  the  time  when  it  was 
written,  unless  there  be  some  confusion  with  another  window.  All 
the  aisle  windows  were  Norman,  with  inserted  Perpendicular  tracer}'. 

a  nioiike  in  a  bleu1  hubitte\.  The  black  habit  of  the  Benedictines  was 
usually  represented  as  blue  in  painted  glass,  for  the  sake  of  pictorial 
effect  and  harmony  of  colour.  The  St.  Cuthbert  window  at  York, 
for  example,  is  full  of  "  blue  monks."  Sometimes  purple  was  used,  as 
in  the  old  glass  at  the  Bodleian  Library,  representing  the  penance  of 
Henry  III. 

kneeling  vpon  his  knees],  "Sitting  upon  his  knees"  is  the  expression 
commonly  used  in  Riles  ;  see  pp.  34,  52,  107. 

lurretl  wyndowes].  The  upper  lights  in  Perpendicular  or  Decorated  tracer}-, 
such  as  had  been  inserted  in  the  Norman  windows. 

round  about  coloured  glasse].     Apparently  a  coloured  border. 

saint  Katherine],     See  above,  p.  195*. 

amies  of  St  Cuthbert,  etc.].     See  below,  p.  290. 

Bushnp  Skirlawes  amies].     See  above,  p.  209. 

his  urines  in  a  scutcheon].     See  above,  pp.  44,  230. 

Si  Xpofer],  The  legend  of  St.  Christopher  ;  see  Legenda  Aurca,  xcv  ; 
(no  lessons  in  the  ordinary  English  or  Roman  Breviaries)  was  one  of 
the  most  popular  of  all  in  the  .Middle  Ages,  and  representations  of 
him  abounded.  Gigantic  images  of  the  Saint  crossing  the  stream 
with  the  Infant  Christ  on  his  shoulders,  and  grasping  the  Staff, 
were  often  placed  in  conspicuous  situations,  with  the  inscription, 
"  Christophori  sancti  faciem  quicumque  tuetur,  Ilia  nempe  die  non 
morte  mala  morietur."  There  is  a  very  tine  example  in  glass  at  All 
Saints',  North  Street,  York,  having  these  words  on  a  scroll  over 
his  head,  "  Cristofori  d'ns  sedeo  qui  crimina  tollo." 

10  knotts].  Devices  in  pattern  glass.  The  same  term  was  applied  to 
ornamental  flower-beds.  Alicia  Amherst,  Gardening  in  England, 
1895,  pp.  83,  122,  209. 

'9 


2C)0  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

the  picture  of  trod,  etc.].  Doubtless  the  usual  representation  of  the  Holy 
Trinity,  commonly  including  the  Dove,  not  here  mentioned. 

amies  of  the  nevills].  This  being  one  of  the  windows  of  the  Neville  Chapel. 
Canon  Greenwell  quite  well  remembers  these  windows,  and  the 
Nevilles'  arms  in  them  (gules  a  saltire  silver). 

i"'  hind  at  //is  feelc].  Referring- to  the  beautiful  legend  of  the  hunted  hind 
protected  by  the  saint  (Legenda  Aurca,  exxv  ;  Brcv.  Rom.  et  Ebor. 
September  i). 

St  Katficrine\.     See  above,  p.  195*. 

ye  order  of  St  Bennett].     See  Appendix  III,  p.  124. 

the  priors  within].  "  ffryars  "  in  H.  44,  Hunter,  etc.,  an  obvious  mistake, 
for  there  were  no  Friars  of  the  Benedictine  Order. 

howghells  altar].  Endowed  with  land  at  Houghal,  near  Durham,  as  the 
adjoining  altar  was  with  land  at  Bolton  in  the  parish  of  Edlingham, 
Northumberland. — Greenwell,  55«. 

St  Xpofer].     See  above,  p.  289. 

ye  picture  of  St  Leon  de\.  There  is  a  figure  of  St.  Leonard  in  painted  glass, 
probably  from  the  Cathedral,  possibly  this  very  one,  now  inserted  in 
the  staircase  window  of  the  house  belonging  to  the  second  stall, 
now  occupied  by  Canon  Tristram.  A  coloured  engraving  of  it  was 
published  by"  William  Fowler,  of  Winterton,  in  1806. 

ye  old  seat].     The  long  form  mentioned  p.  34. 

a  casement].  An  opening  portion  ;  Hunter  has  "  casemond  "  here,  and 
"  casemund  "  occurs  in  1556  (N.  E.  D. ). 

a  monkc  traiteyling,  etc.].  For  the  story  here  represented,  see  Bede's  Life 
of  St.  Cuthbert,  ch.  x,  or  the  English  Metrical  Life,  p.  49.  The  same 
story  has  often  formed  the  subject  of  pictorial  representations.  See 
Yks.  Arch.  JrnL,  IV,  305,  XI,  493. 

armour  in  blew  colours].     Here  the  blue  glass  would  indicate  polished  steel. 

^  seu'all  amies  in  scutcheons].  The  arms  attributed  were,  for  St.  Cuthbert, 
As.  a  cross  patonce  Or  between  four  lions  rampant  Arg.  ;  for  St. 
Oswald,  Gu.  a  plain  cross  between  four  lions  rampant  Or  ;  for  Our 
Lady,  Az.  a  heart  Gu.  winged  Or  transfixed  by  a  sword  in  pale 
proper  ;  for  St.  George,  Arg.  a  plain  cross  Gu.  See  Longstaffe  in 
the  Herald  and  Genealogist  of  1872.  Dugdale  in  1666,  in  his  Church 
Notes  in  the  Heralds'  College,  describing  the  Durham  glass  "  in 
australi  fenestra  alae  australis,"  gives  the  two  latter  only,  the  two 
former  having  probably  been  removed.  At  the  present  time  the 
above  arms,  with  the  exception  of  St.  George's,  are  in  a  window  at 
the  Deanery,  and  have  probably  been  taken  from  the  Cathedral. 

part  of  the  Crede],  The  legend  assigning  an  article  of  the  Creed  to  each 
Apostle  is  of  course  mediaeval,  not  primitive.  Two  sermons  among 
the  I'seudo-Augustinian  works  (CCXL,  CCXLI,  alias  De  Symbolo,  IV,  V, 
Migne,  Patrol.  Lat.,  vol.  39,  pp.  2189,  2190)  assign  to  each  Apostle  an 
article,  but  only  five  articles  are  given  to  the  same  authors  in  the 
two  discourses.     The  legend,   with  a  list  of  apostles  and  articles,  is 


NOTKS   ON    THE    APPENDIX.  291 

given  in  the  Rationale  of  Durandus,  lib.  IV,  cap.  25.  No  one  order 
seems  to  be  strictly  followed  in  mediaeval  art  ;  most  of  the  Apostles 
have  the  same  articles,  l>m  some  are  subject  to  variation.  There  is 
a  1  ■ — 1  in  The  Myrroure  ofOure  Lady,  E.  E.  T.  S.,  1N73,  p.  312. 

St  Leonard].     See  note,  p.  290. 

Thomas  Aforesbie].  Thomas  Moreby  was  Cellarer  in  14K)  {Rolls,  56),  and 
in  1459  there  were  two  patella  called  Moreby,  probably  his  trills  m- 
acquisitions  {//>.,  Sg). 

U'»<  Dntx\.  Prior  of  Coldingham,  1417  1441.  The  mention  of  the  crosier 
in  the  hand  of  a  Prior  of  Coldingham,  which  was  only  a  cell  of 
Durham,  is  remarkable. 

prioresse],     St.  Ebbawas  Prioress  in  (lie  double  monastery  of  Coldingham. 

S<  W"*  Bushop\     St.  William,  archbishop  of  York. 

Thomas  Rome}.  Sacrist  1 405-25.  Frequently  mentioned  in  the  Rolls  ;  see 
Index  thereto  under  his  name. 

The  9  Altars].  For  notices  of  the  North  and  South  windows,  -.00  above, 
P-  3- 

a  cross?  diuision].  The  Lancet  windows  in  the  Nine  Altars  were  all 
provided  with  Perpendicular  tracery,  and,  being  lofty,  required 
transoms.     This  tracery  has  been  renewed  at  the  South  cm\. 

Cloyster  windowes\     Described  above,  ch.  xxxvi.  p.  76. 

Hawing  his  home].  St.  Oswald's  ivory  horn  was  among  the  relics  pre- 
served at  Durham. — Rolls,  431. 

•with  a  scepter].  St.  Oswald's  ivory  sceptre  was  also  among  the  relics. — 
Rolls,  426. 

11  /aire  crowne  of  gold  .  .  .  a  bush  of  ostrich  feathers].  The  palatinate 
coronet  and  plumes  used  by  Bishop  Hatfield  and  his  successors. 
See  Longstaffe  on  the  Old  Official  Heraldry  of  Durham  in  the  Herald 
mid  Genealogist,  1872,  and  the  Plates  of  Seals  in  Surtees'  History  of 
Durham. 

Si  Katherina],     See  above,  p.  2,  and  the  notes  thereon,  p.  195. 

.V  Margaret],  See  Legenda  Aurea,  No.  Ixxxviii  ;  Brcv.  Sarum  et  Ebor. 
20  July. 

drawen  ;■/>  by  wyndowes].  That  is,  by  a  win. las  oi-  windlass  ;  (putly,  II.  45; 
windowes,  C. ). 

Mary  Magdelene  .  .  .  nidged  to  die].  The  Rev.  Father  Poncelet,  S.J., 
the  Bollandist,  who  has  kindly  examined  all  the  printed  texts 
relating  to  St.  Mary  Magdalene,  has  not  found  anything  like  this 
incident,  and  he  thinks  it  probable  that  we  here  have  some  confusion 
with  another  saint,  though  the  particulars  given  are  not  precise 
enough  to  enable  us  to  say  what  saint. 

saint  Edmond].     The  archbishop,  not  the  kin.y,  as  appears  below.      For  the 

legend  here  referred  to,  see  Nova  Legenda  Angiiee,  Oxford  edition, 

in    which,    as    in     the    edition    of    1516,     the    sainls    are    entered    in 
alphabetical  order,  vol.  I,  p.  317. 
fadowmed].      Fathomed,  i.e.  encircled   by  extended  arms.      See    Fathom,  v, 

in  N.  E.  D. 


292  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

his  beheading].  The  picture  no  doubt  represented  the  beheading-  of  St. 
Paul. 

altar  of  S^  Aydaine].     Add,  "and  St.  Helen." 

carried  to  Heaven  by  hvo  Angells].  See  Yorks.  Arch.Jrnl.,  IV,  287  ;  Bede, 
Vit.  S.  Cuthb.,  IV  ;  Engl.  Mctr.  Life,  36,  37  ;  Appendix  No.  IV, 
p.  142. 

Si  Elinor],     A  mere  mistake,  of  course,  for  "  St.  Helena." 

in  her  amies].  This  must  be  a  clerical  error,  corrected  in  H.  44.  The 
picture  was  probably  a  representation  of  the  Holy  Trinity. 

8  seuerall  orders].  Nine  orders  are  reckoned,  the  seven  here  named, 
together  with  Thrones,  and  Virtues,  which,  with  the  six  pictures 
mentioned  in  the  text,  would  make  up  the  "eight  several  pictures." 
Nine  pictures  could  not  have  been  got  in,  so  one  was  made  to 
represent  Cherubim  and  Seraphim.  The  two  omitted  Orders  may 
either  have  disappeared  from  the  window,  or  may  have  been 
accidentally  omitted  in  the  description. 

Appendix  II,  pp.   122 — 123. 

A?ino  Domini  144S].  The  Sacrist's  roll  for  this  year  is  not  extant,  and  the 
Feretrar's  Roll  contains  nothing  relating  to  the  royal  visit.  Over  the 
heading  of  the  Hostillar's  roll  is  written  "  Adventus  Regis,''  and  a 
white  horse  was  bought  "  de  uno  cursore  d'ni  Regis."  The  Bursar's 
roll  of  the  previous  year  has  entries  relating  to  correspondence  with 
the  king,  but  the  roll  for  1448  is  lost. 

F.  C.  yj°  kal :  octobris].  In  1448  the  Dominical  or  Sunday  Letter  was  F, 
therefore  C  was  the  letter  of  Thursday,  Sept.  26,  or  vj  kal.  Oct. 
See  Aug.  De  Morgan's  Book  of  Almanacks,  pp.  vii,  5,  21. 

Appendix  III,  pp.    124 — 136. 

Inscriptions  beneath  the  Figures],  This  article  is  given  as  in  the  edition  of 
1842,  but  with  some  corrections,  and  references  to  the  MS.  In  that 
edition  the  paragraphs  relating  to  local  saints  are  given  entire,  the 
rest  being  represented  by  the  headings  only,  or  by  short  abstracts. 
The  present  editor  copied  the  whole  of  them  with  the  intention  of 
printing  them  in  this  edition,  but  as  they  would  occupy  about  forty 
pages,  that  plan  has  been  abandoned.  And  as  it  is  probable  that  the 
inscriptions  on  the  screenwork  were  simply  what  appear  here  as 
headings,  and  that  the  explanatory  paragraphs  never  appeared  in 
the  church  at  all,  there  seems  the  less  reason  for  introducing  them 
here.  Those  relating  to  the  local  saints,  however,  may  as  well 
remain  as  specimens  showing  what  the  others  are.  They  are  all 
copied  in  full,  but  incorrectly,  in  MS.  Cosin  B.  II,  2.  It  does  not 
seem  necessary  to  annotate  them  fully,  as  they  hardby  seem  to  come 
within  the  scope  of  the  present  work. 

per  Bartaam  conversus],  Barlaam  is  said  to  have  been  a  monk  in  India  in 
the  earliest  period  of  monasticism,  and  to  have  converted  Josaphat, 
an  Indian  prince. — Dictionary  of  Christian  Biography,  Barlaam  and 
Josaphat  are  commemorated  in  the  Roman  martyrology,  Nov.  27. 
John  Damascene  is  the  primary  authority  concerning  them, 


NOTES    ON    THE    APPENDIX.  293 

Ex  Libro  de  fundacione,  etc*].  The  reference  is  to  Symeon,  Eccl.  Dunelm., 
lib.  II,  cap.  i. 

commisso gravi prcelio].  The  famous  "Battle  of  the  Standard,"  fought  in 
u38. 

monachico  kabitu  est  indutus].  This  took  place  in  the  Cluniac  monastery 
ai  Pontefract,  in  1140. — Fasti Ebor.,  208. 

Ex  Policronica\  The  Polychronicon  of  Ralph  Higden,  compiled  in  the 
fourteenth  century. 

munusque  amoris  deposit//].  Ethelwold's  present  may  possibly  have  been 
i In-  stole  and  maniple  still  in  existence.  See  Raine,  St.  Cuthbert, 
20811.,  and  53.     But  the  gift  may  have  been  that  of  a  relic. 

Ex Historia  Aurea],  The  Historia  Aurea  is  extant  in  three  sets  of  MSS., 
namely  MSS.  Lambeth  10—12;  MSS.  C.C.C.C.  5,  6;  and  MS. 
Bodl.  240.  It  was  compiled  by  John  of  Tynemouth  in  the  fourteenth 
century;  he  also  wrote,  in  its  original  form,  the  Nova  Legenda 
Angli<r  commonly  attributed  to  John  Capgrave.  See  the  Introduc- 
tion to  the  edition  of  the  last-named  work  issued  by  the  Clarendon 
Press  in  1901,  pp.  Iv  — Iviii,  and  ix — xi.  That  the  fine  copy  of  the 
Historia  Aurea  now  at  Lambeth  is  presumably  the  one  that  belonged 
to  Durham  Abbey  is  shown  by  the  beginnings  of  the  second  leaves, 
which  are  recorded  in  Catalogi  Veteres,  p.  56. 

Tymensis  episcopus}.  Of  Thmuis  in  Egypt  ?  Two  persons  of  the  same 
name  seem  to  be  confounded  here.  See  Dictionary  0/  Christian 
Biography,  under  Serapion,  9,  10. 

Ruspensis  ecdesice  episcopus],  "  The  little  town  of  Ruspe  (or  Ruspae),  a 
small  sea-port  on  a  projecting  spur  of  the  coast,  not  far  from  the 
Syrtis  Parva— lat.  350  1',  long.  E.  ii°  1'." — Dictionary  0/  Christian 
Biography. 

Et  ex  vita  efusdem].  The  reference  may  be  to  a  Life  of  St.  Lata  that  has 
been  printed,  from  a  York  M.S.,  in  Miscellanea  Biogruphica  (Surlees 
Soc),  121,  also  in  Raine's  Hexham,  I,  211.  It  is  merely  a  compila- 
tion from  Bede. 

Et  ex  Libro,  etc.].     Symeon  ;  see  above. 

ingressum  mulierum   .    .    .    interdixit].      See  note  on  ch.  XXII,  p.  228. 

ex  vita  efusdem].  The  Life  of  Benedict  Biscop  in  Bede's  Historia  Abbatum, 
in  his  Opera  Historica,  ed.  Plummer,  I,  364 — 377. 

Appendix  IV,  pp.   137 — 143. 

Scriptura  sub  Jmaginibus  Regum],  In  the  case  of  these  inscriptions  under 
figures  of  kings  and  bishops,  as  in  that  of  inscriptions  under  figures 
of  saints  referred  to  in  the  note  on  p.  292,  it  seems  hardly  likely  that 
the  explanatory  paragraphs  appeared  on  Ihe  screens  in  the  church. 

This  list  is  quite  different  from  those  on  pp.  JO — 22  ;  see  note,  p.  213, 
legem  Cuthberli],  "  Lex  Cuthberti  "  was  a  term  applied  to  any  particular 
law  by  which  the  men  of  the  Bishopric  were  governed.  For  another 
of  these  laws,  see  p.  138,  paragraph  2,  and  there  is  one  in  Scr.  Tres, 
Appendix,  No.  ccexxxii.  Symeon  speaks  of  Athelstane's  con- 
firming "  leges  quoque  et  consuetudines  ipsius  Sancti  quas  Avus 
ejus    Rex    Elfredus    et    Guthredus   Rex    instituerant,"    and    of   his 


294  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

brother  Edmund's  confirming  them  again. — Reel.  Dunelm.,  II,  xviii. 
"  Sac,  et  Socne,  Tol,  et  Team,  Infangenthef,"  and  "  Wrecch,"  are 
mentioned  in  the  false  charter  of  William  I  printed  in  the  Feodarium, 

p.  lxviii.  The  other  terms  as  here  stated  to  have  occurred  in  the 
inscription  are  corrupt  forms  handed  down  to  the  time  when  the 
inscription  was  made,  and  wrongly  copied,  perhaps  again  and  again, 
by  persons  to  whom  they  were  unfamiliar.  Our  sole  authority  for 
ihem  is  the  MS.  of  1660.  The  Rev.  Charles  Plummer  suggests  a 
possible  reading  something  like  this,  "  Mid  fullum  freodome,  mid 
wrece,  mid  wite  &  were"  (fines  and  wergilds,  or,  perhaps,  "mid 
wrece  &  wite  mid  litware  &  inware,"  though  he  knows  no  authority 
for  this  last  word),  "mid  Sac  et  Socn."  In  any  case,  he  says,  the 
original  cannot  be  as  early  as  the  time  of  Edmund,  and  must  be  a 
forgery. 

Appendix  V,  pp.    144 — 147. 

Libera /lira  special  is,  1510].  Not  collated,  as  the  Bursar's  book  from  which 
it  was  taken  has  not  been  found.  One  great  point  of  interest  about 
this  appendix  is  that  it  gives  us  a  complete  list  of  all  the  servants  of 
the  monastery.  For  other  references  to  Liveries,  see  Rolls,  Index 
under  the  word.  Most  of  the  descriptions  explain  themselves  ;  a 
few  may  require  explanation. 

vtilcc/i}.      Upper  servants. 

popinario\.  Popinarius  is  properly  a  cook  or  victualler.  In  the  Bursar's 
Roll  of  1510-11  we  find  "  Et  in  uno  magno  vase  vulgo  a  mele  pro 
Pompenar'  d'ni,  6d."— Rolls,  p.  661.  In  thai  of  1511-12  Popinario 
seems  to  correspond  to  valecto pron/ptnarii  in  that  of  1536-7,  lb.,  703//. 
The  popinarius  had  a  grow  us  popina?  under  him  ;  see  p.  146. 

calor'].     A  Cater  ;  now  called  a  Caterer  or  provider.      See  Rolls,  902. 

parvce  domus  Bursarii],     This  was  a  sort  of  store-room.     See  Rolls,  Index. 

cowper].  A  couper  ;  one  who  buys  and  sells,  barters  or  deals,  as  does  a 
"  horse-couper." 

barngreiff\.     The  "grave  "  or  steward  of  one  of  the  Abbey  barns. 

growi\.      "  Grooms  "  or  inferior  servants. 

fyshake\.     Not  explained,  unless  it  should  b&fyshare,  fisher. 

sethar\.     Seether  or  boiler.     See  Rolls,  under  Seether,  the. 

box'ler].     A  bolter  ;  one  who  sifts  meal. 

bagman].  See  Rolls,  551,  703  ;  the  Baghorse  is  frequently  mentioned,  see 
Index  to  Rolls.  Bagsaddle  and  Bagsaddletrees  also  occur.  The 
bagman  doubtless  went  about  with  the  baghorse,  but  what  the  bags 
contained  does  not  appear. 

palesser].  The  palicerus,  or  park-keeper,  or  rather,  perhaps,  the  paling- 
keeper.  Sir  Tho.  Gaigrave,  writing  of  the  Old  Park  at  Wakefield 
in  1574,  mentions  "fees  to  the  keeper  and  palester." — J.  J.  Cart- 
wright,  Chapters  in  Hist,  of  Yks.,  1872,  p.  74.  Hence  the  surname 
Pallister,  or  Palliser. 

singyll clothe].  See  below,  "2  singill  pece  contin.  iS  uln.  dowbill."  The 
meaning  is  not  clear.  Perhaps  the  "  single  "  was  of  a  certain 
breadth  and  the  "double  "  twice  the  breadth.  A  piece  of  "  pannus 
striclus  "  contained  1  1  '4  ells  of  "  singill." 


NOTES    ON    THE    APPENDIX.  295 

lailuini i\.    Ol  the  lafomus  or  stone-cutter. 

panni frenerosorum].  The  Rolls  contain  many  particulars  of  these  and  ol 
cloths  for  the  liveries  of  other  officers  and  servants.  See  the  Index 
under  Pannus,  Panni,  Cloth,  Clothes,  and  the  Introduction)  pp.  iii,  v. 

.  .  .  preste\.  Probably  the  priest  who  said  mass  at  Magdalens  and 
Kimblesworth,  and  was  also  schoolmaster,  p.  91. 

sad\.     Cloth  of  sober  hue. 

Appendix  VI,  pp.   148 — 158. 

Indulgent  i<c\.  Dr.  Raine's  abstract  is  here  printed  as  in  the  edition  of 
WS42  without  a  verbatim  collation.  But  a  few  corrections  have  been 
made  from  the  original  MSS.  and  seals.  The  explanation  of 
Indulgences  now  current  is,  that  an  Indulgence  is  "  a  remission  ol 
the  punishment  which  is  still  due  to  sin  after  sacramental  absolution, 
this  remission  being  valid  in  the  court  of  conscience  and  before  God, 
and  being  made  by  an  application  of  the  treasure  o(  the  Church  on 
the  part  of  a  lawful  superior." — Amort,  quoted  in  Addis  and  Arnold's 
Catholic  Dictionary,  1884,  and  in  the  N.  E.  D. 

Galwathice],  Ox  Candida  Casa,  Whithern,  or  Galloway. — K.  Keith, 
Historical  Catalogue  of  the  Scottish  Bishops,  1824,  p.  271. 

sumtna  dierum  cccc  et  xxxfo  dies).  That  is,  the  lawful  superiors  "  applied 
the  treasure  of  the  church  "  to  those  who  contributed  to  the  fabric, 
in  such  a  way  that  430  oi'  the  days  of  canonical  penance  due 
according  to  the  ancient  discipline  of  the  Church  were  relaxed  or 
"excused,"  so  to  speak,  provided  further  that  the  required  con- 
ditions existed  in  each  case,  namely,  to  be  in  a  state  of  grace,  etc. 
Theologians  now  carefully  guard  against  the  idea  that  indulgences 
(as,  e.g.  for  a  year,  or  a  month,  or  forty  days)  had  reference  to 
periods  of  penance  to  be  undergone  in  purgatory.  But  what  ideas 
were  connected  with  them  in  the  popular  mind  in  the  middle  ages  it 
is  perhaps  impossible  for  us  now  to  know. 

Aitgustaldens.].      Of  Hexham. 

//.  Elyens.\     Hugh  Norwold,  bishop  of  Ely  1229-1254. 

Candida  Caste],     Of  Whithern  ov  Galloway. 

Brej'/ic/isis].     Of  Brechin. — Keith,   151). 

I\gduncnst's\.     Probably  for  Enhegdunensis,  </.v.  infra. 

Cataner.sis],     Of  Caithness.  —  Keith,  210. 

Krgtidiensis\.      Of  Argyll.      Keith,  286. 

Alnecrumb\.  Now  Ancrum,  on  the  river  Alne  ov  Ale,  in  Roxburghshire. 
The  Bishops  of  Glasgow  had  a  rural  palace  there. 

Laudocensem],  "  Laodicensis "  on  the  seal,  i.e.  of  Laodicea.— Stubbs, 
Reg.  Sacr.  AngL,  1  Si>j,  p.  195. 

G.  Archiepiscopum].     Godfrey  de  Ludham,  1258  1265. 

Kathhotcnsiiii].     Of  Raphoe.-  Stubbs,  205. 

ArcAadiensem].  Probably  oi  the  Orcades  or  Orkney.  There  was  .1  Peter 
bishop  of  Orkney  in  1270  84.—  Keith,  220. 

Enhegdunensem\.     Of  Enaghdun,  in  Ireland. — Stubbs,  20!^. 


296  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

Appendix   VII,   pp.    159 — 160. 

The  following1  are  the  present  occupants  of*  the  prebendal  houses. 
That  of  Stall  1. — C.  Hodgson  Fowler,  Esq.,  Architect  to  the  Dean  and 
Chapter.  2. — Dr.  Tristram.  3. — Dr.  Farrar.  4. — Dr.  Kynaston.  5. — 
House  destroyed  ;  the  Loft  is  the  Librarian's  room.  6. — Chapter  Offices. 
7. — Dr.  Body.  8. — Choir  School,  etc.  9. — Destroyed.  10. — Archdeacon 
o(  Durham.  11. — Ralph  Simey,  Esq.  12. — Archdeacon  of  Northumber- 
land. 

No.  1.  This  house  probably  represents  also  the  tailors'  shop,  called  le 
Sartre,  or  Sartrina  ;  there  is  still  an  old  walled  garden  at  the  back  of 
it,  and  we  find  mention  of  a  garden  at  the  Sartry  called  Paradise  ; 
this  garden  had  a  wall  round  it.  There  was  also  a  well.— Rolls,  167, 
170,  180,  186. 

Xo.  2.  At  the  back  of  this  house  there  still  remains  the  west  end  of  a 
mediaeval  building  with  two  buttresses.  The  great  kitchen  fire-place 
probably  dates  from  the  sixteenth  century.  On  the  south  side  are 
some  seventeenth-century  windows,  blocked  up.  "  St.  Leonard," 
p.  290,  is  in  the  principal  staircase  window. 

No.  3.     For  the  Guest-hall,  see  ch.  xlvii  and  notes.  In  V.   Bek's  general 

view    of   Durham    (Bodl.    Lib.,    Gough    Maps,  etc.,   7)  is  shown,  as 

occupying  the  site  of  the  guest-house,  a  lofty  mansion  with  a  long 
row  of  dormer  windows. 

Xo.  4.  The  whole  of  the  west  side  of  this  house  up  to  the  floor  of  the  top 
storey  is  ancient,  and  retains  original  buttresses,  shafts  of  garde- 
robes,  etc. 

No.  5.  This  house  was  partly  constructed  in  the  southern  end  of  the  great 
dormitory,  where  some  wall-paper  purposely  left  on  some  of  the 
roof-timbers  shows  where  the  garrets  were.  Some  part  of  the 
adjoining  dormitory  retained  its  tiled  floor,  and  served  as  an  indoor 
playground  for  children  and  for  drying  clothes.  See  ch.  xliii  and 
notes. 

No.  6.     Some  early  walling  remains  in  the  basement. 

No.  7.  In  the  basement  on  the  north  side  is  an  outer  doorway  with  a 
shouldered  arch,  and  there  is  a  similar  doorway  within,  leading  into 
cellarage.  There  is  a  building  at  the  back  about  53  feet  north  and 
south  by  30  ft.  east  and  west,  in  the  eastern  wall  of  which  are 
Decorated  windows  of  two  lights,  and  there  are  buttresses  at  the 
south  end.  On  the  west  side  are  responds  connected  with  the 
arches  named  in  No.  9,  which  abutted  on  this  wall.  The  arms  and 
initials  seen  in  1758  are  not  visible  now,  but  the)'  may  be  concealed. 
"  Sharp's  MS."  has  not  been  identified. 

No.  8.  The  walls  of  this  house  seem  to  be  almost  wholly  original,  and 
there  are  buttresses  on  the  north,  east,  and  south  sides.  It  joins 
No.  7  on  the  West,  and  both  houses  have  the  same  cellarage,  with  a 
row  of  round  columns. 

Xo.  i).  1  he  destruction  of  this  house  has  revealed  some  ancient  arches, 
etc.  ;  these  have  never  been  satisfactorily  identified  with  any  known 
building. 


NOTES    ON    THE    APPENDIX.  297 

No.  10.  The  west  wall  of  this  house  is  ancient  up  to  a  considerable  height, 
and  is  well  seen  from  the  path  below,  with  its  original  buttresses, 
latrine-shafts,  etCt  On  the  east  side  are  some  small  sixteenth  or 
seventeenth  century  windows,  near  the  grounds 

No.  1 1.  The  old  walled  gardens  and  a  fountain,  probably  Dr.  Pickering's, 
still  remain  at  the  back  of  the  house.  There  is  some  walling  of 
uncertain  date  in  the  cellars.  But  on  the  west  side  is  a  building 
about  130  feet  north  and  south  by  40  feet  east  and  west,  with  early 
walls  and  corner  buttresses  up  to  the  top. 

No.  12.  This  house  presents  no  ancient  features.  It  is  said  that  the  lion. 
Anchilel  Grey  ( 1S09-1820)  once  requested  a  .Minor  Canon  not  to  remain 
uncovered  before  him  in  the  open  air,  but  that  the  latter  continued  to 
stand  hat  in  hand,  according  to  the  then  custom  in  the  College. 
The  Minor  Canon,  however,  was  also  Chaplain  of  the  jail,  then  in 
the  old  gateway  at  the  lop  of  Saddler  Street,  where  one  day  Mr. 
Grey  stood  uncovered  before  him,  saying,  "  I  am  within  your 
jurisdiction  now,  Sir." 

Appendix  YIII,   pp.    161  —  168. 

the  person  to  whom,  etc.]     James  Mickleton,  of  the  Inner  Temple,  Esq. 

R.  Galc\.  Doubtless  Roger,  son  of  Thomas  Gale,  the  well-known  scholar 
anil  antiquary,  Dean  of  York  1697  1702.  The  Dean's  sons  Roger 
and  Samuel  were  both  antiquaries. 

a  bishop  that  he  do's  name  not\.  Wood  says  in  A  thence  O.von.,  II,  904 
(ed.  1721):  "The  private  Character  given  of  this  Book  at  its  first 
Publication,  by  a  severe  Calvinist  and  afterwards  a  Bishop,  which 
I  have  seen  written  under  his  own  hand,  runs  thus,  Liber  hie,"  etc., 
as  in  text.  Hearne  gives  the  name  of  the  bishop,  thus,  "  Before  the 
Copy  in  ye  Publick  Library  Bp.  Barlow  has  put  this  Remark,  Liber 
hie,"  etc.  —  Collections,  O.  H.  S.,  I,  95.  The  reference  is  no  doubt  to 
Thomas  Barlow,  bishop  of  Lincoln  1675-91,  who  had  been  Bodley's 
Librarian  1642  60.  Another  person  who  was  afterwards  a  bishop, 
namely  White  Kennell,  bishop  of  Peterborough  1718-29,  writing  in 
1693,  calls  "  Rites"  an  "ignorant  and  pitiful  Legend."  —  Life  of  Mr. 
Somner,  prefixed  to  Brome's  edition  of  Somner  on  Roman  Ports,  etc., 
p.  21.  Another  antiquary  who  was  afterwards  a  bishop,  namely 
William  Nicolson,  bishop  of  Carlisle  1702-18,  shows  a  better 
judgment  in  saying  of  the  edition  of  Da\  ies,  "  Nor  is  this  last 
mention'd  Piece  such  an  ignorant  and  pitiful  Legend,  as  a  very 
worthy  Person  has  represented  it  ;  since  there's  no  where  extant 
SO  lull  ami  exact  an  Account  of  the  Slate  of  this  Cathedral,  at  the 
suppression  of  Monasteries.  The  Author  seems  to  have  been  an 
Eye-witness  of  all  that  pass'd  at  that  time  ;  and  his  Descriptions  of 
such  Matters  as  an1  still  remaining,  appear  to  be  so  nicely  true,  that 
we  have  great  Reason  to  credit  him  in  the  rest." — Nicolson,  English 
Historical  Library,  Pt.  II,  p.   130. 

Hugo    Derlington].        In     1264     he     made     "  magnum     campanile,     organ. 1 

grandiora."   -Graystanes  in  Scr.  Tres,  4b.      For  other  notice-,  of  the 
earlier  organs,  see  Index  to  Rolls. 
John  Brimleis\.      See  note  above,  p.  231. 


298  RITES    OF    DURHAM. 

William  Btvwn].  His  name  appears  in  extant  Treasurers'  books,  1577- 
1604,  bnl  William  Smylhe  comes  in  1594-98.  He  was  a  Petty 
Canon,  and  organist  1588-98.  See  Rolls,  733  and  note.  Robert 
Masterman  appears  in  the  books  1580-81  and  1588-89.  These  two 
appear  lo  have  acled  for  Brown  and  to  have  received  the  payment, 
1 580-98. 

Edward  Smith].  In  the  books  1609-10.  In  1612-13  the  payment  (£10)  is 
entered,  but  no  name  is  given.  Book  1611-12  might  have  named 
William  Smith  the  elder,  and  Dodson,  but  it  is  lost. 

Richard  Hutchinson].  In  the  books  1614  to  1636.  The  books  1637  to  1660 
are  lost,  but  it  is  hardly  likely  that  any  were  kept,  or  that  the 
organist's  place  was  filled  up,  from  the  death  of  Hutchinson  in  1646 
to  the  Restoration  in  1661.  Hutchinson  enjoyed  a  high  reputation  as 
an  organist,  "  praeexcellens  fuit  Organista  "  (Mick.  MS.  32,  fo.  55^.), 
but  he  was  not  always  so  well-conducted  as  might  have  been  wished. 
We  find  in  the  Chapter  Acts  that  "  In  regard  of  Richard  Hutchinsons 
frequent  hauling  of  Aile  houses  and  diuers  other  his  evill  demeanors, 
And  especially  for  the  breaking  of  the  head  of  Toby  Broking  one  of 
the  singing  men  of  this  Church  wth  a  Candlesticke  in  An  Ailehouse, 
wounding  him  verie  dangerously,"  he  was  reprimanded  by  the  Dean 
and  warned  to  expect  expulsion  if  he  did  not  amend. — MS.  Chapter 
Acts,  1  Apr.,  1628,  fo.  66.  On  7th  Ma)'  following,  Henry  Palmer  was 
appointed  as  his  deputy  for  the  tuition  of  the  choristers,  but  he  is 
still  to  be  ready  by  himself  or  his  deputy  to  teach  them  to  play  on 
the  virginals  or  organs  on  certain  days.  And  the  Chapter  pardon 
him  a  certain  debt  of  ^10,  fo.  67.  Leonard  Calvert  appeared  as 
Organist  in  the  Treasurer's  account  of  1634,  according  to  Randall's 
MS.,  but  the  account  book  is  not  now  to  be  found.  Calvert  was 
probably  put  on  as  a  deputy  for  Hutchinson. 
John  Forster].  In  the  books  1661  to  1677.  "  Choristas  docuit  in  Claustris 
Cath.  Eccl.  D."— Mick.  MS.  32,  fo.  552;. 

Alexander  S/iaw\.  In  the  books  as  Organist  1678-80,  with  John  Nichols 
as  Master  of  the  Choristers  for  the  same  time. 

William  Grigg].  William  Greggs  appears  in  the  books  as  Master  of  the 
Choristers  and  Organist  1682-  17 10.  "  It  was  agreed  by  the  Chapter 
on  1st  Dec,  1686,  that  Mr.  Greggs  the  Orgjmist  have  leave  for  three 
months  to  goe  to  London  to  improve  himselfe  in  the  Skill  of 
Musicke."—  Acts  of  Chapter.  "  Choristas  docet  in  Claustris  predictis. 
Qui  Will's  constitutus  Magister  Scholar  pro  piano  Cantu,  et  arte 
scribendi.  Que  quidem  Schola  pro  prefato  Magistro  et  Scholaribus 
suis  situata  est  super  Viretum  Palatii  D.  ibique  edificata  et  fundata  fuit 
per  Tho.  [Langley  26]  Ep'um  D." — Mick.  MS.  32,  fo.  $$v.  On  a  plain 
stone  inserted  in  the  south  wall  of  the  chancel  of  St.  Mary's  in  the 
South  Bailey  is  the  inscription,  "  Here  Lieth  ye  Body  of  Mr  William 
Greggs  Late  Organist  Of  ye  Cathedral  Church  at  Durham  who  died 
ye  15th  day  of  October  1710  in  ye  48  year  of  his  Age  was  Son  of  Jo. 
Greggs  gent,  of  York  &  Sufferer  for  K.  C.  I."  James  Heselline, 
aged  19  years,  succeeded  Greggs  ;  he  died  Jan.  28,  1763,  and  was 
buried  in  the  Galilee.  Thomas  Ebdon  succeeded  in  July  following, 
and  died  "  23^  of  Sept"",  1811,  aged  73,  having  been,  during  48  years, 


NOTES   ON    THE    APPENDIX.  299 

Organist  of  tins  Cathedral"  (Mon.  [nsc.  to  family,  St.  Oswald's 
Churchyard).  Charles  Clarke  was  appointed  November,  1811, 
.nul  wenl  lo  Worcester  in  1814.  William  Henshaw  was  appointed 
November,  1813,  ami  retired  in  January,  1863.  The  presenl 
organist,  Philip  Armes,  Mus.Doc.  Oxon.,  and  Professor  of  Music 
in  the  University  of  Durham,  was  appointed  in  November,  1862. — 
MS.  Randall  (>o,  p.  7-',  corrected  from  Treasurers'  books  and 
Chapter  Acts.  The  notes  in  the  text  from  Brimley  toGreggs  appear 
to  be  translated  from  the  section  "  De  Organistis  "  in  Mick.  MS.  32, 
lo.  55W. 

The  third  pair  of  Organs].  See  above,  ch,  ix.  One  of  the  smaller  organs 
was  given  to  Bishop  Neile  in  1622.  "  Graunted  the  right  hono'able 
the  lord  Bpp.  of  Duresine  one  of  the  lesser  Organes  in  the  Church 
and  he  to  make  Choise  of  the  said  organe." — Chapter  Order.  The 
bishop  would  seem  to  have  chosen  "the  Cryers,"  for  the  White 
Organs  were  played  on  in  1636  and  the  ease  remained  till  1650. 

another  great  Organ  was  made].  Probably  the  one  referred  to  in  1630  in 
the  articles  objected  against  Cosin  and  others  ;  "  you  have  built  a 
new  payre  of  gorgius  organes,  which  have  cost  at  least  700//." — 
Cosin's  Corresp.,  I,  167.  This  organ,  which  is  shown  on  the  north  side 
of  the  choir  in  Hollar's  view  of  the  interior,  was  made  by  Robert 
Dallam,  the  famous  builder  ;  its  "  chair-organ  "  was  removed  to  the 
church  of  St.  Michael-le-Belfrey,  York,  in  1687,  Father  Smith  having 
then  built  a  new  one  for  Durham.  —  Hopkins  and  Rimbaull,  The 
Organ,  Lond.,  1877,  pp.  71,  81.  In  one  of  the  letters  referred  to  in 
the  note  just  below,  on  Father  Smith,  he  says,  "The  littell  cher 
organ  went  to  York  .  .  .  As  for  the  grat  organ,  I  will  sell  at  anny 
rate  as  it  is,  for  to  niak  it  a  good  organ  will  cost  monnes." 

////  r&fi].      It  is  stated  a  little  below  that  they  remained  till    1650. 

Dean  Balean<juail\.  The  Dean  fled  with  precipitation  when  the  Scots 
entered  the  Bishopric  in  1640.  Hence  the  local  saying,  "  Runaway 
Doctor  Bokanki." — The  Bishopric  Garland,  74.  But  it  was  a  little 
hard  on  the  Dean  that  he  should  become  the  subject  of  a  popular 
saying  like  that,  when  both  In-  and  so  many  others  were  plundered, 
sequestered,  and  obliged  to  By  lor  personal  safety,  the  Cathedral 
turned  into  barracks  and  wrecked,  and  the  whole  establishment 
broken  up  until  the  Restoration  in  1O00. 

Bernard  Smith],  Or  Schmidt,  the  celebrated  organ-builder,  born  in 
Germany  about  1630,  and  commonly  styled  "  Father  Smith,"  to 
distinguish  him  from  two  nephews,  and  in  compliment  to  his  abilities. 
The  organ  which  he  made  for  Durham  Cathedral  was  built  under  an 
agreement  with  the  Dean  and  Chapter  dated  August  18th,  1683 
(Misc.  Cart.  5990*).  He  was  to  receive  £700  at  three  several 
payments,  anil  lo  lake  Dallam's  old  organ.  He  was  further  to  have 
£50  for  painting  and  gilding.  He  received  £-33  6s.  8d.  on  the  day 
o\'  the  agreement,  the  same  again  September  21st,  1685.  The 
receipts  for  the  third  payment  .nul  for  the  extra  £50  have  not  been 
found.  There  are  two  very  interesting  letters  from  him,  relating  to 
1  his  business,  in  Surtees  Soc.  Miscellanea,  1861,  i86m.  This  fine 
instrument   was  an    F  organ,   with  quarter   tones,  and  had   nineteen 


3oo 


RITES    OF    DURHAM. 


stops.  The  case,  as  it  stood  on  the  choir-screen  made  at  the  same 
time,  was  a  grand  and  stately  work,  surmounted  by  huge  mitres  and 
the  arms  and  supporters  of  Bishop  Crewe,  now  at  the  Castle.  The 
pipes  were  richly  decorated  with  scroll-work,  cherubs,  and  heraldic 
devices.  In  1747  the  organ  was  altered  by  Jordan,  the  inventor  of 
the  swell,  and  was  then  provided  with  that  adjunct.  For  the 
heraldic  devices  on  the  pipes,  see  Proc.  Soc.  Ant.,  Apr.  16th,  1874,  p. 
177.  On  January  15th,  1748-9,  it  was  "Agreed  to  have  the  Organ 
New  Painted,  Silver'd  &  Lacker'd.  And  that  Smales  the  lame 
Boy  be  Imployed  under  the  Direction  of  Mr.  Taylor  to  do  the  Same, 
Mr.  Taylor  undertakeing  to  gett  all  the  Materials  for  the  Workman- 
ship at  a  Sume  not  exceeding  Twenty  pounds,  and  the  Said  Smales 
Undertakeing  to  do  the  Work  in  a  compleat  manner  for  the  further 
Sume  of  Twenty  pounds." — Chapter  Act  Book  (MS.),  p.  107.  Some 
of  the  armorial  designs  have  been  repainted  in  a  very  unskilful  way, 
and  it  may  be  that  Smales's  work  was  found  to  be  unsatisfactory,  and 
the  old  decoration  allowed  to  remain  where  it  had  not  been  meddled 
with.  It  was  long  the  custom  to  wash  Father  Smith's  pipes  with 
strong  ale  once  a  year  ;  this  gave  them  the  appearance  of  having 
been  varnished.  After  having  been  repeatedly  altered,  and  (in  1847) 
removed  to  the  arch  in  the  quire  where  Bishop  Lightfoot's  tomb  now 
is,  the  old  organ  had  become  unserviceable  in  1873;  the  present  organ 
by  Willis  was  then  provided,  and  set  up  on  both  sides  of  the  quire. 
the  ancient  Song  Schools].  Previously  the  Sacristy  or  "  Segresters  Ex- 
chequer"  ;  see  above,  pp.  18,  97. 

yett  to  be  seen].     Not  now  to  be  found. 

an  Addition  0/ the  editor  John  Davies].     Davies  gives  the  date   1639,  but  •* 

is  1589  in   the   Roll,  our  earliest  iiulhority,  and  in  other  MSS.  and 

editions. 
collected  in  iS9j\-     There  is  no  reason  to  doubt  that  the  whole  work  is  of 

this  date. 
given  by  Prior  Fosser].     It  does  not  appear  on  what  authority,  beyond  that 

of  its  inscription,  founded,  perhaps,  on  an  earlier  one,  this  statement 

is   made.     The   bell   is   not    mentioned   among   Prior   Fossor's   many 

benefactions  recorded  in  Scr.  Tres  and  Appendix  thereto. 
Febr.  1631-2],      There  is  a  Chapter  Order  of  this  date  for  the  bells  to  be 

cast   by  Humfrey   Keyne.     He   belonged   to  a   firm  at  Woodstock. 

— A.  H.  Cocks,  Church  Bells  of  Bucks.,  165. 
built  by  Bp.  Skirlaw].     It  was  the  lantern  at  York,  not  that  at  Durham, 

which  was  in  great  part  built  by  Bishop  Skirlaw. — Scr.  Tres,  144. 
Hugh  Derlington].     It  was  a  much  earlier  campanile  that  was  made  by  this 

Prior.    See  note  above,  p.  297.    The  present  lantern  was  built  c.  1470, 

and  the  belfry  stage  c.  1490. 
D>-  Spark],     See  above,  p.  224. 
v.  p.  67,  68'].     I.e.  of  Daviess  edition. 
came  out  of  Lancashire].     Robert  Oldfield   may  have  been   doing  work  in 

Lancashire  previous  to  his  coming  to  Durham,  but  he  was  doubtless 

the    Robert    Oldfield    connected    with  the  family  of  founders  of  the 

same  name  at  Nottingham.     See  T.  North's  Church  Bells  of  Beds.,  70. 


NOTES    ON    THE    APPENDIX.  301 

St.  Afnrgareftcs  bell\.  The  hells  were  all  recast  in  1693,  and  the  inscriptions 
of  dial  date  arc  given  in  Hutchinson's  Durham,  II,  2  38//. 

Unguis  Griffbnica],  Now  in  the  British  Museum  (not  at  Kensington).  It  is 
the  horn  of  an  ibex,  3  ft.  11  in.  long,  and  S'j  in.  round  the  base,  on 
which  is  a  silver  band  with  the  inscription  ►!<  GRYPH1  vngvis  divo 

CVTHBBRTO  DVNBLMBNS1  SACER.  This  band,  which  seems  to  have 
been  made  in  the  sixteenth  century,  probably  replaces  an  earlier 
one. — Proc.  S.  A.  Loud.,  Feb.  22,  1883.  Among  the  treasures  in 
charge  of  the  Ferctrar  were  "  duo  ungues  griffonis." — Rolls,  426  ; 
see  above,  p.  276. 
buried  il  at  the  foot  of  the  Stairs].  This  is  one  version  of  "the  secular 
tradition,"  which  led  to  a  thorough  exploration  being  made  in  1867, 
when  nothing  was  found.  On  the  traditions,  see  Arcluvologia,  LVII, 
17 — 19,  and  above,  p.  285,  last  note. 

Appendix    IX,  pp.    169 — 170. 

very  probably  his  Effigie],  Nothing  of  the  kind.  It  is  the  effigy  of  a  woman, 
and  the  "purse"  in  her  hand  is  perhaps  a  glove  (Raine,  Brief 
Account,  64//. ).  It  is  more  likely  that  it  is  a  part  of  her  dress.  On  the 
legend  of  Hobb  of  Pelaw,  see  Mctr.  Life  of  St.  Cutliberl,  Intr.  xii. 
Bishop  Philip  "extra  septa  ecclesiae  in  loco  non  consecrato  a  laicis 
sepultus  est." — Scr.  Tres,  26. 

Appendix  X,  p.   171. 
/ paxbrcde].     See  above,  p.  200. 

Appendix  XI,  pp.   172 — 191. 

albis  paratis].  With  appareled  albes.  "Alba  parata,  alba  phrygio  opere 
intexta  ;  brodee  ;  ol.  paree." — D'Arnis. 

cum  psahnis  /a/uiliaribus].     With  the  usual  psalms  ? 

in  /ine  libri].  At  the  end  of  this  Durham  missal.  See  above,  p.  179  ; 
MS.  ff.  486^,  487. 

in  ordinali].  "  Ordinale,  i.e.  Librum,  in  quo  ordinatur  modus  dicendi  et 
solemnizandi  Officium  Divinum." — Lyndwood,  Provinciale,  Lib.  Ill, 
Tit.  27,  Ut  Parochiani.  "  Ordinale  Sarvm,  sive  Directorium  Sacer- 
dotum  (Liber,  quern  Pica  Sarum  vulgo  vocitat  clerusi"  has  been 
reprinted  by  the  H.  Bradshaw  Society  in  two  volumes,  1901,  1902. 

incenset  cereum\.  The  Paschal  candle.  "  Hie  accendatur  cereus  de  novo 
igne,  nee  extinguatur  usque  post  Completorium  diei  sequentis.  Et 
ardebit  cereus  Paschalis  continue  per  hebdomadam  Paschalem  ad 
.Matutinas  et  ad  .Missam  et  ad  Yesperas.  Similiter  tiat  in  Octavis 
Paschae,"  etc. — Sarum  Missal,  Burntisland,  1861-83,  l"°'-  34Jt« 


NOTH    ON     THE    SUNDAY     PROCESSION. 

By  W.  H.  St.  John   Hope,  M.A. 

Tlie  Sunday  procession  took  place  before  high  mass  after  the  benedictio 
aqucE,  and  consisted  in  visiting  and  sprinkling  with  holy  water  all  the 
altars  in  the  church,  and  the  various  building's  grouped  round  the  cloister, 
concluding  with  a  "  station  "  before  the  great  rood  in  the  nave. 

During  the  procession,  in  which  the  whole  convent  took  part,  an 
anthem  was  sung,  and  at  the  station  before  the  rood  the  bidding  prayer 
was  said,  followed  by  the  Lord's  Prayer,  etc.  and  prayers  for  the  dead. 
The  procession  then  passed  on  to  the  quire,  singing  a  respond  the  while  ; 
and  the  whole  was  concluded  with  a  collect  said  in  quire. 

We  have  no  information  how  the  Sunday  procession  was  done  at 
Durham,  but  the  minute  directions  in  the  Salisbury  processiounle  and  the 
Cistercian  consuetitdines  help  us  to  understand  what  was  the  usual  practice. 
The  route  here  suggested  can  therefore  only  be  regarded  as  a  possible  one. 

For  the  blessing  of  the  water,  a  procession  had  already  entered  and 
taken  its  place  before  the  high  altar,  consisting  of  the  priest  for  the  week, 
with  the  gospeller  and  epistoler,  the  censer  and  the  two  taperers,  and  an 
acolyte  bearing  the  cross,  together  with  two  boys,  one  carrying  salt  and 
the  water  to  be  hallowed,  the  other  the  book  for  the  priest  to  read  from. 
The  monks  and  novices  occupied  their  places  in  quire. 

After  the  blessing  of  the  water,  which  was  done  in  the  presbytery 
before  the  altar-steps,  the  priest  went  up  to  the  altar  and  sprinkled  it.  He 
then  passed  through  the  north  door  of  the  "French  Peere "  into  St. 
Cuthbert's  Feretory,  and,  after  sprinkling  the  little  altar  at  the  head  of  the 
shrine,  returned  into  the  presbytery  through  the  south  door.  In  descending 
the  altar  steps  the  priest  sprinkled  the  ministers  and  others  who  had 
entered  with  him,  beginning  with  the  cross-bearer  ;  then  coming  down  to 
the  quire  step  he  sprinkled  the  convent.  During  the  giving  of  the  holy 
water,  an  anthem  was  sung  by  the  monks. 

The  procession  then  went  out  in  the  appointed  order  with  the  priest 
attended  by  the  ministers  in  front,  followed  by  the  novices  and  monks, 
through  the  north  quire  door,  and  turned  westward  down  the  aisle  into  the 
north  transept.  Here  the  three  altars  were  sprinkled,'  beginning  with  that 
of  SS.  Nicholas  and  Giles  on  the  north,  then  that  of  St.  Gregory,  and  lastly 
St.  Benedict's  altar.  The  procession  then  returned  up  the  aisle,  passing 
(i)  beneath  the  porch  at  its  west  end,  (ii)  the  altar  of  St.  Blaise  at  Bishop 
Skirlaw's  tomb,  and  (iii)  under  the  Anchoridge  on  the  north  of  St.  Cuth- 
bert's shrine.  That  St.  Blaise's  altar  was  duly  sprinkled  there  can  be  no 
question,  but  whether  the  priest  mounted  to  the  two  little  altars  up  aloft  is 
uncertain.      Descending    the   steps    into    the    Nine    Altars,    the    procession 


1  It  is  open  to  question  whether  these  altars  were  visited  at  the  beginning  or  the  end  of 
the  procession.  I  am  inclined  to  think  they  would  be  visited  first,  seeing  what  ample  space 
there  is  in  the  transept  for  the  procession  to  turn  round. 


NOTE   ON    THE    SUNDAY    PROCESSION.  303 

visited  each  of  the  altars  in  turn,  and  finally  turned  westward  again  under 
iIh>  Black  Rood  of  Scotland,  down  the  south  aisle,  by  Bishop  Hatfield's 
altar,  which  was  sprinkled  in  passing  (perhaps  the  priest  included  also 
the  vestry  altar  in  passing),  and  so  on  to  the  south  transept.     Here  the 

three  altars  of  Our  Lady  of  Houghal,  Our  Lady  of  Bolton,  and  SS.  Faith 
and  Thomas  were  duly  sprinkled,  and  then  the  procession  continued 
westward  into  the  south  aisle  of  the  nave  and  passed  out  into  the  cloister 
through  the  eastern  door.  It  traversed  in  turn  tin-  east,  south,  and  wesl 
alleys  of  the  cloister,  the  priest  sprinkling  on  his  way  the  entries  of  (i)  the 
parlour,  (ii)  chapter  house,  (iii)  prior's  lodging,  (iv)  frater,  (v)  common  house, 
anil  perhaps  (vi)  the  passage  to  the  farmery,  and  lastly  (vii)  the  dorter. 
The  procession  then  re-entered  the  church  by  the  western  cloister  door, 
and  turning  to  the  left  between  the  sanctuary  grate  and  tin-  altar  of  the 
Bound  Rood,  passed  into  the  Galilee,  the  last  place  visited  before 
returning.  Here  the  shrine  and  altar  of  tin-  Venerable  Bede,  the  altar  of 
Our  Lady  in  the  middle,  and  that  of  Our  Lady  of  Pity  were  visited  in  turn  ; 
and  perhaps  a  short  station  made  before  the  principal  altar.1  The 
procession,  now  returning1,  left  the  Galilee  by  its  north-east  doorway, 
traversed  the  aisle  past  the  altar  of  the  Saviour  on  the  left  hand  and  that 
of  Our  Lady  of  Pity  on  the  right,  and  then  turned  into  the  nave.-  Here  the 
station  was  made  before  the  great  Rood  above  the  Jesus  Altar,  the 
convent  standing  in  files  on  either  side  with  the  ministers  in  a  row  down 
the  middle.  The  stones  marking  the  places  of  this  station  remained  at 
York,  Lincoln,  and  Wells,  until  displaced  by  eighteenth-century  repavings, 
and  they  still  exist  under  the  turf  in  the  nave  of  Fountains  Abbey.3  Before 
the  station  was  ended,  the  priest  sprinkled  the  Jesus  Altar  and  that  in  the 
Neville  Chapel.  When  the  procession  was  continued,  it  passed  straight  on 
through  the  doorways  right  and  left  of  the  Jesus  Altar,  "  called  the  two 
roode  dores,  for  the  Prosession  to  goe  furth  and  eomme  in  at,"  and 
uniting  under  the  crossing,4  re-entered  the  quire  by  its  western  door,  when 
every  member  of  the  convent  took  his  own  place  again. 

It  will  be  seen  from  the  plan  that  if  the  above  be  the  way  in  which  the 
Sunday  procession  was  actually  carried  out  at  Durham,  every  altar  would 
be  visited  in  turn,  and  the  whole  of  the  church  and  cloister  was  traversed. 
The  places  of  the  various  doorwavs  and  screens  are  also  fully  accounted 
for. 


1  Sec  note  on  Galilee,  p.  229. 

-  It  is,  of  course,  quite  as  likely  that  after  leaving  the  Galilee  tin-  procession  turned  i>>  the 

right  ami  passed  up  the  nave  between  the  altars  of  the   Bound   Rood  and  Our   Lad]    of  Pity, 

which  would  then  he  respectively  sprinkled. 

3  See  plan  in  Hope's  paper  in  Yks.  Arcfueol.  JruL,  vol.  XV,  p.  402  ;  and  his  note,  ib., 
p.  308.  At  Canterbury  there  were  two  parallel  lines  cut  in  the  pavement  for  the  same 
purpose.  References  given  are.  Drakes  Eboracum,  1736,  pp.  493.  51c)  ;  Camden's  Britannia, 
ed.  K.  Cough,  1789.  ii,  pi.  viii,  p.  256,  and  second  edition,  1806,  ii,  pi.  \i,  p.  ;t>S  ;  an  un- 
published plan  ot  Wells  Cathedral  made  tor  the  Society  of  Antujuaries  by  John  Carter  in 
1799  :  Costliny  s  li'alk  in  Canterbury*  second  edition,  1777,  p.  203. 

*  If  the  three  north  transept  altars  were  not  sprinkled  until  the  end  of  the  procession. 
the}    would  Ik-  visited  at  this  point  of  the  proceedings  before  the  convent  reentered  the  quire. 


BOOKS  MENTIONED  IN  THE   TEXT  OF   RITES. 


The  history  of  the  Church  at  large,  4,  57,  58,  106,  244,  288. 

The  antient  history  (Scriptores  /res  P),  7,  45,  198,  233. 

A  maruelous  faire  booke  which  had  the  Epistles  and  Gospells  in  it  .  .  . 
wch  booke  did  serue  for  the  pax  in  the  masse,  8,  200. 

An  excellent  fine  booke  uerye  richly  couered  with  gold  and  siluer  con- 
teininge  the  names  of  all  the  benefactors  towards  St.  Cuthbert's 
church  (the  Liber  Vitce),  16,  208. 

Another  famous  booke  :  as  yett  extant  conteining  the  reliques  Jewels 
ornaments  and  uestments  that  were  giuen  to  the  church,  17,  208. 

Ye  recordes  of  ye  Church  of  Durham,  21. 

My  ould  booke,  21. 

Ould  written  Docters  and  other  histories  and  ecclesiasticall  writers,  31,  220. 

Dyuers  bookes  written  of  ye  lyffe  &  miracles  of  that  holy  confessor  Cuth- 
bert  partlie  written  by  the  Irishe,  partly  by  english  men,  and  partlie 
by  scottishe  men,  35. 

Beede  .   .  .  his  booke  wch  he  wrote  of  ye  liffe  and  miracles  of  St  Cuth  :  35. 

Of  the  cummyng  of  St  Cuth  :  into  Scotland,  ■$$,  223. 

The  actes  of  ye  B.,  43,  228. 

The  discription  of  ye  staite  of  ye  church  of  Durhm,  46,  234. 

Ye  Historie  of  ye  monasticall  Church,  49,  236. 

Ye  historie  of  St  Bede,  50. 

My  other  booke,  54. 

Certain  old  written  bookes  of  records  of  Evidence  of  the  Monasticall  house 
of  Durham,  78. 

A  Copie  of  the  foundation  of  the  hospitall  of  Greatham,  78,  256. 

Books  in  almeries  over  against  the  Carrells,  antient  Manuscripts,  old 
auncyent  written  Docters  of  the  Church,  prophane  authors,  dyuerse 
holie  mens  wourkes,  83,  263. 


INDEX, 

WITH    WHICH    ARK    INCORPORATED   A   GLOSSARY    AND   A 
FEW    ADDITION'S   AND    CORRECTIONS. 


All  words  printed  in  bold-faced  type  are  explained  here  or  in  the  Notes, 
pp.  193—301.  Numbers  marked  by  an  asterisk  mean  that  there  are  two  or 
more  references  on  the  same  page. 


"  Abbey,"  use  oi'  term,  246. 
Abbev,  west  gateway  oi\  221. 
Abbey  church,  held  to  be  one  o(  the 

richest  in  England,  106. 
Abbey  church  door,  107. 
Abbey  garth,  or  yard,  62,  89,   105, 

24b,  2SS. 
Abbey  gates,  91*,  100,  105,  273  ;  the 

principal    gateway,    leading    from 

the  Bailey. 
Abbey  Dore,  perpent  walls  at,  195. 
Abbeys,   six,   founded   and   repaired 

by     St.     Ethelwold,     130  ;      nine, 

founded  by  Thurstan,  128. 
Abbot,  275'. 

Abbot's  Maundy,  256,  257. 
Abbots,  names  of,  133. 
Abel,    bishop   of  St.    Andrews,    148, 

Aberdeen,  Register  of,  341,  345. 
Aberdeen,    Old,    church    of  St. 

Machar  in,  343. 
Abingdon,   abbot   of,    130  ;    account 

Rolls  of,  196,  202,  246;  charnel  at, 

246;    cressets    at,    196;    great    O 

pittance    at,    270  ;    monastery    of, 

130  ;  nigra  crux  at,  216. 
Abraham,  Isaac,  and  Jacob  referred 

to,  123. 
Abrincensis  (misprinted  Abricensis), 

Joannes  (of  Avranches),  233. 

Absolon,  233  ;    Prior,  233. 
Absolution  on  Ash  Wednesday,  177  ; 

on  Maundy  Thursday,  185. 
Aii  omits  made  to  bursar,  99. 
Acolyte,  302. 
Acta     SS.     Bollandiana,     237,     239, 

250  ;  Ord.  Bened.,  234. 
Acts  of  the  Bishops,  43,  22S,  304. 

Adamnan,  St.,  133;   his  Life  oi  St. 

Columba,  249. 
Adams,   Dr.  Fitzhei  bei  t,   160. 

Adda,  133. 

20 


Addis  and  Arnold,  Catholic  Diction- 
ary, 268,  295. 

Adrianus,  S.,  134,  135. 

Adrianus  IV,  pope,  123,  344. 

Advent,  276. 

Advent  anthems,  283. 

Aelred  of  Rievaulx,  215. 

.rEthelwulf  (Eldulfus),  king,  136. 

Afternoon  studies,  83. 

Against,  in  preparation  for,  101. 

Agalia  (near  Toledo),  128. 

Agatha's,  St.,  (Easby),  frater  pulpit 
at,  260  ;  misericorde  at,  268  ;  rere- 
dorter  at,  266. 

Agnus  Dei,  m,  113*,  120. 

Aidan,  St.,  54,  67,  72,  129,  131  ;  acts 
of,  141  ;  altar  oi,  121,  292  ;  head 
of,  288  ;  head  and  bones  of,  142  ; 
image  of,  106,  288  ;  life  of,  132, 
141  ;  represented  in  glass,  48,  116, 
118,  121  ;  set  over  both  bishop's 
see  and  the  congregation  of 
monks,  132,  141  ;  soul  of,  seen  by 
St.  Cuthbert  carried  to  heaven  by 
angels,  133,  142  ;  see  Cuthbert. 

Aire,  river,  341. 

Alabaster,  imager\'  in,  6,  7,  19S  ; 
table  of,  40,  225  ;  worked  at  Not- 
tingham, 223. 

Alabaster  box,  112;  effigy  of  bishop 
Hatfield,  19,  211. 

Alan,  bishop  of  Argyll,  132*. 

Albae  paratae,  170,  1S3,  187,301. 
Albans,   St.,   visiting   cemetery   at, 

2(H). 

Albes,    57,    98,     118,     171,     172,    179, 

189,  221  ;   see  Alba;. 
Albums,  B.  F.,  233. 
Albinus,  bishop  oi  Brechin,   131,  133. 
Albinus,  S.,   133,  134. 
Alchfrith,  see  Alfred. 
Alcuill    Club   Traits,    199,    201,    205, 

221. 


^o6 


INDEX. 


Alcuinus,  B.  F.,  255. 

Aldelmus,  S.,  130. 

Aldhune,  bishop,  54,  55,  74,  131,  143, 
240,  242,  254  ;  acts  of,  143  ;  his 
church,  67,  72,  73,  250,  251  ;  do., 
all  now  gone,  250 ;  do.,  had  a 
succession  of  six  bishops  in  it,  72  ; 
do.,  and  the  White  church,  249  ; 
250  ;  see  More  kirk  ;  his  coming, 
67,  249  ;  his  death,  67,  72,  249  ; 
his  flight  with  the  body  of  St. 
Cuthbert,  65  ;  hallows  the  More 
kirk,  67,  72,  249 ;  hastens  the 
finishing  of  his  church,  71  ;  ordains 
the  see  to  be  in  Durham,  67, 
72,  249 ;  represented  in  glass, 
48  ;  said  to  have  made  a  Dun  Cow, 

74.  254- 

Aldin  Grange,  214. 

Aldred,  glossator,  248. 

Aldunus,  Aldwinus,  see  Aldhune. 

Ale  or  Alne,  river,  295. 

Ale,  organ  pipes  washed  with,  300. 

Ale  and  cakes,  89. 

Aledravver  (gromus),  146. 

Alehouses,  298. 

Alexander,  king  of  Scots,  21 ;  named 
thrice,  20. 

Alexandria,  J26. 

Alford  near  London,  243. 

Alfred  the  Great,  42,  50,  131,  137, 
138,  142,  227,  236,  293. 

Allan,  George,  xii,  xiii  ;  his  Collec- 
tion of  tracts,  209,  240,  253,  286  ; 
Durham  and  its  environs,  255,  264. 

Allerton,  North,  Hospital  of,  73, 
253  ;  see  Alverton. 

Alley,  3,  31,  etc.,  a  walk  or  passage 
in  a  church.  There  is  a  mixture 
of  the  senses  of  Alley,  from  Old 
Fr.  alee,  connected  with  aller, 
to  go  or  walk,  and  Aisle,  from  Old 
Fr.  ele,  from  Lat.  a/a,  wing.  A 
church  may  have  a  middle 
alley,  and  an  alley  in  each  aisle, 
but  to  call  the  nave  "  the  middle 
aisle  "  is  wrong. 

Alley,  75,  78,  83*  ;  a  side  of  the 
cloisters. 

Alley,  cross,  of  Lantern,  20,  212  ; 
the  east,  of  the  Cloisters,  169. 

Alley,  lantern,  the  cross  alley  in  the 
midst  of  the  church,  37  ;  north,  of 
body  of  church,  37-40,  109  ;  do., 
of  lantern,  22,  29,  1 1 1  ;  do.,  of 
quire,  17,  18*,  22,  115,  164;  do., 
of  do.,  porch  in,  208  ;  south,  of 
body  of  church,  40,  no;  do.,  of 
lantern,  30,  113,  218;  do.,  of 
quire,  18,  19*,  25,  1 16. 

Alley,  bowling,  88,  270. 


Alley  end,  3,  196. 

Alleys,  in  Nine  Altars,  2,  194,  196. 

Almeries,  5,  13,  304  ;  aumbries, 
lockers,  Lat.  almarium,  same  as 
armarium  ;  see  Ambry. 

Almery,  91*,  92  ;  the  almonry  or 
"  aumerev,"  called  "  Almerv  or 
Loft." 

Almery,  children  of,  cleaned  the 
Paschal,  17,  209  ;  had  their  meat 
from  the  novices'  table,  91,  92, 
274  ;  at  the  monks'  Maundy,  257  ; 
read  the  psalter  by  the  dead,  52*, 
238  ;  their  refectory,  159  ;  were 
taught  and  maintained,  91*,   273. 

Almesse,  Almose,  91  ;  alms. 

Almoner,  146,  264,  275  ;  see  Ele- 
mosinarius. 

Alms,  monastic,  question  con- 
cerning, 273. 

Almsbox  in  Galilee,  233. 

Alnecrumb,  153,  295. 

Alphege,  S.,  archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury (Elphegus),  127. 

Alquinus,  S. ,  134. 

Altar,  carpet  before,  172,  175,  180  ; 
of  Anchorage,  17,  302  ;  of  Bound 
Rood,  41,  226,  303,  303;?.  ;  at 
bishop  Hatfield's  tomb,  19,  211, 
303  ;  the  high,  or  great,  7,  8,  9, 
12,  13,  14,  17,  22,  73*,  98,  150,  187, 
279,  280  ;  book  chained  to,  208  ; 
dedications  of,  199  ;  of  Holy 
Rood  (Scae.  Crucis),  155*,  156, 
226  ;  of  Our  Lady,  43,  44*,  194, 
230,  232,  303 ;  of  Our  Lady  of 
Bolton,  30,  31*,  113,  219,  290,  303  ; 
of  Our  Lady  of  Houghal,  30,  113, 
219,  290,  303  ;  of  Our  Lady  of 
Pity  in  the  north  alley  of  the  nave, 
38*,  39,  41,  223,  224,  226,  303  ;  of 
Our  Lady  of  Pity  in  the  Galilee, 
44,  233*,  235,  303,  303«.  ;  of  Jesus, 
32,  34.  37*.  4°-  io4.  !98>  212,  221, 
244,  303  ;  the  Nevilles',  40*,  303  ; 
peculiar,  in  Revestry,  19,  212,  303  ; 
of  St.  Aidan  (and  St.  Helen),  2, 
58,  121,  244,  292  ;  St.  Andrew  and 
St.  Mary  Magdalene,  1,  120,  154, 
193  ;  St.  Bede  in  Galilee,  44,  46, 
235,  303  ;  St.  Bede  (SS.  Cuthbert 
and  Bede)  in  Nine  Altars,  2  ;  St. 
Benedict,  18,  22,  23,  112,  210,  302  ; 
St.  Blaise,  18,  302  ;  St.  Cuthbert, 
210  ;  St.  Cuthbert  and  St.  Bede, 
1,  2,  118,  119,  120 ;  St.  Fides,  113  ; 
St.  Fides  and  St.  Thomas,  31, 
303  ;  St.  Giles,  112  ;  St.  Gregory, 
23,  112,  302;  St.  Jerome  and  St. 
Benedict,  124*  ;  St.  John  Baptist 
and  St.  Margaret,  1,  120,  154,  193  ; 


INDEX. 


307 


do.,  inventory  of,  171  ;  St.  Martin, 
2;  St.  Man iii  ami  St.  Edmund, 
120;  St.  Michael,  2,  122,  103  ;  St. 
Nicholas  and  St.  Giles,  20,  302  ; 
St.  Oswald  and  St.  Laurence,  1, 
1  19  ;  St.  Peter  and  St.  Paul,  2, 
121  ;    St.    Saviour,    38,    224,    303; 

St.  Thomas  of  Canterbury  and  St. 
[Catherine,  1,  119  ;  little,  at  end  of 

Shrine  of  St.  Cuthbert,  4,  197, 
302  ;  Skirlawe's,  t8,  302. 

Altars,  five,  dedicated,  151,  152,  153, 
193  ;  in  Galilee,  perhaps  moved, 
233  ;  keys  of,  locked  up,  98  ;  the 
Nine,  16  ;  in  sacristies,  212  ; 
sprinkling'  of,  302,  303  ;  stripping 
and  washing  of,  253  ;  three,  in 
north  transept,  23,  1 12,  302, 
303;/.  ;  three,  in  south  transept, 
113;  two,  dedicated,  154  ;  visited 
in  procession,  302,  303  ;  used  for 
laving  out  vestments,  212. 

Altar-bread,  171,  279;  making  of, 
27S. 

Altar-cloths,  171*;  steps,  302;  stone, 
remains  of,  38,  224. 

Aluredus  Rex,  see  Alfred. 

Alverton  (Northallerton),  church  of, 
138  ;  mora  de,  12S. 

Alvertonshire,  138,  141. 

Amalarius  de  Div.  Off.,  255. 

Amanchoridge,  17,  208. 

Amandus,  S.,  132. 

Ambrose,  St.,  16,  112,  120. 

Ambry,  an  aumbry,  almery,  amber, 
amrye,  i.e.  a  cupboard,  or  locker, 
either  fixed  against  a  wall,  or  in  a 
recess,  sometimes  standing  free. 
Lat.  armarium,  originally  a  place 
for  tools  (arma)  ;  having  divers 
ambries  within  it,  81  ;  long,  for 
crosier  or  cross,  193  ;  where  keys 
were  kept,  9S  ;  for  towels,  79,  82, 
257,  262*  ;  within  north  quire 
door,  279. 

Ambries,  of  all  the  altars,  9S  ;  for 
books,  83,  260,  262,  264,  304  ;  in 
frater,  80,  81,  258*  ;  in  Galilee, 
44,  193,  232  ;  by  Jesus  Altar,  32  ; 
in  Nine  Altars,  1,  2,  5,  193,  197  ; 
opened  for  visitors,  5  ;  by  shrine 
of  St.  Cuthbert,  13,  205  ;  in 
treasury,  263. 

Amherst,  A.,  on  gardening,  289. 

Amice,  221. 

Ammonius,  S.,  134. 

Amort,  on  Indulgences)  295. 

Analogium,  1 7 < > ;  the  desk  for  the 
Hook  of  the  Gospels. 

Anasialii,  S.,  abbas,   123. 


Anastatius,  S.,  abbey  of,  125.  Now 
"  Abbadia  delle  tre  Fontane,"  in 
Ihe  outskirts  of  Rome,  a  Cister- 
cian monastery  whose  first  abbot 
became    Pope    Eugenius    III,    in 

1 '  45- 

Anastatius  IV,  pope  (miscalled 
"  Athanasius  "),  43,  229. 

Ancestors,  images  of,  15. 

Anchorage,  17,  208,  302. 

Anchorite,  248. 

Ancient  history,  the,  7,  198,  45,  233. 

Ancient  Memorial,  23. 

Ancients,  6,  25,  95*,  198,  216. 

Ancrum,  295. 

Andegava  (Angers),  132,  133. 

Andrew,  bishop  of  Argyll,  156. 

Andrew,  St,,  116,  117,  120. 

Andrew,  St.,  chapel  of,  on  Elvet 
Bridge,  253. 

Andrews,  St.,  archbishops  of;  see 
Abel,  Lamberton,  Landal,  Turgot. 

Angels,  15,  112,  113,  114*,  121*, 
122*  ;  bearing  arms  of  noblemen 
on  breasts,  121  ;  carrying  St. 
Aidan's  soul,  121  ;  censing,  116; 
figures  of,  in  Rood  group,  221  ; 
helping  St.  Katherine,  1 19  ;  hold- 
ing shields,  120;  Orders  of,  32, 
122,  220,  292  ;  receiving  blood  and 
water,  1 14. 

Angers  (Andegava),  132,  133. 

Angle,  1,  31,  40,  46,  58,  83,  225,  229. 
"An  outlying  spot  or  'corner,' 
without  reference  to  shape.  " 
— N.E.D.  under  Angle,  4. 

Anglia  Sacra,  230. 

Anglo-Saxon  poem,  197. 

Anima  (skull)  of  St.  Oswald,  49, 
236. 

Anne,  St.,  111,  115. 

Annunciation,  represented  in  glass, 
47.  122. 

Anselm,  St.,  127. 

Anthem,  Anglican,  origin  of,  268. 

Antick  work,  10  ;  grotesque,  fantas- 
tic work. 

Antioch,  126. 

Antiochia  (Mvgdoniae,  in  Mesopo- 
tamia), 132. 

Antiquaries,  Society  of,  303N. 

Anti-types,  196. 

Antony,  St.,  134. 

Anvil  base,  246. 

Apostles,  images  of  on  brasses,  2, 
l5>  29,  30;  four,  122  ;  twelve, 
represented  on  St.  Cuthbert's 
coffin,  285  ;  on  stone  screen,  33. 

Apostolic  Constitutions,  200. 

Apparel,  found  lor  themselves  by 
monks,  97. 


3o8 


INDEX. 


Appendix,    109-191  ;    notes  on,  289-  1 
301. 

Apprentice  carver,  146  ;  mason,  146. 
Arbipellis,  242,  243. 
Arbre  de  Meistre,  335. 
Archadiensis,  154,  295. 
Archasologia,  xxi,  196,  200,  212,  220, 

225,  226,  236,  241,  258,  261*,  270*, 

2S3,  285*,  286*,  301;  341. 
Archaeologia  .^Eliana,  215,  253. 
Archaeological  Association  Journal, 

195- 

Archaeological  Institute  Journal, 
213,   239,   246,   266*,   277,323. 

Archangels,  122*  ;  on  St.  Cuthbert's 
coffin,  285  ;  by  Mary  and  John, 
34,  221  ;  names  written  on  wing's 
of,  122. 

Archbishops,  names  of,  126. 

Archdeacon,  188*,  210;  prior  Turgot 
made,  67,  72, 

Archer,  Gabr.,  x  ;  Joh.,  x. 

Arches  in  prebendal  house,  296 ; 
under  steeple,  92. 

Archibald,  bishop  of  Moray,  154. 

Ardbraccan,  254. 

Argyll  (Ergadiensis),  bishops  of,  see 
Alan,  Andrew. 

Aringhi,  Roma  Subterranea,  315. 

Aries,  127*. 

Armagh,  archbishops,  see  Malachi. 

Armes,  Dr.  Philip,  299. 

Arms  attributed  to  Saints,  116,  290  ; 
on  bells,  166*,  167*  ;  of  bishops 
and  others  in  cloisters,  77,  254, 
255  ;  certain,  119  ;  of  the  church, 
166*,  167  ;  divers,  121*  ;  of  Our 
Lady,  170;  in  little  panes,  121. 

Arras,  in  Belgium,  269. 

Arsenius,  S.,  134. 

Artificers,  monastic,   275. 

Arundel  MS.,  272. 

Arundell  Stairs,  161. 

Arvernia  (Auvergne),  133. 

Ascension  Day,  13,  95  ;  procession 
on,  105,  106  ;  Wednesday  after, 
10  ;  ceremonial  of,  175-179. 

Ashes,  blessing  of,  177  ;  on  heads 
of  penitents,  178*. 

Ashe,  Oliver,  231. 

Ashlar  work,  288. 

Aspersion,  172,  174,  179,  181,  182, 
186. 

Asser  ad  pacem,  200. 

Assimilated  work,  252. 

Assumption,  feast  of,  7  ;  represen- 
tation of,  47. 

Asterisks,  use  of,  xxi. 

Atchley,  Culhbert,  220. 

Athanasius,  St.,  126. 


"  Athanasius "       (Anastatius      IV), 

pope,  43,  229. 
Athelstan    (Ethelstanus),    king,    20, 

21,  137*.  293- 

Atkinson,   Cleveland  Glossary,   249. 

Attic  story,  159. 

Auckland,  141,  152. 

Auckland,  John,  Prior,  34,  54,  222. 

Audley,  Alice  de,  244. 

Audomarus,  S.,  130. 

Augustaldensis,  149,  295. 

Augustine,  St.,  16,  120,  124. 

Augustinus  (Cantuar.),  S.,  126,  12S. 

Aulae  gromus,  146. 

Aumbrye,  see  Ambry. 

Aumerey,  91,  273;  the  almonry  or 
"  alniery." 

Aungier,  G.  J.,  Hist,  of  Syon,  287. 

Aurelia  (Orleans),  130. 

Ausbertus,  S.,  128. 

Austerity  of  monks,  101,  283. 

Austregesilus,  S.,  128. 

Autisiodorum  (Auxerre),  129. 

Autun  (Augustodunum,  in  the  dis- 
trict of  the  JEdu\),  133. 

Auvergne  (Arvernia),  133. 

Auxerre  (Autisiodorum),  129. 

Bachelors  styled  "  Ds.,"  284. 

B.,  J.,  xii,  xiii. 

Back  house,  39,  the  bake-house. 

Bacstanford,  252. 

Baddely,  Rd.,  159. 

Baeda,  see  Bede. 

Baghorse,  294. 

Bagman,  146,  294. 

Bagsaddle,  294. 

Bagsaddletrees,  294. 

Bagshaw,  Dr.  H.,  160. 

Bailey,  the  ballium  or  part  of  Dur- 
ham lying  between  the  abbey  wall 
and  the  outer  wall ;  Mrs.  Whitting- 
ham's  house  in,  61,  246  ;  the 
North,  163,  246,  273,  287,  288  ; 
the  South,  105*,  273,  288. 

Bailie  of  the  town,  107. 

Baiocas  (Bayeux),  133. 

Baites,  George,  see  Bates. 

Bakehouse,  men  of,  39. 

Baker,  Tho.,  xiv. 

Baker  (pislor),  145. 

Baking  irons,  338. 

Balcanquall,  Dean,  163,  299. 

Baldred  of  Rievaulx,  215. 

Baley,  107,  probably  the  bishop's 
bailiff,  who  would  preside  over 
the  citizens  until  they  were  incor- 
porated under  an  alderman  and 
twelve  burgesses  in  1565.  The 
constitution  was  changed  to  that 


INDKX. 


309 


of  a  mayor  and  twelve  aldermen 

in   1602. 

Baley,  South,  see  Bailey. 

Ball  and  cross  in  hand  of  St.  Oswald, 

Ballivus    de    Billingham,     14s ;     de 

Shells,  145. 
Balmerino,  Records  of,  197. 
Bamburgh,  141). 
Banner  of  St.  Cuthbert,  described, 

2b,  i)4,  i)5  ;  of  king  of  Scots,  95*, 

Banners,  b,  25 ;  defaced,  7  ;  of 
occupations,  107,  108*,  288. 

Banner  cloth,  corporax  used  as,  23. 

Banner-staff,  96,  277. 

Banquet,  a  solemn,  89,  270. 

Baptistery,  lavatory  so  called,  261. 

Bar,  Count  of,  228. 

Barbara,  St.,   1 17. 

Barbara,  de  S.,  bishop,  55,  240,  241. 

Barber,  145;  bed  of  dead  man  due  to, 
52,  53  ;  his  duties  and  perquisites 
at  a  death,  51,  52,  53,  237. 

Bardnay,  125;  Bardney  in  Lincoln- 
shire. 

Barefoot  pilgrimage,  137. 

Baring-Gould,  Lives  of  Saints,  234. 

Barlaam,  125,  292. 

Barlow,  Tho.,  bishop  of  Lincoln,  297. 

Barnabas,  St.,  285. 

Barnabe  Googe,  287. 

Barnard,  Pet.,  144. 

Barnard  Castle,  Richard  of,  45,  234. 

Barnes,  Mr.  Jo.,  61. 

Barngreiff,  145,  294. 

Barrington,  Lord,  160. 

Barry,  a  chamber,  281. 

Bartholomeus  (Lugd.  Archiep.),  12S. 

Bartholomew,  St.,   117. 

Bartle,  Tho..  165,  166*. 

Barwick,  Dean,  164. 

Base  of  column  cut  awav  for  altar, 
226  ;  cut  away  for  holy-water 
stone,  22 3  ;  cut  off  for  a  "  porch," 
224 ;  moulded,  of"  holy-water 
stone,  224,  22b. 

Basil,  S.,   126. 

Basin  or  Bason,  with  light  before 
the  Sacrament,  14  ;  for  Maundy, 
78. 

Basons,  9,  10,  13,  14,  200,  201,  202, 
206;  of  latten,  within  the  silver 
tines,  14  ;  and  ewers  of  latten, 
81*. 

Basset,  arms  of,  255. 

Bates,  Geo.,  xiv,  78,  94*. 

Bath,  bishops,  see  Burnell. 

Batmanson,  Ric,  146. 

Battenball,  261. 


Battle,  Si.  Cuthbert's  banner  taken 

tO,    26,    1)5,    2  l6. 

Battle  of  Durham,   <>,    [98  ;    of  the 

Standard,   1  28,  293. 
Baudekin,  red,  211. 
Bauderick  and  busk-board,  27';. 
Bayeux  1  Baiocae ),  1 33. 
Bayle,  lien.,  14b. 
Baytes,  George,  see  Bates. 
Beans,  281. 

Beare,  65,  bier,  feretory. 
Bearpark,  29,   145,   14b,  214',  218", 

239- 

Beating  the  bounds,  2S7. 

Beauchamp,  arms  of,  255. 

Beaulieu,  frater  pulpit  at,  2bo. 

Beaumont,  Lewis,  bishop,  14,  59, 
206,  243,  245  ;  brass  of",  320  ;  ib. , 
verses  oi\,  15,  207*. 

Beaurepaire,  see  Bearpark. 

Bee,  127. 

Beck,  Anton)',  bishop,  2,  72,  156, 
243,  244  ;  first  bishop  buried 
within  the  church,  58  ;  tombstone 
of,  194. 

Bedding,  97. 

Bede  or  Ba?da,  the  Ven.  or  St.,  109, 
114,  117,  118*,  129,  134,  149,  169, 
24.7",  270  ;  altar,  relics,  shrine, 
and  tomb  of,  44,  45,  46,  225,   233, 

235,  286  ;  bell  of,  165,  166*  ;  bones 
of,  interred  where  his  shrine  had 
been,  103,  286  ;  compilation  from, 
293  ;  epitaph  on,  46,  235  ;  exposi- 
tions from,  208  ;  a  famed  book- 
man, 234  ;  his  Historia  Abbatum, 
20,3  ;  his  Historia  Ecclesiastica  or 
De  Gestis  Anglorum,  50,  126,  128, 
'3'*.  »32i  '33*i  '36*.  '30.  228, 
236*,  282,  304  ;  Historical  Works 
of,  ed.  Smith,  ibo,  11)7,  27b;  history 
and  legends  concerning  title  of, 
234;  Homilies  of,  234  ;  inscription 
on  later  tomb  of,  235;  narrative 
based  on,  250  ;  notice  of,  136  ;  his 
Opera  Historica,  293;  picture  of", 
in  glass,  48  ;  "  picture  "  of,  in  a 
mazer,  80  ;  relics  of,  13b  ;  shrine 
of,  96,  103,  141,  154,  197,  277,  286; 
do.,  Camden's  story  about,  235  ; 
do.,  carried  in  processions,  105, 
106  ;  do.,  defaced,  103,  286  ;  do., 
marble  stones  from,  103,  286,  287  ; 
tributes  to,  235  ;  his  Vita  S. 
Benedicti  Biscop,  [35,  2t)j,  ;  his 
Vita  S.  Cuthberti,  35,  48,  140,  223, 

236,  2QO,  292,  304  ;    works   of,   13b. 
Bede  s  Howl,  80. 

Bedfordshire  stone,  198. 
Bedlington    bought    by   bishop    Cut- 
heard,   143. 


;io 


IMDEX. 


Beef,  99  ;  and  salt    fish,   steeped   in 

holy-water  stones,  61. 
Bees,  the  work  of,  173,  174. 
Beheading-    of   martyrs,    119,     120*, 

121. 

Bek,  V.,  296. 

Belfry,  the  Galilee,  38,  39,  166  ; 
the  great,  39,  165,  166. 

Bell  for  Chapter  Mass,  98  ;  chipping 
of  a,  165;  a  gilden,  in  frater,  82, 
260  ;  of  laver,  82,  262  ;  little, 
silver  gilt,  171  ;  long  narrow  one, 
165*,  166;  one,  on  Ash  Wednes- 
day, 175  ;  for  the  Salve,  86  ;  for 
Terce,  179. 

Bells,  22,  39,  40,  165-167,  224  ;  of 
St.  Cuthbert's  banner,  26*,  216  ; 
all  rung  on  Easter  Even,  191  ; 
eight,  93  ;  inscriptions  on,  166, 
167  ;  mending  of,  98  ;  recast,  165, 
166,  167  ;  ringing  of,  52  ;  silver, 
on  ropes  of  shrine-cover,  4. 

Bell-ringers,  38*. 

Bell-ringing  ceased  at  the  Sup- 
pression, 39. 

Bell-strings,  98. 

Bell,  Prior,  213,  283. 

Bellett,  his  translation  of  Pelliccia, 
202. 

Bellus  Locus,  157,  a  manor  in 
Westmoreland  belonging  to  the 
bishops  of  Carlisle. 

Bench,  stone,  in  frater,  80,  257  ; 
do.,  for  Maundy,  79*,  257. 

Benedict,  St.,  112,  124*;  bell  of, 
167;  Order  of,  67,  72,  113,  124, 
290  ;  Rule  of,  260,  262,  267*,  268, 
269,  271,  275,  279,  280. 

Benedictines,  267  ;  black  habit  ot, 
289. 

Benedictio  salis  et  aquae,  213,  224, 
302*. 

Benedictus  Biscopp,  S.,  134,  136. 

Benefactors,  pictures  of,  20,  21,  212; 
prayers  for,  98*. 

Benet,  Tho.,  145. 

Bennett,  Mr.,  100,  282  ;  Rob.,  99, 
280,  282. 

Bennett,  St.  (Benedict). 

Benson,  Dr.,  272. 

Bentley,  Ric,  147. 

Berington,  Rob.,  Prior,  23,  213,  287; 
first  obtained  mitre  and  staff,  53. 

Bernicia,  138. 

Bernicii,  132,  133,  142. 

Bertram,  arms  of,  255. 

Bertram,  Prior,  255. 

Berwick,  149,  ;  Sparke,  bishop  suf- 
fragan of,  224,  225,  282,  288. 

Beryl,  crosses  of,  355  ;  fire  struck 
from,  201. 


Betti,   133. 

Beverley,     church     of,     137  ;     Percy 
"  Shrine"  at,  347  ;  round   window 
at,  195  ;  sanctuary  at,  226,  227. 
Bible,  Genevan,  216  ;  great  French, 

246  ;  in  frater,  82. 
Bible  and  Crown,  xvii. 
Bier  for  St.  Cuthbert's  body,  65. 
Bilfrith,  anchorite,  248. 
Billingham,    137  ;  ballivus    de,    145  ; 
barngreiff  de,  145. 

Billings,  Count)'  of  Durham,  253*  ; 
Durham  Cathedral,  Notes  passim. 

Bishop,  bells  rung  for,  39,  224  ;  his 
blessing  asked  for,  182,  1S7  ; 
clerks  of,  188,  191  ;  duties  of,  on 
Easter  Even,  187-191  ;  or  deputy, 
duties  of  on  special  occasions, 
172,  175,  179;  on  Easter  Even, 
187,  190,  191  ;  French,  story  of, 
235;  Register  of,  164;  seat  (throne) 
of,  19  ;  seat  of,  in  chapter-house, 
238  ;  solemnly  vested,  188,  191  ; 
unknown,  121. 

Bishops,  figures  of,  212";  four, 
pictures  of,  119  ;  funerals  of, 
57,  243,  244,  ;  images  of,  and 
inscriptions,  at  quire  door,  139- 
143;  kneeling,  118;  names  of, 
129  ;  of  Durham,  at  first  buried 
in  chapter-house,  54,  55,  56,  57  ; 
met  at  their  funerals  by  Prior  and 
monks,  57  ;  their  names  on  stones 
in  chapter-house,  54,  55,  240- 
242  ;  notices  of,  240  ;  Durham 
and  other,  see  under  their  names. 

Bishopric,  chief  men  of,  259  ;  laws 
of,  293. 

Bishopric  Garland,  299. 

Bishop,  Mr.  Edm.,  248. 

Bishop  Auckland,  243*. 

Bishop  Middleham,  243*. 

Bishopwearmouth,  256. 

Bithynia,  131. 

Bituricas  (Bourges),  128*. 

Black  Book  of  Lincoln,  203. 

Black  habit,  118. 

Black  Rood  of  Scotland,  18,  19,  25, 

215-  303- 

Black  Roods,  the  two,  215,  216,  287. 

Blades,  Geo.,  163. 

Blanchland  (Alba  Landa),   [49. 

Bland,  Geo.,  Archdeacon  of  North- 
umberland, 159. 

Bleeding,  270. 

Bleeding-house,  270. 

Blessing  of  palms  and  branches, 
180;  of  salt  and  holy  water,  172, 
179,  182. 

Blessings  asked  tor,  182,   187*. 


INDEX. 


3" 


Blewe  marble,  the  blue-grey  lime- 
stone from  Wear  dale  and  Tees- 
dale. 

Blind,  St.  Paul  struck,  121. 

Blodius,  171,  blue. 

Blood,   waves   turned   into,  65,    70, 

247. 
Bloody  hands  and  face,  112. 
Blount,  Glossographia,  320. 
Bloxam,   Gothic    Architecture,   205, 

20S,  24b. 
Blue   armour    of   St.    George,    116, 

200. 
Blue  bed  holden  over  grave,  ^2,  53, 

Blue  cross,  222. 

Blue  glass  represented  black,  236  ; 

habit  of  St.  Bede,  48,  118*;   of  St. 

Helena,  122  ;  of  Our  Lady,  119. 
Blue    habits,    monks     in,    109,    III, 

112*,     113*,    114*,    115,     117,     120, 

289. 
Blue  marble,  35,  37,  38*  ;  cross  of, 

35,  222  ;  grave  stones  of,  61,  246. 
Blue  painting  with  gilded  stars,  38, 

40  ;    velvet,    robe   of,    106*  ;    vest- 
ment of  St.  Martin,  120. 
Blue,  see  Blewe. 
Blythman,  Mr.,  102,  284. 
Boarded  floor,  for  warmness,  62. 
Boarding  on  walls,  62. 
Bodleian  Library,  xi  ;    glass  at,  2S9. 
Bodlev  s  Librarian,  297. 
Body,  Dr.,  296. 
Boisil,  abbot,  64,  234. 
Boisilus,  S.,  136. 
Bollandists,  291. 
Bologna  (Bononia),  130. 
Bolton,  149,  290. 
Bolton,  altar  of  the  (or  Our)  Lady 

of,  1 13,  290. 
Bolton,  estate  at,  219  ;  Our  Lady  of, 

'  13- 

Bona,  Rerum  Liturgicarum,  lib.  II, 
270. 

Bondington,  Will,  de,  bishop  of 
Glasgow,  153. 

Bones,  disposal  of,  245  ;  thrown  into 
vault,  59  ;   see  Charnell-house. 

Bonifacius,  S.,  126. 

Bonny,  Mr.,  100,  282. 

"  Bonny  Rood,"  41,  226. 

Bononia  (Bologna),  130. 

Book  of  benefactors,  16,  208; 
chained  to  altar,  208  ;  of  coming 
of  St.  Cuthberl  into  Scotland,  35, 
-•23  ;  ot  Epistles  and  Gospels,  8, 
200,  304  ;  in  hand  of  S.  J.  B.,  1  13  ; 
in  hand  of  W.  Drax,  118;  of 
jewels,  ornaments,  relics,  etc.,  17, 
208,  304. 


Book,  "my  other"  (II.  45),  54. 
Booke,  "  my  ould,"  21  ;  see  Gospels. 
Books  brought    from  Rome,  135  ;  in 

carrells,    83  ;     of   evidence,    78 ; 

kepi  in  Treasury,  263  ;   mentioned 

in   Rites,  list  of,   304  ;    serving  for 

pax,  9,  200. 
Book  covers,  pictures  on,  8,  200. 
Bookcases,  marks  of,  262. 
Boots,    97  ;    and   socks,   put   on   the 

dead,  51,  52,  237. 
Boss,  an  enlarged  part  of  the  shaft 

of  the  paschal  candlestick,  10  ;  of 

that  of  Neville's  Cross,  27,  28. 
Bosses,  on  holy-water  stones,  60. 
Bough  Church,  71,  251. 
Boulby's  office,  169. 
Bound  Rood,  altar  of,  41,  226,  303, 

Bourges  (Bituricas),  128*. 

Bouyer,  Mr.,  159. 

Bow  Church,  71,  104,  105,  246,  251, 
287  ;  bell  cast  in,  167. 

Bow  Church  end,  105. 

Bow  Lane,  170,  2S8. 

Bowcer,  99,  the  Bursar. 

Bowe  Church,  105,  287  ;  see  Bough. 

Bowes,  arms  of,  255. 

Bowes,  Dr.  J.,  159*. 

Bowet,  archbishop,  arms  of,  255  ; 
"  shrine  "  of,  347. 

Bowing  to  the  Blessed  Sacrament,  8. 

Bowling  alley,  88,  270. 

Bowman,  Tho.,  146. 

Bowter,  146,  294. 

Bowyer,  Mr.  Rob..  248. 

Boy  bringing  holy  water,  205. 

Boys'  room,  169,  213. 

Boyle's  Durham,  215. 

Bradshaw,  H.,  Society,  203*,  246, 
277,  278,  279,  301. 

Bradshaw  and  Wordsworth,  their 
edition  of  Lincoln  Statutes,  200, 
202,  203,  220. 

Brancepeth,  canopies  at,  221  ;  Geo- 
metrical tracery  at,  221,  231. 

Branches  and  flowers,  in  stone,  23- 

Branckes  field  (Branxton,  Flodden), 

95*-  -277- 

Brand,  Popular  Antiquities,  2^S, 
287. 

Brandishing,  5,  197. 

Brantingham,  243. 

Brantyngham,  Tho.  de,  bishop  of 
Exeter,   282. 

Brass,  of  Beaumont,  15,  2o(>,  320  ; 
Berington,  23 ;  Brimley,  162;  Burn- 
by,  34,  222  ;  Castell,  34,  222  ;  de 
Bury,  2  ;  Rob.  Ebchester,  30,  219; 
W.  Ebchester,  30,  219  ;  Fossour, 
2<)  ;    rlemmingbrough,    30,    210; 


312 


INDEX. 


Neville,    225  •    Rackett,    60,    246  ; 
Skirlawe,  18;  Washington,  22,  213. 
Brasses,  defaced  by  dean  Whitting- 
ham,  60,  246  ;  niches  on,  320  ;  on 
outdoor  tombs,  246  ;  of  de  Insula 
and  Kellow,  55,  242. 
Brathwaite,  Theoph.,  x,  xi,  xvii. 
Brattishing,  5,  40,  197. 
Braybroke,     Rob.     de,     bishop     of 

London,  285. 
Bread  for  altar  use,  97,  278  ;  do.,  at 

Maundy,  78,  79. 
Breakspear,  Nich.,  344. 
Brechin    (Breynensis),    bishops     of, 

see  Albinus,  William. 
Bregwinus,  S.,  128. 
Brendanus,  S.,  135  ;  day  of,  288. 
Brereton,  Sir  W.,  Travels,  355. 
Breviary,  Benedictine,  207*  ;  Roman, 
207,    267,    287,    289,    290  ;    Sarum, 
205,  208,  270,  287,  291  ;  York,  208, 
270,  283,  287,  290,  291. 
Breviaries,  English,  267,  289  ;  medi- 
aeval, 204,  234. 
Brewen,  one,  14. 
Brewer  (pandoxator),  145. 
Brewhouse,  men  of,  39. 
Breynensis,  151,  295. 
Bridge,  King  David's,  214. 
Bridle  in  tree,  65,  70. 
Bridlington,  shrine  at,  284. 
Brimley  or  Brimleis,  John,  43,   161, 
231,    247,    297;    epitaph    ot\    231; 
music  by,  231. 
Brinkburn,  149. 
Bristol,  Jesus  anthem  at,  221. 
Brithwoldus,  S.,  132. 
British     Museum,     22^,     276,     301  ; 
Library  of,  248  ;  see  Manuscripts. 
Brittany,     charnels    in,    315  ;    stone 

circles  in,  262. 
Brockett,  Glossary,  207. 
Broking,  Toby,  298. 
Brome,  his  edition  of  Somner,  297. 
Brough  Hall,  xii. 
Browell,  Joh.,  144. 
Brown,     Chr.,      147  ;       Edw.,     146  ; 
Henry,     101,     145  ;     Nich.,     145  ; 
Will.,  162,  298  ;  Rev.  W.,  285. 
Browney,  river,  214*,  218. 
Bruce,  see  David  ;   Lieut. -Col.,  163. 
Brunswick,  candlestick  at,  202. 
Bukley,  Job.,  144. 
Bull's    head,    6,    27,    112,    217,    221; 

having  no  scutcheon,  27. 
Buhner,  Will.,    144. 
Burford,  vestry  altar  at,  212. 
Bulges,   Rob.,  144. 
Burgh  (Peterborough),  130. 
Burial     in     unconsecrated    ground, 
241  ;     oi    prior,    the    first    within 
abbey  church,  29,  218. 


Burials,  ringing  at,  166*. 

Burnby,  John,  Prior,  34,  53,  222. 

Burnell,  Rob.,  bishop  of  Bath,  155. 

Bursar,  99,  101,  264,  275,  280,  284. 

Bursarii  gromus,  146. 

Bursar's  chamber,  99  ;  checker,  99*, 

280,  284. 
Bursars'  Books,  xix,  280  ;  Rolls,  280. 
Burton,  Three  Primers,  222. 
Burton  and   Raine,    Hemingbrough, 

219. 
Bury  St.    Edmunds,   candlestick  at, 

202  ;    great    O    pittance    at,    270  ; 

shrine  at,  196. 
Bury,    Ric.   de,    bishop,    2,    59,    157, 

242,    243,    245  ;    tombstone    of,    2, 

194. 
Burying   of  monks,    51,   52,   237  ;  of 

priors,  52. 
Busby,  Rob.,  146. 
Busk-board,  279. 
Buttery,  87,  91,  259,  269,  a  place  for 

butts  ;   see  N.  E.  D.  ;  of  Stephen 

Marley,  91. 
Buttresses,  of  steeple,  93. 
Byland,  Galilee  at,  230. 
Byzantine  drawings,  248. 

Caen  stone,  198. 

Csena  Domini  (Maundy),  255,  256. 

Caerleon,  see  Urbs. 

Caithness  (Catanensis),  bishops  of, 
see  William. 

Calefactories,  218. 

Calefactory,  270. 

Calvert,  Leon.,  298. 

Calvin,  John,  216,  217;  Catherine, 
sister  of,  26,  217. 

Calvinist,  a  severe,  xv. 

Cambridge,  University  of,  xiv  ; 
University  Library,  xii  ;  MS.  in, 
xii*,  xvi  ;  St.  John's  College,  xiv, 
xv. 

Camden,  Britannia,  169,  303/2.  ;  his 
story    of    Bede,     in    "  Remaines," 

_  235. 

Camden  Society,  Abingdon  Account 
rolls,  246  ;  Chronicle  of  Grey 
Friars,  245  ;  Letters  on  Suppres- 
sion, 284  ;  Machyn's  Diary,  203  ; 
Miscellanies,  217,  265. 

Cameras  gromus,  146. 

Camerarius,  145,  146. 

Campbell,  Ja.,  Balmerino,  etc.,  197. 

Cancellaria,  263. 

Candelabra  of  latten,  171*. 

Candida  Casa,  151,  295. 

Candida  Casa,  bishops  of,  ix. 

Candles,  blessing  of,  172,  173  ; 
carried,  not  lighted,  187  ;  distribu- 
tion    of,      174  ;      lighting     of,     at 


INDEX. 


31. 


Candlemas,  174;  on  Easter  Even, 
iS(>,  187  ;  three,  burning  con- 
tinually, 14. 

Candle-bearer,  171). 

Candlemas,  ceremonial  of,  1 73—1 75, 
203,  340. 

Candlestick,  one,  on  altar,  201. 

Candlestick,  the  seven,  1 1,  203  ;  see 
Paschal. 

Candlesticks,  9,  10,  201. 

Candlesticks,  iron,  b. 

Candlestick  metal,  10,  11. 

Candlesticks,  two  on  altar,  201. 

Canonical  penance,  295. 

Canons  displaced,  67,  72  ;  minor, 
278;  Regular,  124;  do.  of  Holy- 
rood,  25. 

Canopy  for  Blessed  Sacrament,  S, 
199  ;  of  purple  velvet,  13. 

Canopies  over  altars,  194. 

Canterbury, 12b,  127*, 128*, 131*,  133, 
259 ;  Archbishops,  see  Alphege, 
Cranmer,  Cuthbertus,  Edmund, 
Lanfranc,  Parker,  Peckham, 
Sancroft,  Stratford,  Theodore, 
Thomas  Becket  ;  book-cover 
at,  200  ;  candlestick  at,  202  ; 
canonical  subjection  to,  128; 
carrels  at,  262  ;  cellarer's  d